Newspaper Page Text
K. SCHWARTZ & CO.,
The Union Made Shoes Dounglas Shoes -"WHIeH ARE THE BEST IN THE WORLD, EVERY PAIR GOES OUT WITH A GUA RANTY. Price $2,50 and $3.50 K. SCHWARTZ & eO. " . . . . . z ._ w.l_ .._ .. . . ... iP ". t;:.·'...:. '.. . .: .... .. . ... oe Weekly Messenger, VBLI)HBED EvER BATm1DA! AT ST. MARTINVILLE, - LA. ALHERT IIIKNVKNU. - Proprietor. i,.\ALAIl/K I;IKNVENU. - - Pnblisher. 0Di Journal to the Town of st. Martiaville. M~trhription $14 a year invariably li advance SATURDAv, AUG. 12, 1905. "Wiology Practically Applied. PRACTICAL POINTS ABOUT THE MOS QUITO. THINOS THAT EVERYONE CAN UNDER $TAND AND SHOULD KNOW. C(OMMUINITIE& WHICH HAVE No MOB QUITOF' CAN DENELOP NO CASES. [G((norge E. Beyer professor of Biology of Tulane; one of the pio- t neer investigators of the mosquito I in its relation to disease; a mem ber of the "United States Commis sions for the Investigation of Yel- i low Fever" at Vera Cruz, where, I by the way, taking charge of the I situation, be ridded that city of I fever for the first time in its his- I tory by destroying the mosquito. To-day it has not a case of fever. Writes to the HARLEQUIN as fol-. lows: There are several questions con- J noctted the .egomyia fasciata, or A "yellow fever mosquito") which take on a naturally acute interest t now that scientific investigation £ has revealed, beyond a reasonable £ doubt, that this insect alone is re sponsible for the transmission of i the disease. C ''theste questions are, necessarily, I all intensely practical. c LIFE-PERIOD. V FIRST -THE LENGTH OF LIFE oF THIS MOaSUITd. (Let it be I borne in mind that, in this discus- i siu, allusion is made to the fe- v mtle only. The male is iucompe- i tent to pierce the skin, by reason of hit' anatomical difference of l structure of its proboscis or mouth g parts. It lives on free plant-jui- li ces.) t The female lives from its time ii of birth to the moment that her ti last egg has been deposited ino the e water, which in the natural state, c should be accomplished in about d a week's time; provided that, dur- p ing that time, fertilization and a to meal of blood has boen furnished. n If these two factors are missing, tI tlhe length of life may be oxteu- tt ded, at least as experimenotally it proven (during the summer) to sixty.four days or more. If, now, it a female, after being fertilized, oh,- I c tains a meal of blood from a yel low-fever sufferer, she will not be able to lay her eggs before a per iod of twelve days or more. She becomes ill; and, not until after - recovery in twelve or more days, '· is she able to lay her eggs. Ill as she was and starving as she is, she seeks her natural food, to mature - the uulaid eggs. It is then that, °biting a non-immune, she trans mits the disease. 1 QUARANTINES. SECOND-UNNECESSARY STATE QUARANTINES.-In the face of the proven fact of mosquito-trausmis sion of yelleow fever, the present quarantine regulations, as institu ted by state, parish, town, or couni - ty. it must be said: All communities which impose I quarantine against a place where the fever prevails, plead guilty to a harboring the "yellow-fever mos - quito. FOR NO MATTER HOW MANY PER - 5ONS ENTER A COMMUNITY IT WOULD , BE IMPOSSIBLE TO PROPAGATE THE DISEASE, TO FURNISH ONE f NEW CASE, WITHOUT THE PRE - KENCE OF THE "YELLOW-FEVER MOS QUITO." Under this proviso, the absence of the "yellow-ferer mosquito," no community needs shut itself off - for corn mmercial or passenger com r munication. Provide a thousand yellow-fe t ver patients and no mosquilto, and you havwe fever in the thousand / you brought in. The moral is, for our city, as f well as all other communities of our state: "Don't harbor the yel low-fever mosquito. And your commercial and personal relations need never be interrupted." To prove these last assertions: Human experiments, which de monstrated mosquito-transmission were fully explained in the HAR LEQUIN'S last issue. Since it was proven absolutely to the satisfaction of all investi I gators in that field that only the living and infected mosquito could transmit the disease and that it was impossible to do it through the transportation of merchandise or even directly, through heavily so called articles, which had been in direct contact with yellow-fever patients, it was deemed necessary to find out whether infected or non-infected mosquitoes of the stegomyia kind, could Ibe trauspor ted in the baggage of travelors or in merchandise. Infected mosquitoes were placed in cages of various sizes and tJose cages were packed in trunks, box - es and chests, containing weari og s apparel, blankets, hardware and all other things. 