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Southern sentinel. [volume] (Plaquemine, Parish of Iberville [La.]) 1848-1858, September 21, 1850, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88064476/1850-09-21/ed-1/seq-1/

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published every saturday,
By William P. Bradburn.
Office on Main street.
terms oe the sentinel.
S ubscription:— Five Dollars per annum, invariably in ad
vanco. No subscription taken for a less period than one
Advertising:— One Dollar per square, (lOIiues or less) will
be charged for the first, and Fifty Cents for every inser
tion thereafter. All advertisements not specified asto
number of insertions, willbc published until forbid, and
charged iccorii in ply. fn both languages,chargcd double
Announcements for office $10, to be paid invariably in
Another Rumored Cuban Expedition.—
There have been rumors flying about for some
time past of another expedition being formed
for the purpose of invading Cuba. The New
York correspondent of the Philadelphia Inqui
rer says :
I heard to-day, from a person who assumed
to know all about the subject, that they are
true; that an immense sum of money has been
raised for the purpose, and that as many as
seven thousand men have already been enlisted
for the purpose of making another descent on
that island.
The gentleman is recently from Havana, and
in addition to what he said in reference to the
rumored expedition, informed me that at least
two-thirds of the people of Cuba are opposed
to any further political connection with Spain.
U* Madame Jumel, at the recent grand fan
cy ball at Saratoga, wore the diamonds which
once belonged to the Empress Joshephine.
They are valued at §35,000.
KT Rev. Bishop Bascom died at Louisville
on the 7th inst.
E dmund Lafayette .—The N. Y. Tribune
says that Mr. Edmund Lafayette, who came
passenger ill the Atlantic, is a grand-son of
Gen. Lafayette and of the Count de Tracey.
He, his brothers Oscar and his father, Geo. W.
Lafayette, were at the same time Republican
members of the Chamber of Deputies. Mr.
Lafayette has gone on a visit to the State Agri
cultural Fair and Exhibition at Albany.
He was met also, on his arrival, by an antici
patory invitation from Massachusetts Charita
ble Mechanics' Association, to visit their great
Triennial Exhibition of American Manufactures
at Boston, to commence on the 11th inst. and
continue for two weeks.
Mr. Ferdinand Lasteyrie, who came passen
ger in the same steamer, is at present a member
of the National Assembly. He is accompani
ed by his wife, an accomplished American lady,
niece of Gov. Seabrook, of South Carolina, one
of the most distinguished families in the South.
They are at ^ie New York Hotel.
A R epresentative G overnment .—When
Dr. Cooper was President of South Carolina
College, he was one of the best natured old
gentleman that ever lectured to mischievous
boys. On one occasion, when he entered the
lectnre-room, he found the class all seated with
most unwonted punctuality, and looking won
drous grave. Mischief it was evident, was the
cause, and it was apparent that they were pre
pared for the burst of laughter as the old doctor
waddled along up to the professor's chair—there
«sat an old he-goat, bolt upright, lashed in the
chair. But they were disappointed of their
fun, for instead of getting angry and storming
at them, he mildly remarked:
Ah young gentleman! quite republican I see,
in your tendencies; found a representative gov
ernment—elevated one of your number to the
chair, ha! Well, well, it is all right I dare
say the present incumbent cap fill it as well as
any of you. You may listen to his lecture to
day. Good bye! Don't feel sheepish about it.
And away he went without leaving a single
smile behind him.
L ola M ontes m a D ilemma .—A Paris cor
respondent of a London paper says :
We have had related another scene in the
drama of life, performed by that celebrated
actress, Lola Montes. Another separation
from tier devoted husband, Mr. Heald, had been
gossipped about for some days, when her sud
den aisappparnnce from her splendid mansion
was announced. She had been for some time
dashing about in an elegant carriage, driving a
handsome pair of horses, and every thing seem
ed on a scale of great expenditure and luxury;
but the tradespeople who furnished her with
these comforts of life found the money that was
to pay for them not forthcoming, and some of
them unexpectedly presented themselves at the
hotel, when they round her busily employed in
packing her gorgeous furniture. She appeared
perfectly at her ease; promised instant payment,
and stepped into the next room to open the desk
containing the money; but the fair lady did not
return to her patient creditors. She quietly
Walked out of the house, and though three
days have elapsed has not considered it neces
sary to return or apologize for her absence.
