Newspaper Page Text
HEAD OF A NEW DEPARTMENT
C(harlis J. Brand, chief of the newly created division of markets under the agricultural department's new rural 'organization service, las the job of attempting to better market condi tion:s, and thereby reduce the cost of living. his work will be educational an:d he will endeavor to create a high standard in packing and shipping food products to prevent waste. Co-opera tive markets for the producers will ,,be tried and everything will be done to better the quality of the produce ) and to make its cost lower by estab lishing a standard method of market ing. The possibilities of the plan are large and will involve questions of highway and railroad transportation. It is understood that country commu nities will be urged to co-operate as largely as they can in selling their products. It is understood the plan is ultimately to go further afield than marketing, for the development of the agricultural community is interlaced with the social development of the com munity in such a way that the officials think that one cannot be considered without considering the other. The department, so the officials say. does not want to go too deeply into the problems of the individual farm family, but wants to encourage the com munities so far as possible to develop themselves. They do not want to do ,.anything for the farmers officially that can be done by the farmers them selves. At the same time the aim of the division will be to discover and work out effective methods of community development. One problem will be to discover the natural boundaries which mark an individual community and urge the members in that circle to trade and exchange products among themselves when that is feasible, and to cocoper ate effectively when buying and selling outside. It has been found by observa tion that great economies can be effected in many communities by co-opera tive buying as well as selling. Mr. Brand was born in Minnesota in 1879, is a graduate of the university of that state and is by profession a botanist and agriculturist. L PROTECTOR OF AMERICAN BIRDS Dr. William T. Hornaday, director of the New York Zoological park. ap peared in Washington a few days ag before the senate committee to " ask the congress of the United States to stop the activities of the American people in the extermination of birds for millinery purposes. On the day of his return to this city he told the writer that fully 100 spe ies. of the most beautiful and curious birds of the world are now being ex terminated to meet the demands for t plumes, feathers and skins to use on women's hats. . He called attention to such salient bets as these: The number of wild birds annually espaumed by the feather trade Is so eosrmons as to challenge the imagi The whole world is under tribute. No species is spared for sentimental reasons. And the most beautiful and most a-pus species arq the ones in the greatest danger of extermination. For instance, the exquisite birds of paradise are being externilnated lter ally before our eyes, and the extermination of a species is a crime. The eamter and lesser birds of paradise and the Jobi bird of paradise are now aearly extlact. The beautiful quetsal of Guatemala cannot be obtained alive at any price. The scarlet Ibis, roseate spoonbill. Carolina parakeet and flamingo are now - hrever gone from the bird fauna of the United States-thanks, says Dr. S Hrnaday, to the feather hunters. IS NOT A MENACING FORCE T*enty-flve years ago, on June 15. I.-88, the sudden death of the German Emperor Frederick, after 100 days of reign, brought to the throne of the German empire his son Wilhelm II., only twenty-nine years old, and looked y ,upon as an autocratice and impulsive youth wrapped up heart and soul in military matters and thirsting for military glory. When, soon after his accession, he broke with Bismarck. the iron chancellor, making it per fectly clear that he lntended to be sole master In Germany, the appre henslons uas to what his reign might , bring became graver and more wide spread. Within his own dominions " and abroad Wilhelm was considered a menacing force-a potential war lord. -- I lNow, 25 years later, he is acclatmed everywhere uas the greatest foactor for peace that our time can show. It was hbe, we hear, who again and again -'I ~threw the weight of his dominating personality, backed by the greatest military organisat ion the world-an orglnisation built up by himself--linto '- the balane hr peace whenever war clouds gathered over Europe And, a every hand, this is entbuaiasticaJlY acknowledged by his on taP@mporrais. Ja thia twenty-fith year of his rule eminent men here and ahr ad are latolang a chorus of praise to him uas the great peace lord of the S spite o all tsa stentatioa, Germany Is working splendldly and is e "v ig forwar with the best tin seeine and art sad eoonomicsl