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| r Ar Ic ·r,',! - " "" - F .1 N i Uncannu Instinct of Homers" Saved Lives of Manu Soldiers ',<"" ..."""" Durino Struale ,Just Lnded ' '"... "" litiiI "lA i 's . . M t ha ver 7 . In the ite (I pX I 11Iniel ll,,--,.t . .. .. ....... ..I.... liU . . ....-.....:::-. ....... Il i l t- .(.il+iCs, s)( l si};+...u ,elie records of this war are replete with stories of the courageous work e rfortieed by ca:rrier pige-on'ls while sltillng the live's of our .ohlliers. but no inclident pbetter illustrates what they lhave awccl i'nlished than their activities in tli( battle of liethain court and Dead Main's hill. An en tire French regiment was cut off from their conmrades, completely surroundetdl for four da-ys antd with no method of crnmunieatting word M their plight to the general in command. That fourth night one of the men scouting in No Mttl'S Land stumbled over a dead comrade on whove back was trappeld a basket c.arrylng two little pigeons that during the four-stay battle had been sfegttardkd by the bodly of their caretaker. Ten derly the scout brought the basket and birds back to the colonel on the hill. Early the next morning messages were written, atlixed to the legs of the birds, which, exhausted and dust soiled, but Imbued witlh indomitable spirit and p-lck, were liberated-wafted Into the air by the prayers and wishes of the regiment, hearing with them the only remaining hope for these thousandl so of men and the happiness of other thousnnds in their families, at home. Shortly afterward bot Tpr blrdp fluttered wearily into their loft back at ea headquartnrs; and in a sortie ordered by the gen- lI; eral the enemy was driven back and the regiment pl aved. One of the ofeers of that regiment is now in I. Washington, and hei has promised himself that in now thelwar is over he will have a loft of the n ,best birds he can get. anid the best care and at- tt tention that is possible will be but a slight part ,e of his measure of appreciation and gratitude to the little feathered messengers to whom he and ti his comarades owe their lives. r These little birds have been used in almost tl every ,onceivable way to get word back to the ti or to headquarters when all other n en's of communication failed. I1 Carrier pigeons are not only used by the in- e fantry and the navy, but are used frequently by t the air service. At the Dunkirk hydroplane ath- t tion they have an enviable record. There has not I been a single accident to a plane, nor the loss of t a plane in coambat, where word of the occurrence I iwas not brought back by the pigeons which are I a part of the equipment of the planes. Instances at the value of the messengers could be multi- I Swithout number, but it la more interesting ecomat how these birds are bred, reared and o ader war conditions. p pigeon's ability to do all of these wonderful ". 'M lies Its faculty of orientation, that is. its power to know as soon as it is released in what direction its home loft is and to 'fly directly to it. The perfection to which orientation is developed ia the highly bred and trained homer was recently demonstrated at a pigeon fly conducted by the pigeon section of the signal corps, when 3.100 homing pigeons were released in Washington for a fly to New York city. 224 miles. To a single bird, these pigeons ran out of their coops and arose In the air with the speed of an express train. and after taking a half cirele to get their bearing were off for New York. Every one of the pigeons was reported to have arrived prompt ly and the first arrival made the trip in 5 hours agd 40 minutes. Surely it did not stop to read many sign posts on the way. Jst how the homing pigeon developed this power qf orientation is a moo: question, but it is certaln that it has been cultivated through cen until now it is almost uncanny. What the pigeon back to the loft where it first "*gok to the air" Is a quality called by many mases, and you will find that each person knows that be has the answer to the riddle. Some call i gmate love of home; others attribute it to fac ulty, atmospherle conditions, sight, or memory. personally. I cannot call it anything more or less t* instinct, highly developed. We find It in r degree in horses, dogs