9 These receptacles were closed r in their natural way and left stan ding, or, were thrown around like s all other transported baggage for 3 from two to twenty-four hours; in a no case was ever found a living , slegomyia. How, therefore, the disease can be conveyed by merchandise can be explained only by those who e know absolutely nothing at all 3 about the principles of the trans - mission of this disease-a point t we shall take up immediately. TRANsMISBION. THIRD-THE PRINCIPLE OF TTRNSHISSiON.-Without going into scientific details, enough is known to have demonstated beyond doubt > that an infected female mosquito - requires not lees than twelve days, after being herself infected, to - transmit the disease. This clearly shows that the nooe quito can under no circumstances directly and immediately transfer - the actual cause or parasitic of the yellow fever, but that the cause or parasite does require the agency of the life-fnnctions of the insect into which it was transferred r through the blood of the yellow fever patient for at least twelve days. It must be clear, therefore, to every thinking and intelligent man that it is absolutely useless to en tertaiu the idea that yellow-fever can be transmitted in any other way than in that explained: that is, the parasite requires for the de velopment, in all of its life stages, two definite hosts-one, man; and the other, the female stlegomyia fasciata. REGULATIONS. FOURTH-CoRRECT QUARAN A Warning to Mothers. Too much care cannot be used with small children during the hot weather of the summer months to guard against bowel trouoles. As a rule it is only ne cessary to give the child a dos of eastor oil to correct any disorder of the bowels. Do not use any substitute. but give the oli-fashioned caster oil, and see that it is fresh. as rancid oil nauseate and has has a tendency to gripe. If this does not check the bowels give Chamberlain's Colic. Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy and then a does of castor oil. and the disea.i may be checked in its incipiency and all danger avoided. The caster oil and this remedy should be procured at one, and kept ready for instant use as .u as the first indication of any bowel trouble appears. This is the most suc oeesful treatment known and may be re lied upon with implicit confidence even in cases of cholera infantum. For sale by T. J. Labbe. TINE REGULATIONS.-If, as under the present circumstance, the "yel low-fever mosquito is still permit ted to exist in and about human habitations, the danger of the in troduction of a person who, know ingly or not, carries the cause of the disease, must be guarded against. Therefore, non-immune persons leaving localities, where the fever exists, should not be permitted to enter localities free from the dis ease, (if such have the stegomyia) under less than six days. Experimentally, it has been shown that the incubation period of the disease may be as long as six days. PLACES WHICH HAVE NOT THE YELLOW-FEVER MOSQUITO NEED NO QUARANTINE RESTRICTIONS. DESTRUCTION. FIFTH-KILL THE MOSQUITO. For the present, but one motto is to be followed, and that is: "KILL THE STEOOMYIA FABCIATA!" Direct all your attention to oil ing and screening your cisterns and water barrels. Clean your back yards of tin cans, and water receptacles and kill the mosquitoes in your houses and rooms; and after you have done this, go on and clean the city if you please. But, right now, the great work is, kill the stegomyia fasciata. THE DIRTIEST CITY IN THE WORLD, FREE FROM STEOOMYIA FASCIATA CANNOT BREED YELLOW FEVER, AND THE CLEANEW1'CITY IN THE WORLD, HARBORING THIS INSECT, WILL NE VER BE FREE FROM THE DANGER OF VISITATIONS OF THE DISEASE. HABITS. SIXTH-HABITS OF THE FACI ATA.