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Shreveport daily news. (Shreveport, La.) 1861-1861, July 31, 1861, Image 1

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iThe Shrevep n't I)aily News,
f' ,liehe.d rery aday. Wednesday, Thurs
deay. Friilay, and Saturday mornine,
'OIIee, on Texan Street,
. i/,re',v" rirn.,. rLear /te .JlaIor'sof.n e.
i ,ik . per vvair itaLdvanee.. ......4.. '..io
Ih.ilve.r.del by carrier, 205 cents
Ve. kl vY ( 1,lrlavy) ill advance....... '...31
110l: TilE \V.;'KLY:
i r ":r 'h n! i tactref: ~1 t welvc lines or o 5r5
, c first i s rlt i n,,- r ........ ... $.. $ .o)
1l:i;'"'' - . -..... . ...... ........ :11
t " i, ;":, . - . "._
5 '*e:e' Ic hlti Iniserttien, leer
I -,u.,.. -, 9 1 4 17' 1 17 '
_' " '. ': " 1 1X ' 14 16! 17 1 ; " :r 1; :14)
•ll4 '.. . " :: J . 11 23 . I , 40
I -,i:;:,...' . - : I 1 2`2 $ 2 51 27 :L11) -10 54 1
•· ", I'. ·o. , .. I, 5 :Ir 30":3 :3 37i 40. 50: : till
' -,I,:"ar.. .. 2 - d :,l 4: 0 45 5dl ' tit; 71
7.,t :,'e. -. . '=:,:3: 41. 4$: 551 (il, 401I r) o
:.:, r . : 1.4:L 1 , 54 i:i1 7s1 ~ ji 90
S qutare .. . .. 4-.-'1 (11 l4,C` 75' c"4 I 9 ) lo104
1, '-'r.u, eS. t .;7i ,~ , 94;1¢04 1 ito 51 151i
" *: l),rti"-ss;,ei ,Il :nd tbu inetsl cards, (ij -
thalm;,J- flu- Daily palpr,) nbt exceeding
, ,lie's. t;,r 1'S moutlhs, $15-witlout
*",eLr, 11l).
1'he, privilege of yearly advertisers in
tri, tlv lianite. to their own inunediate and
re'.. ulalr busitl,, ; :itd the business of anl
e.lvt.rtising fi,..- ::..t considered as inclu
ci ig tdrtt of its individuIal nIelnbers.
\ltV:ertiseluents publlished at irregular
i:.'~eerls. Sl pjer square for each inser:ion,.
.\tilno, ciug candidates for a District or
"t.et ,"tir.c., .$1 ; tfIr ia Parish office, .10:
'it c ,tlic'., $5---to be paid in advalnce.
Ill ,'dverti.clllents fOr strangers or tran
.,lent pe.rsuxs, to be, paid in advance.
\dv-crtisemeltta s not marked on the copy
,r a slre-ifiecd time, -Will be inserted till
,rb'lidl. :td paytme.nt exacted.
Iarriage.'s and deaths will he publisel
a- ne,'ws ; ,bituari.s, tributes of respect, tand
'u:neral intvitations La other advertisenletts.
Offme nearly opposite the
Po IRt O EPire,,
SIllrKvEPoRi, La.
(i '. Y'. KENDA LL.
Sfirce, corner Market and Milam tas..
Opposite the I Tank.
4 'iie at 'I' II. MI,orriis' J)ruL, "4trr..
I ,r,.tr oft Spring and Far'rin :.
SHR-: V RlP"oRT. LAt.
S JMI'T11 . LE 1IN.
r'rn.y,.c, P tints. tils. a'i,'/e. "
Shr,'v|port, Texas .t.
No 9-dlv
Vicksburg W'hig.
P'Iblished in Vicksburg, Miss. by
M. Shannon. Term'nn, in advane-,
I :iliy per annum, SS; Weekly, 83.
CARGO of Rockland Lake,
'Crystal ICE, just received and for
rale by A. ENGLE d& CO.
Shreveport, April -5-nll-tf
., un . sv AT LAW.
A.ttorney at Law,
Oficee over Childers 4. BeaZrd's Store.
Cor. Texas and Spring stn.,
nl-lyd . SeHIveroRT. LA.
A.tttorney at Law,
Ore, corner Milanm 4C Market Streets.
I'racticjes in Caddo, Bossier and
_e$oto. _ o10-yd
Attorneys & Counsellors at Law.
,Sirrereport, La.
SIAC IE incopartuership in all
the courts held in th,* city of Shreve
port, and in the parishes of 1)e Soto
and Bossier.
Office on Market street near Milarn.
ifri'T. J. i,4o N- ly. SA.M'I. ,,ILt.,s.
Attorkeyjs S. (oan.n.selors at Law.
V II , practice in the Courts of
Caddo and surrounding parishes, and
in the Suprenue (Court at Monroe and
Alexandria. ()ffice on Market street,
near the Postothice, Shreveport, La.
Attorney and Counselor at law,
1(ce, opposite Post Ofjce.