ITDqw , Jr., recommending marriages, says:
A. good wife is the most constant and ihithful
isn't a
npanion yon can possibly have by y oar side
He performing the journey of life—a doe
'ta touch to her. j
Adventures of Lewis Wetzel.
Among the heroes of border warfare," Lewis
Wetzel holds no inferior station. Inured to
hardships while yet in boyhood, and familiar
with all the varieties of forest adventure, from
that of hunting the beaver and bear, to that of
the wily Indian, he became one of the most
celebrated marksmen of the day. His form
was erect, and of that height best adapted to
activity—being very muscular and possessed
of great bodily strength. From constant exer
cise he could, without fatigue, bear prolonged
and violent exertion, especially that of running
and walking; and he had, by practice, acquired
the art of loading his rifle when running at full
speed through the forest, and wheeling on the
instant, he could discharge it with unerring
aim, at the distance of eighty or one hundred
yards, into a mark not larger than a dollar.
This art he has been known to practice more
than once upon his savage foe3 with fatal suc
A marksman of superior skill was in those
days estimated by the other borderers much in
the same way that a knight templar, or a knight
of the cross, who excelled in the tournament
or the charge, was valued by his cotemporaries
in the days of chivalry. Challenges of skill
often took place, and marksmen who lived at
the distance of fifty miles or more from each
other, frequently met by appointment to try the
accuracy of their aim on bets of considera
ble amount Wetzel's fame had spread far and
wide, as the most expert and unerring shot of
the day. It chanced that a young man, a few
years younger than himself, who lived on Dank
ard's Creek, a tributary of the Monongahela riv
er, which waters one of the earliest settlements
of that region, heard of his fame, and as he was
also an expert woodsman, and a first-rate shot,
the best in the settlement, he became very de
sirous of an opportunity for a trial of his skill.
So great was his desire that he one day shoul
dered his rifle, and whistling his faithful dog to
his side, started for the neighborhood of Wet
zel, who at that time lived on Wheeling creek.
When about half-way his journey, a fine
buck sprung up just before him. He leveled
his gun with his usual precision, but the deer,
though badly wounded, did not fall dead in his
tracks. His faithful dog soon seized him and
brought him to the ground, but while in the
act of doing this, another dog sprang from the
forest upon the same deer, and his master ma.
king his appearance at the same time from be
hind a tree, with a loud voice claimed the pro
perty, because he had been wounded by bis
shot; and seized by his dog. It so happened
that they both fired at once at this deer, a
thing which may very easily happen where two
men are hunting on the same ground, although
one may fire at the distance of fifty yards,
and the other at one hundred. The dogs felt
the same spirit of rivalry and quitting the deer
which was already dead, fell to worrying and
tearing each other. In separating the dogs, the
strange hunter happened to strike that of the
young man. The old adage "strike my dog,
strike me," arose in full force, and without fur
ther ceremony, except a few hearty curses,
he fell upon thehunter and hurled him to the
ground. This was no sooner done than he
found himself turned, aTukunder his strong and
more powerful autagonfSr
Discovering he was no match at this play,
the young man appealed to trial by rifles, say
ing it was too much like dogs for men and
hunters to fight in this way. The stranger as
sented to the trial, but told his antagonist that
before he put it fairly to the test, he had better
witness what he was able to do with the rifle,
saying he was as much his su
with that weapon as he was
He bade him place the mark
ling on the side of a huge popular that stood
beside them, from which he would start with
his rifle, unloaded, and running a hundred yards
at full speed, he would load it as he ran, and
wheeling would discharge it instantly into the'
centre of the mark. The feat was no sooner
proposed than perfot med; the ball entered the
centre of the diminutive target. Astonished
at his activity and skill, his antagonist in
stantly inquired his name. "Lewis Wetzel,
at your service," answered the stranger. The
young man seized him by the hand with all the
ardor of youthful admiration, and at onee ac
knowledged his own inferiority. So charmed
was he with Wetzers frankness, skill and fine
personal appearance, that he insisted upon his
returning with him to the settlement on Dan
kard's creek, that he might exhibit his talents to
his own family, and to the hardy backwoods
men to his neighbors.
