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TO THE INTERESTS OF THE LOWER OAST: AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, FISHERIES AND COMMERCE. POINTE-AA-ACHE. LA., SATURDAY, JANUARY 2, 1909. NUMBER 1 o im agents, at of the y regard. in inducing s and plan and bills in ommittee is planters: ,John Sen odge, John ha Glassell, quiet, J. P. obin Doug Roy Kirby and Isecommittee will lse with the agents em cease their operations friendly methods, but if this i is 1not promptly accepted there t to be serious trouble, for the and business men are thor y arouEed and are determined ;North Louisiana of the solfci ho :are demoralizing the ne it is estimated that 50 per cent plantatlon hands have been way from that section. The bave used wagons in some in to move whold families to ad stations at night, per the negroes to take their etec.0 and whatever else i*y\hamds op. Most of the ,been'tor Arkansas and Ok e negroes have had 'Pc 6p a land of sunshine and a tlere are no boll wee veOWS, and in some cases 1 said to' have frighten telling them tley will be .1eit year as it in iav other alarming intoro, rn at the igeeting. W.it were quietly .no Shreveport, not nuest t,.,~ii~ ath. u would 't you do in the leg? is what Wal sent up from to Norbert Ner parish, as he came er after he had shot use for the third time ad been captured in As arish and was being taken state penitentiary by Deputy Nereaux. The officer had Just en off the Texas & Pacific train the west side and was taking the prisoner to the ferryboat to take him to the state prison when Huse at tempted to escape. The officer called e to the convict to stop, but his only re im- sponse.was an increase of speed. The ts, officer fired, shooting the prisoner in the the leg. Then when the deputy sher ird 1ff came up to him the prisoner up ing braided him for not killing him and an said that he ran so he Would be killed. in Huse was taken to the penitentiary SI and will recover without the loss of rs, his leg. He was sentenced to twenty en- years for manslaughter from Acadia pn yarish. He escaped in 1901, but was ell, recaptured, and escaped again in 1905. ug- Normalites Graduate Next Month. md On January 15 the Louisiana State wI Normal school will graduate the fol nts lowing teachers: Misý Mary Debrit s tin, of East Baton Rouge; Miss Ruby his Chaney, of East Feliciana; Miss Aline er Collier, of Claiborne; Miss Hattie De the zendorf, of Natchitoches; Miss Ella ior- Fargeson, of De Soto; Miss Nollie Jar aed rett, of Iberville; Miss May Grayson, i of Franklin; Leonde Gremillion, of I Avoyelles'; Miss Kate Groesbeck, of enMt exico; Miss Laura Martin, of St. een Landry; Miss Carrie McMichael, of De rhe Soto; Miss Yolande McClanson, of n- Iberia: Miss Sadie Miller, of Ouacbi ta; Miss Ruth Mosely, of Lincoln; er Misi Lee Proser, of Rapides; Miss meir Maude Swords, of Natchitoches; Miss IsEu la Taylor, of Iberia; Miss Norma the Touchstone, of Union; Miss Lacie k- Dindsor, of Arcadia. A large number of new students will arrive January nd 18 to begin their training to become ee teichers. The various improvements on Normal Hill have added greatly to en- the comfort and happiness of the stu dents. There is ample room for all. g Two HT pdded Lots Are Sold. no- 'hough there was a driazling rain not falling ost 'of the day the lot sale m was feld according to the advertised itl schedule. There was a large crowd led on the grounds and the bidding was est lively an most of the.lots. Nearly two hundreA lots were sold, ranging in psige from $;5 to $165, according to e locatbon.. A number of the pur -ers will begin the erection of dlngsa, Qa their lots at once, and 11 be; only a matter of a month o until a good-sized town has .g up in the prairie. ises Are Set for Trial. following prisoners, confined pufr15h jail at Alexandria, were ed- 'Monday in the District l R d:ved and t guilty and their a det at fo01ows. W. H. Nix, lar M.;A. M. McDonald, breaking car; *H Washington, larceny; Mayo ~rt, larceny, set for January 4; ;;Richardson, embezzlement; Jim Srobbery; Nathan Finley, mur eilr:zenry Robinson, murder, set for a ty 5: Morris Wil!iams, burglary; 1ak Doran, murder; Louis Frederic, 00e1otli Into dwelling; G. W. Barres, es~minal assault, set for January 7. Law and Order Lage. A law and order league has been rgrt *4 at Ville Platte with special efnce to the anti-gambling and 'ob ition Ias It is the desire of ha commu tyto see that no blind tlgers are permitted and that no garitbling houses of any kind are al 'lowed to carry on their business. QWIth this end in view resolutions passed calling on the officials, local and parochial, to see to ft Jaws be strictly enforced re qf tJe parties infringing on Prisoners Break Jail. thioners all negroes, made )aqpe from the parish jail at e' One fugitive, after lol tWf town for several hburs, to The ail. The prisoners :oit were from iPoainte Cou :and were sent there for pag while the Pointe Coupee :'trepaired. Three df:them characters and were nuirtder and other serious i, Be Established. ijizqi i of Covington, will p era dairy near to be ship ie transpor q$ the New *I4he best, it is I there foar , 0tbl d M:II. I.. ~ j4E~,, U~,JdQrltTIXn k--iL NO RIVER AND HARBOR BILL Constantly Growing Deficit in Treas ury Forbids Measure. Washington.