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Etat de la Louisiane — Paroisse d t Iber rille.
Vente de Succession. EN vertu d'un décret de l'honorable cour du 6ème District de l'Etat de k Louisiane, en et pour la paroisse d'Iberville, en date du 17 Décembre, 1849, J'exposerai en vente publique M pl us offrant et dernier enchérisseur, DIercreM, te 16 de Janvier, I860, entre 10* heures a. m . et 2 heures p. m., les propriétés ci-après décrites appartenant à la Svêcestioifde feu John Mitcheltree , et la à communanté qui existait entre lui et son épouse Elizabeth Riggs. 1. Une terre ou habitation située dans la pa roisse d'Iberville, sur le coté sud west du Low er Grand River, mesurant cinq cent quatre vingt huit 71-100 acres de superficie, ensemble avec toute* les bâtisses et améliorations, qui existent sur la dité habitation; telles que maison de ré sidence, sucrerie, cabanes â negres, &c. 2d. Une autre terre, située dans la dite pa roisse d'Iberville, sur la coté nord east du Low er Grand River, mesurant trois cent soixante trois 70-100 acres de superficie, bornée du coté d'en haut par terre de A. G. Stringer, et en bas par terre ae C. Adams, jr.; ensemble avec ton tes les ameliorations qui lui appartiernent. Ewbtrei. 3d, Lawson , nègre homme, âgé de 40 ans; 4th. Dan , nègre homme, âge de 38 ans; 5th. Annisse , negresse, âgé de 30 ans, et ses trois enfants —6, Aaron , âgé de 6 ans; 7,E nooh , âgé de 4 ans, et 8, Eliza , de 2 ans. 8th. Un lot de Mobilier. Termes et Conditions de la Vente. Les terres payables un tiers en Mars 185!, un tiers en Mare 1852, et un tiers en Mars 1853. Les esclaves, un tiers in Mars 1850, un tiers en Mare 1851, et un tiers en Stars 1852. Le mobilier payable tontes sommes de vingt piastres et audessons comptant le jour de vente, et tontes sommes au-dessus de vingt piastres, peyables en Mars 1850. Les acquéreurs fourniront leurs billets en dossées à la satisfaction de l'administratrix de la dite succession, payable à l'office du Recor der de la paroisse d'Iberville, et porteront inté rêt à raison de huit pour cent par an après échéance. Hypothèque spéciale sera retenue sur les terres et esclaves pour assurer le paie ment des dits billets et intérêts. La vente aura lien à la dernière résidence du dit feu John Mitcheltree, dans la dite Paroisse. J. L. PETIT. Sherif. Paroisse d'Iberville, ce Dec. 17, 1849.-decl9 Etat de la Louisiane — Paroisse d'Iberville. Vente de Succession. EN vertu de trois décrets de la cour de Dis trict, en et pour la paroisse d'Iberville —1, un dans le procès de H. F. Deblieux, Adm'r. de là succession de Jh. Materne vs."3. P. Breaux, en date du 12 Sept. 1849; 2, un autre dans la succession de Joseph Materne de la même date; 3, le troisième dans la succession de Jacques Piercire Breaux, en date du 13 Dec. 1849— J'exposerai en vente publique ou plus offrant et dernier enchérisseur — Samedi, le 19 Janvier, 1850, sur l'habitation ci-après décrite à 10 heures a. m ., les propriétés ci-après décrites apparenant aux successions de Joseph Materne et Jacques Piercire Breaux, et à la société qui existait en tre eux, savoir; 1. Propriétés de la dite société: Une habitation située dans la dite paroisse, sur la rive ouest du bayou Grosse Tête, mesu rant neuf arpents de face au dit bayou sur qua rante arpents de profondeur, plus* ou moins, borné en haut par terre de Wm. Briggs, et en bas par terre de Marcelin Bossié, ensemble les bâtisses et améliorations, telles que sucrerie, moulin, &c. &c. Les dis Esclaves, ci-après"nommés: Bill, âgé de 27 ans; Isaac, âgé de 30 ans; Tom, âgé de 20 ans; Young Eloi, âgé de 20 ans; Old Eloi , âgé de 40 ans; Synda, âpc de 30 ans; Viney, âge de 39 ans; François alias Puss, âgée de 20 ans; Marguerite, âgée de 21 ans, et son enfant Isaac, âgé de 3 ans. Aussi que le mobilier appartenant à la dite habitation, ainsi que les chevaux, bêtes-à-cor nes, &c. & c. Biens de la succession de feu Joseph Materne: Les Quinze Esclaves, ci-après nommés: Jim, âgé de 36 ans; Draustn, âgé de 26 ans; Bazile, Agé de 17 ans; Ovide, i-gé de 14 ans; Alexandre, âgé de 13 ans; Ursin, âgé de 12 ans; Rosalie, âgée de 46 ans, et ses deux en fants, Isaac, Agé de huit ans, et Vieiorine, âgée de 3 ans. Marie, âgée de 30 ans, et ses 4 enfants, , j » ■ « i , Alfred, âge de 8 ans; Baptiste, âge de 5 an r âg * de3allS ' eUon V* til | enfant agt d un an; J Rosette, âgée de 25 ans. _ ! Le mobilier appartenant â la dite succession, Vente. ,, *. . L'habitation payable $7000 comptant, et la ■ WltiMitt Mars 1850, uti tier- en Mars i tier! «D Mars 1852. Les esclaves i IT à % société payables, la moitié I ■ comptant,' et la balance payable en Mars !850, j 1851 et j Les esclaves appartenant â la scccession de ' Joseph Materne payables comme suit savoir Rosalie, et ses deux enfants $200 comptant; Marie et ses quatre enfants $200 comptant; et Diausiii) Jim, Bazile, Ovide, Alexandre, Ursin et Rosette cliaem $100 comptant, et la balance ; payable en trois termes égaux comme ci-dessus. Le mobilier payable tontes sommes n'excé dant pas $10 comptant, et tontes-sommes au dessus de $10 payables en Mars I?o0. I.es acquéreurs fourniront leurs billets endos sés à la satisfaction des administrateurs; pour les propriétés de la société les acquéreurs four niront deux billets, chacun pour la moitié de chaque terme endossés comme ci-dessus les quels billets seront payables au bureau du Re order delà dite paroisse, et eil cas de non payment à échéance, ils porteront intérêts à 8 pour cent per an. Hypothèque speciale sera retenue sur la terre et les esclaves pour sûreté du paiement des dits billets et tous intérêts eventuels. Actes de vente parderant le Recor der aux frais des acquéreurs. J. L. PETIT, Shérif. Iberville, 18 Dec. 1849. Succession de R:ch'd i Cour du 6; me Di -iric , H. Hinds, No 120, pe- > Paroisse d'Iberville , tition pour l'adm'n. ) Etat dt la Louisiana. ATTENDU que Alexander G. Stringer a présent: une petition .< la cour ù l'effet d'obtenir les lettres d'administration à la suc cession de Richard H. Hinds, d cédé, avis e*t par le présent de donné à tous ceux que cela peut concerne d'avoir à déduire sous dix jours les raisons pour lesquelles il ne serait pas fait droit à la dite petition. Par ordre de la cour ce 7 Jan. 1850. j I I j ! ! i \n\n msrr .c f\o£] i*4c\ 4ND OFFICIAL JOURNAL. • ■■■ PLAQUEMINE, LA., PARISH OF IBERVILLE, JANUARY 1(3, 1850. VOLUME II.—NO. 24. Sitiie iif Louisiancc—Parish of Iberville. Succession Sale. BY virtue of a decree or order of the hon orable6th District Court for the State of iLouisiana, in and for the parish of Iberville, bearing date the 17th of December, 1849, I will offer at public sale to the highest and last Wdder, on 'Wednesday, 16th of January, ]850, between the hours of 10 a. m ., and 2 p. M., the following described property, belonging to the Snccessio?*. of John Mitch«ltree, and to the .community which existed between said deceased and his surviving widow, Eliza beth Riggs. 1st. A PLANTATION OR TRACT OF LAND, situated in the parish of Iberville, on the south west side of Lower Grand River, containing 588 71-100 superficial acres, toge ther with the buildings and improvements thereon being and belonging, consisting in Dwelling House, Sugar House and mill, and all the Apparatus for making Sugar. 2d. Another Tract of Land, situated in said parish, on the north-east sidp of Lower Grand River, containing 363 70-100 superficial acres, bounded above try land of Alexander Stringer, and below by lUnd of C. Adams, jr., together with all the improvements thereon being and belonging. Slaves. 3d.- Lawson , negro man, aged 40 years; 4th. Dan , negro man, aged 38 years; 5th. Annisse , negro woman, aged 30 years, and lier three children— 6, Aaron , aged 6 years, 7, Enoch , aged 4 years, and 8, Eliza , aged 2 years. 9th. A Lot of Moveables. Terms of Sale. The Lands payable one-third in March«fc851, one-third in March 1852, and one-third in March 1853. The moveables, all sums of $20 and under payable in cash on the day of sale, and all sums over $20 payable in March, 1850. Purchasers to furnish notes endorsed to the satisfaction of the Administratrix of said suc cession, payable at the office of the Recorder of said parish, and to bear eight per cent interest per annum, from time due till paid. Special mortgage to be retained on the Luids and slaves to secure the payment of said notes and inter ests. Sale to take place at the last residence of said deceased, in said parish. * J. L. PETIT, Sheriff. Parish of Iberville, Dec, 17,1849. decl9 State of Louisiana—Parish cf Iberville. Sucesesion Sale. BY virtue of three decrees of the District Court of the parish of Iberville; 1st, one