Nothing loin to such an exhibition, and
pleased with the energy of his new acquaint
ance, Wetzel consented to accompany him,
shortening the way with their mutual tales of
hunting excursions, and hazardous contests
with the common enemies of their country.
Among other things, Wetzel stated his man
ner of distinguishing the footsteps of a white
fnap from those of an Indian, although covered
wiih mocossins, and intermixed with the tracks
of savages. He bad acquired this tact from
closely examining the manner of placing the
feet; the Indian stepping with his feet in pa
rallel lines, and first bringing the toe to the
round, while the white man almost invaria
ly places his feet in an angle with the line of
march. An opportunity they little expected
soon gave room to put his skill to the trial
On reaching the young man's home, which they
did that day, they found the dwelling a smoking
ruin, and all the family lying murdered and
scalped, except a young woman who had been
brought up in the family, and to whom the
young map was ardently attached. She had
been taken away alive, as was ascertained by
examing the trail of the savages. Wetzel dis
covered that the parties consisted of three In
dians, a renegade white man, a fact not uncom
mon in those early days, when for cWme or the
love of revenge, the white outlaw fled to the
savages, and was adopted, on trial, into their
As it was past the middle of the day, the
nearest assistance : still at some considerable
distance, and as ttore were only four to con
tend with, they decided on instant pursuit As
the deed tad very recently been done they
hoped to overtake them in their camp that night,
and perhaps before they could cross the Ohio
river, to which the Indians always retreated af
ter a successful incursion, considering them
selves in a manneç safe when thev had crossed
to its right bank, at that time occupied wholly
by the Indian tribes.
Ardent and unwearied was the pursuit bv the
youthful huntsmen: the one excited to recover
his lost mistress, the other to assist his new
friend, and to take revenge for the slaughter of
his countrymen—slaughter and revenge being
the daily business of the borderer at this por
tentous period. Wetzel followed the trail
with the unerring sagacity of the bloodhound ;
and just at dusk traced the fugitive to a noted
war path, nearly opposite the mouth of the
Captina creek, emptying into the Ohio, which,
much to their disappointment, they found the
Indians had crossed by forming a raft of logs
and brush, their usual manner when at a dis
tance from their villages.
By examining carefully the appearance of the
opposite shore, the}' soon discovered the fire
of an Indian camp in a hollow way, a few rods
from the river. Lest the noise of constructing
a raft should alarm the Indians and give no
tice of the pursuit, the two hardy adventurers
determined to swim the stream a few tods be
low. This they easily accomplished, being
both of them excellent swimmers : fastening
their clothes and ammunition in a bundle on
the top of their heads, with their rifles resting
on their left hip, they reahced the opposite
shore in safety. After carefnllv examining
their-arms and "putting every article of attack
or defence in its proper place, they crawled to a
position which gave them a fair view of their
enemies, who thinking themselves safe from
pursuit were carelessly reposing around the
fire, thoughtless of the fate that awaited them,
They instantly discovered the young woman,
apparently unhurt, but making "much moaning
and lamentation, while the white man was try
ing to pacify and console her with the promise
of kind usage,and an adoption with the tribe,
The young man, hardly able to restrain his rage,
was for firing and rushing instantly upon them.
