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Madison times. (Tallulah, Madison Parish, La.) 1884-1???, September 11, 1886, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064405/1886-09-11/ed-1/seq-4/

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THE ILAND OF CEYlON.
A Mo.i;naiao Country with a SteadUy la
rresetag PopulatoU.
The island if Cerlon is 270 miles in
length, 106 in breadth, and very moun
tainous near the center, there being
mountains ranging between 3,000 and
ti,000 feet high. ten of which are above
the latter limit. The highest is
Pidnrutalsge. 8,296 feeL Large tracts
of the island are still covered with
dense jungle. in which many wild ele
phants are to be found: but the wanton
slaughter of these useful animals led
the government to prohibit their de
struction except under special per
mission.. Of late there have been
great progress and improvements in
the means of internal communication.
There are good roadways, metaled and
graveled. and now 178 miles of ral
way and 167 miles of canal, which
have done much to promote the inter
ests of the country. The population has
been steadily increasing. and now it
numbers 2.450,0O. There are En
ropeans. Enrasians. and Burghers,
tnhalese. Tamils, Moors, and a few
Parsees, Afghans. Malays. and others.
hbe Sinha!ese inhabit the interior and
parts of the coast, and comprise near
ly :,000,000 of the people, while the
T'amils occupy the northern portion of
the island, and number about 600,000.
The Europeans are comparatively few
in number, being under 5,000; but of
I~urasians and Burghers there are
nearly 18,000. There are 180 Moor
men. who are to be found in large
numbers alt over the different pro
vinces. The postal service through
out the island is in a very satisfactory
state. Scarce a town or village but
boasts of a postoMece, and ere long
they are to have added to them the
all-lIportrnt savings bank. which does
so much to influence thrift and econ
omy. The island has many institutions
for the sick and the diseased in body
and mind, and in education the people
are far in advance of their northern
neighbors. English is pretty general-I
ly spokes, and particularly among the
domestic class. The products of the
country are very varied and consist of
rice, cinnamon, cocoanut, paints,
tobacco, sugar-cane, and cotton, and
latterly coffee, cinchona, india rubber,
Lad tea have been added. The land is
admirably adapted for the growth of
rice. lise cultivation of cooosnuts
has been gradually increasing, and,
though a large quantity is exported, a
large trade is done in the coir fiber
from the husk and in expressed oil
from the kernel of the nut. The culti
vation extends nearly all along the
west part of the island. The great
planting industry, however, is now
offee and tea. For many years, dur
Ing the occupation of the Dutch in
1740. the cultivation of coffee was con
fined to the low-lying country, but it
was not until the occupation by the
British. when communication between
the hill country and the coast was
made, that it began to flourish, and
since then it has been gradually ex
tending all over the central and west
provinces. The opening of the rail
way between Kandy and Colombo did
much to stimulate the industry by
:u:Pppyi· cheap free labor and geat
er-cilties for the market. Larg
quantities of jungle were cleared and
planted, and everything seemed to in
sure a permanent good investment,
but an enemy appeared in the field
who began his devastation and has
continued steadily to diminish the pro
daetive power ever since till he has
reduced the exports to less than a fifth
of what they were. The enemy isa
minute fungips on the leaf called Ilemi
leso etvaetrri. It appeared in a remote
corner of one of the young effee gar
dens. The leaves assumed k bright
orange spot, and then they withered
and decayed. The consequences of
such a failure, fol!owing on the invest
et of a number of planters in the
h districts, led to the most serious
evnsequenses and ru:n. These losses
convinced many that the climate and
character of the soil were admirably
adapted for the cultivation of tea, and
the result has been that thousands of
acres under coffee cultivation have
Now been changed to tea, and the jun
ne is being cleared for the extension
if the cultivation of that plsat- /Or.
Glasgow IHerwd
The "Dude" Militia
It is a common thing, while stand
,ng on the sidewalk in any city where
mnalitia or amateur soldiers are on
tarade, in any state in the Union, to
hear slighting remarks made abeout
the "dades." Smarrtles, thaugs, priMe
fighters, lawbreakers. and sometimes
respectable men who do not see any
else in such parades with guns.
leathers and furbelows, make sarastic
remarks that would make the ears of
h-e young soldiers born if they beard
them. It is very natural to make
omments, and there is nothing that
•as greater subject for commePat than
the eitiaens who one day measurer
calico, keep bookls or sell beer, and
tbe nexat day appear as an army wth
baners. A year or two before the
war it was the same way. Who does
-..et rememberthe comments that were
Smade as tbe old Milwaukee LUght
tuard. with its bear skin eas, march
. d abeut the streets? And yet, before
-.e war was over, nearly every mem
er of that dres-parade organuiation
was ommand j men, some command
.. ing divisions, oere bigder, othebr
regiments. nd lots oftIpae te
were commandiang cmpdle 4eNrly
every regiment tha left the state had
an offer from the ranks of that eld
bearskin aompany that used to be
:laughed at for monkerian around in
-,he hot sun, forfun. Duaring the wa
t1e record of the members o1 that old
cumpany was watched eagerly by
many who ued to langh at them.
'' probably no regiment In this countr.
has ever been commented on and
laughed at for its dudish propesitie
am much as the New York eventh,
and vet, when needed. those dudel
p hke "a stoe wal a galst a
Sknow fear only by reading
i Afterthe war there was no
use for malitia, for a long time. Old
.•teidera did not care to enlist for fun,
after serving four years for business,
and those who had not been in hattie
.ad a deicaer about going into the
pcoaic malitia busines, for lear ,d
being lauzhed at. But as years rollek d
amiNd and a new generatie sorang
up. the mitarv ardor they hadl in
o . LMritedl began to fermet, a few old(
sodiers Zut the fever and went it
with the lpors, :nd to day there is :
s:iitarv feeling every-where, and out
: ildue" nlar praietd tby scae and
Siuled a by other e same as te heii
f ler. wise twanty-live years ago.