-The qiPstion whether there will be a rivers and harbors bill during the present session of congress is becoming a matter of much concern to many members of both houses. The conunittees having charge of the question find themselves confronted by a constantly growing decicit in the treas ury, with the accoppanying complaint that it is going to be impossible to find money enough to go around, without trenching too deeply upon the reserves, with the result that they find it quite impossible to give any satisfactory as surances to colleagues who, like them selves, want legislation. GIVE FEDERAL COURT POWER Congress May Overcome Supreme Court's Decision. Washington.- Immediately after the holiday recess of Congress there will be introduced in both houses an identical bill designed to give the Federal authori ties power to investigate the affairs of interstate corporations. It will be de signed to overcome the present decision of the Supreme Court in the Harriman case. The Interstate Commerce Commission asked Mr. Harriman a series of ques tions which he and his associates found embarassing. They declined to answer, and on their refusal appeal was taken to the Supreme Court. That tribunal de cided that Mr. Harriman need not an swer. A member of the Interstate Commerce Commission is puthority for the state ment that if this decision shall stand, the comission is practically shorn of its powers to inquire into the very ques tions that are made subject to its juris diction. SET NEW STANDARD. New York Made Redrd by Assisting 100,000 Persons. New York. -This city celebrated Christmas bt 1908 in a way that not only lived up to the best of its tradi tions, but set a new standard. Favored with the abundance which the year had brought forth, the rich, well-to-do and the moderately circumstanced placed at the disposal of the active workers in philanthropy ample funds with which to go about the work 6f making the day one long to be remembered. The unfor tunates in the jails, the ill in the hospi tals, the poor in their homes and the destitute and helpless in institutions all were remembered. That not far from 100,000 persons were assisted by means of donations of dinners and the like, is conservatively estimated. There was no institution in the city that did not have its Christmas celebra tion. DUEL IN DARK *:TH"KNIVES Girl Over Whom PFlght Is Waged , Was Present in the Boom. Cleveland.-After Julia Pierce, aged 14, had refused both, Powell Formich and Michael Milanoviteh repaired to the kitchen of the girl's home, where they boarded, and after drawing all the blinds and making the room dark, fought |Vtt^ - dea.th with ki.ves. Before fight the men spread'sblakt :oie : o, then each grasping a; hand of the 'oher, the battle was fought for twenty. mipuie s^ til Formish, covered ·withk.. dro.iped The gid attempted to i. e the 4eo und was badly b Milanovte& I arreste( and ' tei ta hospitajl"- - hrotibl merd t . te ee , bcame. n ra1l j; 'stietFat ;tia '' * * i.b: r TRUST WILL uCROSS OCEAN 'Large Factorio lanlted for France mrany. Paris.-3Mllwn's pf dollars will be di verted yearly from the export trade of the 'hited States by the forced action of the International Harvester Company, the so.allcd "reaper trust," in establish ing large factories in France and Ger many, owing to thS blindness of Amer ican statesmen to the necessity of proper reciprocity and commerce treaties to pro tect American manufacturers. Competition by the foreign trade and the activity of other nations in conclud ing arrangements for such treaties that would hurt its business, demanded quick action to protect the increasing of over 80,000 large agricultural machines now sold yearly in France and Germany by the American trust alone. The French factory will be located at Croix, near Lille, and will be in operation within a year, starting with 1,500 work men. The German factory will be built at Neuss, near Cologne, and will employ 2,000 workmen. These companies are in corporated in France and Germany by the same stockhoiders who control the reaper trust, and will 'irply the trade of the entire continent. WOMAN KILLED IN ELEVATOR Was Under Influence of Anaesthetic at the Time. Racine, Wis.