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The southern sentinel. (Winnfield, La.) 1883-1910, November 06, 1903, Morning, Image 6

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064428/1903-11-06/ed-1/seq-6/

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Sayrse s Orehais - Saw
t mar EMs Veushk.
-*gh." says the man as he bites into
his apple and as quickly spits out the
lbte, "that's bitter." And so it ls, for he
has taken g apple which is infected with
the bittor-ro. With the coming of the
aw crop of apples to market, the un
pleasant experience of the man who bit
into the diseased part of the apple is
uiteo a common qe. But it is not as
might be supposed acase of ordinary rot,
due to braise, but the bitter rot is caused
by a fungus which grows in the ripenintg
tissues at the fruit and induces decay.
The bitter rot appears in a apple or
chard at diLerent times during the
mouths of July-nd August, the time of
its arst appearance varying with the
elimatic conditions during any particu
ar seaao. The Brat spots usually de
velop on the apple fruits when they are
Mnarly full grown. From that time on
until the fruit is entirely ripened the dis
ease ia likely to occur with increasing
severity.
Warm, sultry weather, particularly
a rain, forms the ideal condition for
the development of the bitter rot. In
Seol, dry summers the bitter rot is usu
prsent but sparingly. A short series
hot, wet days in August may bring
a sedden and very destructive at
. Nights with a heavy fall of dew
mating with hot days are usually
wed by an extensive development
te deeme. Nmerous instances might
mtlonedwhere the dsease appeared
h. erchard during the latter part of
after a few hot days, destroying
whole crop in three days. A notable
ot this kind occurred during the
of 1P00. Cold weather usually
the disease sad may stop it al
Sl itte roet fungus, like oter
et the tnr genus Gle eporlum.
Saleasot world-wide distributio.
- antted stes it has been mfund
al of the states east of and in
Kasmss. Oklahoma and Tfest
searchthroughthemysologieal
avaIlable at the lhssoun# bot
g isen has shown that under eme
arother thsuaP s has been mo
earn Iese, New Hampshire.
taentieut New York. New
ea.swr re. Marylad, West Vir
th astas, Bouth Caouse,
Ua n. Wiseoasm
l am d m Tem. TM states
- a aror a wm i lbs
beten reeported are l
wemalwltly. Iiseag
-l that it o*ears In an
±d the3 Mtast pm*e s
V. u bea t'
"N ' L ' ý5 s i . '
" *F xtsp
-'a
I I
. a Ia tie sea .ah,"said the
ajiuag doctor. according to the New
York Sun, "reminds me that you seldom
bear much about the kingish. He is
more nearly the prottPtyp of the fresh
water black bau than any native of the
sea, so far as my esperience goes.
"He has the same symmetrical body.
the same untiring spirit and affords the
angler an equal amount of sport. He
seldom attains to the weight of his fresh
water congener. In near by waters it is
unusual to hook a kingfish of more than
two pounds, but every ounce in those
two pounds is frm, hard flesh and mus
cle.
"No sooner does the hook penetrate
his tough mouth than there is action at
his end of the line. The difference in
strenuousness of fish is never more ac
curately demonstrated than when a
kingfish is hooked on weakfish grounds.
One or two lunges and the weakfish is
towed to the landing net; but after five
minutes' ilay the kingfish still retains
the vigor and muscle which he exhib
Ited when he first took the hook.
"The kingfish is always found on a
sandy bottom. Sometimes he resembles i
the fluke in his secretive habits. He
will lie in the loose sand at the point of
a bar in a tide way, completely sub
merged in the sand except his eyes.
which are continually on the alert for J
the food brought along by the tide.
Sometimes the kingfish chooses the
breakers for a feeding ground, and they
are frequently caught from the Coney
Island and Rockaway piers.
"Black bass tackle is eminently suit
ed to them, but the hook should be a
small Sproat bend and the line should
be linen, as silk rots very quickly in salt
water. The favorite bait for kingfish
is shedder crab or shrimp. Indeed,
shrimp is a universal salt water bait.
"Some fishermen make the mistake of
putting a dosen shrimp on a hook, mak
ing the hook look like a pin wheel. The
most successful salt-water fisherman of
my acquaintance uses only two shrimp.
He hooks these through the tall.
