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The Caucasian. (Shreveport, La.) 1900-192?, February 23, 1919, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064469/1919-02-23/ed-1/seq-5/

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Tramp, With Hidden Guns, Dead
ly to Subs.
Men Had to Be Actors as Well as
Sailors to Get Their Prey-Business
Was to Lure German Submarine
From Depths to Position Where It
Could Be Destroyed by Guns Con
oealed on Mystery Ship.
The "Q" boat, Britain's great "Hush
Bush," or mystery ship, that was re
sponsible for the sinking of more Ger
man submarines than any other device
ever attempted, has just made a de
moure appearance in the London docks.
For the modest fee of 12 cents the
British public is allowed to carry out
a self-conducted tour of inspection of
her sinister closed hatches and her
shadowed decks, where cunningly con
cealed, great guns hug their noses be
hind innocent-looking deck houses,
periscopes are to be found concealed
in chimney cowls, and whole decks
fall away at the touch of a magic but
London's "Q" boat is one 'of the ac
tual band of blood brothers which
rolled and reeled around the storm
zones, wallowing fiendishly down the
traffic lanes, looking, asking and pray
ing for trouble of the first water;
trouble with a shining horror of a tin
fish as the beginning and the end of it.
The business of a mystery ship is
well known. It is to lure a German
submarine from the depths to a posi
tion at which It may be destroyed by
guns or other engines concealed in the
ship. The events recounted to us by
the mystery ship commander happened
some time ago, but not till now has
the silence been broken.
First, the mystery commandes talk
ed about his early days when the mys
tery service was in its infancy, two
or three years ago, and of hopes de
ferred and disappointmentes. One day,
hunting in the Irish sea, he saw a fat
old tramp torpedoed without the sub
marine appearing, and soon afterward
be saw a three-masted coaster go
down-but smi no luck. The coaster,
however, gave him an inspiration.
Gets H1a Big idea.
*'f I eaid get a little ship lHie
r* e ht, 'lt- , mI~ght get a
iwsaa st." So lietwi h
Lp dbo f at * e kingdom aid at last
Spiked wapi veasel of the right sae
sad look and put into her what was
ae.wary, -an after that had doubts
walhe shbe weld float. But at last I
he began lhis ewse.
I was near the Lizard in an awful
t*eatest gafe when I got to know that
a 0iw was nea by, a torpedo passing
s dt ander the engine room, too deep 1
bM tesch the ship. "This," as the
temmander s, 'was not in the song
eIr.. We dfmt see the sub and kept
en with the men at action .stations,
with a good lookout, until three
V 'e.ck when we caught sight of him
m Aowong and pretended not to have
wpea him-his an was awful-when he
s.i on the beam 8t000 yards away,
seqa wt could see the phosphorescent
k oet his propeller. 'He went down
I Jamumed the helm hard and just
Saebled the torpeds, which came as en
Ieeted. ItRwas three feet ahead."
the anet Incident was or the French
ea st near the (Manael islands, when
he heard reports that a saubmarine
,i-. about and saw two French air
P b" s dropping bombs. This was con
;erea a anulesanee, for aything which
:rfaerb with a mystry ship being
apee and preventing it doing its
te after that, is met ulied in the
:modal esesice.
Ah thls speeial serle,it must be
~ isnd, the saig has Mrst et all to be
.ie.o , and the omAers and men
; their chances of death and
S- Ils before they can break their
i ao strike a blow. The torpedo
a = thi ship at the bulkhead Just at
Ie k bl.dge. The eommsnder was blown
'l and the forward gun dismounted
-Me fell on one of the gunners. A
--:ig coluam of water went into the
r,, and e eoang down in balk on the
( ilp did a let of damage. Fortunate
;!a no one was killed, but two other
ci.emr web adly injure.
The wounded were put in safe
Sk .tes In the 'tween decks and the
: abandP ship" party ordered into the
:bat. Ths is s a cuarous act in the
Sbg -.co medy of.the mystery ship. The,
.. ew Is so like an ordinary tramp's
"ew that its own brothers could not
tl.t the difference. come acting takes
Shce as they rush, panic stricken, to
~e aboat. It is called the "movie act."
n. e bhat bucketed away; the ship lay
:dat, [email protected] wounded uncomplaining in
Oh." blood, the rest o\ th crew bhld
iS .In their rece~es. If the ship sank
; there was no chance for any
taa. aen su~bmarine came to the
andicy off threequarters of
Swatdhafg her sink. She
owa v lowly. The uife
wak se e -msn ever
t h.
ii ^ ý
might be firing another torpedo which
would take him and his part of the
crew into eternity.
