Newspaper Page Text
WORKERS OF THE WORLD, UNITEI
An Injury To One Organization Is Power An Ij To A HE VOIC the OP VOLUME II "MIGHT Is RIGHT" NEW ORLEANS, LOUISIANA, TIURSDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 191J "RUTH CoxQuRs" NUMBn 47 MAN IFESTO Issued to all Southern Lumberjacks and Working Farmers by the National Industrial Union of Forest and Lumber Workers, Southern DiftriA, Department of Agriculture, Industrial Workers of the World. FELLOW-WORKERS: The thirteenth census of the United States gives us the following facts and figures on forest and lumber products. Total value of forest and lumber products, $793,810,129. Total number of wage workers employed in the forest and lum ber industry, 695,019 workers. Now let us do a little simple figuring. We find that the average wage for the lumber worker is about $1.75 per day. Now multiply 695,019 workers by $1.75, this gives you the total sum of $291,907, 780 or the total amount paid all lumber workers for one year. Now let us go a little further and see how we have been dividing up. By subtracting $291,907,780 from the total value $793,810,128, we have $501,902,349 left. Now this balance of $501,902,349 is value. Value created by la bor performed by the lumber workers themselves. Still you see that the workers have only received a small portion of what they produced. Over five hundred million dollars handed over to the lumber kings, and what for? Think of it again, 695,000 lumber workers having created a value of $793,810,129 and then only receive $291,907,708 for their wages. The wage workers, the lumberjacks alone, working in the Forest and Lumber Industry are being robbed of over five hunidred million dollars annually from the products of their labor. You may say that the land and timber is worth something, and that something must be considered for that. Is that so? Who cre ated the land and timber? Did the lumber kings perform any sort of labor in giving value to land and timber? Was there any value on the timber before it was manufactured into lumber and other useful things? What use value is there in land and timber without the magic touch of labor ? WHO MADE THE LAND, FORESTS AND MACHINERY? You may say that machinery is worth something. Certainly it is 1 he machinery is worth the cost of production. Who makes the machinery ? Machinery is made by the workers the same as lumbe' is made. Do you suppose the mills would make lumber without la. bor power? No. Well this begins to make you understand the rea. son for "private ownership" of land and machinery. "Private own ership." Think again. What is the reason? Is it not the five hun dred million dollars' surplus profit on labor? Since we see that labor power is the only thing that produces real value, then we see that the working class "privately own" their la bor power. Nov since we see that the working class is in possession of the power that creates value, why cannot the workers in the lumber in dustry get the whole $793,810,129 which they created instead of only getting $291,907,780? YOU BLIND LUMBERJACKS. Now, look here, you blind lumberjacks, this thing has gone far enough. If you have any sense at all, and I think you have, then you should see that your labor power is the only property that the capitalists are investing in. How much longer are you going to stand for this kind of thing? The above is a very conservative statement. No matter what may be said about the value of this thing or that thing, the fact is you lumberjacks have worked like hell in the cold and hot; you have created a value of over seven hundred million dollars, and you have only received a little over two hundred and ninety-one mililioui dollars in wages. Its going to get worse for you every year. First, the cost of liv ing, then, the worst of all for the workers, the improved methods of production. A few years ago, the log cutters used the axe to cut timber. Now they use the best machines, cross cut saws, and why? It is easier. It enables the workers to do their work easier and make more logs with less labor. But who gets the benefit? If your boss did not get the benefit he would not allow you to use the saw but would make you still use the oldmethod. "Private ownership," yes. You may own the saw, but your boss owns the right of its use You are only allowed to work on conditions that you pay annually the sum of $501,902,349 to a bunch of useless plunderbunds who never work, and they never will as long as you lumberjacks hand them over five hundred million dollars a year. No. They won't have to; the only thing they have to do is to shut down their mills and wait for you to starve until they can hunt a market for this surplus value that you created and never got. And by the end of such a panic you will be willing to work for still less wages, as is always the case after a panic. WHEN YOU EMIGRATE TO MEXICO. R Yes. And did you know that you are going to be forced to com pete against the peon wages of Mexico? Open your eyes and see for youself. Mexico has some of the finest pine forests in the world. And who owns these forests? It is the same old lumber trust that owns the forests of the United States, and only because they con trol the labor power or the wage workers. Many large lumber mills are already in operation in Mexico. Think again. What is the wage scale in Mexico? And what is money worth ? r Mexican silver is worth about 48c on the dollar, gold. Wages 12 1-2c per day for common labor. How do you like it? Are you going to Mexico? Are you going to follow "old pal" Kirby and others who have already taken over five hundred million dollars out of your pocketbook in this country in just one year? Will you work for silver at 48c on the dollar? Or will you demand 12 1-2c per day in gold? Now are you thinking? You, you South ern Lumberjacks. You smal frmers of the South. Do you un derstand "War, ka.tmo r?" Jt is the war trouble in Mexie.? Who brought on this war? This war was forced on the peons. By whom? By the same old capitalist class that will force you free wage slaves of the United States into armed revolution unless you wake up and organize the working class into One big union to pro tect yourself. YOU BLIND WORKING FARMERS. The lumber kings, the oil kings, the railroad kings and land pi rates of this and other countries want free access to the resources of Mexico. And why? Because they can buy peon labor power for 12 1-2c per day. Oh you free American wage slaves! Now you will begin to think. You small farmers, open your eyes too. What are you going to do about this Mexico wage business? How will it af fect you? How would you like to patronize this 12 1-2c wage mar ket when you sell the products of your little patches? Now listen just a moment. As soon as the war in Mexico