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The Madison journal. (Tallulah, Madison Parish, La.) 1888-current, April 04, 1914, Image 2

Image and text provided by Louisiana State University; Baton Rouge, LA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064430/1914-04-04/ed-1/seq-2/

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Forces Fought 4,520 Conflagrations in That Year,
'or Nearly Twioe as Many as Started in 1912-Total Loss,
Due to Damage From Flames, Estimated at $192,
000 for the Entire Period.
aglhngto,-During 1913 the forces
,the national forests fought 4.520
or early twice as many as start
io 1911, the best year the forests
ever had.
Notwithstanding the great Increase
the number of fires. Forester
yes eonsiders that the showing
by the forest service was quite
voerable as that in the preceding
because the damage done and
Sests of fire fighting were no
proportionately than in 1912.
both years practically 50 per cent
all Ores were detected and extin
before they burned over a
of an acre, and 25 per cent of
years' Ares were put out before
eovered ten acres. Of last year's
32, 8 or considerably more than
whole number of fres in 1912,
eonfined to areas of less than
S raes, and in 1.080 additional fires
than one hundred dollars' dam
was done by each. In only 25
did the damage amount to $1.000.
aggregate los In timber is es
at nearly fifty-nine million
Sset, valued at about eighty-two
dollars, and the damage to
 rowth and forage is estimated
about one hundr-d and ten thou
dollars, making a total of about
huadred and ninety-two thousand
About eighteen per cent of
loss, however, was incurred on
lands within the forests
16 per cent of the fires had
eneouraging feature Is that the
number of ires set by railroad
was scarcely more than
be preceding yeah and represented
11 per cent of all fires, as
nearly nineteen per cent in
; lso the proportion set by saw
and other engines in the woods
-easiderably less than in 1912.
ndlcates very plainly. Mr. Graves
that the public is awakening to
seed of spark arresters and care
engines to the woods.
for the reason of the in
to number of res,. the forester
three maln causes:
to all, the unpreoedeqted elee
sorms which swept the whole
at Califernia at the ad of a
. .Gevey U. I. Forester.
r sss and set, almost slam
Sabouht seven hundred
The N ftres at by lightning
formed nearly fta per
o as t0N fires on the national
if the state from all eases,
Wao meo than halt of the one
Are hAndeAd and sevety
fres to all the 21
Lhe aseond plae, there were t
wlieh started outsdde the tor
1r wIs 144 were stopped by the
re hters before they
the forest beundaries, as
46 whleh startod oe outside
-a 111. Howevr, the prpore
of seh fire to all those whlch
- e hatted with was about
---_ .r or 1912 and 1913, but this
e esalned to thes satess
Caloral and Oregon, all
showgal a marked decreas
463 Ianendlary ires. 123 wee
nmses, 183 in Californta and 142
.Oegen, where two brothers were
to have set 7t on one forest
These two and other tala
were, oewe, severely dealt
- the law. On the Arkal as
too, it has beeon assumed that
1 fire s elased under the ese
-headln of "ortn uaknown"
minly incea ary. In Caltfo
the ecedrr res are largwit
to what is known as the
theory," whch advances
rgumeat that forests shobld be
over freqeatly to prevent the
of debris. The forest
esasiders this a pernidioues
beasuse It scare the stendnlg
and thus reduces its vaine; It
the orest sol of its ability to
- esrt Doldeo That ktMhlng Is
No Luury--m' Ca
Wash at Hoe.
French law a prodignl
ulghter or oeven ather or
be provided with a as
or legal gnardiam, whose
he ohtitied bferes the
eNE^~nL 5 the
retain molstire, and effectually pro
vents the reproduction of the forest,
since such fires destroy all tree seed
lings before they have a chance to
get a good start.
In 1912, lightning caused inore fires
than any other agency~ followed
closely by railroads, campers and In
cendiaries. in the order given. In
1913. however, the fres caused by
lightning outnumbered the next near
est cause by more than three to one.
but the order-railroads, campers and
Incendarles-remained the same as in
1912. A considerable decrease In the
Ranger on Fire Patrol Making Obser
proportion set by railroads and amp
ers indicates, according to forest of
eersn. a growing earefulness on the
part of the general publi.