"It was a bit of a strain," he said.
"I rather wanted to know what he was
up to." At last, slowly, slowly, they
had a sight of her moving into the
line of vision. I had a look from an
other slit, and the gun layer had a
look, but it was too chancy to open
out. In this job you must get your
bird dead or there is big trouble. At
last he was right. He suspected noth
ing. I wanted to be quite sure, but at
any moment he might go down. He
didn't. We hoisted the colors and let
go when he was 350 yards away in a
position, so that we could get both
guns on him almost immediately. The
first shot got him aft the conning tow
er. The second shifted the conning
tower bodily over the side. blew the
commander up in the air. The sec
ond gun came in and blazed away on
the hull. We got 17 shots into him.
The submarine seemed to shake him
self, and then settled down by the
stern, his bow coming out of the water.
The last shots put him down altogeth
Crew Saw the Show.
The "abandon ship" party, the spec.
tators of the drama, then returned.
The wounded, who had been hurriedly
bandaged, got further attention, and
everything possible was done to save
the.ship. The man held down under
the dismounted gun had been told that
he could not be'released for a time.
All he had said was "All right, sir.'
The whole time of the affair was five
hours, and the time from the torpedos
ing of the ship till the submarine wen_
dowh was 50 minutes.
"The crew was mavonoues the
commander said, "as it ay is thai
intolerable 50 minutes.' efficels and
crew were violently sidk from *he
gases of the torpedo exullosioa on the
small vessel. The ship's books ervez
overboard in the explosion, [email protected] one of
the crew jumped over the side and ees
cued them, knowing theiP value to the
Germans if they had 4allem into dheW
Meanwhile the collies was settlin4
down. Two trawlers hal come ep, have
ing heard the firing, and the woundec
were transferred. The oommandet
carried on till they got in sight of lano
with, the ship rapidly filling. Ten miles
off land the ship was awash to the
bridge; the commander and his first of.
feer remained on board till five mim.
utes before she sank. The whole shtpl
company arrived safely in Englan.
The submarine and its crew had gone
to the bottom.
The commander received V. C. and
high decorations went to officers and
mnea. There is no finer or more a
'eeetal deed in the splendid annals ed
Brttain's anti-submarine warfare.
President Wilson dring a visit to
his mother's childhood home at Car
lisle, England, shaking hands with (
Thomas Watson, a native of Carlisle, t
who attended the Sunday school con
dnucted by President Wilson's grand
father, Doctor Woodrow, many years t
ago. Mr. Watson, who is ninety years t
old, is the only surviving member of
the class taught by Doctor Woodrow.
President Wilson was greatly inter
ested in the old man's description of
his grandfather and the Sunday
school c
Watching for Treasure. ;
Captain Kidd's supposed treasures
along the New England and. Long Is
land coasts have-a parallel in the an
thraelte coal banks of the Lehigh field
in Pennsylvania. Several huge culm c
piles, reported to contain buried chests
of money stolen nearly 50 years ago
in nearbyr villages, are being run
through washeries at Drifton and
Yorktown. Close watch is kept by
the workmen as the stuff Is put
thrOugh the screens and chutes, but ,
nothing has been discovered except 1
the bones of mules. t
P Aged Strong Man.
isaec Stayle, eightithreea years t
w ndelaims to be the champion
dce mad n of his ai e t ohio. Evera i,
aoy atMr hasome in warsville he tc s e
EI rass ties-u 'ard da. t work for c
iir ieant r years was geatl ite- .
hi0s0a granfthr and the a Sunday r
Great Britain Becomes Comprete.
ly Independent of German
o Products,
Before the War Germany Had eontrot
of Much Raw Material That Was
Vital-Finds Way to Sup
ply Potash.
London.-A remarkabMe story of
how British industries formerly de
pendent for their life blood on Ger
many have under the stress of war's
demands arisen to a state of complete
independence was told by Mr. Keilo
way, parliamentary secretary to the
British ministry of munitions, at a re
cent meeting of the industrial recon
struction council. Britain is now first
in the world in almost every sphere of
industrial effort, he said.
