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The Lower Coast Gazee.
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF THE LOWER COAST : AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, FISHERIES ANDICOMMERCE. VOLUME I. POINTE-A-LA-HACHE, LA., SATURDAY, MAY 8, 1909. NUMBER 19. ENEMIES OF WAR HOLD A CONGRESS SECOND NATIONAL PEACE CON FERENCE IN CHICAGO. EMINENT MEN ARE PRESENT Statesmen, Diplomats and Political Economists Assemble and Discuss the Final Elimination of Armed Conflicts. Chicago.-The sessions of the sec ond National Peace Congress, which opened in Orchestra hall Monday aft ernoon, attracted to Chicago many thousand earnest enemies of war, among them being many distinguished statesmen, diplomats and political economists. President Taft is the honorary president of the congress, and Secretary of War Jacob M. Dick inson is its active president, but neith er of these gentlemen was able to be present, owing to their official du ties. However, there was no lack of eminent men to preside over the ses sions. As a preliminary to the congress, special peace services were held in many Chicago churches Sunday morn ing, peace meetings arranged by labor and socialist organizations were held in the afternoon, and in the evening there was a big mass meeting, at which addresses were delivered by Rev. Jenkin Lloyd Jones and Rev. Emil G. Hirsch, both of Chicago, and President Jacob Gould Schurman of Cornell university. Welcome to the Congress. Orchestra hall was filled to the limit Monday when the first session was called to order by Robert Treat Paine of Boston, the presiding officer, for governors, mayors and hundreds of clubs had been asked to appoint dele gates, and most of them had re sponded. President Dickison's ad dress, the same he delivered several weeks ago before the Hamilton club, was read, and the congress was then formally welcomed by Gov. Charles S. Deneen for the state, Mayor Fred A. Basse for the city and Rev. A. Eugene Bartlett, chairman of the reception committee. The secretary then read a brief letter from President Taft, in which the chief executive heartily commended the aims of the congress. hl4e A ~ °:-B;" ckstein -et: Boston iextt` was, introduced to the meeting and read a "World Petition to the Third Hague Conference." This was followed by an address by Dr. Benja min F. Trueblood, secretary of the A4erican Peace society, on "The Present Position of the Peace Move ment." What Has Been Accomplished. Dr. Trueblood said in patt: "Let me sketch in the barest out lines what has already bee; accom pished. The interpretation will take care of itself. "I. The men and women, now a freat host, who believe that the day is past when blind brute force should direct the policies of nations and pre side at the settlement of their dif. rerences, are now thoroughly organ ied. A hundred years ago there was uot a society in existence organized to promote appeal to the forum of redalon and right in the adjustment of international controversies. To-day there are more than 500, nearly every - important nation having its Igroup of peace organisations. Their constituents are numbered by tens of thousands, from every rank and class In soclety-philanthrqplsts, men of trade and commerce, educators and jurists, workiLngmen, statesmen, rulers Triumph o~ Arbitration. "II. The position which the peace movement has reached is no less dl.s tinotly eterminaed.,by the practical at tainmehts of arbitration. We are this i b l,(4ele( ing" what.is t eally the Qipa Bhdredth na versary of the birth *our aireiint for Itfo was in 1809 t 95 D$4I .Dodge, a Cairtiaa mer ht 'of New, York city, wrote the atnphlet which: brought the move tan ta~ti belig, and led six years later to the afrga#sati~a in hise parlor itn New York of the drat Peace society atbth 1orld. here bad then been anarbtratmtbas~btwee nations In our alddrn seas of the word 'nations.' In tle 100 y'rs slnce 1809 more than 50 Imprtant controversdes have bes settled by this means, not to anation an ravb greater number of lei important se,. the settlement et whioh involved the prinaolple of ar httratIon. WithIi the past 20 years so ris!"d has beet the tiumph of arbi tiatlos that more than 100 Interns tsial diff~grence have been disposed of by this means, or between five and Wa a year for the whole 20 years. Albitration ais no longer an experi Ment. It i the settled practie of the nations. A score of dispntes to-day go maturally to arbitration where one ,ives rise even to talk of war. -The Hague Conferences. "I. In order to determine fnrther tle advanced positioln which the p... movemedt has attained on its *pslia l side, the two Hagae confer. was sad *hat t`hey. have so. ea~lished mut" be taken into so i Pt, It lsstli the habit of some per am@ to a*hak disparagangly of these qt eatbeulh pirad thef results. I tW·'Eague eobfer-. fcirErris lajb about that state of world organization and co-operation, the