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VOL. IV NATCHITOCHES, LA., JULY 1. 1898. N. 43
_e r . . . . . . .. . . . . .. - - - - - - - - - ~ ~ ·· r - - . . . . ,,
PROPOSED WAY OUT.
"HOLT" RECOMMENDS BUILD
ING PUBLIC RAILWAYS.
A Pollcy Dellrned to Break Up the
Monopoly of the Present Railway
System and Create Good Times-Is a
There is but one practicable way
by which we can make a halt on our
road to utter ruin, civil war and mili
tary despotism and begin a reform that
will eventuate in other desirable re
forms. That one way is for us to force
our governments, state or national, to
begin the building of transcontinental
railroads, paying for the work and
equipments with stock or greenbacks
made receivable for all transportation
by rail. In this way the roads could
be completed and in running condi
tion without one dollar of debt. The
English people built and operated
roads for years by issuing stock in
payment without one dollar in money.
They built roads, says Lord Beacons
fleld in an extensive note to a chapter
of Endymion, to an amount equal to
the national debt of Great Britain, and
carried it on in a very reckless, un
systematic manner. With greenbacks
made receivable for all government
dues and debts, and a limited issue of
stock receivable for railroad services,
there could not be a dollar of lebt
left Soon after the completion of the
roads This policy would soon break
up the monopoly of the present rail
road system and would create good
times. To purchase their old roads
would be a wrong. The companies have t
so burdened the old roads with debt
and fraudulent issues that they can
u.>ser be purchased. If we wait and
kesp preaching for the referendum and
S gle tax, etc., all good and absolutely
wcieeary reforms, it will take so long
that one of two things must occur:
F3rst, all the present and growing evils
Will concentrate such a power in the
hands of a few persons who are now
secretly preparing to act that the
masses, will be virtually enslaved.
Thase fqw have the power of the gov
* erflltl their own hands-the army.. C
the uisvy, and swarms of hirelings. t
Tht Will within the next ten years, a
ih fact they must absorb so much k
land that their tenants and laborers f
Will add to this army a force great ti
u th to keep down "the eneniles of U
laa " i rder, the sttikers, anar- e
b us and Socialists," as they call
. Uwho do not belong to them. A
.f l violence wil give them the ex
=" tre-enact the Chicago anarchist
and the Lattimer massacre in
ever state. 'This will put an end by
Wr8 - to all thought of resistance-
•fa contiary to the general belief, it
" Ian easy thing to enslave a people
b tenor. This is what will prob- ra
a'bIy occur, as the trend of events th
S.But it, on the other hand, enough
a itho people, desperate under the in
-t4etiabe buirdens of labor, will rise up
,r'" eilM war, with its tInevitabe
despoism, will follow.
owr ay, before our war, it had
Sbeen ia empromise by purehase of
slavmead pretsent the war. But none a
-hardly would listen to that one only
S-olution. If " comparatively easy
?ow it io i people to unite and force dr
++ wtot to begin this one reform
, p-t) ( all the horrors that are d
- i'tfkl Pton us. Why will this one
t;a~hi t~ this? $imply because the ow
bipi ~m .of the stils stsr on the
PseUWioo:potiy and the monej r mo- co
SThei monopoly of moaney ast
t: g '; ipsaveiueh enornlouswealth,
~ i tpr onwa a z'aflroad-an in
ii one, Out of the
grew the Standard
d a oft of .it has grown
bVV,a.eant to so
R. puela th e very
-m l,'! . ........... mV
II II -aaktb,. 3
1 against the spiritual authority of the
* Pharisees and priests, but against their
greed, their robbery and their hypoc
D- risy. It was because he denounced
the rich who robbed them that "the
common people heard him gladly." It
was because he preached of "social
the conditions radically wrong" that the
way rulers hated him. "Hath any of the
s a Pharisees or the rulers believed on
this fellow?" asked they scornfully of
the officer who hesitated to arrest
Jesus. "But the people are mad." "If
we let him alone," said the conserva
our- tive Pharisees in council, "all men
will believe on him and the Romans
re- shall come and take away both our
ree place and nation." Why? Because he
to taught obnoxious religious doctrine?
