DEVOTED TO THE WELFARE OF MADISON PARISHII
VOL. IV.--NO. i. TALLULAII, MADISON PAR[SIS L., SATUR[DAY. FEBRUARY 5. 17. TERIMS---8. PER YEAR
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
-John Kay I'a1l Henry B'cht w,-resen
teacedto imlprinulto"nrt f ,r life K'leunhiday
at Jaspr Ind.,. fir th , ki|zt if .Jhin Hart,
eoJ Odi mal. on the 2Ith oif laat Decet
-Cardinal Gibbons was hanqneted Wed
mleday evening by (ie,r g Bancroft. the his
torian. Among the guestit were ~neretariea
Whiatne and lBayard, andl .e!atore Sher
as. BSetk and Evarts.
-The high altitude and fr,--ty air of
egasdCamyon br,ought lhe nrrha,#, ,e lf hi
p Lieut. .chwatk:. H,: bal
sbonedhis park trip ani is lying at
inthH[lot Springs. The rest of the
Slt ea on.
.jI Kane, a young blood of Atlanta,
Ga., d his skuU crused by Mr. R. R.
Naw- Wedasday , .g nr. IKane
-- I -Mr... 5 eM p .ng apartm ent
a . ea thatgentlemen suddenly
Iater. with the poker.
--rea Sheal, Fairmont, Neb.. forged
two som. He nared detection and was
e yrr he did it. To pay the dept of his
crime he uhang imeell.
-Arebbishop Corrigan bhas published his
easons for removing Dr. McGlynn from his
pastosate in New York.
-The four Pinkerton mep charged with
the murder of Thomas Hogan, Jersey City,.
t erm aded to jail for trial
-Tie supporters of the anti-Mormon
il think thiy detect an intention on the
part the president to veto the measure.
-Policeman Charles D. Adams, New
York, let two prisonersm escape from the
Tombe. He pave chase, fired two shots,
aled a Italian named Ganoic and hib
-The itimsns of St. John county, Kas.,
wro the mame of the connty changed to
-. P. Lytle, a onearmed soldier, after
obg the once of postmater at Decatur,
, ~12yers, has been succeeded by Hon.
-h1 eonumltation at Topeka Monday
between the oicals of the Atchisop, Tope.
a and Sant Fe Railway and the commit
helrom this place was eatisfactory to all
parties. The route through here as shown
tihe eurveyor' report is to be about
ee.artee of a mile longer than by the
ther, four mil, north, but is more than
esm sted for in the matter of curves,
eta. It is the general impression.
by the oecial themselves, that the
ad ill strike Carrollton.
-be (lC sago, Kansas and Texa" Rail
Iusd li for a bridge at Kansas City.
iMh lj. Warner is pushing, has come
Geklem the War Department with the
sl dof the engineers, and will be re
S stýoroably by the Committee on
:,.l_ r of War has sent to the
wlM iadorsement noting his die
a pltion by enlisted men, ask
tlat the t athorising a retired list
a iVlUs and non-commiselosed oil
s umaded so as to reduce the period
5.he Ito t wety-five years.
S-A Isemttee represmentng the Conenli
Clil+illho& weer' Association, consist.
tl am. D. W. Smith. Springfield, Ill.
.. A. Towers, Kansus ity, and
I. L anders, of Chicago, called oa
" ClSevelan d Saturday in company
A' lepresetative Springer, of Illinois,
lmemed as much pleased with the re
'b1 ae theie interview. The President
ghliegreat interest in the pending legin.
a bs hr the suppressi ir. of contagious
l .pueumonia,. and " I very favor.
"lbtmp1amed with the views of the cattle.
pe l upn the subject. The disposition
i lilterstate commerce bill in the Houro
: wIroves en caoe of delay in the consider
V "i' l dl Mr. Hatch's proposed amsndm-4k
S-(ttSLarea of Animal inlustry act, and
: esm.ittee of cattle-growers, while urg.
Sthe passage of the Miller bill in the
are advising all the friend. of legis.
pon this suhject to support Mr.
's measure in the House, to the end
m uere rapid progres may he attained
' -Ireusman Culbertona of Texas has
A eoaaviaeed Attorney-General Garland
4U tthe letter is all wrong ia his opinion
Sthe coal leases in the Indian Ter
-.l Laster, of Lester & Allen'a minis
I % has been arrested for abandoning his
W H. Tosy Pastor went on his bond. His
a,y is a cripple and is supported by the
' -A p.a of jaildelivery was frustrated at
Pm, Te., by the timely discovery of a
1L181 ht in the iron floor. Thirty of the
R eriminals in the county were in the
S smeto borrow to treedom.
-It is popoasd by seeralm historical so
ells that thegsovernmenteecure a full and
aeerate diset andestalogue o bll e
emmts Wound in Ruropena arcives,
an the early hstory of the United
-As Italan. ltoae MYsl, Chcago,
Io have lied a eavest hr the inven
m:l She tlep*bose yer.m Ieore Pmf,
deek a thought ol th, thing. The
ilt~ validity will e heard i the Chicaglo
-hpsthe-. from Rome state that
a r If. iGya hamr written a secret letter
--Ivstie at Glenbeig. Ireland, werf
t Sstardlay on account of the
UWsrpfhab to Hoke,the Peoria
-·-lemny Il.treoluin a •eneral sv.
teo iqrouad wires a palrt of ie:
* m.-herry from her hustand.
ndeerad ov* the pripd
pbolicy of the ruited States.
Sih iof the Second Berlina
1 ll ameing and re plved to anp
Iewa for the Reichstamg
tl Maeebei tne e to tanak
<r reclub hlie graod
, mbanme . C The enter
a m. dise at the residlen
of the fLeing
teag el the Masouri
-Turkey has recalled thegovernorofCrete,
owin. to the o)pposition of the people to
his ;administratiin, and has appointed
Antl.oi.ulus Effendi. a more popular man.
to replace him.