-Miss Mary Hardy, aged 47, was killed Friday in an elevator acci dent in St. Mary's Hospital. An anes thetic had been administered, and she had been placed on an operating table and taken to the elevator to be trans ported to the operating room for an oper ation. A sudden drop of the elevator caused her body to fall to the platform. Sister Verenada, a nurse, in charge of the elevator, only recently came to the hospital, and it is said she was not fa miliar with the elevator's method of op eration. Seizing the cable operating the elevator, she caused it to shoot upwards. OIL COMPANIES ARE OUSTED Fired and Fined by the Supreme Court of Nissouri Jefferson City, Mo.-Declaring that the Standard Oil Company of Indiana, the Republic Oil Company of Ohio and the Waters-Pierce Oil Company of Mis soifri had conspired and combined to monopolize the oil business in the State, the Supreme Court of Missouri Wednes day issued a decree oustirig all three from the commonwealth and fined them $50,000 each. The decree against the Waters-Pierce Company is tempered by the proviso that it may continue business if, by March 1, 1909, it can show to the court that it has taken steps to operate as an inde pendent concern and has satisffied the judgment against it. The other com panies are given until March 1, 1909, to wind up their affairs in the State. Bar Liquor in Christening Warship. Newport News, Va.-If the plans of the' Women's Christian Temperance Union of Delaware are buccessful, the giant 20,000-ton battleship Delaware, which will be launched here on February 5, will be christened with water. '. The battleship Kentucky, the only ves sel of her class ever christened with -water, had hundreds of bottles of whis sey broken against her hull by Ken. tuekians when she went down the ways. Troops Guard Kentacky T<wB. Lexiigton, Tenn.-State troopsl and United States marshals are guarding the little mining town of Stearns, Whiteley county, Ky,, to prevent, miners destroy ing lives and property, burning up the town, as they have threatened. T rTURE, THEN ROB 'FARMEEL Birglarts Bu Feet oif Toledo Man, Thenl Gag Him. Toledo, 0.-By buring his feet with lighted matches, tw' maskled robbers early Friday' eHipIled H. A. elSchabow of urtis, 0, nea, ere,,to/ open -he safe in his farm shIoseand turn over $;0oi After vtyi lir victm to 3hi 'l 4wth stripi ok a :4 n « plaein AGENT HAS CLOSE CALL. Louisiana Farme r. Unmercifull3 Whip Negro Labor Agent. A. A f/-F. B. Jorlcs, a negrc labor ag rnployed by o.01111 M Gracie, the ' , t planter in this State is in a critical condition here as a result of an attempt made to lynch hini by a mob of white farmers near Gilliam, La The noose had been placed aromil:. Jones' neck and he was being "strung up" on a pole when the pole gave way to his weight and fell, nearly killing ont of the would-be lynchers. .Joines wa' then compelled to lay across a log, where lie was whipped with a "black snake" whip unmercifully. h'e says the farmers took turns at whipping hniu He was beaten into unconsciousness. Finally recovering his senses he crawled to the roadside and was lifted into a passing wagon and carried to the rail road, fifteen miles away. The white farmers of the Cilliam neighborhood became angered at Jones because he was sending farm hands away from that section. MORE TROUBLE WILL COME Ex-Gov. Vardaman Says Result of Fight May Involve Others. Jackson, Miss.-"Personally, I took no other interest in the fight than to wish that any whlite man lightillg a ne gro before a paid audience might get a knockout of suffiicent proportion to cause him to continue on to eternal rest; yet since the negro has won, it means more trouble for their race in every section-the North especially-because they will get 'fresh' toward white peo ple, which means that they will meet their usual fate in such instances." This is the view taken of the victory of Jack Johnson, heavyweight champion, over Tommy Burns by James K. Varda man, former governor of Mississippi, whose views on the race question have been widely quoted. HELL BETTER THAN CHICAGO Methodist Minister of Illinois Me trOpolis Makes the Comparison. Chicago.-Choosing as his text a quo tation from Isaiah, 'Hell hath enlarged itself," and intimating that Chicago is the new annex thereof, the Rev. W. H. Head, pastor of the Union Avenue Meth odist Episcopal Church, proceeded to discuss the topic, "Is Hell Worse Than Chicago?" "In some respects, hell is no worse than Chicago," said the clergyman. "'lell has no innocent or temptations to the innocent. In Chicago, 5,000 innocent girls must be sacrificed annually. Chi cago supports the First ward ball, which is a second edition of Sodom and Go morrah. Fifty saloons open their hun gry, cavernous maws for the workers in our stock yards." UNIFORM STANDARD SOUGHT Proposed Standardization of Various Grades of Cotton. Washington.