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Albert of Monaco Is }
1 Sportsman, Prince o AAd Oceanographer E LitEJIT I.. Prince of Monaca, A sportsman and scientist o' wIorldxwide fame. would rathe spend his tune on the surf.i':_ of the hioad Atlantic than rule over hI;", t o I: ingdom in the south of Eu rot, Prince Albert is now in this country. bent on shooting grizzlies and exsaiin rig extensive oil lands which Ise ownii in Montana. Erect of figure, with an air o: abounding vitality, he is the typical pichitsman and sportsman. His e':i rd, slightly touched with gray. is the only ' evidence of his sixty-five years. Ili eye is clear and kindly, his step light and elastic. He says that he feels as strong its a man of thirty. and he cer tainly looks it. Ilarpooning whales. siooting big game and wooing the sea In all kinds of weather have kept hit lithe and strong. He is a teetotaler and does not smoke. The recipe which he has for keeping young is work and sport. lie always is busy. The head of a prin cipality in which is glittering Mtoute Carlo. he is also a biologist and in oceanographer whose reputation wotvl have been as great in the worhd l1 science without his princel' tarth. I, I is the author of scores of oo ks :aniv brochures on his invrite studlv I: I his laboratory on the Hiirttolele a T O1 PRINCE ALBERT I. OF MONACO. contributions to the literature of sc en. ' lake Dr. Eliot's, five foot book shfseem small indeed. like to make sport," said the prince, "for it makes sport for other and adds zest to life. I have louu wanted to shoot a grizzly. I will Is content with just one." It was with the same enthusiasm a> is that the prince completed his etiu cation as a whale harpooner under th tuition of hale David W'eedenlurn who for many a year Nvent to sea in a Scotch whaling sch.oner and is nov. second officer of the Hirondelle. wits. the special designation of whaler. The prince learned all the tactics of the art in arctic seas and has slain the leviathan with his own hands. In the saloon qre three paintings whicl; show him in a small boat In the ver. center of conflict. He has built four dilferent boats dur ing his lifetime of reseach on the north Atlantic. but the Hirondelle is the lht est and most complete of all. There h no other boat just like her in the world, and the prince takes great pridh in explaining the Interesting and in tricate devices on board many ol which he suggested and superintended The IHirondelle is a steel twin strew steam yacht, with an auxiliary Ibrigamn tine rid. She carries unusually lofty masts. which seem to dwarf the single funnel. The yacht is 291 feet over all, 36 feet in beam and has a drati of 17 feet S inches. Hier lines indicate that she is a very dry vessel indced. with her high top allant forecastle and the raised after deck. She has a clipper bow. and her line5stro trim and grace ful. On the flag Is the coat of arms of Monaco. with the Latin motto. "Deo Juvante" (With God Aiding). Below decks there is every evidence of strength and careful workmanship. There are substantial bulkheads. with heavy doors. The crew, under com mand of Captain d'Arodes of the French navy. consists of fifty men. and the total number of persons on board is sixty-eight. Including officers. scien tists photographers and artists. Not only has the Hirondelle every appliance which modern naval archi tecture has prescribed for a yacht. but It has special apparatus. which repre sents inventive talents of a high order. Among them Is a machine for sound ing. Invented by the prince himself. by means of which the seas have been measured for a depth of 5.200 meters. or about three miles. Here alse are contrivances for bring in up water from great depths for aný is. There are nets with which the strange denizens of the uttermost depths are drawn to the surface. A complete outfit for whale hunting also b be seen. laboratory itself is light and commodious and filled with an array of bottles and jars. The creatures of the depths are studied here and preserved for further examitation in the famous Oceanograph museum in Monaco. WIDOW FLIES FOR VOTES. 