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SOUTHE He fiftXSgfgggj SENTINEL. OFFICIAL JOURNAL. PLAQUEMINE, LA., PARISH OF IBERVILLE, JANUARY 23, 1850. VOLUME IL— NO. 25. CITY ADVERTISEMENTS. jKitaal Bcielt Life Mi Fire I»so raice Company. BUSIKESB 08 the compast cokfined to life in surance. Permanent Fund by Act cf Incorporation, $200,000. Which permanent fond are to be invested as per charter, for the benefit of the policy holders, in bonds and mortgages on unincumbered real estate valued at double the amount loaned thereon, and in stocks of the State, and of the United States Government This Company being organized, not for the benefit of stockholders and capitalists, but sole ly for the protection of the policy holders and their families against want and poverty, is in its opérations a great National benevolent in stitution, conducted upon the most pecure and solid principletigpa&jiFording for a small annu al sum, paid duringjife, a large and handsome legacv to widow* and children after death. All policy holdes, whether for life or shorter terms, who continue the insurance till death, participate in the whole of the profits of the company, without any reservations. Creditors can injure the lives of debtors, thus securing a prompt settlement in case of death. A married woman can effect insurance on the life of lier husband, for the sole benefit and use of herself and children,free from the claims of creditors. Trustees: John Hagftn, Peter Conrey, Jr. Robert I. Ward, Isaac Johnson, John. SL Allison, Edward P eter C osbst , Jr, tees. Joseph Walker, Maunsel White, Samuel Stewart, ßeo. Strawbridge, Wm. E. Leverich, Henry S. Buckner. of Trus Joseph VI John L.1 Wp.ll, j John L. f Directors: . . Stanton, John Stroud, Sr., ewifc John Calhoun, Soodirjich, Joshua Baldwin,, «vans, Warrick Martin, * A D. Crossman, Mark Walton, Cornelius Fellowes, Joseph Lallande, Ed. Jenner Coxe, M.M. Cohen, Preston W. Fare», William H. White, John D. Bein, Wm. C. Tompkins, John B. Leefe. Joint H agau , President of the Company. P resto* W. F arbar , Vice President. A J. W eddeuvbx , M. D., ) Medical Board T hokas H üht , M.D., j of Consultation, nimnyBcra M D.^ Médical Examiner, No. 371 M y»«« at Office honrs for blacks, 7i to 8±, a . do, for whites, 2 to 3 p. *., at his resident*. Hfc will examine white applicants at the office of the Company daily, from 12* to 2 o'clock, f. m . He wfll not examine any one athia dwelling without a permit, which can be had On application at the office of the Comp» ny. IT This company is prepared to entertain applications for Li» Insurance^nd issue Poli cies, on all Bound' Mt lMlthv White persons atid Negroes, at the Takle of Rates established by the Board, which are less than the rates charged by the New York and London offices, and without their restrictions as to residence in the fhMth. By the chatter, dividends of pro fita are de elared annunHy, and the profits draw interest, andean be made available at once to the «"*«* of 1 wetkjrdn of their amount, When the party hkepam his premiums in full California pennita an issued to Life Insu rance members at New York and London rates, prospectas, table of rates, and all information aato Life Insurance, and all papers necessary to efltat Insurance, ean be had at the office of the ComnuQr. KTExtensive Travelling Privileges allowed. Office No. 94 Gfavier st, au22 ly Between Camp and St Charles sts. unuiT Few doors WABEB0U8E. Hewlett's £3 Common street. BROTHE ■*3536 eHSSS SMITH & BROTHER are receiving by al ! most every arrival from New York fresh supplies of goods in their line, to which they invite the attention of purchasers. Their stock fit goods, manufactured by themselves express ly for this market, comprises every kind and duality of SADDLES now in use, together frith a laree supply of BRIDLES, MARTIN cales, bitts, spurs and stirrups, Saddlery Ware, Coach Trimmings, Tools, Lea. 1th», Si c. an32 ly Fortes and The subscriber would resfectfully inform his friends and the pnblic that hehss on han d snd on the way. PIA» NO FORTES from tiie factories of Fleyfe A. Co. And Favre &Co.. Paris; Hallet, Da. fitftCo., Boston; A. if.Gale dtCo., James Gro testein and Nuns A Clark, New York. All these iastrumeuts aie made eapsessly for this climaie-, ma. m of them are of filant of Charles Horst, Pf9—tbe Doable tro« FrsaM. These Pianos will Mad in tone longer and have more powor aod Mhsr tone than any other iaawn a im s AI ro.su j^GUI TAB ^TmiNS, FL ÛTÇS^fc c^ Hs would rwpectfblljr inform the friends of Mr. attend» Hf 30Camp st. CITY ADVERTISEMENTS. Verandah Hotel. THE additions and improvements in this House, made during the past season, will render its facilities for accommodations inferior to no Hotel in the country. A new and ele gant Dining Room and several suits of