Beginning with raw materials, M~r.
Kelloway showed that mica, absolute
ly essential to the electrical industry,
was so controlled by Germany, al
though half the world's supply came
from India, that when the war began
the world's market was on the point
of being transferred from London to
Hamburg. But Indian mica now can
Se exported only to London, and the
British electrical industry ?as taken
the glacc termany once held and is
sew the first in the sworld,
Refore the sat the BritiSh empite
produced 49 per cent of the wolfram
ere from which tungsten #essential fot
high speed steet and in metallic fila
nents iAs made , ut so successfully
%ad germany captured the trade that
so British mlanufacturee was able to
establish the industry in this country.
We this position Germany owed te
great superiority in mnunitions produce
tion in the oarliet stages of the wat.
11 that tns been thanged. Britain is
now able to produce all the ?igh speed
steel she needs and to export a$ ' gene
sonable price to her allies.
Controllel Australiam lin.
Australia has practically unlimited
supplies of zinc ore, but Germany ob
tained control of them, and 47 per cent
of British pre-war supplies eame from
Germany, Belgium and Holland, Ger
many being Britain's largest supplier.
But now Australia's output has been
diverted, permanently, he hoped, to
Great Britain..
Great Britain used to depend entire
ly on Germany for potash, essential
for fertilizers, dyes, drugs and glass
prodeution. The war revealed that
50,000 tons of potash was going to
waste here every year in the dust a.
fumes from blast furnace gases. That
is now being collected. Germany bad
relBed on her practical monopoly in
.sa.pe of natural deposits of potash
to enable her to bargain for the recev
ey tf her world markets. She will 1
disappointed. British enterprise and
Judicious government assistance have
taken that power from her.
Ma hine tool production looked like
an almost insoluble problem at the be
ginning of the war, but so gaeatly has
production increased that before long
the power of the engine will be the
same as its weight in pounds, . e., one
pound per I ,rse-power.
The British position in 1914 in re
gard to the production of magnetos
was very grlave, byt, thanks to a dis
play, of grit in the face of almost in
superable difficulties, of resource and
of patriotism as fine In.its way as that
shown by her fighting forces, the Brit
lab magneto position has been estab
lished and made unassailable.
Foreign-Made Gun Sights.
The war was nearly, lost because the
British were almost entirely dependent
on Germany and Austria for scientific
and optical glass, essential to success.
It is humiliating, Mr. Kelloway con
tinued, but it is the fact that at the
outbreak of war a considerable part of
our artillery was equipped with gun
sights exclusively manufactured in
Germany. Two British firms started
making sights, but the position was
exceedingly serious when the ministry
of munitions was formed. Recently
these two firms were producing 250 a
week. The sight is a beautiful and
uelicate piece ok work, and its produc
tion in such numbers and in a perfec
tion which Germany never exceeded is
a triumph for British skill.
Before the war the British optical
ind scientific instrument industry had
legenerated into a collection of mid
ilemen who mainly sold instruments
,ompletely manufactured in foreign
countries. All that has been swept
tway by the bitter necessities of war,
and Britain is now self-supporting.
Her dependence on Germany and
kuttria for the glass for her miners'
eafety lamps very nearly landed her in
:iaster. The position was so serious
hat the home ,flice had to relax the
a:ndiionts ;as to the quality and dimen
i;ons of Inip.l:. Now Great Britain
s pi'odrii."ri sutlicient supplies of the
ight quality.
Before the war three out of every
our electric light bulbs in use in Great
3ritain came from Germany or Aus
nia. She is now manufacturing suffi
dent to meet her e:sential needs.
Dies From Cranking Caa
Springfield, Ill.-Exertion in crank
&. his automobile caused Theodore
. Bollinger's death, according to a
:oroner's Jury. The strain resulted
a dilation of the heart and he died
- minutes later.
Tattooed Sailor Disappears Aftet
%;ýction Excitement it
-he fncst hoas for maian sears aas
*erpetrated during the electiom *cane
paigs is tCreat Mritain, and many
prospective members of Iariiament
feel rather sore os the subject.
S)n i)ecember i a statement appeared
in all the newspapers that * mann
named Barton Mayberry, a ship fire
man, had arrived at Newcastle bearing
on his cheeks tattoo marks represent
ing the heads of serpents, which he
alleged had been inflicted by two sail
ors on the orders of a German sub
marine commander is mid-Atlantic An
April, 1917.