in the suit of H. F. Deblieux, administrator of the succession of Jos. Materne, vs. J. P. Breaux, for a partition, dated 12th September, 1349— 2d., another in the matter of the succession of Jos. Materne, dated on the sa ma day—and 3d, another in the matter of the succession of Jac ques Piercire Breaux, dated the 18th Decem ber, 1849—1 will proceed to sell at public auc tion, on Satariay, Ittk January, 1990, on the plantation hereinafter described, com mencing at the hour of 10 x. the following property, real and personal, being that of the Successions of th* taii X Materne and J.P. Breaux, deceased, and of the pHrinërsliin wfaieh existed betwean •them, to wit: Property of said partnership, and belonging to the saiJ two successions, in equal undivided shares: . A PLANTATION, or tract of Land lying and situate in this parish, on the west side of Bayou Grosse Tete, measuring nine arpents front on said bayou by forty in depth) more or less, bounded above by land of Win. Briggs, and below by land of -Marcellin Bossié; said land established and cultivated as a sugar plan I tation. Ten Slaves: Bill, aged about 27 years; Isaac, aged about 30 years; Tom, ngH about 20 years; young Eioi, aged about 20 years; Old Eloi, aged about 40 years; Synda, aged about 30 years; Viney, aged about 39 years: François alias Puss, aged about 20 years; Marguerite, aged about 21 years, and her child Isaac, aged about 3 years. And ail the iroveables attached to the said plantation, including work cattle, horses, uten sils, &e. Separate property of the succession of Jo seph Matern: Fifteen Slaves: Jim, aged about 30 years; Drauzin, agtd about 26 years; Bazile, aged about 17 years; Ovide, aged about 14 years; Alexandre, aged about 13 years; * Ursine, aged about 12 years; Rosalie, aged about 46 years, and her two chi ldren, Isaac, aged 8 years, and Victorine, 5 years; Marie, aged about 30 years, and lier four children, Alfred, 8 years; Baptiste, 5 years; Theodore, 3 years: and another child one year old: Rosette, aged about 25 years; And all the moveables of the separate estate of the said Joseph Materne, as inventoried. Terms. On the Plantation, $7000 in ca^li on the day of sale,and the balarièe payable in three equal instalments of one-third in all March of e.teh of the years, 1850, 1851 and 1852. The slaves of the partnership payable one-half of the price cash, and the balance in three eqnal annu al instalmentsinall March 1850 ; 1851 and 1852. The slaves of the succession of Joseph'M.i terne payable, Rosalie and her two children, Isaac and Victorine, $200 cash: Marie and her four chileren, $200 cash: and Drauzin, Jim, Ba zile, Ovide, Alexandre, Ursin and Rosette, each $100 cash; and the balance payable in three equal instalments as above. The moveables payable, all sums not ex ceeding $10 cash, all sums above in March, 1850. On the land and slaves sold, notes endorsed to the satisfaction of the administrators, to be given by the purchasers, to be secured by spe cial mortgage in acts of sale, and those to be passed before the Recorder of this parish.— The notes given for the partnership property will be two for each instalment of the price, and each for one-half of such instalment.— Notes for the price of the personal property to be given also, endorsed as aforesaid. All notes payable at the office of said Recorder, and to bear after maturity 8 per cent interest till paid. J. L PETIT, Sheriff. Iberville, Dec. 18, 1849.-decl9 In the succession ot i 6 th District Co Rich. H. Hinds, dee'd,No > Parish of Iben. 120, petition for ad'm. J State of Louisiai Surcession de John i Cour de 6me District, Spright, dec., No. 114,/ Paroisse d'' Iberrille, petition pour l'adm'n. ) Riat de la Louisiane. ATTENDU que Alexander G. Stringer a présente une petition à la cour sus-dite, à l'effet d'obtenir l'administration de la suc cession de feu John Stringer, d cède, avis est par le posent donné à tous ceux que cela peut concerner, d'avoir à déduire sous dix jours les raisons pour lesquelles il ne serait pas fait droit à la dite pétition. Par ordre de la cour ce Jan. 7, 1850. jan9 PA UL DEBIJEUX, GreHier. In the succession of } 6th District Court, ville, of Louisiana. "ÏT ^HERFAS, Alexander G. Stringer, having m petitioned this court for letters of ad ministration on the estate of Rich'd.H. Hinds, deceased, notice is hereby given to all,whom it may concern to show cause within ten days •»!iy the prayer of the said petitioner should not be «ranted. By order of court. Jan. 7. 