-A dispatch from Tonqluinsays that Col.
Brie.leil has carried th.- rebel position at
Mikea- Thanr-lHlea. and that .3t4) insurgents
wert killed. The French were pursuing the
- A dispatch from Bombay says the An
dnris are Ire-paring to attack the forces of
the ameer of Afghanistan in the spring,and
sent a ltseenger to l',eraia to ask Ayoub
Khan to, join them or sernd themaleader.
-The- b.-rli Of)tlitlal Gazette announces
that P'rof. Freytschke,. Gustave Freytag j
and .i,hann.s lrahbnt. the composer, have
been app:.,intei knights of the Order of
Mer:t. and Sienece and Art, and that
Guireppe Ve-rei has been appointed a for
eign knight of the same order.
-Madrid is again excited over the revo
lutionarv confederacy. Government apies
have l-earned that Zorilla has obtained
loans to the amount of $400,000, and haa e
been ploting for a fresh uprising. A secret I
meeting of the revolutinilst was held at t
Madrid lately to discuss plans.
-The execution of Thomas and his wife k
for burning their mother to death, took
place in Paris. Whenthetime came forthe
woman to die, a dieheartrending scene oe
curred. The woman strusgg:ed fiercely with d
the executioners and cried formercy. She a
bad to be carried totheguillutine. Theman h
umet his fatecooly.
A Labor war.
TAMPA, FIA., Jan. 23,-For fully two
moot::s trouble has been growing out of the a,
fact that the immense cigar erm of V. Mar- a
tinez Ybor & Co., of New York, Ybor City and u
Havanna, has refused to employ Cuban cigar h
makers. Their factory turns out about 900,000
cigars and cigarettes a week, and gives work b
to over 1,000 hands. The Cubans have a fed- g
ration, or trade unlon, and the Americans a
are all members of the Kanights of Labor. It
is between these two bodies that the had a
blood has been engendered, principally by the
refusal of Santoe Benitoa, the superintendent
of the factory, to listen to any arbitration pro. a
posed by the Cuban federation.
Friday a meeting of the Knights was held in ti
their ball, the exact object of which was not
made publc, but it was knorwn that Benites
was present. This Infurlated the Cubans, and t
they opened fire on the hall with rifles, killing
M. F. Martinez and fatally womdingfour oth- b
er Knights. The greatest excitement pre
vailed, and horses were galloped to Tampa for a
surgical and municipal aid. The steamer Mar
garet was closely watched until ner departure b
for connection with the steamer Mascotte for
Havana to orevent the leaving of the suspected it
assassins. The mlltary were pressed Into ser
vice and are doing duty at Ybor City. sl
Clrculars oerf i$7 a week support to union
men who will strike are posted over the city. ti
Three of the suspected Cubans were placed
under arrest In Tampe. The threats of lynch
iog have been freely made and unless a
speedy settlement Is arrsaged regarding either
the removal of Benltosaor his agreelng to the h
demand serious trouble must ensue.
Yesterday shots were frequently exchanged
between the Knights and Cubans and three
men are reported dangerously wounded, but
only the must meager details are obtained at
Ybor City, which has nothin but the Martinez
company private telegraph ine. Late last
night It was reported that the sospected Co
bans had been hanged by a mob. Their unio t
is over 1,000 strog and most serious results
are now certain.
HITHER AND THITHER.
A train on the Ohio Central railroad jumped
the track near Sycamore and rolled down an
embankment. Several persons were killed and
several injured. b
Madrid is again excited over a revolutionary
oonfederacy. Government spies have learned h
that Zernbilla has obtained loans to the tl
amount of $400,000 and has been plotting for a
a fresh uprising. A secret meeting of revolu
tionists were held in Madrid lately to discuss
Greece is busy with preparations for war. All
the arsenals are working night and day. a
Two children at Niagara Falls slld into a a
swollen sewer which runs under the town and u
empties into the river near the whirlpool.
They were ten minutes in making the dark d
passage, but were rescued by men at the outer
end, secured y ropes. Although apparently t
lifeless, the little ones were resuscitated, a
A passenger train on the Louisville and t
Nasbville road was wrecked near Hawthorne It
Illinois. by the explosion of the boiuler of the
locomotive. The engineer and fremen were
killed. and the expreas and baggage cars were
Rev. L L Luse. of Erie, Pennsylvania, has I
been lodged in jail ou charge of forgery can- o
mitted in Nebraska. I
Those Seminoles of Indian Territory who i
suffered liv the failure of their crops, are re- I
crlving fri,n the funds of the tritbe a sufficient d
sum to tde them over to the next harvest. I
The grand jury at Sioux City returned in
dlctments against twente-one saloon-keepers, a
eight of whtm were arrested and held to baiL e
T. B. Paunnell, sher it of Muhlensburg enan
ty. Kentucky, was shot dead at Paradise by b
a desperado, whomn he attemptedi to arrest for
The growing ease of money in London will U
doubtless cause the Bank of England to re
duce their rate of discoant But all the great
powers of Europe are openly preparing for
It Is stated that the ernit court at Clincin
natl recently declared the board of education -
of that city an illegal body. Only the cosm
sel heard the decision reenounced. and they r
have kept the matter st.ret because of its Im- f
porlance. hoping to secure speedy action by
the leieslature. a
President thaw. of the Hockling Valley
road. states that within a week no less than
St-l.11,, in securities and cash have been re- i
placetl iu the treasury of the company. d
The covernow of Virginia and a party of
friends are enjoying the winter carntval at
Dr'Le . Jan. 4.--Redmoon a member of
parliament, speaking at Ktlbury today, said
that if Englandl refused to redress Irish griev
anues constltutionally, there were strong arms
andl stout hearts enough in TipperarV and
Wex~rord to meet the enemies of Ireland on a
wilelv diilferent field. While Redmond was I
speakinir the crowd violentlr attackedl a gov- t
ernment reporter who was barely rescued by
the ,polie. t
The anugistrates befere whom the (;le-nt-igh c
trubatst ne-re triedi a'cqrlttetl the pr;e, uer.