apart ments for families have been furnished in the adjoining building on St. Charles street, thus making this department of the house more per fect than ever. The accommodations for gen tlemen have been proportionately increased in extent and convenience. The proprietor», while acknowledging their obligation to the nu merous friends and patrons of the Verandah for the libera] support it has received under their administration, would at the name time assure them that no exertion on their part shall be lacking to warrant a continuance of their favors. New Orleans, Dec. 17,1849. E. R. M cdge, ) L. R adford , SE. R. MUDGE & CO. D. M. Hildreth . ) jan!6 lm SSSÉ3I TTTT? Magic Store, NO. 5 CAMP STREET., thttef. doors fron canal 8t, N. O. The subscriber offers for aale at very leasonable prices anJ on liberal terms, PIANO FORTfcS of 6, 6 1-8, ti :M and 7 octaves, in rich rosewood, walnut and m..ho«any cases, made by the old and celebrated manufacturers, T. Gilbert & Co. Pin» nos with the .£ qlian A ttachment , appropriate to sacred music. The vEolian is guarantied by the manufacturers to remain in tune 5 years. Pianinos. l.Mful anil Moniuliiiiiin Ptniina Irrim thu luntnriOd Grand and Semi-Grand Pianos from the factories of Henri Hers and J, Pleyel & Co., Paris. The beautiful new invention, the Dolco Compana, to the Grand Action Piiino, and Pianos from the fac* tories of Firth, Pond & Co., with the vibrating o verb ridge and the new «cale Pianos of Wm. Hall and Son, New York. M'LODF.ONS and SE» RAPHINE9, for chtirch choir music. All the new publications of songs, waltzes, etc., are re* ceived soon as published, with a large stock of Old Music, accumulated diirin» the last twenty years, enables the undersigned to fill «I' orders complete. Instruction Books for all inu.icnl instruments. Se cond hand Pianos bought. »»Id and exchanged in part payment for new Pianos. Orders for Tuning and Repairing will be promptly attended to. All kinds of musical instruments repaired. Music bound to order. Harps, Guitars, Violins, Flutes. Strilfgs for Harp, Piano, Guitar, Violin and Banjo —and all articles in the music line for sale by jan9 6m WM. T. MAYO. Watches, Jewelry, Silverware, Ac. Young A Co., (LATE NELSON A. YOUNG.) 8 Camp st ., N. O. Are now receiving their Fail supply of goods, consisting iu part of the undermentioned articles— Heavily cased gold and silver hunting watches, very substantial, from the best manufactories of London and Liverpool, suitable for Planters and Overseers. Gold and silver faced do. do. Very rich gold hun.ing and open faced Geneva watches, plain and engraved, for Ladies. Fine gold Guart.s. Fob and Vest chains, new patterns.— Studs, Collar Buttons, Finger rings. Ladies and Gents Breastpins and Ear-rings, single stone and cluster Diamond Pins and Finger rings. Gold and Silver Specs—all ages. Silverware warranted pure as coin, consisting of table, tea and fesert Spoons, table and desert Forks, soup Ladles, bntter knives, mustard and salt Spoons, sugar Tongs, &c. Piated war», consist« ing of Castors, Caudlesticlu, &c. The whole of which is warranted as fine as any offered by any house in die trade and at leasonable prices. U*Tbe strictest attention given to repairing Clocks, Watches snd Jewelry. All fine watches committed to our charge wè personally attend to and our charges are reasonable. jan9 ly Goods Establishment. C. TALE, JR. & CO., Wo. 97 Magasine st., [Between Common and Gravier sts.] WHOLESALE DEALERS IN SILK, FANCY AND STRAW GOODS Millin ery Articles, Bonnets, Laces, Gloves, Shawls, Hosiery and Linens. No. 27 Magazine st., N ew O bleaxs Mew York Saddlery Warekoue, No. 16 Canal, near Camp street, Andrew G. Ball * Co., Ma irers and Dealers in Saddles, Bridles, Martingales, Harness, TRUNKS, Whips, Hogskins, Skirting, Saddlery Ware, Coach Trimmings, and Furni ture of every description. Also, Harness, Bridle and Band Leather. Having a large and complete assortment, we do not deem it necessary to enume • rate a long list of articles, hut invite purchasers to call, with an assurance that they will, in so doing, procure what they want, and at prices unusually low, atthe sign of the Black Horse's Head, No. la Canal street. New Orleans, oc24 3m R. RICHARDS, 11 Chaartrea st., (Successor to R. W. Montgomery,)! Importer and Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Hardware, offers for sale on reasonable terms, the following: 800 torn Swede, American and English Iron, as sorted; 300 bundles English, American and Russian sheet, hoop and hand Iron; 8000 lbs Blaster's Copper, sssorted, 8000 lbs Block and Bar Tiu; 2000 kegs Weymouth Nails; 200 torn Holiowware Castings, pots, ovens, skil lets. fire dogs, Ac. Cotton and Woollen Cards; Ames' and Rowland's spades aod shovels; Ox, Log, Trêee, Halter, Coil and Cane Carter Chains; Cotton and Cane Hoes, Plows. Corn shelters, etc; Sad Irons, Patent Balances, Brass kettles; * Tin and Japaned Ware; Hook and Plate Hinges; Bellows. Anvils, Vices, Smiths' Ton*.: Locks of al kinds, sliding door furniture, 4c. Fenders, A n di r ons, Fire setts; - Straab's celebrated patent burr stone Corn Mills; Mill and Grind stooes; Paints, Oik Glass and Putty; Laid and sperm Oil; Coopers' Took, assorted; Together with every variety of goods usually fbondiaa Hardware store, for sale veiy low. oclOSm __ ^""notes to "bear interest at the rate of . « « .. » ..»