. lw *de some big fellow is heard
to a), as he ses a company of youn
' fows parading with guns, "1 epelJ
JR*t-p he whole cr mpany." That
hi t be trun. if mansle was all there
,i ight, bet thesmallest eab be
Jthe cr ompaq, it well driled. l.
eSgm54 a ld in hettle ab s Ja l Slhl
ga uwgimg t of clarks woeld
4U9Eab~·FIPitro ;1m&r~
tie fellow that ouly t ,'ilh a Ihundred
pounds lIaind :, h-c,.h-- adin rutle.
.werere' . I.h I, :. ' - t1 p.
i:l holy tenor h thIe ,hI. ]i..e on
horseback. with a: c'rb:in. iand ac, -uple p
of revolver- whlti'! he knows how to ti
use. lite ItOwte : whle -iwath. aind p
novier thinkw of ( i ," chl nir s of eiir, :a
killed. tbeadt-rs of the; li. p:.rs s\iil ret- It
meimuler IB lI Wilon - Zoiste-,. c.'nt- w1
possd of N(.wv York aIhs,, , t,:,".te, rob :
r-: and Ipr., :r" ile.rs. They we5re <
sent toI Ship i sLIt:l a ;lt liotlr, i th "it
io p e.. th a t t t\ " ,,; l d " o f y e sil ,t t
fever. as theit t et" no0, g- -ol 'on 'earth. f'
T'hiit rtig n ,tent .1'11 s:rc-k : niinst .1
wurkitng on Joit:: .':tiot ... 'J'iT l said u
Ihey nievetr d.d tnv ,:. +li th. et nIIV st
wosiild. 'Thv egli ,,d to te'tt and to h
liiht.t and there wa% ; powtr on
e:trth that i "ulid I i:iake i liht i wotrk. i
Ihlie gener.l in tto,  arn., ortdered a I
i:)itaad of the woI i o-t fl , rer' lhit ter
ruts, out one ala i- t diostome work,atnld
ita sqtatld of 4t3i f1"t'i~itt votiung tfel- tl
ltws were orec-rtil o1t 4t4 eo ti iethem rl
work or k'- li t1110. Th' , Itgs rcl ii'ttl
to w .rk, ait liit th - . 'ere .:t I tywo tu:in- o'
"tit in toh ih ti gr:t ihte picks and :
sho.ne 1 awtl t hr.w dtirt. Afier a ltiti- 1
ifto tof idtler:t<- Ill. \Virci n a bor s bl
were ordered to loa their guns with I
balls. Then they were ordered to a
take aim at the hearts of th. zotavee,. 1
which lti'c did. 1 lien thel oilie' r :;tl ai
if they didn't g.o to cork :n tin se.- 1i
onds they two tuhl ie dadl tuniti, andti
(;~ld hits e iecr- -" lhifore the t
words were ott of thli officer's (111th it
tlhe biggest thrize lighter in the stt:l
gr:abbed a pick, uand cecry la-t outne of v
them foilliowed lsuit, and such a throw- t
ing of dirt na ver was seen, and after i
that zona te wollt'd work it a liston- J
sin dude looked cross at him. People t
will laugh when they read of the in- -
spections of our amateur soldiers. Q
where a belt buckle or a button out of t
place is marked against the sold er, r
and often the sold:er think it a little t
tough. but that is what makes soldiers.
In all companies there are a few men r
who look upon disciplne as u.eless, if a
not foolish. A mtan in a company. (
who, when the order is "'ey es right,"'
will look to the left becanse there is a 1
girl to the left that lhe wants to see, is 1
not fit for a soldier, though he iniiy be 'i
one of the best private citizens in the I
world, and the sooner he gets out of I
a company the better for tlhe ctompanyr.
Let the militia be allowed to drill and I
to parade, and to become proficient, I
and let every private soldier learn hi, I
duties and perform them with pride.
and if occasion ever arises for a large
army to he put into the held, eachi pri
vate will be qualified to take a posi
tion as officer of a new company, and
the hundred men of a company can I
in a few days command the thousald i
menof a regiment, and a million armed I
men can be sent to any given point so 1
quick that an enemy's head will swim.
Such a thing has been in the last quar
ter of a century. and is liable to bie 1
again. So let us be careful about sar
castic remarks in regard toour mili- I
tary, as we may regret it some day
not far d's:ant.-Pte's Sut.
The Railway Whistle.
Massachusetts is leading the way in
bringing about a most benelieent re
form-the abatement of the nuissnce
of locomotive whistling. For many
years the railroad commissioners have
urged upon the companies the feasi- -
bility and desireability of restricting
the use of the whistle. They held that
be frightening horses it probabtly
caused as many accidents as it savs-d.
not to speak of the deaths re-ultitng
from lo4- of sleep in cases of ilines
where the invalid's houtse is near lihe
track, and further argued tha:it the
value of the warning as a dltsticlt sig
nal of danger is greatly diuiinished by
its indiscriuinate use. A dozen years
ago the managers of the Boston and
Albany railroad,. one of the most im
portant in the state, were converted
to this view, and discontinued the use
of the whistle except as a dlanger sig
nal. Experience has shown no in
crease in the number of accidents,
while the comfort of dwellers along
the lire has been greatly promoted.
The success of this experituent led to
the passage by the last legislature of
a law to restrict the use of the whistle
at street crossings. A petition by
citizens of Lawrence for the Plpllica
tion of this law in their city was re
oently heard by the commnistioner-,
and they have julst exercised their dis
cretionary power by rivilng orders to
proveut whistlin: at certain speitied
crossings in thickly-settled nquarters.
The commissioners tit the same time
recommended the companies to dis
continue the use of the wliist!e as a sig
nial for sw;tches. and as a nieans of
coommunication from one employo to
another, on the groundl tea:t the prac
tice is needless anit an inexeus.able
annoyance to the Ipublic. The import
anoce of this movement, not only as a
means ol comfort, but a- a- sanitary
measure, cannot easily be exaggerated.
--e'E, lJor Post.
IThe Nan Who Says -(ioe:"'
SManlager James Revell. of thle mune
uamr, is rather absent-minded, csplecial
ly of late. andi when to all appearanee
he is enarrssed in cnversatioh with
another h a mind is wanderinir off. ihI
constantly interjects the ord "'good"'
when a friend in counversat on closes a
emiark.