result of which will, as is universally conceded, bring the general peace of the world and final relief from the ruinous burdens I of 'bloated armaments,' because it will establish the reign of law among the nations as it now prevails among in dividuals throughout the civilized world? What They Have Done. "The first Hague conference gave us the permanent international court of arbitration, to which 24 powers finally became parties by ratification of the convention. This court has now for eight years been in successful opera tion, and not less than four contro versies have been referred to it dur. a ing the past year. The second Hague 1 conference enlarged and strengthened 0 the convention under which this court e was set up, and made the court the a tribunal, not of 25 powers, but of all a the nations of the world. t "Another step of still greater mo- I ment was taken by the second Hague g conference in the direction of provid- s lng a perfect substitute for force in e the settlement of international differ. v ences. It voted without a dissenting ii aelegatlon for the principle of an in- s with ludges always in service and e ternational court of arbitral justice, ' holding regular sessions. c "The high water mark of the work 7 of the second Hague conference was reached in its action in regard to fu ture meetings of the conference. The principle of periodic meetings of the conference hereafter was approved without a dissenting voice. The date even of the third conference was fixed and the governments urged to appoint at least two years i advance an in- b ternational commission to prepare the i program of the meeting." p ,Dean W. P. Rogers of the Cincinnati 1i Law school brought this session to a s close with an eloquent talk on "The f Dawn of Universal Peace." r Addresses Monday Evening. Monday evening's meeting was de voted to "The drawing together of the Nations," and was presided over by Dr. Hirsch. The addresses were on "Independence Versus Interdepend ence of Nations," by Prof. Paul S. Reinsch of the University of Wiscon sin; "Racial Progress Towards Univer- t sal Peace," by Rev. H. T. Kealing of E Nashville, Tenn.; and "The Biology of 8 War," by President David Starr Jor. C dan of Leland Stanford, Jr., univer sity. At the same time another meet. lng was in session in Music hall, with Miss Jane Addams in the chair. The speakers there were Joseph B. Burtt of Chicago, on "Fraternal Orders and Peace;" Prof. Graham Taylor of Chi 'Cdgo Commons, on "Victims of War and Industry;" Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, on "Organized Labor and Peace," and John Spargo of Yonkers, N. Y., on "International Socialism as a Peace Factor." Commercial and Legal Views. Two big meetings were held Tues day morning, one on commerce and industry, presided over by George E. Roberts, president of the Commerdial National bank of Chicago, and the other on "Women and Peace," with Mrs. Ellen M. Henrotin of Chicago as chairman. The former session was ad. Sdressed by Belton Gilreath of Blrming. ham, Ala., W. A. Mahoney of Colum. I bus, 0., James Arbuckle, consul of : Spain and Colombia, St. Louis, and Marcus M. Marks, president of the Na- I Stional Associlation of Clothiers, New I SYork city. The women heard Interest.* Sing speeches by Mrs. Philip N. Moore, Spresident of the General Federation Sof Women's Clubs; Miss Jane Addams I and Mrs. Lucia Ames Mead of Boston. I "Some Legal Aspects of the Peace F Movement," was the general topic ofi the Orchestta hall meeting Tuesday I Safternoon, and the chairman was Will lam J. Calhoun of Chicago. Prof. Will lam I. Hull of Swarthmore college, dia i cussed the advances registered by the two Hague conferences, and James Brown Scott, solicitor of the state de Spartment, talked about some questions "-which the third Hague conference Iprobably will consider. "Legal Prob i mns Capable of Settlement by Arbi a atiaon," was the subject of a learned 1 pper by Prof. Charles Cheney Hyde i of Chica'go. S Special Collegiate Sesasion. In Mandel hall, at the University of SChicago, a special session was held for universities and colleges, a tea ture of which was an oratorical con test participated in by students. Louis P. Lochner of Madison, Wis., spoke on "The Cosmopolitan Clubs." S The general session of Tuesday evening was perhaps the most inter Seating of the congress. "Next Steps in SPeakemakin'g" was the topic. The audi t ece was aroused to great enthitusiasm by an eloquent and spirted address by (Congressman Richard Bartholdt of Missouri, president of the American Group, Interparliamentary union. An Sother paper that met with deserved applause was that 6f Edwin D. Mead of Boston on "The Arrest in Compet itive Arming in Fidelity to The Hague Movement" The special collegiate session was Scontinued Tuesday evening in Music hall, with President Nollen of Lake Forest university in the chair. Presi. dent S. P. Brooks of Baylor university, Texas, spoke, and a stereopticon lec ture on the "Federation of the World" was given by Hamilton Holt of the Independent. Among the diplomats who came to Chicago to attend the Peace congrees pWere: Ambassador Count Johann L Helarich von Bernatorif of Germany; l ierman de Laerrats, envoy from llteden; Wu TIng Paas, envoy from slChi;n; Alfred Mitchell Inmes, court. Siemlor ot'the British embassy, and Dr. SHalIdan Kpnt, ofi the University of N- orWi~a The Japanese, Turkish and " ?rawh emlantaies also were rnpre LOUISIANA EVENTS Items of Interest Throughout Our Grate, Especially Notes of Edu cational and Industrial Features. One Thousand Teachers Needed. Baton Rouge.