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Subscription $1.00 Per Year. There is No Free Country, Unless the People Rule.
VOL. V. NATCHITOCHES, LA., DECEMBER 2. 1898.
LABOR AND INDUSTRY Y
SOME ITEMS OF INTEREST TO to
UNION WORKMEN. de
the Modern Typewriter Industry-Some
Labor in Germany Extremely Poorly as
Rewarded-General Notes Pertaining m
to Labor. at
A Song and a Sigh. $1
in summer skies what castles grew bl
Along the shores of the ocean blue!
low many a fleet of fancies fine t
Pull rigged went sailing down the line! bh
( wait upon this weary strand sc
Looking for them,- but they were manned
By phantoms in a gay disguise
that fitted well-in summer skies. w
rhose summer skies were blessed seas
Dt sweet, mysterious, wind-kissed ease.
Sometimes I float thro' later dreams
Above the mean, unworthy schemes
for daily bread, upon the tide
Where early hopes were trimmed and
And often, to my glad surprise, bi
they're anchored-in those summer skies. oi
tome summer skies were painted gray
bome portion of a troubled day. et
Twas just a misty, tear-stained veil, hi
brawn where a laughing hope would sail. Mj
But now the veil hangs over all
A dismal, dreary, somber pall
rho' now and then my tired eyes 01
Find sunsets in some summer skies.
In summer skies of long ago
t'he pictures caught a heavenly glow; ti
and those I brought away are bright a
With an untarnished, precious light.
it pleases me to hang them here,
With other treasures old and dear, b
in my small bit of paradise- G
My windowful of summer skies.
-George E. Bowen, in The Chicago Re
A Great Modern Industry. e
One of the new and important Amer- t
lean industries that has grown up dur- e
Ing the last twenty years, along with $
the telephone, the bicycle, and the1
amateur's camera, is that of the type- 0
writer. In 1880 the aggregate capital
Invested in all four of these industries a
was only a small part of what is now
employed in the prosecution of any
one of them. The telephone and bi- 8
cycle lead in importance, the type- y
writer stands next. In 1890 thirty type- i
writer factories were in operatiop; c
they employed 1,735 men, and the value a
of their product was $3,630,126. In I
1893 one typewriter company gave reg- I
Ular employment to 2,300 workmen. t
Durang that year some rf the leading t
makers were weeks behind in their or- a
den. In 1895 a careful estimate placed c
the number of machines in use not less I
than 450;,000. During the year follow- I
.lag 3,426 typwriters were used in thir- t
ty-four office buildings in New York
city. A statement published in the f
Phonographic World of April, 1896,
showed that in New York there were
then more than 3,000 typewriters in
use South of Fulton street and east of
Broadway, and that throughout the city
the number of high-class machines in
daily operation exceeded 35,000. Chi
cago, it was estimated, used 15,000;
Philadelphia, 14,500; Boston, 6,000; St.
Aouis, 4,700; Baltimore, 4,300; Wash
nlgton, 3,500; Cincinnati, 3,500, and
Ean Prancisco, 3,000, while Cleveland,
Buffalo, Pittsburg and Detroit` used I
more than 2,000 machines each. In
not one of the dozen smaller cities of
the Union were to be found less than
500, and some of them had as many as
1,6500.( The total number in use in the
United States was placed at 150,000.
Since Ip the manufacture and sale
of typewriters has greatly increased.
No statement of the exact number
made and used at the present time -is
available; it certainly exceeds half a
tmillion, and reaches perhaps three
q, arte of a million. Agecies for
,the sale of the machines and dealers
in typewriter supplies are located in
every city, and in many small towns in
the country. The number of schools
n whlich typewriting is taught is esti
mated to be 1,500,; attended by more
thaiin .1,00 pupils, a large majority of
whom are women. Perhaps no other
tfsistly American industry has been
vo little affected by foreign competi
tion as has that under consideration.
