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The Lower' oast iazette
VOL. . POINTE-A-LA-HACHE, LOUISIANA, SATURI)AY, DECEMBER 12 1914., NO. IS. - .- I , I RERLIN CL IMS VICTOY ir II ai r i V O L . 1 ; II - - - - - - - - - . . . ........ .. - .. -' . .... . l. ,, I,..,, . ,,.w , ...,L lP RI:R / ' ,AIMS V CTOPY r' llln i ,,zl lii F' IT'1 lP, NEW stunte WAR BRINGS sEW tt TASKS AND DUTIES TAd sions. -- are e: President Points Out Big Prob- forts lems Which Confront Foi Congress. finely of tb MUST OPEN GATES OF TRADE genel r'assl Ships to Carry Goods to Empty Mar- and kets Is Imperative Necessity Our National Defense Lies in prom Our Citizenry-Need An of Economy. legis S.recei Washington, Dec. 8.-The new tasks II and duties imposed upon the United meal States as a result of the European ,war pie Soccupied the greater portion of Presi- that dent Wilson a message to congress men read today before a joint session of the Sthe two houses. The message follows: pass SGentlemen of the Congress: of t The session upon which you are now bor. entering will be the closing session .of the Sixty-third congress, a congress, I Bi venture to say, which will long be re- witt membered tor. the great body of the thoughtful and constructive work carn which it has done] in loyal response of to the thought and needs of the coun- not try. I should like in this address to re- of t view the notable record and try to able make adequate assessment of it; but An( no doubt we stand too near the work we that has been done and are ourselves out too much part of it to play the part of historians toward it. Moreover, our ope thoughts are now more of the future sal) than of the past. While we have worked at our tasks ly af peace the circumstances of the agp have been altered by war. I we have done for our own lMd die ear own people we did with the yel tast was in us, whether of clar jut or of Intelligence, with sober ti, fad a confdence in the poi es upon which we were acting op sustalned us at every step of tie icult undetakaing; but It is alt t4 has passed from Our bands. all st estaished j art of the 'ea1 of 'the eountry. its usef . It to effecti, will di4s1ose them mi days of a year pr wi be 'fosever memorable in ca of the world, is that we th ii tasks, have been facing them su six months,.muet face them in en months to come-f ce them with- in rttsauy feeling, like men who to Y trgotten everything but a comrn- t duty and the fact that we are to ttives at a teat people t 'thought is not of us but of what c owes to herself and to all 81 In such ,circumstances as it uppa which we look amased and di Spirop. Will Need Our Help a :W as hs tatetbapted the means of i ot only rot also the processes lt In urope it is destroy aied reMouresa wholesale and t 4! ule unprecedented and ap herje is reason to fear that i near, lit be not aLready t when seaeral of the coun ofdarope wlwl find it dlcult to t pr their psopl4 what theyhave I Ltobe( alway easily able to do, eusmntlal und fundamental At a y rate!they will need our a.r mailftld services asI they 6I9er need!ed them before; and 4ibod be ready, more fit and than we hav~ ever been, k of eqail consequeppie that the whom Ilurope has usually sup iWik inanumrable articles of and epmmerce can now asmall pant of what they for lpported andi eagerly look to as ty thlt all but empty mar his Is particularly true of our e:hhbors, the states, great and ; e~tral ard Sgouth America. a-t anrkets which we must sup i we mist finad the means of ac iThe United States, this great for Whomn we speak and set, Sready, as never beorse, to tself and to se~r~ mankint; ith HRe its uesei Its energies, a. vEygp'raoical matter, a mat a'kept n mans. We hase the but are wwe tunlly reai to AfLd If we can make ready ~ a3 &base we the mesas at bdbtr . it t We are not tully hne wei the 3.N5 of i able. Wei bae the wish .ha, ,,.r e.Mt re tad Itos to u#theseedlrvgr atteln bUe - ad otpepbare and e MWy 'we hove pApsly erral In the way in which we have the ma stunted and hindered the development of whip of our merchant marine. And now, being when we need ships, we have net got sense 2 them. The I have come to ask you to remedy practic and correct these mistakes and omis- be effe sions. The time and the circumstances assessi are extraordinary, and so must our ef- formed forts be also. to be Use and Conservation. return, Fortunately, two great measures, And, I finely conceived, the one to unlock, so acc with proper safeguards, the resources propri of the national domain, the other to eviden encourage the use of the