Wetzel, more cautious, told him to wait till
daylight, when they could make the attack with
a better chance of success, and also of killing
the whole party; but if they attacked in the
dark a part would certainly escape.
As soon as daylight dawned, the Indians arose
and prepared to depart. The young man se
lecting the white renegade and Wetzel the In
dian, they both fired at the same time, each kil
ling his man. The young man rushing for-:
ward, knife in hand to relieve the young wo
man, while Wetzel reloaded his gun and. push
edin pursuit of the two surviving Indians, who
had taken to the wood, until they could jscer
tain the number of their enemies. Welzel, as
soon as he saw that be was -discovered, dis
charged his rifle at random in order to draw
them from tffeir covert. Hearing the report,!
and finding themselves unhurt, the Indians
rushed upon him before he could agam reload.
This was as he wisbed. Taking to his heels,
Wetzel loaded as he run, and suddenly wheel
ing about, discharged his rifle through thebody
of his nearest, but unsuspecting enemy.
The remaining Indian^ seeing the fate of his
, „ , , „
prospect of prompt revenge being fairly before
him. Wetzel led him on, dodsinlr from tree to
companion, and that his enemy's rifle was un
loaded, rushed forward with all his energy, the
of prompt revenge being fairly before
iim. Wetzel led him ou, dodging from tree to
tree, until his rifle was again ready, when sud
denly turning, he shot his remaining enemy,
who fell dead at his feet. After taking.their
sçalps, Wetzel and his friend, with their rescu
ed captive, returned in safety to the settle
Like honest Joshua Fieeheart, after the
peace of 1795, Wetzel pushed for the frontiers
of the M ississippi, where he could trap the
beaver, hunt the buffalo and the deer, and oc
casionally shoot an Indian, the object of his
mortal hatred. He finally died, as he had lived,
a free man of the forest.'
Clerical Anecdote .—"E>> penshong," as
Mr. Wagsiaff would say, write» a new contri
butor to the Knickerbocker, "I saw in a late
number of the Knickerbocker some anecdotes
of a preacher, which reminded me of a like
character'way down East' in the State of Maine.
On one occasion he was endeavoring to give his
congregation a specific idea of the magnitude
of Noah's ark. He proceeded to tell them how
many anima Is went in thereat beginning with
the smallest kind, and going up through the
various gradations of size totbe elephant;then
raising his voice to the highest pitch, he exclaim
ed: 'Yes my hearers, and the g're-a-eat wha-a
a -les went in, bless the Lord! and thei e was
room enough for all on'em !' On anoi her occa
sion he took his text from Revelations, six. h
chapter and fifth verse, 'And I beheld, and lo!
a b'ack horse; and he that sat on him had a pair
of balances in his hand.' Unhappily, in reading
the tex t, he mistook balances for bellowses, and
went on to describe what kind of bellowses
they were. 'These bellowses,' said he, 'wasnt
the bellowses that the house wife blows the fire
with; n'ither was they like Ihein which black
smith uses; but they was God Almighty's grea
a-a-t eta-a-arnal bellowses, that he b'ows sin
ners into hell with!' Th:s is strictly tine, and
if any one of yonr readers shall doubt its entire
authenticity, refer him to My name and
address accompany this noielet."
L ook, Y oung M en .—Jn this country most
young men are poor. Time is the rock from
which they are to hew out their fortunes; and
health enterprise and integrüy the instruments
with which to do it To young men without
patrimony, there are few higher earthly duties
than to obtain a competency. For this, dili
gence in business, abstinence in pleasures, pri.
vation even, of everything that does not endan
ger health are to be joyful, welcomed and
borne. When we look around us, and see
how much of the wickedness oflhe world
springs from poverty, it seems to sanctify all
honest effort« for the acqnisition of an indepen
dence. But when an independence is acquired,
then comes the moral crisis—then comes an
etherial test—which .shows whether a man is
higher than a common man, or lower than a
common reptile. Inthe duly of accumulation,
competence is valuable, and it« acquisition
moat laudable. Sot ail above a fortune is a
misfortune to him who amasses it
"You're a nice young man, but you can't
come in !"—"Hollow i here, friend, you can't
come in !" said a faithful door-keeper yesitr
day to a tall, eccentric looking individual, who
was hurrying, with long strides, into the new
American theatre.