Naturally full play was made by the
candidates of this outrage in their
*punish Germany' campaign and pic
tures purporting to show the man's
disfigurement were published in the
illustrated papers. The crime story
appealed strongly to the doubtful vote
ers and many votes were changed.
The first intimation that the story
was a fake came when' a few hours
after the polls had closed two news
paper readers compared copies of the
picture received frors different parts
of the country. Both pictures repree
sented the same side of a man's face
-but the design sas different is each
The Prisoners of Wat Committee aIn
vestigated the matteW and ascertained
that on November 13 Mayberry applied
for registration as a seamas prepara.
tory to offering himself for employment
tn the British mercantile marine, and'
that is slaking his application he
stated that he had had me previous
sea experience. On being notified that
his Pegistratios certificate was ready
he disappeared and has bees missing
iere since,
Remaing e* a $5 Coib eund Is
A tew days ago the family of C. C.
Taylor, of Bellefonte, Pa., decided to
Least upon a goose that they had pur
l hased from a farmer. The goose was
killed and in preparing it for the oven
Mrs. Taylor felt some very hard sub
stance in the fowl's gizzard. Now this
Saroused her curiosity, and when she
cleaned the gizzard she made a close
examination and found a piece of yel
low metal about the size of a nickel.
Curious to know what it was she
took it to the Bellefonte Trust Com
pany where it was decided that it
was what remained of a $5 gold piece.
It was worn entirely smooth on both
sides !nd all the milling was gone
from the edge. Inasmuch as the goose
was only about sixteen months old
and it could not have swallowed the
money before it was almost full grown,
I it is evident that the constant grind
in a goose's gizzard will reduce al
most anything in due time.
As a matter of dollars and cents, the
coin will be sent to the Philadelphia
mint for appraisal to Aind out just how
much of its valuation remains, and then
it will be up to mathematicians to cal
culate just how much gold that goose
used in its digestive functions daily.
Hospital Surgeons Working Upon a
Small Boy.
Winnipeg hospital physicians are
making a new face for nine-year-old
Edgar Forbes of Rathwell, Man. The 1
boy's face was reduced to pulp when
he was run over by a sleiglL Every
bone was broken.
The experiment will be a success, 1
according to the physicians. The bones
were reset and will mold, they say. 1
Four dentists, after days of experi
menting in the hospital laboratory,
completed an artificial palate for his
When the boy was brought to the
hospital his face was unrecognizable.
Every bone was sunk in. Both eyes
were sunken. The bridge bones of his
nose were smashed in many pieces,
and after an X-ray examination were
found lodged in his throat.
The boy will be able to see again,
although at present he is blind in one
eye and scarcely able to distinguish
objects with the other. The eyeballs t
were not injured.
Grew Up From a Heap of Soot and j
Dirt in Garret.
For several weeks farmers observed a
a green substance on the roof of an
abandoned house on the La Gale farm 8
near Gaffney Falls, N. Y. They t
watched it grow until it attained a
height of five feet. t
Jabez Montow invited the village o
president, H. E. Shotts, and two oth- f
ers to accompany him to the house for 1:
an investigation. There they found d
two stalks of corn six feet in height, li
with two large and well-formed ears of ti
corn in each stalk, protruding from r:
the roof. The men entered the garret
of the house and found the hill of corn
in a mass of soot and dirt, an accUmu
lation of years. hi
Found Wedding Ring. dl
]Mrs. Edward M. Davis 29 years ago ca
lost her wedding ring on a farm now hi
occupied by Benjamin Krouse, near ol
Seyfert, Pa. Recently, while Misses st
Laura Krouse and Esther l altmgn w
were in the peach orchard on the farm T
they found the ring, still fairly well hI
preserved. The ring was forwarded to p1
the owner Ina Beading. a
--- T
Met Many PeriTs in Ratds [email protected]
leshee Suspended From Baffooni One
of the Greatest Dangere Hostile
Mlachines Encountered e. Became
More and More Difficult t* Get Mer
for the Work-.London Alwaiy, given
as Objective ef Raid.