Tto te:itst the hlillsiiles fr mileri aronndl a:re
alai1 - llth L b~onlires in houer tf te event.
},rit t,allce-ck- valued at £7,t'. were deriiv-t
ed ref their tail- hby unknuwu pe-Stns ,n the
Mares et f Waterf e-el'e Curragumere estate. I
Representattive George O. Cobb of Nod- I
way. a LReptblicias.n, introduceda bill in the
house Monday that creates a good deal of I
omnment anti a fair share ofmemrrment. It
will be of interest to saloon-kleepers bar
tenders and people generally. Section 1
says: 'Every dramshop keeper during the
-xistence of his license as such shall at all l
times and in ail phlces wear eonspieously I
exposed upon hlis leftbremtayellow-metal
badge, on the lace aide of which shall be i
legibly engraved in plai letters the worda I
detiokn 2 brin bLarkeepers within tihe I
provision of the act.
Beetles 4 mahas vielatles of tie act a e
Two Men Instantly Killed and
Seven Seriously Wounded.
A Nebraskan Died From the Ef
fects of Poisoned Whisky.
Four Children Locked in a House and
Burned to Death.
A Wife Puts Doctored Liquor in Her Hus
band's Bottle-Orime ampant.
A Terrible Exploelon.
PIrrsacao, PA., Jan. 4t.-A battery of four
steel boilers at Spang, Chalfant & Co.'s steel
and iron works at Aetnaborough, six miles
east of Allegheny City, exploded with terrific
force at 5 this morning, completely wrecking
the bar mill department.
Fireman George Patterson was instantly
killed. His body was mangled almoet beyond
recognition. William Corville, an employe,
was picked up from under the boiler in a dy
nlg condition. He was scalded with steam
and will not recover. Barkley Knocton, a ped
dier, was hit on the head with flying bricks
and painfuMy injured. M. . Willholland,
helper, had one leg hart, and was otherwise
slightly injured. Several others received
slight burns and bruises
The ruin wrought in the mill by the explo
sion was complete. The building was laid low
and the machinery was broken and scattered
in all directions. The damage to the mill will
exceed $0,'1ll. The cause of the explosion is
unknown. William Corville, who was so terri
bly scalded, died about II this morning.
Twelv. other persons were more or less inojred
by steam and flying debris. but none of them
will die. Engineer Williams says he tried the
guages ten minutes before the boilers burst,
and that there was plenty of water.
The following is a complete list of the killed
sand injured by to-day's boiler explosion:
Thomas Patterson, fireman, head crushed
and scalded. Killed lonstantly.
Willham Carville. tramp, scalded. Died af
ter being taken to the hospital.
Thomas Feether, rougher, badly hurt about
the feet, but not seriously.
Bartley Noughtln, puddler, cut about the
bead and badly hurt in the back.
Louis Clouse, watchman, cut in the head
James Evans, roller, bruised by falling tim
bers, but not seriously.
James Phillips, puddler, knee cut and hurt
in the back.
Andrew Rice, boy, cut in the head, injuries
Griffith Humphrers, boy, badly cut about
the head and back, dangerously hurt.
A Horrible Dose.
OAman, Nau., Jan. 94.-A special to the B.
from Bloomington, Neb., says: 'One of the
most horrible occurrences ever heard of here
was that which brought about the death of
Patrick and Charles McDermot, of this county.
A few weeks ago Patrick got drunk and went
to sleep out of doors and frtoe both legs and
both arms, which had to be amputated. To
day news was received here that both Patrick
and Charles are dead, the latter dying from
the effects of drinking the liqulr wl rhlick
his brother's legs and arms had been washed.
Killed by Their Mother.
OIL Car, Pa.. Jan. 4-4-The residence of H.
L Rose, at Fern City, was destroyed by fire
this evenhing. Four of his children were
burned to death, the eldest aged 8 years and
the youngest not yet able to walk. the moth
er was temporarily absent at a neighbor's, and
bhad locked the children in the house. The en
tire bullting % as in fames when discovered,
and nothing could be done for their rescue.
The loss on the building is $1,000.
A Nebraska Borgia.
Oxnat, Nsa., Jan. 24.-Ferdinand Knester
and wife of Wasser, Neb., quarrelling for
sometime and she has made several attemps
upon his life. On Saturday, as is suspected,
she put pon In his whisky bottle. Yested.
day IMr. Knester treated the family of John
Wherei from this bottle, not knowing it con
tained poison. Al were taken suddenly Ill
a.d Louise Wherer has since died. The others
are In a precarious condition, but it is believed
they will recover. Mrs Knester will be ar
CAnsow, Ga., Jan. 24.-Information has been
received at this place to the effect that on
Wednesday night live men in ambush fired up
on Andy Howard, of Yellowstone creek, In
Dawson county. One of the shots took effect
in his left leg, making an ugly flesh wound.
The men having emptied their guns without
death resulting runshd upon Howard and
stamped him so dlyd that his bowels protrud
ed, and death ensed in twenty-four hours.
lHoward had been a revenue Informer. and
was then a witUes in the United States
amrt agalast several of hbls neighbors, and
supiclon reats against certain men In the
aeighborhood, who have been engaged nla
blockading, as the ailty ones
A party of dleguised men fell upon another
revenue Informer In the district and eut him
np ibadly, but he is still living. The men sad
they itended killing Howard, and succeeded
A Peauaylvutl Flood.
