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The Rice belt journal. (Welsh, Calcasieu Parish, La.) 1900-19??, May 28, 1915, Image 6

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064402/1915-05-28/ed-1/seq-6/

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.·YT 7 p -mTrL
More Fuss Over Freight Rates Than
Cost of Hauling Crops From
Farm to ¶a1lroad.
A good dl ;'.i of fu"ss i.; raised over
freight rate,. and -vcrybody who has
anytho n d t Vd ( ith ,:ie transportation
of crolps or moerchandise is up in arms
hbe oino int railroads give the least
entirrat ioin that freight rates are to lie
advanced. But at the same time, there
is a strong tendency to gig e no atten
tioi to the cost of hauling farma crops
from their point of origin on the farm
to the railroad station; a matter of
greater concern than all the railroad
rates in the world, says Fruit Grower
and Farmer.
Uncle Sam has found that it costs
in the neighborhood of 25 cents a mile
to haul a ton over the average coun
try road. But this cost may run up
to ten times this figure over bad roads,
and be reduced as many times over
good roads with modern vehicles.
This cost is something that is rarely
ever figured in by the producer when
sunmming up his marketing expense,
even though it will frequently make a
tigure that is not much less than the
cost of getting his produce to the dis
tant market by rail.
Good roads are expensive to build
and are more or less of an expense to
maintain, but if it were possible to
compare tlhe lowered cost of trans
porting the farm produce over the
road before and after improvement it
would be found that the cost was paid
back with interest within a very few
years after improvement. Low grades
arc of first consideration, for it costs
mor 3 money to haul over a hilly road
than over a level one, where the sur
face is the same. But on almost any
roadt. it is easily possible to have at
least a smooth surface on which to
The King drag is the implement that
will make the surface smooth and
keep it smooth. And the wonder of
it is that more farms do not have a
drag as an essential part of their
equipment. Road dragging time is
just coming with the breaking up of
the snow, and its usual accompani
ment of mud. Heavy trafficme over such
roads makes ruts and bad roads of the
worst sort, unless the ruts are filled
by dragging. Prepare now to keep
your road dragged this year, and
lower the cost of hauling your prod
uce to market.
Remember, also, that wide-tired
.wagons pull more easily than narrow
tired ones 90 per cent of the times
L -
Example of Mountain Road Building
in Colorado.
when tbey are used. The wide tire
does not cut so deep ani makeb a bet
ter track on roads wvhich are traveled
while the ground is soft. The wide
tire packs the surface into a firm road
bed, and thus enables it to drain well
in time of rain.
In corniichis, plowed fields, field
lanes, and on Iasture and alfalfa land,
the draft on the wide tire is consider
*ably less, no matter what the condi
tion of the soil. Tho wide tire does
not cut up the nieidow or field as
does the narrow tire. This is also
important, as a smooth surface in the
*meadow is much caisler to mow over.
UsC no tire iSS than four incies on
your fields or on soft roads; muahe a
King road drag and use it. Thus low
er your own treight rates by lowering
your hauling costs.
Keep W'eeds Away.
Weeds must be kept several feet
from the wheelt rack else they will
draw the moisture from the roadbed
and thus loosen it, t his is especially
true in regions of moderate rainfall.
Your IRoac's.
Hlow about that road in front of
jour farm? Did you get out with a
split log and smooth it down at the
rgrht time? Did you Jlll up the low
phlees? Take a little self-pTide in
the road that'runs in front of your
faxr and sec that it is in good shape,
(or oaurself and your neighbor.
Road-Building Habit
The road-building habit is confned
to no one locality. It has a foothold
a 4S states. Au clasae take to it.
r ,tf
mand Is for Big Animals.
M1ule breeders differ to some extent
over whether the mule colt's charac
teristics are due most to the jack or
'I ·
to the mare. Several investigators
,who have asked mule breeders for
thEndurane, Vigorences and Easopinioess hatove
reeived informatid Upon that was at vari
ance. The weight of opinimalon, however,
seule breeders differ thato somthe extental
over hacteristics of the mule colts colt arac-e
givteristics arby due ost to the jack, while his en
Idurance, vigor and easiness to keep
towill depend upon the mre. Several investigators
who ithave asked mulseene breeders forub
i their experiences and opinions have
mare, thceived informathaion thatmed, washy at vari-ype
aneof little weight of opstaminiona will notever,
seems to incline mother forat the externale
characteristics of the mule colt ofare a
g iiren him by thle jack, whiile hris en
Idurance, vigor and easiness to keep
will depend upon the mare.
marSo it will not do, butseen that is rathe scrubr a
upare, the cat-hanimed, washy typei
of little wecight or stamina will not
make a suitable mother for the mule;
Niat~t is to sell well. Any sort of al
mare w·ill not do, but that is rather a
popular idea among some growers.
