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1/ S4 =55 SENTINEL. VOL. II. PLAQÜEMINE, PARISH OF IBERVILLE, AUGUST 15,1849. NO. Î. I terms: SnKCRiPTioN: Five p" ,lars P er annum, invariably in ad vancc. No »ubscr'P" 0 " ,ake » for a les» period than 4ne A dvertising —° ne Dollar per square, (10 lines or less) will ^„charged for the first, and Fifty Cents for every inser tion (hereafter. All advertisements not specified as to ouinherof insertions, will be published until forbid, aud ■chtrged accordingly. In both languages, charged doable. j-rinnouncements for office $10,to be paid invariably in advance. •'A Change of Men." It is stated by the Republic, as a well ascertained fact, that even at this day, w !ien thehand of justice has attempted to equalize the distribution of public offices, the Looofoco employés of the administra tion outsu-mber the whigs in the propor tion of ten to oae. This is a revelation that will strike the ■public with astonishment. The Locofoco organ at Washington has been uttering euch fearful yelle at every dismissal which the Government has been constrained to make, that the uninitiated might well ima gine Gen. Taylor to be the incarnation <of ruthless political hatred. The Union teems with editorials aud communications of which proscription is the sole theme.— Its usual cognomen for the Secretary of the Home Department is 'Butcher Ew ing,' while it appends to the title of the Postmaster Generat the sobriquet of "The Headsman." Its evident object is to create the impression that every political opponent of the administration is ejected from office, and that Gen. Taylor has proved himself more intensely proscriptive than Jackson, Polk or any other Locofoco president of merciful memorj. If the Union by this policy, seeks to de ter the administration from bestowing a fair share of the public patronage on its friends, that journal seems certainly to have attained its purpose; since it is ob vious from the statements of the Republic * that the "change of men" promised by Gen. Taylor, has been very imperfectly accomplished, when nine-tenths of the places within the gift of the Government are held and enjoyed by the most perni cious foes to Gen. Taylor and to those principles upon which his election was triumphantly carried. The removals that have been made de monstrate but too clearly the necessity for further action. It is a singular fact that nearly every prominent Locofoco office holder who has been evicted by the Gov ernment, has assailed the President and his cabinet with viruleuce, venom and personal rancor. These gentry appear dearly to have imagined, not merely that they were fully entitled to retain their pla ces under a Whig administration, but that as the avowed and inveterate enemies of the Government, the active and unprinci pled inventors and propagators of all the viie and filthy slanders with which the Cass & Butler organs reeked during the late canvass; as the receipients of the bounty of a Government which they re garded with suspicion and openly derided and abused, they were yet to be held harmless and allowed to fatten on their emoluments, even while mocking and re tiling the generosity that spared them.— This has been established by their subse quent conduct. Such foul-mouthed ri baldry, such mere wantonness of malevo lent abuse as has been poured forth against the administration by its rejected hire lings, may challenge comparison with the host beastly vulgarities that are sent forth from the nightly orgies of Five Points. We have, once or twice, furnished specimens of this disgusting and depraved vocabulary, but cannot consent further to prilute our columns by their publication, the reader may sup full of obscenity and blackguardism, if he thinks proper to con sult the pages of the Washington Union, «id particularly the communications to in which, under the signatures of "Heroic Age," "Montgomery," and the like, im part the requisite spice of ribaldry to its otherwise flat and feeble lucrubations.— The revolting task will convince every friend of decency, as well as every sup porter of Gen. Taylor, that the "change of men," heralded last summer as one of the expected fruits of a new Administra tion, is not yet half consummated.— Bee. From the Bee. California. The steamship Falcon arrived on Saturday morning at an early hour, from Chagres, bringing $170,000 in gold dust. By this arrival we have received our files of California papers to the 2d July.