tal "Look ye to that; for I will be no
ad judge of such matters," said the proud
as Roman. Why then? Simply because
ion he taught obnoxious political and so
cial doctrines. That is why Jesus was
adi- tried and crucified, and that is why
e he was accused and hounded by the
ted Pharisees and scribes and lawyers and
in priests and rulers-the conservatives-i
the Mark Hannas, the Rockefellers,
the Goulds, the Morgans, the Pills
ter burys and the like sort of his day.
to They, indeed, accused him of blas
nd phemy and impiety at his preliminary
and trial before their own tribunal. But
u-s that was a mere farce, as the narrative
shows. When the ecclesiastical mum
mery was done with, the prisoner was
of hurried to the Roman judgment seat,
ebt where alone lay the power of life and
he death, and there condemned as an en
eak emy to Caesar, a disturber of the
il- peace, an agitator, crank and "pesti
lent fellow." The "common people"
Dod the Bryan anarchists of the day
heard him gladly and loved him. But
et they were powerless to help or to save
him. And amid the congratulations
no of all the conservatives in Jerusalem
nd be was dragged before a Roman tri
bunal, tried for being a pestilent dis
Sturbe of the peace, convicted and
crucified. That is the story of the
ir. trial of Jesus Christ.-Phil Francis in
he The Gentleman from Mars.
ed. In the course of his journeying on
IC the earth, the gentleman' from Mars
ly. came to a great and wonderful coun
9 try. Through it majestic rivers ran,
s, and its soil, stretching away for un
ch known leagues, was of remarkable
rs fertility. Here he wandered for a
at tim Phistling "After the Ball" softly
rf to I elf, when he met a citizen of
r- earth, whose face was very sad.
11 "Mornin'," said the Martian.
x- "What's the matter?"
In "Why don't you eat?" f
by "No money."
"Work and get some." t
it "Can't get none." t
e "Work on this great tract of land; c
b- raise wheat, corn, potatoes-all such
s things. See?"
"The owner won't hire me."
h "The WHAT?"
- "Owner won't hire me."
p "What's the owner-' c
e "Why, them as that owns It" a
"Does one man own this land?" a
t "Of course."
f "Well, I'll be blo- Say, didn't God p
make this land?"
S "I've heard so."
"Didn't he make it for all his chil
dren, that they might live?"
S"I-I've heard so-I guess so-I
"How does it happen that one man "
owns it all?"
"Why, the law gives It to him, of
t"Who makes the law?" a
"We do, of course." I
S "Who's we?" t
- "Why, the voters; me and the rest
or us-the sovereign people."
"And you make laws giving one man
a great fertile tract of land like this.
twhich he can let lie idle if he chooes,,
while- you beg for work and starve for
"Would you Idndly take off Four hat
adl.kt me see the shape of your head?"'
na4' the gentleman from Mar ocut
.the aehor of bhis airship anid siled
SlWay, t peating "What foolsl thesre
mortals be!"-Dr. George W. Carey,~
f San mte Crus Speotater.
Outrktals. Pseals. Waa
Benator Foraker does not favor a
wrr plcy *riOh reludes aghung ,
asie eeti apwressed himself thus:
,"iDey. did *hat should have been
' Cba nroaths ago. The'war
.heud have been won by tis
Zt. m ka; .e hiioked a great mpany bf
o r tista~ ~ 'war advisers when thy ,
e an e wish to +ommunicat .
ra ustl i after 6e coe ui
iIh*Ipl0as 'woEui be lIs
i,3tutf with it h uais a for instroi- a
~ri-h W~tWW ~t hre th
th THE WAYS AND MEANS
wed OF WAGING THE WAR FOR
it CUBAN LIBERTY.
the It Is Entirely Unnecessary to Mortgage
the the Industries of the Country to the
Ol Bond Sharks or to Excessively Tax
r of Labor.