navigable what water outside that domain for the It i generation of power, have already gance passed the house of representatives cized and are ready for immediate consider- mate ation and action by the senate. With a gr the deepest earnestness I urge their comm prompt passage. buri And there is another great piece of legislation which awaits and should have receive the sanction of the senate: have I mean the bill which gives a larger more I measure of self-government to the peo- ried c r pie of the Philippines. I cannot believe itis that the senate will let this great only a measure of constructive justice await mone f the action of another congress. Its pay. passage would nobly crown the record Th of these two years of memorable la- ards, bor. appli bor. An Important Duty. I But I thin': that you will agree Th with me that this does not complete ment )f the toll of our duty. How are we to plea k carry our goods to the empty markets It e of which I have spoken if we have It ct a- not the certain and constant means ansm e- of transportation upon which all profit- tioni to able and useful commerce depends? It at And how are we to get the ships if are we wait for the trade to develop with- mean Be out them? that of -The routes of trade must be actually tice ar opened-by many ships and regular tion re sailings and moderate charges-before comn streams of merchandise will flow free- and a ly and profitably through them. peal be Must Open Gates of Trade. ent sr .Hence the pending shipping bill, tion ad discussed at the last session, but as gest he yet passed y neither house. In may To ar- judgment such legislation is impera- We er tively needed and can not wisely be thai be postponed. The government must is r ng open these gates of trade, and open pie of them wide; open them before it is to i is altogether profitable to open them, or in t 45. altogether reasonable to ask private A i eapital to open them at a venture. nee . t is not a questi of the government ma mi monopolizing the eld. It should take wit antion-t Cake,! 'oCertain. that trans to ear promptly provid d, even where the the in carriage is not at first profitable; and hol we then, when the carriage has become are em sufficiently profitable to attract and gre in engage private capital, and engage it gal ithl in abundance, the government ought wh who to withdraw. I very earnestly hope pei om- that the congress will be of this opin- lib are ion, and that both houses will adopt we pli this exceedingly important bill. the hat The great subject of rural credits spi all still remains to be dealt with, and im as it is a matter of deep regret that the ad difficulties of 'the subject have seemed to render it impossible to complete a bill for passage at this session. But Nc it can not be perfected yet, and there. on of fore there are no other constructive ca measures the necessity for which I ca ro- will at this time cal your attention th: nd to: but I would be negligent of a de Svery manifest duty were I not to call is that the attention of the senate to the fact of dy that the proposed convention for safe- of n ty at sea awaits its confirmation and th that the limit fixed in the convention PE h Itsclf for its acceptance is the last I1 Sdo, da of the present month. al Charting of Our Coasts. SThere is another matter of which d I mrust make special mention, if I am d to discharge rIy conscience, lest it shuld escape your atteieption. It may tseem a very small thing. It affects only a single item of appropriation. But many human lives and many Sof great enterprisaes hang upon it. ow It Is the matter of making adequate ro provision for the survey and charting of our coasts. b mar- Itis immediately pressing and exi Sgent in connection with the immense coast line of Alaska. This is a matter' Sica which, as I have said, seems small, sup- but is in reality very great. Its im e portance has only to be looked into eato be appreciated. t Economy Is Urged. Before I close, may I say a few words upon two topics, much dis- I cusped out of doors, upon which it is highly important that our judgments should be clear, definite and steadfast. One of these Is economy in govern mat ment expenditures. The duty of econ Sthe omy is not debatable. It s msnlfest a to and important. In the appropriations ready we pass we are spending the money a ft of the great ;people whoie servants taUI we are-not our own. We are trus s of tees and responsible stewards In the a we spending. The only thing debstable wish and upon which we should be careful Piee to make our