Jlplte repated attempts on the part
o ijpele of .other nations to devise
writIng machines which would sup
pi leat ihort e made In this country, the
A t'n product Is today as much a
, l fitoite abroad as it is at home, In
Bet. Atr lerica practically sapplies the
4egand,for typewrilters all over the
ttld, The exportation of them dur
it past eight years hba probably
i one-third of the eantire pro
ie The total va)ae of tle type
:achines and parts exported
i h the S101l year endinl on tune
,was $1,566,91. Progress clo
i* qi av e, of labor, but It tq.Sp
+ p that are broader, longer and
Ui ast0 smestak aterany. has
argrt o -pid the
*26 aeitr ad Me provinee #f 81
*. In comsiderlng them
har ,.mlineabred that. Pbsei,
tfajaent parts of AustraS
making, cutters receive from $2.86 to
$4.29, heaters, sorters from $1.19 to
$1.90, and sewing girls from 95 cents
to $1.90. Even the skilled labor is un- T
derpaid. Railroad engineers get from
$8.33 to $11.90 a week, switchmen from
$3.75 to $8.09, conductors the same as TI
switchmen, firemen from $4.47 to $7.61,
and brakemen from $3.57 to $5.47. Shoe
makers receive from $2.86 to $4.80,
street cleaners from $3.33 to $4.29, la
borers from $2.86 to $3.57, bakers from
$4.29 to $5.24, policemen from $4.53 to
$7.14, electricians from $4.29 to $9.52, cl
blacksmiths and horseshoers from $4.29 p,
to $7.14, machinists from $4.29 to $5.71, Is
boiler makers from $2.86 to $5.95 and o1
so on. ti
Mr. Erdman asks how a country al
where unskilled labor is paid at the si
rate of from $1.25 to $2 a day is to com
pete with skilled labor receiving as tl
little as 50 cents. ec
Some American firms have taken ad- c,
vantage of conditions in Silesia. Thus, Il
Mr. Erdman reports that the Ar- T
buckles coffee people placed a $50,000 1:
order for posters there, because they o
got a lower price than American print- ti
ers could quote. Several printing firms n
have solicitors for American trade.
Many factories of different kinds are h
running day and night on American 11
While this is true of the district a
where Mr. Erdman is stationed, the v
trade report of the German empire as o
a whole tell a different story. It is a t
fact, as shown by the recent treasury p
bulletin published in Washington, that s
German importations have, to a mark- t,
ed and material extent, fallen off this t
year. From 1894 to 1897 inclusive, tak- t
ing the fiscal years of each year (year a
ending July 1) German exportations to
the United States steadily increased
each year. In 1894 they amounted to t
$60,000,000, in 1895 to $81,000,000, in
1896 to $94,000,000, and in 1897 to $111,
000,000, the high mark. Last year the
fiscal year recently ended, there was
a decline to $69,000,000, a fafling off of
forty-five per cent. Other countries.
it is true, exported less to the United i
States, last year than in some of the
years preceding, the decline of French
imports being about twenty per cent,
;. compared with 1897, of British imports
a about thirty per cent, and of Holland
1 imports about five per cent. Ger
many's excess of manufactured prod
ucts is increased and diminished by
i the market for "cheap-made goods," I
and the present industrial conditions
I of the United States are not, and do
s not seem likely for many years to be
- favorable to a large sale of manufac
- tured articles in the American market.
k The American exports to Germany
a for which German goods or their equi
" valent are exchanged amounted to $97,
e 000,000 1896, $125,000,000 in 1897, and
a $1556000,0 0 in 1898. The chief article
iof Amer n exportation to Germany
y is sotto Lard, oil cake, hides and
n timber a. other items. There is also
a large e portation of American tobac
;co to Ge any, and of copper in bars.
I, Coope. won strikes against reduc
d tions in ages in St. Joseph, Mo., and
n Detroit, ich.
f The Svation Army has dedicated a
Sarm of 88 acres near Cleveland, 0.,
Sto the ue of destitute working men.