« eight per cent per annum from time due till Police Jnry—Parish of Iberville. On Monday the 7th January, 1850, being the first Monday of said month, at a regular session of the Police Jury of the Parish of Iberville, begun and held according to law, the following members met at the Court House of said pa rish, to wit; W. C. Adams , member of 2d District; Jas . C. Robertson , member of 3d District; A. Stringer , member of 6th District; D. L. R. Orili.ion , Pres't,, of 7th District The session being opened, the following pro ceedings were had; On motion, Resolved, that Thos. W. Brown, W. R Boote and F. V. Gallaugher, the abfént members, show cause at the next meeling why they should not be fined, according to law, for not attending at this session. Resolved,-That the resolution passed at the session of the police jury on the 17th Septem ber bst, 1849, authorizing the sale of the pa rish property whereon the old jailor's house andjjail are Duilt, the same to be sold in two separate lots, be so amended as to read as fol lows, to wit—That said property be sold in one lot by the Treasurer of the parish of Iber *ille, after the usual legal advertisements, to the highest and last bidder, payable as follows : one half of the price of adjudication on the 1st day of January 1851, and the other half on the 1st day of January 1852, purchasers to furnish their notes endorsed to the satisfaction of the President of the police jury, and special mort gage to be retained upon the property, to se cure the payment oi' >aid notes and all inter paid, and payable at the office of the Recorder of said parish. Resolved, That the President of the police jury be and he is hereby authorized to make a good and valid title of «id property, and sign a bill of sale of the same to the purchaser or purchasers thereof, and further to do all and singular the acts necessary in the premises. An account amounting to the sum of three dollars and fifteen cents was presented by A. E. Richards, being for medicines furnished by him to indigent sick, by order of a physician, and D. R. Orillion, President of the police jury; the same being put to vote, was unanimously allowed, and the President authorized to draw on the parish Treasury for that amount—§3 15. An account amounting to the sum of 017 00 was presented by W. P. Bradburn for printing of the election notices in the Southern Senti nel, for printing blank oaths for commissioners of elections, and for printing circulars to the police juries of other parishes; the same having been put to vote, was unanimously allowed, and tht President authorized to draw on the Treasury for the amount—$47 00. An account for the sum of §30 50 was pre sented by J. L. Petit, sheriff, for blankets, &c., furnished to prisoners in jail ihe same was unanimously allowed, and the President au thorized to draw for the amount—$30 50. On motion, the police jury adjourned until 2 o 'clock, F. M. At 2 o'clock p. m . the police jury met agreea bly to the above adjournment, present as teföre. Mr. F. V. Gallaugher, member from the 1st District, appeared and took his seat. The petition of Auguste Dufour, praying the' police jury to come to his relief for services rendered as teacher of indigent children in «aid parish, during the years 1842 and *1843, a mounting to the sum of $350, was presented and read to the police jury, and the same being put to vote was unanimously rejected. An account for the sum of $118 00, was presented by J. S. Leonard, late jailor of said parish, which being pnt to vote was unanimous ly allowed, after deducting the sum of 918, and the President authorized to draw on the pa rish Treasury for the amoout, to wit: $100 00. An account amounting to $3 06£ was pre sented by G. S. Rousseau, justice of the peace in said parish, being for costs due him in élimi nai prosecutions; the same being put to vote was unanimously allowed, and the President authorized to draw on the parish Treasury for the amount—$3 06J. Resolved, That the sum of $1 69 be paid to Adonis Petit, clerk of the police jury, for a minute book, by him bought for the use of the police jury, and the President anthorized to draw on the Treasury for the amount—$1 50. An account of $150 00 was presented