-The state school of ficials have issued the State Summer Normal School manual for the State Normals that are to be held at Natch itoches, Ruston and Lafayette May 31 to July 31. In this manual the institute board says: "The demand for teachers has never been greater and never before has the state of fered better rcognition to teachers of training and merit. A good teach er is certain to obtain a position a a good salary; a better teacher ai a better salary. There will be one thousand vacancies to fill the fall of 1909; several principalships in high, grammar and rural consolidated schools, and many positions as teach ers of music, drawing, etc. "The best way to prepare for these positions is to attend one of the summer schools, which are separately design ed for the teachers of Louisiana." The summer schools of 1909 to be conducted at Lafayette, Ruston and Natchitoches, have in common the aim to better prepare teachers to do effective work by increasing their scholarship and their professional equipment. Running Races May Be Adopted. Crowley.-At a meeting of the board of directors of the Acadia Par ish Association members were ap pointed on a committee for the cata I lcgue. The board is considering a i plan to replace the large purses of fered in previous year's for harness races by purses for running races. Heretofore the harness races for high class horses have been a practical walkover for one horse, and they have been uninteresting. It is now pro posed to hold races on the first three days of the fair, open to running horses or ponies of the 'respective wards, the winners from each ward to contest on the last day for a large purse. This plan has met ,with favor f and may be adopted by the directors of the fair. Sugar Planters Enter Protest. N1apoleonville.-A telegram was re 3 ceived here by Senator John Marks from United States Senators McEnery and Foster, asking what, in the opin. Ion of the sugar planters of Louis lana, would be the effect if the dif ferentiation on refined sugar were re f moved. Senator Marks immediately called a meeting of prominent sugar planters of Assumption, and, at the conference held, an earnest protest against the removal of the differen tials was embodied in a telegram and sent to the Louisiana senators. The d planters are of the opinion that the removal of the differentials would re sult in great harm to the sugar in 8 dustry of Louisiana. High School Plans Are Accepted. Breaux Bridge.-The architectural Splans for the new school have been Saccepted and the superintendent of Seducation has advised that bids will - be advertised for as soon as enough vblue prints showing specifications are -secured for prospective bidders, on , a contract for a high school building ato cost about $15,000. The city coun Scil at a special meeting set aside • ground for the erection of the high e school. The selection was a beau 1 tifully located half square of ground V in the heart of town. The parish fair I b~ildings and a residence will be re SImoved to accommodate the new high - school building. SDrainage Plan Is Successful. Baton Rouge.-This week will see Sthe completion of the Whites and e Cypress drainage, which is being built in the northern part of the Sparish. The drainage canal runs a distance of about two miles and a quarter, is 20 feet wide at the bottom and 40 feet wide at the top. The ca nal will drain all of the low country ' in the northern portion of the parish d near Zachary, in the Whites and SCypress bayou. It will render pro Sductive several thousand acres of land which, at the present time, cannot be Scultivated for the want of drainage to carry ofr the water when it rains. Report on Present Crop Condition. Baton Rouge.-The State Board of SAgriculture and Immigration is now receiving the reports from the asses sore of the state on the 1909 crop Sconditions. This report, when it is . published, will deal largely with the d acreage under cultivation and com d parisons with the acreage of last year, t- and as it will be the first report on the 1909 crop, its issuance will be awaited with much interest. The state board of agriculture is having its usual trouble in getting the asses sore to respond promptly and with . accurate data regarding the crop con Sditions. , To Entertain Uncle Sam's Sailors. Baton Rouge.