and law. Herein te, the emperor with bhis Inceeat enrgy represent the noblest Impulses of the popular feelln. ENGLAND'S PEACE ADVOCATE One thing European statesmen and writers are agreed apon is In giving the British minalaster for foreign at , air the credit of winding up the . alkan war and in preserving the greatly threateped mpeace of the re metnder of Iarope. , mganor of Euanr e., a noted Italian pilomat and writer, for Instance. says: "It was a stroke of good for tae for the Liberal party uas soon as i returned to power to be able to e-trust the directiba of foreign policy to Sir Edward Grey, who during the Seouth ~Mrean war had separated him - alt tfrom the party and avowed him ' selif an Imperialist. His Liberalism was enlightened-tempered by a sense a. reality and respect for the splrit of t' h race. Quietly. withoet any shock. h4 was able to take up and develop " t work of ILrd Lanadows when t: hi advent of the Liberals to power ,.i esased a fear lest the foreign -. a the Unitaed Kingdom might rs en abrupt and radical change. From the outset of hia career .as rhe was able, naturally and with innate hfacility, to find the Just path. i resamssnred al those, within the diplomatic world and without, who tbs th aesumptin of power by the Radiesle might be fatal to Eg. aUd te reats. in the opinion ot Signor amausel is the word ags aher, secounts hr ahee main of "Iis ensesdtben *5gbe new aSsess waksI roame (e a sllim. READY FOR THE LADIES OF THE WHITE HOUSE Ii i i ...i_..: ...::.. IýI This is one of the spacious and Inviting verandas of "'ilarlakenden lHouse" at C'ornish, N. H., selected by President Wilson as the summer White House. The ladies of his family preceded him th~ere. The place is the summer home of Winston C'hurchill. an~d is situated on a beautiful estate of 700 acres. ·'' :: :~ ''·~--~r c~m ~ -~-P~R. 181~Q3~48 ~ aV ~i.:.~*; y~r4 Thsi n ftesaiu and9~u invitlingvrndMo :Ialkne llose at1~ (-- ornie \ eetdb Presden Wiso athsuerW iteHue h aiso i aiypeee itteeTepaeih summer hoeo ison(hrhl. n sstatdo eutflett o 0 ce IS UNCROWNED KING Paderewski Meets Royal Recep- t tion in Native Land. out M , Dreams of a United Poland-Practl- chi cal Nature of Wife Has Kept Mu- an( sician From Leaving Concert Stage for Politics. cat Warsaw.-Ignace Paderewski. the cot pianist, is the uncrowned king of Po- mc land, says Warsaw correspondent. rt. Whenever he appears in any town in of the ancient Polish republic he is he greeted with that royalty and enthu- he slam which belongs only to popular me monarchs. There is a royal halo Ge about Paderewski's presence in this to country, whether it be in the part bet that lies under Russian. Austrian or is German rule. When he goes out. ref crowds wait below to cheer him as he mi leaves the hotel. When he enters a an theater, those who cannot get inside the wait for hours outside in the hope of an catching a glimpse of him and cheer nlug him on his way home. When he an gives a concert, it is as if a king e, held audience. Ed The pianist's growing popularity itl troubles the authorities, especially In , Ri Germany and Russia Poland. The Pc Russian pollee have an idea that he will one cfne day get himself crowned on the concert platform, between a sa Ionata and a rhapsody. Ik Always an ardent patriot, even when poor and unknown. Paderewski TI now spends huge sums on his country. of If it were not for the more prac tical influence of his wife, Paderewski. 81 rich as he is, would be poor. No ap- th peal for his country or less fortunate fellow countrymen can he hear in vain. imme. Paderewski has made a TI rule of being present at all business interviews. This has made het many Fc enemies. Paderewskl would like. of all things, to buy an estate in Poland. Mme. Paderewski has. so far, dis suaded him, in spite of friends' influ ence pulling the other way. His im- t mense popularity probably would set er the authorities against him. And ba Paderewski gives way. They retire to de ar HOLD WINE 1,600 YEARS OLD Famous Bottle in German Museum Was Taken From an Old Ro man Tomb. Berlin.-Wine of the "wonder-year," 1911, the higher grade qualities of which are just coming on the whole sale market, is attaining record prices at the auctions at Mayence, Treves and other centers in the Rhine and Moselle districts. Seven thousand marks ($1,725) for a cask of Nierstein or Karnsburg of the vintage of 1893 had for years occupied the top of the list in wine auction at once ran the prices, but the bidders at this year's auction at once ran the prices for 1911 grades up to almost double this, the record figure reached for a "tuder" (a cask of about six hundred quarts) of Plasporter from the vineyard quarts) of Plesporter from the vineyard of Count von Kesselstadt, for which 14. 