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ubicription $1.00 Per Tear. There is No Free Country, Unless the People Rule Price 5
VOL. V. NATCHITOCHES, LA., FEBRUARY 10, 1899. NO. 23.
COST OF IMPERIALISM. h
ARMY BUDGET THE HiOHEST ti
Shall This Unheard-of Borden of Taxa
tion Be Bese by the People or haUll
They Protest and Be Called An
Secretary Alger, by asking for over a
$165,000,000 for the support of the -
regular army in time of peace, has
raised two questions that touch the a
heart and the pocket of every Ameri- ii
can citizen who does not profit by le- t
galized injustice and oppression. These !
questions are: "Shall the United
States be more hearily taxed for mill
tary' purposes than any other country 8
on earth?" "Shall this unheard-of bur- I
den of taxation be carried almost ex- '
elusively b7 people of small means,
while the wealth our armaments pro- C
tect goes free?" If we spend $166,000,
000 a year for the army, $150,000,000 for
pensions and $50,000,000 for the navy,
we shall be paying $366,000,000 for mili
taqy ~irVpses. That is nearly twice as
m4cla4a any power in Europe'pays for I
the Mine objects. It is more than we
paid in taxes for the entire support of
the government as lately as last year.
The amount Secretary Alger asks for
thdbll ne is more than Germany
pays for her army and navy combined.
We have been accustomed to com
miseate the European peasant,
crushed under the intolerable burden
of a roding armies, and now we are
askes, ith o necessity whatever, to
u t urs es to a burden twice as
he distribution of this
den of taxation is even worse than
the load itself. Mr. Rockefeller, to
take the most conspicuous specimen of
a class, has a fortune of over $300,000,
000. I ýiper to accumulate, possess
and intrease this fortune depends upon
the protclop of the government. Mr.
Rockelfre income is over $20,000,000
a year. Jlet is equal to the combined
n~cas f&ii orty thousand families,
eachr annual earnings of $600.
Udjer~th'e Republican system of na
tional taxation, which is based not on
resources, but on personal conaump
tion, 'Mr. Rockefeller's income, if di
vided among forty thousand families,
h: qlitbe ted forty thousand times;
trateil in his hands, It need be
S.~'it*q rol y ce. In other words, with
Sfsty thousand times the means of a
wdringman r. Rook~bfeler is not
.ay more than a working
er fnsome respects he pays
hsi He uses no beer or tobacco, and
: '~=ed the taxation levied on those
>a Uble luxuries. He doges not play
' .i, , and so does not pay for the rev
: a m~l eebra peck He 4es
"wtr e in rented room~, and so is not
, for his lease and his rent re
qji I u not tp W s n
i , subject to a mortgage stnmp
e ahs his ainfly pbyalelan, and
oe not buy taxed prprrietary L mne
He drinks no more tea than a
g r starlvia on four dollars a
nd t~e used a quality s aee
S t: heempear of Clat
4 po. tpahesJ, thesai.
~ott.naets a poun4.E , i
taxed ugur~ than i cop
.1 ekefglWr s gigantic *n
Up, whtes'~Fiv person ot
Siesa ta.edto the earth
right? The iDesmpracy does
s jIt betienes that nlacoes
hpty a;'ditures should be
of taation. No extrava
aovei'nment. N4ecepsary es
bel inet by fair methods of
There Is an asse ready
heasid of the Democraoy,
tone oftheqeu coqog Is
lyidepread. The movement
COtfOkog, Ill. A anumber
· when a teacher lo a
SMr. Slmith oheorved,
examples in exchange
,t .schjr agewith ladl
,I **M a t amze untold
Siib · et in pro
members may be obtained from the
local Democratic or silver committees.
Collections' are taken at the close of
r the meetings to pay for the literature T
and the expenses of the county organ
ization in furthering the movement.
Age of Comblees.