and eats. and in do birds it seems to be developed a little less .arkedly. but with sufficient accuracy so that td amigrate annually thousands of miles without te aid at any other compass than their instinct. Wham we remember the potent power of selee am (aid nk of the years and generations of eadreul breeding and selection which the homing pigena has undergone it is not so wonderful that they have developed the homing instinct to a high doIre. I have seen their cousins, the fan-tailed geon bred to such a degree of fineness that Og weighed only a few ounces apiece and were Carrying-on Alone weat dowatown for the peace celebration d' on, w05om, whos husbend bad lned i- one of the regiments snt to Pspc Sogauen one, who knew her. expresed at her beIa willing to take part La this uyn west awary he sas quite a aoe. be e s l *&He net only wer a $1b p what he sed anesem ws WArTC//YG/FO AF 'JA4`d'EFRO TiNTEFPROA so nervous that they could not stand still-they inn weri like the hair-spring of a watch. constantly lHe ipr.eening and ducking and on the nlove. In very sna early times homing pigeons were in vogue illn Ecypt. Greece and among the Romans. Racing int t pigeons has been a royal and n:tional sport in in P:elgitn,. France. Italy, Turkey. Egypt and Eng- fad n I:nd for hunllire's of years. It v.as introduced rel into this country in the seventies and has enjoyed wl a fair and steady growth until now there aire wi three national homing ptgeon issoclattons with a gr memhbership of more than '2.000 breeders. nt IMuch time is spent in teaching the pigeon all of \ fa the tricks wh ''h count when the bird is actually ha racing in competition with other pigeons. It 1s in it taught to enter the loft immediately upon its re- In to turn. for a bird that does not enter so that the sr Pr message it carries can be taken from it is of very TI little value as a messenger. Nothing is more ea n- exasperating to the fancier or racer than to have ly ty the pigeon return and cool Its anatomy and view tl the scenery for a half hour before entering the it ot loft. It is nearly sufficient cause to make the ni of trainer of pigeons lose his faith in pigeon nature; i< ce besides it gives the neighbors a chance to make b re remarks about the fullgrown men playing with T S birdies. Once the bird is inside the loft it can- fi ti- not emerge, since each loft is equipped with a ih ng trap through which the bird can enter at any time h ad but cannot go out unless the trap is pet for exit. v The ordinary barn variety of pigeon or those v rui bred for the production of squabs for market and a Its the racing homing pIgeon should not he con- a tat fused. They are as distinct and have as many s it. points of difference as have the big draft horse t ied and the high-strung, nervous racing horse. The tly ordinary pigeon has very little homing ability. 1 whe whereas the homing pigeon is kept and bred ex- i 100 clusively for that faculty. They are also bred for for speed. and every muscle which is used in flight I gle is developed almost at the expense of the other I nd muscles of its hbody. In races the actual speed ess recorded is almost beyond belief. Speeds of 1,8.'50 eir to 1.900 yards per minute, or 90 miles per hour. of have been made for short distances, and it is not ipt- extraordinary for a bird to cover in excess of :.01 ors miles in a single day. The record for 1.0(0) miles ead is I day. ii hours. 24 minutes and 11 seconds, and was made by a bird named Bullet. and the longest his successful race was 1.689 miles from Denver, is Colo.. to Springfield. Mass. (time 22 days. 3 hours. en- 22 minutes). although instances are recorded hat where birds sent from New York to the Pacific rt coast as breeders. have, on liberation or escape, returned from California. over the mountains and ,ws plains to their old homes In New York. call At various times in this country the army and fc- navy have decided to use use carrier pigeons in ory. their work. but with indi fferent success until the less recent war. The old repoirts are rather amusing in when considered in the light of present-day knowl I in edge of what can he done with the birds when less handled properly. Pigeons were used in the navy that more than 20 years ago, hut failed through lack lout of proper care. At the time of the Mexican bor net. der trouble pigeons were again tried. but with lee- little success for the same reason and through s of lack of time for acclimatization. ning Homing pigeons were first put on a business that like basis in the army in Mardi. 