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A MODERN PORTIA
To Miss Lucille Pugh. the criminal lawyer of New York. belongs the dis tinction of being the first of her sex to defend a man accused of murder This honor Miss Pugh accepts with the same unassuming frankness that characterized her conduct in the de fense of Leroy Poindexter. the negro. whom she saved from the electric chair. Thanks to the skill with which Miss Pugh handled the case the first jury disagreed, and at the second trial she obtained a verdict of manslaughter in the second degree. When trying her now famous case, Miss Pugh made a remarkable picture Standing but an inch over five feet, her auburn hair parted at the side and drawn tightly around her shapely head, her brown eyes glancing from the tense face of the accused negro to the jury of twelve white men, her right hand outstretched in an appeal ing manner toward them, her left in dicating the prisoner, she subtly sought to force into the minds of her hear ers the innocence of the man she was defending. One of the best-known court officials, who has attended for the last twenty years all the notable criminal trials in New York, stated that in his opinion, her defense was the most capable he had ever heard. HEAD OF ITALY'S NAVY Prince Louis of Savoy. duke of the Abruzzi, admiral of the fleet of Italy. is known to Americans largely through the American associations of his in teresting career. He has made several visits to this country, one of them resulting In a love affair which, after world-wide publicity, left the duke still a bachelor.: He is distinguished as an explorer and mountain climber, and at the time of the earthquake which destroyed Messina, as well as last January, when Avezzano and its : vicinity were roughly shaken, he was a leader in relief work. From his earliest youth the duke has made his life one of activity and of service. He entered the navy and eame to the United States on board as. Italian warship when he was eight eas years old. He became so inter. sated on his frst trip here thPt he re turned some five or six years later, iand then he came again about ten years ago. On this latter tour of the ouantry it was persistently rumored that he and Miss Katherine Elkins, daughter of the West Virginia senator, were engaged to be married. The duke of Abruszl won more renown as an explorer and climber of ' mountain peaks than in any other of the pursuits to which he had given ,attention. He ascended Mount Elias, Alaska, made his way to a height of 24,1000 feet, the greatest on record, in the Himalayas, and he penetrated far > bto the recesses of the Uganda district of Africa. Italy's sea chief is only forty-two years old. He is more like an Ameri ea business man in appearance than a European naval officer. OUR NEW SUBMARINE CHIEF Germany's remarkable develop ment of submarine warfare has I aroused the interest and action of I every civilized nation, and the United t States is not behind others in recog- I nixing its importance. In order to de- e velop the undersea arm of the Amer. lean navy and to eliminate its pres- 3 eant faults, Secretary Daniels has des- f ignated Capt. A. W. Grant, one of the t highest ranking officers of his grade, t to command the Atlantic submarine a flotilla and exercise genersal superv. c slon over that branch of the service. ' He already has got under way an II the submarine flotilla in flrst-class condition to perform all of the fuc-e. tions for which it is designed, and n much of his time Is spent in Wash ington and at the various shore sta- S tions. His powers la the work of con-. e struction and development are very fi large, and be reeives every possiuble i asiatance froma the navy department. As assistant in this important task, Captain Grant has Commander oi S tirling, who is eoasldered one of the leading experts on underwater a SmRa and who last wlater gave eongress and the pabile some interesting 0 ,kbrmaieno about the weaknnees of the veasels undw his charge. a CONGRESSMAN SEES adjournel entered on he is a con form of vaes his wife, Ket the first thing the con the eapitol." several huen had saome tthe time eurists that what they t that tIl I wase't U 'd were Sthey i Uir e lk aw os 1 *~ lsentt, a led at they went up in the Wasuhitston mon , after camohletias a wel times or aw It from the window of b et the ainelmal eitiea of t he been up cluoe to tt. o Jut baesm maina he mal*: tomb of George Washinaton at Mouant nst weds to beloved tatbhe bureau of engravina--even