Last year, as in 1913, California led
all others In numbr of ares, this
lead being natural bbcause California
has each a long dry season. It was
followed by Arkansas, Arizona and
Oregon, tn the order named. Kansas,
whleh had only one fir In 1912, e
csped without any in 1913 North
Dakota repeated its record of 1912
and had no res on itsone small to '
etL -$t Wang e sv"n osacr
during the year in District 4, whlch
includes Utah, Nevada and southern
Idaho, and In which a large proper
tion of the firests reported no fires
at alL
There was proportidaately greater
loss .on private lands within the for
est boundaries than on the public
lands. It is pointed ot by the forest
oecers that these lands cover ap
proiasately 11 per cent of the total
area tncluded within the forest bound
arles, yet the area burned over on
these private lands was more than
twenty-five per cent of alL The for
est service expended more-than thr
ty thousand dollars In protecting the
private lands within the forests and
lands adjacent to sad eatslde of the
forests. In additlie to this cost.
services and applies to the value bf
more than seventeen thousand dollars
were contributed b .cooperatorse or
arefighting on theqb areas.
In the middle ld the Are season
Miss Helen Young of Los Angeles forged a check in Los Angeles to get
money to bring her sister to Chicago to be operated on for cancer. The do
tors may an operation is useless. The photograph shows the girl. Miss Heien
Young. and Pollcewoman Margaret R. Anderson. who was sent frpm Los
Angele to take the prisoner back.
eredit he likes, but his signature Is
not suaelent, and those who give him
redit cannot collect unlem the guard.
lan's signature has also been obtained.
A cuious case In this eonnectioa came
before the court this week.
A Youth, son of rich parent, pro
vided with a consell Judelaire, In
stalled a bathroom in his apartments
at a cost of 700 ruancs ($140). The
legal guardian refused to pay the bId,
argu-n that it was not secemry to
bte at hem aer to bathe all over at
the sme Uri, when week bowe Mae
that is In July, the service had hign
hopes of small, fire damage during
1913, and this hope kept up until the
middle of September, when the fire
season on the national forests ordi
narily Is about at an end. At that
time there was less damage than had
ever been recorded, and only 2.260
Ranger's Cabin in National Forest.
fres as against 2,470 in 1912, with
about sixty thousand acres burned as
compared with 230,000 in 1912 and
780,000 in 1911. At the end of the
month, however, the electric storms
in California and one or two out
breaks of incendiarism changed the
whole situation.
But even in the face of these diM.
cult ls, the fire-fightlng force, with its
plans and experience from preceding
years, was able to cope with the situ
Minister of War Cuts Cantlnilres
From the Active Service, DeclaiL
ing Them a Detriment
Paris, France.-The picturesque can
tinteres, or women who take charge
of the French regimental canteens,.
and who have played many herole
parts in French military history, are
no longer to share the dangers of act,
ire service with the troops, according
to the minister of war. The women.
one of whom is commissioned to each
battalion of infantry, regiment of car
alry or battery of artillery, are in fu
ture to be retained simply in times of
Formerly the women, wearing the
uniform of their branch of the service,
marched into battle with the troops.
serving often as nurses or carrying
soothing.drinks to the wounded. They
were. the wives of noncommissioned
oflcers or musicians.
The minister of war has decided
that the women are a tax on the food
supply of the army and interfere with
the rauid movement of troops march
iag to the front after mobilisation. He
says, too, they are a source of distrao
tios to the spldiers.
Napoleon I paid a high tribute to
the cantinleres for their service dur.
tin his many campaigns. Several of
thepn were made chevalleres of the
Legion of Honor by him, one of them,
Joesphine Tiequart, for saving the life
of her colonel by killinlg a Ossack
who had attacked him during sretreat
from Moseow.
lPhotographcl Films Are to Be Em
ployed to Show Up Angle
Flemish EviL
Brasseis.-Through the action of
the British Society for the Prevention
of Cruelty to Animals a long-standing
scandal is about to be disclosed to all
eyes. Photographic films have been
I tken of the different phases of tor
tare Inflicted upon old English horses
which are periodically Imported to
Antwerp to be killed and sold for
meat. The British consuls have often
drawn attention to the terrible agony
Iinflicted on these anlmds.