"O, just allow me to take a peep," said the
tall customer, stopping and turning abrubtly.
"Can't do it, sir. My orders are to let no
person in but the owners and lessees."
"Is Rolla, the Peruvian prisoner confined
here?" said the intruder.
" What !" said the honest door-keeper open
ing his eyes with a bewildered expansion, at
the question.
"Tell me soldier, hast thou a wife ?" said the
stranger, grasping the poor door-keeper's arm.
"Well, I reckon," said the man, while the.
blood flew from his cheek, and he looked into
the tall gentleman's eyes, expeciing to detect
some symptom of insanity.
"And children ?" said the inquirer, with a
tragic start.
"Well, Mister," replied the door keeper, "1
don't know if its any of your business, Lut I
reckon I is got a small chance of a family."
"Here take this wedge of massive go'd?" ex
claimed the stranger, picking up a block of
wood that was lying at his feet, and thrusting
it into the door keeper's hand. «,
The man looked at the wood, and then at the
stranger, with a great deal of astonishment, and
then said with a very solemn deliberation,
"look here, now, my good man, it's prêt ty clear
to me your mother don't know you're out, but
it wont do for you to come fooling in this way
'Jound me. You. may be a very nice young mo a
but you cant come in!"
"Well, well!" said the stranger, laughing,
"you're a trusty honest fellow, and you'll find
I'd like you better for it hereafter. So let me
pass, for I'm somewhat of a huiry."
"You can 't come in, friend, I teil you. Who
are how ? : '
"You don't know me, my good man ?"
"We i, I don't."
"My name is Smith."
"You don't say so! How is Mrs. Smith and
• he family and what has become of John V
The si-anger gave vent to a hearty laugh.
"You may laugh neighbor, as much as you
please, but you canl come in !
"My name is So'.. Smith," said the individ
ual, changing his tone, and assuming that dig
nitied manner and graceful attitude peculiar to
him; "I have «just got here from the Gen.
Pratte, which is still aground five hundred and
seventy miles above Vicksburg. I am the les
see of this establishment, and 1 like your at
tention to business. You shall retain your
situation as one of my door-deepers as long as
you please; and now, sir, please allow me ihe
favor of passing in for a few moments.
The man fell on his knees, just as Triptoli
mus Muiidlework did before Charles XII, and
Sol waving his hand gracefully, walked in.
A Series of Disasters .—The following
item of itelligence is from the Paris conespon
dent of Ihe Courrier des Etals Unis. It shows
vividly the extraordinary inventive ability which
is enlisted in the service of the Paris press.—
„ ,, , e , j. ffi
Baron Munchausen would have found it diffi
cult to improve this specimen ot his peculiar
A catasirephe recently happened at Ciry
(Savrie and Loire.) A citizen of that place
told his cowherd to carry four beeves to a
clover-fie'd, and let them graze a few minutes,
to walch ihem carefully, and to bring t hem back
as soon as they had eaten a lii'tle. The cow
herd drove them to Ihe clover-field, being op
pressed wiih heat, he forgot, his charge and
went to sleep. The beeves gorged themselves
with clover. Very soon they became swollen
like bailoons—they fell and burst Time pas
sed: the master became uneasy,-and ran to the
clover. A cry of rage escaped him at the sight
of his four dead beeves. Furious, he called
the cowherd; no response. He passed rapidly
over the field in search of him, and at length
found him in a corner profoundly asleep. He
was transported with rage. To awaken his
servant, he gave him so violent a kick upon the
temple that ihe young man passed instantly
from sleep to death. In vain the master shook
him to awaken him: the cowherd gave no sign
of life, Then, seized with the acutest anguish,
and terrified at the idea of the murder he had
committed, he lost his senses, fled overwhelmed
with fear, and returned to his home. His wife,
observing his wild look, asked him what was
the matter? He understood nothing, but ex
claimed ia tones of despair". "I wish to die—
I wish to die." And immediately he rushed
toward the well to throw himself into it. The
imminence of the danger gave the wife extra
ordinary courage. She approached her hus
band, on the margin of the well, and struggled
with all her foree to retain him : but she lost
herballance; the man fell and drew his wife
with him to the bottom of the well, where they
both perished.
