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Sayrse s Orehais - Saw
t mar EMs Veushk. -*gh." says the man as he bites into his apple and as quickly spits out the lbte, "that's bitter." And so it ls, for he has taken g apple which is infected with the bittor-ro. With the coming of the aw crop of apples to market, the un pleasant experience of the man who bit into the diseased part of the apple is uiteo a common qe. But it is not as might be supposed acase of ordinary rot, due to braise, but the bitter rot is caused by a fungus which grows in the ripenintg tissues at the fruit and induces decay. The bitter rot appears in a apple or chard at diLerent times during the mouths of July-nd August, the time of its arst appearance varying with the elimatic conditions during any particu ar seaao. The Brat spots usually de velop on the apple fruits when they are Mnarly full grown. From that time on until the fruit is entirely ripened the dis ease ia likely to occur with increasing severity. Warm, sultry weather, particularly a rain, forms the ideal condition for the development of the bitter rot. In Seol, dry summers the bitter rot is usu prsent but sparingly. A short series hot, wet days in August may bring a sedden and very destructive at . Nights with a heavy fall of dew mating with hot days are usually wed by an extensive development te deeme. Nmerous instances might mtlonedwhere the dsease appeared h. erchard during the latter part of after a few hot days, destroying whole crop in three days. A notable ot this kind occurred during the of 1P00. Cold weather usually the disease sad may stop it al Sl itte roet fungus, like oter et the tnr genus Gle eporlum. Saleasot world-wide distributio. - antted stes it has been mfund al of the states east of and in Kasmss. Oklahoma and Tfest searchthroughthemysologieal avaIlable at the lhssoun# bot g isen has shown that under eme arother thsuaP s has been mo earn Iese, New Hampshire. taentieut New York. New ea.swr re. Marylad, West Vir th astas, Bouth Caouse, Ua n. Wiseoasm l am d m Tem. TM states - a aror a wm i lbs beten reeported are l wemalwltly. Iiseag -l that it o*ears In an ±d the3 Mtast pm*e s V. u bea t' "N ' L ' ý5 s i . ' " *F xtsp -'a I I . a Ia tie sea .ah,"said the ajiuag doctor. according to the New York Sun, "reminds me that you seldom bear much about the kingish. He is more nearly the prottPtyp of the fresh water black bau than any native of the sea, so far as my esperience goes. "He has the same symmetrical body. the same untiring spirit and affords the angler an equal amount of sport. He seldom attains to the weight of his fresh water congener. In near by waters it is unusual to hook a kingfish of more than two pounds, but every ounce in those two pounds is frm, hard flesh and mus cle. "No sooner does the hook penetrate his tough mouth than there is action at his end of the line. The difference in strenuousness of fish is never more ac curately demonstrated than when a kingfish is hooked on weakfish grounds. One or two lunges and the weakfish is towed to the landing net; but after five minutes' ilay the kingfish still retains the vigor and muscle which he exhib Ited when he first took the hook. "The kingfish is always found on a sandy bottom. Sometimes he resembles i the fluke in his secretive habits. He will lie in the loose sand at the point of a bar in a tide way, completely sub merged in the sand except his eyes. which are continually on the alert for J the food brought along by the tide. Sometimes the kingfish chooses the breakers for a feeding ground, and they are frequently caught from the Coney Island and Rockaway piers. "Black bass tackle is eminently suit ed to them, but the hook should be a small Sproat bend and the line should be linen, as silk rots very quickly in salt water. The favorite bait for kingfish is shedder crab or shrimp. Indeed, shrimp is a universal salt water bait. "Some fishermen make the mistake of putting a dosen shrimp on a hook, mak ing the hook look like a pin wheel. The most successful salt-water fisherman of my acquaintance uses only two shrimp. He hooks these through the tall. "Of course, so small a bait as a shrimp does not conceal the book. The old no tion of absolutely concealing the hook has been long done