010 marks ($3,500) was paid at the auction at Treves. This is a rate of almost $4 a bottle for two-yearold wine in the cask. The values of wine bring to mind the famous bottle in the historical mu seum of Speyer. This container is of antique shape and was found in a Roman sarcophagus unearthed in 1867, to which is attributed an age of one thousand six hundred years. t The bottle contalns a white wine. d covered on top with a resinous sub- I stance which was once olive oil, placed a by the Romans in the necks of wine g bottles as a means of excluding the air s asd preserving liquid. 1 Analysis proved the fluid to be wine, f and other objects in the sarcophagus t show that It dates from about 300 A. 1 D. a NO EVIDEICE OF A TUNNEL Questleon as to How General Morgan scaped From Federal Prison u Not Settled. c Columbus, O.-The questlon. Did Gen. John H. Morgan. the dashing Con- a federate raider, tuonnel his way oat of t a eel in the Ohio pealteatury while a a prisoner of war, or did his guards al- I lo whim to eseape? a snbject of wide j disusle s slnee the war of the si- t ) ties.h n bes eg sttIed b trls 1 M1orges after each Polish visit; but this, his friends say, will be his last out of Poland. in Morges is their Swiss home, where ke Mine. Paderewski finds life perfectly sk charming, with her wonderful fowls and parrots. at 1 me. Paderewskt enemies contend at that she keeps guard over him be- ti cause she fears that he will become to so intensely interested in his own on country that he will want to give no ho more concerts and will thereby be rt.ined. Some three years ago, when sti in Austrian Poland. where in Cracow ca he unveiled the historical monument he had given to hit countrymen in memory of a famous victory over the so Germans, many tried to persuade him th to enter politics, to become a mem ber of the Austrian parliament, for he is a splendid public speaker. Pade-1i rewski hesitated. The suggestion had i much charm for him. But reflection, I and his wife, persuaded him to refuse the offer. He went back to Morges- lo and the concert hall. tb In England Paderewski's influence , and high social position have made t even statesmen like Asquith and Sir ', Edward Grey, absorbed in larger pol- dl I itics and afraid of offending mighty ,w I Russia, interest themselves in the a Polish question. I The victorious Bulgarians paved the tr way for their successes in much the ly same manner. They had no Paderew-' st ski, but King Ferdinand went around a, Europe "booming' his little country. a. Thanks to his efforts, the world heard w of Bulgaria, which was merely Tur-e key's slave forty years ago. The Slav world is -aking up to great d: things. 01 TRIBUTE TO TITANIC HEROES IN Fountain in Washington Will Be f Memorial to Major Butt and Artist Millet - Washington.-Work on the founda tions for the beautiful fountain to be p t erected to the memory of Major Archi bald W. Butt, military aid to Presi. o1 dent Taft, and Francis Millet, the a artist, who lost their lives in the TI- - n F a , ar Archib w. Butt p Ds tan d ter, is to begin a 4e L diate future, it was announced here.1 SThe site of the fountain will be im-i e mediately behind the White House I e grounds and lpressulve ceremonies r will mark the memorial's dedication. The fountain is the remembrance of i, friends of the two men from all over : as the United States. The site was given I by the government through a special act of eongess I away the cel blocks In which General Morgan was held. Partial exploration of the air shaft under the Mor8an cell by prison ofB* clals failed to reveal the evidences of the taunel to the satisfaction of those a who cotend that the noted raider was allowed to pass out of the front gate of Sthe big tnstitatlon. The exploratons I a so far conducted, it is asserted, fall - to show that the tunnel under the Mor a edl had Aay oatlet or that it ex tended ior sy ertaieraie dlstahe STho eea fu brlae itw donc tooet, .b- Te . of tef i w ICANE IS NOW PROPER THING me the r Women Carry Walking Sticks In Fifth tion. Avenue and Central Park, peact New York. anoti - radet New York.-The women are carry- eroui ing canes again. The idea is quite in past, keeping with waistcoats and slashed that skirts. valor Sometimes a new fad takes a peep then at fashiondom; a few alert ones catch grasl at it and appropriate it for a short other time. Especially are Americans slow has I to take up new and faddish ideas. But how on its second appearance it goes like male hot cakes. adde Do you remember the "swagger men! sticks," as the English army officers matu call them, that a few women carried tion two or three years ago? how The ones carried now are larger. Ies t some of them, and every excuse under that the sun is given for carrying them. clout In London, Paris and Rome the will most fashionable women, old and mena young, are carrying them, so that they crow are quite as usual as a parasol would heirs be here. The new canes are about a foot Be longer than