Western Poetrt .—The editor of the Free
port (III.) Democrat in a late paper treated his
readers to the following:
Come back, ye s>oners,mean and greedy—
Rich or ragged, ler.n or fat—
Come pay the sums you owe us speedy
For the Prairie Democrat.
-Don't be lurking lound the bushes;- '
Pèiliaps you'll fi.id a hemp cravat!
We know that conscience often pushes
Tho. e who cheat the Democrat!
0"A Confempoiary says that the greatest
în ^ of married lite is to have your wife go out
to eat ic0 ereaui with another gentleman, and
leave yon to take care of the baby,
D*A Yankee aud a Southerner were playing
poker on «steamboat.
"I havn't seen an ace for some lime," remark
ed the Southerner.
"Wall, I guess you haint," said the Yankee,
"but I can tellyou where they are. One of
them your shift sleeve there, and the oth
er three are in the top of one of my buies."
Oxidation, or itus 'mt? of Iron .—-'There
are many mysteries about iron," said a machi
nist to us one day, "and one of them is the dif
ference which different pieces or parcels of iron
exhibit in regard to rusting or oxididizing;
some pieces will rust very easily and rapidly,
while others will resist rust a long time."
The mystery of iron rusting is caused by its
combining with oxygen. This is a chemical,
or as some would call it, an electro-chemical
action; but all the circumstances which vary
this action are not yet understood, nor all the
laws which are necessary to produce, increase,
retard, or stop the action fully known. Cast
iron resists the action of sea water, it is said,
much better than wrought iron, and yet when
this kind of iron has been immersed a long time
in sea water, on being exposed to the air it
will become hot and fall to pieces.
In 1545 the ship Mary Rose was sunk during
a naval engagement Not long ago some of
the cannon ba ! ls were raisedJ^bn the vessel,
where they had been buried^Wie water 300
years. They became red hot on being exposed
to the atmosphere and fell to pieces. This
phenomenon cannot be fully explained without
knowing the exact ingredients of the mass of
which they were composed. They might not
have been made of perfectly pure iron, or some
circumstances connected with their position,
might have brought about a change, during that
long period, with which we are not acquainted
in our limited operations.
Some chemical experiments go to prove that
there are processes in nature, which, if we knew
how to apply them, would render iron proof
against rust, and, on tho other hand, there are
processes which would make it one of the most
easily rusted of any metal known.
It is stated by Faraday that if iron be placed
in nitric acid, which \vill dissolve it readily, and
be touched, or put in contact with a piece of
platina, the strongest acid will not have the
least action upon it. It has been stated by
Stephenson, the celebrated engineer, that iron
which is worked will not rust so readily as that
in a state of rest and he cites as authority, that
in railroad iron the rails which are worked do
not rust, w'iile rails which lay alongside, and
are not worked, will rijßt in a short time. He
tried to explain it by supposing that electricity
was developed during the passage of the cars,
aud that this prevented rust— [Maine Farmer.
A Wort) to the Liit' E Gxels— How lo be
Loved. —Who is lovely? It is the little girl who
drops sweet words, kind remarks, and pleasant
smile c , as she passes along—who has a kind
word of sympathy for every girl or bov she
meets in tiouble and a kind hand to help her
companions out of difficulty—who never scolds,
«ooiends, nor teazes her mates,nor seeks in any
other way to diminish, but alvvjys to increase
their happiness. Would it not p'eare you to
pick a string of peails, drops of gold, diamonds,
and precious slones as you pass along the street?