Some interesting revetatoosl se to
the experiences of German airmen in
their raids on England are given in
Daily Malt. It says that the story of
these Goths raids is the story ef the
Third Germam $ombing squadrom et
about 39 machines, which were etsr
Cloned in flights at St. Denis, Westtem,
Gontrode and Mariakerke. in Belgiunm
An insight into the character ef the
Gotha crews-the best pilots refused
the work..is gaihed from the fact that
when orders came through for as at
tack on England two hours before the
start runners were sent posthaste to
search the brothels and drinking shops
of Ghent to warm the personnet. It
was common enough for severat of the
pilots to find at the moment of start
ing a "defect" sufficient to send there
back to their beer. They seldom ad
justed the machines themselves, al
though one pilot says he ftted no few.
et than five new engines in the star
board nacelle before he found one to
work properly.
Of the machines Ahich started, one.
fourth never reached the English coast,
and of those that crossed ene-half
turned back before reaching Londom.
London the Objective.
London was always given as the ob.
fective, but the officer-observer could
choose his own course and height-'
about 10,000 to 17,000 feet, which was
always the best the machines could
make. He communicated his orders to
the pilot by means of a crude press
button electrical device.
With Ostend .and the Betgian coasi
behind them, the crew were about half
-way across the North sea when, 31
miles away, in the still moonlight. they
could see the dim, white line of the
Kentish cliffs. It was unmistakable,
they said, this difference between the
sea and land even at night, and they
had little difficulty ins picking up the
North Foreland, their favorite landfall
when heading for the Thames.
It was then that the cold dread of
their adventure came upon them and
the rot set in. The stout hearts pushed
on; the less inured at the first sound
Of gunfire released their bombs pro
miscuously and made for home. Until
German headquarters refused to ac
cept the report they stated the bombs
"fell among hostile shipping."
The awful racket of the barrage of
the outer London defenses unnerved
many of the best. The huge machines
rocked and lurched in the air storms
raised by the bursting shells, and once
clear the pilots had only a moment to
brace thernselves to face the greater
danger of th? night-fighting scouts.
Many Lst Their Heads.
Many a Gothb crew' fought desper
ately and well, b others completely
lost their heads. e back of the
fuselage of one machi was riddled
by its own gunner .p.g flames
spurting from the ýll, the c ,w of an
other machine threw themselvs over
board, while the scout slowly c1frled
around the blazing mass as it fell to
earth. Yet another machine dived
from 10,000 to 3,000 feet when engaged
by a scout whose machine gun jammed
When in a position to deal the death
blow from beneath the Gotha's tail.
This Hun, in his effort to escape,
dropped 19 bombs in a space of 200
But even so, there was still another
terror to be faced before the city was
reached. As all London knows, there
was suspended from balloons thou
sands of feet above a vast system of
nets which would have cut the most
powerful machine in two. The Huns
never knew quite where these nets
were and after every trip the danger
was magnified.
Once in one of the late! raids, when
the giant (Riesen) Gothas were used,
the left wing tip ef one machine
grazed the anchor rope ef a balloon,
spun half round and dropped a sheer
600 feet before the pilot could recover.
Another machine was %eint hotly
chased over London by a scout when
a balloon net loomed before it. The
pilots strained madly at the c-ontrols,
and quarry and pursuer just elearei
the topmost strand in safety,
The tales the men told on theitr e
turn led-to one of the most striking
orders ever issued in the German air
force. During this raid (Whit Monday
last) seven machines were brought
down and three more crashed on land
ing. So great was the moral effect on
the crews that the order for a further
raid was countermanded.
$840 More in Recluse's House.
M.ore wealth was unearthed at the
humble home at Parkersburg, Pa., of
an old recluse, Edward Moore, who
lied recently, following a stroke which
came on when he decided to count
his money. While cleaning out an
ld fireplace in the hermit's- home Con
stable William Hawk found a tin box
which contained $840 in $5 gold pieces.
The money was turned over to the
bank, which, it is said, has $30,000
previously found in the old man's
Gua;rd Tells o the Escape of Ger
anan Ex.Ruler,
It Steps It Open Country and the
Amazed Body-Guard See War Lord
Flee in Automobile+Erzberger and
Scheidemann treat William as a
Grown-Up Child-Mad Scramble to
Leave Spa When End Comes.
