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Lower coast gazette. (Pointe-a-la-Hache, La.) 1909-1925, December 12, 1914, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064433/1914-12-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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The Lower' oast iazette
- .- I , I RERLIN CL IMS VICTOY ir II ai r i
V O L . 1 ; II - - - - - - - - - . . .
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NEW stunte
-- are e:
President Points Out Big Prob- forts
lems Which Confront Foi
Congress. finely
of tb
Ships to Carry Goods to Empty Mar- and
kets Is Imperative Necessity
Our National Defense Lies in prom
Our Citizenry-Need An
of Economy. legis
Washington, Dec. 8.-The new tasks II
and duties imposed upon the United meal
States as a result of the European ,war pie
Soccupied the greater portion of Presi- that
dent Wilson a message to congress men
read today before a joint session of the
Sthe two houses. The message follows: pass
SGentlemen of the Congress: of t
The session upon which you are now bor.
entering will be the closing session .of
the Sixty-third congress, a congress, I Bi
venture to say, which will long be re- witt
membered tor. the great body of the
thoughtful and constructive work carn
which it has done] in loyal response of
to the thought and needs of the coun- not
try. I should like in this address to re- of t
view the notable record and try to able
make adequate assessment of it; but An(
no doubt we stand too near the work we
that has been done and are ourselves out
too much part of it to play the part of
historians toward it. Moreover, our ope
thoughts are now more of the future sal)
than of the past.
While we have worked at our tasks ly
af peace the circumstances of the
agp have been altered by war. I
we have done for our own lMd die
ear own people we did with the yel
tast was in us, whether of clar jut
or of Intelligence, with sober ti,
fad a confdence in the poi
es upon which we were acting op
sustalned us at every step of tie
icult undetakaing; but It is alt
t4 has passed from Our bands. all
st estaished j art of the 'ea1
of 'the eountry. its usef . It
to effecti, will di4s1ose them mi
days of a year pr
wi be 'fosever memorable in ca
of the world, is that we th
ii tasks, have been facing them su
six months,.muet face them in en
months to come-f ce them with- in
rttsauy feeling, like men who to
Y trgotten everything but a comrn- t
duty and the fact that we are to
ttives at a teat people t
'thought is not of us but of what
c owes to herself and to all 81
In such ,circumstances as it
uppa which we look amased and di
Spirop. Will Need Our Help a
:W as hs tatetbapted the means of
i ot only rot also the processes
lt In urope it is destroy
aied reMouresa wholesale and t
4! ule unprecedented and ap
herje is reason to fear that
i near, lit be not aLready t
when seaeral of the coun
ofdarope wlwl find it dlcult to t
pr their psopl4 what theyhave I
Ltobe( alway easily able to do,
eusmntlal und fundamental
At a y rate!they will need our
a.r mailftld services asI they
6I9er need!ed them before; and
4ibod be ready, more fit and
than we hav~ ever been,
k of eqail consequeppie that the
whom Ilurope has usually sup
iWik inanumrable articles of
and epmmerce can now
asmall pant of what they for
lpported andi eagerly look to as
ty thlt all but empty mar
his Is particularly true of our
e:hhbors, the states, great and
; e~tral ard Sgouth America.
a-t anrkets which we must sup
i we mist finad the means of ac
iThe United States, this great
for Whomn we speak and set,
Sready, as never beorse, to
tself and to se~r~ mankint;
ith HRe its uesei Its energies,
a. vEygp'raoical matter, a mat
a'kept n mans. We hase the
but are wwe tunlly reai to
AfLd If we can make ready
~ a3 &base we the mesas at
bdbtr . it t We are not tully
hne wei the 3.N5 of
i able. Wei bae the wish
.ha, ,,.r e.Mt re tad Itos
to u#theseedlrvgr atteln
bUe - ad otpepbare and e
MWy 'we hove pApsly
erral In the way in which we have the ma
stunted and hindered the development of whip
of our merchant marine. And now, being
when we need ships, we have net got sense 2
them. The
I have come to ask you to remedy practic
and correct these mistakes and omis- be effe
sions. The time and the circumstances assessi
are extraordinary, and so must our ef- formed
forts be also. to be
Use and Conservation. return,
Fortunately, two great measures, And, I
finely conceived, the one to unlock, so acc
with proper safeguards, the resources propri
of the national domain, the other to eviden
encourage the use of the navigable what
water outside that domain for the It i
generation of power, have already gance
passed the house of representatives cized
and are ready for immediate consider- mate
ation and action by the senate. With a gr
the deepest earnestness I urge their comm
prompt passage. buri
And there is another great piece of
legislation which awaits and should have
receive the sanction of the senate: have
I mean the bill which gives a larger more
I measure of self-government to the peo- ried c
r pie of the Philippines. I cannot believe itis
that the senate will let this great only
a measure of constructive justice await mone
f the action of another congress. Its pay.