thought and purpose a e olear is the kind of economy: detnand hm e4 of s. I asert with the greatest . o sdaac noe that the people of the iately lted States are not ealous of the ij:an aunt th"5ir goverament costs if thiey are' re that they get what they musiY aeed and deaire for the outhlm, that the money is being spent for objects make of which they approve, and that it is arise. being applied with good business world sense and management. to ma The sort of economy we ought to the si practice may be effected, and ought to definit be effected, by a careful study and deed. assessment of the tasks to be per- Let formed; and the money spent ought of the to be made to yield the best possible do. returns in efficiency and achievement. of nal And, like good stewards, we should the p so account for every dollar of our ap- nor ye propriations as to make it perfectly a citi evident what it was spent for and in to art what way it was spent. Amer It is not expenditure but extrava- custo: gance that we should fear being criti- provii cized for; not paying for the legiti- citize mate enterprises and undertakings of the 1 a great government whose people with command what it should do, but add- ment; ing what will benefit only a few or' main f pouring money out tor what need not We have been undertaken at all or might and have been postponed or better and whicl r more economically conceived and car- valu Sried out. The nation is not niggardly; vide e it is very generous. It will chide us makf ,t only if we forget for whom we pay so ii it money out and whose money it is we it at s pay. a li1 d These are large and general stand- phys . ards, but they are not very difficult of more application to particular cases. more The Natural Defense. thini e The other topic I shall take leave to Ame mention goes deeper into the princi- that o ples of our national life and policy. shot ts It is the subject of natio4l defense. by 4 re It cannot be discussed without first sistE Is answering some very searching ques- own tions. poli, s? It is said in some quarters that we also Sare not prepared for war. What is h meant by being prepared? It is meant bees that we are not ready upon brief no ly tice to put a nation in the field, a na- nati ar tion of men trained to arms? Of re course we are not ready to do that; e- and we shall never be in time of ver peace so long as we retain our pres- acts ent political principles and institu- Pro: 1, tions. And what is it that it is sug- say as gested we should be prepared to do? los Iy To defend ourselves against attack? bee r We have always found means to do wi be that, and shall find them whenever it ver at is necessary without calling our peo- e en ple away from their necessary tasks ite is to render compulsory military service sar or in times of peace. or ate Allow me to speak with great plain ire. ness and directness upon this great ant matter and to avow my convictions ike with deep earnestness. I have tried rej ins- to kno r:, America is, what her me bie pople TtinK, what they are, what bey the they most cherish, and hold dear, I nei and hope that some of their finer passions Bu nme are in my own heart, some of the of and great conceptions and desires which e it gave birth to this government and ful ght which have made the voice of this be ope people a voice of peace and hope and a pin- liberty among the peoples of the na lopt world, and that, speaking my own p thoughts, I shall, at least in part, co dits speak theirs also, however, faintly and and inadequately, uon this vital matter. re the 6ar' No Nation. er lete We are at peace with all the world. el But No one who speaks counsel based u! ore- on fact or drawn from a Just and ive candid interpretation of realities h I can say that there is reason for fear It tion that from any quarter our indepen- t f a dence or the integrity of our territory al call is threatened. Dread of the power 5 fact of any other nation we are ipcapable V sae- of. We are not jealous of rivalry in 51 and the fields of commerce or of any other ti pon peaceful achievement. We mean to c last live our lives as we will; but we mean P also to let live. We are, indeed, a I true friend to all the nations of the 3 world, because we threaten none. 5 ich covet the possessions of none, desire B am the overthrow of none. Our friend t t ship can be accepted and is accepted i may without reservation, because it is of- i fcts ered in a spirit and for a purpose ' on. which no one need ever question or suspect. Therein lies our greatness. We are the champions of