1850. jan9 PAUL DEULIEUX, Clerk. Succession of John } 6th District Court, Sj/right, deed, No. 114, > Parish of Iberville, petition for Adrn'n. ) Slate of Louisiana. WHEREAS, Alexander G. Stringer has pe titioned the aforesaid court to be ap pointed administratrix of the succession of the late John Spright, deceased, notice is hereby given to all whom it may concern to show cause within ten days, why the prayer of the said petitioner should not be granted. By order of the Court, Jan. 7,1850. jan9 PAUL DEBLIEUX, Clerk. CITY ADVERTISEMENTS. §ilk Goods Establishment. C. TALE, JR. & CO., Mo. 27 Magazine st., WHOLESALE v DEALERS IN SILK, FANCY AND STRAW GOODS Millinery Articles, Bonnets, Laces, Gloves, Shawls, Hosiery and Linens. N(j. 27 Magazine st., New Oeleaks If. R. Louisiana No. 11» Common street. BEACH'S Carriage No. 110 Gkavier st. Repository, (Rear cf the St. Charles Hotel, New Orleans.) Constantly on hand, Carriages of approved modern style, and best workmanship, from emi nent manufacturers in Philadelphia, Newark and New York, all of which are offered for sale on accommodating terms. oc24 6m Mew Goods—Mew Goods. Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and Fancy Goods• jX E. A. TYLER, l 39 Camp street, vi* Is now daily receiving additions to Iiis well selected stock, consisting of FINE WATCHES of the best make, in Gold and silver cases; rich MANTEL CLOCKS and' VASES: Gold. Guard. Fob, snd Vest Chains; Seals. Keys and Chain Oranments; Gold Pencils and Pens; Thimbles, Buckles, new patterns of Bracelets. Pins, Ear Rin°s and Neckïace»; a beau tiful assortment of Diamond Kings. Pins, Ear Kings and Studs; Silvei and silver pin ted Ware; Silver Card Cases, Snoff Boxes, &c.; Gold, silver, shell and steel Spectacles, with glasses to suit all eyes; Paper Machie; Fancy Goods, Fine Peifnuiery—to gether with a great variety of other articles too nu merous lo mention. Strangers visiting the city are invited to call and examine his goods, any of which will be sold at very low prices. oolO ly Mew York Saddlery Warehouse, No. 15 Canal, near Camr street, Andrew G. Bull & Co., Ma Cr^a nnfacturersand Dealers in Saddles. Hridlfs. r: — T „„ v ,., . <^ry \y ar ^ Coach Trifn«mi»î*. and Purni. tute nf evrv description. A!«n. Harnes«, Bridie 'and Band l^aibi-r. Ii avilis a (argn and compietf as^or'uient. «e lï > >mt d> f.m i; nt <- - .r . <o r.ne a lone list of rrieleS, luit iuvi è u urrhs-a- • an as; -ai r» that they will, m so ii.ii ( >2, procure what they want, and at prie - unus'iahy low, at the sign of the Black Horse's Head, \'o 15 j Canal street. New Orleans, oc24 3m I PUBLISHED EVERY WF.DNESD.AY, By William P. Bradbiiru. Office, second house above the Bunk, to the right from the river. terms OE the sentinel. Subscription :—Five Dollar* per milium, iiivariuhly in ad vance. No »subscription taken for a Ichs period than one year.. A dvertising :—-One Dollar per square, (10 Ii nesorle**) w il hechargred for the first, and Fifty Cents fornyrry inser tion thereafter. All advertisement» not specified osto number of insertions, willbe published until forbid, and charged accordingly, fn both language*,charged double (LTAnnounccments for office #10, to be paid invariably in advance. PLAQUEMINE: WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 16, 1850. President's Message.' [concluded.] A contract having been concluded with the States of Nicaragua, by a company composed of American citizens, for the purpose of comstruet ing a ship canal through the Territory of tlie State, to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, I have directed the negotiation of a treaty with Nicaragua, pledging both governments to pro tect those who shall engage in and perfect the work. All other nations are invited by the State of Nicaragua to enter into the same treaty stipulation with her,and the benefit to be deriv ed Tiy each, from such an arrangement, will be the protection of this great inter-oceanic com munication against any power which might seek to obstruct it or monopolize its advantages.