From the Indianapolls Sentinel: The
tin plate combine just formed is the
most extensive affair of the kind ever
formed in this country, as it includes
r all the plants in the country but four
e -two in Pennsylvania, one in West bý
,s Virginia and one in Missouri. To c,
e avoid anti-trust laws the new concern d
I- is organized as a corporation under C
the New Jersey laws, with $20,000,000 T
e preferred stock and $30,000,000 com- p
d mon stock. Of this sum the purchase as
. >f the plants represents $12,000,000 n
y and the proposed working capital ti
r- $6,000,000. The remainder is pure tu
. water. The preferred stock is to have d
7 per cent cumulative dividends,, all o
. over this, if any, going to the common n
stock. To pay the dividends on pre- z
;r erred stock will therefore be required I
$, 1,260,000, and to pay only 6 per cent p
on the common stock will be requiled a
$1,080,000, or a total of 83.940,000. The t
r promoters claim, however, that the i
re common stock will earn more than the t
pt preferred, since the latter is limited to a
7r. per cent. Allowing, however, only a
r 6 per cent for the common stock, it
would require about 50 cents a box t
d. profit on 6,000,000 boxes a year to earn l
these dividends. This shows what tre
mendous earning capacity the pro
moters are basing estimates on, and
the earning capacity is chiefly due to
our tariff law, which taxes every home
for the benefit of these infant pro
Lo For Cbeap Wheat and Dear Flour.
to Every householder in this nation will
of have cause to regret the success of the
4' Republican party every time he buys
a pound of flour, for under the protec
!n tion of that party the great milling
rr trust has beep found to control the
D price of bread. Thomas A. McIntyre,
Id who went to England to obtain the
consent of British stockholders in
0, American flour mills to: the formation
a- of a combination of the principal mills
m in this country, sO as to make a trust
p" controlling the output, returned on the
II- White Star steamship Majestic. He
s said when he landed that his mission
had been successtul. The object of Mr,
Mcintyre's trip td Europe was to ob
th tain the consent of Richard Glyn, the
president. and other stockholders of
the Pillsbury-Washburn mills, to a
plan to form all the great milling in
ad terests of America into a gigantic flour
se trust. Immediately Mr. McIntyre hur
ried to his office in the Produce Ex
v- change building, where he remained
closeted wth his partners for several
ot hours.. To his 'friends, privately, Mr.
.. MlIntyre 18 said to have strongly in
a timated that. his mission abroad had
•p beep successful, and that the great
ad combination, ,which will control about
- threefoutrths ot the world's bread
a stuffs, will \suaely be formed. Itf is
a said that the capital of the new trust
lie I1PWlM 14A00S000 pall "th"eapadtyt
ae ,binafion thlrJ1a1iadm ndill* .
11P-,i q , Ne 4 Thrk. l4 0
I Pllsbury-Washburn, Minneap
S ............ .............. 25000
sh)pa-Canby, Minneapola.. 17,000
SNorthWstern Consolidalted Flour
. illist Co, Minn.~pol;it... .. 15,000o
1 Imtsrial Mill Comaniy, Duluth. 8;000'
SAnthd Mills, buluth .......... 4,000
a- DhI Mills. Duldth ............ 6,000
SWill1iaspmaUa Mills, Superior 3,500
Freeman's Mills, Superior ...... 2,500
Minkota Mills, Superior ,,...... 1,000
Daisy Mills, Milwatnkee ........ 3,000
'i6tl daily capacity .....9. 5,000
Total wheat consuimed daily, 600,000
15 beehels. .
ut Taotal mill feed prodiced daily, 10.000
th, t tes _._
For the bepnefit of public creditors,
. ceagress, by the act of March 18, 1869,
, pledged the faith of the United StAtes
Sto the payment, in conla or Its equiva
Slent, of 'all tl outstandlng obligations.
It it sepretedded b y any '~ne that the
a ovierunmeat his ever asanmed any se
Svernror orre ouMerus duty to its cred
SItmr tha tIat declared by this asct, or
ro- that it has at any'time undertaken to
in pep asY of its obligations otherwise
eag tha ia soint "Dollars" are the things
la tobqpati--oedis eitters, frieated' rtin
vaslder ad In pthrstmnce of csor coinage
ea 1WeL , eIIe aolSr .to consist in or be
:t rippepted by 41)ib grains of stand
te siv or 2Si -o0 grains of standaid
grldt-that is, the welght of the silver.
, iVte im'ver 4ol. l wsr to be slxtmn
. . ..-y _ t i ,_ , -
•qs wf " s to'asiss 3umu
-i the pmobdh1I1~i
:r~.i~s tbe-.~i i'e4
, gh ot1;:lt~lir~
BATTLE ROYAL IS ON.
THE BANKERS ARE CLIMBING
INTO THE SADDLE.