peace and siteof concord. And we should be very jealous of this distinction which we 1 e have sought to earn. Just now we e should be particularly jealous of it, I. e because it is our dearest present hope ltter that this character and reputation a im may presently, in God's providence, into bring us an opportunity to counsel and obtain peace in the world and reconciliation and a healing settle ment of man a matter that has cooled few and interrupted the friendship of ies nations. This is the time above all it others when we should wish and re meats solve to keep our strength by self-poe It. session, our inflauence by preserving vern, our ancient principles of action. ion. Ready for Defense. tions From the firat we have had a clear oney and settled policy with regard to n ats military establishments. We never tre. havie had, and while we retain our i the present principles and ideals we never table shall have, a large standing army. areful If asked, are you ready to defend rpose yourselvest We reply, most asaeured band- ly, to the utmost; and yet we shall rtest not ,turn America into a military f the camp, W~ will not ask our youna o the men to-spend the best years of their t s t lives making soldiers of themselves. t they There is another sort of energy in us. Sthrt It will know how to declare itself. and make itself effective should occasion arise. And especially when half the world is on fire we shall be careful EII to make our moral insurance against the spread of the conflagration very definite and certain and adequate in deed. Let us remind ourselves, therefore, of the only 'thing we can do or will do. We must depend in every time FIGH1 of national peril, in the future as in TE the past, not upon a standing army, nor yet upon a reserve army, but upon a citizenry trained and accustomed to arms. It will be right enough, right American policy, based upon our ac- AFRI customed principles and practices, to provide a system by which every citizen who will volunteer for Franc the training may be made familiar with the use of modern arms, the rudi- Whi ments of drill and maneuver, and the M maintenance and sanitation of camps. We should encourage such training and make it a means of discipline which our young men will learn to Nei value. It is right that we should pro- war b vide it not only, but that we should so b make it as attractive as possible, and of th so induce our young men to undergo confll 3 it at such times as they can command All a little freedom and can seek the of a l- physical development they need, for carror f more health's sake, if for nothing thatr more. Every means by which such here things can be stimulated is legitimate, lines and such a method smacks of true American ideas. It is a right, too, is at that the National Guard of the states wt should be developed and strengthened has by every means which is not incon sistent with our obligations to our sys own people or with the established in r, policy of our government. And this, west also, not because the time or occasion Nort Sspecially calls for such measures, but Nort because it should be our constant pol- all icy to make tlhese provisions for our have national peace and afety.that More than this carries with it a re ters of versal of the whole history and char- in t acter of our polity. More than this, and u proposed at this time, permit me to thir say, would mean merely that we had. lost our self-possession, that we had inat k? been thrown off our balance by a war ab1 do with which he have nothing to do, whose causes cannot touch us, whose in i very existence affords us opportun ities of friendshii 'and disinterested In service which should make us ashamed of any thought of hostility hop or fearful preparation for trouble wah 3at Ships Our Natural Bulwarks. in le A powerful navy we have always app regarded as our .proper and natural G r means of defense; and it has always lead been of defense that we have thought, an never of aggression or of conquest. nes But who shall tell us now what sort e of navy to build? We shall take leave fic ch to be strong upon the seas, in the bee fd future as in the past; and there will his be no thought of offense or of provo- he mad cation in that. Our ships are our the natural bulwarks. When will the ex awn perts tell us just what kind we should , construct-and when will they be RE and right for ten years together, If the er, relative efficiency of craft for differ. S ent kinds and uses continues to rld. change as we have seen it change ed under our very eyes in these last