passage would nobly crown the record Th
of these two years of memorable la- ards,
bor. appli
An Important Duty.
I But I thin': that you will agree Th
with me that this does not complete ment
)f the toll of our duty. How are we to plea
k carry our goods to the empty markets It
e of which I have spoken if we have It ct
a- not the certain and constant means ansm
e- of transportation upon which all profit- tioni
to able and useful commerce depends? It
at And how are we to get the ships if are
we wait for the trade to develop with- mean
Be out them? that
of -The routes of trade must be actually tice
ar opened-by many ships and regular tion
re sailings and moderate charges-before comn
streams of merchandise will flow free- and
a ly and profitably through them. peal
be Must Open Gates of Trade. ent
sr .Hence the pending shipping bill, tion
ad discussed at the last session, but as gest
he yet passed y neither house. In may To
ar- judgment such legislation is impera- We
er tively needed and can not wisely be thai
be postponed. The government must is r
ng open these gates of trade, and open pie
of them wide; open them before it is to i
is altogether profitable to open them, or in t
45. altogether reasonable to ask private A
i eapital to open them at a venture. nee
. t is not a questi of the government ma
mi monopolizing the eld. It should take wit
antion-t Cake,! 'oCertain. that trans to
ear promptly provid d, even where the the
in carriage is not at first profitable; and hol
we then, when the carriage has become are
em sufficiently profitable to attract and gre
in engage private capital, and engage it gal
ithl in abundance, the government ought wh
who to withdraw. I very earnestly hope pei
om- that the congress will be of this opin- lib
are ion, and that both houses will adopt we
pli this exceedingly important bill. the
hat The great subject of rural credits spi
all still remains to be dealt with, and im
as it is a matter of deep regret that the
ad difficulties of 'the subject have seemed
to render it impossible to complete
a bill for passage at this session. But Nc
it can not be perfected yet, and there. on
of fore there are no other constructive ca
measures the necessity for which I ca
ro- will at this time cal your attention th:
nd to: but I would be negligent of a de
Svery manifest duty were I not to call is
that the attention of the senate to the fact of
dy that the proposed convention for safe- of
n ty at sea awaits its confirmation and th
that the limit fixed in the convention PE
h Itsclf for its acceptance is the last I1
Sdo, da of the present month. al
Charting of Our Coasts.
SThere is another matter of which
d I mrust make special mention, if I am
d to discharge rIy conscience, lest it
shuld escape your atteieption. It may
tseem a very small thing. It affects
only a single item of appropriation.
But many human lives and many
Sof great enterprisaes hang upon it.
ow It Is the matter of making adequate
ro provision for the survey and charting
of our coasts. b
mar- Itis immediately pressing and exi
Sgent in connection with the immense
coast line of Alaska. This is a matter'
Sica which, as I have said, seems small,
sup- but is in reality very great. Its im
e portance has only to be looked into
eato be appreciated.
t Economy Is Urged.
Before I close, may I say a few
words upon two topics, much dis- I
cusped out of doors, upon which it is
highly important that our judgments
should be clear, definite and steadfast.