-Definite steps toward the establishment of a standard for the different grades of cotton shortly will be undertaken in this city by a com mittee of the leading cotton men of this country and Europe, in co-operation with the experts of the bureau of plant in dustry of the department of agriculture. The meeting probably will be in Janu ary. Secretary of Agriculture Wilson is now engaged in selecting the committee of cotton experts. The proposed standardization of the various grades of cotton has been under taken in connection with a provision of the last agricultural appropriation act. At tihe present time there is a great diversity in the method and practice of grading cotton, as no definite standard exists. Each.particular market modifies the standard to meet its own ideas. BEGIN EVACUATION OF CUBA Uncle Bam to Get Out the First of the New Year. Havana.-New Year's Day will wit -ness the beginning of the evacuation of Cuba by the army of pacification, which has been in possession-of the island since the beginning of the provisional govern ment in October, 1906. The first pro visional regiment of marines, numbering about 900, which will be among the first troops to leave, are now concentrating from various posts at Camp Columbia. About half this regiment will sail from Havana on January 1 on the cruiser Prairie, which arrived here Christmas eve, bound for Newport. News. The Prairie will return about the middle of the mon lr and embark the remainder. Only two companies of en gineers and two battalions of the Sev enteenth infantry, under Col. Pitcher, -wii remain at Camp Columbia. These troops ¶ill niot embark until April 1, whi~Jbfln complete the evacuation. OWICS ARE GOING UP. Prediction Broom Corn Will Go to S '4ta a Ton. Chicago.-H~E e 4a bad news for house keepers. A boost in the price of brooms is scheduled for the new yqar. The price of b is to be raised fifty ents a dot ,td other ad. vac Uea4 will t .4 w A A'ear ago broom lrn sold a1 1QOO ton. Niow it is worth $1 wt dication of an ad S 1 r8 predict the price | ^to'.Iw~beJw ¾~~~~. ·t1adObOOb Womi i' In r PAIR PIONEERS IN THE NAVIGA. TION OF AIRSHIPS. New Sport Is Enlisting Increasing In terest and Efforts of "Weaker Sex" Even in America. If there has been any doubt as to Woman's love of daring it is fast being dispelled by the enthusiasm with which she is entering the field of aerial navigation. Swimming, boating, automobiling, all these have become tame in the es teem of the modern daughter of Eve, who is never so happy as when she is defying the laws of safety. The transit of the air, a new science, a new sensation, gives her just the joy she needs, and the thrill of dang ling from the swaying wicker basket at the end of a huge gas bag is the last word in enjoyment. In fact, the fair aeronaut has not stopped at ballooning. She has even advanced a stop fur the I in her enjoyment of man's new est means of transit. She has even essayed the aeroplane, on which experts are now working in hope of producing a practical means by which mankind and womankind may emulate the flight of the birds, and give the final laugh to gravity. Only a few days ago Mme. Therese Pelltier, a young sculptress of merit, gained herself the distinction of be ing the first woman to master the aeroplane. Mrs. Henry Farman, wife of the dis tinguished French navigator, who re cently, accompanied by his spouse, spent some time in this country, is a woman who has figured in a number of noted flights. In a number of cities clubs of wom en aeronauts are being forfied, and the ambition of all their members is to go one step further In daring than the sister members. Among the first American women who were permitted to go up as guests of the aero club were Mrs. Newbold Edgar and Mrs. Courtland Bishop. Without showing the least sign of concern they went up in the air, far above Paris, and reveled in the joys of that which is said to outclass every form of riding for luxurious comfort. Both became so enthusiastic that on their return to the United States they Imnhediatef6 took the place of women pioneers of the sport in Uncle Sam's r;ealm. Courtland Bishop resides near Pittsfield, Mass. Mrs. Bishop per suaded him to take an interest in the BACK TO AMERICA M'MONNIES, THE SCULPTOR, SAYS HE IS GOING TO RETURN. Wants to Again Find a Home on His Native Soil-Hopes to See World's Fair Fountain Perpetuated in Bronze. MacMonnies is coming back to America. After receiving honors from France rarely before bestowed upon an American artist; after having been Frederic MacMonnies. decorated by the French government and made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor; after having passed 25 of his 45 years in France, winnink honors in competition with Europe's greatest artists, Frederic MacMonnies, who, since the death of St. Gaudens, will take rank as America's most famous sculptor, has determined to