— They contain a good deal of interesting inteiligence, most of which, however, has been anticipated by the Sunday papers. The people of California are moving actively in the matter of forming a territo rial government. A proclamation has been issued by Brig. Gen. Riley, calling upon the people to elect members of a convention for this purpose. The con vention is to assemble on the 1st August, to provide for the administration of the existing laws, and to draft a constitution to be submitted to the people for their ratification, and subsequently to Congress. A conflict of opinion seems, however, to exist, for we find the Legislative Assembly of the District of San Francisco consider California to be without any law, civil or military, and therefore recommend that a convention should be held on the third Monday in August, at Pueblo de San Jose, for the purpose of establishing e govern ment for the territory: At San Fran cisco a meeting of the citizens was con vened ont the 12th June; at which résolu tions were adopted recommending to the people to elect delegates to a convention to form a State constitution. Gen. Riley's viewsseems generally to prevail. We learn from several of the passengers of the Falcon, that the rumors derived from Mexican sources, of seditious move ments in California, of the scarcity of gold of fatal collisions among the miners—the last are wholly unfounded. In respect to the mining operations, the following from the Alta California of the 2d ult., fur nishes the latest information: "Our latest dates are to the 24th ult., from the Sacramento mines, and from the San Joaquin country we have a few items of intelligence under date of June 25. An inordinate dearth of news and failure of correspondence forces us to compile from various accounts our summary of to-day. Throughout the mines the rivers are steadily falling. The chief impediments to successful labor during the past three months has been high water. Washings were abandoned for the dry deposits dur ing the flood, but its slow, sure abatement will now cause mining to resume its wonted vigor, while it will give impetus to trade, and animation to business gene rally.—There are vague stories of very heavy work having been accomplished at the dry diggings of the Middle Fork, American river, but from the best authen ticated accounts in our possesion we have not been able to gather information of this nature, although it is generally con ceded, we believe, that at these mines the more industrious of the numbers there employed are handsomely rewarded. We have a letter from a young man who left this office in March last. We extract: '1 have been employed on the Middle Fork: My success in mining has been of the most ordinary kind; but 1 have 'made every day count from $16 to $50. 'The waters are yet high, but I think they are gradually on the fall. I shall start in a few days for the diggings again, to find a place where I can make my pile in a few days. I know such places axe its of a in existence, and 1 think I can find one of them at least." Our correspondent writes from Sacra mento City, he is very sanguine of "good luck," and will enjoy such if industry and energy can accomplish the wished for result. An offset to the above is a state - ment of a gentleman recently arrived in the country. With a small party he visited the placer in May last, and return ed a few days since, heartily tired of gold washing. He informs us that his nett profits by the adventure would not exceed $30! This we thought pretty well for one unaccustomed to labor, and disinclined to learn. From various sources we learn that hot weather has in earnest resumed its enervating work. Climate sickness is reported to have prostrated a few indi viduals of the mining fraternity. Parties preparing for the mines should look well to the preservation of health, by strict attention to proper regimen, and by guard ing against unnecessary delay in the val ley, and exposure in every form. A death occured at Sacramento City on Monday, 28th ult., from fever, occasioned by imprudently remaining in the heat of a scorching sun, and in an exposed posi tion. Mr. Reed, the name of the de ceased, was a surveyor by profession, and well known to many of our citizens. We have no intelligence of moment from Feather or Juba rivers, if we except as surance that excessive hot weather also prevails there; the thermometer ranging at 65 deg. in the shade. The San Joaquin, and its tributary streams, are overrun with hungry gold seekers, and reports of an encouraging nature are current respecting the produc tiveness of the mines. While many there are who diligently labor and realize but inconsiderable amounts, there nre more, who by untiring zeal and well directed exertions are amply securing each a share of the golden harvest. The emigration from Sonora this season, consisting of thst class of men