3retty Mrs. Mary Sims Risks hife For Suffrage Cause. Flying for votes is the latest wrinkle ýf the New York state sutfragists, who re prep~red to go even as high as the Ionds to Will the state. Mrs. Mary dinms. pretty and chic, vho is (a1iled the flying widow." is Ptioto 1iby As'rii.n Press Associate i TOE FTITNO WIDOW" READiY TO START. tiecO lfint lon Or the daring W-oileli of the air who are rtIay t,+ risk their' liras in the ozone proviiled it will fos ter the ý:ninplien for S'otes. NEW RULER OF ALBANIA. Frederick of Wied, Carmen Sylva's Nephew, Has Hard Task. Prince Frederick of WVied. who was picked by the aIalkan allies and the powers of Eoropeeto rule over the re constructed kingdom of Albnila. is a nephew of Carmen Sviva, queen of Photo by American Press Association. PRINCE FREDERICK OF WiED. Roumania and the head of the house of Wied. His queen is the former Princess Pauline of Wurtemburg. The new Albania. which is some what larger than the state of Massa chusettd. is filled with warring and tdiscorddnt tribes, almost entirely un Iettei'ed, and the new ruler faces a well tigh herculean task. A FAIRY TALE REVIVED. "Three Musicians of Bremen" Go Over Their Old Route. "Grimm's Fairy Tales" have been re vived. At least one of them has. The man in the luieture and a companion are walking from Cologne to Bremen, foliowing the raote taken by the "'h rie ;4 Photo by American Press Association. THE THREE MVUSICIAANS E_ ROUTE. Musiciantl of Bremen." made famous by the old time story tellers. While on the walk. which will take tifteen days. the men are acting as chaperons to the modern counterparts of the Three Mo sicians, the cock. the dog and the ass' SANITARY WORK j OFFICERS IN Remarkable Record Made In the Pest Ridden Ar chipelago. ***********************" "- AT the tine 'of the .1rom an ni iatior saniitar c\ ndiit ionl 1i the tjus and thies of the P'hilipipin~es vivre delo ýIrnmle. Ind Un-" inihabitanrts were deimatr in;tch. Ireqluent intervais by widespread noi bimis of disease. Sinal ipx xw:as regarded as a laces lary aillent of ciilhleoid. ia td it priv ,d lecessary to enact legislatioli lir nijitiog deliberate inoculatioii with it in order to prevent parents tr1i giv lng it to their children. Ten million Vaccinations have been made, and the annual deaths from snallpox have de creased from more than 40.000 at the outset to 7(41 for the year just ended. It was said that there were 30.4(01) lepers in the islands. In 1915 we be gan to isolate arid care for then. Many wi. FRANCtS BURTON IIARRiISON, GOVERNOR GENERAL OF THE P'lILIPPINES , ..a .......... P ... .urt t.. /.u nof supposed lepers were found to be sut fering from -curahle atluents and were promptly restored to society. The real lepers actually nuobered approximate ly 6,000. While a few hundred were being huumanely cared for. a coiksidern ble number had been driven into the forests or had been isloated on remote tnud oiherwise uninlhabited islands, where they were perishing miserably from fever. hunger and thirst. Tlne re runinder wandered practically at will. spreading the disease broadcast. All known lepers are now well cared for at Calion. a healthful, sanitary town, with good streets, excellent wa ter and sewer systemns. many modern concrete buildings and a fine hospital. The total number hIns already decreas ed to approeituately 3,0X00, and if the GBOUPI OF \ATIVE CHILDinEN BEFORE AMERItC~AI PBOTECTION. present polIny is conttnued lepros' should soon disappear from the Philip pines. The archipelago was periodically swept by frightful epidemIcs of Asiatlc cholera, which was endemic In certaia swampy regions aear .Manila. The su perstitious practices formerly employ ed to cambat it have now largely giv en way to simple. Inexpensive and ef fective hygienic measures, with the following results: In 1902 cholera caus ed 80,632 deaths: in 1903. 28.745: in 1908. 18.811: ia 1909. 7.306: in 1910. 6.940: in 1911. 203: in 1912. none: in 1913. there have been none thus far. The apparently hopeless task of rl(1 ding the Philippines of endemic chol era has been accomplished. Manila ,is distant hut a few days travel from several of the great orien tal bubonic plague centers. When IF AMERICAN THE PHI,1iPPINESI Deadly Diseases Conquered and Many Hospitals Established. 'lu l g \o'eIr H Hit wit atis Ist :'bi ri! ;74 l: 91 : l] ii;t [ itti ( - : IN ik :1( : 11 i ti (lt - thrnone, t friiie it t !n tile piii [¶ 2 \(1e Ii tit'rat el year i tvat i reiirteln a au( st it ri 1`y5,1 it :nose! li te s of vegita ies. i: 11:1e . 