Meeting an old friend on the street
Thursday. the following tiok place.
showing how "good" is nut alwaysI
the best:
"Hello. Jimn! How'* tr'cks?'"
"Gooad." answered M1r. l-vell.
"Where have you beeu for the past
two weeks?''
S"Ujp to ('rab Ortcharl. I h:tdl been
to (l.o iand necdtlid rest."
"I'hlat's goodtl."' said hlti-I, ;uand a
far-away look i'repli iiti lI:. er-s.
•"What were vyou n Ohio for'?"
"I went there to the bedside iof m\
d)ing father." sadly responded the.
ge-tleman.
"Good, good .again."' atsently said
KRevell. and neser nolticini thie look ,t
horror on the face of hlis rirnld lie
pushedl his white plug an anile farthlir
back on Ili s lea.lud.in wi-nt -allintg
down the street-- loel.r'.',: (',,rer
'I he R, east' tH hi.
liipkyin* came down to the i-lub aa.t
ight with a pgie;t lprobletn weiLir_
oa h' mind.
• 1 fIshould stalnd on my hr.xd.' sa:dtl
he. ooming tip to the bo.s with the a r
of a man who Ihn:s a pS -r. "-if I st:lndi
on muv head. thle blood all riisies ilnto
mi hea,l. don't it?"
No one ventured to coetradict him.
•"Now,"' continued he. tr;anmphatl-,
"when I stand onmyV feet, why don't
Sthe blood all rush into my fee1t '
**Hecause,' replied Mis Ct'usbannir
an's brother, '-because, Fltpkins, Viltlr
feet ar not eampty."
The hbys all laughed, but Flijlkins
. aid e couldn't see aty joke.--Ly,:u
Win. I. Cm Oinp OasI. alewlrd at t! e
'h I5.mm IM Lhms W o hitsew4 Ve ktr':
i e s h aJl cpht h slies
TiE RHI",D ISLAND 'LAM. a
It, ltisto}ry from th- oer:a.n a4d :o the Table. r
As at ,resent served a clam dinner ii
preparcl I,) till. as it often is. tro:n: t,
Ltve n o fifteen or t\werty thoiiald peo- s
pie :n the (our-e (,f : few hours, is a
t s1uieulu  :a r, anald from the li:,l - ti
tiln up is a wrk t, btte'vlmired :as a (.
ihole anii w inderetd at ill its (!eta;Jt ,
:irid tIc of I tI.( thou-a. ids nlho in the
(tour;e e su, ::r so .-on sit down 1
!to c dii I 1111 " s a :l1icet:l the work
i(nt:itatil .:2L.t- p:'ie i i, . F.r-tand
fto t : J -t.. !" . ' r 1 ' i c u l"+ s i2(!' t, j,
:har,.- i.s t h c-'ri. . , - of I!the ilatu
used at Ithe sol.r r .-oil- of NS:arragan- t
st-it i:iv ea:Iii' li the !lat :acr,-s the e
hay lr,'in Na ::it. on to:e Cot:ulumllt e
,hirt :,:a l n a ,, it(` s e ,ri a . A-s. far
uti :ts l'a ta l t\ t ::I rl a i tl., t .:bihn's
pan t ,, t ']e:th;- are t',, ;- ete(' hard, a
'ue sheiled" atanl iri:ti: but across at 1
Bullo,,.',k a ,,:nt i:wy are g,iold. and 1
the blillo k i. : 'r s it, thic;r clams (.
Ir: ' :h t hltuic. TI o, th'1" ldi of the |
tclamslS are go: Iby "t l.ur::inf.' The
cl:tn-gau:t wta- -s oi t tr I l ' bI d anid
:-hotri .- ti;, as :d1tn.1i ('i:::Up acnd lCVe 'y- D
thin' tl ihat a-',olte i :I',: r into b;g wire
basl a-. ,lch. h wh lt rn ;!,aout ful!, are c
lifted out of( the watter, anad a rinsing
anmt shaking t a-htes out the mud and
lea\t' tihee laats. Ir'. iilcn :dt a to
aluten- to each basket, (ne tnitan shovetl
in(g it the tuotl. the -e tond ,t , itintZoutt
the l unes, a:, d ithi I,,oy' c n:i;.t : ' them.
(Cl;rnlie n vaLn (c, l a ((ae done :a about
blal-t:hde, wlen the warter is two or
three leat deel. as, by trhe time the
workmi;:n tlis; toi put his hra:d iunder I
wat(-r wht.n he bends over at shovel t
ing, he %,, i has to Iiv, ifs the- job.
t he s51, t ,n on the hiOvels i- tremen
tdolls. andll tij e ar :itle (ext c ionall t
stra'n. When there are gotd tides,
on the full and chlante of the moon,
the cl.as nmai be raked out alter the
manner of non-professional: digcers: r,
slhovelul of mud is turned lip at the
time, and the claims it conltains are
raked out with the clan-hoae. Con
sideration of e!ther of the al o e meth
ods is suthlicnt faor a trt;e uInd(er-atand
ing of the haprainess of the clam at
high water. The clan ortlina:tril lies
inll thle u'lnd ftoll two. to eIhten
inh ies: a tlam that wo-tull _urr itself
imuch deepelr than elghtea, .nches is
not to ie looked upon w;th Iavor. It
is a w,.arinr life tihat the ca!am dig ers
lead. workinz as they, ,! trive or six
hours at a time in the :at,.r, and so
hard a; to lre <(outautly we t with per
ljirativot.
Capt. .1. II. Northrup. who has been
the capltain of the Itr.:Lv point clam
gang for omne eleven \ears., and has
I jrobla:v handled more clawtu in his
lifetime than any other man in Rhode
Isl;tand. gave "T' ,Jurir,, a. reliresentative
some interesting facts about the busi
neass. lie said that at Rocky point
alone last your some 4,:0(,.) buIshelt of
clams for the bake alone were used.