R-atDIW, Pa., Jan. 24--Owing to last
night's rain all the streams this vicinity and
the Schuylkill river have risen. The lee in the
river broke this morning, a monster gorge
formed near Shoemakersvllle, above Reading,
sad was packed solidly iteen feet high the
entire width of the river for several miles.
The water being driven back, flows over the
suranroandlfr country. The river is still rising
and serious damage is feared. Many fences
were carried away and some live stoc*
Niw Yoss, Jan. 21.-The Unitel labor
county convention at its third ession to-night
adopted resolutionts declaring that the em
ployment of special officers by private indi
rvidluals and cororlations was a glartug im
posture, in vklation of Amerlkis liberty and
fundamental law, and that the Pinkerton men
were going from state to state committing
murdersfor hbkih none of them were ever
Sbrought to trail, calling upon Governor Hill
to stamp out the bloodstaoined gang
of murderous tramps who had dared
to establash their headquarters to the metrop
oils of the American civtllization: demanding
of the legislature to forbid by law the em
; plotment. as ipe-lal omter., ri men not clti
tens of this state and who have not lived
- three ears ain the county where they are em
pov an d all such special oacers to be paid
s the state; forbidlng under penalty of f
sad imprisoment special ofcers receivin
any salary or reward from Indfviduals or cr
porations; and basly calling upu coegres
- to investigate the coal pools and the emoy
Sment of armed forces eontroiled by rivate
Tihe Emperor Celebrates.
BgLr.w, Jan. 2:--The emperor and imterisl
I family sand a number of generals and miuis
Ster celIebrated to-day,. the 186th anniversary of
the crowning of the elector of Brandenhberg as
Sthe Ikt kLag of Prussia. After the service the
SewkaIghit swere praeseted to the emperor.
The lesser bein iaisposed, the arown psce
S5edsMd at the stase diner.
The Gemaraassmy asesse a near explo
stve seasnat- rs. IS b-rsted be be
seen Md 'Tsse-`The senn t nf m h
. - a sens. I Ia--- d by '. ar-'- ne
The weed of C 3pB 1ed was Mted r
t aMi e a Mby se e. gam C. M rd; Mr.si
aoo ppint eommsittee on peevil
age and edeleas ml the vacancy eeat
Sd by the death dsaastr Logan; Mr. Col. r
quitt presnted a petition from the Wo- f
man's Christiem Temperance Union of the
district, and urgeslgisltion intheinterest '
of purity, temperasee and reform, and asks
i congressional aid to suppress vice. The n
petition made redous charges upon the
manner in which datrict ffaire were seen
and senator. Hawley suggested and in* c
Inteentat commerce question discussed, n
and on voe ba - spesehes were made, 0
and the veto as ro" ea report was;
yeas 21! The l, so far as the lc
r enatie s bi is a law, only lh
I awaiting the President's signature; Mr. tl
s Skinner reported back the bill allowing In- ti
c diana Lbnds in severalty; a bill for an addi. t1
K tional justice for Wyoming from Mr. Baker.
s 'IATr Jan. 3. C
I "here was no session of the Senate to h
, Jay. ti
C-ommittee on judiciary reported advers b
e v resolutions of inquiry as to the Uoion a
l'acitic consolidation-District of Columbia o
' ppropriation bill reported-Senate amend- to
ments to the bill for forfeiture of the New
Orlesan. Baton Rouge and Vicksburg rail.
road encmerred in-Resolution with refeeo
ence to the Hawiian treaty, asking the n
1 judiciary committee to report whether a e
s treaty involving rate of duty is valid with-.
I- out concurrence of the house, adopted- ,
N Motion to ro ;ato committee of the whole
Id * river aad harbor bill carried, aftee
0 which the house went into committee el
e th-o. a t
I- - -t
SENATE Jam. I.
Credentials of senators Earewell of ,- ji
Inois and Davis of Minnesota presented
d Bill concerning post-ocas of the thirde lass
passed-A protracted dicussion took place
on the bill to authorise the presidesn of
the United States to pretect and deled
the rights of American bhermen. Bill passd s
I Response to the secretary of the treas
ury the reolution asking for informs- t
SI tion concerning Pacilc railway indebted
ness-Mr. Lawler introduced a resolution
I- directing the committee on naval affair to
inquire into the expediency of appropri
ting $50.000,000 for construction of war
vesae!s-House then went into committee
of the whole, and adjourned without do
SENATE JAN. 35.
Senate Farwell of Illinois took his seat- I
Conference report on army appropriation i
bill agreed to-Conference report on the
e bill providing for lands in severalty to In
Sdians agreed to-Chair announced his sig
t nature to the interstate commerce bill
r. Woman anffrage resolution debated, voted
it on and lost. 34 to 16-A number of bille
4 pussed, making appropriations for public
_ - haretted copyrte tabrstate commerce
L bill signed by the speaker-The contested
election case of Page vs. Pierce, from Rhode
Island, was called up and aused a rather
L acrimonious debate, after which the majori
Sty resolution (declaring the seat vacant)
was agreed to-Mr. Hatch reported the
d agricultural appropriation bill, and the
d ouse adjourned.
HITHER AND THITHER.
L Advices from Rome state that a eonelatory
.ill be held March 7, when Mgr. Maslla sad
be nuncios at Visnna, Madrid and Paris will
e batted. The pope has accepted Cardinal
W facobinl's resignatiea and as amark at esteem
r tas Invited him to continue to live in the
)a spal residence. The cardinal will probly
ae appointedl prefect of the apostolie p es.
bis suceesor in the papal secretaryshi will be
be nuncio at Lisbo, who will be raised to the
ank of cardinal after the consiutory.