"Of course, so small a bait as a shrimp
does not conceal the book. The old no
tion of absolutely concealing the hook
has been long done away with by expert
anglers. The main point is to present
ywr bait in the most natural form to
your prospective victims. Hooking a
ihrtmp through the tall gives the little
fellow a chance to assume a natural ap
pearance in the water, while hooking
him through the body destroys all hl
chances for movement.
"The kinagfish sem to be a fellow wbo
doesnot require companionship. He
does not herd with his fellows, as do the
blue and weakash. and it is seldom that
the angler alls his basket with kingfsh
alonea 8till they an have a liking for
sandy bottoms and the surf and where
one is eanght there are sure to be sev
eral .the vicinity.
"As a food fsh the kig i universally
onceded to be a delicacy."
DMTULI WITH BIGS.
last. AgvieudturI DqpsrtCe.et 4.
tUvQw.ramEr - ttw.to
stn .1 rb rM..e
Rewortq br the wheat haratsed II
CL~te tbbyyu~t ldleate that the ritavae
etth mes~hg have bean quitesbmfvr,
and ,tkjUih t Oft of the yefled wIl be
n .own. 8"udetit In
mtbditzus #v tz haet by the
0StNIhratla tafaeeIeset oftu hich
ajbub4 Is Mata to thbumayathf ire
is ofter afta* agimltowa
d arewstm Ia eullhed is delaglag
of shtImg eo the laet Peew d
-'-em -t *ltglsel e
mamwaktla d a o
-rr; tb. o lamed pusts Is not I
Mthtlstomeqwhoa. to seal wh
.ehws i Udi mi ma tdimes d-Io
~ a t a ~ w hl h a vil m t & a' m i
t~ a~l~i~rqlr hoYtLed, r by
sit utt b ma d iutluastlam
ale !M Zr fnrt a has
clar apeaitara
am ter an m w whems
j~· bSW~'mft is , Is
to .4
ow"a
qmý Uamtmmt to weeu
... e a. V s...
·'1~,uiem ws.Jueto ow
tx·m=7
~ -mmml
eKi'ION' TO RULE.
one Foreign Alliance That Has
Proved Datinctly Happy.
Cuatess Waltersee, W ho Was Esther
Lee, Drew a Prise la the later
satlonal Marriage Lettery
Eaterprise.
Countess von Walderses is now at her
old home in New York city. She arrived
on the steamship Moltke alone, her dis
tinguished husband finding himself too
busy to gratify a desire he has cherished
for years to visit the country of his
wife's birth.
Countess von Waldersee is far past
middle life, but is still a brilliant wom
an, with vast influence at court. In
times past she was credited with more
influence at the German court than any
other American woman exercised in any
court in Europe.
The countess was Miss Esther Lee,
daughter of David B. Lee, a pioneer
wholesale grocer on South street. She
came of an old Connecticut family of
farmers and landowners. When her
father died her mother took her and her
aisters to Paris. There Esther was edu
cated.
In 1857 she marries Prince Frederick
von Schleswig-Holstein. with whose
daughter she was on terms of warmest
intimacy. She was very young then,
while the German prince was an old
man, and it was gossip that she had
boldly schemed to get the nobleman for
her husband. By a regular marriage
with the American girl the prince would
be compelled to renounce his titles, so
he proposed a Morganatic alliance. This
was refused by Miss Lee, whereupon the
prince gave up his titles and made her
his bride.
Six months later the prince died of
apoplexy, leaving his girl wife $4,000,000.
The princess, who held the honorary
title of Princes de Noer, the title of
Prince de Noer having been conferred
upon her husband by the king of Prussia,
was at Wiesbaden in 1868, when she met
Count Alfred von Waldersee, a brilliant
young officer on the king's staff, whom
she married some years later.
The countees won the confidence of the
king, who later became emperor of Ger
many, and is said to have finally caused
Biamarck's overthrow. She was ambi
tions as well as brilliant, and wished
COUNTESS VON WALDERS.Z.
(few Paying Her First Visit to Amserla
In Fifty Years)
* that her husband should succeed the
a 'lrmo chancellor." During the closing
r- years ed Binmarck's tenure of office she
w was identl8 ed wlth every.morelmat that
h s eemed to weaken his hold on imperial
l aver.r. Dr. 8tocker, the famous court
chaplain whom Bismarek dismimed, was
l her coadjator sad adviser.
SHer sale, one at the few notable -
io leaGermany ever possessed, was a hot
. led of anti-Bsmarek intrigue, it is as
d rted.
o unt von Waldersee was raised to
rt .actical command of the army in 1873,
a ahd in 1900 was appointed to the dorm
e Imad of the allied forces in China. He
Smueeeded the Immortal Von Molthe as
a eld marshal, a position he now holds.