1017. in the high eastern department. In November of that year tiled the pigeon section of the land division of the stg that nal corps was organize4, and since then rapid ere progress has been maae in this country and on your face. I can c<rry-on better if I know youll do that.' "So I promled him I would, and be reminded sion me in every letter of m promise. 'Carry-ona with had a smile.' he ended evry letter-even the last Ito e. So Fm still carryl g-on even if he doesn't ed some back. My proeL e still holds."-Illaln t oi a*ls Nm - A .. pm in 3a s.W sh W Sireteding,,, r ietll'tng 141 tl n , ".. ilg. MalYS o4f thitte havevi44 aIlrcadyl fou'IOd service' a1kAc/I6k1O/? 41, ti 's I.'4: ill the care of aire' loft's and the birds of our an :urn'ies. It has been lnet;- a wessary to train a large nultmber of peophle in this ; work. :as it wals practl- F . c(llly new to each person , ."n'I in the use land care Isit of tilhe birds at the front il i: t and in the forwardinig of e. sI t ok tS all ti ook time. tn . SUnfortunately the pig- TIer could not talk. necessitat ing the writing of the wic: e Somllle wai hag aa tri: .prop'oIs'ed to improve the pigeo7n. by crossing it shill IAT wi!th a parrot. thus elit- Clet inatin: the necessity of writing the messages. A Hotiever, e he pIgeon ighit have somtething to wh1l say about the matter. in one of the Iost dhifficlt parts of tie work of $:4. introducing pigeons into the army service was to , A Instill into the ninds of tlhe officers and men the Oa: fact that the pigeons are reliable. That they are age relinable is iproved ly theb experienCe overseas, nm:a where the birds are retained in forward positions 5 while any other method, whether telephone, tele- smi graph. induction buzzers, wireless. wigwag or run- reo ner is available, and only when everything else ' al fails, and only the birds remain, then through i ibarrage. gas. and every other of the diabolical est inventions of war, more than 97 per cent of the trio inessages intrusted to our pigeons are safely and wO speedily delivered by them to headquarters., in These messengers are carried to the front in 9 especially constructed wicker baskets which can ga ih carried handily by the soldier Intrusted withq ntI their care. Back of the lines the plgeon. are kept rot in either of two kinds of lofts or home, station- tone nry or movable, but the essential feature of each thi is the same. Every effort Is tmannle to ma'ke etach bird comfortable, happy and attached to its home. W( This is done most effectively by the method of Of feeding, as the approach to the bird's affection Di is through its stomach, the same as with genus Rs homo. Each loft is equipped with a trap through pi which the birds are taught to enter and leave t without fear. Each time the bird enters the trap an alarm is automatically rung, notifying the attendant of the return of the bird. that the mes sage tay be immediately obtained and forwarded 31 to headquarters. c Before the late war if you had told a pigeon 4c fancier that you could move his pigeon loft as far as .50 miles and that the pigeons would return to it tr swiftly and accurately he would probably have at laughed at you and said something about your being a novice in the pigeon racing and breedinge ga.tue. The movable loft is one of the advances e in pigeon lore that the war has brought out. This is a very important development. as It is a highly desirable that the lofts always be near to military headquarters and available for instant removal with headquarters as conditions may re- l quire. These movable lofts are very well con- P structed and are interesting homes for these Itin- 0 erant messengers. They are outfitted with nesting boxes, observation traps, storage space for feed, water, and accommodations for one or two at tendants who are constantly on duty. In fact. r they remind one of the circus wagons that travel with the smaller circuses about the country. Another innovation developed