by E. W. Blake, Esq., for his services as p&riaii at torney; the same was laid over until the next meeting. Chi motion, the police jury adjdlhied «ntü the next rei in April, 1 (Signed) session, to wit, the 3d Monday WM. C. ADAMS, JA». E. ROBERTSON, F. V. GALLAUGHER, A. G STRINGER, - D. L. R. ORILLION, Pres. Attest: A dokis P eut , Clerk. REGULAR PACKET—For the Corst, Fort Adama, Bayon Sara, Tunic*. Williamsport and all the Beads—The new and splendid steamer E, D. WHITE, Eugene Brady, master, will leave New Orleans as above on SATURDAY, the 13th instant at ft o'clock p. m ., and leave rej lariy every Saturday throughout the turning will leave Bayon Sara and Port son every Wednesday after the arrival cars. For freight or passage apply on " to J. H. MORRISON AC jy21 1 Front iftvee. Regalar Packet—Twice a Week. Once a week to Bayou Sara, and Twice a week to Baton Rouge. i p g — i j k The new steamboat GIPfeY, UlMVJ. H. URE, master, for Bayou Sara, aHHH* Baton Ronge, Plaqnemine, Donald sonviUe and the Coast, every FRIDAY st at9 o' clock. A. M Retaining, leaves Bayon Sara on Saturday at IU M, and Baton Rouge at 4 P. M. For Baton Rouse and all intermediate landings every TUESDAY at 9 o'clock, A. M. Returning, leaves Baton Rouge every Wednesday morning at 8 o'clock. no21 FRESH Herfen and Th« MedUclaet, just received from the Northern Shaken, for sale at jiaS RICHARD'S Drug Store. 1 »mini published evert wednesday, By William P. Bradburn. Office, second house above the Bank, to the right from the rimer. terms oe the sèntinel. Subscription :—Five Dollars per annum, invariably in ad vance. No subscription taken for a less period thau one year. i üvertising : —One Dollar per square, (10 line&or less) wil becHnrged for the first, and Fifty Cents fiorevery inser tion thereafter. All advertisements not specified as to number of insertions, will be published until forbid, and' charged accordingly. In both languages,charged double XTAnnounccments for office $J0, to be paid invariably in advance. PLA<tlJ£MIIVE: WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 23, 1850. [From the Cheraw (S. C.) Gazette.] Agricultural Letter from Gen'I. Washington. We are indebted to the kindness of an old friend for the following valuable document— valuable not only because of the revered source from which it emanates, but because it affords many excellent lessons from a noble and practical farmer. It is, too, strongly cha racteristic of the American hero. We see here the exercise in private life of the attention to detail, that inflexible devotion to order and dis cipline, which so eminently marked the public character of Washington. No one can read this letter without seeing at once that the writer was an industrious, sound, practical farmer.— He whose indomitable energy had given free dom to a world did not esteem the most minute details of agriculture unworthy his attention. It will probably surprise the reader to find Gen. Washington insisting upon the use of horrows and cultivators in the culture of his com. This we have been accustomed to plume ourselves upon as a much more modern inven-. tion. The letter, directed to his overseers, is ta ken from the manuscript copy in "Washington's own handwriting, and, as we are informed, now appeor in print for the first time. Philadelphia , July 14, 1793. Gentlemen: It being indispensably neces sary that I should have some person at Mount Verjpoii through whom I can communicate my' orders, who will see that those orders are ex ecuted, or, if not obeyed, who inform me why they are not; who will receive the weekly re ports, and trasmit them; receive money and pay it; and in general to do those things which do not appertain to any individual overseer, I have bent my nephew, Mr. Howell Lewis, (who lives?, with me hère.) to attend to them until I can pro-* vide a manager of established reputation in these matters. You will, therefore, pay due ^d to such directions as you may receive from . h '?' con3 ' der '- n fe' as comtng tmme diately from myself. But that you may have a" general knowledge of what I expect from you, I shall convey the following views which I have of the business committed to your charge, as it appears to me, and direct you to govern yourself by it, asl am persuaded nothing in consistent therewith will be ordered by Mr. ? Lewis witho«» authority from me to depart fromj 1st Although it is almost needlees to remark that the-com ground at the farm you overlook ought to be kept clean and well ploughed, yet, because not only the goodness of that crop de pends upon such management, bnt also ~ the wheat crop which is tosueceed it, I cannot for bear urging the propriety and necessity of the measure in very strong terms. 