SI In a baruer-hop at Wshlington, Cuthbert
S I. Jones, of Louisiana, attempted by Insulting
I ,niuage toward Coogresemen J. Floyd King
o prove e a lght, but the latter silently or
he agrravating tratment. The trouble had
ti ori in in a bloody feud which comenacesd
efore the birth of Mr. Jones
Lieutenant Schwatka was compelled to
* bastion his trip through the Yellowstone park
y the cieffect upon his lnags of the high alti
In u le and h'ty at mphere. At Grand can
et on he as attacked b hemorrhage. He is
L sting at Mammoth hot springs.
it The fafe of a savings bank at Belmont,
Sasachusetts, was blown open and robbed of
snmalul sum of money sad $,ttO,o0 In nego
SWillam Emersoe, an aged Inmate of the
a ilmml Huse In MeDonough county, IllInois,
me 1-id fromin excitenment over the allowance of his
• laima for a pension.
Elibiute B. Washbure brands as a fabricea
Slou the statement cabled from Paris that
id hile Anerlcan minister in that city be used
4 .Is fact ~ut· to forward letters through the
(enran lines for 20 francs each.
d purse of f.500 bhavrng been offaered for a
ushiloi enrrom bllliard tourasment In Chile
S o next monmtb. the public are likely to see
4 cI a. e., 4". lkas. sexton, and Daly Ia compe
SAndrew D. White has given to Cornell
& university his hitorilal library of thirty
a I.aLa-le.Ll volumes, which cost more than
S George W. Gay, the poproietor of chebap
- stores In several western towns, who recently
SI falltled, bas been arrested in PeorLa for obtain
ing goals under false preteanse.
The Pluhenix and Marclopn railway has been
ordered by the secretary of the nlaterior to stop
o rad ng u thromugh the Gilia river reservation un
t til the c·,nsent of the Indians in council has
n- I tmen ,btasled.
i- The marriage of Prince Roland Boonaparte
n- I nd Prinuces Letltlia will take place in April at
Id I Turin.
I Tweritv citixen' of Flagstaff. Arizona. capt
Surled and klled the brothers Ilawes for our
i derit~: a oaliou-keeper named Berry.
I Dartng Train Robbery.
S For Wo.,rra, Tez., Jan. ht.-At :1 o'clock
ti- this morning as the easttound Texas Paiti,:
ed express was pulling out of Giordon, a small
d station sixty miles west of here, two masked
I and armed men jumped on the engine and
covered the engineer and freman with revolr
SbThe engineer was forced to poll ahead until
v the train reached a high trestle, two miles east
o Ut Gordoni .
As stn• as the engine and baggage and mail
cars had passed over the treeutle the traiu
stopprd, leaving the pamenager coaches on the
At this polint the masked men were reinforced
i by six aseistaists. The rhbers then went
is through the express car, taking all the money
o and valuables in the safe, the amount being
a estimated at from $000 to 3l5,OU0. although
e the Palc express ofelials refuseto state the
Sexact amoun t stoes.
The robes the proceeded to the mal car,
where they obtaiudd tweatyight registetred
-e 'n, ]
GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION. W
Almost all .chemes of common sch,,ol unc
education treat grammar and comnpo- coil
sition as subjects quite independent of hl
each other, but the two are so insepa- ibe
rably linked, if not perfectly identi- to
fled, in my thoughtjthat I have chu,-eu witl
to speak of them together. tlhe
The very definition of English gram- :
mar-that it teaches how to speak and lai
write the English language correctly- ,n,
clearly embraces the art of compostion )obju
under its second function. True it is bea
that composition signifies more than
mere grammatical accuracy-that it to t
comprehends beauty of ex pression andl in,
logical arrangement as well-but these nar
latter are so greatly overshadowed by dlir,
the paramount importance of the tirst. car,
that to separate the two subjects on ofi
this ground must occasion a host of dis- wit
advantages which no resulting benefits ape
can equalize. the
I have said that these two subjects ads
have been "separated in teaching," but sioi
this, it is observed, is something very ed,
different from saving that they have ful
been taught. I wish I could say this, woi
also, with as much truth, but my ob- tici:
servation has been that almost the only c,I
teaching grammar receives is mis-teach
ing, and the reasons for this are qute TI
simple, and will suggest themselves al- "1
most immediately to those who have
ever tried to teach it at all. 1 he er- is
nicious system of topical teaching which hut
is most conviently followed in alsost thu
every other suhj.'ct here proves both roa
inapplicable and inpracticable, yet rv I
such has been the ruinous influence of
this false method that. in a manner, it to
has insinuated itself as well as it could wet
into the subject of grammar. too. pli
It was a triumph of ingenuity when lose
parsing, analyzing and "diagramming" tlh:
were respectively invented. Each in
its turn was hailed as a godsend and
speedily utilized to the exclusion of all wit
other grammatical exercises. ha
I remember with profound regret son
the incessant practace I had in parsing, had
while a pupil and the feeling of won- ver
Ider that would sometimes creep over
me of what a tiny b.t there must be to fro
learn in this world that we must day in l' fl
and day out parse 'the," "that," :an
"Tom,' "cat," until the very buzzing vet
of flies was a welcome relief to the the