His regular clan agang is seventeen or
e:ghteen imen1. t on b'I dal s it is
necessary to incre:a-e the force to lifts
:or sixty mten. This sear the clams on
(;reen's dslant are oanly one year old.
and are readyv for the bake-a remark
able case of clam arowth. It appears
that when thi clanrs are in great
abundance they grow very slowly, and
those used last sear from (Green's
island were about three ears old: but,
being few of them "'set" one year ago.
they grew lar-e enough to t-e very
rapidly.
"1)o tie clats ever run out before
the season is ended?' was asked the
capt:an.
Oh(). ves: atal then we have to look
somewhere rcIse for them. Now. this
sear, baefore the season is ocer we
shall 1arotbaily have t) I hae cur pres
cnt Ilaee ::n.a dig over in ( ol'; river
and in the Kickeniuit river. Those
will be 1la, :chaset ts t lanas. of course,
but they are ll;aoredl w.th IthoJe
Island i ater. Alreadylv the clais on
(Gren's island are thlinning out. and
on thie 1st of Augu-t I shall raise the
-,ay of i:r .en. I hey get S I cents a
butnhe; rao., and their lpay wall be
raised to ~1 per Iushel. 1!o 1 expect
the clams will get run out entirely?
Well, not just yet. anaI at present the
prospect is something wonderfal for
next s ear. I never saw such a 'set' ot
clams as are all along the short now:
if they all lived there would be enoutgh
clarts to sullpply the world next year.
Just come with me and take a lo(k."
The tile was about half in, and the
mdnd-lats were seattere. over with all
sort. ot refuse.. hrlIs, atal weeds. The
captain bent down andi picked up what
looked at tirst like a minute, broken
off hit (,f clatu-shell, liut as at la" in
his hand, a closer look rev-ealed it a per.
feetlv-formed clam-shell, a beautiful
object, not as big as a ably',, little
tin'er nail, as white as alabaaste. and
the light showing pink through its
delcato substance. 'The least pres
sure would have cru!shed it to almost
invisible atomn. "bfhat's a elan."
Ssaid the captain. "thaa'l:s maJ be tlhree
wees olhl. anad you'l1 lind millions
a"Iout helre. .As qui.ek as they get any
size they will ibein to burrow down
Sinto the mud. The whole shore is
covered with them and in all my ex
perience of thirty years 1 never saw
such a 'set.' Thley are so thick that
the l)rospcat i- they will not grow fast,
and it will tal:e two or three years for
them to get b;; enough unless they
die oft. A nandfutl oi these will make
more'n a bushel when they are grown
t up." A careful look over the mnuddy
S-tach revealed there beautiful mninia
ture clan -h-!ls set without a trace of
Sn:eat within thenm in huindreds, and a
microscol'e would have shown thou
sands where the few were visible to
the nakea1 a. e.
As the men arte pa:id for the:r dig.
gin., ly- the itnshel, i iis evident that
on skill :ntl hard woirk db-petnds the
anion t ,if lriaateV ti I d gitar gets,
iwhlile "chrllr ini"'+z it \' e:n-la tl m ore
lrotfitah!e tIhan *"rakin;g." lver
i shore res rt has it- thoroughbred dij
ager, who can get more clams in a
tiven time Itian anv other man. One
MI arcellus lall, a big nero, had in
it ls d(a. a rl.eorri t, be proilud of at (dig
e :ng .:nam. aapt. No; thrip says that
he as n illlng to back WJliam Kitneuinm,
a iaaii iii,,, It':- LeIa I '"ars w th hlnj,
I a the ichar ,,' i.:- I , tl n er of the lI sa
with: a r ta cnd toh -ct.era elt has ai
lIckL p; ,n' : . r,.lelt':itii,n to bti enviedl
in hI. '!ta -e:a i rt l- .a.-n- .
t 'e!!. on, Ihe c'anias are out of the
, waver and ,n ti,:1 tlMaha, they are towed
tohore. nherle i'.te Lt- e ii iled in a
* shied prkickel art-. :abd careulliy wash
*ed. F:r- o .i; - u(:- La alre cnp;(, ed
S i'otstantl- !:I -i a.rk .. the !a-'er
reor:-a . "i. ;:.'!:ar;ttion of t.:e ale
oa w;i:.Ih ;lh,- -:,u.s are to hIake is the
next step. an:i lihis l- donle oi mtuch
the san:e al-n everI where; a pile of
Swood is la.d. cia ''tar\ I.aver of which
oilblb-tl:race are p'l:ead. and the burn
in. ot the i-twl lien's tire stones and
r Innaka, tlha',n rt-:tvi to have thlo clams
thr(wn ,'n tloa. At aocky point,
ins:tet-al of t lutlr the uai:e on tha
Srorun,:d it is Iait, on a snrfa~e of s'one
tlcenrntcd aithl I!r cl-i, and some
such pllan I.ns ben e ,adopteld in other
- plIce, Thii [t i"llowu ;s 1f te sltst be"
ti ~ngptlet 0' altr the rWoIo lsOon
ititflthi IID patle Wt~ut vIlatP r'
aRshes, when the stones are piledu on it C
again. Over the hot stones a mass of
rockweed is piled, and the sight of a
line of waiters with tubs of clams be
tween them rouning 'It breakneck
speed for the ,ilre, fortming : circle tit
about it, and emptying the tubs on fry
top with ta ,,n'-ertetd effort. is familiar. u'
()Over the Mhol the can\as is laid, sea- Ctr
weed is heaped, and a tragrant steam let
arises front the pile. Twenty minutes K
later the clams are ready for the table. i
The Rhode Island clam is, alas. of
goitng out of use for chowder. It has st
too lnuh grit in its belly, and when it is to
cut uip it make- a chowder not agreeable n
to look at and so a bout two-thirds of the
chowtdhr clau:m are quahaug--so to ,f
express it. Old-fashioned people say .,
they like the longneck claws better, at
but the ,junhau gs are white and clean 1I
and patl:ta!,;e thus prepared, and of t
late \lars have come into general use. r
If the visitor to Rocky point should
chance to stroll down towar.-l the
beaeh behind the lalndr-honloe he ,
would discover near the water an old .