is ended you will see that country flooded with capital. With vested rights to the privi leged class. The right to privately own all the timber, oil and farm ing land. Then you will see the capitalist papers boasting about Mexico being the "home of the brave, the land of the free." Free for whom ? The only change that will occur will be a change in cer tain grafters-if the wage system is not abolished. You will have the pleasure of changing your present wage scale to that of com peting against a 12 1-2c per day scale. How do you like it by this time? You lumberjacks and small farmers of this country." How does it suit you wage workers of this country to compete against this 12 1-2c per day wage after seeing that you have al ready been robbed out of over five hundred million dollars just in one year in this country? How is your pocketbook? Have you got a nice home that you can spend the rest of your days in ? After working all your lives and giving the lumber kings enough money to buy Mexico are you going to get a home in Mexico that will look like the homes you have built for the lumber kings? No. You are going to get the privilege of paying rent on a peon shack in Mexico (if you go) just like you have been paying old "pal" and the balance of these land pirates in this country. No matter if you do call the Mexican a foreigner, and that we are living under a higher standard. The Mexicans are imported into this country the same as other foreigners to compete against you in the wage market. Let us see if the capitalists consider Mexico a foreign country. The same old gang of plunderbunds will have you and the Mexican to use the same improved machinery for making lumber in Mexico that they allow you to use in this country, but on condition that you work for 12 1-2c per day instead of $1.75 as in this country for the same labor. Now you working farmers think again. After "big business" opens up in Mexico, and the lumber kings force all wages to the Mexico standard, and produce lumber at almost half the cost of this country, then they will pass a few "tariff reforms" in order to "protect" the "Free American" laborer. But when you buy lumber, you will find the same old bunch, doing business at the same old stand, and you will pay the same old on hundred per cent profit, no matter how the tariff is fixed by the cap italist legislatures. GLO)RIES OF COMPETITION. How do you like it by this time? This is competition too. But is competing worker against worker. Capitalists do not compete. They are organzed, else they could not take five hundred million dollars annually blood profits from the lumber workers alone. This is going to be a fine game of competition. Worker against worker. Nation against nation. For what ? Prelt This rne means billions of blood dollars going into4he pockets of thoms who want war with Mexico. Now do you understand? Did you ever know of a slave class fighting a war for the capitalist class and getting the country after the war? You may say that "one American laborer is worth two Mexi cans." The hell he is. Do you blame a Mexican for soldiering o"' the job when he is only getting 12-12c per day ? Would you American learn from the Mexican that he is fully conscious of this robbery under the wage system ? Would you blame the Mexican for coming to this country by the thousands to get better wages? Then do you blame them for going back to their country to fight for 'land and liberty ?" Even if the capitalist class of this and other countries do hatch up war with Mexico, it is only for the purpose of Chstan izing you and civilizing you to the Mexcan standard of wages, 12 -12c per day. This is an old trick--it is a scientific, trick of the eapit a to fool all the workers in all countries, colored and white, Mirnies and all. LET US GET TOGETHER. Now, Fellow-Workers, let us give this question a thought, at once, and then let us get together. We can stop all this crime and bloodshed. If the I. W. W. was strong enough in Mexico to handle the labor market, they would call a special convention of all workers together and in two hours time they would settle all this "Tariff Reform." They would raise wages in Mexico to the standard of this country and there could be no reason for "tariff" except for transportation, and that cost would be for the railroad boys who constitute the workers in the great transportation industry. Just think, you lumberjacks alone. There are 695,019 of you. You are handing over five hundred million dollars to the lumber kings annually. Now if they can make these millions here in this country, they can quadruple this by moving under the Mexican 12 1-2c per day standard. But where will you quadruple yours ? There is only one move for you. You can quadruple yours and quick, if every one of you lumberjacks and small farmers will redouble your efforts and double them again in organizing all the luunber workers, Mexicans, colored and white, all into One Big Unioe of Forest and Lumber Workers. You working farmers can quadruple yoursi by organizing all the working farmers who do their own work into One Big Unio of Agricultural workers and help the lumber workers in all their strikes and lockouts. IT'S ORGANIZATION OR PEONAGE. The question is Organization or peouage. Which do you choose? It is the wage system that is causing all the crime and suffering that is known to humanity. The I. W. W. re-enfranchisees every worker and gives the vote to every wage worker, no matter what their nationality or color, man, woman or child. This is not written for the capitalists. It is written for the wage workers. Don't say that you are with us .unless you are going to prove it. And to prove it means that you must join the organiza. tie, and help all the wage workers to get organized. Your I. W. W. membership book is your only evidence that you are with us, and then only when your dues are paid up. The "Good book" says "He that is not with us is against us." Where do you stand? You will be judged "by your work.".......... You are going to have to move around and fast. Are you going to enlist in the great army of the working class ? Our aim is a free world for all the workers. The co-operative commonwealth. The Industrial Democracy. Meet with us. Read with us, talk with us and correspond with us, and then join the I. W. W. Then swear by your mother that when she raised you she raised a man. See the DEMANDS of the Southern District on fourth page of this issue. These DEMANDS can be put in force in less than ONE YEAR if YOU want them, but, remember, all WANTS must be ORGANIZED, or they remain only wants forever. For full particulars as to how to organize correctly and as to how to STAY ORGANIZED, address, JAY SMITH,...... Sec'y Southern Dis't. 1194 Gould Ave, Alexandria, La.