oml tbo f
iai vea tb w
tU the allsli
par the c.t;
isbhole or dee.
Wr. Bar; I dsat
1Me *.J IL
1 s am
: t i ;·
'.msad I sowed
~~~iiRWma who~p wasouamtm
.t 1 y.r PlakL.
b. k e 4 e l t k w o n e [ iar ba ~
Uas my ImptW, *,a. y naasira
MR . BMW Ro lbs, ' Yq glvi 7 rem
-rn tbk ~bwm~UI~to a gap.
"W4, -6 Yrom* i as. tyou
ftuom iti bomt hat ash ember
ar 31, " aD0hL s saidr rd
as v am alway muss as
whoa I bir IwUGS4.udlgt~f ~I ma
flat s bw---ft - ti a't sa
" 1 ta.i tt TIt? pTe ridgy tl a
mIr. 1.11mwyet they emau it a
Yui; quite miferut from pMoltl
$. r~ aothc e inle abmut
Tb. Ukrt a nOt amtemeed, Lap
s rk we b as lleot .
M v e era i s w h e t h la i -
LU aim T £14 IW3a
/i. *. I
111A ti4ii·.] ·~~rtr
'EFSý ads ` 4 yý
t*LZ %cn y saGV7 x# '
.erg ý' ý s `.. ýý'ý
*Sigu vg. UmISd b
,z at oom Wmteh I p
IKC,~ u g.t t~
-. e-eth there is every appearance in
Sthe.great L.adon shops that the
pabli ibs to be trusted Implicitly, an
elaborate and carefully organized sys
tam o espionage prevails to eircumvent
tlb designs of the peripatetic thief and
the mafrauing kleptomaniac, says the
The Invisible detective, whose office is
sme uanuspected gallery in the cellfhg,
Whence from artfully designed peep
boles in the molding he can survey the
whole erthbllshment, is the most suc
eaesful foil to the shoplifter. But there
au only a few shops so structurally
asig ned that arvellance of this kind
is poesible. Some of the jewelers'
t ure palaces are guarded in this
.Mar, and, to make assurance doubly
e, no attedant is without his satel
it, who keeps a wary eye on the cases
- gmas exposed to the customers' In
pectian, standing at the salesman's
elbow while he is showing them.
At all periods a careful watch is kept
on those dress establishments that are
pervaded by women, but more especially
-t sale time, for It Is then that covet
ousness overwhelms morality most ess
lyr, and the crowded state of the shops
favors the picker-up of unconsidered
trWes A maager of one of the largest
estýBalhbments in the metropolis says
it is in those departments that are not
spacious that pilfering princlpally go
ea, and that in them detective supervi
siona s always most acute.
every shopwalk'r and counter at
tendant is in efect a detective, but there
are some proessionals Who assume the
gise to hide their real position. It is
the duty of each attendant when he is
aspCidoes of a customer to call the at
tention et the detective to her, not bls
tautly, but by prearrangsd sign. The
detective then keeps the suspect under
her Immediate eye. In the large em
-ptrm where wromep ehldy cowp
gate the mast eastent, because least
eo elauous, deteetive are women,
either employed as shopwalkers or as
When an attendant misses or thinks
be mises sometain, or notices dis
tusbia signs of thievery, he speaks to
th detective, who, as an elegantly
gabe customer, seats herself in a po
setle eema ing g rood view of the
amspect aud makess her purchases like
y .ether wemaa, all the hile gather
e data upon which to proceed. The
als umed by the shop detective
dlku day by dayr.
It thee hb nea result less desired by
eshop proprietor than another it is
to canvi a kieptomasase. Prosee
a do not .beart business. The
peerlaeors sIe4 is to prevent pilfer.
b wMary es aevable mesas. Hese
a.thladt e 13 trsed to what ltstheft
fb . aged the wrestpha baptredh r
La the art at parliingsa blamse
r oeM he Uaterd areu 13 asked
athe alne . miot am be aet
u her. lSb thebmt gist mbels
a° - aneagthebetsorvsal
iUh an Japlagy.. rtagn that
hi asNhig that mtel f mm
', iin esiae eactsureay aw
§sr s r eM b as this b as felling
t s hat im to the dati
=sens tar easepff ace in
#il frllm ask s they ilspan
the sthe at rem , the
lanas a sa1aoda t.a *e .eatet
as nsltinlIa s which it
= rtkstav hWasarale
fir Mo lth whie
:m, agpgrently Ao
Ssiw a tie itesctives
bl s t C at
cs ea iar orgeasisd
-~- -33~i c hNAX AN.
~,- lertmO 2 theLQ
tr t - -
'ý y.Fxtý .^'"',1, `ýý.ý CI"
Use and Abuse of Salt
By DR. HORACE BIANCHON,
of the Hospital of the City of Paris.