shed. Ag.tilnt the side facing hint is t
a huge pilel of qcuahaui shells. and
through a slit that runs the whole
length of the shed qutahaug shells are
flying out in a way at once mvsteriottus t
antd startling. But behind the opening
is a bench, and at the bench are three a
or four men open ng quahau's for si
chowder. "'cut-outs" they call them. tl
and a few of the l:.rgest clams are also '"
cut out I,,r the same purpose. The L'
qu:haul g ctmes from Edgartown. and
a schooner ,rines two hundred or three i
hundred bushels of them every fort- in
night., which are emptied in a shed ci
where the water constantly flows over ut
them. Quabaugs "grows". close to
the surface of the mutt and are raked ti
out the same as oysters, or may be
"*,rod out" at low water. Three hun- ,3
d red gallons of chowder make an aver- i
une course for a rood-sized excursion it
party. Patent ge'am choppers chew "
lonznecks and littlenecks into tidbits t
in no time to put into caldron.
As for fish, that is cut up and pack- ir
.d on grates by the half ton in two t;
cens. C('lam cakes swim about and
fry in a small pond of melted tard on
toll of a big oven, and two hundred
pounds of liquid lard bubbling and li
sizzling float the hundreds of cakes: b
one man drops in the dough from a
huge tin dishtul, and a second is em
ilo,led in turning them and taking
thets out. Five barrels of flour per t
week represents the average consump
tion of clam cakes at a well-patronized
re_.-ort. For the other details of the
feast, melons and potatoes are bought
by the hundreds and oart-loads; bread '
:s baked by the hundred loaves in the
proportion of 500 white to 2.') brown
loaves: butter is laid in store by the
half ton; and between twenty and
thirty waiters are required to serve it r
all up in the large dining hall.
The shells are about the only things
Ieft afte'r a well-organized excursion
party has attacked a clam-bake. I hese t
are carted off and dumVed on some
stretch of waste land. ihe accumu
lated shells of a season of some ei~lht'
da's is considerable. They lie in the
sun until the following spiing. Then
they are spread over the road, and
prime roads they do make. The qua
haug shells make the best, and are
spread about the cotta·ers' highways
and in the more "'clect' localit.es.
Getting Even With a Dead Man.
-"Some flks regard the negro as
childish and simple-minded," said the
South Carolina undertaker, as he bor
rowed another match to re-light his
ci ar." but it doesn't always do to
look upon "em that way. It was only
r last week one of 'etn beat me out of
$11i as slick as gres.se."
• "Well, 1 was sitting in my office,
a growling about hard times and the
dislike of people to fall into my sym
lathetic care, when in walke, a negro.
lie was the picture of health and a
e jolly fellow.
t "llow's times? says he.
"Poor, says I.
e '-How much for a coffin for me?
r says he.
t '"When?
'"To-day.
h *"I'll give you that coffin over there
Sand see 'ou put under ground this
afternoon for $1l, and that's $10l off
Sthe regular price.
I "D)un, says he, and he put down his
- "Well?"
- "Well. I'll be kicked to death hvby
n rubbits if he didn't hang himself with
in two hours, and before night I had
Sto hurry him!
*SNo.'"
'Sure s yvou're born. He had plan
ned to suicide before he came in. I
got oven. though."
it Io
. "Resurrected the stiff and sold it for
S4, and put the coffllin back in stock."
s -Ltrotr lec Prcs.
3. -etting Em Up in China.
is One of the greatest drawbacks to a
c- contitlued residlence in China, accord
w ing to some Americans, is the fact that
at there are no side doors to the bar
t, rooms, a circumstance which renders
r Sunday a very dull day. This is ac
5 countel for by the fact that there are
e no bar-rooms in the kingdom. Excise
a commissioners are at a discepat, and
Y white-aproned young men sith dsa
- mend pius and black mustaches are
tf nknown. On almost every corner.
a however, there is a '-tea house,"
a- where convivis Chinamen sit on tea
to boxes, talk polities and help them
Sselves to any loose groceries that may
Sbe lyina about.
st Instead of two friends greeting each
e other with, "'Come and have one withl
- me. o!e man." the dignided C'hinamen
Swalk sedatel,' into the tea house and
3 ask for "'Two teas-have them hot."
" Then they do not throw dice or match
Spennies to see who will pay for them,
IC but each man settles for his own tea
n in the regulation Philadelphia style.-
"John Itussell ]'oug.
S When I)e:aleations Were Rare.
' A New York plalr of August f,
t 1S4. contains an naccount of a defsica
dtion wh;ch made a p,'ofonand sensation
in that day,. but would be of small ae
count now. The directors of a certain
hank were looking over the assets in
the vault.: andI coming acrross some
- uackages tlat were neatly done up
iUand bore the dlate 1S3 (ten sears be
r fore), it occu,"rrE-, to one of the number
to -xtmin, them. They looked al.
Srihlt a:it were indorstd with the of
lcial seal andll signatures of the bank's
of old pre;dent and cashier, both of
whom had died in the interval, but in
. place of the $.v5.,K0, that the packages
in, ought to Jave exhibited they were
found to contain onlh blank paper cut
u the size ot bank bills.--.Vw Y'ork Cur
r rep.nd I'hilawidelphia Record.
ne from tCept. i, 1~'4, to Felept. 1 lsa. 40:
nr IateA of cPottlou a..e shlljpd from Uacse'r,
., k ------ ..---- .----
- "A spo,'trdl s.- sIhe ansmi tl g.e.
f by the B ottoRnr'iea ti cttaultttag pablm
Cond:tions Requisite to the Preser
vation of Timber.