'va. This fight for the freedom of Cuba
aen is a people's fight. The interest-eat
ann ing, bondholding class opposed it be
our cause they care nothing for human
he liberty and because their pecuniary in
ne? terests are on the side of plutocratic
no government in Cuba and elsewhere.
use Since they could not prevent the war
so- they have insisted that it should be
was waged at the expense of the poor and
rhy to the profit of the plutocrats. Taxes
the are to be increased on the necessities
tnd of the people, but no additional burdens
s-- shall be levied upon the luxuries of the
ire, rich or upon the enormous incomes of
1ls- the millionaires and trusts. And we
ay. must provide further for the war fund
as- by issuing bonds upon which the peo
ary ple will have to pay interest for gen
im- If we now had a really popular gov
ras ernment no such schemes would win.
'at, If submitted to a vote of the people
,nd there would be ain overwhelming ma
mn" jority in favor of an income tax, and
he the issuance of war greenbacks, in
iti- stead of taxes upon labor and inter
- est-bearing war bonds. Let the voters
r- pass upon the two propositions at the
lut polls next November. We appeal from
ive the plutocrats at. Washington to the
ans patriots in their homes.
ri- The well-known reform writer, Celia
is- B. Whitehead, writes to the Twentieth
nd Century of the "popular loan" hum
he bug, as follows:
in "A certain journal in this city has
for years, whenever the men with
money have decided that the United
States of America must issue bonds,
on cried out for a 'popular loan;' by which
is it means 'bonds from $50 up offered to
n. all the people.'
n, "The writer of these 'popular loan'
n- editorials must know that there is no
le sense in the idea. I asked a young
a 'college man this morning, 'How many
ly people do you know who have $50 in
of spare change?' and he replied, 'I don't
know as I know any, only those who
have a great deal more!' And that is
Just the fact in the case. A five hun
dred million dollar loan means an I
awful burden on those who have not, I
for the benefit of those who have '
money to take it up. I doubt if taking .a
the country through, one person in a t
thousand can invest in a $50 bond. To t
1; call such a thing a 'popular loan' can ,
h have but one object and that is to de- g
ceive the people and keep them quiet e
while they are being robbed. t
"We want no bonds at all. Let us a
have greenbacks; not those with an a
exception clause, but 'receivable for
all dues, public and private,' and not
any 'we promise to pay,' 'endless chain' a
attachment. It we as a government
d promise to receive it, it is enough. a
What the government wants is some
thing with which to enable those it
employs, either as soldiers, manufac
turers or what not, their services to
Sexchange for food, clothing, manufac
turing materials, etc. That is all it
a will get by selling bonds."
S The Grand Rapids Chronicle says:
"It is proposed to tax- the producers
and consumers for war purposes to
the extent of $110,000,000. A moderate m
tax levied upon the incomes of our
multi.millionairues would realize a -t
ficient sum without heaping addition- in
Sal burdens upon the common people,"
War financierinlg in the interest of or
the financiers Is thus described by the
Santa Crus Sirt: of
"When a government issues a bond
for $1,000, to ran thirty years at 5
per cent, it attaches to that bolid $1,500 i
in coupons. The issue of a bond then Ca
for $1,000 at once preates an obligation
for $2,500, becauna the government
debt includes the body of the bonds
with the coupons attached. Carry this W
up into higher flSgares, and for every
$1,000,000 the government will . ob- ph
tain, it issues obligatfons for $2,500,000. 1st
"Assuming that a war with Spalin it
will cost P,000,0~0000, i order to ob- ne
taln that amount of money the goy- br
.eminent mnust. fee .ss obligations vs
amounting to $2,5000,000. abi
"These bonds are always purchased o'
by the rich. They are exempt from l
taxation, and inelutiding this exemp- I
"lon, they Ipty thU highest lnterest, tu
whet' the oharam te, of the security is
coutis1egd t*iIt Ito known,, For ex- Ph
'zmpie, lt n"pa ali· where the dir
rite p 43%, feclying stte, me
cauasty ai d o vo t l taxation, the are
zae alioin qergaed to add Sf per cent -
to the Pet) etlt wiieh the oer~miaent th
."Let it ttibebred tha thea.. l
beo otthe cG tirs i plsa th* qost of
their taees tohep rato bti'3wj otta
Spenses and raises the percentage of
profit to meet it.