2d. The wheat is to be got into the bams or into stacks as soon as it can be done with any sort of convenience, that jt may not (especially wheat, whieh is subject to injury by had wea ther) sustain loss in shocks; and because the shattered grain in fields may be beneficial to the stock; but no hogs are to be put on stubble fields in which grass aeeds were sown laat fell, winter, or spring; other stock, however, may be turned on them, as it is rooting that would be prejudical. 3d. The whole swamp, from the road from Manley's bridge up to the lane leading to the new barn, is to be got into the bèst and most complete order for sowing, grass seeds in Au gust or, at the farthest, by the middle of Sep tember.. The lowest and wettest part thereof is to be sown with timothy seed alone. AS the other parts ofit are to be sown with timothy and clover seeds mixed. The swamp on the other side of the aforesaid lane) now in corn arid oats) is to be kept in the best possible or der, that the put not already sown with pass seeds may receive them either this ^autumn (as soon as the corn can be taken off with safety) or in the spring^ aa circuumstances shall dic tate. " r '"' No exertions or pains are to be spared at Dague run to get the swamp from Manley's bridge up to the meadow above» and the two enclosures in the mill swamp, in the highest order for grass, to be sown in the time. dec. aa above mentioned; but, that no more may be at* mpted than can be executed well, proceed in ptea than can be executed wen, proceed in follo wing order with them, accordingly m J weather may happen to be; for this mnst be the weather consulted, as dry weather will answer to work in the low parts best, whilst the higher grounds may be worked at any time. 1st. Begin with the swamp from Manley's bridge upwards, and get all that is not already in grass well prepared for it,and indeed sown. 3d. That part of the low meadow on the mill run which lies between the old bed of it and the race and within the fences. 3d. After this is done, take that part of the enclosure above (which was in corn last year) lying between the ditch and fence number 1, upand down to cross «ces. 4th. Then go over the ditch and pre pare slipe after slipe as the ditch runs from the one cross fenae to the other, an) coatiboe to do this as long as the season will lw food or the seed can be sown with propriety ana safety. I eonceive that the only may to get these grounds in good order, aod with expedition, is to give them ooe good ploughing and then to tear them to pieces with heavy harrows. Whe ther it be necessary to cut down and take off the weeds previous to these workings can be decid ed better by experiments on the spot than by reasoning on it at a distance. My desire is that the ground shall be made perfectly clean, and laid down smooth; without which meadows will always be foul, much grass left in them, and many scythes broken in cutting what is taken off. 4th. The buckwheat which has been sown for manure, oupht to be ploughed in the mo ment a sufficiency of seed is ripe to stock the ground a second time; otherwise, so far from its answering the purpose of manure, It will be seed, and that which is freest from onions. come an exhauster. For this reason, if the ploughs belonging to the farm are unable to iurn it in time, those of Muddy hole, Dague run, TOnd Union farm must combine to do it, tho •work to be repaid by the farm which receiver the benefit as soon as the work is accomplished thereat. 5th. Where clover ^nd timothy seeds are mixed and sown together, allow five pints of the first and three of the latter to the acre; and where-timothy only is sown allow four quarts to the acre. Let the seed be measured in the proportions here allotted, and put into a half bushel, and one half bnshel filled with sand or dry earth, and extremely well mixed together in your own presence or by yourself, which will answer two good purposes, namely: 1st, to prevent theft, for seeds thus mixed would not sell; and, 'idly, the seedsman being accustomed to sow a bushel of wheat, to the acre, would be at no loss to cast a bushel of this or any thing else regularly on that quantity of ground. 6th. It is expected that you will begin to sow wheat early in August, and in ground per fectly clean ana well ploughed. I would have, and do accordingly direct, that not less than five pecks of seed be sown on each acre. The plan of the farm over which you look is given to Mr. Lewis, from which the contents of each field may be known. And it is my express direction that every watch and the best attention may be given to see that this quantity actually is put in; for I have strong suspicions (but this ought not to be hinted to them) that the seedsmen help themselves to a pretty large toll, 7th. As soon as yon have done sowing, and even before, if it can be done conveniently, you are to set heartily about threshing or treading the wheat, and as fast as it is got out to have it delivered at the mill or elsewhere, according to directions. The longer this business is de layed, the more waste and embezzlement cf the crop. The wheat is to be well cleaned, the chaff and light wheat are to be properly taken care of for the horses or other stock, und the straw stacked and secured as it ought to be against weather, and other injuries; and, until the whole be delivered, it will require your constant and dtose attention. 