forsake Europe, convinced that the best place for an American artist to live is in America. Of all the Americans who have gone to France, to study art and have re mained because, as they say, "in France alone can one find proper at mosphere," Mr. MacMonnies has en tered tie inner circle of them all; he has been received by the French on terms most nearly approaching frater nal equality and for Mr. MacMonnies to say that Aica has an atmosphere for art 4s ini sg as-more inspiring to an Amer cl#ý-the atmosphere :" Aurop seemi'o settle the oft-mooted quest'on, partkiularly when. he sup ports his decision by a determination to Citurn home.' It will make a. great stir among artists, this decision of his, I andkte American colony In Paris, will f ubble. a aheasure the ervof of Mr. new sport, and as a result Pittsfield has h, come. a sort of a center for American ballooning, and Mrs. Bishop and Mrs. Edgar have now made so many ascents that they are veterans and no longer can take fright, no mat ter how much a balloon may tilt. Mrs. James Brown Potter, the fa mous actress; Mrs. James Brown Lord, Miss Ada de Acosta and Mrs. P. Loril lard Ronalds are other American wom en who learned the joys of ballooning as guests of Frenchmen. Mrs. Newbold Edgar claims the rec ord. In a ballooning sense she says she hhs been up in the air more times than any American woman, but it Is said that she will have some trouble In showing more ascents than have Mme. Durcouf and M1M Gache, first Women Ever to ajake Ascents Without a Pilot., been marked up to the c,i '"r. Julian P. Thomas. But the French woman is not con. tent now merely to go along as the guest of some member of the club, or to make an ascent, with the balloon under control of some professional pilot. Now the great ambition of the gen* tler sex is to operate the balloon them selves. Mme. Durcouf and Mile. Gache were the first women to succeed in actually making such a trip. It was with deep trepidation, and not until after the operation of the balloon was demonstrated to them many times, that they were-allowed to rise above an awe stricken crowd in Paris and start a journey that lasted four hours. It was too uneveitful.a trip;,:tlhert _ frail aeronauts said, to merit any spe cial mention. They got up all right, the balloon acted properly, the winds were gallantly kind, and they made a flawless descent. MacMonnies' patriotic enthusiasm one must know his commanding ambition; the hope that lies closest to his heart and torments his waking and sleeping, hours with the fear that it may never be realized. But those who are close to him say that it will be realized, and, it may be, soon. Mr. MacMonnies lives in the hope that some day in America -in New York, perhaps, or in Wash ington-the great fountain that was the crowning glory:, of the, Chleagp World's Fair will be seen again in en. during marble and bronze. The Aier clan sculptor wishes his great work to be in America, his gift to the land of his birth. Of this fountain St. Gaudens paid: "It is the finest fountain I have ever seen." There can be no hibher praise than that. No one who:was at the most memorable of world's fairs will ever forget it. There had been world's fairs before and there have leen.' world's fairs since; other fairs and"' other fountains, many of them,; but the memory of that one fountain en dures. The Barge of State, with -the Genius of Discovery, perched aloft, di recting'the rowers-Agricilture, Conf merce, Industry, Science, Architecture., Music, Painting and Sculpture-to the shores of Destiny, while the great sea horses, mounted by riders, pull their' barge along, made the one prcture of the Dream City that will never d from the memories of those tha be held it. When the Dream CtUrJ stroyeI &. with it, i ' 't 'i,' £ Mr. Ma" '' : 21 cheriph dream ai,; , els. 1 now in the atelier at Glverny. siderable cost he has preserv and friends say, now that he'si back to this country, the hope has cherished will be fulfilled; bition realised. "I do not know what form It.i take, this idea that they say is ing into movement," said the sulp "perhaps an appropriation by sol city-New York, perhaps-or by national government for Washingiton perhaps a public subscription, I thhik( I should like that form. Surely, too, here is an opportunity for some great patron of the aiSt ; link his name with Fame, for Mr. UMa Monnies' fountain is not an expert ment or a thing to be done that nmai or may not please, but a work of art that has gained not- only the higheat praiso of the greatest critics, but rare combination-has won the undis senting approval of the people, The Rivals. Ricbfello-What a perfect complex4 ion Miss Beauty has? Rival Belle-Yes. By the way, ish is with her brother to-night. yo. know him? He's a very p porter of drugs, chemi artclesr-New jrk .W