-An executive com mittee from the Board of Trade has been named to begin making arrange 0ments for the entertainment of the olo0lcers and crew of the battleship nMissisalppi, which will be here for '; three days during the middle of May. : Sentenced to Twelve Years. • Napoleonville.-Joseph Simoneaux, _. who pleaded guilty to arson, last I week, was sentenced by Judge Paul d Leche to twelve years in the btate i penitenfSarT. . Boll Weevil In the Race. Baton Rouge.-That the boll weevil in this section of the state will not do serious damage to the early cot r ton is the opinion of William Newell secretary of the State Crop Pest Com mission. After the first of August the weevils are expected to appear in large numbers, and will do un - questioned damage to the crops. "The r past season was favorable in East e Baton Rouge for the hibernation of t the pest," says the secretary, "but 1 y the general rule has been that where t e the weevil has appeard the summer C d previous in a parish that little dam r age is done until late the following summer. Those farmers who have s early maturing cotton and have fol lowed the cultural methods should be able to get 95 per cent of their crop, E so far as the damage from the boll e weevil will affect the yield. But where e f from late planting, poor seed and t' failure to cultivate properly the crop d is slow in maturing, the weevil will i t- do considerable damage. According it to entmologists the pest is expected s to increase in sufficient numbers af r ter August 1 to practically prevent f the making of a crop after that year. t The experiments that are being con- I e ducted at ilanchura show that a d great proportion of the weevil is e surviving the season, 0 ir Will Secure Voters' Signatures. lI Baton Rouge.-A petition is being t circulated at every school house in every ward in East Baton Rouge par ish, asking that the police jury call ,e a special election to vote a tax of -. 3 mills to be devoted exclusively to . the public schools of the parish. So L. far the petitions are meeting with a general support. The parish superin f. tendent sent them out several days s ago to the meml1ers of the parish s. school boards, and also to the teach h ers in the differe4it schools to circu l late them among their patrons. These e petitions asking for the special elec . tions will not be finally disposed of e until the meeting of the school board g in July. The board will take action .e on them, and if a sufficient number of d signatures have been secured and the expressions from the voters in or dicate a strong sentiment in favor of the special tax then the matter will be referred to the police jury with the request that the election be called. e t Sidewalk Building Plan Adopted. . Crowley.-The city council met re cently for the purpose of discussing s the Marks plan of laying concrete f sidewalks in certain residence sec e tions of Crowley by the city, the ex pense to be charged against the prop tr erty owners affected. The plan was te unanimously approved and a resolu st tion adopted urging the city council to adopt it. The Marks ordinance wd vill be introduced at the next meet e ing of the city council. It will pro vide for the construction under direc e- tion of the city, of concrete sidewalks n- on the streets running east and west between the Southern Pacific depot and the courthouse, and from Avenue F., east of Parkerson, to the eastern limits of the town. Cement walks al may be built on the streets running north and south in this district, but this point has not yet been settled. Potato Shipment an Object Lesson. n Baton Rouge.-An object lesson in truck gardening was given when a - car load of Irish potatoes, the first of the season, was shipped from Bat on Rouge by a local broker to Chi cago a few days ago. The car load d contained four hundred bushels of ir potatoes. These potatoes will bring $1.20 a bushel, or a total of $480. The potatoes were raised on six acres of ground by Ben Jones, near the city limits. The shipment of this car load is the beginning of the shipment of truck from Baton Rouge to the North ern markets. The change in the ag ricultural conditions, made necessary by the advent of the boll weevil, and the partial destruction of cotton as a money crop, has forced the plant Sing of a great acreage in truck and a great amount will be shipped from Baton Rouge this season. Id Deporting a Lone Chinaman. New Orleans.