to which the placer is scarcely a novelty, and number of friend ly Indians of the Yakee tribe, expert wash ers all, will probably amount to about 8000 souls. They are well armed, and the appearance of such a vagaboad army of intruders on American soil, has very naturally excited American jealousies and not a little bitter feeling. Their move ments are closely watched,. and their neighborly encroachment viewed with some suspicion. About eighty miles dis tant from Stockton, situated a few leagues fram the Stanislaus river, is a settlement styled in that region, the Sonoranian Camp. Here are congregated not less than 2,500 of this people. The various deposits and washings of the San Joaquin section of the placer are generally known by traders and miners thereabouts as camps, and of these the richest is said to be Sullivan's camp, lo cated about one mile from the body of Sonarians above mentioned. The ave rage per diem of those engaged there du ring the past month, we are informed, was $25, and in many instances the espe cial favorities of Dame Fortune have ex tracted between two and three hundred dollars per day with ease, from the dry desposites. A gentleman; to whom we are indebted for much of the above infor mation exhibited to us a specimen of amalgamated gold and platina, found near the Stanislaus river. A curious combination of two precious metals, and of value we opine as a rare discovery. From the very imperfect data in our possession, and from which we ed to the limit our judgment to vouch as safe and coQSfgas lucrative ranted in asi acAd Jiuutii»' fully the an employment where energetically enga« ged in, as when the Sierra Nevada slopes were first scoured by adveturous AmerN cans, in quest of the shining treasure. The California papers contain some in telligence from Oregon. The census of that territory shows the population to be 8903 souls.—An election for a Delegate of Congress had been held, and the Hon. S. R. Thurston was chosen by a major ity of seventy over all competitors. The territory has been divided into three judi cial districts. Elections had taken place for members of a Territorial Legislative Council, but no time of meeting was nam ed." Indian difficulties had been rife in the re gion about Nisqually, and one American had been killed, but every tiling is now quiet, Governor Lane having visited that quarter. Capt. Hill, with the company of artillery under his command, would repair to Nisqually immediately upon the arrival of the Fredonia, storeship, with army supplies, then daily expected. Lieut. Hawkins of the U. S. army, is preparing to leave about the 1st of July for Fort Hall, with supplies to meet the regiment to arrive overland. We take the following from the Califor nia papers: Burning of Ship Pniladelphia in the Harbor of San Francisco. —The extraor dinary spectacle of a burning vessel was witnessed in our harbor on Sunday morn ing last, and a fine large ship entirely con sumad by fire. Particulars of this dis astrous event have been furnished us bv Capt. Samuel Weare, owner and master of the unfortunate Philadelphia. He states that about 5 o'clock, p* m , the alarm of fire was given by the crew on board, and very soon the entire forward part of the ship was wrapped in flames. The joint efforts of the crews of several vessels in the harbor, who were promptly on the spot to render assistance, proved of no avail, the fire communicating aft, and spreading with such very great rapidity as but barely to give time to secure the personal effects of Capt. W. and lady, which, with the ship's boats, were all that was saved from the devastating element. The fire originated in the forecastle, a crew of ten men having been employed in getting the ship ready for sea. Burning to the water's edge, her cables were or dered to be cut, and the wreck drifted off with the tide. The Philadelphia was 543 tons register, hailed from New York, and was under charter by Messrs Howland & Aspinwall, ofthat city. She was insured for $15,000, and was to have sailed on the 1st of July for Manilla, via Sandwich Islands. Uufortunate and fatal occurrence.— One of the disbanded volunteeis of the 1st New York regiment was shot in this place on the eveningof the 21st instant, and died about twenty-four hours after receiving the wound. His name was Benj. B. Beatty, a private, aud attached to company H. He had entered the tent of a Chilean shopkeeper, accofrrpanied by an acquaintance, and from some misun derstanding, a quarrel commenced be tween them and the foreigner, who be came frightened and produced a pistol.