and few months? Vol ties But I turn away, from the subject. vo fa It is not new. There is no new need ch pen to discuss it. We shall not alter our en tory attitude toward it because some ci wer amongst us are nervous and excited. i ble We shall easily and sensibly agree in asuch a policy of defense. The que- ad her tion has not changed its aspects be- ba Sto cause the times are not normal. Our to sn policy will not be for an occasion. u d, a- It will be conceived as a permanent s theand settled thing, which we will pur. me, sue at all seasons, without haste and a esire after a fashion perfectly consistent a end- with the peace of the world, the abid- fr pted ing friendship of states, and the un- he Sof- hampered freedom of all with whom ti pose we deal. Let there be no misconcep- sI or tion. The country has been misin. ness. formed. We have not been negligent ti and of national defense. We are not un- g ery mindful of the great responsibility Swe resting upon us. We shall learn and Swe profit by the lesson of every experi f it, ence and every new circumstances; hope and what is needed willibe adequately atlon done. lene, Great Duties of Peace. nsel I close, as I began, by reminding andyou of the great tasks and duties of E ttle peace which challenge our best pow oled ers and invite us to build what will pof last, the tasks to which we can address re all ourselves now and at all times the ad - freehearted zest and with all the fin i-pos est gifts of constructive wisdom we ring possesl To develop our life and our resources; to supply our own people, and the 'people cf the world as their lear need arises, from the abundant plenty r to of our fields and our marts of trade; never to enrich the commerce of our own nour state and of the world with the prod never ucts of our mines, our farms, and our rmy. factories, with the creations of our efead thought and the fruits of our chara-c inred- ter--thi is what will hold our atten shall tion and our enthusiasm steadily, now iltary and in the years to come, as we stri!ve yng to show in our life as a nation what their liberty and the inspirations of an rela. emancipated spirit may do for men In up. and for societies, for individuals, for l.. an states, and for mankind. Y- , .z rd t·L " rIAIqin'S. A.ua- I A· ktes Eu Mauftlo a year. 'Mzw e tie. ashotpPr plag!. s ent Waters, Us the f eas .t tft arge shallow tank is conatractd! wISeh has wings of sitvanahed Iron The tank It illed witk kerosena The I naIvrMi thin stoat the drive threj.or I .fit anile awai and close ints gadual' 1 l, the graphOPpes 'bitoce 1 ' Em tin the task. The sehosac.' ,I ý~ p)ri s d a a t sentto mar I S Russian Woman Martyrs Mrs. Catherine BresbkOvs$y, known c as "Baboushks,' or grandUothet to a the Ruasian, has been ordered to 1. some point on the artio dcrcle, after a harna b imprIsond a. Ifrtak f or - tjyIng o ,escape. Sh5 is seventy year old @ a was sen nieed to #he life of c; tI b la term sar I s - d asl . evr a years a.. go d r 'mMud jctate tour of the United >t -}YI IJ -, VEIL OF SECRECY ITwo Ah OVER WAR ZONES Blow munical fice hei FIGHTING OF VICIOUS CHARAC- "In E TER STILL CARRIED ON IN of Lam EASTERN ZONE. taken i "In t has bb northw AFRICAN LEADER CAPTURED On the progre "In France Plans to Call 300,000 Youths the toi Who Are Liable to Service in 1916. pachh Military Training Will Be Be- to rep gun in March. Berl ment Frencl New York.-At no time since the by En war began has the veil of secrecy been The so closely drawn over the operations In of the armies of the theaters of the the e conflict. vance: Although it is known that fighting "In of a vicious character is still being point carried on in the eastern zone, and taken that there have been isolated combats regim here and there along the entrenched ser's lines in Belgium and France, nothing two o is at hand to show how the fortunes my's Sof war are being distributed. Lo "At no place along the entire front cation has there been any notable incident," nent i says the Paris official communication that in referring to the situation in the been I west. Of the trend of events in the doubt east, Vienna declares the fighting in tempt : North Poland continues, but that in Thers all other zones quiet prevails. mans r Unofficial advices say the Russians on tb have been victorious in Poland, aid ing 0 that the Germans have lost large num bers of men. One report has it that mand in the fighting between the Vistula Fren' and Warthe the Germans los two- ed. thirds of their army. France is soon to call up fo'r exam ination 300,000 