Some day the tragicomedy of the
ex-kaiser's flight will assuredly be
known in alt its ift..in :in,? will prove
one of the sno.. t.,ivnlt interesting,
if mot one of tb. *,::',+4 *eifying, epi
sodes in history, :i:e. .aiia'n Grande
in New York t'::,. In all proba
bility, however, s.,:;ny of tiose who
would find this sa::r: tive mno't absorb
Ing wilt so long.sr be here to read it
when it appears. Any eyewitness' ac
count, therefore, of William's last
hours as kaiser cannot but arouse at
tention, especially if it bear every
mark of veracity.
This particular eyewitness was a Ger
man acting color sergeant, who, with
his company, was on guard outside the
Belgian castle at Spa where William
Hohenzollerm hid his quarters when
the altimatun, concerning his abdica
tion was delivered by Erzberger. Schei
demann, and the rest.
One day this eyewitness noticed the
kaisef walking with some one else in
the grounds of his residence, and over
heard his mnajesty's companion saying
to him:
"Seems t848 al ever again, just the
same political conjuncture! But that's
sot saying it'll end so tragically."
To which the kaiser replied fre
quently, "3a, ja."
This conversation toolt pace on the
-morning after the famous six motor
ears with Erzberger, Scheidemana and
company had returned frown the French
front at It p. en., hearing the armis
tice conditions, which apparently were
not takes s(o very tragically, for these
gentry were heard ?tughing and crack
in jokes about them with the kaiser.
"Treat Kaiser as Child.
hPie interview i.f the kaiser with
The interview rf the kaiser will
Scheidemann, Erzberger and company
will perhaps one day be made known,
but one thing is certain. Even at that
hour William Hohenzollern seemed to
fail to realize the situation, and Erz
berger and Scheidemann did not unde
ceive him. In other words, they treat
ed him as a grown-up child.
On the day after the armistice terms
were made known to the kaiser, a
Thursday, the atmosphere in Spa must
have been exceedingly electric, for
our eyewitness tells us that his regi
ment was fully armed and always on
picket duty, and that it was only be
cause they were well provided with
hand grenades that any sort of order
was preserved. -- - -
Friday night was the last night that
the kaiser slept, or rather spent, at the
white castle or country house in which
he had installed himself in Spa. In
the town the excitement was at fever
heat. The battalion t.e which our eye
witness belonged we'as parad.ing the
streets, fully armed, with fixed bay
enets and hand grenade bags full.
The next morning, Saturday, his
company was ordered to be at the rail
way station, where they were told
that a train was ready to take them
to Berlin. At the station they found
that the ex-kaiser was already in one
of the carriages, attended by a small
suite. The train left as usual, but
after. two hours' run it suddenly stop
ped, iight in the open country, and
the ex-kaiser and his suite got out
and enterel some motorcars which
were awaiting them. And away they
went! To quote the color-sergeant's
own words: "The troops accompany
ing him hung their amazed coun
tenances out of the carriage windows,
and spent the time en the return jour
ney discussing what had happened.
Every Man for Himself.
They went hack to Spa, and it was
then a ease of every anan for himself,
and the elevil take the hindmost. OfB
cers hastened to get hold of the first
available aotorear and secure as much
benzine eor etrol as possible, illing
the ears with anything on which they
could lay handsi Whether it belonged
to tlhes ) not was quite a secondary
consideration. And then eff they went,
tos. The grand general staff Pegar
packing up, and that very 9norning
Hindenburg thought it prudent t.e is*
sue as order to fort. soldiers' councils.
Apparently the eompaty to whichl
this eyewitness h.lonnged tnust stilt
have been considered 1the most faith.
!ul of alt, foe he himself left with the
same train that .ad 9.indenlimr on
board nratal wh:t wa:is left ,ofr -
rral :-t IT. 9lirlc obrg apparently
kept his o::. or rather tried to w.eep
t, to the very rd(l. If he had :..t is
'ned "c;ders for the formation t.° sol
lierse' ouncils, however, he would
rohably not have kept his hear very
ong-in the literal sense of the phrase.
One thing is certain, judging from
he statements of this eyewitness: It
nas Foch's. Haig's and Pershing's hu
nanity and aversion to needless blood
shed which saved the whole German
irmy from complete capitulation. * If
he allied generals had chosen to sac
ifice another 40,000 or .50,000 British,
rrench, Americaq and Belgian lives,
hey would have made prisoners the
!tire German army and brought about
t military catastrophe such as the
aorld has never beheld.
-- a N

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