Eut tho- e are the true pearls and precious stones
which can never be lost Take 1 he hand of the
friendless. Smile on the sad and dejected. Sym
pathise with 1 hose in trouble. Strive everywhere
to diffuse artfund you sunshine and joy.
If you do this, you will be sure to be loved.
Dr. Doddrige one day asked his little girl why
it was (hat every body loved her. "I know not,"
she replied, "unless it be that I love every bo
dy." Tnis is the true seciet of being loved."
"He that hath friends," says Solomon, "must
show himself friendlv." Love begets love. If
you love others, ihey cannot be'p loving you.
So then, do not put a scowl, and fretfully com
plain that nobody loves you, or that such or
such a one does not I'ke you. If nobody loves
you, it is your own fault. Either you do not
make your.-elf lovely by a sweet, winning tern
per, and a kind winning way, or you do not
love those of whom you complain.
Wealth of Louis Philippe .—The corres
pondent of the N. Y. Commercial Advertiser
says :
You remember the boasts of the Orleanists at
the time of the vote to pay annually three hun
dred thousand francs to the Duchess of Or
leans. They declared she would never take ihe
money. She did not give ihe first instalment
of fifty thousand to the poor. But the sub
sequent ones have not taken the same direc
tion; they have gone straight into the coffers of
her highness. The wags here parody an ex
pression she frequently uses on receivjpg
Frenchmen, and excuse her by sa/îng that "ev
ery thing which comes from France is highly
prized by her."
The much talked of c'aim of the Napoleon
family against France for about fifty millions
is to be prosecuted before the tribunals. M.
Troplong and M. Ba, the are the counsellors
retained by the President. When the people
took the helm of Government in 1792, (he Go
vernment property passecT from the Bourbon
family, to the State. At he fail of Napoleon
the imperial property shared the same fa.e.
The Republic is the first to give ihe example
of permitting former monarcbs to retain all the
properly acquired by virtue of their former of
fice. Louis Philippe is now the owner of ex
tensive dominions in France, paid for in one
way aud another, out of the public moneys.
The dowry of the Duchess of Orleans is ac
knowledged as one of the debts of the Repub
lic. The two magnificent galleries of paintings
in the Louvre, the Spanish and Standish gal
leries, have been surrendered to Louis Philippe
as his private property. All these are but pre
cedents for the claim of the Bonaparte family
for fifty millions, as a recompense for the con
fiscation of the property of 1 he Emperor. You
need not be surprised if every franc of the
claim is allowed.
A Finished Place —The A'abany Dutch
man says thai the only finished place in this
country is Lan^iitgburg. For the last twenty
yea => there has not been a board added, or a
nui I dovein the whole place. A man under
took to repair bis stoop last wee k, and he was
promptly arrested and sent to jail. The whole
village st 'll believe ihat De Witt Clinton is .Gov.
eroor of the State. This is the place to which
a person ought to go for a finished education'
O ! give me an humble cot,
Amid the forest trees,
And let it be the sweetest spot,
Where sighs',the evening breeze.
Let the willow o'er it bend,
That I may hear it sfgh ;
And let the merry streamlet send
Its rippling murmurs by.
Let the simplest roses twine
Around the rustic door,
And let the flow'ring eglantine
Embower the lattice o'er.
'Tis not in the costly dome,
Where love alone doth dwell ;
But love the truest seeks its homo
Far in the lonely dell.
O! give me an humble cot,
Amid the forest trees ;
For me 'twill be the sweetest spot
Where sighs the evening breeze.
O* A man in a neighboring town had so
good a spy-glass that looking at his third cous
in through it, it brought him so near as to be
first cousin.
Hints to Overseers.