of her youths who are liable to service in 1916. Their mili tary training probably will be begun CZA e in March and they will be ready for service in July. Are ed In the Italian parliament the state- A ment of a deputy in a speech that he t hoped soon to see the Italian tri-color waving from the Tower of St. Justus La in Thieste, brought forth thunders of in t as pplause. cant Gen. Christian De Wet, the rebel with leader in South Africa, has beef placed inte ht, under guard in the fortress at Johan- twoe t nesburg. the rt The Swiss federal council, in an of- Al ficial communication, says there has ed e the been renewed activity by the French thei will and German forces in upper Alsace. proc The Austrian- general, Von Stutter- The helm, is reported to have been killed hea ex in battle. Wie uld fort e REICHSTAG TO VOTE CREDIT or the Cra er' Sooialists WIll Vote for New War Via to Loan, Which Will Not Be loated intt ge Until the Spring. last Berlin.-The reichetag will meet to froi vote a war credit of $1,250,000,000. Dr. Lo lect. von Bethmann-Hollweg, the imperial bor eed chancellor, conferred with party lead- pro our ers, explaining the military and finan- nit me cial situation. He first received so- co Lted. cialist leaders. ree It is expected the war credit will be hal le s adopted unanimously and without de- Lo be bate. The government does not in- a Our tend to raise the new loan forthwith, fr so and probably will not do ao until e eat spring. pu* Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg, istl and speaking to the reichstag committee, ey itent said the military situation on both lo1 abid fronts was wholly favorable, but that in unf he wished to defer further explana- ru rhom tions until the meeting of the reich- G nep stag. He said he hoped the reichstag a Isin* would vote the loan unanimously, as th Igent this would encourage the troops to the si t ul greatest energy. cc ".r RULERS DIRECT CONFLICTS F atel Kaiser and Czar Are at the Front With Armles-King George Is In France. London.-The battle in Northern ding Poland is being fought out under the e e of eyes of the German emperor on the b pow- one side and the Russian emperor on Swill the other. These two monarchs left Idress for the front so that virtually the Sthe heads of all the nations at war are e e An- with their troops. i we The king of England is in France; a L our the king of Belgium, as usual, is spend- u ople tug all his time with his soldiers, while r their President Polnecire of France has 1 plent gone for another visit to the northern rade; battlefield. r own Omicial news from Poland continues 1 prob anty and with both headquarters our claiming successes it is impossible to our say how the battle is gIong. Of its karao intensity, however, there can be no e doubt. strive British Subjects Interned. what Amsterdam.-All male British sub o a, jects up to age 65, who arre still in r men Brussels, the Amsterdam Hamdeliblad s, for says, have been interned in a military eoncentration camp. Curtail Liquor Trafflc. . Winnepeg, Manitoba.-Premier Sir nown Rodman Robin announced in a long hr to statement that the Manitoba govern to ment had decided to take drastic ac tfter tion for crtaing the liquor trafle Ltsk for 4w'lg. the was period Sof Austrtine Ropuled. SPus.--A violnt attack by the Au. S** trians on t.he Uenrp ftbnt, t-nning Da uted truan vulta to :ljon, along the aiver itjid In Notiw5stern! Servia, BERLIN CLAIMS VICTORY i Two Alsatian Towns Taken by Allies. Blowing Up of La Grurie Reported. Kaiser's Troops W' Paris.-The following oi 1 com munication was issued by t, ar of. fice here: "In Belgium a violent bor. ent l NEGRO of Lamperrnisse, west of Dixn. °has M. taken place. "In the Argonne region the '7I has blown up by a mine the a. 4 northwest of the forest of La Gr oa WHOL On the whole we are developing progress on that part of the front. ., "In Alsace our troops have '"k the towns of Aspach-Le-Ha'"t ~.~ ne o pach-Le-Bas, southeast of Tiha.u. OA anc the rest of the front there is nothing to report." Berlin.-The German ujficial s~ate ment claims the capture of a strong Western French position in the Argonne forest Shre' e by Emperor William's own regiment. bie Le SThe text of communication reads: e e s "In the western theater of the war negroe .e the enemy made insignificant ad- Gently vancess, which were checked. miles g "In the forest of Argonne, a strong mornir ,g point of support of the enemy was murde Ld taken by the Wurttemberg infantry years is regiment No. 120, his majesty, the kai years, td ser's own regiment. On this occasion e bisr ig two officers and about 300 of the ene- robbin 9 my's troops were made prisoners." London.