One of these Is economy in govern
mat ment expenditures. The duty of econ
Sthe omy is not debatable. It s msnlfest
a to and important. In the appropriations
ready we pass we are spending the money
a ft of the great ;people whoie servants
taUI we are-not our own. We are trus
s of tees and responsible stewards In the
a we spending. The only thing debstable
wish and upon which we should be careful
Piee to make our thought and purpose
a e olear is the kind of economy: detnand
hm e4 of s. I asert with the greatest
. o sdaac noe that the people of the
iately lted States are not ealous of the
ij:an aunt th"5ir goverament costs if
thiey are' re that they get what they
musiY aeed and deaire for the outhlm, that
the money is being spent for objects make
of which they approve, and that it is arise.
being applied with good business world
sense and management. to ma
The sort of economy we ought to the si
practice may be effected, and ought to definit
be effected, by a careful study and deed.
assessment of the tasks to be per- Let
formed; and the money spent ought of the
to be made to yield the best possible do.
returns in efficiency and achievement. of nal
And, like good stewards, we should the p
so account for every dollar of our ap- nor ye
propriations as to make it perfectly a citi
evident what it was spent for and in to art
what way it was spent. Amer
It is not expenditure but extrava- custo:
gance that we should fear being criti- provii
cized for; not paying for the legiti- citize
mate enterprises and undertakings of the 1
a great government whose people with
command what it should do, but add- ment;
ing what will benefit only a few or' main
f pouring money out tor what need not We
have been undertaken at all or might and
have been postponed or better and whicl
r more economically conceived and car- valu
Sried out. The nation is not niggardly; vide
e it is very generous. It will chide us makf
,t only if we forget for whom we pay so ii
it money out and whose money it is we it at
s pay. a li1
d These are large and general stand- phys
. ards, but they are not very difficult of more
application to particular cases. more
The Natural Defense. thini
e The other topic I shall take leave to Ame
mention goes deeper into the princi- that
o ples of our national life and policy. shot
ts It is the subject of natio4l defense. by 4
re It cannot be discussed without first sistE
Is answering some very searching ques- own
tions. poli,
s? It is said in some quarters that we also
Sare not prepared for war. What is
h meant by being prepared? It is meant bees
that we are not ready upon brief no
ly tice to put a nation in the field, a na- nati
ar tion of men trained to arms? Of
re course we are not ready to do that;
e- and we shall never be in time of ver
peace so long as we retain our pres- acts
ent political principles and institu- Pro:
1, tions. And what is it that it is sug- say
as gested we should be prepared to do? los
Iy To defend ourselves against attack? bee
r We have always found means to do wi
be that, and shall find them whenever it ver
at is necessary without calling our peo- e
en ple away from their necessary tasks ite
is to render compulsory military service sar
or in times of peace. or
ate Allow me to speak with great plain
ire. ness and directness upon this great
ant matter and to avow my convictions
ike with deep earnestness. I have tried rej
ins- to kno r:, America is, what her me
bie pople TtinK, what they are, what bey
the they most cherish, and hold dear, I nei
and hope that some of their finer passions Bu
nme are in my own heart, some of the of
and great conceptions and desires which
e it gave birth to this government and ful
ght which have made the voice of this be
ope people a voice of peace and hope and a
pin- liberty among the peoples of the na
lopt world, and that, speaking my own p
thoughts, I shall, at least in part, co
dits speak theirs also, however, faintly and
and inadequately, uon this vital matter. re
the 6ar' No Nation. er
lete We are at peace with all the world. el
But No one who speaks counsel based u!
ore- on fact or drawn from a Just and
ive candid interpretation of realities
h I can say that there is reason for fear It
tion that from any quarter our indepen- t
f a dence or the integrity of our territory al
call is threatened. Dread of the power 5
fact of any other nation we are ipcapable V
sae- of. We are not jealous of rivalry in 51
and the fields of commerce or of any other ti
pon peaceful achievement. We mean to c
last live our lives as we will; but we mean P
also to let live. We are, indeed, a I
true friend to all the nations of the 3
world, because we threaten none. 5
ich covet the possessions of none, desire B
am the overthrow of none. Our friend
t t ship can be accepted and is accepted i
may without reservation, because it is of- i
fcts ered in a spirit and for a purpose '
on. which no one need ever question or
suspect. Therein lies our greatness.
