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WHAT EUGENISTS OF THE WORLD
ARE ENDEAVORING TO ACCOMPLISH Some Insist the Race Is Deteriorating Says Herbert Carey Rush to the Large Cities and the Complexity of Modern Life Given as Among the Causes-Many Depressing Facts Are Revealed. New York.-To the lay mind scienti fic eugenics seems to be founded upon the blackest pessimism., says Herbert Carey. Perhaps scientists see more clearly than the rest of us-though they do not all see alike, or get the same conclusions from the same facts. Some of them are sure we are going to the apes very fast. Death and degen eration and insanity and gibbering idiocy seeims to be the only possibleI end for the human race, they think unless sonlething is done at once to' check our sliding tendencies. Per- - haps the most disheartening revelation is that we are no stronger or more capable mentally or vigorous morally " than our forefathers were in the days when they dressed in pigment-a pen and ink sket, h. "We speak with pride of the advance of huia,:i c.ivilizatiot,." says Doctor Metcalf, "and that blinds us to the fact that ,nltce the dawn of history there has been no clearly recognizable evolution of mankind. We reach larger results in the problems of life than did our progenitors 5,i10c ycars ago. because we build uilon the experience of the c.n,-rations between." Other scienatists swell this despond ent chorus Prof Ray Lankester sounded the keynote in 1F". when he wrote that "'compared with the four fathers of our civilization, the ancient j Greeks, we do not appear to have im proved so far as our bodily structure is concerned, and assuredly not so far as some of our mental capacities are concerned." Dr. J. H. Kellogg declares that "the human race is dying." Rev. Newell Dwight llillis Is quoted as declaring that "within 400 years we shall all be insane." The superintendent of the g asylum at Austin, Tex., in an official th report published some years ago, held su that "the insane in this state may soon outnumber the sane." He jocularly pt added that in that event the insane tb might turn themselves out of the asy- i na lums and put the sane in. In H. H. Laughlin of the Cold Spring ai Harbor eugenics record office learns it from the thirteenth census that there ch mi po are she iht Cil, . me tor tha ma for cot grt for the cre, fou erm t- h plo, ofd ive 55 eed 1 still Rev., Newell Dwight Hiills. this wae 914.7 inmates of institutions of oral various sorts to the 100,000 of popula- Ger osa in this country-or almost one Gre per cent. He has recently declared that ten per cent. of s are so far "an- tre S tisocal" as to be unfit for parentage. I"" K. 3. Rittenhouse, president of the re eatdly formed Life Extension instl tute, of which former President Taft I an active member, in a recent paper said that 75 per cent. of the 20,000,000 school children in the United States are more or less defective. Dr. V. V Vaughan of Ann Arbor-who specif eally declares he is not an alarmist says "the American people are threat . ed wirth a spread of mental and moer att degeneracy through the multiplca tion of the onfit" r Di. Gertrude Hall says that "only i e p-half or the dependent children we ae examined and teasted In New T erk state are up to normal standard. easer is kllming 75,000 annually int the United States and 200,000 die from taberuclosis, not to speak of the other aell diseases, some of whech. on the atbaority of statisticians, hae Sdebled their mortrality ate in thirty Reports shaow iat in certain parts e England, 3otland and Ireland the physical Aondition of the inhabitants ~g generated. On the moral side we getting no better fast-and we're tttle worse here than our neighbors. RIttenhouse, who is an authority, says United States annually and an av 116 murderers are executed. the appalling homicide ree per million of popula In Italy. The the span men this ntI- of syphilis, "the ulcer which is eating pan into modern civilization." The whole ert racial situation, as viewed by the sclt ore entists, recalls one of Hooker Wash-I igh ington's stories. lie met an old colored the woman one day. t "Where you goin', Aunt Calline?" he f to asked. t en- "Lawd bless you. Misteh Washing- , ing ton,"' said Aunt Caroline. "I'se done ble been where I's gwine." - ('onceding that the pcientific eugen- a to Ists have established their contention v er- -that the human race is rapidly de- t on ,re C Ily o -yso len s Srd he re iry ni. t t wI l th condItions that produced this re n national conference at Battle Creek. In the last 50 years there has been an g appalling shift in the center of gray i s ity, due to the world's