— All States entering into such a treaty will en joy the right of passage through the canal on payment of the same tolls. The work if constructed under these guaran te es will become a bond ot" peace instead of a I subject of contortion and strito between the na- ' tions of the earth. Should the maritime States of ; ; Europe agree to this arrangement (and we have 1 ; ho reason lo suppose that a proposition so fair i ai,d honorable will be opposed by any,) the j ! eneririesof their people and ours will co-operate 1 I in prtimoi ing the success of the enterprise. 1 j do not recommend any appropriation from the ' I n; t'si al treasury fortius purpose, nor do I' I belit-ve that such an appropriation is necessary, j j Private enterprise, if properly protected, will j complete the work, should it prove to be feasi. ! bio. The parties who have procured the chnr ! ter from Nicaragua for its construction desire i no assistance from this government beyond its protec t ion, and t hey profess, that, having ex amined the proposed line of communication, t they will be ready to commence the undertaking ; whenever ^iat^protection shall be^ extended to ihe natives ana incucingtnem to aaopt a system of government and laws suited to their wants, capacity and merits, and the use made them. Should there appear to be reason, on examing the whole evidence, to entertain a se rious doubt of the practicability of constructing such a canal, that doubt could be speedily solv ed bv an actual exploration of the route. Should such a work be constructed under the common protection of all nations, for equal benefits to all, it would be neither just nor ex pedient that any great or maritime State should command the communication. The territory through which the canal may be opened ought to be freed from the claims of any foreign power. No such power should in any way occupy a position that would enable it hereafter to exer cise so controling an influence over the com merce of the world, or to obstruct a highway which ought to be dedicated to the common uses of mankind. The route aeross the Isthmus at Tehuantepec and Panama are also worthy of our serious consideration. They did not fail to engage the attention of my predecessor. The negotiator of the treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo was in structed to offer aveiy large sum of money for the right of transit across the Ithmus of »Te huantepec. The Mexican Government did not accede to the proposition for the purchase of the rihgt of way, probably because it had already contracted jvith private individuals for the con struction of a passage from the Guasacualco ri ver to Tehuantepec. I shall not name any pro position to purchase for money, a right which ought to be equally secured to all nations, in payment of a reasonable toll to the owners of the improvement, who would doubtless be well cot)tented with that compensation, and the guarantee of the maritime States of the world in separate treaties, negotiated with Mexico, binding her and them to protect those who should construct the work. Such guarantee would do more to secure the completion of the communication through the Territory of Mexico than any other reasonable considerations that could be offered, and as Mexico herself would be the greatest gainer by the opening of the com munication between the Gulf and the Pacific ocean, it is presumed that she would not hesitate to yield btr aid in the manner proposed, to ac complish an improvement so important to her own best interests. We have reason to hope that the proposed railroad across the Isthmus of Panama will be successfully constructed under the protection of the late treaty with Nfcw Grenada, ratified and exchanged by my predecessor on the 10th day of June 1848, which guarantees the perfect neutrality of the Isthmus, and the rights of so vereignty and property of New Grenada over the territory, with a view that the free transit from oeean to ocean may not be interrupted or embarrassed during the existence of the treaty. It is our policy to encourage every practicable route across the Isthmus, which connects North and South America either by a railroad or canal, which the energy and enterprise of our citizens may induce them to complete; and I consider it obligatory upon me to adopt that policy es pecially in consequence of the absolute neces sity of f icilitatine intercourse with our posses sions oh the Pacific. Tile position of the Sand