The cleale.t ol,eratil t," .tt ,, u'"r
wood1l, . mid1 quite .utfi:'ielt f1.- 1 e '" "'
1,, 4s. , i t. to ewti.--. 1 r t1L, so.l. a ; t .'e
t mllib e. , r .edl ciii. t hilt l :. t1,1 t.r l "h
fronm S to 12 p r  nl t. t}f. 't, .:. .t ti. 1 '
Ijil: and \h,1o in thi ii! ;
ircl, o: ti .tn r l t . l,,  ,
lct:r it ' 1 l a i. 1 ' I *. " 1, , ' .. :I.
woent l. !t L. 11t1 ]
lit -t gr " . .,
of ti , :n .1b . ill:!. 1 Ill 1 " 1 t ,'- 1
4..nv 1t'l. .
lr , . t . L - .1. \'
r itl:. ii lr i f.tti' . , ti
' I' !til l. : 4 , t 1 '0;il, I i' ' ' " ; 'I'". ,
rwth of I1
I"( . 'Itt' ,1e l til 1' I ; I ,, I". r" ",. . h ,
t , u t l ,r ' , "t t h111. , )A II h , ,l . "t' t:.- it
l,'. I'.l',.l. i ,' ll , ' li iii ' t I"f D- 1li ,, 'i'*
34.11 ' . o s n t c1.. .le If ' ' .
iid ,ratio n . To u1. t1 , i-i- - t -or
'.-l i.ll' t 11t4 . t 1. I: r te I tii, i r ll'l
pain' ":r ' t ,' :: non444111 . I ;.het.
I''-ltlt' i 1 lllf I l'' ",lt 1 4 .4 i '1i* ,lljt l4 L ,- :1 i, I s
crh-..e- thl. . l tri ervi, i ellt. I . ,
ithe ribr,, r t ic , e t in, orol i  lI.. " , . l.
11«CI rlI i th .e t siilt i ,tr l l.-' " I l ,4a 4 I ". ' t1':I ..i '
(r.' "i' .. . er114t ien of ne. t u"e . t C ' i
1.n4t41 wito G.lro. y Tar1r .:.1
re.i: prtIli' eli (lt ' eel 1in ll t , I.. ' . ii ','
4'rtti' n of ac '4 I- t. 'il atj'l ' . " I' tH' 1 r .
'rliao lf " the' c(nt-iiel' d P ti.:.'-i , t -, nit'l ... I
i tiel r.' x r epl tion ol t e . "It I.'iir. ttl a." , ,
lire ' tl I tit. I rot'l th",1 *
uret" i. ptrm ittedl tt (t:, ,l in . r:i t -T w it I1
the fibres of tie w11. okni rhlill elti i .i , 1l0,
r t, e t ,litr ! n t '- t " ,'"i; : r . ill
etxter'l'ior pr, 'tt'titiu "f a it:. ,; h .,t ,, ',
depth' , the l1t11tr ie t. , ,- u i ".
twile illt, I. 1.- e of 144 :t1' ..f le ,, i4 . lut , . ..
whicrh I ha1 te ii .'l 1. ', li. Tn i, i:.t 1.'.1' i,'
t -ieatI utl: t ii.t lln '"f nc,!, *:,:.t " -!1t , lltli
germll - ~ ch hl:l t, f44 u0 ti. , .I , ,I ir ,.
from the e~x1trioi.- l'p , ! , r .%1:i I 1
e'4' 4it 'iv 114 11114 1 11114 Ii. I."
Worse Than Duns.
Fri e d Iwho hal ' :111 1 n thi i'i , .r
literary paper - - YV \ u re41 , i. ,I. rit :I IhiI
let of le.tter I t' tte.
444itor I i lhin tY ,.
(pointint- e '\ l l , t , , 1 '.1 1 : ,, e I 1 h,
- ,litt'r -"It ' 'll , .. r It. e w'lit-they containt' I'l I,
lS ditir' - Ili4 . no, I wi- h b i,. . 1-i.
Friend-- "W
Edit,,r-"lDetani the c tt, il , thi-t
orsie 'll tlit t.. 31 1 i Ih 111' e" .I'i'l '
El ditor "' Thisi iS llh. i . 11, I:,' 1:" il l
'tici dii en . llr I ]la e wril'' It i..- nu' .tl ",lr "f
S4ic. tihat have I',, , hit1 ' i pr';,r i-,1 4 l ht tt1'14
literary frie.il, ' so 1II . I' l.-ciheL I tl i,1i e
tn living ,ll.ei: I l}te . I ,ila . k l..' r in. l
hand w 1hich I w11 ln ll lil.'e ' ,, t, !:-t thJ . ,I- l
ulln, fii your i~nina l' pay' 1t - . I,'i,..s ' lot
nc iknl n if ' 'u unll t, it. `". fri,'r,1 . 4~.4 ay
that it is er'i', n . n i. I li(' .'4- r "111r l
it thistl. ai t l it i 5 i 4 14 i.f . II( 1t4 t414. 134
Ialso have on l tla t(I lit of lothei r pl , ., It
lnoil i r u letr ui t ill f41 i. it ' . (i ) 1 tI: rit ' andI I
eel th' at it will Is, n troll't l hl l in 1tIt l t:ilrn
ain liv ing bIy ri " ilien . In fa ct. I h :t \, , n u
taste for the d' !il ati,,l h i, k lof ,
everyday lifei. anid loni 1 .4o4 in th,.' ri iht
en pYvt'ani heights o- f lit.iitittre. IfI tiu
wAnHit uil li piecit's, ptl ..ani ht i- l.lt'ow,.' -
'Now .th leb . ito.r (.teilt i . do 11 Il.ue I
til -hella p toe hilstelf I I he l h .
Dr. Burchard Sald "Ah:
.hauong th( patients :.t t!1' N.ewt JL 1er
tlania llt i - , llt ie 1 orri ll, P a~ltin .is ,.a' ail
who is lujectei l to ,'Try littl, rIeltri int ll d
I No e : ii c i, only occa-ii,,al; ll, ilti li
4,hda, 14441an f',t'e" lrt t'd o t 4. -tl3o di 1.s 1 l Itr 1 to
1" 'l. 1]1ai 1,. 1i11', e.l ti. : ' Iln , 134 t4.4. t4
L Tho aIIt a thr t ]ii lhe t ,itli. ,- I.t \\'l4.l ,n
M u111ro. Pt's4,1 t eitly Ih,.'. 3 .4,,41 t41 , t4 It ibh i'
i ilittan Ired hitltit a1!!, I,," 41 14 4 l " 1. I rt -
chard re.,n izI''l I rii. : ,.I n ,.,,n "f i i,,rmell r
eii hearty l I l nnelili.'' lr cnd r teI it t l kr.e I
1Well. wflat b4 'i-ligs. 4i h ier.'