I Such complaints having proved
m frutless, the seenes of torture he
just been cinematographed for the edl
f fcation of the British public, whoee
* load protests will, it is hoped, pro
r voke dplpomatle interference and
radical reform In the Anglo-Flemish
Shome rbnac
be used and public baths offered their
services. On behalf of the tradesman
it was argued that hygiene is no lux
ury and even a prodigal has the right
to wash at home. The courts adopted
this view and ruled that the expense
was justified.
see Hives for Flat Dwellersr
St. Lea.-rank C. Pellet, state
bee laspector of Iowa, addressing a
bee-keepers' convention here, said
that everyone who lives In a at
-al keep a ve et beea.
Price Reports of Bureau of Labor in 1
Controversy-Republicans Attack ,
the Tariff Policy of the p
Washington-The party in power is t
having some little trouble through the ii
still unsolved problem of the high cost
of living. Not long ago a member of in
the industrial commission reported, k
without supplementary explanations. m
that there were 150,000 unemployed t
persona in New York city. This the a
Republicans seized instantly as a
basis for criticism of the Democrats' t
tariff policy, saying the reductions in a
the rates were responsible for the f
unemployed. t
The industrial commission is a gov- t
eminent body and the majority of its v
members are Democrats. Naturally t
there was some Dempcratic resent- t
meot that a party coalpssion should v
say things to hurt the party without
giving any explanation as to the rea bI
sons for the things said. A quick ex- d
planation was coming from the com
mission that the number of unem- t
ployed was no greater this winter
thaw in other winters. I
,Now in the high cost of living mat- t
ter the Democrats again are having t
some little trouble and a Democratic a
official in a way is charged with re
sponsibility therefor. The bureau of
labor statistics gets out retail price t
reports and in one of its recent ones
it was shown that the cost of living
is as high as ever. Instantly a New
York man, said to be an expert in
such matters, challenged the statistics
bureau and said that its figures were
too high.
Hits Back at Critics.
Now the commissioner of labor sta
tistics. Royal Meeker, appointed to the
office by Woodrow Wilson. has come
back at his critics and In a longer
answer he gives the manner in which
the bureau arrived at its retail price I
conclusions and virtually challenges
anybody successfully to dispute the
recently published statistics.
One thing which will probably be 1
of specific interest to the country is t
Mr. Meeker's explanation of the way
that the bureau gathers and compiles
retail price statistics. He says in his
answer to his critics:
"Retail prices are secured from 670
stores scattered throughout 40 rep
resentative cities of the United States.
These stores are carefully selected by 4
the agents of the bureau. No "cut
rate" or "fancy" stores are taken.
Stores that trade largely with work
gmen's families are chosen. These
sores sead in to the bureau the actual
sales prices on the fifteenth of each
month of the fteon food commodities a
carried by th burea. Agents visit
the reporting annually to make
sure that tl:e , int In' re eo
reet. The .1% *od commodities have
been earefuly selected after years of
"A larger number of commodities
was originally included in the bureau's
plans and would be desirable, but Y
is Impossible to get reliable prices of
fish, coffee, fresh apples, fresh vege
tables, canned goods, etc., because the
quality of the same description of an
artlele varies capriciously. Mocha
Java blend coffee. for examplea does
not mean the same thing from store
to store, or from time to timn
A Difficult Problem.
"Clearly increases and decreases in
prices cannot be traced from prices
of artieles that are one thing at one
time and something difflerent at an
other time or several different things
at one and the same time. The bureasu
has long bet wrestling with tbe prob
lem of getting quotatlons of more
foodstuff and of inclding in its re
tall price tinde boots and shoes, men's
and women's clothtnlg. and houses rent
als. This is very desirable, but as yet
It has not been practicable for re
sons explatned above.
"It would also be very desirable to
extead retail price statistics to tinclude
a large number of cities and a larer
number of stores in those cities cov
ered. This cannot be done at present
because of lack of funds."
Democrat, Progressive and Republl
can leaders stm claim or admit, whichb
ever way you want to put it, that the
perty which can present the best plan
to bring down the high cost of Hiving
will be the one eventually not only to
secure control of the government. but
to keep it for a long time. It readily
can be seen from the importance
which is placed upon this matter by
the arty men why it was that the
Demorats were peuturbed when a
Democratle oel-Bwitheout any ex
planation of tla reasons therefor sald
that 150,000 persons were out of work
in New York city and when another
Democratic oetal was charged with
having put forth statistics tending to
show that, prices of food and neces
Tophet In West VIrginlia Probably
Moot Amusing Inatanee of Error
of OMclals
The history of the origin of post
oIce names eaffords many smuslg
facts. Not a few of the names grow
eout of blunders in writing and spell
SInlg. The postoffce department pre
Ssumably hasn't the time to conduct
a special lnvestigation in every neigh
borhood, so I. often Jamps to conclu
slons or draws upon its Imagination.