wich i lands with reference to the Territory of • he TTüiti'd States on the Pacific—the success of our persevering and benevolent citizens who have repaired to that remore quarter in christian the natives arid inducingthem to adopt a by our numerous whale ships of the harbors of Islands, to obtain refreshments, and repairs— all combine to render their destiny peculiarly interesting to us. It is our duty to encourage the authorities of these Islands in their efforts to improve and elevate the moral and political condition of the inhabitants, and wc should make reasonable allowance for the difficulties inseparable from this task. We desire that the Islands may maintain their independence, that other nations should concur with us in this sentiment. We could in no event be indiffer ent to their passing under the dominion of any other power. The principal commercial States hnv«. în ti.ia a common interest,and it is to be have in this hoped that no one of them will attempt to in terpose obstacles to the entire independence of the Islands. The receipts'into the treasury for the fiscal year ending on the 30th of June last, were, in cash, $48.830,097 50, and in treasury notes funded $10, 833,000, making an agregate of $59, 665,097 50; and the expenditures for the same time were, in cash, J$ 16, 798,666 82, and in treasury notes funded, $10 333,000 making an aggregate of $57,667 82. The accounts and estimates which will be submitted to Congress in the report of the Sec retary of the Treasury, show that there will probably be a deficit, occasioned by the expen t ses of the Mexican war and treaty, on the 1st day July next, of $5,828r 191, 66, and on the 1st day of July, 1851, of $10,527,092 73, mak ing in the whole a probable deficit to be provi ded for of $16,375,214,39. The extraordinary expenses of the war with Mexico, and the pur chase of California and New Mexico exceed in amount this deficit, together with loans hereto fore made /or those objects. 1 therefore rcccom rnend that authority be given to borrow what ever sum may be necessary to cover that deficit. I recommend tho observance of strict economy in the appropriation and expenditure of the pub lic moneys. I recommend a revision of the existing tariff", and its adjustment on a basis which may aug ment the revenue. I do not doubt the right of Congress to encourage domestic industry, which is the great cause of national as well as indi vidual wealth and prosperity. I look to the wis pom and patriotism of Congress for the adop tion of a system which may place home labor, at least on a sure and permanent footing, and by due encouragement of manufactures, give a new and increased stimulus to agriculture, and promote th« development of our vast resour ces and the extension of our commerce. Be lieving that to be the attainment of those ends, (as well as the necessary augmentation of the revenue and the prevention of frauds) a system of specific duties is best adapted. I strongly recommended to Congress the adoption of that system, fixing the duties at rates high enough to afford substantial and sufficient encourage ment to our own industry, and at the same time so adjusted as to iusure stability. The question of the continuence of the Sub Treasury system is respectfully submitted to the wisdom of Congress. If continued, impor tant modifications of it appear to be indispen sible. t For futher details and views of the above and other matters connected with commerce, the finances and revenue, I refer to the report of the Secretary of the Treasury. No direct aid has been given by the General Government to the improvement of agriculture, except by the expenditure of small sums for the collection and publication of agricultural statistics, and for some chemical analysis, which have been thus far paid for out of the patent fund. This aid is, in my opinion, wholly ina dequate to give to this leading branch of Ameri can industry the encouragement which it me rits. I respectfully recommend the establish ment of an Agricultural bureau, to be connect ed with the Department of the Interior. To elevate the social conditiou of the agriculturist, to increase his prosperity, and extend his means of usefulness to his country, by multiplying his sources of information, Bhould be the study of every statesman, and a primary object with