We are the champions of peace and
siteof concord. And we should be very
jealous of this distinction which we 1
e have sought to earn. Just now we
e should be particularly jealous of it, I.
e because it is our dearest present hope
ltter that this character and reputation
a im may presently, in God's providence,
into bring us an opportunity to counsel
and obtain peace in the world and
reconciliation and a healing settle
ment of man a matter that has cooled
few and interrupted the friendship of
ies nations. This is the time above all
it others when we should wish and re
meats solve to keep our strength by self-poe
It. session, our inflauence by preserving
vern, our ancient principles of action.
ion. Ready for Defense.
tions From the firat we have had a clear
oney and settled policy with regard to
n ats military establishments. We never
tre. havie had, and while we retain our
i the present principles and ideals we never
table shall have, a large standing army.
areful If asked, are you ready to defend
rpose yourselvest We reply, most asaeured
band- ly, to the utmost; and yet we shall
rtest not ,turn America into a military
f the camp, W~ will not ask our youna
o the men to-spend the best years of their
t s t lives making soldiers of themselves.
t they There is another sort of energy in us.
Sthrt It will know how to declare itself. and
make itself effective should occasion
arise. And especially when half the
world is on fire we shall be careful EII
to make our moral insurance against
the spread of the conflagration very
definite and certain and adequate in
Let us remind ourselves, therefore,
of the only 'thing we can do or will
do. We must depend in every time FIGH1
of national peril, in the future as in TE
the past, not upon a standing army,
nor yet upon a reserve army, but upon
a citizenry trained and accustomed
to arms. It will be right enough, right
American policy, based upon our ac- AFRI
customed principles and practices, to
provide a system by which every
citizen who will volunteer for Franc
the training may be made familiar
with the use of modern arms, the rudi- Whi
ments of drill and maneuver, and the M
maintenance and sanitation of camps.
We should encourage such training
and make it a means of discipline
which our young men will learn to Nei
value. It is right that we should pro- war b
vide it not only, but that we should so b
make it as attractive as possible, and of th
so induce our young men to undergo confll
3 it at such times as they can command All
a little freedom and can seek the of a
l- physical development they need, for carror
f more health's sake, if for nothing thatr
more. Every means by which such here
things can be stimulated is legitimate, lines
and such a method smacks of true
American ideas. It is a right, too, is at
that the National Guard of the states wt
should be developed and strengthened has
by every means which is not incon
sistent with our obligations to our sys
own people or with the established in r,
policy of our government. And this, west
also, not because the time or occasion Nort
Sspecially calls for such measures, but Nort
because it should be our constant pol- all
icy to make tlhese provisions for our have
national peace and afety.that
More than this carries with it a re ters
of versal of the whole history and char- in t
acter of our polity. More than this, and
u proposed at this time, permit me to thir
say, would mean merely that we had.
lost our self-possession, that we had inat
k? been thrown off our balance by a war ab1
do with which he have nothing to do,
whose causes cannot touch us, whose in i
very existence affords us opportun
ities of friendshii 'and disinterested In
service which should make us
ashamed of any thought of hostility hop
or fearful preparation for trouble wah
3at Ships Our Natural Bulwarks. in
le A powerful navy we have always app
regarded as our .proper and natural G
r means of defense; and it has always lead
been of defense that we have thought, an
never of aggression or of conquest. nes
But who shall tell us now what sort
e of navy to build? We shall take leave fic
ch to be strong upon the seas, in the bee
fd future as in the past; and there will
his be no thought of offense or of provo- he
mad cation in that. Our ships are our
the natural bulwarks. When will the ex
awn perts tell us just what kind we should
, construct-and when will they be RE
and right for ten years together, If the
er, relative efficiency of craft for differ. S
ent kinds and uses continues to
rld. change as we have seen it change
ed under our very eyes in these last
and few months? Vol
ties But I turn away, from the subject. vo
fa It is not new. There is no new need ch
pen to discuss it. We shall not alter our en
tory attitude toward it because some ci
wer amongst us are nervous and excited. i
ble We shall easily and sensibly agree
in asuch a policy of defense. The que- ad
her tion has not changed its aspects be- ba
Sto cause the times are not normal. Our to
sn policy will not be for an occasion. u
d, a- It will be conceived as a permanent s
theand settled thing, which we will pur.
me, sue at all seasons, without haste and a
esire after a fashion perfectly consistent a
end- with the peace of the world, the abid- fr
pted ing friendship of states, and the un- he
Sof- hampered freedom of all with whom ti
pose we deal. Let there be no misconcep- sI
or tion. The country has been misin.