was the "owl ex press." There were pigeons at the front that developed the faculty for seeing at night and these were called veritable lhman night owls. In fact. they came home much more steadily and accurately than some of their civilian brethren. who were wont to be habitual riders of the "owl express." The sport of racing and breeding pigeons is due to receive an impetus as a civilian sport now that the war is ended, and the progress made under war conditions should not he allowed to lapse. Thousands of soldiers will have become familiar with the birds and will have a warm regard for them. There will be many who will share the feeling of the officer who was mentioned in the first part of this article as having been saved by I the pigeons in the battle of Bethuncourt and I Dead Man's hill. r parts are loaded directly onto a truck with an overhead crane, run up a 25 per cent grade onto d the loading platform alongside the box cars and i then into the box car. The loading position of this t truck is directly at the bottom of the 25 per cent t grade and the truck must climb this grade from a - standing start. As high as two tons have been handled in a single load in this fashion. One of the serious problems that has confroated this man ufacturer is the handling of flasks and storage ma tertial on filled ground; to overcome this is a port " able board track with dat planks as rails was - uade and uo dld lty meonuatered la tranning at ap dwe ..v g tis t -li*smtamee of hO feet LABOR ITEMS 7Increase OF INTEREST La- F Il :1n 1: eil 't re'\ Week's Most Important Happen- ,.1 ,r,,"111 iigs :n This Country and .1: ,"" Elsewhere. i .... S- -ý Ii-nL, ,'I I WOULD KEEP LABOR BOARDS fl . ,Ii Association of Machinists MaKes Plea 1y":(,.1 for Their Retention-Recent Wage ,,1. ; In:-cases Granted--English :.1 :. Cotton Operatives Are i; " Back at Work. \\ith lh -ti-'i' 14, lilnt rn:ltilonal - ' 'i n - natii n:11 ti nli f .1 ','ll: nlii t'. tuook a hdecish.hl I~1- thlil f, iltio11 lill ` ,\" 1':l ii!, rt:ilft q e tli' lal \\.f l'1':' it its -ix-l"ay '1o tetl iini at New \\il York. t:il:in i , iVu'rl:, ulli ll Ither lhiri s, ithe M1- GEfl .,!iln -l: Istin retirenIl int bill :aid t it 'I' l Ilitllt It li the ',,g v Itv lit if (I.i :li1i :i!! hihlr h1ur1 1 l: In' toi do i th th \ ll r ki. Hljal !ilentihn of iilhotr dlisputles, par- i'lll'it ticla rly the natio ali war Ilabor hllard. are neit o'll:;re' \i"il, 11r1" j'ell| in t re uI. ltliln Fi .' t,. t 'ic tiuiillle the hLoilni l tg pian ltetlIr- mIlll et , iine:'l ulp i aid l,.taritel ly thell ir lic s- r1:1 l. iig n url ii of ithe ildiepartit of In.- i .Fi hr l.fore the signing of the nrlnis- itNlN rice. ilntl. S A cl,,ed shop. with a 4t-htuir tvork- \'ivt ilg week .ili1 \\:l:t'" increases totaling ilnw :fill 5A. ;i .\'1 k, :rilald graitell to e plll yelt'5 . of the Gitl Metal rllrUilnet. clrr iir- Itlyih tih e 'f EIr,,ht., N. Y., is an award ,, 1' .1 b ttie 'tar laole r lho:rl. The closed- lahor ii: [ii :sin i: l ,rinciple, i s iis s 1eilied l h 'tu i liuthi It is 1 id uint w.'li oljliwl rlilg iiruilr' :t tl lti't - oif th' }, silqy a'i.reelltlent pr-ior ti he entrye f of $1.2 a . Ar : eric: irnto the wari'. .A iIge st':ili I ,err. ll' of 5-.751 ai tie l:tlse eight -l0 our lay w 'ork I we wetr int:ilii tol olliers of E.lizaheth Wi a i ,i city. N. J. Over i The st rikitn. E- ,nclish cotton ope'rai- litr se; Y tiive's 'held 1 a 1i;ss nmeetin'iig aind dli- I.lill • i eiled to rieturln to work tt once(. Ti'he The te ltrative lt tlieilepte, the terms of ain inl'esi: of agre-in.lnt by which they will relto iv New y ura ini'r'is' of litout 30 per cent In Vli wa e Tll" lir , (1. 'll 11 T' wo tlhoftsinfld new worknttn'. hltlmeS lritish his I. thi o lihe built in iirtlind, i r Ore. The li- Fier ftctoi's in l nlnniirr I'iVr tow are Tiui ne ,illtitl'aturinlg inlldiing twitne' froml for til 1 Pi j'l'er. A hIa To release men for other woirk. Ihg over n arI 'Isinidi ship yards nlow e'iiploy womien lnild t of thliufft ri. The of .In tVen et'tge' in munlition work oIre i l tnhrof ugiouti the countries at wair nuli- liteltlt nd it r 1t,3.1'.10 . itien. ret- The world's richest iron mine, in Thell the .:ipl:lin, hlis been equitpped with e vie- orlini has triial ma:chinery. 