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FRANCE AND PAPACYj.
EINGAGED IN IBA3inaL .rAP
xAY 3rM 1 P wR4eZ.
Treuble Began Fiv Years Ag and
Came to a Head When Papal Sec
retary of State Criticised
Paris (France) SpeciaL
France has recalled her ambassador
to the vatican beease of the papal
protest to the powers on President
Loubet's recent visit to Italy.
The present quarrel between the
government of France and the vatican
dates from the republican-socialist
coalition which in June, 1899, placed
the Waldeck-Rousseau ministry in
power. That coalition still exists un
der the ministry of Premier Combes.
When Waldeck-Rousseau became
premier of France in 1899, the militant
order of the Roman Catholic clergy,
including the Jesuits and the As
sumptionists, were believed to have
been conspiring with the royalists and
Bonapartists against the republic. The
socialists and republicans, who were
in power, demanded legislation to curb
the secretly growing power of the cler
gy. Waldeca-Rousseau, in the face
of the protests of Pope Leo, framed
the now famous "law of associations."
The bill became a law on July 1, 1901.
The association's bill was in no way
directed against the parish clergy.
They were left undisturbed. The per
sons aimed at were the members of
religious corporations, auxiliary asso
ciations of the church and responsible
only to the pope. Headed by the Jesu
its, the Dominicans, the Assumption
ists and the Passionists, these so
cieties, with their enormous member
ship and wealth, had for their objects
nothing connected with French na
These associations, under the Wal
deck-Rousseau law, were required to
report to the French government their
rules, names of their officers and
members, and their places of meeting.
If they failed to do so within six
months their association was to be
dissolved and their property confis
The law further prohibited the re
ligious associations from conducting
CARDINAL MERRY DEL VAL.
(P l Scretary of tate Whos Note Of
private schools ulem satharied to
The law d ii as.atlos natuOrally
stream s oppadtioa- from
vatieas, adadner iastructiona
Rome 'the Catholic bishop in
relisted its enforcement Only
a few at the religious aeodatioa ap
ied far sathorsatloas which would
permit thesm to eslAt. There were in
Frsag when the law went nto effett
on July 1, 1l01, 1l,4 rellious aso
catloms. Of( this aumber 11,227 re
t.hs !o obey the law.
The law was vigorously enatored
aAd the REan Cathelic erdearwere
eompelli to leave Fraoe. The As
smwemelsts, Jesults and Passioasts
pifeed their proerty outside it French
rsieetionl, sad msouat homes in Rag
.ad, the-Utaltte States and elsewhere.
Tb.e Opralites sad Benedictine nuns
ifoud a reuge ain agland, Switser
bad, Spaain ad Italy. The Jesuits
-sa their novies to Holland . ad
themelve weont to Jersey, Syria,
spt sad other eamntries. Belgium
,eatied a great aumber refugees.
e (Cimbe .w ,e ueeseded Waldeck
Nammsa, eaoreed the law as .vigor
ea~ry. All elos schools which re
sel to recosai se the laws at P~F ce
wer elom ax theuaand monastic
seubos te to 'apply for am
a theba a. Oambes dsed 4,00. at
tham, -teaO a usat -mmatestat le
. waf ees v stherum wee be
lsa ý t the swom
at the a wmt b P s b k-t
hnnees wes eits
-P P -0 e.h a
eras dut, -ia
DOG IS HIGHLY HONORED.
Bws eas as a Oolletsr for Charity
Le Citisens to Pr.set Him
London (Eug.) Spial
Probably no dog has ever been dis
tinguished in as odd a way as the one
shown in this picture, who has been
made the recipient of an illuminated
address for his services on behalf of
charity. And he is much more deserv
ing of this typically English honor than
many a titled bigwig who has merely
lent his name to some benevolent un
dertaking. During 1903 the intelligent
little animal collected no fewer than
2.000 coins, ranging from pounds to pen
nies, for the Victoria infirmary, at
HIGHLY HONORED DOG.
(Presented with Illuminated Address by an
Northwich, Cheshire, England. At the
end of the year the box in which he de
posits his receipts was found to contain
far more money than was obtained by
any other single collector. So he has
fairly earned his distinction.
His name is "Prince," he is five years
old, and a fox terrier. He does not go
about with a box slung around his neck
- with a sign on it, like most money-col
lecting dogs who play the part of mere
carriers. He Is a genuine collector.