Take a big farm mare, one that will
stand about 15, 15 or 16 hands high,
and that weighs anywhere from 1,400
to 1,SOO pounds, and bred to a good
jack she should produce the kind of
mules that the market is always look
I ing for.
WXhen the jack is selected he should
be of fair size and weight at about
1,000 to 1,200 pounds, and have the
right kind of a pedigree back of hiim.
Of course there are good jacks that
are somew'hat smaller, but the 15 to
1i 4 hand animal is the one that is
most certain to produce the type cl
mules that a farmer lilies to be able
to offer. Where an animal is bought
it is worth the buyer's while to spend
a l'ttle more and get as nearly what
is wanted as possible.
It is just as easy to raise a big, rug
god, heavy. mule as it is to grow the
little mules that are now used over
much of the South. They call them
cotton mules" in the southern states,
f ý.
Excellent Type of Mule.
but the demand in that section is
now for bigger animals because ol the
increasing size andl weight ut farm
mnchinery. In the cities the big
mule has the call. The little mule is
not wanted and may soon become
something of a diug on the market.
Youngsters Are Allowed to Drain
Sows' Udders, and Next Day They
Are Put in Good Pastures.
Many of our best hog men now
wean their pigs early and wean them
all at the same time The day be
tore weaning they put the sows and
pigs together in a pen Dy themselves
ana give the sows hlttle or no feed
that day
The pigs are allowed to drain the
sows udders and the next day tfl
pigs are put in a good pasture by
themselves and giv'en a nutritious ra
tion, skim milk being fed It it is avail.
The sows are put on short pasture
ana for the first day or two are given
plenty to drink but little to eat. In
a short time they are dried up com·
pletely and then may be given a good
ration to get them in condition for
breeding or for market.
State is Third in Number of Pur*
chases, Against Tenth Place Last
Year-Illinois Is First,
Over five hundred registered Perch
eron stallions were transferred to In
diana owners: according to the report
of the Percheron Society of America
at its annual meet:ng. This puts the
state third. in number ot purchases,
against tenth place last year. The
Increase is accounted for by the new
stallion registration rules, which re
quire the owner to make the breeding
at the horse public. Farmers hayp in
many cases been 'reediqg to horses
of scrub lineage, which they supposed
were purebreds. Illinois leats in
numbers purchased, with 1,207
E M 0 0MM ,·dW Fi - do o n
A Famous Tennessee Shorthorn Cow.
ii (Prepared by the United States Depart
e ment of Agriculture.)
1- A large portion of the dairy prod
p ucts of the South is marketed in the
form of butter. In the past this has
b brought low prices because it has not
e been regarded as of high quality. For
t dairying to be profitable to him as it
e should be, the southern farmer must
a take pains to produce milk and cream
a of good quality, as this determines to
Sa great extent the quality of the but
11 ter.
1, To make good butter it is necessary
10 to have clean miilk from clean, healthy
d cows. Even if there is no visible dirt
)f in it, milk from unhealthy cows is not
k- safe. Special attention should be
given to the condition of the udder,
d and any milk twhich appears slimy or
it ropy or otherwise abnormal should be
.e discarded. Long hair favors the ac
Scumulation of filth, therefore the hair
it on Ilanks and udder should be clipped.
o The body of the cow should also be
is kept free from mud and manure, and
the bedding must be clean and dry
ec and used in suflicient quantities to
It keep the cow comIfortable when in the
d stable.
it It is irupossible to keep the cow
cltean if the stable is dirty. In conse
- quence a hard floor without cracks is
e a necessity. The walls and ceiling
'r should be free from dust or cobwebs,
at !and at least once a year they should
s, he whitewashed. Manure should be
taken out at least once a day and kept
some distance from the stable. The
barnyard should contain no mudholes
and be so arranged as to drain away
from the building. A clean yard is of
I great help in keeping cows clean.
Avoid Disagreeable Flavors.
The character of the feed may also
affect the milk. Such feeds as rape,
cabbage, turnips and silage may im
part a disagreeable flavor and they
should, therefore, be given after in
stead of immediately before milking.