There is a widespread belief that salt is e
most important food-that its is useful to the dif
ferent organs of the human body in the perform
ance of their several functions, and that it is in
dispensable to the development and free play of
the intellectual faculties. This belief is strength.
ened by the fact that in those regions of the earthi
where salt is not to be found it is imported from
other places at great expense. Its use is universal.
In one of his recent works Albert Robin dem
onstrates that many of the states of fatigue and
depression to which we are subject are accompa
nied by a marked loss of the mineral elements of our organism, and
particularly of salt. In most persons suffering from neurasthenia
this loss is extreme. The success of the method now in vogue in
treating nervous diseases with glycerin-phosphate preparations and
saline injections is probably due to this fact. In this connection I
recall a thesis by Dr. Meyer on the subject of thirst, in which he tells
of several interesting experiments demonstrating that prostrations
or any state of great nervous excitation depends to a great extent
on the amount of salt carried by the blood.
While in certain diseases there is an excessive secretion of salt, in
others the same element is retained by the tissues in an abnormal degree.
If persons so affected are given salt in excess it will be found that the
cells instead of throwing the salt off again as waste matter, retain it
and it accumulates in the tissues. Such is the case with those whose
kidneys do not perform their functions properly.
This is what happens under these conditions: The tissues, be
coming saturated with salt, absorb water from the blood, and this infil
tration causes what doctors term "edema" or "anasarca."
Formerly doctors prescribed milk as a remedy for edema. Meats
of all kinds have always been considered harmful to sick persons, and
for that reason doctors would put their patients on an exclusive milk
diet. While milk is no doubt good for the sick, the uniformity of a
milk diet, in many instances at least, is a cruel punishment.
At this juncture Dr. Widal comes before the medical world and
shows by a series of experiments as precise as they are ingenious that
milk is beneficial to the heart and kidneys subject to edema, for the
reason that it is a food deficient in salt. For instance, if a person suf
fering from Bright's disease is given milk to which a quantity of salt
has been added it will be found that the inflammation and swelling
increases and the patient shows all the symptoms of auto-intoxication.
Now give him bread and meat prepared so as to be most easily di
gested, but without salt, the swelling and inflammation will disappear,
the kidneys will perform their function, and the general condition of
the patient will improve in a short while.
In the future the great problem in therapeutics and hygiene will
be, at it already is, just how far to restrict the use of salt in the case
of sufferers from rheumatism, dyspepsia, nervousness, gout, heart dis
ease, and kidney troubles. The abuse of the use of salt has as much
to do with causing arterioslerosis and the aging of our tissues as has
the abasive te of alcoholic stimulants.
Commerce Moving Westward
By HON.. J. P. McCUMBER,
.oa Sa. s ...mr m leKa. t abm..
E KNOW that the tidal wave of omemm~ is irresistibly
rolling westward. It requires little thought and Hlittle
study of world coaJitioa to convimce us that but a few
years will latp i .befor the great icamerrial business be
twe arthe old and the new world will be transferred from
the Atlantic to thePacific ocean.
The great tradingnations of the world understand this, and are
bending all their energy and diplomoaitc skil to secure and hold for
their respeive countries the Asiatic commerce.
is not sufficient that we secure trading ports in Manchuria. To
co with other natiopr of the world th. country should give our
ierchants ttoe than a negative support Individual effort shouldo be
backed by systiematic national sport sald assistance. Theiusiness
mne of the country4 reay to a to.the part.
The puosi asfor u paralleled industrial developanet of the
Chinese empire ar too weB klown and too well recoganed to neer
comment. Given an industrial people and natural resources d A
needs but one other elanent, modern mpcthih. to isure a wealthy
nation. China faridashes the frst two req site . Western enterprise
will furask the other. Although the earliest civilsation China is
practically a new and undeveloped qountry, ad these possibilities have
w preserved fi to present generation.
2;t -·Byp HiON. ZMAV1D gHlLn,
;Ia D lY of every Au ciisn wbo Ins his oui try a
m I#_ free institutions is Witn. tie- stod assist in the creation
a-c sent *&iet wahieb sl-da dend that no person
itih e shaft be p~ed t or except "dier due pmo.
;cccccosetb aa lawful f Odss wmad s trisilore a court and
I:ur*,as provided bf be wise mi ash eau ptroiuiuu @ ofr kderar
t and t iite l puirý so; stdeua to the pbic rel
best beapd ed is ever past ; f o ii- l =ind wherever ar
Awul~n hr u~m~1; an evey ua whether w to
e. oreIgt% bea* L prra , acted or unlettered,
r: d1rt fiedfe saaIty._ ;
"stc ue 'ohmexpessd i
- ~ *&~mqs rduuik slaouid be post
Agood doctr or lawyr or
ba s3.er i em mrn. He
asa sa d doe.sl
WHERE GOLD IS FOUND.