I When he encounters anybody whose ap
pearance leads him to infer that he has
money to spare, "Prince" immediately
s begs of him by sitting up on his hind
legs. As it is well known in Northwich
what he wants, and what use he makes
of the money given him, his appeals are
seldom unsuccessful. The qins he col
lects he deposits himself in a box kept
for that purpose. He did not have to be
taught to beg for money either.
"About three years ago," writes his
owner, Arthur Holland. of the Sports
man's inn, Northwich, "he developed a
mania for waiting about in the hope, ap.
patently, of picking up a dropped coin
Whenever customers placed money on
the table 'Prince' would immediately
prick up his ears, run from whatevel
part of the house he happened to be, and
sit up patiently as it waiting for some
thing. One day, a gentleman accident
ally knockled a two-shilling piece from
the table and although a thorough
search was made for it it could not be
found. Some time afterwards it was
found that Prince bal it in his mouth."
After this episode Prince's coin-col'
leeting talents were utilised, and from
an ordinary, irresponsible dog, who did
nothing for his keep, he speedily devel.
oped into a valuable member of societ
who does far more than pay his ows
- way in the world.
HISTORY OF AN OLD UOAK.
nuilder of Frigate Constitution Of
fared sevIenty Diars for It,
But Didn't Get It.
Boston (Ma) Special
Standing on East street, Dedham. not
far from the railroad, its majestic hbight
and massive trunk suggestive of its cen
turies of life, its gnarled and twisted
limbs silently speakln of the ountless
storms it has survived, is the Avery
oak, the most famous tree within the
town, If not. for miles around.
01de4 than the town itself, it has wit
nessed the passage of the red man and
the comlaing of the white, the fadtng away
of the primeval forest before the on
march of civilization, the turning of
THE DBRAM WR A] .
(Omw o the est Famens TTre to the N.e
nooke" teootwera paths into gi
M sd latomeed
. eo.a the tree se s e Nrpartwor the
gts, thrst U th. eDgin bator
estua w ary itseao r i the lstt
e .arda r the treelath renstrr.t het
it enAm mant. pert of the famie
Amaefas tigate b ", r am
St 8 . t'ror tbetiee u waasheete hby
avsi u e lti 26 .het W804.
4ntk nm vqIeI N pis oe :to rs.--.
- eanr M met p. l t, p -
; ?p' ililto~. ·-ziaS: ';
JUST A LITTLE JOKE.
PLAYED BY THE JOVIAL MAYOR
OF GOWEIB, IOWA.
Issued Ukase Threatening to Impose
Pines on All Single Persons
Many Took the Edict in
Sioux City (Ia.) Special.
When E. W. Sorber, mayor of Gow
rie, Ia., was in Sioux City the other
day for the purpose of gaining entrance
to Za-Ga-Zig temple and the shrine of
Haroon-Ar-Rasheed, caliph of Bagdad,
he was besieged with eager strangers
who desired to know his cure for race
E. W. Sorber is the mayor who issued
an edict, shortly after he entered upon
the duties of his office, requiring that
every girl of marriageable age in the
ba!llwick of Gowrie propose during leap
year or pay a heavy fine. The proclama
tion created a sensation. Old maids
who had lived alone for years turned a
bilious green and said all manner of
things about the mayor. But there was
more to the edict than the mayor sup
posed. It was published in the local
paper and a Chicago Chronicle writer
saw it. He visited the village--secured
the picture of the mayor and in a few
weeks the mayor of Gowrie was known
far and wide by as many people as the
thane of Cawdor or Tom Johnson, of
"It do beat the band, don't it, what'll
come of a josh," said Mayor Sorber, as
he leaned back in an easy-chair and
drew a puff of black Havana that short
ened the weed an inch. "Now, I see
they've got my mug in the paper agin'
and I would like to have a word to say
about this. It's been the chief oy of
my life and I want to explain.
"One day last winter Comrade George
Couch and me was sitting out on the
step. I had a Gowrie paper and had
been reading it; there wasn't anything
doing there that week, three men drove
down Main street in a carriage and
that's all. George said I ought to write
something for the paper and make it
more interesting. I agreed to do it, and
as I was mayor of the town and one of
the principal citizens I wrote an ukase
or proclamation. 'cause it was leap year,
and told the young girls around town
that they would have to propose or be
MAYOR E. W. 80RBER.
(Iowa Official Who Issued an Authoritatlve
Leap Year Ukase.)
fined heavy, 'cause we needed more fam
ilies in Gowrie.
"It was a joke, of course it was. Some
people in the town thought it was in
earnest and got awful mad; others were
tickled to death; but the pesky news
papers were what got me into trouble.