174: In 1!a -l The in f 01-" -:a: in was it, lait07, nonew antt from 1!nin tis til 1Ma12l the ,o ye teli [tter year it Was reint roduned, avrohely It i rats hidden ill elattes of vegetables. aear ing altost simtulta ieously at Iloilo and Manila In the former tlace it was eraditated with a total of nine entohis In Mainila there have been but forty sis deaths, »nd We have had but one case in thLe ltat thst lutreak o1f pltgue instantly and effectively the disease u- util i have spread like [ ire in X rairi grass. Iitiusing untold st ffering and 'rent finant-ial lass. Duriug the lost year pnetltonlic plague. which is invariably fatal oits been re-ptedl r stopped at givarantiga i\ ifiw yeiil's ago tfdosie dysentery Sit drdl ni orn sitrayng our swldiie-t and tivi gavesnt whr1loyensq. (i'toe fA! aiestmI o1 i.Otio we Shave t gv-t us th~e berst li-llhl(1. of n clubatin_ it enul, in ansodien - water stem. Ateriebs har e duc n reualed to ath si tuna neL"!i;:t u! ininimumn . I'ilipiune -vil~ing to -*ulopt ill: rimlple prer otintts ,viii'- ha'ie been :roved adlequatte loft also en~joy (inanotilty.' furin wteras killing as many persons as (It(] manylpox. Its ravages have heen greatly redutced by giving away annually millions of doses of quinine and by drAiainig or spraying with p troleumn places where mosquitoes breed. At a cost of $3.I00.000 we have gir en litania a modern water system. thereby reducing, the annual deaths from water borne diseases from 3.:68 to 1,195. Mlany provincial towns have ( by American Press Association. MANUEL QUEZON, PHILIPPINE CONGRtESS 31 AN. been given sate artesian uriiuwg wu ter. The successful wells now exceed 800. In a number of instances the re sulting reduction in the death rate has exceeded 50 per cent. o Manila had no arrangement for the proper disposal of human waste. A modern sewer syvtem costing 4.00(.000 pesos has largely solved this problem. The old moat arounni the city wall was a renitable incnuibator of tisease. It has been converted into an ahtletic field, where thousands of nersons take healthful exeriise. Very in oerons homes, crowiled he! ter skelter on sivamilpy. ilis ase infeit eie gn--round. have eon moved to high. dry, sanitary sites. and the regioni thus vacated have been irain ed. hiled. proxided with streets ani made tit for human occupancy. There was not a modern operating room. much less a modern. hospital. in the archipelago. At a cost of approxi mately 1.250.000 pesos we have built and equipped the great Philippine Gen eral hospital. which is one of the most complete institutions of its kind in the world. It treats some 8.000 patients yearly. Two hundred and twenty of its 300 beds are free. At its free clin ic some 80.000 patients annually find relief. A few years ago t was almost unknown for a Filipino voluntarily to go to a hospital. We have established at Manila an up to date contagious disease hospital and a hospital for the insane. Little by little hospital work Is be ing extended to the provinces. At Cebu a tine institution is ready for oc cupancy. Others have been establish ed and are in full operation at Baguio and at Boutoc. and the medical and surgical work there performed free of charge for the wild men of the hilt= has beenaan important factor in estab ishing friendly and helpful relations with them. The cost of sanitary improvements has been very low. Success has been achieved without spending large sums )f money or resorting to military meaw ires. LLOYD-GEORGE IN A TENT. English Chancellor and His Wife on a Vacation In Welsh Mountains. When David Lloyd-George. the Eng lish chancellor. decided to t a he a ;a cation in the Welsh mountains he took his wife with loin :d -roceeded to "get h a k to nature" in every sense cof the wNord. 'Thl picture shom's him on the hilll side it Meol lhIeo'g. in the snowd t Pht byAeia rs soition a, , Ptob momca I f'-ig A',sociation. DAVID LLOYD-EORGE ON VACATION. nian rang., far away fromi the cares of office and the militant tactics of the suffragettes. The tent in the back ground was pitched facing the south. and Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd-George slept in it in clear weather, despite the well known coolness of the early mornings in Wales. PENS A POEM OF DESPAIR. Julian Hawthorne Downcast After Failure to Get Parole. His hopes of early freedom dashed to the ground by the action of the gov ernment in refusing him a parole, .Ju lian Hawthorne, known as register No. 4,435, has written a plaintive poem in Good Words. the prison publication. on "Punishment." Dr. Morton, his partner in New York. In prison register No. 4,434. appears to take a more optimistic view of the sit I ; III JULIAN HAW"THORNE. uation, and contributes a poem to tij same issue, whioh he entitles "Cour age." The Hawthorne poem is as follows: i't:NISIiMENT. Filing along, filing along, See where they come, eight hundred strong: Shuffling feet and jaded faces, Down the aisles. diopping into their places; Some upstanding, some bowed down. With grin or snarl or sneer or frown Here come the eight hundred of Dead men's Town. Piling past, filing past, Nose to the front and eyes downcast, Each in his jumper of shabby blue (With the "U. S. P., and the number tool