"War means that the poor will do
OR the fighting, make all the sacrifices of
life, endure all the hardships which
I was necessarily entails, and at the last
pay the entire cost."
the The Silver Knight-Watchman saysi
Taz "Above all, do not allow the money
power to enslave us while we are
fighting a foreign foe. Bonds mean a
golden yoke around the necks of the
iba American people."
Ian PROSPERITY NOTES.
Ltic The men interested in the wall paper
trust, says a daily paper, held.a secret
meeting in Philadelphia on the 5th
rar and arranged to bring up their profits
be to $6,000,000 this year.
ces Most of the employes of the Park
ies hill gingham mills at Fitchburg, Mass.,
ns are on a strike because of a reduction
he in wages of from 5 to 8 per cent. More
of than 1,000 hands are out.
nd Representatives of about 50 knit
,o ting goods mills, the center of which
i,. ndustry is Troy, N. Y., and surround
ing towns, met and formed a trust,
capitalized at $30,000,000. All buying
iv- of material and selling of the finished
In. product will be done through one cen
ýle tral office in New York city.
nd Weavers and spinners at Taftville,
n- Conn., quit work. Reduction of 10 per
)r cent in wages the cause.
he Dispatches in the daily press of the
m 19th announce that the wire trust has
he made a cut of 33 per cent in the wages
of the ten thousand men it employs In
its fourteen factories. And there is
ia also a strike of the coal miners at
th Altoona, Pa.
Washington, Ind., miners are ap.
as pealing for aid; they have been on
th strike for many months. Miners of
id Warrenton, 0., are also asking for aid
is, in behalf of the Kelly miners, who
h have been on strike for a number of
to weeks. In the Monongahela river.min.
ing district, near Pittsburg, about 3,000
n are on a strike to force the use of the
t one and a quarter inch screen, which
wg ould give them an advance of about
y nine cents per ton. All miners are
n requested to keep away from Hills.
t boro, IIl. They are out on strike there.
18 The Gears Have Made Their Mark.
- f it were possible to resurrect a
n Winthrop or a Hancock from the old
t, King's Chapel graveyard, and to show
'e him the wealth and glitterisg splen
tg dor of Boston, it would be impossible
a to convince the bewildered Puritan
0 that in the midst of such Iicalculable
n riches the dark spectre of poverty was
still permitted to exist. When it was
it explained to him that over-produc
tion was the cause of want, and that
all the improvements of machinery
" and organization of industry had only
r made It more difficult for the average
man to exist, he would exclaim in
amazement, "Take me back to the
graveyard, for truly this is a wicked
and perverse generation."
In 1845 Mr. Carey, the political
economist, described this state of ours
S "In Massachusetts all have property
t and invest their surplus upon their
own posseslsions. Every man lives on
his own farm and in his own house.
SHe works in his own shop, or may ii
he wishas. He drives his own horsme
sails his own boat, or works in the a
mill of which he is part owner."
tf this account be true there were at
that time no social or industrial classes
in Massachusetts, but fifty changeful
years have made their mark upon this
state since then. Only, 22 per cent of
our citizens own their homes clear of
nidebtedness to-day. Giant organisms
of production have been developed& and
specially favored by legislation, until
from all our larger industries comp.
titien has been eliminated.-iobert N.
A Ene Pioee or 8tupiditydl.
Now that the 'Philadelphia water
wprks have been turned over to a pri- s
vate corporation, it Is found that the so
plant failed to pay because the capital.