the gentleman's cane; plete that is, about 48 inches. They are men much lighter in weight add come in field two varieties, one with a small knob deva and the other with the curved han- were die. Ebony is perhaps the smartest migi wood used, with pimento or Malacca Thel a close second. look London is quite mad over the par- lisht tridge wood, although this is distinct- as, t ly a rougher cross country walking in ai stick. The color is mottled, about the it is same as the partridge bird; and there H are distinct ridges every two inches nati which resemble the lines of the feath- yeat ers. With a rough tweed suit this of I looks better than the smoother woods com do. One of the most delicate, on the greu other hand, is the throstle wood, a beat pastel greenish blue. which is dainty And enough to be carried with the new wits silk suits. pow Although not a few of the canes to have appeared on the avenue, one of squa the large umbrella houses is selling a star dozen a week to the members of the mat ultraexclusive set. Perhaps the best the place to see them is in Central Park tak, in the early morning. This morning nos or beauty walk has become quite a fad wu among the debutantes of upper Fifth sect avenue. fact tol POISON ON TOAST FOR CHILD rigi day "The Devil Got Into Me," Pleads Do- not meetic of Fifteen, Accused to of Plot. day clea Philadelphia. Pa.-Marion Gibbs, call fifteen years old, of Neshaming, was can arrested on a charge of trying to of poison Sarah Schaffer, six years old, daughter of Henry Schafer. L She is said to have admitted that Get she spread poison on some toast bread Bar she prepared for the girL" Asked to nm: explain her conduct, the girl is al- bell leged to have exclaimed: "The devil Go got into me and made me do it! I sell did not go to Sunday school." mo Mr. Schaffer, father of Sarah. said ed he believed the girl, who was employ- coS ed in his home, tried for a long time epi to murder his daughter by giving her ma slow doses of poison. S lift Men Carry Fancy Parasols. of Berlin-The latest fashion here is to the carrying of fancy colored para- In sols by the men. Silk blouses, mark. rat ed with plenty of fancy net-work are we also considered very fashionable and an' are worn by the men in very hot wil weather. act its Roses as Danger Signals. Philadelphia.-Red rose bushes set eai S1 near the Pennsylvania railroad tracks Na e. by Edward Bok of Marion were re- the n- moved because the road officials ca i feared engineers might mistake the wlt blossoms for danger signals. mi 0. ------- Cal at Pittsburgh.-The "hobble" skirt not wt cr only endangers the life of the wearer wi 'a but delays street car tramic. That isa col l the opinion of local policemen and m railroad officials. me tUJ al er with others In that block, and Ward en Thomas is preparing to convert St that part of the prison into a "hall of b ethics" lor the convicts. d Df The Morgan cell has been the mec- th Sca of thousands of sightseers every th yearu, and its final disposition is u by o tet undecided. Warden Thomas has de intimated that he will recommend that o It be given to some Ohio manicipality th which will agree to preserve it. to . Boston's soo contaias six elk fer s . Yellowstom pitk is VETERANS HEAR THE PRESIDENT the Mr. Wilson Delivers Address at' GC Gettysburg Celebration. DRAWS LESSON FROM BATTLE Declares Great Army of the People Must Fight Peacefully to Perfect the Nation All Love. ,l ,iUt (;G ttyslturg. Pa.. July 4 - National ';:t day in the s-,mi ~,c-ntennial c.lebration ,st of the battle of ;ettysburg was made :te especially notalle by an address de- art 1liered by l'rt"sident W'oodrow \\Wilson:. 1 in hIis audience( were1- ttea i housandl. Th of the %eterans who fought In the Ipe great battle, as well as a great throneg tri of other %lsitors. ' 1 The president'a address follows beh Plriends and Fellow Citizens: I need for. not tell oil wthar the battle of Gettys day burg meant. These gallant men in are blue and gray sit all about us here are Many of them met here upon this 'Th ground in grim and deadly struggle. min Upon these famous fields and hillsides sho their comrades died about them. In thlt their presence it were an impertinence ' ail to discourse upon how the battle went. by ow it ended, what it signified! But ifs 5t years have gone by since then and I I crave the privilege of speaking to our you for a few minutes of what those wot 60 years have meant. whi What have they meant? They have stal meant peace and union and vigor, and stre the maturity and might of a great na- gre tion. How wholesome and healing the tior peace has been! We have found one Wh another again as brothers and comn rea rades in arms, enemies no longer, gen- spit erous friends rather, our battles long and past, the quarrel forgotten-except cou that we shall not forget the splendid mol valor, the manly devotion of the men