the m In ' he dlm ato be well the pension committe., Every little est rsedy. .M-ah u yto send home to frends, a SIB' AIUL BY DOE MARTIN Wsi. d KhWa Some Trappeg by On , Ir-.Jo. N rita ba Jaut 6aadt thed bett of Sat bma .e 160.ains. me with It a IwIP1 tat.. 7t NI b uth M6s -basrn that 'ha Mt at two a with $ irtCa W araa crow S W- AM so c w t. ;O W r Russia, lst of Natons. Russia laks oly ten longltuddnal of stretching hal way round e earth, and pousessese oue4tth of e landed area of the planet. Russia's tic possessions are 40 times as t as those of Japan, even since Russo-Japanese war. The variety asi's resources make the empire only to the United tates as the t food producing country In the It leads all nations hn mieral and tUmber supply. HUNDREDS OF DIFFERENT INSECtPESTS Lace-Wing Fly--A, Eggs; B, Larva; C. Foot; D, Larva Devouring Pear Tre Psylla; E. Cocoon; G, Head: F a nd M Adult (fly J. w. F)I.SSOlM. case, A field of red clover in full bloom is :ture alive with insects. Such a profusion feet, of insect visitants, both as regards e and number of individuals and number of apely species at one and the same time is from afforded by no other plant that we ro to know of, with the possible exception her of alfalfa. In the clover fields of our ºpeal- experimental farm we have taken two ft in- hundred species of insects-not all of bear- them injurious, though more than half sown of them feed on the plant, adding table to these the other species that have the been listed as feeding on clovers. vetches and alfalfa, it is seen that I these plants are food for more than Stwo hundred different kinds of insects. A hundred or more are predaceous or parasitic on these clover insects, or else feed on animal or vegetable mat ter in the soil of the clover field. No part.of the plant escapes attack. The roots are eaten by the larvae and the beetles of the root-borer, as well as by those of half a dozen other species, and are drained of their sap by the mealy bug. The stem is hol lowed out by the common stem-borer. Clover Root Borer-Beetle, Larva and Pupa. Both the stems and the leaves are pierced by many hemipterous insects, a especially aphids and Jassids, and are eaten by a great variety of caterpil lars, beetles and grasshoppers, as are also the heads of the flowers. The is. ovule is destroyed by the maggot of the seed-midge, and the developing of seed is eaten out by the seed-chalcid. Yen Even the hay is the special food of a of certain caterpillar, hence called the far clover hay worm. Some of the insects of the clover er- field are, of course, beneficial. Such are those that pollinize the flowers bumblebees and, to some extent, honey bees, as well as those that act as cheeks on the ifatrlous insects. Most of the clover insects are not limited to clover, but to other food op. plants as well. The seed-midge and has the seed-caterpillar are, however, con of fined to the clovers, and the seed ted chalcid to clovers and alfalfa so far og as known. The root-borer is said to de- eat peas as well as clover. The hay- A er- worm has been found only on hay as es- yet. but the moth has beeq raised es- from masses of dead grape leaves he taken tn a vineyard. The leaf weevil h Ie, is reported from beans and timothy, h Ie as well as clover and alfalfa. The vi- clover louse has been a pest of the ee, worst kind on peas and has a long C an list of food plants. Of the less Im of portant clover insets, a few have no Et sa other food plant; but the majority can c- easily maintain their existence when ad no clover is at hand. mh- The combined efforts of all the In- (B ta- sects are sufclent to reduce the bay in- crop materially every year. Aside ry from the occasional conspicuous tn I ue jury, there is every year a steady at. drain on the plant through the attacks or of insects. This annual drain is not be or noticed for the very reason that it e mg occurs every yer. It we could keep all the insects out of the clover se, li JIM an mi .o be vha Et gs Larva and Pupa of Cleverseed Chalcid. we should get more hay. If we could exclude all except the bumblebees and br. the honeybees, we should undoubtedly of get an immens Increue in the yield fee of sMed te Those who raise clover seed on a exi commercial scale owe their sueeess to bo methods which operate chiefly against shi the insect enemies of seed--whether do, the growem are aware of it or not. i Under the same conditions of soil and climate, one man is able to get a good crop of seed and his nearest neighbor snot. vet Many