8th. The oats àt the farm you oversee, are, I presume, all cut In that case, let the scythes and cradles and rakes jwhich you have received be delivered over to the mansion house; or, if you choose to keep them against next harvest, you must be responsible for them yourself! 9th. The presumption also is, that the flax is ere this pulled. I «t it be well secured, and at a proper season stripped of its seeds and spread to rot. During this operation, let it be often turned andexamined, that it be not overdone or receive injury in any other respect by lying out to too long. 10th. Get the cleanest and best wheat for I would have about one-third of my whole crop sown with the common wheat; one-third with the white; and the other th rd with the yellow bearded wheat The overseen, (with Davy, as he knows the state of his own fkrm and the quality of wheat which grows upon it) may meet and decide among themselves whether it would be best to have some of each of these sorts on every farm; or, in ordermore effectu ally to prevent mixture, to have one sort only on a farm. In the latter case, the cutting of that which ripens first, and so on, must be ac complished by the force of all the forms in stead of each doing its own work. If the seed of one fkrm waa to be sown onanother, eape pecially if seed which grew on a light soil was to be sown on a stiff one, and that which grew on a stiff one sown on a light ground, advan tages would unquestionably result from it 11th. The potatoes at the mansion-house must be worked by the ploughs from Union farai, and, when tlus is required it would be best, 1 conceive, to accomplish the work in a day. 13th. It is expected that the fences will be made secure, and no damage permitted within them by creatures of any kind, or belonging to anybody, mine any more than others. ISth. The greatest attention is to be paid to ÜtoekB of all kinds on the farms; and the most to be made of their manure and litter. They are to be counted regularly, that no false re rts may be made; and missing ones, if any, unted' for tthtil found, or the manner of their 14th. A weekly report, as usual, is to bè handed to Mr. Iiewis. In this report, that I may know better bow the work goes on, men tion When you begin to plough, hoe, or other wise work In afield, and when that field is fin ished. The increase, decrease, and chargea to be noted as heretofore—and let me ask: 15tb . Why ^ ^ corn harrows thrown mdde, or so Uttle used that I rarely of late iee. 0 , hear of their being at work? I have been gen b -last run to very considerable expense in these and other implements for my farms; to ray great mortification and injjory, find, erally speaking, that wherever they were used they remain, if not stolen, till required again;by which means they, as well as tl}e carts, receive «o much injury from the wet weather and the heat of the sun «s to be unfit for use; to repair or supply the place of which with new ones my carpenters, who ought to be other wise employed,»« continually occuped in these jobs. Harrows, after thcjjround is well bro ken, would certainly weea and keep the com clean with more ease than the ploughs. i hope, therefore, they will bemused. And H is my ex press orders that the greatest care be taken with the tools of every kind, carta, snd tion implements, in future; for I can no «cbmit to the losses i am continually ing by neglect. 16th. Thjre is nothing I more ardently de sire, nor indeed is there any more essential to uiy permament interest, than the raising of live fences on proper ditches or banks; yet nothing has ever been, in a general way, more shameful, ly neglected or mismanaged; for, instead of pre paring the ground properly for the reception of seed, and weeding and keeping the plants clean after they come up, the seeds are hardly scratched into the ground, are suffered to be smothered by the weeds and grass if they do come up; by which means the expense I have i been at in purchasing and sending the seeds, I (generally from Philadelphia,) together with the labor,"such as it is, that has been incurred, is not only lost, but (and which is of infinitely more importance to me) season after season passes away, and I am as far from the accom. plishment of my object as ever. I mention the matter thus