The Bankers' Association Will Whip
the Republlean Politicians Into Line
for the MeCleary Scheme to Control the
Volume of Currency Through the Banks
A battle royal is on between the
bankers' association and the republi
can politicians. The bankers all are
demanding the passage of the Mc
Cleary-Gage bill now before congress.
The Silver Knight-Watchman says the
passage of this bill will in effect put a
saddle upon the backs of the business
men, property owners and laborers of
the country, and put the bankers in
the saddle, booted and spurred. The
demand of the bankers for the passage
of this measure is the most brazen de
mand ever made by any class of citi
zens of their government in any age.
It is a criminal demand that the peo
ple surrender their right to life, liberty,
and the pursuit of happiness, because
the effect of this bill will be to put
into the hands of the banking combina
tion the power to plunder the people
ad libitum. Under the operations of
such a law, values become a plaything
in the hands of the bankers. To re
tire, either through taxation or by en
larging the bonded debt, all the green
backs and treasury notes and make sli
ver dollars redeemable in gold, and
then turn over to the banks the pow
er to issue and control all paper money
would prove as disastrous to the prop
erty owners, business men and laborers
of the country as it would to surrender
the taxing power to private parties.
With a sound and stable money the
people would be able to transact busi
ness and create wealth with which to
pay taxes, and an abuse of the taxing
power would not destroy the people be
fore an opposition could be aroused
that would restore to the people their
rights. But with bank control of the
money volume the banks will be able
to expand the currency and lend short
dollars and then contract the currency
and force the people to settle with
them on long dollars. In short the pro
posed bill puts into the hands of the
banks the powers to manipulate the
money volume so as to transfer the
wealth of the country into the hands
of the money-lending classes with no
check upon them and no regulator ex
cept the greed of the bankers.
r Under the operation of this bill the
bankers will be able to bankrupt, at
pleasure, not only such individuals as
oppose their sway but the whole coun
t try as well. Under the threat of their
displeasure they expect to be able to
overawe the people individually and
t The republican party did not dare
make thia demand of the banks a part
s of the St: Lotluis platform. They well
t knew that to to so would mean over
r whelming defeat.: The republican vot
S ers of the country are not in favortof
( this merarts Theirepublican. patty i,
a not openly pledged t~. That the
bankers exacted a pledge from Chair
man Hanna, before contributing to
the campaign fund, is not doubted;
neither is it doubted that the pledge
0 was given. The chaiinah' f the re
0 publican national committee, in giving
such a pledge did not represent the
0 sentiments of the individual members
0' of the party.
0 The republican leaders are afraid of
0 this measure. They wish to avoid it,
0 but the bankqrs are insisting upon it
o as a quid prp quo for the campaign
0 fund turnish~e. President McKinley's
- positbn upon this mnehurl s evasive
o at the present time., HO is throwingf
0 up straws to ascertatn the direction
and thrce of the winds on ithis, as he
b does on all other matterl, He knowf s
the power of the baakers, as a facto:
in politics, and inc!ies'to favor then
and will do s4 unless he becomes 0on
vinced that to do so will cvapass th
' political downfall di himself and hi
' The republican politicians are more
Safraid of the bank question than the
e are of the silver question; and the]
' would avoid another encounter upot
Sthat issue it they could. The America!
r people cannot be throwus into a pani'
Sover the ques~lon of a gold ittandard o:
Sbimetallism . They remei)ber tha
Sfrom 1861 to 1879 the busihess of the
Scoultry was tiransaeted without the lin,
e: of either gold~ or silver, ezcept as a_
a annoyance calsed by a vicious clans
Sin the law creating the greenback an:
SreserrlIng a jpecial function for'thi
5r metals. In 1d61, when both silver an,
n gold left us with a war on our hand
rd more terrbl than any war we a
likelly evet g In to encaianter, th
gr*Oaback w or to msve the life o
the atl:: itU did its with weill. Th
bo~yrin blte membeaSt pd to theLi
' p, y . :"/": I ;, . i'.: " ":: " ,I: " ote
S 0o14 saditaml a hamt a ano @
it 'as ar · th em iam
earth to whom it files whenever there
is danger. The greenback and the
flag are Americans. They are em
blems of sovereignty. As the flag
commands the love and affection of
our people, so the greenback is potent
to vitalize every nerve and arm and
place the resources of the nation be
hind the flag as it did from 1861 to
1865. That object lesson cannot be
lost during the lives of those who par
ticipated in that conflict. We warn
the Republican leaders not to lay vio
lent hands upon the greenback and
abandon any notion they may have
that the American people will tolerate
a return to wild-cat bank money.