A man came out from Chicago and wrote
it all up, then the St. Paul and New York
papers took it up and the letters com
menced to pour in. Since then letters
have been coming to me from girls, grass
widows and unmarried women all over
the world-yes, siee, all over the world,
for I have half a dozen from London,
one from Liverpool and one or two from
Edinburgh. In this country there was
not a singie state in the union from
which I have not received letters and
"The other day I got a letter from a
lady n Louisville, Ky. It was a nice,
womanly letter, written in dead earnest,
and she wanted to know all about me
and said there were two or three girls
there who would like to know more of
the. young men of Gowrie. Of course I
have had some letters from girls who
were fust joshing, but on the other hand
there were letters and photographs
came from real nice girls, in dead ear
"I can't say what effect the ukase has
had on our little village. The other day
an old man married a widow-I don't
know whether she proposed or not.
There have also been a half domn other
weddings in our city recently. Can't
sy the women did the proposing be
mease they were afraid of bean ined,
but they are married-that's all that is
Apl the mayor of Gowrie went on to
inl about some of the correspondence
and some of the proposals which he had
recealved as a resulted his attempt to
make the home newspaper more inter
estinh He shook noticeabh as he men
timed gagns into the hihas, for, beIng
a modest man, he had some er fear
and antlcipatins, which made him col
let his thoughts with a great deal of
efbhrt. On the way here from Des
Maens he. had been handcufed to as
ether man's wife and then her husband
had been called, plading him in the most
e ariraetg position Iassinable, sed
tLibiat ght f agaln returning to such
i a i or ,aythng lIke it, made the
'old ma 3w the oor restlessly, ant
-ie .b lar wished he was inais quiaet
. i 't.u, ereamldeneoer
Sret ad ear
ulB elfthe e 5o.
A WOMAN PHILANTHROPIST.
Mrs. Phebe Hearst Is Past Mistress
in the Art of Practical and Help
SBa Francisco (Cal.) Special.
A quiet, cultured, enassuming wom
an who does not care to shine in the
fashionable world, but who is well en
titled to write philanthropist after her
name, is Mrs. Phebe Hearst, mother of
William Randolph Hearst, who is mak
ing such strenuous efforts to become
president of the United States.
Mrs. Hearst is a wise rather than an
ostentatious giver, and never employs
a herald to proclaim to the world what
she is doing or going to do. Practical
MRS. PHEBE HEAJST.
I (California Lady Who Stands at Head of
and truly helpful benevolence has always
characterized her giving.
Years ago she become deeply inter
ested 1,. kindergarten work, and was
largely instrumental in introducing it
Into this country. Out of her abundant
means she established and has main
tained five kindergartens and a manual
training school in San Francisco and the
same number in Washington city.
The needs of working girls have al
ways appealed to her, and out of her sym
pathy for them she established several
working girls' clubs in San Francisco,
and thus introduced an inspiring and
L helpful element Into their lives which
has been productive of untold blessing.
She also gave the American university
at Washington $20,000 to build a na
tional Catholic school for girls. As a
memorial to her husband, the late Sena
tor Hearst, she maintains a miners'
school at the University of California.
Mr. Carnegie of late years would seem
to monopolize the giving of libraries, but
he does not possess a copyright on the
plan. Mrs. Hearst was before him in
this particular field. She has built and
endowed free libraries at Lead City. S.
D., Anaconda. Mont, and other mining
towns, and given them thousands of vol
umes of the best literature. She has
manifested her interest in higher edu
cation by paying the cost of a competi
tion for plans for a greater University
of California, and will erect two build
ings of accepted designs to cost $3,000,
000 or $4,000,000.
KEEPING TAB ON EMPLOYES
Graphic Delineation of Characte*
Given by Keans of a Simple
But Ingenious Card.
.- good idea for saving time in look
ing through the testimonials of appll
cants for employment is given in the
Magazine of Commerce. It consists of
a chart, as shown in the illustration.
The use of this chart would be of ben
eft to the four classes of people princi
L The late employer of the owner
of the character in question, as he would
be put to a minimum of trouble in giv
ing the testimonial required.
2. The prospective employer, who
would more readily pick out the men
whose high marks were in line with the
qualities most necessary for the vacant
3. The present employer, who, in a
large establishment, is not always able
(Chart Which Shows Good and Bad Polnts
at a Blngle Glance.)
to be familiar with the characters o all
his employes, and would, therefore, and
it useful to obtain periodical character
sheets from his departmental heads, to
the more readily note the way his stad
4. The owner of the character him
self, who would and it greatly bene leal
to see himself as others saw him, in a
more complete sense than is usual.