ness. formed. We have not been negligent ti
and of national defense. We are not un- g
ery mindful of the great responsibility
Swe resting upon us. We shall learn and
Swe profit by the lesson of every experi
f it, ence and every new circumstances;
hope and what is needed willibe adequately
atlon done.
lene, Great Duties of Peace.
nsel I close, as I began, by reminding
andyou of the great tasks and duties of E
ttle peace which challenge our best pow
oled ers and invite us to build what will
pof last, the tasks to which we can address
re all ourselves now and at all times the
ad - freehearted zest and with all the fin
i-pos est gifts of constructive wisdom we
ring possesl To develop our life and our
resources; to supply our own people,
and the 'people cf the world as their
lear need arises, from the abundant plenty
r to of our fields and our marts of trade;
never to enrich the commerce of our own
nour state and of the world with the prod
never ucts of our mines, our farms, and our
rmy. factories, with the creations of our
efead thought and the fruits of our chara-c
inred- ter--thi is what will hold our atten
shall tion and our enthusiasm steadily, now
iltary and in the years to come, as we stri!ve
yng to show in our life as a nation what
their liberty and the inspirations of an
rela. emancipated spirit may do for men
In up. and for societies, for individuals, for
l.. an states, and for mankind.
Y- ,
rd t·L "
A.ua- I A·
ktes Eu Mauftlo a year.
'Mzw e tie. ashotpPr plag!.
s ent Waters, Us the
f eas
.t tft
arge shallow tank is conatractd!
wISeh has wings of sitvanahed Iron
The tank It illed witk kerosena The I
naIvrMi thin stoat the drive threj.or I
.fit anile awai and close ints gadual' 1
l, the graphOPpes 'bitoce 1
' Em tin the task. The sehosac.' ,I
ý~ p)ri s d a a t sentto mar I
S Russian Woman Martyrs
Mrs. Catherine BresbkOvs$y, known
c as "Baboushks,' or grandUothet to
a the Ruasian, has been ordered to
1. some point on the artio dcrcle, after
a harna b imprIsond a. Ifrtak f or
- tjyIng o ,escape. Sh5 is seventy year
old @ a was sen nieed to #he life of
c; tI b la term sar I s -
d asl . evr a years a.. go d
r 'mMud jctate tour of the United
-}YI IJ -,
fice hei
"In t
has bb
France Plans to Call 300,000 Youths the toi
Who Are Liable to Service in 1916. pachh
Military Training Will Be Be- to rep
gun in March. Berl
New York.-At no time since the by En
war began has the veil of secrecy been The
so closely drawn over the operations In
of the armies of the theaters of the the e
conflict. vance:
Although it is known that fighting "In
of a vicious character is still being point
carried on in the eastern zone, and taken
that there have been isolated combats regim
here and there along the entrenched ser's
lines in Belgium and France, nothing two o
is at hand to show how the fortunes my's
Sof war are being distributed. Lo
"At no place along the entire front cation
has there been any notable incident," nent i
says the Paris official communication that
in referring to the situation in the been
I west. Of the trend of events in the doubt
east, Vienna declares the fighting in tempt
: North Poland continues, but that in Thers
all other zones quiet prevails. mans
r Unofficial advices say the Russians on tb
have been victorious in Poland, aid ing 0
that the Germans have lost large num
bers of men. One report has it that mand
in the fighting between the Vistula Fren'
and Warthe the Germans los two- ed.
thirds of their army.
France is soon to call up fo'r exam
ination 300,000 of her youths who are
liable to service in 1916. Their mili
tary training probably will be begun CZA
e in March and they will be ready for
service in July. Are
ed In the Italian parliament the state- A
ment of a deputy in a speech that he
t hoped soon to see the Italian tri-color
waving from the Tower of St. Justus La
in Thieste, brought forth thunders of in t
as pplause. cant
Gen. Christian De Wet, the rebel with
leader in South Africa, has beef placed inte
ht, under guard in the fortress at Johan- twoe
t nesburg. the
rt The Swiss federal council, in an of- Al
ficial communication, says there has ed e
the been renewed activity by the French thei
will and German forces in upper Alsace. proc
The Austrian- general, Von Stutter- The
helm, is reported to have been killed hea
ex in battle. Wie
uld fort
the Cra
er' Sooialists WIll Vote for New War Via
to Loan, Which Will Not Be loated intt
ge Until the Spring.