progress in me- coi e chanic. Frederick L. Hoffman esti mates that in the last decade the city th population has increased 35 per cent., while the rural population has in creased but one per cent "Cities," he said, "boast of their bal re growth in population, when they should be weeping." Hence "factory degeneration" as re bex ported from densely populated milling *' sections of the south. In a senate docu- re ment printed at the request of Sena- of tor Townsend, the statement t made ta that "appallin Manchester and other English- wa manufacturing districts the police asc force is largely recruited from the bat country districts, because the home bed grown men are not large enough."d 35 per cent, f whIn 15 years the British Assocation bee for the Advancement of Science found the average height of men had de creased but one nch. The same authority L found the well to do Briton on an av- can erage of 3% inches taller than an em- wis ploye in the mills, and that at the age Con of twelve the heigh "boat of their respect- ru ive sons differed by five inches. in a 55 years the height required for ad- a mission to the British army was lower ed from 5 feet 6 inches to 5 feet, and still the proportion of rejections for U this cause remained the same. tro Similar testimony as to race deteras- to oration cfromes from Scotland, Ireland m Germany and France. Dr. Alexander deal Graham Bell points out that asylum Sena- nd treatment and the very natural iter made ta "SIAMESE TWIN",, BORN IN FRANCE † † .A i~· X .1 . ..: ...-.. oer the rid for they w born with a connecting -: i" ' : : '' .i:. .-.,,i d4' .: .. Professor . Fill re: :dean of the French ". ~. .-:.. . ....~~~~~~~~~~~~ :,-.. ::iii'i!!'iiiii:..'" , -:::." ' .LF *' i "i . . .. " i : . - ' ' .: ." ] .: ."' : ':.... .: " " i i ] : j : ! 'i~ . j ': . " ::. '"" _--l • hmp .. fance n.ot: . ago ar. atacig-h j ~i ...* ,. ..,.. .;..::,:~: ·· . .-. r. .; .: : ,: ". .' " - .: " - : f to perform pe rnally an operation to they will then tcome normal children. 7 marriages is resulting in a race of deaf mutes. Dr. Lilian South, the state bacteriologist of Kentucky, in discussing the fight being made against hookworm in that state, said: Hookworm victims are stunted men tally and physically. There are not enough able-bodied men in some Ken tucky counties to hold the offices. Of the 10,000 inhabitants of Rowan coun ty, 7,000 were illiterate not long ago." Doctor South told one very striking story of the effect hookworm has upon its victim: "One farmer," said she, "sold his farm for $20,000 in gold because of the deposit of coal beneath the sur ng face. ie kept that gold hidden about )ie his house, because he didn't know ci- what to do with it. Nor did he change ih- his manner of life." ed The growth of city population is a t grave factor. British investigators e he found that not only does life in a city p tend to make the next generation i, ig- weaker, because of the noise, stresses p ne and infections, but that the people ia who move in from a rural district are a n- apt to be of a weaker type to start )n with. Hence progressive deteriora- u tle- tion. Alcohol s18 charged with much p of the responsibility. Prof. Alfred - i Gordon studied 117 alcoholic families da of Philadelphia, to find that all of the 200 children in 90 of these families b, showed signs of degeneracy, and of them 150 were epileptic. Of "78 chil dren tound in 20 families whose pa- 01 rents and grandparents were both al coholic, 35 were imbeciles and 25 in e sane." The use of drugs has largely t increased in the last few years-of which a disproportionate increase oc curred in the cities-with deleterious I results. m The increasing complexity of mod- pr ern life was a favored cause for decay, a in the opinion of several speakers. cc PUTS BABY TO BED ON SNOW ho th Somnambulist Father Takes Good ly Care of the Child, but Mother ch Gets a Scare. no wl Bangor, Me.-Mrs. Edward Parady ed of the French settlement near Still water went to church the other eve- cha ning, leaving the infant in its crib. gr with the father sitting by the fire close tec by. As she drove up the lane leading col to the house on her return she fancied pa that he heard a faint moan. Entering sta the house she found the cradle empty poi and the father was asleep in his Sal chair. Ne "Where is baby, Ed?" she asked. Mc Parady started up in surprise, say- Re ing, "Why, baby's in her crib, of ton course." by In a flash Mrs. Parady thought of on the moan that she had heard at the foot of the lane, and out into the night she ran. Near an old pump, almost der buried in the deep, soft snow, was the der baby. One hand and one cheek had In become chilled, but the infant wasn well and cheerful. ern Then Parady thought of the only the explanation that has yet been offered. vot "I worked hard that day," said he, init "and was very sleepy. I remember ael of thinking of going to bed and of ere taking baby with me. I am a sleep the walker and I guess I must have fallen ing asleep and then got up and carried old baby out into the snow instead of to old bed. The snow looked white and soft, iof like a bed. I guess that must have of been the way out of it" she Is Bar to Secret Marriages. T Los Angeles, Cal.