Put then arrayed against one another, now Iti grasping hands and smiling into each life other's eyes. How complete the union est has become and how dear to all of us. per how unquestioned, how benign and and majestic, as state after state has been me' added to this great family of free soll men! How handsome the vigor, the in maturity, the might of the great na- tru tion we love with undivided hearts; and how full of large and confident prom- ma iee that a life will be wrought out in that will crown its strength with gra cious justice and a happy welfare that LO will touch all alike with deep content I ment! We are debtors to those 50 A crowded years; they have made us heirs to a mighty heritage. Nation Not Finished. I But do we deem the nation com plete and finished? These venerable of men crowding here to this famous En field have set us a great example of it b devotion and utter sacrifice. They att were willing to die that the people is t might live. But their task is done. mi I Their day is turned into evening. They mu look to us to perfect what they estab- id lished. Their work is handed on to Ru us, to be done in another way but not I in another spirit. Our day is not over; thi e it is upon us in full tide. e Have affairs paused? Does the + nation stand still? Is it what the 50 nai º- years have wrought since those days is 5 of battle finished, rounded out. and 5 completed? Here is a great people, we 5 great with every force that has ever th° a beaten in the life blood of mankind. y And it is secure. There is no one go V within its borders, there is no power among the nations of the earth, 5 to make it afraid. But has it yet if squared itself with its own great a standards set up at its birth, when it la e made that first noble, naive appeal to t the-moral Judgment of mankind to k take notice that a government had p g now at last been established which Swas to serve men, not masters? It is o h secure in everything except the satfs faction that its life is right, adjusted to the uttermost to the standards of Srighteousness and humanity. The days of sacrifice and cleansing are , not closed. We have harder things to do than were done in the heroic days of war, because harder to see clearly, requiring more vision, more t , calm balance of judgment, a more s candid searching of the very springs o of right. d. Tribute to Their Valor. w Lmok around you upon the field of TI t Gettysburg! Picture the array, the id fierce heats and agony of battle, col to umn hurled against column, battery i. bellowing to battery! Valor? Yes! I Greater no man shall see in war; and I self-sacrlifice, and loss to the utter- ci most; the high recklerness of exalt Id ed devotion which does not count the y- cost. We areo made by themse tragic,. o epic things to know what it costs to er make a nation-the blood and sacrl ace of multitudee of unknown me. liftted to a great stature in the view of all generations by knowing no limit is to their manly willingness to serve. cl a- In armles thus marshaled from the Ir . ranksML of free men you will see, as it a r were, a nation embattled, the leaders S ad and the led, and may know. If you o ot will, how little except in form Its 5 action difflers in days of peace from a Its action in days of war. b May we break camp now and be at at ese? Are the forces that fight for the ft sa Nation dispersed, disbanded, gone to re their homes forgetful of the common a Is cause? Are our forces disorganized, b be without constituted leaders and the II might of men consciously united be- t1 cause we contend, not with armies, but I ot with principalities and powers and q er wickedness in high places. Are we V ia content to lie still? Does our union S ad mean sympathy, our peace coant- i ment, our vigor right action, our ma- f turity self-comprehension and a clear r rt Daredevil Photography. c of A naval photographer gets many t duckings, and. after a time. takes Sthem asu a matter of course. Being ry thrown into the sea isn't considered ' aby him at all a serious event It is n during battleship practlce that he en Scounters grave dangers, for much of ity the work done at this time is from the tops of the fghting masts, which are at an elevation of 120 feet above the Dulang different practiees I have t tskea my poiltlos in these msts a :m confidence in choosing what we 44 do? War fitted us for action, and 4 tion never ceases Our Laws the Orders of the Day. I have been cilosen the leader of the Nation. I cannot justify the cholo by any :iualities of my own, but s It has conte aiou.It, and here I sta. Whom to I commandl' The ghostly ,hoots who fought upon these battle !in! p ,n a:.. and are gone? These ::I!' nt >-,,t ,::.In stricken in years \hl! ti0lt'tc lays are over, their hlorv 'w ', What are the orders for 'h- , w:> . r.:... then:? I have Inmy :ind anuth, r hoqot. shor these set r.r.. of civil strife