last Berlin.-The reichetag will meet to froi
vote a war credit of $1,250,000,000. Dr. Lo
lect. von Bethmann-Hollweg, the imperial bor
eed chancellor, conferred with party lead- pro
our ers, explaining the military and finan- nit
me cial situation. He first received so- co
Lted. cialist leaders.
ree It is expected the war credit will be hal
le s adopted unanimously and without de- Lo
be bate. The government does not in- a
Our tend to raise the new loan forthwith, fr
so and probably will not do ao until e
eat spring.
pu* Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg, istl
and speaking to the reichstag committee, ey
itent said the military situation on both lo1
abid fronts was wholly favorable, but that in
unf he wished to defer further explana- ru
rhom tions until the meeting of the reich- G
nep stag. He said he hoped the reichstag a
Isin* would vote the loan unanimously, as th
Igent this would encourage the troops to the si
t ul greatest energy. cc
atel Kaiser and Czar Are at the Front With
Armles-King George Is In
London.-The battle in Northern
ding Poland is being fought out under the e
e of eyes of the German emperor on the b
pow- one side and the Russian emperor on
Swill the other. These two monarchs left
Idress for the front so that virtually the
Sthe heads of all the nations at war are e
e An- with their troops.
i we The king of England is in France; a
L our the king of Belgium, as usual, is spend- u
ople tug all his time with his soldiers, while r
their President Polnecire of France has 1
plent gone for another visit to the northern
rade; battlefield.
r own Omicial news from Poland continues 1
prob anty and with both headquarters
our claiming successes it is impossible to
our say how the battle is gIong. Of its
karao intensity, however, there can be no
e doubt.
strive British Subjects Interned.
what Amsterdam.-All male British sub
o a, jects up to age 65, who arre still in
r men Brussels, the Amsterdam Hamdeliblad
s, for says, have been interned in a military
eoncentration camp.
Curtail Liquor Trafflc.
. Winnepeg, Manitoba.-Premier Sir
nown Rodman Robin announced in a long
hr to statement that the Manitoba govern
to ment had decided to take drastic ac
tfter tion for crtaing the liquor trafle
Ltsk for 4w'lg. the was period
Sof Austrtine Ropuled.
SPus.--A violnt attack by the Au.
S** trians on t.he Uenrp ftbnt, t-nning
Da uted truan vulta to :ljon, along the
aiver itjid In Notiw5stern! Servia,
Two Alsatian Towns Taken by Allies.
Blowing Up of La Grurie Reported.
Kaiser's Troops W'
Paris.-The following oi 1 com
munication was issued by t, ar of.
fice here:
"In Belgium a violent bor. ent l NEGRO
of Lamperrnisse, west of Dixn. °has M.
taken place.
"In the Argonne region the '7I
has blown up by a mine the a. 4
northwest of the forest of La Gr oa WHOL
On the whole we are developing
progress on that part of the front. .,
"In Alsace our troops have '"k
the towns of Aspach-Le-Ha'"t ~.~ ne o
pach-Le-Bas, southeast of Tiha.u. OA anc
the rest of the front there is nothing
to report."
Berlin.-The German ujficial s~ate
ment claims the capture of a strong Western
French position in the Argonne forest Shre'
e by Emperor William's own regiment. bie Le
SThe text of communication reads: e e
s "In the western theater of the war negroe
.e the enemy made insignificant ad- Gently
vancess, which were checked. miles
g "In the forest of Argonne, a strong mornir
,g point of support of the enemy was murde
Ld taken by the Wurttemberg infantry years
is regiment No. 120, his majesty, the kai years,
td ser's own regiment. On this occasion e bisr
ig two officers and about 300 of the ene- robbin
9 my's troops were made prisoners."