-Secret marriages It I cannot be kept secret if the bride by t wishes to vote in California. Deputy vets County Clerk McAleer handed down a Pa ruling which declared that women h el must state under oath whether they m are married or single. ar Death News Tangled. Pi Union Hill, N. J.-Simultaneous last troubles on their phones, each trying ing to get the other, delayed only a few only minutes news of the simultaneous the deaths of Archibald Boyle, forty, here it he and Arthur Boyle, his nephew, ia New cond York. are h111T- ------ tl tended to be rueloI, but thought it -cessary to restriln his father. Reports that the, father had had either food nor water for three days not substantiated. Girl KIs "Masher" W ith Hatpin. Milwaukee, Jan. 28.-DIniel 8wee of Clvelald, 0., tried 'to "mash" Catherine Hermes on New Stev The girl JIbed him tills with a hatpl. The hat1ls is hisea h .seeU mse die twe ow bum Now - io ice uf he thE At, inLIENS MUST READ made said: men- IMMIGRATION LAW WITH LITER e not ACY CLAUSE 18 SURE TO BE Ken PASSED BY CONGRESS. coun rg', PRESIDENT WILL SIGN IT upon d hbl Southerners Generally and Organized se of Labor Favor the Measure and the sur- House Committee Recomn about mends Its Enactment know range By GEORGE CLINTON. Washington.-l-y May 1 next it will is a be Impossible for any adult alien to atore enter the United States for the pur city pose of becoming a citizen unless he ation is able to read. Congress soon will esses pass and the president will sign an eople immigration restriction bill which will t are shut out illiterate foreigners. start The reason for the positive state *iora- ment that congress will pass and the much president will sign an immigration re Ifred striction bill containing the illiteracy iilies test clause is that it is known definite fthe ly that a great majority of the mem ilies bers of congress are in favor of the d of measure and that Mr. Wilson, judg chil- ing by what he has said in the past h al- on the same subject, also favors the 5 in- enactment of such legislation. gely Pressure is being brought to bear gey to have the immigration bill taken up early in February and pressed to a lous passage This restriction bill is al most ideetical with the one which mod- passed the house and senate last year C cay, and which President Taft vetoed. a rs. Arrangements are being made for ' consideration of the measure. A rule is to be asked limiting debate to seven b OW hours on each side. This means that the 14 hours will be given over large- p mood ly to the discussion of the literacy A clause of the bill which provides that n no alien over sixteen years of age h who is unable to read shall be grant- a ady ed admlsssion to this country. h ;till- Representative Burnett of Alabama, eve- chairman of the committee on immi- h grib. gration and naturalization, has submit- tl lose ted on behalf of the majority of his b ling committee a report favorable to the * p:ed passage of the bill virtually as it p, *ing stands. There are three minority re- a ply ports, one signed by Representatives I his Sabath of Illinois and Goldfogle of t New York, one by Representative ii i" Moore of Pennsylvania, and one by dl ,ay- Representative Johnson of Washing- n of ton. The objections to the bill entered 01 by the minority members are based of on various considerations. the ght Favored by Southerners. oast There are some curious things un- th the derlying this proposed immigration re- ca tad stricting measure. There is a feeling ge in Washington that many of the north- th ern representatives in congress wish ti nly the bill to pass and yet feel they must wl ed. vote against it. It is said that in Its ti he, initiative it is a southern proposition. ts er Members of the house from the south- th of era states have no reason to fear that po ep they will endanger their seats by vot- wl lea Ing against it. The constituents of or led virtually all the southerners are of do to old American stock and seemingly it fot ist. i taken for granted that Americans thi ,v of this stock, will look with equanlm- in1 ity on the