Twice four hundred clad as one. Are tgey maskers, masked for fun Or souls in hell. all damned and done? Filing by, filing by, Each with his separate agony, With his hoarded secret, never told, I Of a life's fire quenched in a world dead cold. Murder, robbery, falsehood, lust, Pellmell into one cauldron thrust To swim if they can or to sink if they must. From the cauldron a cry: Why are we here alone? All men are brothers in sin. Must we for the others atone? Came answer: All flesh is a prison, whose jailer is Time. More grievous the sword falls on the veil ed than the unveiled crime. The hurt that you take®may be healer not theirs who. blameless here. f Wear robes snow white before men. hid irg ulcers of evil and fear. Filing along. filing along. n Ages of folly, hate and wrong: Each with its tale of might is right, With its secret dark. with its flickering light U And our Christ on his cross amidst then * there, ;. .1 he dead? Will he rise? Does he heal our prayer? Will be leave us to perish in our despnir Dr. Carrel on Verge of Discovering Way to Prolong Le TE earlier ex ierituen f iieservntion of life in l is's U 4 S :1 1 tte r in i * i Llexhis RI'rre it t' lio. br m titute at the Ihrtshoid of : p , ifportnuht isi mn Thi t i neuts stablished the fau i tl it ;, unly toubtl c 11 1 I i l4 ti t s .' 3e :, rý td [e suilnntly' in1) t 1'nlie "i :01 i te life, hut 1th t j itv'iihiit1uhi 1 1:i lid I'trolled 2 o I lie'tillio r w tOhll I Iii iltt'tl )lace. In Ur. Carrel's lab~or:Itory _ 1. i=.ve" well pro011lrting4 1rapidly' 1-"r 1(1> than sixte(.n mnt hsl15 afti-r tli'"i"': ln t1 frroi tihli ir:1t i ) p sti ' 1 i. '1112 h ot 1ad formed n p1 t111 lilit'rts. : tipiI tl when removed fron t h Unniii ':j Wis has peen mewat. 'The4 ' rc arrows"g establish the tact that suc'h 11(11!nt continue to gr44w huletinite~lr As this discovery bec iamei 11411 fa miliar" to the inlv4.ti14ator it \I115 tli; covered that 11 (onstant relaitiiý)I 4-xist ["4 betweeni the rate of gr1owth : 1) the irell and the comiposition of 1114 (144 >i unt inl which it i:; prestnterve . Th1 l t f: - )~r. ('aurel noly innoun-es, i ndwtateed Photo by American Press Association. DR. ALEXIS CARREL. that certain cell jiheniomiena of the higher animals, such as multiplication, growth and senility, might now be ih vestigated profitably. At first blocked by lack of proper method, this investi gation has now become possible through the discovery of a technique which permits strains of connective tissue to multiply ihdefinitely in the test tubes. like micro-organisms. In the report now issued it may be taken that the mention of senility is intended to foreshadow an ultimate object of this line of profound study. That would seem to mean that this re search is advancing toward the disco"' erg of some menus of postponing the approach of o1l( age. The results of this series of -r' sea'vches have the interest that they prove co~nciniv~ely that Ilr. C'arre'l 11:1 taken yet ole mlore steC . toliar d the goal oft his inquiry. HIS c' rlir r e)rtI established the sii i liciently st1 ril 1t furet that the i ail of the gture, i1r isml uiy no wntiiitds entailedl the snlall turoufofs life ft death.I Sonet suarts, in effect his earlier cennelus=i ,i wa4 that tae :iniain tlight. die, bult thIe'eellS of which the ie. al was compo=ed died in a sedgoenory sense only by teii failure to swpify the culture tediue' which suipported their individual lift'. The first concslsion reached was the proof of life after death, the survival of the cell. The later investigation has establish ed a knowledge of the chtaracteristics of the growth of connective tissue, This has led to a new result-the In definite proliferation of a strain of connective tissue cells outside of the organism. The strain of connective tissue originally obtained fromt a fragment of chicken embryo heart, which had been pulsating in the test tube for 104 days. was still ac tively alive after sixteen months of In dependent life and 190 passages. "It appears. therefore,'' I)r. Carrel reports in summation, "that t11e has i no effect oni the tissues isolateoil from the organism and preserved by means of the technique described. During the sixteenth month of life in vitro the cells increased rapidly in an nimer and were able in a short timie to produce a large quantity of hew tissue. This fact, therefore, definitely ilelimonstrates that the tissues were not in a state of survival. as was the case in certain earlier experiments. but in a condition of real life. since the cells of which they were composed, like micro-organ isms, multiplied indefinitely in the cul' ture medium."