".Runl , illmanitl antd i,1inlli ,l. w,. 4t1i
wth ninr.illsp,l ,4 oi4 - th, p4 tient lho 41 lI',
4ink ed 4at the r te I t I'n.
" u.!. id i ethe tl4 . ctor I ..det on.
-New York .erahl. 'i
A Girl of Eight-Six. a
At ,'clock her flwe, raprn,'. A.t 41 sht.
and theirsndetr wer loingS "d a 'tarid lpatty.
"Vl..a u nb . oil v .4 ed r li.t thu 'ln the'i 4l,4\.
Just pIeuf iLn 1114 Tme 1.h 'Ihr the, tr,.
then put theat. hi e r't'ri'eereti- ,ri l hiLr
roses. Well. I will w,.ar iy w i. ', ..e
siik. I a ill l 4,p yn cut 'eir e hoti r Ii ,loi rl,.
Othen soate 14| 4 t il in" ll.rk hian ir. "
And hi e hs a d f0.,li4 hi4 1444441 t44 , 1 h,1.34 with
't11r4 ltii t Iunii'h ex 4wlie-i. yiiw. die i tet l i el, r
a ive the11 i 1141 . 114 cl44 ,, .34 h r 441 ,- int
'weet1 in!lh. ber,. i i 4u,1ht l ,,4 hie rt4.s
lhat h atd .hoond i-r 44r.
That niiht ,hi nl tly tila .ke hhim.
't14 little 3.t4t11111n1 4, 13iid h,? e hy- i, ' i f
colir le -'e ' twlie'ld h14r .-,tI 1 hi,4 rt. ' rn'd
ho wii ith ith prize, | l o au lf tnlO .
Che r 7r vthet re
m. t l indt in 1ie Ur L hlw. he
Ti v f.li *h liii ,.- tI nc h rl, lift,.,I n a
hd given it.--Kbaseoh ('ii v Til?.
Ten Days for TalDine Irith.
,ulhnl. a n fi a tL h thu"" wI . t OX l
lThe sime a in 1.Engli h. hID3". Th ,f
" l la i 1of thI iirih, Xt-r hifl,,
"PhLt Ca hat. s er honr" s
"It mEanS ii E;glish t,- R.PI.- ChN- .T
CU".1 RE, IuS thi.t' O wl e t im ci-, : Ir
S T!rD]." . C !lsp-X ii . e ,t. .
t b q0ri-u all tiseae ofphe
LfODD, LItae. ifOfa
ASs41 mtsktheb78yL*.
v.5 am el. heariaters. __
**. (lomno eeoeoks. (
I iii
1· , Loui- ,,z !; h ll.:, ;- Ab ,• :
h b-r I an l it. iu.
i !i It, i ;,, I: h. 4 . Ili te't.a
1 I. I, ', - ...i Ir . . ..1 i
\ .  r.i , , p .' r I ;111 , " . ' t.I1
\.Ir 1 I It , tt-I., Ii>: ,tr ' t,  ;it. .l lll , .
1t r \. i.
The Land t Chance.
I r ", i :iii 1i ..:llk I:ll .', lit i . 1 1i ,~' ! lr .1
i 1 .I it ' " ii" ' : ..tli . 1 .i." I I i 1' t. "t t,1
ilkttL 11
.i :i.. .ii 1...te .iit I l'- uii'i .tt
, iu. i l,, - iti.. ! . tt , ,'It .
' i 1 1 '; , , ib , 1 b , !i ' 1 tl , a r h·i
hiC . tt-, ue\' \t hbl i ng l ) D. Cl ;i - Eta b il hbet
Iu '. w hI ,,,I 1. r 1 .. I -.. , r ,. 1" h111;1 ,_ .
t !e a. ...i.. ;w. k . 1 ll t -11' , ni. Ilii. P lu .
, -Bl i 'il I noiill" iit i' I' . .'il-r h I u,..i ii -
a c.it te !',\1it 't.. t I. l i .'1 i'sw t 'I . o t he
--I-------
Jack and the Sharper.i
ln.. ;i,' ,i:,nl . Fnz Th D. i . era r t air i'
Briow n'als i .|,1 'k Ii.'t l ir on rllll.r.
t, , a .. , at,, m it,- ; u h " ,,"a t t 11 wt , . " .l
. ;I awi l st , t :,tla i a 'uaad ,lnh*itn ;,' . li a ae,' -
Jii k i b bits I a ta touha an t Sae
': . 5 \t h.l. , a tll.' t :..oJ. hmll ' . \. 1~
1'. ,,,'a ifI 'O_ , 1- ni . f a erEI,,"I't 11, - "h ,,
}t. l, 1 h .i , " , 1 h .1 1i e s t uar; , ie lak, all'.
5i i t 1]la1 1 . .'4'l a'il k Iu. ' 4 .' l au hi "1- -th
, ' , I hiti l \ . t. ,,i r y
I.". Io T.r.e. r".1.11.ol t I ( 1
\ nl e ,.ll. .ta .m alut I ir  I ka,.t*li. dlina
h, _: " , - !,", . wl'. h u ' aln ll.- " hi.
",O I W Ik-Oth , 1 .IT,1 1,1 a " n.l In ti.
! 1L th t) 1 bryt." Tahel Stat l himp mit
til ,ta,. i nel whnIl i ir. l " a obst I , .-rtd ,,
. t:, . , , .:. ." Il a " h, ',,ly .. l* l ti ""t. ' 6 '."111
soer Ih r 'nt ' th ee Shambai
-k -l tii. h ou i n .ie h '"" t , Ta.lis i11
* b.* I ll 1',u1 t. ldere q.i,1. the un a tbinarimlt.
I 11 - ,1. ' "'te5 I tm u-it -,4 I a'li4 baid
th p!f it "mt . I ' lb ati ot i
.; t " t,' i'thmri :. L -\ l B ia.(n rt .