'he eountem' friads say she is no
ppliticlaa, but a devout, true Christian
a iisn;a that she carried to Germany
Shlue Sunday it a day of plesure, her
r h6lis New Egand ides of the day,
i- ha sxerted her lboslence to modify
isi kown as the continental Sun- I
"da She has also been a strong advo
I ie -at mnoderation Ian drinkig.
I searriag a the New Yo. hirl
% twa one of the striking for
that provedal happy, the
a4d countess having ever been
i (vl ad to seh other.
.h co eon s sS not been il this
. u" slne 18.4, when her mother
her bablmroad
al t sb oerasesa eorridors, lined
· bi s .e sealls, were .mestrted
i . below the manetant
0 a tSr, Rudassia. In these cels
e Upattrn theibr daily
and duttes-te, eat, aend
laaheri ompsanyr et theirgea
tPr a short timei sash
a raumblee la the betfat ar
40e so me was UsummesMWO
r p
,,..5
COLORED ALW HONORED.
Mal. Franklit A. Demisen, of Cgase a
Knows How to Command Gea
aie Respeet.
In no state more than in Illinois does
the abl3 and deserving negro receive
prompt and distinguished recognition.
This is well illustrated in the case of
Maj. Franklin A. Denison, a colored law
yer of Chicago, who, a few days ago.
was appointed quartermaster, with the
rank of major, on the staff of Gen. James
B. Smith, of the Third brigade, Illinois
national guard. It is not the first time
that Maj. Denison has been honored as
a colored man of signal ability. He was
the first colored man ever elected vale
dictorian of his class in a northern col
lege; he was the first colored man ever I
appointed a city prosecuting attorney i
in the north; he was the first colored man a
tI
t
MAJ. F. A. DENISON. b
(Colored Soldier Who Has Been Made b
Brigade Quartermaster.)
Sto serve as president of a general court
martial in the United States army, and
t the first colored man to sit on a court of
Sarmy claims.
MaJ. Denison was born in San Antonio,
Tex., in 1862. He obtained his eariy ed
Sucation in the public schools of the Tex
as city. Later he was graduated from
I Lincoln university, in Pennsylvania, as
honor man of his class, and in 1890 was
I graduated from the old Union college
of law (now the law school of North
western university), carrying off the
highest honors for scholarship and being
elected as valedictorian and class ora
tor. In 1891 Mayor Washburne, ofChi
cago, appointed him assistant prosecut
ing attorney, a position he held through
the administrations of Mayors Harri
son, Sr., Hopkins and Swift, the last
named promoting him to be chief at his
department. In 1897 be resigned totake
up the general practice of law, in which
he built up a lucrative business, with
white persons as well as colored among
his clientage.
At the beginning of the Speaish
American war MaJ. Denisom joined the
Eighth regiment, Illinois national
guard, and was soon after comma sslcet
major, and took cc-.mand of the Third
battalion. He went to Cuba with his
regiment, and there Gen. Lawton made
him president of the general court-mar
,l pof the district, the only colored man
who ever held such an important place
in the army. Later Gen. Lawton ap
pointed him one of the three Judges of
the court of army claims at Santiago.
It was this tribunal before which all
claims for damage done to the property
of Cubans by the invading army were
brought
After being mustered out of the serv
ice with his regiment in 11998 Maj. Den
ison resumed the practice of law In Chi
cago with greater success than ever. He
is married, has a family and a hlad
some home.
ISAAC STBPBENSON. '
Venerable WIeeoadt dstrnee. BEar
Who Kay B e the Nest Sev
r emar t Is. Itate.
Isaac 8tephenson, who, acording to
the prophecy of William E. Curtis, wll
be the next governor of Wisconsin, has
done more. perhaps, than any other Ulv
ing man for the development of the In
I
Smberman wha MWe a. the Next Sew
eraor of Wmes tmlbj,
dastries s t hs stata. He was toe t I
New Bruswick I -1k, sad wrent to
Wiseo at. at ths e a AAler we&- 1
aish arlwsai Ush .1d I
aeaabsse, sad hewest the amvs o '
his terlae I imber.IM E r lHa
n ie t a
PARIS OF AMERICA
Mexico City Has Earned That Place
and Title.