'ite' ft the Vmel lre e now eligiblet to membelr- inery it shilj in the i(anailian Railviway Mail .l, tr . Clerks' assoelin titn. Itritlni es. iA Shiretfi'hl (Englandtl) hairdress.er thie pil to liWho voliunteeredt for ltmutnition work woirk in one week of 53 hours earned over A s k of $35. Irish Sto A chimney sweep told the Seven abund the iOaks (Engtlind) tribunal that his alver- sitlnt are age.earntiilgs were $30 a week. and he t's i t,. nlde.t little profit on soot. Illinot Lions Modern miethods of amining and terhlo tile- smelting have made it profitable to a fedl run- reopen a nickel mine in Norway that Sec else ' is rbandoned half a century ago. to it otghi More than 'ine-half the national for- given il ests in the Oregon-Washington dis- the the trict have made use of the servtes of ary and women as lookouts, patrols and ie ters. In nursery work. strike it in Ten thousand girl servants at Stutt- with ithan gart, the capital of Wurttemberg, were Liebl wth mobilized recently to help unload rail- hack' ept road freight cars. Each has to give ers t tn i one day or two half-days a week to Ease each this work. They are paid men's wages. mIne ich Half fare street car tickets for by t ome. working people during certain hours Mon d of of the day must be Issued by the E ction Dubuque Electric company, Judge pack enul Reed ruled In federal court. The com- of ough pany. a Delaware corporation, at- sali leaive tempted to abolish the half fare. ing trnl After three hours' debate the tri g the -,Youngstown (0.) railway union rati- thot fldl a new wage agreement with ther rded tahoninrg-Shenango Light and Power The i company. The men will receive from ofic sgen f43 to 48 cents an hour. During the T I flt ratification meeting all cars were mo- anI to it tonless but the strike was called off bri ve and schedule resumed. toge e *in Representatives of the French Gen- nect vane eral Federation of Labor presented to the out. President Wilson when he landed at ant it is Brest an address declaring that the nti workers of France welcomed him joy- mit nstant fully. The address said that the pres- ee ay re- ident's proclamation of his 14 peace 1 !I on- points was an epoch in the history me e itn- of the world. "shedding light in a roa nestlng night of blood." the SThe Toronto (Canada) police were an o at talled out on strike following an all- me Sfact. night mreeting. They demand the re- r travel Instatement of union officials, all but aill r one of whom were dismissed,l and ree- nu ,wl ex- ognition of their union. Mayor Church qu t that objected to the dismissal of the offi- ed nlht dais without avail. A mass meeting we t owls. followed, at which the men voted to go by y and on strike. 31 re hnd The striking motormen and conduc e"owl tors of the Cleveland Railway com pany voted to accept the proposition N of President Stanley of the company in Sis due that he would dismiss 150 woman con- sc ow that ductors by March 1. The men re e under sumed work. The women have been of Slapse. employed since RSe'tember 1. se millar The largest single call for labor re- Tl a .for ceived at the headquarters of the th *are the United States employment service at to I in the New York since the armistice was t aed by signed came from the Pennsylvania si urt and Railroad company, which asked for 11 8..510 men. More than half of the g - I total are wantedl for skilled work. ti with an Members of the Montreol Police and ' Firemen's union Issuled an ultimatum t" ase ontd to the city that their strike would bhe p ~r nd resumed unless three officials, whom a of this they object to, were dismissed. They ii r cent left the force. efrom a Six hundred ship workers at the a ne beenof south plant of the Baltimore Drydocks ti man- and Shiphbuilding company quit work is man- because, they say. their waues have rgema- been reduced. The men who left the isa port-was yards are nmostly machinlsts, riveters iln wa snad bolters, sad though the work In a the yards i still progresslag, the cor gtructios, of ships as the ways is us- 1 da.w hsnsera TRADE UNIONISM IN SWEDEN I Increase of Membership During the Last Five Years Has Been Re markable, Says Report. In inl :rt' lI in , : Ii kr:t .'in I re\ I.