Albert of Monaco Is }
1 Sportsman, Prince o
AAd Oceanographer E
LitEJIT I.. Prince of Monaca,
A sportsman and scientist o'
wIorldxwide fame. would rathe
spend his tune on the surf.i':_
of the hioad Atlantic than rule over
hI;", t o I: ingdom in the south of Eu
Prince Albert is now in this country.
bent on shooting grizzlies and exsaiin
rig extensive oil lands which Ise ownii
Erect of figure, with an air o:
abounding vitality, he is the typical
pichitsman and sportsman. His e':i rd,
slightly touched with gray. is the only
' evidence of his sixty-five years. Ili
eye is clear and kindly, his step light
and elastic. He says that he feels as
strong its a man of thirty. and he cer
tainly looks it. Ilarpooning whales.
siooting big game and wooing the sea
In all kinds of weather have kept hit
lithe and strong.
He is a teetotaler and does not
smoke. The recipe which he has for
keeping young is work and sport. lie
always is busy. The head of a prin
cipality in which is glittering Mtoute
Carlo. he is also a biologist and in
oceanographer whose reputation wotvl
have been as great in the worhd l1
science without his princel' tarth. I, I
is the author of scores of oo ks :aniv
brochures on his invrite studlv I: I
his laboratory on the Hiirttolele a
PRINCE ALBERT I. OF MONACO.
contributions to the literature of sc
en. ' lake Dr. Eliot's, five foot book
shfseem small indeed.
like to make sport," said the
prince, "for it makes sport for other
and adds zest to life. I have louu
wanted to shoot a grizzly. I will Is
content with just one."
It was with the same enthusiasm a>
is that the prince completed his etiu
cation as a whale harpooner under th
tuition of hale David W'eedenlurn
who for many a year Nvent to sea in a
Scotch whaling sch.oner and is nov.
second officer of the Hirondelle. wits.
the special designation of whaler.
The prince learned all the tactics
of the art in arctic seas and has slain
the leviathan with his own hands. In
the saloon qre three paintings whicl;
show him in a small boat In the ver.
center of conflict.
He has built four dilferent boats dur
ing his lifetime of reseach on the north
Atlantic. but the Hirondelle is the lht
est and most complete of all. There h
no other boat just like her in the
world, and the prince takes great pridh
in explaining the Interesting and in
tricate devices on board many ol
which he suggested and superintended
The IHirondelle is a steel twin strew
steam yacht, with an auxiliary Ibrigamn
tine rid. She carries unusually lofty
masts. which seem to dwarf the single
funnel. The yacht is 291 feet over all,
36 feet in beam and has a drati of 17
feet S inches. Hier lines indicate that
she is a very dry vessel indced. with
her high top allant forecastle and the
raised after deck. She has a clipper
bow. and her line5stro trim and grace
ful. On the flag Is the coat of arms of
Monaco. with the Latin motto. "Deo
Juvante" (With God Aiding).
Below decks there is every evidence
of strength and careful workmanship.
There are substantial bulkheads. with
heavy doors. The crew, under com
mand of Captain d'Arodes of the
French navy. consists of fifty men. and
the total number of persons on board
is sixty-eight. Including officers. scien
tists photographers and artists.
Not only has the Hirondelle every
appliance which modern naval archi
tecture has prescribed for a yacht. but
It has special apparatus. which repre
sents inventive talents of a high order.
Among them Is a machine for sound
ing. Invented by the prince himself. by
means of which the seas have been
measured for a depth of 5.200 meters.
or about three miles.
Here alse are contrivances for bring
in up water from great depths for
aný is. There are nets with which
the strange denizens of the uttermost
depths are drawn to the surface. A
complete outfit for whale hunting also
b be seen.
laboratory itself is light and
commodious and filled with an array of
bottles and jars. The creatures of the
depths are studied here and preserved
for further examitation in the famous
Oceanograph museum in Monaco.
WIDOW FLIES FOR VOTES.
3retty Mrs. Mary Sims Risks hife For
Flying for votes is the latest wrinkle
ýf the New York state sutfragists, who
re prep~red to go even as high as the
Ionds to Will the state.
Mrs. Mary dinms. pretty and chic,
vho is (a1iled the flying widow." is
Ptioto 1iby As'rii.n Press Associate i
TOE FTITNO WIDOW" READiY TO START.
tiecO lfint lon Or the daring W-oileli of
the air who are rtIay t,+ risk their'
liras in the ozone proviiled it will fos
ter the ý:ninplien for S'otes.
NEW RULER OF ALBANIA.
Frederick of Wied, Carmen Sylva's
Nephew, Has Hard Task.