The Meileas Metropolis Deelarled t
Be a Jewel Set ia the Crewn eo
the Sister Republic of the
Waited States.
Mexico City has been called the Paris
of America, and with good reason,
sa.-ely.
Mexico City is a jewel set in the crown
of our sister republic; it does not shine
with a light reflected from the great me
tropolis upon our eastern shore, nor
does it pale in close comparison. It
gleams alone undimmed and with a
radiance peculiarly its own.
Set upon a hood plateau, with the ever
snow-crowned mountains standing as
a sentinel, this lovely city commands
as grand a view as is to be found in all
the world. To the north a never-ending
chain of verdure-hung mountains, while
to the south the glowing tints and volup
tous beauty of the deep valleys and
tropic gardens lie dazzling in the golden
sunlight
Here you will find the contrast of
splendor and squalor, following the
avenues of stately homes and pampered
luxury will be the narrow alleys and
swarming byways, the home of pesti
lence and crime.
The aristocracy of Mexico is found
among the descendants of the pure Cas
tillian Spanish and, with the flowing
Mantilla and coffers of gold, have come
the hidden dagger, the slow smile and
treacherous hand of the Indian.
While you would miss the boulevard
cafe of gay Paris. you will find its mate
behind gorgeous gilded pillars and heavy
hangings. Here, if you wish, a fine lob
ster the waiter will bring a huge plat
terful of the crimson monsters that you
may have your choice and decide which
shall be prepared for your delectation.
A long drive, through overhanging
branches of ancient trees, will bring
you to the superb Tacubaya, the Monte
Carlo of Mexico. Here all day and all
night is the click of the wheel and the
clashing of the dies
A most charming trip may be taken to C
the floating gardens by way ao La Viga
canal. Here you glide gently along. pro
pelled by the long pole which your gon
dolier thrusts deftly against the bank
or some neighboring craft. You meet
long, shallow canoes loaded to the
water's edge with great masses of Sow
During the morning you will find the
streets and the shops crowded with gay
ly dressed shoppers, earriages blocking
Lis
th
he
tI
al
rd
THE WHITs HOUSE OF MEXICO.
0. the streets to front of a efashonable
II thurch, while the fower market does e
7 a thriving busiaes Bor cavalier or ma
Stiaed lady.
Right in the center of the city les the
l lovely Alameda, the queen parks or
k- plasas, with broad stretches of velvet u
- reen orange and magnolla trees
e spreading their fragrance over the
I. promenades. Here are great fountains
and magntcent statuary, while o each
side run broad avenues of amooth as
phalt, and shtatning dle r
One of these avenues peases between *
blocks of handsome buildlangs, until
Sturning sodenly it widens to twice its t
width, and starting from that magalr - r
cent bronse state t Charles IV., be- a
comes one of the most famous drives in
a the world, the Passeo de Is Reforms, a
a This magnatseat treteh of prmemade
a is narly three miles log, borded a
e each side by Sae statues of uforgt b
- beroes. Every once In a while it widens Z
Into an Immense dirde, to admit da ap
arge sad spiedid monument and tms.
This drive ends at the park ed asetle
t Chapaltepee, the pride of Manm lan. d
No plao s the world s theroe a spot t
to compare with this prinaely domain. 1
Hewed from the rok is the bath f b
Montseusm standg like guardians it
a row are countless mammoth ~wr
trs, the growth of centuries, sad T
aboveall, oa the crwn of a owr a
wreathed, rocky emnence, is the fhiry N
eastle of Manmramn'a bride. T
It would take pages to desriba the a
objects of inateaest and beat in this u
eity 'of the Asse The sQaramen to
pawn shop, the ra old eerabftl. ae, e N
end osr to St. Peters in Rm, ead
aloepa theMeresa e all the Satbw: the T
art geflese the emU es, al the bhe. .
dmie and eoa sbe tso nrest sad de
lih th as lat ma r dh love. a
and most pr~oegrs e nyo te m
naesstonbeuandiaaed,.me sea, i a
'er MSa m ee mA. a
Z1ttlO9 h*--Reggies zaeid fs to
to be married w's we grow uap
Nurue-- thoq ht you dlin.t N. Begs
tonsversatineam,am draer L baVe w
wan athe time tn sm bho w a
amaT khn yaen d l * is M
was,
nrak4i' 4eP
FIXING LENGTH ST
3ew a Ceastamt nit tof
Is Fixed and RMali
Ia Emslad.L
Preparations are being madelt
positing parliamentary copies t
imperial standards of length
floor of Westminster hall, saey ta.