r In the Princeton Press of West Virgi
n aln we find a cunrious instance of a
n. name conferred upon a postofce be
It cause of an error in one letter of a pe
d titlon. There is a district in that state
a known as Hill Top. When the people
of Hill Top decided to ask for a post.
omce a petition was drawn up and for
warded to Washington city. The wrl
ter was not careaful to dot the "'" in
Hill Instead, he made a sort of loop
Sthat was lnterpreted as san "e." Call a i
4 postof "Hell Top?" That would
never do. It shocked the agents of
sel am . taDt the thoe~ut ahey
skiles are higher than they really ars.
The Democrats consider that the two
criticisms have been succeesully met
and charge that they were prompted
solely by the desire of political op
ponents to put the dominant party
at a disadvantage.
The Democratic party always has
been a party of states rights and to
day, perhaps curiously enough, it is
having trouble to stand consistently
by its ancient opinions and yet to pass
the antitrust bills in the form which
it desires them to take. The bill
which when it becomes a law is ex
pected to unlock the interlocking di
rectorates of modern Industry fu'
nishes a case in which Democracy s
having trouble to avoid the charge
that it is for states rights in some
instance and not in others.
When Woodrow Wilson was gover
nor of New Jersey the anti-trust bills
known as the "seven sinters" were
made into state laws. As has been
told in these dispatches the "seven
sisters" bills form in part :he basis of
what are known as the "fire brother"
bills intended to regulate the trusts
and which are now before congress
for action. It is in the application of
the principles of the seven ;ills, drawn
to meet the condition largely existing
withip one state, to the fire bills in
tended to meet a national condition
that the Democrats are having their
Here is the way that a Republican
has put this matter of the Dbeocratic
"The party has used the ancient and
by it revered doctrine of states rights
in the past to check what it has called
Republican rapacities, but now it is
trying to find a way to dispose of the
bogy and yet keep it intact for the
uses of the future."
Where the Rub Comes.
In the matter of the measure drawn
to do away with interlocking director
ates, the Democrats are confronted by
a question as to whether state banks
can be brought within the provisions
of the statutes which it is proposed to
pass. The party of course wants the 1
state bank directorates separated as it
desires those of national banks shall
be, and the question is can the sepa
ration be accomplished without violat-.
ing the doctrine of states rights,
The house committee which is con- t
sidering the case has had Louis D. f
Brandeis before it as a witness and
probably as an adviser. Mr. Brandeis b
is now engaged as special counsel by n
the interstate commerce commission I
in the railroad advanced rate case.
He told the Democrats of the commit
tee that there are three ways by which F
they can pass the states rights ob
stacle by the flank and yet leave it p
there intact for further use. Accord
ing to Mr. Brandeis congress years
ago established a precedent .which
can be used this day to jfstify the
forbidding of interlocking directorates
of state banks. This precedent was a
set by the national lawmakers when a
they taxed the currency of state t
banks out of existenea
As a second method of reaching
the states rights matter through the s
federal power, Mr. Brandeis says that
all banking business of necessity par
takes of an interstate character, or.
t in other words, that it enters into in
terstate commerce and that this fact
ought to bring it well within the realm
of the power of congress to act As
a third method he says that the mat
ter can be reached thrbugh the right t
of congress to declare what matter
shall be carried in the United States
mails. Presumably th means that
the postal privileges cd be withheld
from any state bank hich declines
to comply with the w forbiddlng
the interlocking of directorates.
Make Much of Trivial Subjects.
Members of congress, especially
when they make speech tin the capi
tol on what may seem to be trivial
Ssubjects, make every urort to show
that they are determined this aountry
. shall continue to be a democracy, "a
Splace of continued rule by the plain
people with no rills on the ruled or
the rulers."
It is a curious faet that sanators ad
Srepresentatives frequently show more
Salarm lest the democracy of the pe
. pie be undermined by some little
t thing suggestive of luxury or of d
. cadence of taste than they do over
what appears to be the rapid growthb
o of class conditions in this country and
Sthe rapid concentration of wealth in
Sthe hands of the few. 'he big things
. which threaten democracy are over
t looked, but the little things are taken
up on a high plane and pointed to as
j. danger signals of a coming crash tin
. the affairs of the republic.