— It was instantly wrested from him by Beatty's companion, between whom and the shopkeeper a scuffle ensued, during which Beatty retired towards the entrance of the tent, and was in the act of passing out when a pistol was discharged. It is not known by whom the weapon was used. The ball was received by Beatty in the right side, and which, traversing the abdomen, was shortly afterwards ex tracted from the 'eft side, a few inches above the hip. He was about thirtyyears of age, and a native of Albany, N. Y., where his parents and other relatives now reside. A Novel Trick .—Since has been prevalent in the s w j JO of plans and devices hs ^onsequent/y practice to obtain brfof purchasing.— are too laz£ have been informed of, . . _ , Two men travel toge vjsit different grog shops, alter . becoming the victim of cholera.— 1-irstone pretend to be suffering dread fully from cramps, <fcc., and is led into the bar room by the other, and the sym the . n ~ pathy of the bar-keeper appealed to, pleading poverty as the excuse for not buying it. Under such circumstances, he of course succeeds, and the man gets a drink. At the next place, the other is the victim; and thus they go from grog shop to grog shop until they become intoxicated. They chanced, to go to the same grog shop twice, however, lately when the trick was discovered.— N. Y. Mirror. To Prevent Milk Souring During Thunder Storms. —We have heard great complaints from dairy women, about their milk getting sour during a thunder storm, although perfectly sweet a short time previous. The following plans, suggested by a correspondent, will prevent this in a great degree. All the pan3 con taining the milk, ought to be placed upon non-conductors of electricity; such as blocks of baked wood, pieces of glass, or wood that has been well painted and varnished. The following articles are most easily provided:—Beeswax, feathers, and woolen cloth are also non-conductors, but inconvenient to be used. All these articles will insulate the pans, and prevent the electric fluid from entering, which is the cause of acidity; or is, in fact, the principle of acidity itself. If glass basins were substituted for tin pans, the plan would be better still, and there would then be no necessity for the practice suggested above. The glass would preserve the milk much longer sweet than pans, and the acid would have no effect upon it.— We are not aware of any acid that has the least impression on glass, except the fluoric acid. All iron vessels, or vessels compounded of iron, as tin fans, attract the heat very readily, and, of course, sour the milk; and such is the affinity of iron fcr an acid, that we doubt much if it is ever washed out entirely. Iron vessels, we are confident, are the veiy worst that could be used for the purpose; they are even inferior to wood.— Am. Agriculturist. The Past Brought Back. —By an ar gument based upon known facts in na tural philosophy, in relation to the trans* mission of lisht, it has been established in a work entitled "The Earth and Stars," recently published in London, and ex citing great attention there, that "accord ing to physical science, a peison dying on this earth might, by the Creator, be immediately placed in a new body, on a distant world, in such a manner that he might see with his own eyes the whole of death, be reembodied on a planet at such a distance that the light is seventy years in passing to it from our earth, and it is evident that the first jay which reaches it there, left, the earth «venty years before; That is in its new body, it may see in its own birth, youth, manhood and age, in its former body; review any scene in its past career; be present at the commission of past sins; see the youthful and innocent face become dark with bad pasions, the clear eye dulled with polluting sins. At any period of our existence we may be made to behold again the commission of any past sin. A thousand years hence we have only to be placed on a star so distant that its light is a thousand years in coming to us, and the sin committed a thousand years ago is again present! again visible! The past, also, may not only be recalled, but it may be kept be fore our eyes. If a ray of light travels at a certain rate, as we know it does—that is, about 200,000 miles in a sec<^ to have only to move at the,^>efore an y keep any transajt^Mffay be in this way length of tUwrt's own evif.deed, and his Upon it, as a past,recalled and permanent." tt/^Mrs. Swisshelm calls the drunkard, "the common material ou$ of which all I crimina,s are manufactured; and the man who habitually converts himself into sö$ wax, ready for old Satan to run frttö any mould that suits his purpose." *fc4d)e Ö?" Albums may be said to be the dip nets wherewith young girls catch flattery.