-Capt. William L, 4 Morsey, United States marshal at St. SLouis, has arrived at New Orleans, having in charge a Chinaman whom the United States courts have order ed to be sent back to China for be ing in this country without a certifl Scate, in violation of the exclusion act. The marshal will go to San Francisco with his prisoner. !s BRIEF MENTION. S New Orleans licedse collections ex Sceed budget by $165,099. T Two wells will be drilled near a Campti by the Louisiana-Arkansas be Oil and Pipe Line Company. he Attorneys for James Labry, convict ig ed of manslaughter at New Roads, s filed a motion for a new trial. th The State Dental Society held the n- annual meeting at New Orleans last week. Ex-Governor Lowry, ill in New Or Sleans, rallied sufficiently to address an official communica'tion to General . Webb in Jackson regarding Confed he erate reunion matters. p The faculty of the New Iberia high or school demanded the resignation of y. Parish Superintendent Wallet. Governor Sanders and three other m, members of the State Board of Equal at ization conferred with assessors of ul the Seventh Distrit at Lake Charles. ite The Bayou St. John Improvement Association has been formed. I =1 With The Legislators On or before May 12, the Senate will elect a president pro tempore. The office is simply honorary, except that in case of the death, resignation or disability of the governor the pres ident pro tempore of the Senate would become the acting governor. There have been no open announce ments for the position as yet, but it is understood that Senators Fletch- t er, Rasco and Henderson will be in the race. The names of James Rob ertson and John H. Holland have also been mentioned in connection with the race. The president pro ternm pore must be chosen from a holdover member of the Senate. 1 The Leigh bill, providing for the re moval of the University of Arkansas t from Favetteville to Littl' Rock and the creation of the University of Ar kansas Improvement District in Little 5 Rock, was defeated in the House by Ba vote of 40 to 32. A motion by Mr. Hurst of Washington to indefinitely postpone further consideration of the measure was under discussion one en ; tire day and finally carried. The mo 1 tion means the defeat of the bill. The removal bill passed by the Senate is 1 yet to come up in the House. The bill introduced in the House by Mr. Gann of Benton, providing that all localities may have the power to organize special school districts the same as incorporated towns and cit les of the first and second class, if passed will result in the abolishment of much local legislation each session of the legislature. A large portion of i the time at each session is consumed in considering local measures and of these measures bills creating special school districts form no small per cent. i The bill introduced in the House t. by :Mr. Holt of Hempstead, which pro r vides for the creation of the Arkan r sas Vicksburg Military Park Commis y sion, provides further that the com e mission shall be composed of three ex-Confederate veterans, who shall be appointed by the governor. An ap propriation of $1,000 is also provided for in the bill for the erection of markers where the Arkansas troops e stood on the Vicksburg battlefield. During the discussion of the univer t- sity removal bill in the House Mr. )- Williams of Washington quoted the S low prices of board at Fayetteville I- and argued that the prices in Little Il Rock woulh be much higher. "Would e you mind going with me to a wagon t- yard where I get mine for $5?" asked M- Mr. Ard amid the roars of the House. * "I thought that was where the gentle s man from Jackson stayed," replied t Mr. Williams. it The Witt text book bill has been e passed by the House. The bill, how n ever, -will be inoperative unless the . Senate amends it, as it now provides g that the State Text Book Commission It shall be appointed in April, 1909. If the Senate amends the bill so as to make it operative, the measure will scarcely have time to get back to the n House in time for that body to concur a in the amendment, is the belief ex it pressed by several members. * At the instigation of the author, the * Winn bill, levying a tax of one per d cent on the gross receipts of trans Sportation companies, will be amend g ed so as to provide for a tax of only Sone-half ner cent. It was the origi ' nal intention of Mr. Winn to have the Sbill provide for a one-half per cent d tax, but through an inadvertence it provides for one per cent. A bill introduced in the House by Mr. Thompson of Independence relat ing to the regulation of disorderly resorts in cities of the first and sec t ond class, provides that such houses d must be moved out of any block upon Spetition of three property owners of that block. It is the purpose of the bill to make it easier to direct the location of such places. L The pagee of both branches of the ,. General Assembly will be sorry when g, the session ends, If no others should a feel the same. While it has not been r. altogether a picnic for the boys who e-. have jumped to the beck and call of 5. the legislators, they have enjoyed it. a Some of the boys have saved the per I diem allowed them and have put snug sums in the bank. A marked antipathy to long discue* slons or debates has been displayed x. In the House, as debate cuts off ac tion on other measures and