As a mattgr of Interest the reader k
reeommaded to try hishand at .rawag
his ow character curve,and to eoantre
it with curves drawn by is frieadstrom
their knowledge at him. Most peopS
would be gurpre at t.m di o.erees
dish ed.rovide strict hoanesty Is ob
serv. is makipgupthereeord. Itwill
eo esadtheathe enauls ,le notalwa y
sAtterius t er's ffetteomesIt, but the
- Is ntcham gerhasm
rt. Use Trying.
He-Snppa.e I should ask your father
if I could marry you? Do you think I
would stand any cnance?
She-No; your case would be hopeless.
"Do you think he would really say
"Not that: but he would leave it to
Saved by Early Instruction.
Mrs Crawfoot-I'm glad we taught our
boy Hiram sever to loaf around corners.
Mr Crawf-ot-Got another object les
" es; the paper says a young man lost
a fortune on a corner in Wall street."
A Druggist's Story.
Coelledo, Mo, June 6.-Mr. Adolph
Gerhardt, Ches ist and Druggist of this
place was so ill with his back and kidneys
that he could's't work. He was very bad
and did not seem to get any better till
he began to use Dodd's Kidney Pills. He
was so delighted with the results he got
from this remedy that he wrote:
"Dodd's Kidney Pills are a God-send to
suffering humanity. I was down on mE
back from FI idney Trouble so bad that
was unable to work. I began to use
Dodd's Kidn-y Pills and before I had
finished one box, I was able to go to work
again. I have not had any Kidney Trouble
since. I will always recommend Dodd's
Many such cases are being reported from
all over the stats and Dodd s Kidney Pills,
solely on their merits and by the wonder
ful and perfect cures they work, are
established as the standard remedy foe
Backache and all Kidney Complaints.
"He's too honest to use money on ea
"Well," said Senator Sorghum, "I don't
kLwqg. Maybe he's too honest and then
again, maybe he's t;mo economical."-Wash
If a man loses all his money he also
manages to lose nearly all his enemies
-Chicago Daily News.
Character is incotruptible cash.-Chiea'
For Infant and
The Kind You H
,C Bears the
Osn&Morgiww meorineral o
WoUT XRa C OTIC.
Apufecl Remedy forCos lpa
l. Signe.re For Or
NEW R . Thirty Yea
LEAN BABIES FA
SICK BABIES W,
- VwT.thinge. an ..S9mmr l
O..tak MN Ctss b Aay P
Is Pessut to Tate.
Guaranteed to C
PYM, e aEd .0 wmw. _E'. _ S.3 lr all a
HAYFIELD MEDICINE HNFG. CO., ST.
. EST FliE NsWW
PATENTS ewe. & A A
_mma_ a _._Mm_ . wraeOPSY ""Ls
, .aU.l ..0m'ssmeS. ar
The Engines of War,
At a dinner during the Fran
war Disraeli did not open his
near the end of the entertaiar.nmo .
he observed in his most sententia.
er: "The French embarked in this
cause they conceived that they
superiority in arms of precision;
the chassepot and they had the
leuse (which he pronounced
louse"); but of the thiru engi;n
man, they did not possea a even a
specimen." This said, he relapga
perfect silence.-From the Diary q
DMountstuart Grant Duff.
Rice to Go Up.
Patience-Now, I see there is
Patrice--Just as if there were
ready enough obstacles in the way a.
It Cures While You Walk.
Allen's Foot-Ease is a certain e '
lot, sweating, callus, and swollen,
feet. Sold by all Druggists. Price 25e
acceptany substitute. Trial package
Address Allen S. Olmsted, Le Roy,
According to a New York p.i
poliheeman shot a man in the Bower,
will probably recover, as that '
vital spot.-lndianapolis Journal,
Dropsy treated free by Dr. H. H.
Sons} of Atlanta, Ga. The greatest
specialists in the world. Read their
tisement in another column of this
A friend in need is a good thin, -
times, but I always maIke the himL
dollars.-Field and Stream.
Fits stopped free and permanently
No fits after first day's use of Dr.
Great Nerve Restorer. Free $2 trial
treatise. Dr. Kline, 931 Arch at.,
We have noticed that a good
apt to talk too long.-Atchison
Piso's Cure cannot be too highly
as a cough cure.-J. W. O'Brien,
Ave.. N., Minneapolis, Minn., Jan. I,
What a great wrath a little ss
leth!--St. Paul Globe.