Prince Frederick of WVied. who was
picked by the aIalkan allies and the
powers of Eoropeeto rule over the re
constructed kingdom of Albnila. is a
nephew of Carmen Sviva, queen of
Photo by American Press Association.
PRINCE FREDERICK OF WiED.
Roumania and the head of the house
of Wied. His queen is the former
Princess Pauline of Wurtemburg.
The new Albania. which is some
what larger than the state of Massa
chusettd. is filled with warring and
tdiscorddnt tribes, almost entirely un
Iettei'ed, and the new ruler faces a
well tigh herculean task.
A FAIRY TALE REVIVED.
"Three Musicians of Bremen" Go Over
Their Old Route.
"Grimm's Fairy Tales" have been re
vived. At least one of them has. The
man in the luieture and a companion
are walking from Cologne to Bremen,
foliowing the raote taken by the "'h rie
Photo by American Press Association.
THE THREE MVUSICIAANS E_ ROUTE.
Musiciantl of Bremen." made famous
by the old time story tellers. While on
the walk. which will take tifteen days.
the men are acting as chaperons to the
modern counterparts of the Three Mo
sicians, the cock. the dog and the ass'
SANITARY WORK j
Remarkable Record Made In
the Pest Ridden Ar
AT the tine 'of the .1rom an ni
iatior saniitar c\ ndiit ionl 1i
the tjus and thies of the
P'hilipipin~es vivre delo ýIrnmle.
Ind Un-" inihabitanrts were deimatr in;tch.
Ireqluent intervais by widespread noi
bimis of disease.
Sinal ipx xw:as regarded as a laces
lary aillent of ciilhleoid. ia td it priv
,d lecessary to enact legislatioli lir
nijitiog deliberate inoculatioii with it
in order to prevent parents tr1i giv
lng it to their children. Ten million
Vaccinations have been made, and the
annual deaths from snallpox have de
creased from more than 40.000 at the
outset to 7(41 for the year just ended.
It was said that there were 30.4(01)
lepers in the islands. In 1915 we be
gan to isolate arid care for then. Many
FRANCtS BURTON IIARRiISON, GOVERNOR
GENERAL OF THE P'lILIPPINES
, ..a .......... P ... .urt t.. /.u nof
supposed lepers were found to be sut
fering from -curahle atluents and were
promptly restored to society. The real
lepers actually nuobered approximate
ly 6,000. While a few hundred were
being huumanely cared for. a coiksidern
ble number had been driven into the
forests or had been isloated on remote
tnud oiherwise uninlhabited islands,
where they were perishing miserably
from fever. hunger and thirst. Tlne re
runinder wandered practically at will.
spreading the disease broadcast.
All known lepers are now well cared
for at Calion. a healthful, sanitary
town, with good streets, excellent wa
ter and sewer systemns. many modern
concrete buildings and a fine hospital.
The total number hIns already decreas
ed to approeituately 3,0X00, and if the
GBOUPI OF \ATIVE CHILDinEN BEFORE
present polIny is conttnued lepros'
should soon disappear from the Philip
The archipelago was periodically
swept by frightful epidemIcs of Asiatlc
cholera, which was endemic In certaia
swampy regions aear .Manila. The su
perstitious practices formerly employ
ed to cambat it have now largely giv
en way to simple. Inexpensive and ef
fective hygienic measures, with the
following results: In 1902 cholera caus
ed 80,632 deaths: in 1903. 28.745: in
1908. 18.811: ia 1909. 7.306: in 1910.
6.940: in 1911. 203: in 1912. none: in
1913. there have been none thus far.
The apparently hopeless task of rl(1
ding the Philippines of endemic chol
era has been accomplished.
Manila ,is distant hut a few days
travel from several of the great orien
tal bubonic plague centers. When
Deadly Diseases Conquered
and Many Hospitals
'lu l g \o'eIr H Hit wit atis Ist :'bi ri!
;74 l: 91 : l] ii;t [ itti ( - : IN ik :1(
: 11 i ti (lt - thrnone, t friiie it t !n tile
piii [¶ 2 \(1e Ii tit'rat el year i
tvat i reiirteln a au( st it ri 1`y5,1 it
:nose! li te s of vegita ies. i: 11:1e .
174: In 1!a -l The in f 01-" -:a: in was
it, lait07, nonew antt from 1!nin tis
til 1Ma12l the ,o ye teli [tter year it
Was reint roduned, avrohely It i rats
hidden ill elattes of vegetables. aear
ing altost simtulta ieously at Iloilo and
Manila In the former tlace it was
eraditated with a total of nine entohis
In Mainila there have been but forty
sis deaths, »nd We have had but one
case in thLe ltat thst lutreak o1f
pltgue instantly and effectively the
disease u- util i have spread like [ ire in
X rairi grass. Iitiusing untold st ffering
and 'rent finant-ial lass.