A Conservative Paper on This Populist
Commenting on the direct legisla
tion amendment to the constitution of
South Dakota, which was placed there ev
by the Populists and their free silver a.
allies, that eminently respectable Jour- R
nal, the Chicago Record, says: ev
"South Dakota is the first state in
the Union to adopt the system of di- R
rect legislation by the people.' Al
though the official returns have not d
been received, it is conceded that the
constitutional amendment making pro
vision for the use of the initiative and
referendum was approved by popular
vote at the election of Nov. 8.
"The principle of the referendum has N
long been recognized by American T
states in connection with constitution- T
al enactments, and its use in that con
nection has been productive of most i1
satisfactory results. Of late there has I
been a growing tendency on the part S
of legislatures to submit to popular P
vote measures of importance relating
especially to certain sections of the
state, such as the larger cities; but
such action has always been optional
on the part of the legislature. The peo
ple have possessed no power to com- J
pel the submission to them of certain
questions, except in so far as they
could influence their representatives
to respect the popular will. The people
of South Dakota, however, have now
put into operation a plan whereby the
popular will can be given expression
in law regardless of the indifference
or hostility of the legislative body.
More important than that, they can
prevent the enactment of any law
by an unscrupulous legislative majori
ty in defiance of public sentiment.
"The plan which has been made a
part of the constitution of South Da
kota provides that when a particular
piece of legislation is demdnded by. 5
per cent of the qualified voters of the
state that proposition must be submit
ted by the legislature' to the people at
the next ensuing general election. If
approved by the people, it becomes a
law. If the legislature passes an act
to which there is popular objection,
that act must be submitted to the peo
ple at the next regular election, if pe
titioned for by 5 per cent of the qual
ified voters. It approved by popular
vote, it stands. It not, it fails to be
coipe a lar.' Under the South Dakota
plan, therefore, the people have the
power of absolute veto over all unpop
"It cam iot be doubted that the reter
endum pi atem adopted by 8ounth Dk
Skota will bhe prductive of satisfactory
results In the main. Experience will
be valuable chiefly in demonstrating
how large a percentage of the voters
should make demand' in order to re
quire the submission f a proposition
- to popular vote. , When it is desirable
I that the important questions be sub
B mILitted, at. the same time it is not well
B that power be given an inconsequential
minority to consume the time of the
people in voting on proploslitions con
i cerning which there is substantial una
nimity of sentilment. It may be that
t the petitioP of a larger proportion of
m the voters than 5 per cent should be
s required in order to secure submls'
What the People May Nxpeet.
a An evidence of what the people can
Sexpect from a Republican congress was
Sgiven in the prompt passage, almost
r without debate, of what is known as
Sthe anti-scalping bill, that is, the bill
Sto prevent the sale of railroad tickets
e by others thani the authorized agents of
Sthe roada,. Mr. Bland bluntly stated
that the purpose of the bill was to le
galizing po6ling of passengertraie, and
e to take away from the states, as far as
Y possible, jurisdiction over this busi
y ness. Mr. lUpdegraff (Rep.) of Illinois
a made a warm speech in opposition to
' the bill.: He could not, he said, allow
c so monstrous a proposition as this bill
r containqd, to pass without a word. It
it ought to be entitled; "A Bill to Sup
B press Competition in Passenger Traf
Sfic." Debate was cut off, and the bill
Srushed to its passage, the vote standlis
110 for and [01 against the measure.
.d This bill hias been pushed bIy the
e railroads in almost every conceivable
d manner for the past two years, says
is the Journal of Agriculture, their object
e being precisely what Mr. Bland stated,
a to pool; the passenger traffic of the
f country antn evade the restrfctions of
10 the inteista~t commerce law. It the
a bill should get through the senate and
rn estme a law, as it will durlng the
Ir next asstion itf not this, the trsvellng
se: putbl lcll bp at the mercy of the ral
tr roids, a$d the people,kneow vgr well
how to apprciate the quality of that
merey. But' some day the people
i thaseltne1 wfll own the re t $4
S- , - . . .-. . .