SThey have Just been having a tre
Smeadous debate in the senate over
the use of automobiles by government
o oalals. I
t One would think from what was
y said by more or less eminent senators
Sof the United States from the floor of
y the senate that an oelial who rides in
San automobile is tainted with all the
a vicious luxuriousness of Nero. emper
. or of the Romans. O bearing the
Id philippics one would think that every
k official who ures an automobile has
ar under his seat a fiddle and a bow
Swhich he is anxiously wanltlg oppor
to tunities to use for the making of
s- music while Wuashington burns.
RI would comply as closely as possible
with local sentiment, so they named
) the postoee "Tophet" Tophet was a
ihill on which the refuse of Jerusalem
was dumped and burned. The fires
were almost continuous, and hence To
Sphet came to signify hell, or a place of
Sendless perdition. Many postoffice
names are duplicated, but West Virgi
i sIls boasts of having the only Tophet
S, the land. What a difference one let.
t ter of a word makes in history! It is
hsaid that Nome, Alaska, got its name
u- trom the ifacit that the "a" of the word
n Name was misinterpreted for an "o."
1 At that, it is a very tmpressive name.
a -Tacoma Ledger.
e -Contedate PeslMoe,
to All of the southern states pension
le their exsoldiers. The amount given
t- is small as compuared with that given
r by the United 8ttaes government to
r) the Union soldiers, but it is all that
in can be afforded. If you will write to
pthe governor of Lotuisana or his secre
a tary you will doubtless be furnilhed
Id with the spedfe Information you do
of sre. Direct your letter of inqury to
mn asta Roge, mthes amit~
1~.-+ 15 LVY%~
- €4-9 "'b
Sweet Potato Slips In a Cold Frame, Ready to Be Pulled.
Vineless. B, Benson.
Sweet potatoes are propagated by I
means of what are called "slips." A t
slip is a sprout which develops from I
the Invisible buds or eyes on the sur- 1
face of the sweet potato. The tuber c
is capable of producing a large num- i
ber of slips. While the common
method of propagating sweet potatoes i
is by means of these slips, they can
Result of Tests Made at Arkansas Ex
periment Station-Anknale Are
Affected DIlfferently.
The experiments were undestaken
mainly to test the effects of various
methods of treatment of cottoneeed
meal in removing or lessening the
toxic action of this feed, write R. L R.
Dinwiddle and A. K. Short, Arkansas
Station. Also to learn it any sub
stance was removed from cotton-seed
meal by simple methods of extraction
with aqueous and acid solvents, or by
cooking, which would produce in ani
mals symptoms comparable with those
iproduced by the untreated meal in
corresponding amounts.
It was found, in one trial, that "fer
mentation" or decomposition of cote
ton-seed meal for 48 hours at a tem
perature of 20 to 28 degrees Centi
grade did not lessen its toxic action
when fed to pip.
Cottonseed meal, from which 2 per
cent. more of fat had been removed
by extraction with gasoline, showed no
diminution of toxicity.
In two trials it was found that cold
aqueous extraction removed from cot
ton-seed meal no substance which
could be shown to be toxic for pigs.
The extract similarly obtained by
dilute hydrochloric acid proved non
toxic in one trial. In a second test a
temporary sickness occurred in one
animal the identity of which with cot
tonseed poisoning was not established.
The fluid strained from cotton-seed
meal, after prolonged steaming, caused
death with symptoms and post-mortem
chanes of eotton-seed poisoning in
one case. This fluid, however, was not
a clear solution of matters extracted
from the meal, but contained much
material in suspension. The meal it
self, after such cooking and separation
of the fluid, also proved toxic.
In young cattle (fattening steers)
symptoms of polsonntg appeared after
a consumption of cotton-seed meal
(along with hulls) equal to from 75 to
108 per cent. of the body weight The
anatomical lesion of cotton-seed pois
oning of cattle is an interstitial ter
stitis which may end in complete
In hogs there is a degeneration of
the musecular tissue of the heart and
of the parenchyma of the liver and
kidneye.s with extreme pasesive conges
tion of all the viscera and fd e alton
into the serous cavities, espeially the
plear. Hoi s which have recovemred
and gained their thrift did not show,
after slaughter, any microscopic
changes in these organs.