When the pastures are overrun with
garlic or wild onion the cows should
be removed three or four hours before
Sthey are milked. iMoldy and decayed
feed should never be used, as it may
seriously affect the cows' health and
change the character of the milk. It
is also important to avoid anything
that will raise (lust in the stable at
milking time, and hence dusty hpy
should not be fed immediately before
milking, nor 1the cows cbedded at tlhis
Still another important point is the
water supply. Cows need an abun
Sd ance of water and this shouild always
he 0fresh and pure. A good water sup
1:1, is, in fact, an absolute necessity
is for the production of the best quality
ie of nqilk and cream. Without an abuin
m dlance of pure water it is unlikely that
the various utensils used in a dairy
is will be properly cleansed, and there
e fore the milk will i cvitably sutiffer in
quality. A descrip of useful equip
ment is contained a special publi
S cation of the United States depart
ment of agriculture entitled "Farm
in Conveniences- for JFndling the Cow
and Her Product," which may be had
on application. I
Cleanliness must extend beyond the
wv cow and tle stable to the milkers
m I themselves. They should milk with
e- dry, clean hands, and the cow's udder
id and flanks should first be wiped off
~a with a damp cloth to remove any loose
id dust or hair which might fall into the
pail. Each time that they are used
re all the milk utensils should be rinsed,
1e first with cold or lukewarm water and
)I . then vashed with hot water which
a- contains some washing powder, such
11- as sal soda. Soap and soap powders
are not desirable. Fiber brushes are
re more easily kept clean than wash
in rags and are, therefore, better. After
hi the utensils have been washed thor
n1 oughly they should be rinsed in scald
)d Ing water and inverted in a rack in a
or clean place and screened from flies.
Improperly washed utensils tend to
turn milk sour and also acquire a bad
|a odor which warm milk quickly ab
Ir The milk should be removed at once
from the stable and taken to some.
place where it can be cooled to a tem.
perature of 50 degrees Fahrenheit or
h- lower, and held there until it is dis
g. posed of. All flies and odors should
rt be carefully guarded against.
ca Separator Is Necessary.
he For the production of cream of the
!S, best quality a separftor is necergary.
he I none is available the milk should
'W be put into deep or "shotgun" cans,
re- wuich are preferable to the old-fash
ag bincd shallow vesi;ers.. In skimming
!nf the milk it is desi'able to produce a
es cream that contaius uot less than 3P
ed per cent of butte'.fat,- as such cream
sours less quicklj than thinner cream.
The cream should 'ot be permitted to
stand in a warmer temperature than
50 degrees Fahrenheit, and the tem
perature should be as much below this
as possible. Warm cream mixed with
cool4sream will tend to sour the whole
When the cream is intended for the
ice cream or retail trade it should be
delivered daily. If intended for the
creamery, and proper care is taken
of it, deliveries twice a week in win,
ter and three times in summer may be
suflicient. In hot weather cream cans
should be protected with blankets dur"
ing delivery to prevent a rise in tem
Cultivation of Plant Is Much Like
Corn-Planting Should Be Done
When Soil is Warm.
(By A. J. LEGG.)
Sorghum is divided into lwo gener
al classes. In the first are included
all of the varieties which contain
enough sugar that it will pay to culti
vateS"for the sugar. This class is the
saccharine class.
In the second class is included the
varieties that are cultivated for the
seed stalks, etc., used for feed for
farm animals. This class is called
the nonsaccharine class. It contains
I some sugar, but is low in sugar con
tents while the saccharine class may
contain as much as 20 per cent of
sugar in its juice.
The saccharine or sweet varieties
are cultivated primarily for the sugar,
but the seed and blades both make
good feed for animals.
The seeds make good feed for al
most any farm animal and for poultry.
Sorghum is cultivated very much
like corn. It is planted in rows 32
to 4 feet apart and the hills are about
two feet apart in the row, with four
or five stalks to the hill.
The first cultivation is very tediotp,
as the plants start off slowly, but after
the plants get wp a little the cultiva
tion is not more difficult than corn.
An acre of good sorghum will yield
from one hundred to two hundred
gallons of sirup, worth from fort to
fifty cents per gallon.
The planting should be done a little
later than early corn, as the sorghum
will not do much growing until the
soil gets warm. Whcn the seed gets
ripe, the stalks are bladed and the
blades cured and tied into bundles.
The cane is cut and tops cut off. The
togs or seed bheod shoulq be allowed
to dry out before storing away, else
they will mold.