When in later life I exchanged the on
studies of the pupil for those of the in- the
i structor. I found another system al- I
ready mapped out, and everybody jog- the
ging along in a circular rut. Diagram- as
ming and analyzing had now become he
Sthe ruling passion, and any departure wit
from them was looked upon as bold ad
e presumption and rank hersey. Occa- sw
sionally some of my pupils, whom no we
assurance that the rut ran somewhere mi
would obtetst, heteredoitieally clam- tea
d ored for a broader field, but such clam- int
a ors. by order of the higher powers, the
r were unceremoniously stifled. pt
Thus the delusion that this practice no
was the highway to a mastery of the ly
English language grew upon them. wt
Tobe able to analyze and "diagram" He
any sentence was the goal, which, once sul
attained. meant literary distinction., or din
something as near like it as they could th,
imagine. Scarcely a moment could be frc
I devoted to the correction of errors ca
l in speech, and in most cases written ph
I exercises were graded on the penman- He
a ship and the knowledge of facts alone. dig
a That which they thought so worthy be
of their own efforts, by a natural pro- m:
cess became their standard for judging of
others. I should not wonder that had by
Shakespeare, Milton, Macaulav. or any to
t other famous author been placed before be
r them and set to analyzing a complex a ,
sentence, his numerous departures from ph
the stereotyped order would have ly
brought upon him glances of supercili- ha
ons scorn or wondering pity. dr
But. it is urged, the object in all this
is to be discipline. Very well, grant be
for the sake of argument that the cu
disciplinary virtue of these methods ro
a are all that their champions claim for m
them; is there not in all the sublime cr
range of human knowledge some one gl
f thing, or some scores of things, but a
combine this boasted discipline with wi
the impartation of useful information? qc
SIf we can knock two apples with one to
stone, why not do so? Must food be bh
rendered unpalatable and indigestible th
to train our stomachs to digest. rn
SCertainly not; yet how thoughtlessly m
Swe disregard the reasoning of analogy, sa
Sand crowd upon the mind-the in- Iw
tellectual stomach-a mass of noxious I a
a fool that would have worried the mind It
of Bacon himself to assimilate-if such to
a a thing be possible at all. hi
Graummar is generally acknowledged ri
to be the hardest subject to systematize al
II satisfactorily andl to teach with beneti- Ih
I cial results. It is so difftticult to steer a
a clear of the Scylla of mechanical roul- j,
tine on the one hand and the Charyltlis h
P of vague generalities on the other. But it
7 there is a safe middle way. and no cap- L
'- able. intellectual pilot ought to fail in
finding it. The trouble is. discourage
Sment comes too early in the cours -: we
9 weary of constantly g:uar:lin- against
Sthe two dangers, andl with a feel.ng of il
Shelpless dcesaair, we deliberately c,;eas el
our efforts and take choice between twvo .
e certsan wrecks. I
S T'here mut he a semllalce it -aietV ti
t in this Scyllian rock tJlst pl've- -trng- ,
Iv alluring to tile eiucat:on:d nit: r ii r.
'e feel acerta~ n deglre. ot ,.li',rt il
resting UIIpon a sYstemi. no lU:alter Ii. V
crude and barren s-uch funiati,,nn i t'iti ,
be. At any rate w, ar,.I ./I' . .:1,,i thits
:k goes a great was if w,. t: l, ';t- :, ; llli
[-For this r a-,lu it. t.:, ! i _ o tir -
ed mar ha-s ,ften lIwPn l -I t :Ia -I -C
d matic farce, and (call,., IC.t'iet'- t. a
v- admit the absence ,,f praetal.i riesullt., q
There is an ildist:nct et r.d 't4,a- ,
t at soItethiurg in tie l:rtk anld t'er i ,
in It is alwavy emah:rras;nU ti, f,iow t
be criticism with snugistion, but thelte a!tre
of thin's compel- It.
I think the ,iue-ti,,n a- to ti,. r, ,r
.-v modle of teaching l'r:nlllm:r :tlli Imcrl
Sposition was answer-'t lon i: w:. a' (
E, mosthet**s anIswer, it t. . ;' ~2in , i2
he alf shaven he:ad h- ,r',.irt.,I to, hi . -*.
cl eluded retreat and thliern" cpiel :Ind r I
d copied the most aitrlrdl literatmur-f f
his nation., seeking the while rather Iv
isiibilibc than by ieitaliou to acquire t
Stbouegraeesof s l th ater r'ndetr
e ha sms Bemsrises
'- t' " +" ;. "t+,, ", " 2 - - , +
What Democthenes did with a ,lefinite
purpose. all ch !dren do naturally and a
unconsciousiv. only that with them the d
colversation of their elders takes the
place of written masterpieces. This, ant
then. must be the natural method. It req
becom'es a second nature with children rot
to express themselves in accordance C1
with the famili:ar models daily before All
thi.m. In the language of children are to
re'tl'ctedl the same beauties and the to
:eme faults that embellish or mar the len
laluguae of those with whom they are cry
cltinuallyV nass catecd, and it is the sisI
,obijecet of ctlination to encolurage such so0
beautiev and relove such faults. ell
The facts here presented point clearly fell
to the only true system of teaching a a i
lmother tongue. This systeml already 11
indic·ated in the previous remarks, Ia
narrows itself down to two general the
directions; first, insist iupion the utmost wa
care on the part of pupils in their use wa
of language: and. second, furnish them till
with correct verbal models in your own D.