away with by expert anglers. The main point is to present ywr bait in the most natural form to your prospective victims. Hooking a ihrtmp through the tall gives the little fellow a chance to assume a natural ap pearance in the water, while hooking him through the body destroys all hl chances for movement. "The kinagfish sem to be a fellow wbo doesnot require companionship. He does not herd with his fellows, as do the blue and weakash. and it is seldom that the angler alls his basket with kingfsh alonea 8till they an have a liking for sandy bottoms and the surf and where one is eanght there are sure to be sev eral .the vicinity. "As a food fsh the kig i universally onceded to be a delicacy." DMTULI WITH BIGS. last. AgvieudturI DqpsrtCe.et 4. tUvQw.ramEr - ttw.to stn .1 rb rM..e Rewortq br the wheat haratsed II CL~te tbbyyu~t ldleate that the ritavae etth mes~hg have bean quitesbmfvr, and ,tkjUih t Oft of the yefled wIl be n .own. 8"udetit In mtbditzus #v tz haet by the 0StNIhratla tafaeeIeset oftu hich ajbub4 Is Mata to thbumayathf ire is ofter afta* agimltowa d arewstm Ia eullhed is delaglag of shtImg eo the laet Peew d -'-em -t *ltglsel e mamwaktla d a o -rr; tb. o lamed pusts Is not I Mthtlstomeqwhoa. to seal wh .ehws i Udi mi ma tdimes d-Io ~ a t a ~ w hl h a vil m t & a' m i t~ a~l~i~rqlr hoYtLed, r by sit utt b ma d iutluastlam ale !M Zr fnrt a has clar apeaitara am ter an m w whems j~· bSW~'mft is , Is to .4 ow"a qmý Uamtmmt to weeu ... e a. V s... ·'1~,uiem ws.Jueto ow tx·m=7 ~ -mmml eKi'ION' TO RULE. one Foreign Alliance That Has Proved Datinctly Happy. Cuatess Waltersee, W ho Was Esther Lee, Drew a Prise la the later satlonal Marriage Lettery Eaterprise. Countess von Walderses is now at her old home in New York city. She arrived on the steamship Moltke alone, her dis tinguished husband finding himself too busy to gratify a desire he has cherished for years to visit the country of his wife's birth. Countess von Waldersee is far past middle life, but is still a brilliant wom an, with vast influence at court. In times past she was credited with more influence at the German court than any other American woman exercised in any court in Europe. The countess was Miss Esther Lee, daughter of David B. Lee, a pioneer wholesale grocer on South street. She came of an old Connecticut family of farmers and landowners. When her father died her mother took her and her aisters to Paris. There Esther was edu cated. In 1857 she marries Prince Frederick von Schleswig-Holstein. with whose daughter she was on terms of warmest intimacy. She was very young then, while the German prince was an old man, and it was gossip that she had boldly schemed to get the nobleman for her husband. By a regular marriage with the American girl the prince would be compelled to renounce his titles, so he proposed a Morganatic alliance. This was refused by Miss Lee, whereupon the prince gave up his titles and made her his bride. Six months later the prince died of apoplexy, leaving his girl wife $4,000,000. The princess, who held the honorary title of Princes de Noer, the title of Prince de Noer having been conferred upon her husband by the king of Prussia, was at Wiesbaden in 1868, when she met Count Alfred von Waldersee, a brilliant young officer on the king's staff, whom she married some years later. The countees won the confidence of the king, who later became emperor of Ger many, and is said to have finally caused Biamarck's overthrow. She was ambi tions as well as brilliant, and wished COUNTESS VON WALDERS.Z. (few Paying Her First Visit to Amserla In Fifty Years) * that her husband should succeed the a 'lrmo chancellor." During the closing r- years ed Binmarck's tenure of office she w was identl8 ed wlth every.morelmat that h s eemed to weaken his hold on imperial l aver.r. Dr. 8tocker, the famous court chaplain whom Bismarek dismimed, was l her coadjator sad adviser. SHer sale, one at the few notable - io leaGermany ever possessed, was a hot . led of anti-Bsmarek intrigue, it is as d rted. o unt von Waldersee was raised to rt .actical command of the army in 1873, a ahd in 1900 was appointed to the dorm e Imad of the allied forces in China. He Smueeeded the Immortal Von Molthe as a eld marshal, a position he now holds. 