exclusion of illiterate pre aliensr no This bill, or one very much like it. cri It will be remembered, was passed tin deby the senate and house last year and tio vetoed by Mr. Taft. The senate y passed it over the veto by more than litt n a two-thirds vote, but the house up- in held Mr. Taft's action by a narrow ths margin. an Pernicious Lobby RoutsJ. thu President Wilson's word of *-rath Ina s last summer that perniclous lobby- ing g ing was going on in congress not Pr iw only had its effect is disclosing ply us the names of the lobbyists, but tin re it huas brought about an entirely new for w condition of affairs in this city. There wit are no lobbyists in Washington dur- trw ings the discuassion of the anti-trast bills. They have been barred by hints et which have the force ot an exuecutive mis ordew. the Washington fully expects tbat repre- this sentatives of the great business Inter eats of the country will come hero to T make themselves heard before the jm- goo diclary and interstate commerce com- witi mittees which were given charge of act the anti-trust bills. Some ot the busi- that ness men already are here, but there abc are none of the marks of the old-time lm lobbyists about them or about the law- hoo yers whom they have brought with nati them or sent ahead of them to plead keec against some of the provisions of the the measures. give Old Washington residents and the will veteran members of congress proba- whi. bly will be unable to recognize any tent individuals in the descending hosts. pai The old-timers, If they are to be found, It must be searched for with a long-dis- Rep tance telescope. The recent lobby In- for quiry, although its results in some The respects were not what they might far have been, has been sumcient to shat- Leu ter the iron cerves of some of the gre lobbyists of other days. It is believed publ in Washington that the anti-trust to h hearings will be free from the scandal isasu of the old tamiliar methods of exertlng powp PROPER CARE OF PET FISH Som Some Things to Be Remembered by and Those Who Would Maintain 8ue- g ceeseful Aquarium. FLreu The finest Japanese fish ever La brought to America were presented by A the mikado to General Grant while the D'AI latter was on hibL famous trip around dent the world. They were so remarkable pows that P. T. Barnum hired them. There is a great variety ot Japanese ie goldfish. The more common "fantails" Chin "tringetails" and "comets" cost from back 25 cents to $5 apIecee, and those bulg- patle ing eyed aristocrats of the finny world, lang the telescope fish, will coset from $5 that apiece up, according to shape, color, the size, eyes, etc. the Fish are subject to a tew diseum, heal but for the amateur the principal A thing to remember is that salt water it ef Is the universal remedy. If a fish is laugh not in usual health, and trouble is cayed neither due to overcrowding nor over- tens feeding, a five minute bath in salt wa- lmpi ter every day for a week will bring arri him back to health. Goldish otes Iive to a pest ag. tail. undue influence on Individual commit tee members. ` usiness Men Welcome. It is plain from what has been said in the vicinity of the White House ITER. that President Wilson desires that rep BE resentatives of the commercial inter ests of the country shall come to Washington and present to the com mlitteemen their side of any case in volved in the projected legislation. IT The wolves have been scared away, but the watch dogs will be welcome. When Mr. Taft was president, a man inlzed who had once been a member of con the gress stood hour after hour at the door of the room of the committee on ways and means which was discussing the tariff schedules and buttonholed every member of congress who went t in or out, holding him until there had on to been time to plead for the retention of a high duty on a certain line of im s he ported goods. No representative of will big business, whether he be a former wl member of congress or not, will stand will this year at committee room doors to ply his insidious calling. Must Find New Issues. I the The present intention of the Dem I the ocratic members in congress is to n rebring abodt an adjournment in racy June. Within a month or six weeks thereafter the congressional cam nem- paigns are fought out as a rule the on the issues which entered into the judg" last preceding presidential campaign. past What are the Republican and the Pro gressive candidates going to talk about in order to arouse the enthusi be asm of the voters and to secure their n up support? to a This question is before the Repub- I al- lican and Progressive congressional hich committees for an