Church Street, near lien Bridge, Natchitoches, La.
New Buildings, Now Buggies, Fresh Horses, ExperiencedManagers
Drummer's Outfitted on Short Ndce. 'Bus Meet all Trains.
Horses cared for by tLe day, week or month. Put up with us when you
come to town. Beot line of Feed to be had.
Mc. K. HOLSTON,
Services at the Methodist church
every Firstpnd Third Sundays at 11
a. m. and 7:30 p. m., by the pastor,
Rev. H. Armstrong. Prayer meeting
every Wednesday night at7:30 o'clock.
BimrTs--M. E. Weaver, pastor.
Regular services, Second and Fourth
Sundays at 11 a. m. and 8 p. m.; Sun
day school, 10 a. m.; prayer meeting,
Wednesday, 8 p. m. All invited.
Phoenix Lodge No. 88, A. F. & A.
M..-Simooe Walmsley, W. M.; J. 0.
Triohel Jr., Sec. Meets First and
Third Wednesdays at 7 p. m.
Castle Hall No. 89, Knights of Pyth
isas.-U. P. Breszeale, 0. 0.; Adolph
L'Herisaon, K. of B. & S. Meets
Second and Fourth Thursdays at 8
Criminal Term-First Mondays in
June and December.
First Mondays in March and Ooto
First Mondays in April and Novem
- . .. .
A. E. LaxIa. . B. Twoa.
LEMEE & TUCKER,
General Insurance, Laid Agents, lotaries Public
ABSTRACTS OF TITLES A SPECIALTY,
Represent FIDELITY COMPANIES. 00 ;C o toin alu
Office, Opposite Court House.
Estabitehed In 18 9
General Insurance Agency,
U. P. BBREAZEALE, ,
[Sn sortgAlexander, Hill& :*atilee ']
Represents Flrst.Class Companies in Life and' Fire Insurance
Repruesting also the United States Fidelity & Ouaianty Company,
of Baltimore, for Bonds and Seriti, es
Prompt Attention to Business. ::: Country Business a Specialty .
OtIce on St. 0~4is Street, NATCMITOCiniS, LA.
Call on ame before plaoIng ypon Iansuaneoe lmeewhere.
Vtr P. Breazeale.
STATE NORfAlL SCHOOL
? BAINING SCROOL FOR TBAOHEBf S maintained by the State
of Louisiana, offers a four years' course of instr9ution, luglisb,
Frenob, Latin, Mathematics, Drawing, Bookkeeping, History, ait
erature, Madse, Natural Sciences, Psychology and Pedagogy; three
terms of professional study, one year of daily practice in model sihools. Di
ploma entitles graduates to teahob in any publio school of Louisiana without
Feour well equipped buildings, a ffth now under construction; good lab.
oratories, library and reading room. Grounds of 100 aoree beautifully lo
'Dated and improved; excellent health conditions and opportunities for phys.
ioel training and reoreation. Dormitories aoommodate 200 yonng ladies;
gentlemen board in private families.
Faculty of sixteen trained teachers; 441 stadents last oselon ''uitio
free to those who intend to teach; total necessary expense $106 far sessionh
of eight monthp. Fall term begins. OCTOBEB 8, 1898.
For catalogue write to
SB. C. CAZLDWELL, President.
Joan M. Tuoax, Preeidlent. D. C. SoABnoovuo , Secretary.
t Jom A. Bsasow, Treasurer and General Manager.
GIVANOVICH OIL CO..
.... Manufacturers and Dealers in all kinds of....
COTTON : SEED: PfRODUQT,
Dr. C. Scaborough. H. X.Carv e
SCARBOROUGH & CARVER.
ATTosnmnr AT LAw,
NATCHITOCHBB, - LOUISIANA,
Will praotice in the District Courts is
the Parishes of Natobitoohes, Red
River and Sabine, and in the Supreme
Court of Louisiana, and the U. S. Dis.
trict and Circuit Courts for the West
ern Distriot of Louisiana. 1 17 ly.
C. H. PROTHRO,
PHrIoIur AND Sunozor,
NATQHITOCHES, - LOUISIANA.
Diseases of Women and
Children a Specialty.
Offioe on St. Dennis Street.
Aroa x AT LAW,
jWill praoticoe in all the State and Fed.