\ of 1 ,.!h , !1" u : C O-:1i t f 1 t, i ''i' '': I ' . , II tilt,'] r" t l .1':I,' I ni,-'' , I = I , , t H 1 O , t, i r, I Officials i ,,, t i1, r gether I I . : .' i t' I. .I : i ..1 , , .. . "'u,, - I 4 I ll, lle]' t , , ' ' ,,,' 1,,, GENERAL LAEOR NEWS Fortl- IX of I lit f. i e 1.:11 t".. i., 4i to,. "'1i, : Its \ , '\ } . " it.': I r : 1';1il 111 1 t, r1 iL - t , 1. 1 :11t I. uI1 .it. l air1iv liI i, mi4:44 . -.r' i ., . tire -, -, I I. - \i"ivis of m te:n i. mil r N . :1' i t r-k t1 :\W nllllittedt1 in !!le kt City I. 'tt lhi ltllth ( :En hlan l' Solblihr: :Ial gil- lni nt. Sior' 1f.d 'r:til n h1 :l ref iu , i lto ji ili l hilth r Il'rty. and : i ll It is. lirolpi " ".t to inler,,: , the ::',"'` r" ew^ o,,f thlf Iil: l," T 1 t n l :'nX ii I" Ii'"' city t I iIt'rrv (lr,,linCl) wo :rer- rtl'arn1 ,r thit w 14' k p1 l ntin 1 h4 tl t' I Iin" of tlhiii, el h Vilage qiluqtion. hhl,,r Of ver 1.t44 girls arl em ly.d in th, tir,, It. - hi t' seapllinl' f:lt -r" ait th l:a '4 m i," I .sltil n iav'y yard. ht.... . ' 'hiE 1\\:r tlh11lr h r Is to Cill an :1,ill : invI 'tir liol hn\io l into) trl 't on l"lrhh'tlnis in ml ak. Nw York city. ,th.u1r ve pir work ii- arls about In pl'r stiar. cenlit of t11, laihr :iiid ma,-hinery of llritish shipyardl. HAVI The'll Augusta ((.) llillhl,'r' n-' o eitllt Ii:n h reogelnizl,dl trade nill iloniSu Gen Sfor the first tie in its history. den A large inulher oif Irishl carptli.nt'rs over military ;g:e havle gone 1,1 Enlig hInnd to work on governil, t blhldin-. It Tile SAntttish institute of pellolunt- tlol i Ik nts has decided to ,lt llidit wom(en to hih " lnilersh-ip on the sauite terms as lit tie! men. W}" In The h:Iissaehhsetts dnininlm w\ag' hunli 'e lrnnl4 1ionl hIll 't lih1 :1 mil I11111111t .rs I raitn for womenl eniployed in rtal, ! n:il- Theyn r linery workshops. patio Ail .t- iro tlrt e tntlrllaetors froml.l (1 ieat lunit Britain aire al t pr're'se t in i1t4ll in for 4t-i'1 .r the purpose of employing nlen fur their all it rk work in Englinnd. and :er A new find ot coal se'is 1 in thi' Al' Irish Midliands promises to" give all mul' en abundant yiell antl relieve thie 'coal sure er- s1ituation in Ireland. tinme,t he t'nskilled workers employed in the e't4'lll Illinois Central railway shops at 1'a- sibile nl terloo. Iowa, are being organizeId into tries to a federal labor union. cour iat Secretary Dainiels asked con'tess the to make permanent the diouble-pay wort or- given the eniistetd mien of the navy at gro; Sthe beginning of tthe war as a tempo- P of rary ntlllsure. tad Ilebkneeblt's appeal for a general E strike is meeting with more respon. Itt- with many strikes in big factorieA mer Liebknecht himself, entering buildinl i alI- hacked by force. has pers uan4i4l work tive era to quit. The coal mine strike at to Essen has taken a seriolus turn, the Sminers trying to enforce their demand for by threats to destroy thie mines on mrs Monday. the Every employee of Morris & Co., dge packers, was given a ChrIstmas bonus om- of 10 per cent of the amount of their at- salary for the six months period end- I ing November. The total amount di. the tributed aggregate. several hundred at- thousand dollars, H. A. Timmins, .se the retary and assistant treasurer, said. wer The bonus brought a smile from the rom offiee boy up. the The National Alliance of Employers mo- and Employed, whose object it is to Soff bring British employers and workersi together in harmonious co-operation, Gen- recently held successntil meetings In d to the Midlandse of delegates from tradest 't at and labor counells. As the r'sult of the activities of the alliance, a joint com joy- mittee of employers and employed has pres- been formed at Livterpool. ~ae The house bill providing for the pay story ment by the governlnent of the raiLl I a road fare of war woirkers returnlnrg to I Stheir homes was passed by the senate i t were and now ,goes conferneet. The 01 a all- measure applies only to workers re e re- reivini not more than $1.400 ahnu- 1 Sbut ially, and to encouralge reduction 1id the 4 See- number of government emplltye4's as a hureb quickly as possiltle the senate itmend- e pofi- ed the bill so that It will aiply to Ii et-ng workers whos services will tarniinate' to go by next Janualry 1. Instead tof March t 31. as provided in the house drliaft. aduc- The