The stalks are crushed in a cane
mill and the juice strained and boiled
either in an evaporator or a large
Before the juice reaches the boil,
all of the green scum must be
skimmed off.
Another way to dispose of the green
scum is to put the juice in a long,
deep box wih small holes in one end,
corked with wooden plugs for drawing
off the juice without agitating the juice
in the box.
The box is filled with juice and
about one-fourth bushel of well pul
verized clay with as little sand in it
as can be got is pat in the juice and
well stirred. In a few minutes the
clay will begin to sink and the green
scum will adhere to it. The clay
will take all of the green to the bot
tom of the box.
As soon as the green scum and the
clay sink sufficient to allow the pure
juice to run from the top hole it may
be opened and the juice drawn off.
Then the second hole from the top is
opened, and so on until the juice Is
all drawn off and only the pulverized
clay and the green scum remain.
When this is done the juice may be
boiled into sirup without the trouble
of skimming by hand.
The clay method of cleansing the
juice is preferable 'to the old plan of
skimming as it makes a better, clearer
sirup and the puriCying is done before
the sirup is heate'i.
One Vigorous Male Might Take Care
of Twenty Hens, But it is Con
·siderbd Risky Business.
While a vigorous male may be al
lowed matings of as high as twenty
hens, it is usually risky business to
allow such a number to one male bird.
Again, it is quite oft an just as risky
to allow but three or four hens in
the pen with onre male bird. The
fewer the number of hens the more
worrisome the male bird, to the detrt
ment of the egg fertility.
Only Her Third Engagement in a Few
Months and His Congratulations
Hint at Fickleness.
A c(rrain charminilg young thiiing of
thiS town has an uncle of iwhom s!h
has always been, and still is, very
fonid; but just at pres'nt she is coiin
vinced that he is as catty as any womn
an she's ever known.
She tells the story herself:
'Listen. You know I have always
I had an excessive affection for Uncle
DIick, and have without exception told
him everything-absolutely every
"Now, the fact that I have had so
much trouble with-well, you know
with whom-has never been a joke to
me. Last year, when that affair with
Tom was on, I wrote, of course, to
Uncle gck about it-Uncle was then
in the West. Now, since he always
liked Tom, he wrote me a beautiful
letter, offering me all manner of felici
tations and wishes for a bright and
prosperous future. I treasured that
letter from Uncle Dick.
"Now, it isn't necessary for me to
refer to my disappointment in Tom
his behavior justified any action on my
part. I know that people say I threw
him over and all that sort of thing,
but, honestly, there was only one thing
to do, and. of course I did it.
"Well, I suppose it did seem a little
startling to Uncle Dick, when a little
over two months after the writing of
his first letter, he -eceived another
from me, telling him of my engage
ment to Harry. But uncle was terribly
nice about it. He approved of my
Icourse in the matter, even though he
did prefer Tom to anybody else. And
I couldn't complain of the letter uncle
sent me in reply to the second. It
was just as nice as his first, although
he did give a hint of surprise.
"It was afterward that Uncle Dick
showed himself most objectionable.
Two weeks ago, when I found that,
after all was said and done, it was
really Clarence that I love4, I got a
third letter from Uncle Dick-the
brute! After acknowledging the re
ceipt of my announcement he went on
to say:
"'Permit me, my dear, to congratu
late you on your approaching marriage
"Then he inserted one of those star
signs (what do you call 'em-aster- i
isks?) and added in a footnote: 'Here
insert the name of the happy man!'"
-New York Times.
New Fishing Grounds Found.
During the summer of 1914 the de
partment of commerce, through the
bureau of fisheries, conducted an ex
ploration of certain fishery grounds
off the coast of Oregon and Washing
ton to determine, particularly, if hali
but were present in sufficient quanti
ties to support a fishery. The fishery
steamer Albatross was used for this
A halibut ground was found off
Newport, Ore., covering an area of
approximately 250 square miles. As
an immediate result of the Albatross
findings, fishermen made 21 trips to
the ground, taking about 850,000
pounds of halibut, valued at about
$24,000. Trips yielding 40,000 pounds
were made in four days or less. Ir
respective of the abundance of fish,
weather conditions and the lack of
harbors will inhibit fishing excepting
from April to October.
Several smaller areas off Grays har
bor and Coos bay may be expected to
produce halibut in limited numbers,
and the entire coast of Oregon was
found to abound in flounders, soles,
rock cod and black cod-a valuable
food supply when market conditions
warrant its exploitation.
Advice to Housewives.