answer today. They year must find the answer, or better, the' answers, within the next few months. for Two years ago the Republicans rule pledged themselves to anti-trust and tven banking and currency legislation. that They favored the establishment of a Lrge- parcel post, a liberal policy toward racy Alaska, plans for flood protection and i+ that many other things. The Democrats t age have dealt with all these matters and. D ant- apparently to their own satisfaction, g have settled them. a ima, It is perfectly true that the high t rmi- hope of the Progressives Is simply n mit- that the party can increase its mem his bership in the next house of repre- a the sentatives. The leaders of the new ri it party have little or no thought, so far re as one can determine, that they can ir Ives secure a sweeping victory in the elee- o1 of tions of next November They do be- e tive lieve. however, that they can gain ad- m by ditional members in 18 or 20 districts m Ing- now represented by either Democrats red or Republicans. v Must Find New Issues. The Republicans, as has been ts-vi mated, must look for new Issues in Be na- the next congressional campaign, be th re- cause the Democrats have taken a to Ing good many of their issues away from th rth- them. Now, of course, if the legisla- th 'iL tion passed by the Democrats. and or nst which they have intended as a set its tlement of these issues, shall fall o on- its purpose, the Republicans can go to ith- the country on the basis of their op hat ponents' failure. The laws, however. Mi ot- which the Democrats propose to enact of or which they already have enacted of do not go into effect in some instances It for a considerable time to come. In ins the cases of the laws which have gone do Im- into erect, it will take a long time to tai ate prove whether they are efficacious or ity not. So it would seem that the Demo- or it. cratic party is fairly safe until some tul led time after the next congressional eleo- dii nd tion. the Ste The Progressives seemingly are a an little better off than the Republicans im SP in the matter of lssues. They saythl )w that th Democratic legislation shows cei an origin in the Progressive party, and the that Mr. Wilson and the congress dom- be ,th nated by his party have been steal. the y. ing the Progressive material. The she .t Progressives, however, will not saim- 2, s ply cry '"Thief." for they have a die co ut inct issue lin their plank which called wh iw for an interstate trade commilselo, tall e with plenty of power to regulate the wh - trusts of the country. exi st The Democrats have prepared a bill maD ts establishing an interstate trade cor- in re mission, but it is given nothing Uk k the authority which the Progressives hill e- think should be given to such a body. ixe e- Progresmsives and Child Labor. she Lo The Progressive party has made a to - good deal of its proposal to do away of n- with child labor by means of a federa' veg at act. It is urged by the Prosressives able i- that the continuance of presegt child tun Slabor conditions ultimately will under- mal l mine American manhood and woma- can r- hood and bring about the decay of the cra5 b nation. Republicans never bave beesa plet d keen about stopping child labor, and * the Democrats virtually declined to give it consideration. This subject P C will be among the foremost things to 112 I- which the Progressives will give at. 10, y tentlon in their congressional cam- mor a.paiga. fini i. It Is evident in Washington that the and I- Republican leaders still are walttag busl I- for the tariff to undo the Democrats. tee * There have been no marked signs, so quir tfar as Washlington can learn, that the uset t- Democratic tariff law is doing any wor a great amount of damage, but the Re- grot I publicans seem to think evil is going root t to happen soon and that on the tariff mor 1 Issue they once more can ride into catt I power. Some goldfish in a Washington s q ta h rium are known to be fifty years old. the Sand by careful measurement have not thi grown in over thirty years.