The Fational Brotherhood of Black
smiths iters $10 and the Trunk and
Bag W Irkers International union of
fera $6 to organizers of the American
Federation of Labor for every union
formed by them of those crafts.
A roll of wall paper measures eight
,r yards and it is twenty inches wide.
There are 200,000,000 rolls ot wall pa
n per manufactured each year, and the
in price ranges from 4% cents a roll to
Is $2 a roll. If joined end to end, this
4. output of paper would be nearly a mil
re lion miles long. This paper would
tf cover an area of 183,542 acres.
er The Coopers' International union has
o decided to admit machine workmen in
:i- slack barrel shops, but not in beer keg
n. sho. i The following national officers
rt were elected, President, Charles W.
s Teney of Milwaukee; Afirst vice presl
P dent, Isaac Miller of Sandusky; sec
he ond vice president, Joseph B. Ham
Smond of Buffalo; third vice president,
[n Patrick J,. Donnelly of Boston; treas
he urer and secretary, James Cable of
he Ksaas City,
S A coacession has been ranted to an
American company-known as the
China Developing company, headed by
ex-Senafor Calvin 8. Brice of New
York--for the constnruction of i rail
Sway from Canton nearly due north to
SHankow, in the heart of the Yang-tse
5 Ki4g valley. !This line, starting from
ti prnlacipal port of Southern China,
ihraVemes several of the moast wealthy
dad populous ptovinces of the empire,
fpt a distance of some 800 miles.
SThe.lnternational Socialist congress
held in lAM, London, England, resolv
Ied that the npxt congress should be
m hel tnla Grmany in 1899. The conm
, mlttee having the arrangements in
Schatrge has notified all concerned that
rs they etld.not get permisslion to hold
us the ongress under conditions wheire
to Ikfty of debate al personalpecurity
to ~fitl ~deispti sageust arrest by the
: lovsr~delnt wiuld ble assured: hence
4, t i Will z ot take place in
1 :b is deflhrredG to 1100, and
SifC~ tr liB.n :·
THE PARTY IS RIGHT.
THROUGH DEMOCRACY PLU
TOCRACY MUST FALL.
The Republican Imperialistic Plan of
Suppressing the Right of People to
Vote-Plan to Govern by Military Force
--Hannalsm Growing Wilder.
It is reported that government ar
chitects in making plans for a pro
posed public building in Chicago have
laid out the lower story on the lines
of a fortification. Their objects for
this defensive plan is not to provide
against foreign aggression, but to re
sist domestic riot. For some time an
influential body of our citizens, with
the same danger in view, has advocat
ed an increase in the army and its
concentration in the centers of popu
lation. The remedy thus proposed to
meet a recurring and increasing crisis
is not the removal of the causes, but
only the suppression of a manifesta
tion of discontent. Those advocating
military concentration at centers of
population are placed on one or other
horn of a dilemma. Either our po
litical economy and method of govern
ment is so partial and discriminating
as to justly discontent to the point of
violence and insurrection in the body
or the workers of our free institu
tions and popular government have
produced a lawless and dangerous class
so large as to defy peace officers and
to require military control. Either of
these views is a deadly arraignment of
the American republic. Those who
advocate permanent military establish
ments at large centers of population
assume by logical implication, first,'
that existing sources of discontent will
grow to need military force for the
control of the discontented; second,
that a large, army is required for do
mestic rather than foreign foes, and,
third, that American free institutions
and popular control .of government are
insufficient to preserve order, protect
property, or even to secure the life of
the citizen from violence. In other
words, the American republic is a
failure; the powers of government can
no longer be derived from the con
sent of the governed, but must hence
T'orth grow put of a certain class of the
people and be supported by an efficient
SIXTEEN TO ONE.
_ _ B
0, what is the" cry that is rending the
All over the South and the West?
Frmn far and from near the same slo
gan we hear,
With never a pause or a rest.