speech, and read carefully with them ret
the best literary works that may be or
adapted to their a:ge and comprehen- bie'
sion. Nothing more than th:s is need- of
ed, nothing less will serve. and a faith- fel
ful adhllerence to the plan is certain to the
work the most encouraging and bene- of
ticial results.--icorge II. Lepper, to the on
Thie Snuccessor to the Stage.Driver. eel
The stage-driver is with the past. Heti
is deplored by those who, as buoys she
hung on the back of the stage as it wi
thundered along. the monarch of the the
road. 11e is wept over in song and sto- hit
ry by those whom he was wont to till COI
to the upper teeth with wild and il
weird stories, and his exit from life is de- un
plored by those who hung upon his phi- an
losophy. For he had philosophy, had ri
this four-horse child of nature. He A
had communed wtth nature and mixed
with traveling kickers till he could not thb
have prevented himself from being ye
t somewhat of a philosopher, unless he 18
had stopped the pors of his skin to pre- ol1
vent philosophy from getting into him
from absorption. But just nature has
left a substitute for the stage-driver, ta
:and the substitute is the horse car-dri- in
ver. He does not go whistling along al
a the road with the "Yo-ho" of Dickens, be
while the dogs bark and the children us
e on the sidewalks going to school clap sti
their hands in ecstacy of joy. th
He does not wind a horn and split S
the air with the cracker of his whip, th
as he touches up the front off horse, for -
e he has no horse. He is not surrounded
e when his journey's end is reached by
d admiring crowds, and he does not
i- swagger the worshipped of all the
o worhLd But he is here. He drives a sx
e mule, with which he is on intimate th
i- terms. He sometimes urges the mule fo
i- into a trot and sometimes a gallop on
a, the roughest part of the road. lie
puocheshim with the car broom to
e accelerate his flight at times, but usual- il
e Iv he whacks him with the remnants of th
i. what was formerly a blacksnake whip. s
" He, in fact, is a true illustration of the il:
e survival of the fittest, the slow plod- w
r ding, unsatisfactory but get-there-all- fa
d the-same phtanix which has sprung vt
e from the fiery stage-driver. But be- Is
-s cause he is slow he does not lack p
n philosophy. He studies at all times. di
a- He looks at a passenger and studies his g~
disposition by seeing how many times ti
y be will ring to be let off before getting n
>- mad. He ascertains the exact amount a
g of amiability in a female with a bundle C
4 by starting the mule just as she has as
.y turned from putting the fare in the h
e box. He shows to a nicety how tough h
x a child is and how well it is prepared a
n physically to battle with life, by sudden- y
'e ly putting on the brakes just as its ma d
i- has told it to get change from the I
is He stops at the switch just as every- c:
it body's supper is ready, and there din- a
me cusses the financial condition of the y
Is road. swaps change with his partner, 0
r mayhap, passes a word or two on the o
e crisis in European affairs, and then It
me glides away with a deliberation that p
t makes the warm bread at home mouldy tl
:h with age before it is eaten. He is not si
1? quarrelsome, but he generally manages
te to run the car. He is not impertinent. tl
Je bat woe to him or her who says any- p
le thing witty at his expense. 'If [ hadn't 0
it. rung I suppose you would have driven i
ly me past where I wanted to get olS" c
, said she; and he replied: "That I n
- I would. If I was a mind reader, mad- h
us I antm, I woutldn't be a street-car driver."
ad It is probable that any one who talks t
to him in this way will hereafter give c
him notice of where he shobtld stop or r
d ring the bell. The car-driver is admir- a
e I able. and by himself he is interesting,
bi- Iult in conjunction with a bad track and
er a bad mole. he becomes in time an ob
t- jet of abhorence to all who live along
lis his line. Let us forgive him his faults.
ut But these are not his faults.-G'alveslo'
P- Daily Seow..
IE- The Pace that Kills.
M.t Mr. Gladstone never set a squadron
of in the hetid. or drilled an oil well, or
so enginCeered a (,irner in wheat, or twist
v, .,l the tails if the Wall street bulls.
"I 'le..v A.merican who does the-e
v thin,-s I,'e tIot often live to wbe seventy-lltv
"- n 'u t-a'- ,mli. bult ie crowds the vi
I .i't n :;l v.hlemeee of sn:llenltV-seven I
i VCa mlit, thirnY or forty. lie live
m t I Ih i a -h l'l rt i e. P litl1.e ', ff I
,I lil't-e V ili int-s iSi Htalnted.
IiIii -..a --i t 1-i', V -., ihaS dli-civ i e d
.a irro ,- cilva r'a i :Il the inltl.:eting
t'. l t illtli ° o ft :i l ltbo . ; *" Xtr'it'l,'d. :Slid
l,.Z :ie, pIeit.fvrlv i:arnle-.- drink is obtain
it ,.. IThere w:1i jr,. bly iii a greater
blu:iiiI fr, lhe "'c trate"tp l qualities"
1re o+.r'.' ,lru rer,' ,ln.
.\ .toil Iultad to Fine Art.
*\- . l i ai:it. : l)per eIubliclehi* a
il ni . tril of c-ut gft - H.eaitli,-- II \VWa.I
... i ,to e ti" ttst of wiaeih wiald
. i,- i::11 I.'k -oul ror frighten tila- keeljel's
Uf ~f t al rni 11"i. The piciture buiiness in
Iy d til! Ilars. -, allhictratedl iu tihe Hog
ire ti,,w premns, is ore of the most melat.
kr- Ir -ttoly m'ng-. ev,.r witnessed in Anseriea.
j -( Ci7lSstI I tedser,
ilie ýr111" ll, .unllu : ,t ,1 site Year.
The inot:h if th t s-rb 'ly ::Ci
davys, .5 hours, is ito 111i.-. V, . n.t-ads
and seven-te.nth- ,f a .,.ci -: tio.n
required tor the revh, I:,,n of the earth
round the sun. AboIt I. I ' , Julius
C.Tsar, by the help of .u-i unce. an
Alexandrian philosopher, l.nte to a
toberably clear unnlirt:nhdlin, of the
length of a yeatr. and -!t". reit that ev
erv fourth year should be hell to con
sist of 3; 6 dayvs fr th is pltrplse of ab
sorbing the odd hours. By this rather
clunmsy arrangemnient the natural time
fell behind the reckoning, as in reality.
a day every fourth year is too much by
11 minutes, 1t) seeconds. three-tenths of
a secnd,. so it inevitably followed that
the be'ilnn.n; of the year moved on
ward aheadl of th,, point at which it
was in the days of (':t ar. Front the
time of th' conieil of N.,co. in 32.5, A.