--arm and bree card Laugh Away Bechlial Disorders, lific A young Italian physician. Dr. D'Alutolo, was the first selentfle t.a dent to call attention to the healing Ti Ipower of laughter in bronchial die for i euases., He declared this before the Medico. he Chirursgical society of Italy, and backed up the statement by producing patients cured entirely and solely by Hi laughter purposely provoked. It seems bato that the tiring of the side aid ougds the expulsion of secretion and permis zeno the oxygen of the air to dry up and r r heal the diseased cells. And not merely in lung diseasse 1 uh it emcacious, for the sideepllttng laughter loosenas the particles of do. cayed matter in the muscles and a W tens their discharge through the ,' Iphatics. Thus dinsease germs are try carried of sad the whole body is rone sad mre immunake their rla~e DESTRUCTIVENESS OF THE MEADOW The Common Meadow Mou The Common Meadow Mouse. The different spec-ies of "ticld mice," D eo r "'meadow lice't" that are found n f!;ti a to all parts of the country. are alt.not tJ entirely responsibl, for sit.! of t;;vt ,a: ee idamage done to ll:nnts of varies :at cam- kinds, the blame for %eh:c.h is p:art!y p rule bestowed upon moles and shres i. ne Serious damage is done c very year t, In orchards, potato fliel!s and g':rd-.ns. t! MPro, any young fruit trees are girdle:: I, talk by these rodents. in orchards in all so bus- parts of the United Stattes. Mulchd ,t heir trees, er trees growt;ug in orchards or where cover crops are used, are moor pd liable to injury. Damage to straw- pt onal berry plantations anli to various kind I bhey of garden crops are reported annuall) ,, the Irish potatoes and sweet potatoes have f,, Ath. been especially subject to attack. Vans Serious injury to planted crops has and several times been noticed in fields on. !ying adjacent to "broom-sedge" grass )f a fields. Examinations of such places ard showed that the~ mice had evidently and invaded the cultivated areas from rats their protected retreats and breeding rad. places among the "broom-sedge." The Ion green stalks of this wild grass furnish a considerable portion of the food of igh the mice, as can be seen by the great eply number of cut-off, and partly eaten. em- stems and blades that are to be found about their nests and along their Po mw runways, where the plant grows. far Small as meadow mice are, they Pes a Inflict enormous injury upon the crops ads lee- of the country. The loss to the farm- the ers from this source averages several to ad- millions of dollars annually. And the bir Ic_ most lamentable part of it all is that baI as the major portion of this loss is pre- sitt ventable. From their homes in grass, adi brush, woods and thickets, mice in- orc vade fields, orchards, vineyards, nur- is º In series, dooryards and gardens, parsing ant through underground runways. Pota- The toes, sweet potatoes, carrots, beeth the and other vegetables are eaten by spli these mice both while stored in pits bite uis or lying in piles in field or garden. or tet . SHEEP FOR IMPROVING SOIL FA oP r. Much of Gullied Land and Waste Hill- Ter t sides of This Country Could Be ed Profitably Utilized. we n It is universally accepted that sheep A ,no droppings under like conditions con- quit to tain a larger amount of fertil- enoi or ity than those frQm the horse, cow er i or hog. . One of the desirable fea- yare -- tures of this product is the uniform sups ., distribution made by the sheep over fed the land. bel, a In Europe the value of sheep in late as improving impoverished or naturally thre y thin soils has been recognized for oats we centuries. It is stated on good au- tallk ad thority that many of the soils would for . be almost worthless but for the fact corm 1j. that they are densely covered with clea 1 sheep. Flocks of sheep aggregating give . 2,000 or 3,000 in number are not un- Ti Is. commonly seen. The various breeds be c ag which naturally inhabit rough moun- col , tain lands, and precipitous cliffs. of ti se where only scanty and coarse herbage have exists, manifest their great value in bree i1 making otherwise worthless land bring ; have a. in profitable returns. flesh e Much of the gullied land and waste yellk * hillsides of this country could be util- whit y. ized profitably in the production of will sheep. Many farmers have proved this than a to their highest satisfaction. Much Fe y of the land which now grows coarse skim v vegetation can be restored to profit- whit a able tillage by the use of sheep. For- Skin d tunately the sheep is a ruminating ani- food r, mal, and with the compound stomach reme . can make use of much of the coarse a col o crass and weeds which thrive on de- at n pleted soils. chea d corns o Fattening Cattle. t Pennsylvania station bulletin No. o 112 says: "During the winter of 1909- Th .