every legislature. No civil government having been provided by Congress for California, the people of that ter ritory, impelled by the necessities of their po litical condition, recently met in convention for the purpose of forming a Constitution and State Government, which tire latest advices give reason to suppose has been accomplished: and it is believed they will shortly apply for the admission of California into the Union as a Sovereign State. Should such be the case, and should their constitution be conformable to the requisition of the constitution of the Uni ted States, I recommend their application to the favorable consideration of Congress. The people of New Mexico will, also, it is believed, at no very distant period, present themselves for admission into the Union.— Preparatory to the admission of California and New Mexico, the people of each will have in stituted for themselves a republican form of go vernment, laying its formation in such princi ples and organizing its powers in such form as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness. By awaiting their action all causes of unea siness may be avoided, and confidence and kind feeling established. With a view of maintain ing the harmony and tranquility so dear to all, we should abstain from the introduction of those exciting topics of a sectional character which have hitherto produced painful apprehen sions in the public mind, and I repeat the so lemn warning of the first and most illustrious of my predecessors against furnishing "any grounds for characterising parties by geogra phical discriminations." A collector has been appointed at San Fran cisco under the act of Congress extending the revenue laws over California, and measures have been taken to organize the custom-houses at that and the other parts mentioned in that act, at the earliest period practicable. The Collector proceeded overland, and advices have not yet been received of his arrival at San Francisco. Meanwhile, it is understood that the customs have continued to be collected by officers acting under the military authority, as they were during the administration of my pre decessor. It will, I think, be expedient to con firm the Collections thus made, and direct the avails, (after such allowances as Congress may think fit to authorize) to be expended within i the territory, or be paid into the treasury for the purpose of meeting appropriations for the un provements of its rivers and harbors, A party engaged on the coast survey was 1 dispatched to Oregon in January last. Accord j ing to the latest advices, they had no. left Cal I ifornia, and directions have been given them, I that as soon as thev shall have fixed on the site of the two Liglit houses and the buoys | authorized to be constructed and placed in < )r ! egon, to proceed without delay to make recon ) noisances of the most important points of the I coast of California, and especially to examine and determine on a sight for Light houses on that coast, the speedy erection of which is ur gently demanded by our rapidly increasing commerce. I have transferred the Indian agencies from tmper Missouri and Council Bluffs to Santo Fe and Salt Lake, and have caused to be ap pointed sub-agents in the valleys of the Gila, the Sacremento, and San Joaquim rivers. Still further legal provisions will be necessary for the effective and successful extension of our system of Indian intercourse over the new Territories. „ I recommend the establishment of a branch Mint in California, as it will, in my opinion, af ford important facilities to those engaged in mining, as well as to the Government in the disposition of the mineral lands. I also recommend that commissioners be or ganized by Congress to examine and decide upon the validity of the present subsisting land titles in California and New Mexico, and that provision be made for the establishment of of fices of Surveyor General in New Mexico, Cal ifornia, and Oregon, and for the surveying and bringing into market the public lands in these territories. These lands, remote in position and difficult of access, ought to be disposed of ! on terms liberal to all, but especially favorable to the early emigrants. In order thst the situation and character of the principal mineral deposits in California may be ascertained, I recommend that a