. don Telegraph, of recent date.
The delicate undertaking, ,
being carried out in its initial
the first commissioner of worka,.
taken over on its completion
d standards department of the bow
L. trade as the responsible au
such matters. The standards. ist 1
o derstood. will be identical with
e which were placed some years #a
Trafalgar square. There are, ht
r four sets the first ranging from oe
t to an imperial yard. while the
a a pole or perch, the third a bciai
feet, and the fourth the standard
r ure of 100 feet. Students of
a scarcely need being reminded that
Edward decreed that there shoei
I but one standard measure-that
; Winchester-for all England, and ',
a na Charta contained a similar
with regard to weight. Strict
ment of the law was found imp
for generations, a great number at
tomary weights and measures
uing in use, especially in tras
relating to land, corn and wool.
however, parliament insisted up.a
observance of general uniformity.
1826 an imperial system of we.ghb
measures has been in vogue
the kingdom and an act passed Is
inflicts heavy penalties for using
and measures not recognized by the
Naturally, the "man in the streeat
quires to know how the standards
asoertained and established.
among the earliest standards of
were the palm, the foot and the
There were two leading cubits--the
tural cubit of Egypt, Chaldes,
and Greece, and the royal cubitof
phis. The Greek foot passed into
where it was divided into 12 inches.
Romans used a three-foot ulna,
Saxons adopted an ell. or yard ost
inches, based on the Roman foot
measurement remained in Ungl-ad,
though the lapse of time saw
modifications in the ell. So
progressed until 1760, when a copy
old yard measure found in the
London was made for a select
of the house of commons, and if
this copy was legalized by
with a direction that "iii the evesat
being lost the standard should be
ered by making the length of a
time second's pendulum in the
of London in a vacuum at sea levl
to 39.1-393 inches." Unfortunatl,
standard disappeared at the great
which destroyed the houses of
meat in 1834, and, as the
sequently appointed by the
royal reported against the mamcu
the pendulum method, the duty of
ing the lost standard was it
royal commission. It was not tll
that the task was accomplished.
the best secondary evidence a
the commissioners produced a
bar of gun metal, the distance
two lines on which, crossing gold
is one yard at t6 degrees
30 inches barometric pressure.
ied copies of this legalized
preserved at the mint, the royal
servatory at Greenwich,
square and elsewhere, so that the
tion now being made In W
hall Isaprecastion wh.h epe
shown to be necessary in a matter
arecting the commerdal life of
toan.
S AKI TO X-RAYS.
r
t madtatiema .1 igst That Have
SDeeiuaatd by the
SLetter "N."
h It has beeh fuad lately tht
tof the artidaal sources ofat light
radiatioas capable oa traversing
I als and a nulber of other
I paue to light; that is to my,
ti ts affecting the eye as light
rays, which are distinguIshed by
name d "n" enhance the
IMeOn a phosphorescent
and .L BUladlot, the well
sacientist, has employed this fa,
tryingl whether such rays are
by the ans, says the olads.
To this end he placed a tube o.
phorespent material, for
sulphide af calcium, behind a
panel or oakewthutter closing a
dow exposed to the sun and
the chamber dark. If now a pla*
lead, or even the hand, be
between the hutter and the tuba
p alhoreseesa dimlanlshe and
th plats is withdrawn it
The apsriment is so simple
manrg an ippat It The panel do
had a thlknessm a fifteen mill
The IhoP rescease is rather
at irat, and a sheet of black
any bi held a a backrond to
taube. Plates o aluminum and
beoad between the hautter and
tube do not prevenat the
The. "i" rays from the sun can
sencnatrated by a lens of
They are reflected by polished
and radiffused by ground glass.
the "n" rays irom a Crookes tube,
a Sae, those of the sn act a
aemal spark and a tiny flame so as
Ieream their brightness, but I.
oladlot has not obtained any
tggraphic ebet from these rays.
sedaes Prreerase.
The nlamems ot ftalishmen do4'
ei ig peerages are few. Mr. Joi
Walter was one, and the late
osltgus. ot Yorkshire, was a -
SWilliam Harcourt was a third .
M.r. tapQli a fourth. Sir
ieBasach Ealso declined a
bl antlpation in saying
whys the pujret was mooted that
d hi baronetcy (one oft
was a greater honor than
pestag
'2U..

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