--While there is every indil and at cation that another big battle is immi- build nent in the west, there is no evidence Inft )n that it actually has begun. There has fc he been fighting in Flanders, but this is an inf ie doubtless the result of the allies' at- fean i in tempt to take advanced positions. two i in There also are reports that the Ger- trees mans have evacuated several villages and ns on the Yser canal and are concentrat conve ad ing on new positions. young . The British have taken over com- of the mat and of the Yser region, and, like the Hicks ila French, have been strongly re-enforo- his ed. It is believed that on the first a sign of a German movement to the were n- east in considerable force the allies ire will take the offensive in the west. dence un CZAR'S MEN NEAR CRACOW negr for crime Are Reported to Be Mounting Guns at saves Lte- Wielicaka-New Battle In Pland ly ac he Going On. pear' or - it w tus London.-With the lull in the battle been of in the west, which has become a heavy aged cannonade at widely separated points, the bel with only occasional infantry attacks, der, ced interest centers in -e struggle be- fieal a- tween the Russiatis and Germans in the I the east. man of- At last the Russians have approach- Flou has ed within firing distance of Cracow, the nch their advance from Przemysl having in ( proceeded without any real check. wro ter- They were reported to be mounting Crin heavy batteries around the town of the Wieliczka, and from which the outer Lew forts of Cracow can be reached. ha )IT Important as this is-for the fall of her Cracow would lay open the roads to mur War Vienna, Breslau and Berlin--the main ad interest in the east continues to rest with the operations on the irregular F t to front from Czenstochowa through the Dr. Lods and Lowicz to the East Prussiah ly rial border. Official pronouncements as to cbe ad progress here are sarded and indefi- t man- nite, and it is difficult to arrive at a so- conclusion as to the cotrse of events. It is apparent, however, that a new Is i be battle has developed southwest of ou t de- Lods, where the Germans have formed In a new line with fresh forces brought with, from Kalisec and are again trying to upntl penetrate the Russian center. The Russians, too, have had timeto toel weg, straighten out their line and, in the Mh ttee, eyes of the allies, another battle fol- thl both lowing so closely that just concluded C that in this ..region must help in the long lana- run, for, it is argued, win or lose, the eich- Germans must be further weakened hatag and, in addition, soon will have to turn Ly, as their attention to the Russian often- c L the sive against Silesia and around Cra-i cow. it CTS FRANCE DEFENDS HER LIFE 0 With Declaration of Self-Defense is Made by French Ministry in Yellow Book Just Issued. thern Paris.-The French ministry of for- b r the eign affairs made public a yellow book n the bearing on the causes of the present or on war. This French volume is much Sleft more complete than the publications Sthe of this nature given out up to the pres r are ent time by other governments. The French report has 218 pages ance; and comprises no fewer than 160 doc spend- uments. It is devoted primarily to a while recital of the negotiations which fol e has lowed the delivery of the Austrian rthern note to Servia (July 28, 1914), and on France (Aug. 3, 1914). It is brought atne to a close by the reproduction of the urters declaration of the triple entente pow bble to ers that Great Britain, Russia and Of its France would not conclude peace sep be no arately. i Big Victory Claimed. h sub- Berlin.-It is officially reported still from Vienna that the Russian defeat elablad in the battle of Homonna, Hungary, p$litary 80 miles northwest of Unghvar, was greater than at first supposed. Demands Naval Bam. Chriestr a --Enland has demanded IS from Norway, for use as a naval base, on the city and harbor of dhristiansand, gotern- on the southern coast of Norway, such rti c- se to continue only durlag the war. t This emand has been refused by the Norwegian government, and prepara tions are being made to defend itr neutrality. !unning Danis( Steamer Sunk by Mine. on othe London,-The Danish steamer Mary S iof Ebsferg sas unk by a mieine in the ci North Sea. Her crew of 14 took to Stwo-M.. k v;~l~~~,~i:.