the pre r vious question will probably be mov , ed in a hurry on all discussions in the future. t. A motion to reconsider the vote by , which the bill was defeated providing for the relief of the Brinkley school Sdistrict failed to prevail in the Senate at It is estimated that the House costs the state $3 a minute while in ses sion. ss The Oldham state capitol bill has al passed the Senate. This appropriates 1. $795,000 for the completion of the building. Argument over the bill was warm and the measure consumed the greater portion of three days in the Senate. The eduicational committee of the er House has reported favorably on Sen 11 ate Bill No. 420 (Bush), organizing of the Vilonia special school district in IS. Faulkner count , and unfavorably on nt House Bill No. 459 (Cartwright), cre ating the Arlberg special school dis trict in Stone cout-v. DEATH LIST GROWS C WITH EACH REPORT ' NUMBER KILLED MAY GO BE. YOND 250. Most Destructive Storm Ever Known in This Section-Cyclone Took Wide Extent-Hundreds of People Homeless. Memph'is, Tenn.-TIncomplete reports from the storm-swept sections of Ten- f nessee, Alabama, Arkansas and Missis- t sippi give a death list of 130 and more a than 500 more or less seriously injured. )t the latter it is thought that fully >ne hundred will die, running the loss up to the neighborhood of 250. In casualties, in property loss, in ex tent of territory covered, and in freakish things done, Thursday night's storm is c the most remarkable and the most de- 4 structive ever known in this section. It f is not possible to estimate the property 1 loss, for there is no way of computing I it. Many noble forests that have stood a for generations are laid in waste; nu- 1 merous fine old country homes have been I blown away; churches, school houses, t stores and innumerable barns and out houses are in kindling. Late reports show that the worst dam age was in Eastern Arkansas, South eastern Missouri, West Tennessee and along Duck and Elk rivers in Middle Ten nessee and North Alabama. Shelby i county, Tipton county and the counties i to the east of these, notably Crockett, 1 Gibson, Madison and Chester, were the l scenes of the storm's fury, and whole I settlements were laid in ruins. Two or three small towns on the Arkansas-Mis souri line, an equal number on the Ten nessee-Alabama line and several in Mid dle Tennessee were wholly destroyed. It is remarkable that the loss of life in them was so small. The cyclone seems to have originated in Southwestern Arkansas, jumped over the intervening space to Van Buren and Cleburne counties, and split, one fork go ing north into Missouri and the other coming due west to Izard and Critten den counties, then crossing the Mississip pi into Shelby and Tipton counties; thence northeast into Middle Tennessee; thence southwest into Northern Ala bama, where it disappeared in the moun tains of Lawrence county. At each place the cyclone lasted only about ten minutes, and was followed by heavy rain and hail storms and an elec tric display that was said to be unusual ly terrifying. Hundreds of people, mostly negro ten ants on devastated farms, are homeless, but the white people in each of these communities are taking care of the des titute. THOUGHT IT WAS DOOMSDAY. Wonderful Phenomenon Occurs at Amory, Miss. Amory, Miss.-The most wonderful phenomenon ever witnessed by any of the oldest citizens occurred here Friday afternoon at 3:30 o'clock, when an elec trical storm passed over the city, fol lowed by a hailstorm which lasted only about one minute, covering the ground with hail stones as large as a man's fist. The stones fell so fast that you could not see a person across the street. A great many people thought the world was at an end. The roofs of six or eight store houses, covered with rubberoid roofing, were completely ruined, and the rain poured in on the stocks of goods, doing a great deal of damage. THREE NEGROES LYNCHED. SAssailants of Marshall (Texas) Offiters Strung Up. Marshall, Tex.-A mob entered the county jail here at 2 o'clock Friday morning, dragged out Creole Mose, Pie Hill and Mat Chase, negroes, and lyncehed all three. The militia which has been guarding the jail for the last three days was dismissed at midnight and the citizens formed a mob Immediately, tak ing the authorities by surprise. Mose. IHill and Chase were charged with firing lupon and killing Deputy Sheriff Mark I Huffman and wounding Constable Alex Cargill a few days ago while the officers iwere raiding a craps game. The mob numbered forty men, and tney battered in the north wall of the jail, grabbed the keys from the jailer and I rushed the trembling blacks to the street. COLLIER'S STRANGE 'BgEQUEST. Gives $0,000 to an Unknown Catholic School. Cincinnati.