'he eountem' friads say she is no ppliticlaa, but a devout, true Christian a iisn;a that she carried to Germany Shlue Sunday it a day of plesure, her r h6lis New Egand ides of the day, i- ha sxerted her lboslence to modify isi kown as the continental Sun- I "da She has also been a strong advo I ie -at mnoderation Ian drinkig. I searriag a the New Yo. hirl % twa one of the striking for that provedal happy, the a4d countess having ever been i (vl ad to seh other. .h co eon s sS not been il this . u" slne 18.4, when her mother her bablmroad al t sb oerasesa eorridors, lined · bi s .e sealls, were .mestrted i . below the manetant 0 a tSr, Rudassia. In these cels e Upattrn theibr daily and duttes-te, eat, aend laaheri ompsanyr et theirgea tPr a short timei sash a raumblee la the betfat ar 40e so me was UsummesMWO r p ,,..5 COLORED ALW HONORED. Mal. Franklit A. Demisen, of Cgase a Knows How to Command Gea aie Respeet. In no state more than in Illinois does the abl3 and deserving negro receive prompt and distinguished recognition. This is well illustrated in the case of Maj. Franklin A. Denison, a colored law yer of Chicago, who, a few days ago. was appointed quartermaster, with the rank of major, on the staff of Gen. James B. Smith, of the Third brigade, Illinois national guard. It is not the first time that Maj. Denison has been honored as a colored man of signal ability. He was the first colored man ever elected vale dictorian of his class in a northern col lege; he was the first colored man ever I appointed a city prosecuting attorney i in the north; he was the first colored man a tI t MAJ. F. A. DENISON. b (Colored Soldier Who Has Been Made b Brigade Quartermaster.) Sto serve as president of a general court martial in the United States army, and t the first colored man to sit on a court of Sarmy claims. MaJ. Denison was born in San Antonio, Tex., in 1862. He obtained his eariy ed Sucation in the public schools of the Tex as city. Later he was graduated from I Lincoln university, in Pennsylvania, as honor man of his class, and in 1890 was I graduated from the old Union college of law (now the law school of North western university), carrying off the highest honors for scholarship and being elected as valedictorian and class ora tor. In 1891 Mayor Washburne, ofChi cago, appointed him assistant prosecut ing attorney, a position he held through the administrations of Mayors Harri son, Sr., Hopkins and Swift, the last named promoting him to be chief at his department. In 1897 be resigned totake up the general practice of law, in which he built up a lucrative business, with white persons as well as colored among his clientage. At the beginning of the Speaish American war MaJ. Denisom joined the Eighth regiment, Illinois national guard, and was soon after comma sslcet major, and took cc-.mand of the Third battalion. He went to Cuba with his regiment, and there Gen. Lawton made him president of the general court-mar ,l pof the district, the only colored man who ever held such an important place in the army. Later Gen. Lawton ap pointed him one of the three Judges of the court of army claims at Santiago. It was this tribunal before which all claims for damage done to the property of Cubans by the invading army were brought After being mustered out of the serv ice with his regiment in 11998 Maj. Den ison resumed the practice of law In Chi cago with greater success than ever. He is married, has a family and a hlad some home. ISAAC STBPBENSON. ' Venerable WIeeoadt dstrnee. BEar Who Kay B e the Nest Sev r emar t Is. Itate. Isaac 8tephenson, who, acording to the prophecy of William E. Curtis, wll be the next governor of Wisconsin, has done more. perhaps, than any other Ulv ing man for the development of the In I Smberman wha MWe a. the Next Sew eraor of Wmes tmlbj, dastries s t hs stata. He was toe t I New Bruswick I -1k, sad wrent to Wiseo at. at ths e a AAler we&- 1 aish arlwsai Ush .1d I aeaabsse, sad hewest the amvs o ' his terlae I imber.IM E r lHa n ie t a PARIS OF AMERICA Mexico City Has Earned That Place and Title. The Meileas Metropolis Deelarled t Be a Jewel Set ia the Crewn eo the Sister Republic of the Waited States. Mexico City has been called the Paris of America, and with good reason, sa.