farmers do not attempt to its -ais their own elover seed. Those for who do, get more or less of a crop ne accordin to etrumstances. In the black soil of the corn belt, one and onehalf beshels of seed per acre is at bout the average yield for clover: no the roil is not the best for this erop we Frequently too little seed is sown, and the always the wseed inasects ravage the all Beet Piao feeor Mmmanure Youa eaunot use some of the bara- J Sryurd manure to say better advantage pal t than to spread it oa the alfalfa field rat t just after the first cutting. Set the tlo * spreader so it will spread It thnlaly. so s This Is especially valuable on the wil Shillside. of i S Let Turkey lHe Alone. A turkey bae destres to be let asb i Sverely alone durig the laying season; par she is very apt to change her iest tina when aing watbed. crop unless certain precautions ar taken. Many influences combine t srds reduce the crop of seed. The wors irds injuries to the seed are insidious i r of their nature, and are caused by I e Ssects. These injuries are of thre we classes: (1) Those of a negative kin on due to lack of pollination. (2) Th two positive injuries due to miscellaneou two insects that eat clover heads in an in Ialf cidental way. (3) The postive injuries caused by insects that feed solely upon ling clover seeds or florets. The first two er groups are relatively unimportant in hat comparison with the last. hat The importance of the bumblebee in cts the pollination of red clover is so well or established as to need no discussion. or That of the honeybee, however, is not t- sufficiently recognized. The honeybee pollinizes clover to some extent, even though its tongue Is two millimeters ck. shorter than the average coralla tube. end A field of red clover is always er thronged with honeybees if any of them are being kept' within a mile or oap two of the place; and these bees se er- cure nectar from flowers that are un dersized, especially in times of drought, when most of the flowers are smaller than usual; also from flowers that secrete a copious amou. t of nec tar. "he bees, bumblebees especially, should be protected always. They are the best friends of the clover grower. Early pasturing is the secret of a good seed crop, as the growers in New nd York, Ohio, Michigan and other states have found. The explanation is alm e ple. The fact is that pasturing gives t a good seed crop for the reason that it delays the heading of the plant until ar- a time when the seed-midges and e seed chalcids are no longer on the he wing and laying eggs. When precau tions are not taken against these pests, they can be counted upon every id. year to destroy most of the clover seed. In some localities these two in he sects eat from 50 to 75 per cent of the red clover seed every year without er 5h ot 1d id o - Alfalfa and Cleverseed Chalcid, Adult. L hindrance. The farmer gets only what the insects leave. If he gets two ii bushels of seed to the acre, the insects have, perhaps, already eaten from two to six bushels of the same acre. g CARE FOR THE LITTLE CHICKS I o Especial Attention Must be Given t During First Ten Days-Essentials n for Suceessful Brooding - (By H. L. KEMPSTER. MWmogrl Expert meat Station.) New hatched chicks require special food and care, especially during the Iut ten days. After they are ten days old the following mixture should t be kept in a treough where the chicks t can ran to it at all times. Thirty parts cornmeal, 20 parts wheat mid lings, 10 parts paue beef scrap sifted fine and one part bone meal, and finely eat gree hod. As the chicks i.crease in size the mixed chick food ean be replaced by coarser grains. At this stage it may be advisable to tbed a wet mash once a day, about 4 p. m. The chicks should be giveg no more teed than Stbw-ql t at up before going to roost. As they i~r se in tlsooe should have aocess to df to a hopper, where they can help them selves. I Some essuntials for suweesful I brooding re, clean food, consisting rof both cricked grains and ground I feed: animal feed, such a milk, bunt- 1 termllk or commercial beef scrape; lextra bone-making material, such as Sbonemeai: clear water; plenty of Sshade: comfortable dry quarters: free. rdom from lice, and access to clean, Sfresh earth. SEuropean Food Supply. SThis year the entire world will look I very largely to the United 8tates for SIts supply of food. Every possible ef fort should be exerted to meet the t Sneeds that will be thrust upon aus. IFight on Weed Crop. S The entire forces of the