in order that they n:th' work out in days of peace and e-rl order the life of a great ns Slit. That host is the people them I elv. s, the gr,.at and the small, with. ,urt class or differn'Ice of kind or .:wc(. or origin: and undlit idi d in later -ste if we have b it the v ion to guide a:tl. direct thin and order theirlivu .tar'ht in what we do,. O)ur constit. :iots are their articles if enllistmet Trh". orders of the day are, the laws .pon our statute books. What we ,trive for is their freedom, their rstk 'o lift tliitmselves from day to day ai ,behold the things they have hoogd for. and so make nay for still better days for those whom they love who are to conime after them. The recruits are the little children crowding in The quartermaster's stores are in the mines and forests and fltIds, In tlk shops and factories. Every day som. thing must be done to push the cam. iaign forward; and it must be does by plan and s ith an eye to some grie le.stiny. lHow shall we hold such thoughtsb our hearts and not be moved? I would not have you live even todq wholly in the past, but would wish to stand with you in the light tal streams upon us now out of tiht great day gone by. Here is the Ia tion God has builded by our haada What shall we do with it? Who stasis ready to act again and always in the spirit of this day of reunion and hops and patriotic fervor? The day of o01 country's life has but broadened late morning. Do not put uniforms 1V. Put the harness of the present ea. Iftt your eyes to the great tracts of life yet to be conquered in the istg est of righteous peace, of that prm perity which lies in a people's hea"r and outlasts all wars and errors d men. Come, let us be comrades as soldiers yet to serve our fellow me in quiet counsel, where the blare at trumpets is neither heard nor heeedi and where the things are done wMi make blessed the nations of the w in peace and righteousness sad LOOK TO RUSSIAN OIL Fl Are Certain to Play an Important In Furnishing Power for Battleships. In discussing the fact that the of oil instead of coal as fuel in English navy is under conside it is time Russia should pay attention to this question. If is replacing its own cheap coal by. more expensive foreign product, must be important advantages as side of naphtha, and in the Russian fleet the part to be this fuel will be a most important the Novoe Vremya says. Many and factories have gone over naphtha as fuel and the constump is increasing every year. Russia owns immense oil fields it could be the chief supplier of world. The need of organisatis the business is recognized by government and a number of s meetings have been held for ing the subject. New conditions been laid down for the exploitateli government territories, and the lations for investigations have changed. Some territories known being rich in oil have been closed Sprivate enterprise, such as the sheron peninsula, near P t. sad ous Islands of the Caspla. _e as 5 as some territories in the T Splan Ural and Gerghana districts others in the north of Russia as berla, amounting to millions of The reason for this action is thel to preserve these distrlctg freEm haustion. Another question conceans the ter of investigation. It is qdlite sary that the right of investigst granted on a large scale, and not for comparatively small lots of where the investigation might net The government Is aware of ths8 and, according to the new rega the plotsi of ground allotted for tigation are to be increased tsm The most advisable system is d grant concessions that would capitalists to place their meM such undertakinpgs. Under th Sregulations regarding the tnv of naphtha districts, the goe_ proposes to publish geologisla scriptions of the various distrkiL, w Ready Wit Saved Stattet. t A very laughable aincident . e. curred In the house of commiel, e Irish member having risen waBl t sailed by loud cries of r Spoke!" meaning that havinrg u once already he had so right i s so a second time. He had m a second speech struggling Is breast for an introduction 8?s at world, when eang after be for seme time on his lep, that o was not the slightest chance of on suffered to deliver a sentence l d. he observed with imperturbable he ity and in rich Tipperary brogUS: e- the honorable gntlemtn supiOPI' at I was going to spake agaisn thi od quite mistaken. I merely rose m e purpose of saying that I had , more to say on the subject" at house was convulsed with 1 a- for a few seconds afterward at ir ready wit of the Hibernian . *. order to get detailed plctures. these basket-like tope, the qua Show to stick The gunfire ph ig tself. I suppose you wonder mean, but it is just this: EvWe is the twelve-inch guns fire, the .n- concussion they cause invariabll of the snap to the shutter of the the aand the exposure is made--Sat sre ' ols. he The first university in the ve empire was at PraSu. in j 1243.