\11 .,ea al. . In a . b O i. 1.1 .1 L t .line
t I. Atd u npLe asgd h.- iPOm d retd.
--1e t ie aw fti'. fill- 1'.:1'a ' 1 1 t thel l ,' t title
Shtli chllan il li,, itt Ill :r 'r .-hr.1 ..rea
hta h ai lia Lh- " N. t 1: : in T sra-.
PATTr Onr btained by Lewis Rager
ln.,. Attorneys Wabinlton. D. rC. Establised
,- lt 1l  lllrit hr 0 11. t. ,that F:nir.n .
t hl e t  it ,: . It; It fll .trir l - 1. reat
l I t o ( l. i ln h, t e. i .
t n it t!.. lleIfriIr
T g1 1.1 ." . . . ll4. 1. ~ i t t to ..aur>M
toit li.(lati", nre t r ,,id lit -- withou t 41..
1tl.: r i th wllO i . or ..r'ii n II,.' 1/e 1,44 1l
1..I.t t. ,! ",'1r ."; 1 441t'1r."1 L . '
Th. intr i BBrow L'st Ir. "4o, 1o;1
folvaluab'e for -0.11 Forms
lpreadind.
Brows II Iro
hi: ulehl w pak etCL 'l itir
med trhiea.k It ! rO'.' nlTTEr S
km aiedf igesl. B mm "eaLkem.
i* Bark -rLimb !1Elledle and Cne rd.
BROWla'S IROA BITTERS. .":
The GOssine bOa Tree aL .ad rment set iass
r aar-r T*ar SO (l*M AmRAP
S ýBS LICKE R Wý0.
In~ '·l· t"FtmltW·stbgmlm·mpyeuaIsIfI~Ct·tC'Mt 1ICBnP.RACD~
t5rVi4~e. & w"r,+lf tat.....e w ewaer endse ilk. mTb.1 I i r teKD
ay...1. T.1 I .+"..,+1* auadri.4ratx.rnn drli Lwi p 10l u.. in t ' h. l s1.4ar*
,44.w.. CCCL I t{k RA .r theyri-t BR .DR " stn t5S· fd Iakef eothbr. I*f bs·l .:º; I
tsim sinev seiw 1nrttit m..evtsieegjeu It J lttWR St P Ntem.., h1 /toms
T- -h ^R. . -.------i "k_
tC .ih'i Iil hearsr-. l a rcositil cane (jru"ulrb iC~t ft '
C.k Ueh .4n~ti. tl.. l .d:waIotwO. DOSE: OftE L l "!- t' I x:.: r,^ n
SEep. lity t't:mu~:eihe Ltih.'rr u"'rit act t73.IyOlthuE.. ct.. "
eta tc.:lout r..p!: g r~cieo~rir the 't~rlmacb. o: weukerF, r'. E. Litt V1 ·
tbe a' siet. Paie 26c. Pse Bottle. For sale b, all raflpits.
How natty tertibe scbee coos to'w bhed "Pa the tnds nh rse'd ot
ba. and wh"at .alfering a eausid iy theme pa se Tw
headache. Relief may be had fron IPiereow. a.ewi masIW a s ts/'M
ccun~w, or tilc adache by th ttuc of StPr DS si. Wa
WhSsMh is not a ttsre~shl. Pit flte u... TItr..ai!'r to v rl -pane
iiVtK 1 CI.. YCcre for NecLTAri 1 t551 t4 ,.- .r" :n e" iasP »
BeadacLF, tsa $?6':. ýhr..m.Wsl, tit. &Pas LpIlr v "t tt~li aarpr Opatlr.. .L
cýD c >~:::a Ti D. Ca:a.001
sod Gout. lie pVpreta..y wedsizCe trI ev T 1ýa i ,C . . .w ý
otalA "Boo eo strO radeH.Mo Alm Ute em I
145c3"51 Frabs Twohiac wtr hleaa,M 3Eui7btinl
793 "1 by ALL [email protected]" piE owsm PR U pou&Ri'b flu IOI
A. A. MI bIIP 5 Bti 7 . , 7 ;l S " WARIIT" ( *1Jl STR 1i
Sure Cire for IRnlIumait,
-st are "
*: : t ia , 1 1 :1 e ,  ,,"! ,I :j,.. , ;, .
.» ta . ,lt i t 1 .\ I t " ' -li kl
, ..u ht . ," 1 . i - ,.r..
i I 1 . . .. , .. r : : ..1
Prompt ton Aetlor, Int %o Ruralnstrl,
l'i, l ) .1 4. L.I
I. L i I
the ,.,a rai"n; ,uti . t
Th,,itu.ps - : \\ t`'. l .
",,) lt'lII K.
p '"''.1 r Lt 11 I4
- lrd ,.n . il I, n lr.l.
iedl lat Tu .ed , i. ;:' i n . ;!. Irr. h at oB -
al league.
Be merciful todunil anllnals. Heal
all open Pore and tutu with Stewart.a
Heaing Powder, l5and5 )ce1te box.
cpDIARRH A'.4
JDDIS.1-UBJE(.'*
*(PIIAklm3al h KINYDý
N't1 OAMILYSASAE ,J
11AVINQA AB0TTLE-.P
WI8IJ' iAS RACM.
IT IS-A.SAFEk"PEEtETI
• --- ,_ .ua.
:1,)l ualm ,liml
HOM E-TI I -% ,l/:1. , i.,ll Bb 11t'ldl,.%
HOME:,H,,," .. ..
M eeres Pilotwr, p tsItIar,' r for iim.
M eerbllaln r.(.C. Moore, l i.cty
OPIUMa "s. T '4.l5Ni. L ba VI.
SNlIII u ertc Ln .-,-n usnsm
i .~Mtý)PlNM //w1ºfalr it l tettlf
EEUrFllUiula s.ilt I ti l
petl t rc  I.4awl -t o PAY x s4l
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FRAZER
AXLE GREASE
in I. ml tamlg UII. V. ii. Leuls. kid -.

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