farm should now be ready for an onslsught on the weed crop. Have the plows bright. I the barrows and the disks menaded ad all ready to use. RId Farm e Rats. A systematic sad releatles cam paign agalnst rats, the construction of rat-proof structures and the preven tion of refusa food from aatumulatnag so uas to maintain the pesky rodents, will go faru towards ridding the farm of these pests.ar Keep Little Pigs Buy. The little pis must be kept busy a ' part of the time to prevent their get- I ting too fat and laszy, which will ea. esrage thumamps. c UIV.5Yw III I na '.unlnIlLJ. Called Silent Sermons and Have Be come Exceedingly Popular in Numerous Sections. Hundreds of churches throughout the country are now equipped with all the machinery used for giving mov ing picture shows. The church movi.e which has aptly been called the si lent sermon, is proving a great suc cess in attracting large congregations. A great variety of special films have been prepared suitable for such we. and a clergyman in selecting a abject to his taste finds a surprising variety to choose from. There are fins suitable for sermons on all the conmandments, as well as many of the most familiar texts in the Ilible. Steveral of the firms making a special ty of such films issue regular cata logqes to assist clergymen in select ing lilent sermons. In scores of churches the projecting mac ~es are part of the church furni ture. The rigid laws laid down by the fite departments apply as well to churc4s as to theaters and the ma chines tnust be set up in fireproof me tallic raoms. The electric wiring is arranged so that the sermon may bhe turned (I conveniently in the main church auditorium or the lecture or chapter rooms. The screens and the rest of the equipment are of the usual standard t'e. Many of the film houses which str,'y churches have small theaters or ehbition rooms where a clergy man mLlave a trial exhibition of a silent seran before definitely order ing it. The film serons are rented out at a regular rate,-.ccording to their length and the nare of the produc tion. In producing'hese silent ser mons a regular churt service is fol lowed, consisting of ta singing of hymns, prayers and reaog of th, lesson. The films are careftv ', ... to fit into the place assigne them. Some of the catalogues of silen ser mons suggest church services toic company them, giving the numberef appropriate hymns and Scriptural hlaf sons. The Polymuriel Garment. Some ladies in New York are at work just now hunting for the philoso pher's stone. They claim to believe that a "polymuriel" garment in femi nine dress can be designed that will suitably clothe every type of figure, every age, for every occasion, every day, from getting up to going to bed. from the period when the girl first comes out of the nursery till she goes to her grave. The philosopher never found the mythical stone that could turn every thing to gold. Clothes problems, like the poor, will be with us always. There are ways and means of eliminating some of the problems, and it is pos sible to reduce all fractions except the "vulgar fractions" of mathematics to their lowest terms. But it is a foolish waste of time and energy to hunt for the impossible. And it is impossible to find one style of dress suitable for everybody. Nobody who is fastidious wishes to wear one costume from early morning till late at night. There is a positive psychological benefit in the bath and change of toilet that separate the working hours of the day from the hours of relaxation. Not even two (or a collection of) "polymurtels" that could be worn alternately would solve our clothes needs. Suitable clothes for street and travel and business are not suitable for indoor Rear.-Belle Armstrong Whitney, in Good Health. War's Effects in Labrador. The far-reaching influences of the present war are illustrated by the ef feet it is ,having on the Indian and half-breed trappers of Labrador and Hudson bay. says an exchange. The various compeanies which carry on the tra1c in pelts in this northern re gion are curtaling their operations,. and although steamers of the New foundland sealing fleet will go north in the coming summer, uas in previous years, to take supplies for the fur. trading posts and to embark the stocks of furs and fish eollected dur-e ing the pest twelve nonthbs, they will carry much smaller quantites of trad ing goods and proviaions than hereto fore. This policy is dictated by the fact that since the war began valuable furs have been a drag in the world's markets, and little prospect of any betterment is foreshadowed until aft er hostilities terminate and old-time conditions of prosperlty revive. Pick Uneamrlthe Can of eld. A workman excavating for a new buillding uneovered with his plekax a tin ean illed with gold. The amount is estimated at between $2,000 and $5,000. The money was divided among the men. The colns, of .50, $, S, 10 and $t0 piees, were dated from 1840 to 1855, leaing the impression that the owner had put them in the hiding place before the Civil war. It is thought he enlisted and intended to get the money after his return.