fully to show how anxious I am that all the seeds which have been sown or planted on the banks of tqe ditches should be properly attended to, and the deficient spots made good, if you have or can obtain the means for doing it. 17th. There is one thing I must caution you against, (without knowing whether there be cause to charge you with it or not,) and that is, not to retain any of my negroes who are able and fit to work in crop, in or about your own house for your swn purposes. This I do not allow any oversder to do. A small boy or girl, for the purpose of fetching wood or water, tend a child, or some such thing, I do not object to; but, so soon as they are able to work out, I ex pect to reap the benefit of their labor. 18th. Though last mentioned, it is not of the least importance, because the peace and good government of the negroes depend upon it, and not1es8 so my interest and your own reputation. I do, therefore, in explicit terms, enjoin it upon you to remain constantly at home, (unless call ed off by unavoidable business, or to attend Divine worship,) and to be constantly with your people when there. There is no other sure way of getting work well done and quiet ly by negroes; for when an overseer's back is turned the most of them will slight their work or be idle altogether, in which ease correction cannot retrieve either, but often produces evils which are worse than the disease. Nor is there any other mode than this to prevent thieving and other disorders, the consequence ot oppor tunities. You will recollect that youmtime is paid for by me, and, if I am deprived or it, it is worse than the robbing of my purse, because it is also a breach of trust, which any honest man ought to hold most sacred. You have found me, and you will continue to find me, faithful to my part of the contract between us, and your own interests and honor, a# well-as the welfare of your family, demand equal faithful ness on your part; when either forgets the obli gation imposed, it is just cause for a termina tion of our contract With these wishes and sentiments I subscribe myself, respectfully, GEO. WASHINGTON. T he R ight of S ecession —-The New Orleans Bulletin, the first paper that nominated Gen. Taylor, and understood to be high in his confi dence, thus announces its opinion on a very important matter : M A state has no right to withdraw herself from the Union at her own option, nor with, out the consent of her sister States, and what is more, will not be permitted to do so, and any one who attemps it will find that "the powercon ferred on him (the President) by the Constitu tion ," will be employed to prevent it " This directly conflicts with'the doctrines that prevail in every southern, and slave-holding state, and may be considered avindicative of the views of Gen. Taylor. The Bulletin, it will be perceived, speaks positively and almost officially. • A nother N ewspape h D og .—The Albany Knickerbocker boasts of a dog "connected with that office," who excels in sagacity all other newspaper dogs recently noticed. He belong* to one ofthe carriers, and was in the daily habit of accompanying his master, and serving upwards of six hundred papers, The Carrier was taken sick the other day, and could not carry his route bat the dog undertook the duty, and,, accocor panied by an offieeboy, stopped at the house of every subscriber. Strange to say, he did not miss a subscribe}, and in this respect he showed himself even more faithful than some carriers s night travelers flew against his shoulder ) walked a narrow street and very nearly B ats —A writer at Honduras says the conn try »infested with a species of bat as large as common chicken hawks. One of these enor mous ] he i upset him. This statement may be tine, and doubtless is, but there is a kind of bat in this part of the country to which the Honduras breed is a mere circumstance. We saw one 1 fly against a man's head a feyr nights since, and knock him nearly into a coolied hat It Was'of the species the brick bat Save us from a contact with thislind, and yèa may send throngh the air an army composed of every other sort.—Co lumfonsËnquiralL The above reminds us of the anecdote of & traveler who in the presence of an Irishman, was describing a bug ot most huge dimensions, which he had encountered daring his peregri nations in distant lands, which by bis account, must have been as large as the Honduras bat alluded to above. His Irish saditorhsving patiently listened to the whole detail, ««claim ed "Oeh by the powers, we have the same kind of bug in Ireland, and there we call them kamt» ***" . Sat or CAUToaKiA^-Californie would make forty five States of the'sise of New Hamp shire 1 Tht sea cosst extends nearly a thou sand miles, and theterri tory extatfa» the in terior twelve hundred miles.