1ets paid the city officials to manage h
it so that it would be a losing busi
ness. That done, the city cotincil was
bribed to turn the plant over to a pri- to
vate company. Nothing can be done m
about it, however. The people, swindled
oit of their property, must now pay a
high tax to the thieves who stole It
It that isn't a fine piece of asinine
stupidity there never was any. Yet
If a petition was circulated among the
Philadelphia euckers to provide for
direct legislation 'in the city govern- Jo
ment they wdild say that the "people
are ·not ready for it," and "that it
twoldn't work." If they like the way
the presnt system works, they ougtht
to "Set It Int the neck." It's a good
ltqan tr an one who likes that kind
• a *stem.-~Comlnt Nation,
' bi6w havei thgt " ben in Kansus
sihtrde. it 7w o t?b*wel',, weC
J*1qe4 rmr "une
Services at the Methodist church
every First and Third Sundays at 11
5. m. and 7:30 p. m., by the pastor,
Rev. H. Armstrong. Prayer meeting
every Wednesday night at 7:30 o'clock.
BarPrsT-M. E. Weaver, pastor.
Regular services, Second and Fourth
Sundays at 11 a. m. and 8 p. m.; Sun
day school, 10 a. m.; prayer meeting,
Wednesday, 8 p. m. All invited.
Phoenix Lodge No. 38, A. F. & A.
M.-Simooe Walmaley, W. M.; J. 0.
Triohel Jr., Bee. Meets First and
Third Wednesdays at 7 p. m.
Castle Hall No. 89, Knights of Pyth
ias.-U. P. Breazeale, C. C.; Adolph
L'Herisson, K. of B. & S. Meets
Second and Fourth Thursdays at 8
Criminal Term-First Mondays in
June and December.
First Mondays in March and Octo
First Mondays in April and Novem
A. E. Lnza. J. B. TuaExn
LEMEE & TUCKER,
eneral Insurance, Land Agents, liotaries Public
ABSTRACTS OF TITLES A SPECIALTY.
Represent FIDELITY COMPANIES. cooet,, d am k ,e·or es on all
Office, Opposite Court House.
Establilhed In 1889
General Insurance Agency.
U. P. BREAZEALE,
[Successor to Alexander, Hill & Breazeole.]
Represents FirstGClass Companies in Life and Fire Insurance
Representing also the United States Fidelity & Guaranty Company,
of Baltimore, for Bonds and Securities.
Prompt Attention to Business. ::: Country Business a Specialty
Office on St. Dennas Street, NATCHITOCHHS, LA.
Call on me before plaolng your I unsuranoo Elsowhere.
U. P. Breazeale,
STATE NORMAL SCHOOL
AINTAINED by the State of Louisiana for the training of teachers,
Affords thorough preparation for the profession of teaching; full
course of academid study; practical training in the art of teaching;
one year of daily practice in model schools, under guidance of skilled training
teachers. Class work exemplifies the best of modern thought in matter and
method of instruction. Diploma entitles graduate to teach in any public
school in Louisiana without examination.
Four large buildings, thoroughly equipped; beautiful grounds of one
hundred acres; most healthful location in the South. Faculty of dfteen'
trained instructors; 482 students last year. Tuition free to students who
teach one year after graduation; total necessary expense for session of eight
Thirteenth annual session began October 4, 1897.
For eatalogue write to
B, C. CALD WELL, President.
Joux M. Tuouas, President. D. C. ScAaBonover , Secretiiry.
Joan A. BABIow, Treasurer and General Manager.
GIVANOVICH OIL CO.,
.... Manufacturers and Dealers in all kiunds of,...
COTTON : SEED: PRODUCT'S'
'AT A RITOCi. A. '
Dr. C. Scaborough. H. M.Carv er
SCARBOROUGH & CARVER,
ATTORNEYs AT LAw,
NATCHITOCHES, - LOUISIANA,
Will practice in the District Courts in
the Parishes of Natchitoches, Red
River and Sabine, and in the Supreme
Court of Louisiana, and the U. S. Dis.
trict and Circuit Courts for the West.
ern District of Louisiana. 1 17 ly.
C. H. PROTHRO,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
NATCHITOCHES, - LOUISIANA.
Diseases of Women and
Children a Specialty.
Office on St. Dennis Street.
SAMUEL J. IENRY,
ATToRNEY AT LAW,
Will practice in all the State and Fed,