Though faint in the East, it is ever in
As you follow the course of the sun,
Till the Rockies are passed, with a
wild trumpet blast,
For silver at sixteen to one.
It sounds to the tramp of the far min
Then comes over mountain and
Till caught in the mouth of the planter
While the farmer takes up the re
Wherever 'tis found 'tie a magical
And a wonderful work it has done.
Here, there, everywhere, it is filling
Free silver at sixteen to one.
From the far Golden Gate Oo Wash
Thence east to Superior's beach
Take your course, and then ship down
the, broad Mississip,
Till the shores of Kentucky you
military organization. Those who
have given attention to the experien
ces ot the wofld in military govern-.
ments.; and especially to such as relied
ai in mutay ftore. for domestic peace,
eas4e)t but tuit: t it fi a suoh ho
ernments that order, property and life
are and have been the least secure.
That there is an undercurrent of dis
content in this country is true. It is
also true that dangerous outbreaks in
evidence of it occur from time to time.
It is only reasonable to say that this
discontent has its origin in real abuse
and injustice, the lack of employment
of labor due to the gold standard and
its power to concentrate wealth in the
hands of the few. It is folly for any
one to say that our domestic discontent
is without cause. Supporters of the
American republic have but one course
open to them. They must search out
the abuses and injustice that breed dis
content and remove them. The issue
is a status quo of our political econo
my and methods of government, with
an army establishment to suppress the
insurrections which their unreformed
continuance will bring on, upon the i
one hand, or, on the other, tireless and I
earnest work to remove the abuses and
injustice and thus remove the discon
tent and avoid. domestic insurrection.
Wool Tarlif a Failure.
The New York wool exchange has
quit business. President Allen Mc
Naughton, in explanation, says:
"Owing to the depressed conditions of
the wool market, and it appearing that
improvement in that direction is not
likely to occur for some time, it has
3 been deemed for the best interests ol
I the corporation and its stockholders to
f discontinue all further operations in
f wool until a better outlook presents
3 itself." Wool growers ought to learn
- by this time what little use a tariff is
1 to give them good prices for wool.
They ought to learn that promises
I held out to them by the Republican
e campaign speakers are only like so
much chaff, are only made to influence
their votes. With 11 cents tariff on
, wool the price is so depressed that tt
s doesn't pay to keep open the ex
if Cheap Ken or Cheap Dollars?
r From the Nonconformist: Shall we
a have cheap men and dear dollars, or
n shall we have dear men and cheap dol
L- lars? Shall the man go up and the
dollar go down, or shall the dollar go
*e up and the man go down? Shall man
Lt hood triumph over money and labor
Up the fair Ohio, past Virginia go,
Thence eastward the boundary run
You will thus understand that three
fourths of the land
Is howling for sixteen to one.
Though gold-bugs berate, and their
And their newspapers fill up their
They tremble in fear when that slogan
And And it growing apace.
Though they fume and they sweat, we
will wallop them yet,
And won't we have oceans of fun,
As we bury them deep in their ulti
'Neath ballots for sixteen to one?
As fair futures ope through a glory of
To the vision enchanted of youth;
As the forces of right come on like the
And triumph with justice and truth;
So the prospect we see of swift vic
When the battle at last is begun;
Things are coming our way, 'tis the
break of the day,
For silver at sixteen to one.
J. A. EDGERTON.
over loans, or shall money invoke mis
ery and the dollars of Shylock triumph
over the souls of God's deserving poor?
These are questions we should ask and
answer before we think otf -y.9tin for
Church Street, near I en Bridge, Natchitoches, La.
New Buildings, New Buggies, Fresh Horses, ExperiencedManagers
Drummer's Outfitt.d on Short 'N.icc. 'Bus Meet all Trains.
Horses oared for by tLo day, week or month. Put up with us when you
come to town. Best noe of Feed to be had.