Assistant Secretary of Agriculture
Vrooman says .that the American
housewife could materially reduce the
cost of living if she were to get the
flour-mixing habit.
"There are some thirty. substitutes
that can be'mixed with wheat flour
in making bread," he says. "Many of
these are more nutritious than wheat
flour; some of them are cheaper than
wheat fiogr~and of these two or three
at least are commercially obtainable
almost anywhere.,
"Potatoes, corn flour, and rice can
be used with profit In mixture with
wheat flour in making yeast bread.
With wheat flour as dear as it Is now,
the careful housewi e stands to effect
quite a saving by ing one of these
products to eke out her wheat flour.
Experiments have shown that the sub
stitutes can bei used successfully in
the proportion of one part to three
parts of wheat flour. At least three
fourths of the mixture must`be good
wheat flour."
Repeated Like Machine Gun.
The attention of the committee of
seventy is invited to the device em
ployed in Santo Domingo to prevent
repeating; the voters' hands are
marked with indelibile ink. It is re
ported that some of the voters have
found it possible to erase the marks,
but it'is not known whether they have
done this in order to repeat. At any
rate, the practice of marklin' a man
opens up considerable possibilities in
the way of the purification of elec
tions. For example, in one of our
cities recently a one-legged negro was
found to have voted six times. He
went to the polls once with an artifi
cial leg, once with a "peg" leg, and
once with nothing but his natural leg
and a pair of crutches. By putting a
bandage over one eye and then over
the, other, and on one occasion stick
ing sony whiskers on his face, he man
aged tJ repeat like a machine gun.
Philadelphia Record.
The W rtche
of C i
of Const:patiop
CUn cliu e ` ne by
li ; r. c IT
nes_, and I . Theydo
Genuine ?:;: bear Si
not only the old reliable r
Forchlldren as well as adults.
years. 50c and $1 bottles atdr
A toilet prepsr,
S iltdps to Crad.ew
For Restori
Beauty toGrayorF
6Oc and $LtOat
relef, soon re"
and shor' breath, often gives
15 to 25 lays. Trialtreatmn
H. H. Greeno's Sons, Bo
Otherwise Engaged,
Alic*--{ (o Kitty didn't sing
ilast night. bid you press h
Jack- I did: that's why
sing .
Followcs Use of Cuticura
Ointment Trial Free,
By bathing and anointing
grant sulpercrcalny emollienti
to tender, sensitive or irri
ing skins a feeling of in
comfort dificult for one to
has never used them forlike
Cultivate an acquaintance
Sample each free by mail
Address postcard, Cuticura,
Boston. Sold everywhere.
Psychology of Pra
The question of short v
periods of practice in
man muscles for any p
of work is obviously one
reaching application. Some
ing experiments on this
been carried out by Dr. K.
of Johns Hopkins university;
tion of skill in archery w'
as the subject of observati
untrained persons were
three groups. One group
farrows with the English
day; another, twenty shots
and the third, forty shota
sults showed conclusively:
group shooting only five
improved in accuracy
penditure of time in pr
required by either of the
for the same amount of
A report on the expe
"The relatively greater
short periods of practice
for many days Is in ac
the results of the study
and of speech habits in a
dicates that in training ta
feats, in both animals
length of practice periodi1
usually too great for
ficieniy." -Scientific Am
Too Much fbr T
Corpulent Individual
give me any reasonawhy I
Spouse--Well, I shoold'
dear, but the Germans
don Mail.
Leads to Madness, if N
"Experiments satlsfledh
years ago," writes aT
"that coffee was the
insomnia from which r
ribly, as well as extre
and acute dyspepsia.
"I had been a coflef
childhood, and did nOt
that the beverage Ws:
this harm. But it was,
came when I had to
protect myself. I th
coffee abruptly and
adopted Postum for II
"I began to abte
my condition very so&t
on Postum. The
gradually, but sur4Y,
matter of onlly at
found myself entirely
nervousness passed a
tive apparatus was r
eflciency, and I beg4S
fully and peacefullY'
"These happy condi
tinued during all of thbs
am safe in saying
entirely to Postum, for
to drink it I ceased to
Name given by PG
Creek, Mich. Read
Wellville," in pkgs.
Postum comes In t
Postum Cerealt-the
must be wfll boiled. I
Irustant Postu'rres
dissolvws ' -..-·.. iD'
tur, apid. with cream
a delicious Lcverage I
50e tins.
lioth kinds are e -
Cost about the samel
"There's p. 3eason

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