-Tn the will of Peter F. ICollier, the publisher, one bequests pro vides that $2,000 a year for ten years 'be paid to St. Joseph's Roman Gatholio ISeminary of Cincinnati. There is no 1 such institution in Cincinnati. Collier Sattended school at Mount St. Mary's Seminary, Price Hill, 30 years ago, and it is thought that that may be the school he intended to remember. The entire s estate is worth $5,000,000. - Dressing for Grape Fruit Salad. · If the grape fruit is used with white Sgrapes, use a cream mayonnaise in a stead of a French dressing. A very nice sauce is made by taking the same Squantities of white wine and sugar. mix well together and pour over fruit. Grape fruit on lettuce is very good served with the following boiled dress ing. Beat up two eggs, add one cup Svinegar, seasoning of salt, pepper and 'sugar and quarter cap butter. Cook' 'in double boiler. Stir constantly till dressing has thickened. Cool and Serve. SENATOR FROM UTAH Reed Smoot One of the Hustlers of Congress. How He Fought to Retain Seat in Upper House-Has Won Honors in That Body by Hard, Con sistent and Careful Work. Washington.-It is a long stride from fighting against big odds to re tain a seat in the United States sen ate to a place in its highest councils, but it is one which has been taken by Senator Reed Smoot of Utah in one term. Even before Senator Smoot had taken his seat, the storm of pro test against his retaining it had be gun to swell in eastern states, and when he took the oath of office its clouds hung so threateningly that they would have frightened a less daring fighter. Because Senator Smoot be longed to the hierarchy of the Mor mon church thousands petitioned against his retaining the honor to which he had been without question legally elected by the Utah legisla ture. This is history. What Senator Smoot has done since his right to sit in the senate was confirmed is an other matter. It was three sessions before the storm of criticism of the new Utah senator had subsided and the senate committee on privileges and elections reported in favor of permitting him to retain his seat. Then, as if he had been storing up energy during the two previous years, Mr. Smoot launched into his work as a senator like a dynamo. Those who worked with him and tried to maintain his pace soon dropped by the wayside, and left this Senator Reed Smoot. tall, quiet man of few words and much energy plodding steadily on. ward. During all the time that his right to sit in the senate had been questioned Senator Smoot had not lift. Sed his voice except to vote. Now the ' senate found that it had a good de Sbater. Mr. Smoot profited by his Y silence, and the opening of his fourth i session found him well located on the t. Republican side and active. d On March 4, 1909, Senator Smoot A began his second term. Opposition to Id him because of his close connection t with the Mormon church had dsleap d peared. Those who had taken a care. e ful look into his life found that his beliefs did not intrude themselves Supon the daily lives of others, and come to know him as an ordinary American citizen, with plenty of west. era snap and energy. Those who had come into contact with him in debate Sknew that it was not wis'e to precipi tate unnecessarily an encounter with e him on the senate floor. ' Many of those who signed petitions ie to congress asking that Reed Smoot d be ousted from the senate took it for. n granted that he had more than one e wife. No one understands this preju v dice better than Senator Smoot him. k. self. A party of newspaper men were e, making a trip through the west. They ig stopped at Salt Lake City and ran k down to the great Salt lake. On their return they were invited to visit Sena. tor Smoot's home, at Provost City. "Gentlemen," said Senator Smoot, standing upon the broad veranda o! Id his home, "this is my wife,"'and in e an undertone, but so plainly that all id could hear, "and the only one I ever t. expect to have or want." To-day Senator Smoot is bearing, as a member of the committee on finance, a heavy burden, being one of lic the nine Republican senators who framed the tariff bill just reported to F. the senate. Membership in this com .o mittee is the most sought appoint. rI ment in the United States senate. II ie Is important from a financial stand no point and gives a senator power which r is not refused. The honor went to Senator Smoot unsought, but was earned by hard, persistent, careful work upon less important committees. o This work was watceed and marked re by senate leaders. When the new committees were chosen at the begin ning of the extraordinary session, Mr. Smoot rose to the top of the heap. On te this committee he is associated with i Senator Aldrich of Rhode Island, its ry chairman, and Senator Hale of Maine. e In addition to a place on the com r, nmittee on finance. Senator Smoot was I made chairman of the committee on d printing. i "Just as soon as I am through with P the tariff bill I am going to cut down d the expenditures of congress for a' printing," he said, "We are spending il :oo inuch-money. Much of it is wasted." ad