Duriug the lost year pnetltonlic
plague. which is invariably fatal oits
been re-ptedl r stopped at givarantiga
i\ ifiw yeiil's ago tfdosie dysentery
Sit drdl ni orn sitrayng our swldiie-t
and tivi gavesnt whr1loyensq. (i'toe
fA! aiestmI o1 i.Otio we Shave t gv-t
us th~e berst li-llhl(1. of n clubatin_ it
enul, in ansodien - water stem.
Ateriebs har e duc n reualed to ath si
tuna neL"!i;:t u! ininimumn . I'ilipiune
-vil~ing to -*ulopt ill: rimlple prer otintts
,viii'- ha'ie been :roved adlequatte loft
also en~joy (inanotilty.'
furin wteras killing as many persons
as (It(] manylpox. Its ravages have
heen greatly redutced by giving away
annually millions of doses of quinine
and by drAiainig or spraying with p
troleumn places where mosquitoes
At a cost of $3.I00.000 we have gir
en litania a modern water system.
thereby reducing, the annual deaths
from water borne diseases from 3.:68
to 1,195. Mlany provincial towns have
( by American Press Association.
MANUEL QUEZON, PHILIPPINE CONGRtESS
been given sate artesian uriiuwg wu
ter. The successful wells now exceed
800. In a number of instances the re
sulting reduction in the death rate has
exceeded 50 per cent. o
Manila had no arrangement for the
proper disposal of human waste. A
modern sewer syvtem costing 4.00(.000
pesos has largely solved this problem.
The old moat arounni the city wall
was a renitable incnuibator of tisease.
It has been converted into an ahtletic
field, where thousands of nersons take
Very in oerons homes, crowiled he!
ter skelter on sivamilpy. ilis ase infeit
eie gn--round. have eon moved to high.
dry, sanitary sites. and the regioni
thus vacated have been irain ed. hiled.
proxided with streets ani made tit for
There was not a modern operating
room. much less a modern. hospital. in
the archipelago. At a cost of approxi
mately 1.250.000 pesos we have built
and equipped the great Philippine Gen
eral hospital. which is one of the most
complete institutions of its kind in the
world. It treats some 8.000 patients
yearly. Two hundred and twenty of
its 300 beds are free. At its free clin
ic some 80.000 patients annually find
relief. A few years ago t was almost
unknown for a Filipino voluntarily to
go to a hospital.
We have established at Manila an
up to date contagious disease hospital
and a hospital for the insane.
Little by little hospital work Is be
ing extended to the provinces. At
Cebu a tine institution is ready for oc
cupancy. Others have been establish
ed and are in full operation at Baguio
and at Boutoc. and the medical and
surgical work there performed free of
charge for the wild men of the hilt=
has beenaan important factor in estab
ishing friendly and helpful relations
The cost of sanitary improvements
has been very low. Success has been
achieved without spending large sums
)f money or resorting to military meaw
LLOYD-GEORGE IN A TENT.
English Chancellor and His Wife on a
Vacation In Welsh Mountains.
When David Lloyd-George. the Eng
lish chancellor. decided to t a he a ;a
cation in the Welsh mountains he took
his wife with loin :d -roceeded to
"get h a k to nature" in every sense cof
'Thl picture shom's him on the hilll
side it Meol lhIeo'g. in the snowd t
Pht byAeia rs soition
Ptob momca I f'-ig A',sociation.
DAVID LLOYD-EORGE ON VACATION.
nian rang., far away fromi the cares
of office and the militant tactics of the
suffragettes. The tent in the back
ground was pitched facing the south.
and Mr. and Mrs. Lloyd-George slept
in it in clear weather, despite the well
known coolness of the early mornings
PENS A POEM OF DESPAIR.
Julian Hawthorne Downcast After
Failure to Get Parole.
His hopes of early freedom dashed to
the ground by the action of the gov
ernment in refusing him a parole, .Ju
lian Hawthorne, known as register No.
4,435, has written a plaintive poem in
Good Words. the prison publication. on
Dr. Morton, his partner in New York.
In prison register No. 4,434. appears to
take a more optimistic view of the sit
I ; III
uation, and contributes a poem to tij
same issue, whioh he entitles "Cour
The Hawthorne poem is as follows:
Filing along, filing along,
See where they come, eight hundred
Shuffling feet and jaded faces,
Down the aisles. diopping into their
Some upstanding, some bowed down.
With grin or snarl or sneer or frown
Here come the eight hundred of Dead
Piling past, filing past,
Nose to the front and eyes downcast,
Each in his jumper of shabby blue
(With the "U. S. P., and the number tool
Twice four hundred clad as one.
Are tgey maskers, masked for fun
Or souls in hell. all damned and done?