-Mil. wauke Dispatch to the New York Herald. To Be World's HIghet Dam. The United 8tates reelamation serv Ice is blocking the Bolrd river canyon, at Arrowrock, with a dam 350 feet high. This will be the highest dam In the world. It will have a length of 1,075 feet at the top and will containt 530.000 cabic yards of material. Durling construction the waters are being diverted through a tunnel run nlng around the dam. The tunnel is 487 feet long and measures 25 by 30 feet. It is large enough to pass the whole of the Boise river. A Veritable 8olomon. "Blinks is probably the wisest man in the world." "Why such an outburst*" "He can tell a woman's dispoolttlo without marrying her."-Philadelphin Enqulrer. Little Differencem. Blondlne-I just read about a man who trained his dog to use the tel' phone, Brunetta--Oh, well, it will be Jut one more growler for central to listen be-Youagstown Tialna It's a Picnic Getting Ready for a If you choose Spanish Olve Pickles Sweet Relish Ham Loaf Chicken Loaf Fruit Preserves Jellies Apple Lbcheon Meats Pork and Beans Ready to San, Fooa Prod Insst on Libby's at -our rocer'a Libby, MFNeill & Libby Chicago WANTED THE REGULAR TOOLS At Least Colored Man Was Sure of One Thing, He Wouldn't Work With the Pie. An old negro man was standing by a grassy yard in front of a Chinaman's washhouse when a woman walked to the street corner near by to board a car. The old man approached her and, lifting his hat, politely said: "Lady. can you tell me where I can obtain a job?" Hie held in his hand a loosely wrap ped package, from which protruded the edge of what was apparently a five ce- , pie. The lady replied that he might ask the Chinaman for the Job of cutting the grass. So the colored man bar- t gaihed with the Chinaman to cut the grass, for which he was to receive 25 cents. Then it turns out that the Chinaman 'as no tools, and the colored man's Iln mower is a long way off at his hoe and he is disinclined to go after it, forhe way is weary, the flesh tired. Thdady finally suggested in a mat- t ter of .ct way: 'Are you going to cut t the grah with the pie?" The colored t man drewhimself up with great dig nity and relied, reprovingly: "Lady, I ne-r cut grass with a pie." l Jus'tLike Dad. "What makes ,at boy so fidgety at the breakfast tCle?" growled the head of the famil as he glared over the top of his papr. "I suppose he's titing for you to a get through with t]P sport page so d he can find out whowon yesterday's game," said the boy's lother. "You're the same way yourselfrhen the news in man forgets to deliver the paper." ii It's the high spots thatknock out the rolling stones. c 1 ý C iylas ti.Lkpsd 'Post _ Toasti Hpm a @- eutnmm And 11 waivel7 l 1 n a 1 vy nd Amdd thewuiyfs rc Clemamd pm as smwih bom do AWOL may or cmdaal fnmt Pout T;a u ds weadfull delido - ok b Cllor C~qmmy ' 1 ~ ~ 4.-11 .i l a 4~ Vc * k Geometry Re., Plato is said to have his door: "'let no one geometry enter here." restriction waould reduc ing list. Perhaps outside sional mathematicians he no one at all. All the philanthropists, the hi3 nothing of those ladies sal of leisure whose critical so importantly developed would certainly be abseat' still, would suffer very exclusion. Yet going centuries for guests, a company might have beg of those who. without merely for mathematical known to have understood the subject. The Greek would have been there is phonse X. Omar Kha Durer. Leonardo da Viad,l Pascal, Napoleon and Lewis Profane. "What do you think of horn?" asked Mr. Flppe. the bulb and producing a that was calculated to seoa trian out of his seven "I don't like it at all," wife. "It sounds too ma language you use when >a ing the car." Peruvian Balsam. Peruvian balsam. known th over for its excellent propeti not come from Peru at all. Il along a stretch of the co*s d dor. Most of us who attempt Ib mantle of greatness are in the fit. If it is necessary to >i choose lazy men.