1).. when the vernal ,'uintox fell cor
rectly on the 21-t of March, Pope Greg
ory found in 1.)2 .A. I).. that there had
been an over-reckoning to the extent
of holiday-, and that the vernalequinox
fell on the lt h of March. To correct
o the past error hIt: decreed that the 5th
of October of that year should be reck
oned as th,, l.1th, and, to keep the year
right in future-the overplus being 18
hours, 37 miiluties and II, seconds in a
century-he ordered that every centen- -
nial year that could not be divided by
four (171T). lI)U0, Ii0, 2100. 2200)
should not be b ssextile. as it other
t wise would be. thus; in short, dropping
a the extra day three tinihe every four
hundred -years. While' in Catholio
I countriei the (;regorian style was read
ily adopted. It was not so in Protestant
nations. In Britain it was not adopted -'
until 1732. by which time the discrep
ancy between the Julian and Grego
I rian periods amounted to eleven days.
An act of parliament was passed dicta.
ting that the 3d of September of that
year should be reckoned the 14th, sad
t that three of every four centenamld
9 years should be leap years. The year
e 1800 not being a leap year. the new and.
. old styles now d fler twelve days, our
n 1st of January being equivalent to the
13th old style. In Russia alone ad
Christian countries is the old style ta
t* tained. The old style is still retained
i- in the treasury accoumnt of Great Brit
g ain. In old times the year was held to
º, begin on the 25th of March, and this
n usage. or piece of antiquity, is also
p still observed in the computations el
the chancellor of the British exchequgs
it So the first day of the financial year' I
. the 5th of April. being "Old Lady day.
r -Boston Journal of Education.
y Royal Affairs of the Ilear
What an unfortunate thang it is to
a born a princess of royal blood.
to this republican countsr.
le follow out the inclinations at
In own sweet will, one has little klea
the personal sacrifices that are eti
1. upon a young man or woman bora
of the arms of the purple. In
p. some of the members of the royal tarn
se ily are objects of common symptU
I. with the entire popmuace. and their
l1- fairs of the heart excite the most atd
ig versal interest and pity. Even at thi;
e- late day when the Princess Louise ap.
-k pears in public-and the princess has w
a. democratic way of appearing eat S
is good deal in a semi-state of Incoglit
es that is very vexatious to her
ag mother-the old story of her a -
at ment to her former tutor, h
le Canon Duckworth, is being
as recalled, as the distinguished
be has a way of suddenly looming up
Ch her vicinity. I remember bein lin
ed adjoining box to the princess
n- years ago at the Savoy theater I
aa don. and during the entree act CaseS
me Duckworth who was in an opposite
with a party of ladies and geantle a
y- came around to speak with the
i- and her party-an elderly anad
he youngish masn Immediately half tl _
r, opera-glasses carried by the occupuea
he of the other boxes and the stalls wes
en leveled upon the box in which sat 1i.
at princess, who, in a black lace gowt
gy through which her fair neck and asue
ot showed, upon which jewels gle
es apparently was quite unconseo .
at. the scrutiny she was undergoing.
ty. princess of Wales is always a e
i't of tender interest, as she is
en supposed to have been in love
" consort. The princess royal, w
I m:lrried the crown prince of Gsrmiiaag
l- has been the cause of considerable gos
." ip. owing to the reputation he
ks trooper husband has for indulging
ve clho!eric remarks, and a somewhat.
or reckless disregard or social amenitle
ir- ias compatible with court etiquette.- "
ig, IRostos Herald.
b- To Critics.
ng When I was seventeen I heard
iti. From each censorious tongue,
ton "i'd not do that if I were youl
You see you're rather yomng."
Now that I number forty years,
I'm quite is often told
Of this or that I shouldn't ido
on IBecause I'm quite too oll.
tor O,,rping world! If there's an ast
9t- hrr. xsoulth and manhoodt keep
I. Au eiUul i'1'. alas: I mu-t
liarv. pasa ',l It i nl e i v .ti ).
ere -- IWlter /Jarne
en It lidn 't Affect Hlim.
v I Two.iris wer' having a very an .
Sut nated .li-.lst-iin when .Iolnes entered
ati, :it tirl.t didli't ohserve hint.
Syli're rI'Il Ilwell." said one.
. '.oli'i'r j:- :i-- hateful a- ou can
P" t I.'. i',Ii dl', the other.
L.d 'I aicpro, si ii-,-li don't knuow any beo
in= ter, thnll, h"
lid "'i "+,,, hn.ti :in: Ibr·lr 'tlw t" -
l . "s, .Mr. .Iont.,"'--In dnet.
in- "th. don't tn nil me." said Jones, -
istr t:aking a -..ll. "'Kelep it tip. I rathe -
e i lik- it. I'ito a l iil'li).:r of a choir my
id self."- 'ut.,,ry/e s.t1i, ch.
Ni, Blessing For Hilly.
I li tl Kitti,. 1. .was just finishing her
i evening prayer at her papa', knee, and
i'h- Ilooiking up into his f:ace with all the
mit eroliu ..jioss, (,of a d v\'lout clhil I. whlen she
in " ut01 -h. ,.I. tla. h'. .. ar
log- mtluiiia : id ** ," papt :itl .1int horse -
Ian- :n i . lill lh , :iie I : il . iii C i. I Cat'
tel. ask vot. ti hie--. "i"r ,i. tiat-he
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