geological and mineralogieal exploration be connected with the linear surveys, and that the mineral lands b« divided into small lots suitable for mi ning, and be disposed of by sale or lease so as to give our citizens an opportunity of procur ing a permament right ot' property in the soil. This would seem to be as important to the suc cess of mining as of agricultural pursuits. The great mineral weal! h of California, and the advantages which its ports and harbors, and those of Oregon, afford to commerce, especially with the Islands of the Pacific and Indian oceans, and the populons regions of Eastern Asia, make it certain that there will arise in a few years large and prosperous communities on our Western coasts. It therefore becomes im portant that a line of communication, the best and most expedient which the nature of the country would admit, should be opened within Jhe territory of the United States from the na vigable waters of the Atlantic or the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific. Opinion, as elicited and expressed by two large and respectable conventions lately assembled at St. Louis and Memphis, points to a railroad, which' if practi able, will best meet the wishes and wants of the country. But while this, if in successful operation, vould be a work of great national importance and of a value to the country, which it would be difficult to estimate, it ought also to be re garded as an undertaking of vast magnitude and expense, and one which must, if indeed be practible, encounter many difficulties in its con struction and use. Therefore, to avoid failure and disappointment, to enable Congress to judge whether the condition of the country through which it might pass, the work be feasi ble, and if it be found so, whether it should be undertaken as a national improvement or left to individual enterprise, and in last alternative, what aid, if any, ought to be extended to it by the government, I recommend, as a preliminary measure a careful reconnoisance of the several proposed routes by a scientific corps, and a re port as to the practicability of making such a road with an estmate of the cost of its con struction and support. Fer further views on these and of matters connected with the duties of the Home Depart ment, I refer you to the report of the Secretary of the Interior. I recommend early appropriations for contin uing the river and harbor improvements whieh have already begun, and also for the construc tion of those for which estimates have been mede, as well as for examinations and estimates preparatory to the commencement of such oth ers as the wants of the country, and especially the advance of our population over new dis tricts, and the extension of commerce may ren der necessary. An estimate of the amount which can be advantageously expended within the next fiscal year, under the direction of the bureau of topographical engineers, accompa nies the report of the Secretary of War, to whieh I respectfully invite the attention of Congress. The acssion of territory made by the late treaty with Mexico, has greatly extended our exposed frontier and made its defence more difficult That treaty has also brought us un der obligations to Mexico, to comply with which a military force is requisite. But our military establishment is not materially chang ed as to its efficiency from the condition in which it stood before the commencement of the Mexican war. Some addition to it will therefore be necessary, and I recommend to the favorable consideration of Congress an increase of the several corps of the army at our distant western posts, as proposed in the accompany ing report of the Secretary of War. Great embarrassment has resulted from the effect upon rank in the army, "heretofore given to brevet and staff commissions. The views of the Secretary of War on this subject are deem ed important, and, if carried into effect, will, it is believed, promote the harmony of the service. The plan proposed for relieving disabled of ficers, and providing an asylum tor such of the rank and fife as from age, wounds apd other infinities occasioned by service, have become unfit to perform theiif respective duties, is re commended as a means of increasing the effi ciency of the army, and an act of justice due from a grateful country Jo the faithful soldier.