Iaterest.a IFaet. Coaeerutag the
Geolo. of Alaska sand the
In an article to the Engineering Maga
sine on gold-bearing gravels, John D.
McGillivray says: "'The gold-bearing
gravels of Alaska and the Canadian
Yukon extend from the one hundred and
thirtieth to the one hundred and forty
first meridian on the Canadian side,
and from the one hundred and forty-first
to the one hundred and sixty-eighth
meridian of west longitude in Alaska.
a total of 38 degrees, or over one-tenth
way round the world at that latitude.
North and south these gravels are found
from about the sixtieth to about the
seventieth parallel. They are found
along the Yukon river and most of its
branches, and on the Kuskokwl,. the
Copper river, the Seward peninsula and
on streams running Into Behring sea.
"What the actual area of these grav
els may be there is no means of judg
ing at present, and there will not be for
many years to come, because a large
part of them are situated far in the
Interior at long distances from river
transportation and so will not attract
the attention of prospectors or capital
lsts for some time. That they are far
more extensive than were the gravels
of California has been easily proved by
the amount of ground already located.
Up to December, 1898. there had been
located in the Klondike district alone
35.000 acres, and since then locations
have more than trebled that in this dis
triet and in the Stewart river country
adjoining. In addition to this the Can
adian government has granted conces
sions covering large areas of ground.
much of which is of only problematical
value, exceeding in area all the ground
that has been located by the miners.
"Into the Fgaty Mile district atone
have gone during the past year over
1.000 miners, many of them with small
capital, from the Klondike country.
Several hundred have gone into the
Tannana country, not only from Daw
son but even from the outside over
several hundred miles of snow-covered
winter trails. It is probable that the
mining population of Alaska will be this
summer double what it was last sum
mer. However. I do not anticipate a
very large increase in the output of
gold, for most of these men without
capital will do little more than secure
properties to work net season. Q s
a number are men who are eonnetei
with capital and have gone in with a
view of securing property to be pdaced
on the outside.
"Next year should show a conasder
aMe increase in the yield of gold, for
several outfts with capital are prepa.
ing for trge operations In the sle
ty Mile district on oe proprtis tint
I examied last summer the ousehr
(who are tLaden and New Yast eagI
tal.ts) are prepari to epenadd.a yu
S20,e0 for the purpose o btringal as
water under presanuet about a see
to work several hundred aca se(em
that they own. In the alreC >b
country John Or0r has ut ua s a
shovel to wetek Mmmlsoth msk.
Iar large operations are being
taken In a fetlr the i iesa
tthis mark a new era it siaiss io th
oneeh--r change ormoiecranids. ie
to newer and eheapermeteats."
UOUUNK3Ts @7r MeoST P3I~3RCCl -:~
Upheaval Ywim us Ua1 mageO
Sim" s - df hkas to Wallh
PrLo Aspio 3s11ts. whosw
Is o·r w Y ·rrs
is dowbtinm wall huealr psT :
E.t bmmseaae which b.-bmOIb
,thIe. s l l atmi.. in to t
" rbrtalfn f wthe imow at
.N ametka hail s as bemsetrs g
SOMMIS bM bratbi h, last s º
te [at 3 teat atr th e ham
ReI uupu emis thm a b as*
,eins4 put at toure uwd ~
at thim.eao - as s Homist
Is the wne" at lour das thmaS
mbe e, dowatim at n bet. It Ul a
asbin, hewaver. that the lom
movemnmt at the a- hi at -
sdesad that It hadat aos.tees.
This uahmsl ummout, aeewimt rdl
PreL H ikt sntubass bae twi -
- hbi saigh mr. tfJ ath
thiat -s th Waddgme seeomirl
Ofat what ate! psesM demwr
dot. at this sintew-lsi o "mw
h e a eu1 . ,R m at t Uulw ph e a O t .
have toads" aht be vt bays
oee- in imiaatl to md wt wbhm i
a ~ep. Yhephmierna u3*..'t
Itm usmambe" bihssa rer . i -
uhatweve wa *ehid Is 1WSt The se
e U t Obm a ph ae4 g rly M
that iabi arlatea matl haa>,n Ia
helt.vh ted. It Is sot hewever, fa
purie that te may have bemn y a
atiLt .jeil iLUvathu s d bat
the ,.e t ueasff.istlma I simpl
-wcl that the btsrbhacs have sm.a
Wembed low leva at Lava.-8clnatls
~ ~l- - -tC ~r
f inomrcb. o rathr, eht at
sog the esala' or prW4
sameY d ba ooaaU7 is IfI
TAW this .bmtry isastl
fIn shtini ooso bt
i the aesd b l ?
bet thet is JWl S~ui4
u K -'1
xml | txt