London.--While there is every indil and
at cation that another big battle is immi- build
nent in the west, there is no evidence Inft
)n that it actually has begun. There has fc
he been fighting in Flanders, but this is an inf
ie doubtless the result of the allies' at- fean i
in tempt to take advanced positions. two i
in There also are reports that the Ger- trees
mans have evacuated several villages and
ns on the Yser canal and are concentrat conve
ad ing on new positions. young
. The British have taken over com- of the
mat and of the Yser region, and, like the Hicks
ila French, have been strongly re-enforo- his
ed. It is believed that on the first a
sign of a German movement to the were
n- east in considerable force the allies
ire will take the offensive in the west. dence
for crime
Are Reported to Be Mounting Guns at saves
Lte- Wielicaka-New Battle In Pland ly ac
he Going On. pear'
or - it w
tus London.-With the lull in the battle been
of in the west, which has become a heavy aged
cannonade at widely separated points, the
bel with only occasional infantry attacks, der,
ced interest centers in -e struggle be- fieal
a- tween the Russiatis and Germans in the I
the east. man
of- At last the Russians have approach- Flou
has ed within firing distance of Cracow, the
nch their advance from Przemysl having in (
proceeded without any real check. wro
ter- They were reported to be mounting Crin
heavy batteries around the town of the
Wieliczka, and from which the outer Lew
forts of Cracow can be reached. ha
)IT Important as this is-for the fall of her
Cracow would lay open the roads to mur
War Vienna, Breslau and Berlin--the main
ad interest in the east continues to rest
with the operations on the irregular F
t to front from Czenstochowa through the
Dr. Lods and Lowicz to the East Prussiah ly
rial border. Official pronouncements as to cbe
ad progress here are sarded and indefi- t
man- nite, and it is difficult to arrive at a
so- conclusion as to the cotrse of events.
It is apparent, however, that a new Is
i be battle has developed southwest of ou
t de- Lods, where the Germans have formed
In a new line with fresh forces brought
with, from Kalisec and are again trying to
upntl penetrate the Russian center.
The Russians, too, have had timeto toel
weg, straighten out their line and, in the Mh
ttee, eyes of the allies, another battle fol- thl
both lowing so closely that just concluded C
that in this ..region must help in the long
lana- run, for, it is argued, win or lose, the
eich- Germans must be further weakened
hatag and, in addition, soon will have to turn
Ly, as their attention to the Russian often- c
L the sive against Silesia and around Cra-i
cow. it
With Declaration of Self-Defense is Made
by French Ministry in Yellow
Book Just Issued.
thern Paris.-The French ministry of for- b
r the eign affairs made public a yellow book
n the bearing on the causes of the present
or on war. This French volume is much
Sleft more complete than the publications
Sthe of this nature given out up to the pres
r are ent time by other governments.
The French report has 218 pages
ance; and comprises no fewer than 160 doc
spend- uments. It is devoted primarily to a
while recital of the negotiations which fol
e has lowed the delivery of the Austrian
rthern note to Servia (July 28, 1914), and on
France (Aug. 3, 1914). It is brought
atne to a close by the reproduction of the
urters declaration of the triple entente pow
bble to ers that Great Britain, Russia and
Of its France would not conclude peace sep
be no arately.
i Big Victory Claimed.
h sub- Berlin.-It is officially reported
still from Vienna that the Russian defeat
elablad in the battle of Homonna, Hungary,
p$litary 80 miles northwest of Unghvar, was
greater than at first supposed.
Demands Naval Bam.
Chriestr a --Enland has demanded
IS from Norway, for use as a naval base,
on the city and harbor of dhristiansand,
gotern- on the southern coast of Norway, such
rti c- se to continue only durlag the war.
t This emand has been refused by the
Norwegian government, and prepara
tions are being made to defend itr
!unning Danis( Steamer Sunk by Mine.
on othe London,-The Danish steamer Mary
S iof Ebsferg sas unk by a mieine in the
ci North Sea. Her crew of 14 took to
k v;~l~~~,~i:.~ ;.. ;;. i-' r:· ,· ·,r
ne of the Negroes Involved Released
and Another Lodged in Jail at
Western Newspanpr Unonn News Servh.i
Shreveport.-Following a confession
of murder, robbery and arson by Jo
bie Lewis and Elijah Durden, young
negroes, aged 20 and 19 years, re
spectively, at Hicks Crossroads (re
cently termed Sylvester, La.), five
miles beyond Greenwood, Wednesday
morning, they were hanged for the
murder of Charles M. Hicks, aged 61
years, a life-long resident of Caddo
parish. The blacks had beaten out
the brains of their victim, and, after
robbing the body, covered it with oil
and set it afire. This also fired the
building, which was used as a store
and postoffice by deceased.