Mr. Editor :—Some overseers think if they
keep a tolerably clean crop they arc doing well;
the condition of the mules, horses, fences,gates,
farming tools horse lots and stables, and stock
of all kinds, are left to shift for themselves, and
are not taken into consideration. Overseers, if
t hey do their duty, will have mules and horses
well attended lo—fed regularly with a given
amount, salted once a week, and rubbed and
curried; the stables and lots will also be kept
clean, and the manure taken care of Mules
and horses will not fail to show their keeping.
When once the hip bones of mules "stick out,"
no matter how much they have to plow, (for
any sound horse or mule, if taken care of, can
plow as much as any hand, without injury,)
you may put it down at once that they are ei
ther irregularly and badly fed, or otherwise
grossly neglected.
Overseers are also deficient, even if they at
tend lo mules and horses, keep clean crops,
and good gates and fences, and do not attend
to other stock on the plantation.
Again, if overseers neglect to enforce the
rules of morality on the plantation, they are in
the highest degree unfit for their station.—
This may be obnoxious to some—I am sorry to
say it, even employers—but I trust the time
may come when morality and virtue shall be
looked upon as an essential qualification for any
lawful avocation. Overseers, too, who are "dir
ty dogs" themselves, must not expect the ne
groes under their charge to be any thing else.
If we would raise the standard of our .pro
fession, let us act uprightly, and attend to* our
business closely,and be paid for our trouble.
An O verseer.
Cedar Town, Go., June, I860.
E ducation .—If the time shall ever come
when this mighty fabric shall totter; when the
beacon of joy that now rises in a pillar of fire,
a sign and wonder of the world, shall wax dim,
the cause will be found in the ignorance of
the people. If our Union is still to continue,
to cheer the hopes and animate the efforts of
the oppressed of every nation; if our fields are
to be untrod by the hirelings of despotism; if
long days of blessedness are to attend our
country in her career of glory; if you would
have the sun continue to shed his unclouded
rays upon the face of freemen, then educate all
the children in the land. This alone startles
the tyrant in his dreams of power, and rouaos
the slumbering energies of an oppressed peo
ple. It was intelligence that reared up tho
majestic columns of national glory; ana this
sound morality alone can prevent their crumb
ling to ashes. .
Bear this in M ind .—The great end of gov
ernment is human happiness, and every step
in legislation should be tested by this standard,
otherwise abstract legislation becomes whole
sale murder,robbery and blasphemy.
O" Philosophy is the common sense of
mankind digested.
D iscoveries or the M icroscope .—Leuwen
hosck tells of animated insects Been with the
microscope, of which twenty-seven millions
would only be equal to a mite. Insects of va
rious kinds are observable inthe cavities of a
eommon grain of sand. MoukTis a forest of
beautiful trees, with the branches, leaves, flow
ers, and fruit, fully discernable. Butterflies are
feathered. Hairs are bollow tubes. The sur
face of our bodies is covered with "scales like
a fish,.a single grain of sand would cover one
hundred and fifty of these scales; and a single
scale covers five hundred pores; yet through
these narrow openings the sweat eludes like
water through a sieve ; how minute then must
be its particles! The mite makes five hun
dred steps in a second. Each drop of stag
nant water contains a world of animated be
ings, swimming with as much liberty aaWhalea
in the sea. Each leaf is a colony of Insects
grazing on it like oxen in a meadow.
IT Weeds exhaust the strength of the ground
nd if suffered to grow may Be called garden
Clt is ascertained that a railway train, mov
ing,at seventy-five miles an hour, not an un
common speed for express trains to attain,
would have a velocity only four times less than
a cannon ball.
O* When Judge Parsons, of Pennsylvania,
was Speaker of the House of Assembly, one of
the members, in crossing the room, tripped on
the carpet, and fell down. The house bunt
■into laughter, while the Judge, with the ut
most gravity, cried*—''Order, order, gentlemen
the floor!"

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