- 10, to cattle fed in an open shed made whet . more rapid gains, attained a higher great finish, sold for 15 cents per 100 more, irm Sand returned 11.6 cents more for each ency I bushel of corn consumed, than similar tion a steers fed in the barn. They also re- and a quired less labor, and more straw was food a used for bedding. Results of previous lated Swork show that cattle which are in to sh groups of 10 or 12 each, with ample made I room at mangers and troughs, make Smore satisfactory gains than similar Scattle tied in stanchions." An Making a Breeding Pen. an e If the cocks and cockerels have, as extra they should, been in a run apart from an ex the hens and pullets during summer. -1tt this is the time to m:ke up your mean breeding pen. From the cocks, dis- year. card all those that did not prove good muck breeders last season, both as to pro-earnll lificacy, and in quality of their get. been Nothing Equals Alfalfa. There is no hay equal to alfalfa Sila for milk cows. Even the best clover been does not equal a,. We say this after the I having given both a trial for years. feede' Hatching Time. Hatching time is near. The incu- In bators and brooders should be thor- hae'v oughly cleansed and sterilized Use hibits, zenoleum. kresol, or some other slmi- be st lar disinfectant after thorough wash- prizes ing. and expose to air and sun to thor- A se-c oughly dry. saw b the ct Great Souroe of Revenue. Winter eggs form one of the great oe.t sources of revenue from the poul- ) The try yard. Good feed, dry air and most * ' ,r e*,ise are necessary for can be their production with t /.I ic,,"! All things considtred. d ;n hfi-d oluic - t,' strychnine ,rst ith, lmost sat.f:a, tory. Th that' salt nlso.t used cor - iivus strywhna sulphat. This i *rtly poifsoning pur|poses. since It S in b'" In '.ta' tr Cariou - year as h,'eat. oatm,.al and I ns. th. gr:Izn. and s; e ds ~ dlr;: plants. as the tomato, d all sunflower, mal;ly he e 'hel scoull he solcdl over nla arrds oned syrup prlpared as lorn' Ihssiolve anillt ounce of Dra' phat.- in a pint of boiling nd a lint of thick syrup and all ohliy. This may be tave few drops of oil of anise, but has lrids rass ntly rom ling The u lish I of 'eat ten. und leir Potatoes Partly Eaten by hey essential. Soak the bait al ops adding enough grain or seed t rm- the sirup and not be too dam} tral to thd danger of destroyjag the birds, such as quail and hat bait should never be placed is ºre- situations, but under shelta tsa, admit mice but exclude bir in- orchards and nurseries the ur- is an excellent plan: Cut Ing and dip them in the strychaln eta- Then scatter the poisoned eth the trees to be protected. by splendid plan as it poisons its bits and mice and does not or domestic animals. IL FATTEN FOWLS FOR ll- Ten Days Is Sufflicent Should S.Be Confined in Cosp Number in Small Yai ep A fowl should always be to- quickly as possible.' Tea dlp ii- enough, but it should be Ser in a coop or a number la - yard. They must have a n supply of fresh water and er fed four times a day, the being given early and the in late. A recommended ly three parts cornmeal, one put r oats, one part bran, one u- tallow, the entire lot pealded Id for the first three meals, wi" -t corn and wheat that can be h clean at night Weigh the eg given. a- The color of the skin of a is be changed by feed. Sousedms m color of the skin is important, s. of the fowls that are seat 0 e have anything but a yellow M n breeding for market it is g i have a breed that grows rsi fleshes up young; the skla n e yellow, and if the feathers 1- white both the chicks and od I will look much better whbe s than those with colored f b Food mixed or moisteasl e skim milk Instead of water I- whiter flesh and a superir t Skim milk alone is a high 1 food; the carbohydrates have removed in the butter, so that - ea complete diet for any salal fat of the cream, however, cheaply substituted with aS cornmeal. Feeding Work HorseS The feeding of the farm wore e whether mare or gelding, Is r greatest importance. Gen , farm horse is overfed, and L Sency thus impaired. Carefl tion should be given to f and methods. Consideratlos food requirements of the hom'st lated to work performed, can to show a saving In feed that made on practically every hae Little Things Mean An extra grain of corn oa an extra boll of cotton on ead an extra cent for each dosen extra dime for each pound of an extra dollar for each bale a --little things within the meaning millions to the year. "Many a mickle muckle" is as applicable to earnings as to the saving of been earned. Good Combination. Silage and cottonseed cake been making good gains on Call the price, while good. is not feeders expected to get. Prize Seed Corn. In the middle west the hayv, taken up the corn.groCwll hibits, offering lberal prizes M be .t sced corn. ()One of the prizes was a standard farm A F(e'ed expert of losa says !e saw better corn than that - the church exhibitors. Easy Horse to Train. SThe horse that contracts bad most readily is generally 01 can be taught the most useful with the least trouble.