Infu riated white people, learning of
is the foul crime about daybreak, made
an investigation which led to the con
fession of Lewis and Durden. The
two were. taken to a nearby grove of
trees by a party of about 125 whites
and 30 negroes and hanged from a
convenient limb. Kane McKnight, a
n, young negro lad, who had knowledge
of the plot to murder and rob Mr.
Hicks, disclosed the frightful plans of
his associates to to he citizens who
were making an investigation of the
crime, and the lad was permitted to
go in return for turning state's evi.
Watkins Lewis, uncle of one of the
W negroes who paid for his share of the
crime at the hands of the mob, was
at saved from a similar fate by the time
ly action of Sheriff Flournoy, who ap
peared on Wednesday morning after
it was learned that Mr. Hicks had
tle been foully slain. Lewis, who is an
.vy aged darkey, assisted Mr. Flour . $p
t, the investigation following the ;,
ks, der, and at that time satisfied t''pf
be- fcial that he had ngthing to do w'f
in the actual murder of Hicks. The old
man was brought to the city by Mr
,ch. Flourrioy, however, and locked up in
w, the parish prison. The white people
iag in Greenwood and vicinity were so
ick. wrought up over the outrageous
ing trime that it was deemed best to get .
of the old man out of the way. Qne of
,ter Lewis' daughters is later alleged to
have made a confession implicating .
of her father as the prime mover in the
to murder plot.
rest Big Estate Left to Charity.
Franklin.-Archbishop Bleak is left .
the bulk of an estate valued at neap
mias ly $100,000, which he is to devote to
to cbaritable purposes, according to the
def- terms of the will of Miss Carolane
at a Lefort, admitted to probate by Judge
ts T. M. Milling. Father J. H. Trainor
w is made testamentary executor witl
Sof out bond.
g Promises Free Mall Route.
*ght Hammond, La.--Postmaster M. C.
Sto Wilson of this city is in receipt of a
eto telegram from Congressman L I.
the Morgan, at Washington, stating that
fol- the Post Office Department has de c
tded cided to establish free mail delivery
long in Hammond, March 1, 1915.
ened Bonds on Excess Revenue.
turn Lake Charles.-The police jury
)ien- bonded the excess revenue of the paP,
Cra ish for a period of ten years, and will i
issue cretificate of indebtedness in
the sum of $300,000 to pay for the
construction of a bridge over the
IFE calcasieu river and the fillng in of r :
gaps in the highway system.
Made Young Woman Is Drowned.
W Slireveport.-While returning to
So her home on horseback, Miss EIlla.
book beth Palmer, 19 years old, daughteot
e of William Palmer, superintendent eof
c the Southwestern Gas and Electrie
ations Company, was thrown into a ditch
and, presumably stunned by the fall,
re was drowned in a few inches of
10 doc In Interest of Good Reads.
Sto a Alexandria.-The Alexandria Chain.m
bh er of Commerce has selected a comn
on mittee of local citizens to go before
nd on the police jury at its special session on
oufht December 14 In the interest of the
Sothe good roads proposition, to be take
u and p by that body.
Near Beer Law Invalid.
Shreveport--Judge T. F. Bell of
the Caddo District Court, in sustainr
inga motion to.quash in a ease
Dorted against Lee George, decided that the
defeat new Louisiana State near-beer law,
kary, onrn as Act No. 21, is nncomstltn
r, was tional in part.
Suffers its First Defeat.
bShreveport.-The Shrevepo Atb
letic Basketball team suffered its rst
ansand, defeat of the season Monday night,
m' such when the Centenary oollege five de.
e war. teated the Athletes, 36 to It
by the
end £ Call in Convicts Off Roads.
Amlte.--In accordance with a re
cent order of the police jury, the ps
ine. ish prisoners were called in off road
r Mary work, and were confined in Jail until
einthe other dliposition can be miade
took to them.

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