-The "yellow fever mosquito" I Is bred in clean water, cisterns, etc. After its birth, it makes directly for the house. It lives in the house. They do not go out of the house. The are intensely domestic. They are active chiefly during the day. At night, they hide in corners, behind furniture, under the bed and give preference to wearing ap parel hung up against the wall, or in armoire, left opens. (The mos quitoes that annoy us at night are varieties of gutter-mosquitoes which enter the house at dusk and fly out at morning. Repeated and varied experimentation has failed to produce one case of yellow-fe. ver trasmited by any of these va rieties by any other mosquito than the slegomyia fascialr. ) All the stegomyia which infest any house may be destroyed at a blow by closing the house and fu migating it by burning pyrethrum powder or sulphur fumes for one hour. The latter (suealphur fumes) will kill them-the former will only stun them, but they will fall to the floor and may be swept up and burned. This, in conjunction with the screening and oiling of the cisterns and all open pure-water recepta cles, must he done. GEORGE E. BEYER. $'oo REWARD, $0oo. The readers of this paper will be plea sed to learn that there is at least one dreaded disease that cltene has been able to care in all its stages, and that is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure is the oo ly posItive cure now known to the medi cal fraternity. Catarrh being a consti tutional disease, requires a constitutioo al treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous of the disease, and giving thie patient strength by building up the cunstitution and assisting nature in doing its work. The proprietors have so much faith in its curative powers that they offer One Huadred Dollirs for any case that it fails to ecire. Send for testimonials free. F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo. O. Sold by all Druggists. Take HIall's Family Pills for constipation. ths GI Rnll SIlmlS BAI 6111BA11 sa 1vo UK & TIUOT COIIlt me. a s e..0 La. The se-Seet Sadp 8=m1 Seg. caMnaL a seestus, MaW WSesree bLk .' asm er a meM Frs. . e.q ib.. Archbishop Chapelle Dead. Archbbishop P. L. Chapell. death was announced here W nesday evening, and spread eog. row among the people of St. Mar. tinville. The Archbishop fell victim of the dreadful yellow fe he was sick only three or foet days. A TOUCHING STORY is the saving from death, of the hoby girl of Geo. A. Eyler, Conum berlanud, Md. He write,: "At t age of 11 months, our little was in declining health, with sor' ous Throat Trouble, and two ph sicians gave her up. We were most in despair, when we resolved` to try Dr. King's New Disovevery for consumption, coughs and colde, The first bottle gave relief; altet taking four bottles she was ureudC and is now in perfect health." Nek4 ver fails to relieve and care a alle or cough. At T. J. LAasis dran. store; 50c and $1,00 guaranted. A trial bottle free. Dr. R. D. Voorhies of Lafa does not seem to believe that mosquito is the only mesm communicating yellow fever, as * member of the Board of Healtblti Lafayette, he makes the followiut'g motion, which was adopted: . On motion of Dr. R. D. Voorbles, a - seconded. It was resolved, That the III' ern I'acifIc railroad be allowed to chaI crews at Avondale: that the crews fIt* New Orleans and Algiers, and those frm e Lafayette. be camped at least half 4: mile apart, and that no mingliug whlp ever be permitted between said crews.it tralinl leaving Avondale not to step any infected place, Resolved furtbhrw, That the City Conneil will appoint a in'A liable and honorable man to see that this resolution is carried out to the l"e ter; and that any resolution pasesed sa leiting with tuis resolution is revoked., Where can there be any danger. of the mingling of healthy pereou mangy miles away from that tow, if there was not, in the minds d the members of the Lafayette board, fear that the disease can t communicated by contact or inter. course of people from a healthy and an infected place. Some. of the towns and parishes have shlot gun quarantine, they es tirely snespend passenger, mail and freight trains, and yet, the first ea s of fever they have, they rush tele grams to New Orleans for medical experts to see it it is notyelloW fever, they do not seem to tbiak that this expert te a human bt. ing like the rest of them, and a liable to carry the disease as as other passengers. Lafayette is closed like an oyster, but allows in delegates from other places to discuss quarantine matters. What difference there is between the do-'s legates and other people? Iberis parish quarantine against New Or . leans, but allows two ladies t come to their home on the Daspit plantation, near the lines of Si Martin parish, and then quara's tine the home of these ladies. I all this not ridiculous?