Mc. K. HOLSTON,
Services at the Methodist church
every First and Third Bundays at 11
a. m. and 7:30 p. m., by the pastor,
Rev. H. Armstrong. Prayer meeting
every Wednesday night at 7:30 o'clock.
BAPTIsT-M. E. Weaver, pastor.
Regular services, Second and Fourth
Sundays at 11 a. m. and 8 p. m.; Sun
day school, 10 a. m.; prayer meeting,
Wednesday, 8 p. m. All invited.
Phoenix Lodge No. 88, A. F. & A.
M.--Simooe Walmsley, W. M.; J. 0.
Triohel Jr., Seo. Meets First and
Third Wednesdays at 7 p. m.
Castle Hall No. 89, Knights of Pyth
Sis.--U. P. Breazeale, C. C.; Adolph
L'Herieson, K, of B. & S,. Meets
I Second and Fourth Thursdays at 8
Criminal Term-First Mondays in
e June and December.
First Mondays in March and Ooto.
First Mondays in April and Novem
A. E. Lara. . J. B, Taxua.
LEMEE & TUCKER,
General Insurance, Lad Agents, Notaries Public
ABSTRACTS OF TITLES A SPECIALTY.
Represent FIDELITY COMPANIES. ~,goonet y s,` .. on al
Office, Opposite Court House.
letablished in 188 *
General Insurance Agency,.
U. P. BREAZEALE,
[Suocesorto Alexander, Hill a Breaseale.]
Represents First.Class Companies in Life and Fire Insurance
Representing also the United States Fidelity & Guaranty Company,
of Baltimore, for Bonds and Securities.
Prompt Attention to Business. ::: Country Business a Specialty
Office on St. Desals Street, NATCHIITOCHES, LA.
Call on me before pleonlg your Insuranoe Elsewhere.
U. P. Breazeale.
STATE NORMAL SCHOOL
N atchitoches, La.
B TRAINING i0CHOOL FOR TEACHERS, maintained by the State
of Louisiana, offers a four years' course of instruction, Tibgle.t,
Frencb, Latin, Mathematics, Drawing, Bookkeeping, History, Lit
erature, Muso, Natural Sciences, Psychology and Pedagogy; three
terms of professional study, one year of daily practice in model schools. Di
plowma entitles graduates to teaoh in any public school of Louisiana without
Four well equipped buildings, a fifth now under construction; good lab.
s oratories, library and reading room. Grounds of 100 aorec, beautifully lo
cated and improved; excellent health conditions and opportunities for phys.
ioal training and reoreation. Dormitories accommodate 2090 yonog ladies;
gentlemen board in private families.
Faculty of sixteen trained teachers; 441 students last sesuion Tuition
free to those who intend to teach; total necessary expense $106 for session
of eight months. Fall term begins OOTOBER 3. 1898.
For catalogue write to
B. 0. CALDWELL, President.
rosw M. Tuoxs, President. D. C. SoARBOROUGH, Socretary.
JoIs A. BAIow, Treasurer and General Manager.
GIVANOVICH OIL CO..
.... Manufacturers and Dealers in all kinds of....
h COTTON :SEED: PRODUCTS
'r NAT OITOOHFij . LA.
Dr. C. Scaborough. H. M.Carv e
SCARBOROUGH & CARVER,
ATrroBRNY AT LAw, I
NATCHITOCHES, - LOUISIANA,
Will practice in the District Courte is
the Parishes of Natchitoches, Red
River and Sabine, and in the Supreme
Court of Louisiana, and the U. S. Dise
triot and Circuit Courts for the West
ern District of Louisiana. 1 17 ly.
C. H. PROTHRQO,.
SPHYsICIAN AN SURcnoN,
NATOHITOCHES, - LOUISIANA.
Diseases of Women and
Children a Specialty.
Office on St. Dennis Street.
5 17 ]y
SAMUEL J. hENRY,
Azron~ i AT LAW,
I Will practice in all the State and Fed.