~ ;.. ;;. i-' r:· ,· ·,r FOUL MURDER IS DOUBLY AVENGED NEGRO ASSASS1NS OF CHARLES M. HICKS LYNCHED AT SYLVESTER. WHOLE PEOPLE INFURIATED ne of the Negroes Involved Released and Another Lodged in Jail at Shreveport. Western Newspanpr Unonn News Servh.i Shreveport.-Following a confession of murder, robbery and arson by Jo bie Lewis and Elijah Durden, young negroes, aged 20 and 19 years, re spectively, at Hicks Crossroads (re cently termed Sylvester, La.), five miles beyond Greenwood, Wednesday morning, they were hanged for the murder of Charles M. Hicks, aged 61 years, a life-long resident of Caddo parish. The blacks had beaten out the brains of their victim, and, after robbing the body, covered it with oil and set it afire. This also fired the building, which was used as a store and postoffice by deceased. Infu riated white people, learning of is the foul crime about daybreak, made an investigation which led to the con fession of Lewis and Durden. The two were. taken to a nearby grove of trees by a party of about 125 whites and 30 negroes and hanged from a convenient limb. Kane McKnight, a n, young negro lad, who had knowledge of the plot to murder and rob Mr. Hicks, disclosed the frightful plans of his associates to to he citizens who were making an investigation of the crime, and the lad was permitted to go in return for turning state's evi. dence. Watkins Lewis, uncle of one of the W negroes who paid for his share of the crime at the hands of the mob, was at saved from a similar fate by the time ly action of Sheriff Flournoy, who ap peared on Wednesday morning after it was learned that Mr. Hicks had tle been foully slain. Lewis, who is an .vy aged darkey, assisted Mr. Flour . $p t, the investigation following the ;, ks, der, and at that time satisfied t''pf be- fcial that he had ngthing to do w'f in the actual murder of Hicks. The old man was brought to the city by Mr ,ch. Flourrioy, however, and locked up in w, the parish prison. The white people iag in Greenwood and vicinity were so ick. wrought up over the outrageous ing trime that it was deemed best to get . of the old man out of the way. Qne of ,ter Lewis' daughters is later alleged to have made a confession implicating . of her father as the prime mover in the to murder plot. rest Big Estate Left to Charity. Franklin.-Archbishop Bleak is left . the bulk of an estate valued at neap mias ly $100,000, which he is to devote to to cbaritable purposes, according to the def- terms of the will of Miss Carolane at a Lefort, admitted to probate by Judge ts T. M. Milling. Father J. H. Trainor w is made testamentary executor witl Sof out bond. g Promises Free Mall Route. *ght Hammond, La.--Postmaster M. C. Sto Wilson of this city is in receipt of a eto telegram from Congressman L I. the Morgan, at Washington, stating that fol- the Post Office Department has de c tded cided to establish free mail delivery long in Hammond, March 1, 1915. ened Bonds on Excess Revenue. turn Lake Charles.-The police jury )ien- bonded the excess revenue of the paP, Cra ish for a period of ten years, and will i issue cretificate of indebtedness in the sum of $300,000 to pay for the construction of a bridge over the IFE calcasieu river and the fillng in of r : gaps in the highway system. Made Young Woman Is Drowned. W Slireveport.-While returning to So her home on horseback, Miss EIlla. book beth Palmer, 19 years old, daughteot e of William Palmer, superintendent eof c the Southwestern Gas and Electrie ations Company, was thrown into a ditch and, presumably stunned by the fall, re was drowned in a few inches of water. 10 doc In Interest of Good Reads. Sto a Alexandria.-The Alexandria Chain.m bh er of Commerce has selected a comn on mittee of local citizens to go before nd on the police jury at its special session on oufht December 14 In the interest of the Sothe good roads proposition, to be take u and p by that body. Near Beer Law Invalid. Shreveport--Judge T. F. Bell of the Caddo District Court, in sustainr inga motion to.quash in a ease Dorted against Lee George, decided that the defeat new Louisiana State near-beer law, kary, onrn as Act No. 21, is nncomstltn r, was tional in part. Suffers its First Defeat. bShreveport.-The Shrevepo Atb letic Basketball team suffered its rst ansand, defeat of the season Monday night, m' such when the Centenary oollege five de. e war. teated the Athletes, 36 to It by the end £ Call in Convicts Off Roads. Amlte.--In accordance with a re cent order of the police jury, the ps ine. ish prisoners were called in off road r Mary work, and were confined in Jail until einthe other dliposition can be miade took to them.