-ely. Mexico City is a jewel set in the crown of our sister republic; it does not shine with a light reflected from the great me tropolis upon our eastern shore, nor does it pale in close comparison. It gleams alone undimmed and with a radiance peculiarly its own. Set upon a hood plateau, with the ever snow-crowned mountains standing as a sentinel, this lovely city commands as grand a view as is to be found in all the world. To the north a never-ending chain of verdure-hung mountains, while to the south the glowing tints and volup tous beauty of the deep valleys and tropic gardens lie dazzling in the golden sunlight Here you will find the contrast of splendor and squalor, following the avenues of stately homes and pampered luxury will be the narrow alleys and swarming byways, the home of pesti lence and crime. The aristocracy of Mexico is found among the descendants of the pure Cas tillian Spanish and, with the flowing Mantilla and coffers of gold, have come the hidden dagger, the slow smile and treacherous hand of the Indian. While you would miss the boulevard cafe of gay Paris. you will find its mate behind gorgeous gilded pillars and heavy hangings. Here, if you wish, a fine lob ster the waiter will bring a huge plat terful of the crimson monsters that you may have your choice and decide which shall be prepared for your delectation. A long drive, through overhanging branches of ancient trees, will bring you to the superb Tacubaya, the Monte Carlo of Mexico. Here all day and all night is the click of the wheel and the clashing of the dies A most charming trip may be taken to C the floating gardens by way ao La Viga canal. Here you glide gently along. pro pelled by the long pole which your gon dolier thrusts deftly against the bank or some neighboring craft. You meet long, shallow canoes loaded to the water's edge with great masses of Sow During the morning you will find the streets and the shops crowded with gay ly dressed shoppers, earriages blocking Lis th he tI al rd THE WHITs HOUSE OF MEXICO. 0. the streets to front of a efashonable II thurch, while the fower market does e 7 a thriving busiaes Bor cavalier or ma Stiaed lady. Right in the center of the city les the l lovely Alameda, the queen parks or k- plasas, with broad stretches of velvet u - reen orange and magnolla trees e spreading their fragrance over the I. promenades. Here are great fountains and magntcent statuary, while o each side run broad avenues of amooth as phalt, and shtatning dle r One of these avenues peases between * blocks of handsome buildlangs, until Sturning sodenly it widens to twice its t width, and starting from that magalr - r cent bronse state t Charles IV., be- a comes one of the most famous drives in a the world, the Passeo de Is Reforms, a a This magnatseat treteh of prmemade a is narly three miles log, borded a e each side by Sae statues of uforgt b - beroes. Every once In a while it widens Z Into an Immense dirde, to admit da ap arge sad spiedid monument and tms. This drive ends at the park ed asetle t Chapaltepee, the pride of Manm lan. d No plao s the world s theroe a spot t to compare with this prinaely domain. 1 Hewed from the rok is the bath f b Montseusm standg like guardians it a row are countless mammoth ~wr trs, the growth of centuries, sad T aboveall, oa the crwn of a owr a wreathed, rocky emnence, is the fhiry N eastle of Manmramn'a bride. T It would take pages to desriba the a objects of inateaest and beat in this u eity 'of the Asse The sQaramen to pawn shop, the ra old eerabftl. ae, e N end osr to St. Peters in Rm, ead aloepa theMeresa e all the Satbw: the T art geflese the emU es, al the bhe. . dmie and eoa sbe tso nrest sad de lih th as lat ma r dh love. a and most pr~oegrs e nyo te m naesstonbeuandiaaed,.me sea, i a 'er MSa m ee mA. a Z1ttlO9 h*--Reggies zaeid fs to to be married w's we grow uap Nurue-- thoq ht you dlin.t N. Begs tonsversatineam,am draer L baVe w wan athe time tn sm bho w a amaT khn yaen d l * is M was, nrak4i' 4eP FIXING LENGTH ST 3ew a Ceastamt nit tof Is Fixed and RMali Ia Emslad.L Preparations are being madelt positing parliamentary copies t imperial standards of length floor of Westminster hall, saey ta. . don Telegraph, of recent date. The delicate undertaking, , being carried out in its initial