board f director of o the 'ana- t com- dian railway has ordered thel Great a sitoa Northiwestern Telegraph company to t pany include chiefs ann! linenien in its new ' a con- schedule, thus avoiding a strike. ia re The strike of policnaln. firtemlen and been other city employees Mf Montreal was settlid and the men teturned to work. w or re- The strikers algreed to arbltrale after Sthe the city council ha d voted to accede le at to their demand fr th' dinsmi nal of aewas the director of phlile safety, his a .vaia sitant and the chief of det'etlwvs.. I for While the strike "asted only :::t hoursi o the gangs of hoodluts caused dam ulnge es rk. timt aed at more than S'a.(.00. e and The strike in Terlin has re'lached ,se Imatm rious proportions, aecording to a dlis uld be patch received at London from Am whomI sterdam. Only two new:.paipers are he I.They ing published u nd these are "mall leaf lets. It is sal'1 that ,tA)000 workenltu at the are out. rdocka Demanding an increase in wages ttwork from ST7 to $1.25 an hour-union | have plumbers and steamfitters. employed. left the at governmant nitrate Llant No. 2. at, he cS- that they will be jolmei by the car / et metal wokura TOWN " CO-OPERATE T3 F HCi i- !rE Officials and Citizns .; W--V To. gether to Rd:._ ,.` ' ot.l. ' L : '- y Cat, d by C.I;; S"11 11 -h' .-'e. II I "I ',"-. ,l il 1 1a1. , 4.1,1111 1.a I i i ' l IIi eity , r :1 ,", I n :. 1 I' - ',1 n ,hx, l l r . 1' , ,h l l 1 : ; I , . , :lr , er t .e ri- t ' I 1 ll"" . rKt i: . ill 1h1. ire r- a n- , Ti \n iKt , it' whl i to z:.t Im 'Ir i' t! nIrI n r I is to 6ee1 I own 1, .-. Vt. i r. h I ll ini ,tr "tI i " that it 'l i o: i - ulu ll i , or her ll :Irt to) 1 : " thl, irt-oh jI \,' - .'t" 1 ,f h ll(, t 1i y I . Th , r1 ul' ,11 in l l, e ~lr, i'.. - lllo:l llh'olly r star. HAVE MORE THAN CASH VALUE General Cultivation of Back-Yard Gar dens Means Improvement in the Health of a Communi~y. tinh It, blit donit n ici your girilden this year,-. Sl1 if iyo 1'. 't pr\- e peac1 o lbetter thinm :sr, ev n in the bacik yard. hunidrllrd Illion doli;i s in their i nak l rs Last yinr. in ash lavi'id alone. They nirw' worth Iyet ioiire ito the nation. fCr the food titus rased iat it line rei-l ea r:ilrIo:I euitpment for 'r o thtnir te. T e we\, worti monst of itr all in health, 'dul':1ion, lu-tter habits and salter grasp of life. hie All these items will he iiiworth just an Sl much this year as Iast. Food pJr.is are itl sure to ri-anin high for i iin i drablhe tilme. RItilroad equip.nal t will lie h etty nnlii liou If we rl enise v rly p "' siblle hit tof it for hrvie to the lndt 11 0 tries which must have it. And course there is no neiedil to enlairge u tS the perennial tlnetits of hliealt fl 'a work, or the superior taste of ih me att grown vegetables. o- Plan your peace garden now SEFFECTIVE "CAMOU LAGE" Irk ill- -w! w i . kr e ns i nUnsightly Waull Adjoining 1lre I t o pperty, Bleautified by a itrllis c~mht corn Vineos and Shrubs papay Destruction of Rats in CltIeh. a-l i The routilng of rats frit ilesh ng to become both an econailitit and a ilt rinte which Fto cn tlive h i. Tehe of an epidemic ofd ounlit' or p Swork. re mlc plae pandio the no hruttl aft nr pindu ltcurits necsstntrl y SI riIb tl th otbro n ht inke ti the part of /sdiiOm I aP any it tour protect Itself ftrim mend- calamlth It is n(it for the Inofi'Xil I E to UrEhldCt "r cItIzrn to n lilnat whether ho will Interest hlm'Wnf rch thetiheet. It i a matter fr n ll al iegslation , and It Is the duty Pro the ctizac r tn upleth t the orllnan Cl1 res and to coboperite wIth the anthiil ny to t on the be t h ie a ohll"y In oi, - -i Snew the cIlty may e a clean and safe i n which to live. th wor. Fire pre.ntIn is the next formw aal fter w uhle thrift this ouwntrry ust h iVe lach ' Oue u jet.rin t SIles a nmattr oirt ,-ha . ', p l I word that in the dlul pre.r y "-trii-. th an oeur tol i tha th at o rn hours, more tthn ordr ttms tige es -Ibwton Ilerlle. bI wa- Where Humarn Lag Am- fguk. F re areuior e of nhie a 'r~ar ' liheurc in thi hountr y mus t ,,.e nrlkmr than ifx more tha r of gln Anil wei (Wlrentific buarlslarlin a -Alol Somedry wln ti ia lealn how. I aA-l d head peoplre. heoy haeil eOtri he car- car in the t |ilrt 9 oi-lth teii o- ren.n lle-