It may be noted finally that the Ill
efects resulting from the feeding of
cotton-seed may be due to a prolonged
absorption of poisonous products gen
crated in the digestive tract by decom
position or putrefacctve changes pe
culiar to this feed. The problem, how
ever, has not yet been approached
from thas point of view.
Intreoducing New Hogs.
When the new stock sow or boar is
received at the farm, put it by itself
for a month or six weeuks at least. If
at that time it seems perfectly healthy,
and has been improved in esh, it is
safe to put it with the other stock.
This is a safe preventive of the n
troductlon of disease on the farm.
Ten Days Should Elapse Betweern Va
eination andi Butchering--Care
fully NIote Condition.
(B HI. PRT'sTON ITOBKIN8. o stant i
Veterinaran. University Farm. St.
Paul. Minn.)
"How lons after a bog is vacfarted
before it can be butchered for food
prposes?" we are often asked.
At last ten dayD should be allowed
to elanpw betwana ccination ad
also be propagated from cuttings. Tme
cuttings are usually taken from the
slips which have been planted in the
field and which have made a growth
of four to ten inches. These cutthas,
are taken off and either rooted hi i
favorable place or may be true
planted at once into the field.
In order to get the slips it is aeet
sary to bed out the tubers. The con.
mon method of bedding out the sweet
potatoes Is in a cedd frame or hot bed.
It has been found by many that on the
whole better resllts are obtained bfe
the cold frame than from the hot be".
In the bottom of a cold frame a laer
of sweet potatoes is placed and oa.
ered over with sand or very sandy iI
to a depth of two or three lahs.
This is then watered well and a gsatse
cold frame sash is placed over the
frame. Occasional sprinkling will be
necessary to keep the soil moist der
ing the time the potatoes are splwt.
ing. Immediately after the first crp
of slips is taken off, the sweet poite
bed must be sprinkled over thorough
ly and if any of the tubers have be
come exposed they must be covered
over. In ten or fifteen days another
crop of slips is ready for transpla.t,
ing. After the second crop of slips b
taken off, the sweet potato bed must
be treated as before. Prom three to
five crops of slips may be taken of It
care is taken of the bed. The generd
practice is to plant in ridges from
three and a half to four feet apart
and transplant in the rows from 15 to
18 inches apart.
Growing Leguminous and Non-Legum
nous Plants Together Adds Higher
SContent of Protein.
It has long been known that name
plants are benefited and some u
Injured by association. Assoedn
seems to be especially benell"i
case of leguminous plants (pSaI
clover, etc.) and cereals or gras
Recent investigations throw new Ia
on the reasons for this beneelal et
fect. It appears that the legamides
plants not only gather nitroges bete
the atmosphere by means of their
root-tubercle bacteria and are thus
fore able to make a large growth, A
that some of the nitroges m wtabpl
is passed on to the grain. grase
other non-leguminous plant assgitei
with it.
The result is a larger growth of the
non-legume and also a higher esst
V * *..
r Exellent Length of Vine o CNP
Grown in Marinette Couatyn -
of- protein, or nitrogenous 3 _
which considerably increases its 10
e as food for stock. Such bends W
been noted from the growth of dM
f and timothy, alfalfa and timothy. -
Soats and pas. Other comblaib
I have not been studied. The Inc
- growth of plants is combilatlms
a that of single crops, together with S
5 improved composItion of the Lbr
SIa reelRted tn some asela sha
•. crease of more than 30 per cost is" t
c prmoduction of protein per acre.
Increased value probably eatedS
I the roots and stems left in the U
f and means much in the productis
d food for stock and In soil ImPto'
- ment.
Absorbs Poisonous Fu'ee
If painting in the inside of a he
place bauckets of water around; it a
sorbs the poisonous fumes from th
paint which has arsenic in ISt, UP
Sclally green paint.
SCow Unlike a Machine.
, Remember that the cow is nOt
5 ectly like a machine or a mill. Y
. can't put in a certain food and get -
- of desired quality. The cow
It in her own individual way.
E butchering. If, at the expiratils d
time, the bog appears to be heaLh
every way, it is flt for food. I1f
hog shows any signs of sickar4.
matter how slight, it would not he.
to butcher it until fully recoverd.
then the carcass should not be
t if it shows any extensive alttsd0
. as the result of the previousi
d Fruit is a highly perishablei
and the successful fruit grow "
d one who gives not less study '
d kti ha is nroduct than to V 

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