Filing by, filing by,
Each with his separate agony,
With his hoarded secret, never told,
I Of a life's fire quenched in a world dead
Murder, robbery, falsehood, lust,
Pellmell into one cauldron thrust
To swim if they can or to sink if they
From the cauldron a cry: Why are we
All men are brothers in sin. Must we for
the others atone?
Came answer: All flesh is a prison, whose
jailer is Time.
More grievous the sword falls on the veil
ed than the unveiled crime.
The hurt that you take®may be healer
not theirs who. blameless here.
f Wear robes snow white before men. hid
irg ulcers of evil and fear.
Filing along. filing along.
n Ages of folly, hate and wrong:
Each with its tale of might is right,
With its secret dark. with its flickering
U And our Christ on his cross amidst then
;. .1 he dead? Will he rise? Does he heal
Will be leave us to perish in our despnir
Dr. Carrel on Verge
Way to Prolong Le
TE earlier ex ierituen f
iieservntion of life in
l is's U 4 S :1 1 tte r in i * i
Llexhis RI'rre it t' lio. br m
titute at the Ihrtshoid of : p ,
ifportnuht isi mn Thi t i
neuts stablished the fau i tl it ;,
unly toubtl c 11 1 I i l4 ti t s .' 3e :, rý
td [e suilnntly' in1) t 1'nlie "i :01
i te life, hut 1th t j itv'iihiit1uhi 1 1:i lid
I'trolled 2 o I lie'tillio r w tOhll I Iii iltt'tl
In Ur. Carrel's lab~or:Itory _ 1. i=.ve"
well pro011lrting4 1rapidly' 1-"r 1(1>
than sixte(.n mnt hsl15 afti-r tli'"i"': ln
t1 frroi tihli ir:1t i ) p sti ' 1 i. '1112 h ot
1ad formed n p1 t111 lilit'rts. : tipiI tl
when removed fron t h Unniii ':j
Wis has peen mewat. 'The4 ' rc arrows"g
establish the tact that suc'h 11(11!nt
continue to gr44w huletinite~lr
As this discovery bec iamei 11411 fa
miliar" to the inlv4.ti14ator it \I115 tli;
covered that 11 (onstant relaitiiý)I 4-xist
["4 betweeni the rate of gr1owth : 1) the
irell and the comiposition of 1114 (144 >i
unt inl which it i:; prestnterve . Th1 l t f: -
)~r. ('aurel noly innoun-es, i ndwtateed
Photo by American Press Association.
DR. ALEXIS CARREL.
that certain cell jiheniomiena of the
higher animals, such as multiplication,
growth and senility, might now be ih
vestigated profitably. At first blocked
by lack of proper method, this investi
gation has now become possible
through the discovery of a technique
which permits strains of connective
tissue to multiply ihdefinitely in the
test tubes. like micro-organisms.
In the report now issued it may be
taken that the mention of senility is
intended to foreshadow an ultimate
object of this line of profound study.
That would seem to mean that this re
search is advancing toward the disco"'
erg of some menus of postponing the
approach of o1l( age.
The results of this series of -r'
sea'vches have the interest that they
prove co~nciniv~ely that Ilr. C'arre'l 11:1
taken yet ole mlore steC . toliar d the
goal oft his inquiry. HIS c' rlir r e)rtI
established the sii i liciently st1 ril 1t
furet that the i ail of the gture, i1r
isml uiy no wntiiitds entailedl the snlall
turoufofs life ft death.I Sonet suarts,
in effect his earlier cennelus=i ,i wa4
that tae :iniain tlight. die, bult thIe'eellS
of which the ie. al was compo=ed
died in a sedgoenory sense only by teii
failure to swpify the culture tediue'
which suipported their individual lift'.
The first concslsion reached was the
proof of life after death, the survival
of the cell.
The later investigation has establish
ed a knowledge of the chtaracteristics
of the growth of connective tissue,
This has led to a new result-the In
definite proliferation of a strain of
connective tissue cells outside of the
organism. The strain of connective
tissue originally obtained fromt a
fragment of chicken embryo heart,
which had been pulsating in the
test tube for 104 days. was still ac
tively alive after sixteen months of In
dependent life and 190 passages.
"It appears. therefore,'' I)r. Carrel
reports in summation, "that t11e has
i no effect oni the tissues isolateoil from
the organism and preserved by means
of the technique described. During
the sixteenth month of life in vitro the
cells increased rapidly in an nimer and
were able in a short timie to produce a
large quantity of hew tissue. This
fact, therefore, definitely ilelimonstrates
that the tissues were not in a state of
survival. as was the case in certain
earlier experiments. but in a condition
of real life. since the cells of which
they were composed, like micro-organ
isms, multiplied indefinitely in the cul'
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