the first commissioner of worka,. taken over on its completion d standards department of the bow L. trade as the responsible au such matters. The standards. ist 1 o derstood. will be identical with e which were placed some years #a Trafalgar square. There are, ht r four sets the first ranging from oe t to an imperial yard. while the a a pole or perch, the third a bciai feet, and the fourth the standard r ure of 100 feet. Students of a scarcely need being reminded that Edward decreed that there shoei I but one standard measure-that ; Winchester-for all England, and ', a na Charta contained a similar with regard to weight. Strict ment of the law was found imp for generations, a great number at tomary weights and measures uing in use, especially in tras relating to land, corn and wool. however, parliament insisted up.a observance of general uniformity. 1826 an imperial system of we.ghb measures has been in vogue the kingdom and an act passed Is inflicts heavy penalties for using and measures not recognized by the Naturally, the "man in the streeat quires to know how the standards asoertained and established. among the earliest standards of were the palm, the foot and the There were two leading cubits--the tural cubit of Egypt, Chaldes, and Greece, and the royal cubitof phis. The Greek foot passed into where it was divided into 12 inches. Romans used a three-foot ulna, Saxons adopted an ell. or yard ost inches, based on the Roman foot measurement remained in Ungl-ad, though the lapse of time saw modifications in the ell. So progressed until 1760, when a copy old yard measure found in the London was made for a select of the house of commons, and if this copy was legalized by with a direction that "iii the evesat being lost the standard should be ered by making the length of a time second's pendulum in the of London in a vacuum at sea levl to 39.1-393 inches." Unfortunatl, standard disappeared at the great which destroyed the houses of meat in 1834, and, as the sequently appointed by the royal reported against the mamcu the pendulum method, the duty of ing the lost standard was it royal commission. It was not tll that the task was accomplished. the best secondary evidence a the commissioners produced a bar of gun metal, the distance two lines on which, crossing gold is one yard at t6 degrees 30 inches barometric pressure. ied copies of this legalized preserved at the mint, the royal servatory at Greenwich, square and elsewhere, so that the tion now being made In W hall Isaprecastion wh.h epe shown to be necessary in a matter arecting the commerdal life of toan. S AKI TO X-RAYS. r t madtatiema .1 igst That Have SDeeiuaatd by the SLetter "N." h It has beeh fuad lately tht tof the artidaal sources ofat light radiatioas capable oa traversing I als and a nulber of other I paue to light; that is to my, ti ts affecting the eye as light rays, which are distinguIshed by name d "n" enhance the IMeOn a phosphorescent and .L BUladlot, the well sacientist, has employed this fa, tryingl whether such rays are by the ans, says the olads. To this end he placed a tube o. phorespent material, for sulphide af calcium, behind a panel or oakewthutter closing a dow exposed to the sun and the chamber dark. If now a pla* lead, or even the hand, be between the hutter and the tuba p alhoreseesa dimlanlshe and th plats is withdrawn it The apsriment is so simple manrg an ippat It The panel do had a thlknessm a fifteen mill The IhoP rescease is rather at irat, and a sheet of black any bi held a a backrond to taube. Plates o aluminum and beoad between the hautter and tube do not prevenat the The. "i" rays from the sun can sencnatrated by a lens of They are reflected by polished and radiffused by ground glass. the "n" rays irom a Crookes tube, a Sae, those of the sn act a aemal spark and a tiny flame so as Ieream their brightness, but I. oladlot has not obtained any tggraphic ebet from these rays. sedaes Prreerase. The nlamems ot ftalishmen do4' ei ig peerages are few. Mr. Joi Walter was one, and the late osltgus. ot Yorkshire, was a - SWilliam Harcourt was a third . M.r. tapQli a fourth. Sir ieBasach Ealso declined a bl antlpation in saying whys the pujret was mooted that d hi baronetcy (one oft was a greater honor than pestag '2U..