Will practice in the Courts of
Caddo. ¶)eSoto, and Bossier. idlby
A.ttorney at I.a,
(Oice w'ith L. lr. N ul, corner of
M]iltm w red Malrket streets. ,:tAd-l.
Iand A. M. No. 115, meets
every Friday at 7 'P. M.
.Jo, VW. JoNEs. W. M.
J. If. Brownlee. Nee'y.
Shreeport 'chapter of R. A. M. No. tO,
mreets on the 2nd and 4th Monday of each
nonth, at 7 P. J.. .J. G. MCWILu.aLIS,
T. C. Waller. lRecorder. HI. P.
Shrerejport Council, R. and S. 3M. No. 5,
meets on the 1st and 3d Saturday of each
mo,ntlh,at 74 P. 3i. EiMMET D. CRAIG,
iHenry Levy, Recorder. T.-.G.'.M
1P- Place of meLeting, at the Masonic lial
,u Texa s street, over Mayor's ot ice. no24
f 0. 0. F
T''he regular mleetings of
N EITII LODGE, No. 21, are hehld
401 W.dmtne~siday evenings., at 7 o'clock,
at their Lodge Rtoomit on Texas strct..
P'... . KE YES, N. G.
. Ei.., Secretary. n1O
J. 1. II I.I . J. . I EI
Pheilp & Rocers,
/ . c.'Xsors to T . I. t'/,rid.ge
fGrovers &C'ommnission Mercihants
u'er. Cornince ar nd Mlilatta sts..
`IIll11R i 'tV. "!' R, LA.
Ke-qp constantly ,nlt hand :a large as
sortinnt of ,Stale ad Fan,-'t G;ro
reries, IIay, jGorn, Outs, etc.
Xdvances matide on eon .siginmuets to
our friends in New Orleans. nil idlv
.1. R. Sim pson. ; 1. tl. /houn.
SMinpseon & Calhoun,
Reciciring tand Forwarding. Agents,
Having leased the popular and commo
dious Warehouse of Messrs. Howard, Tally
& Co., and having had long experience in
business, we hope to receive a share of the
pablit patronage, uand pledge ourselves to
do an in our power to give entire satisfac
tion in all buiness entrusted to our care.
All we ask is a trisi. o25
John 4. Breckilri gen e the 
cola War.
On the resolution pending in the
Senate of the United States, approv.
ing of the acts of President Lincoln,
Senator Breckinridge, of Kentucky,
on the 16th inst., addressed the Sen
ate :
He said under ordinary circum
stances he might content himself
simply with a vote; but now ht
thought it required to give expres.
sion to his views. It was proposed
by the resolution to declare the act:
of the President approved. The res
olution, on its fact, seems to admil
that the acts of the President wert
not performed in accordance with the
constitution and the laws. If thai
were the case then he would be glad
to have some reason assigned show
ing the power of Ciongr-es.- to indem.
nify the P'resident for a breach of the
constitution. He denied that oun
branch of the Government can ini
denlnify public otticers inl anothe,
branch for violation of the constitu
tion and laws.
iThe powe-rs conferred on the Governo
nment by tile people of the States arc
the measure of its authority. Thes.
powers are confided in ditferent de
partmients and their boundaries arc;
determined. The Prekident has right.
and powers conferred, and Legislative
Department its powers, and the Ju
dicial Department its powers, and he
denied that either can encroach on
she other, or indemnify the ether, fot
usurpations of the power confided by
the constitution. Congress has ne
more right to make constitutional the
unoonstitutional acts of the President
than the President to make valid th:
acts of the Supreme Court encroach
ing on the Executive power, or the
Supreme Court to make valid an aci
of the Executive encroaching on the
Judicial power. The resolution sub
stantiallydeclares that Congress may
add to the constitutieon or take from
it in a manner not provided by that
instrument; that a bare majority car
byv resolution make that constitution.
al which is unconstitutional by the
same tuthority; so in whatever view
the power granted by this resolution
is utterly subversive of the constitu=
tion. It might be well to ask if the
President had assumed power not
conferred. IIe should confine him
self to the acts enumerated in the
resolution, acts which he declared to
be usurpations on the part of the Ex
ecutive; and so far from approving
the acts, he thought this high otlicer
should be rebuked by both houses of
Congress. The President has just
established blockades. Where is the
clause in the constitution which nu
thorizes it' The last Congress re
fused to contfr authority, and by what
authority did the President do it
when they refused ? The constitu
tion declaes that Congress alone has
power to declare war~, vet the Presi
dent has made war. in the last ses
sion, the Senator fronm Illinois (l)oug
las) delivered a speech on the 15th
March, which he would read. He
thinou read an extract front Mr. l)ooug
la.s's speech, declaring that the l'res
ident had no right to make a block
ade at New ()rleans or ('harlstoun
iamore than at Chicago.
He also read front a speech of I)an
iel Webster, delivered in 1.32, de
claring that General iJackson had no
-ight to blockade Charlestor. lie
said he approved these sentimeints ut
tered by these eminent st'atesmen.
vho were formerly regarded as sound
and thought the time would again
come when it would not be thought
reason to maintain them. T'he reso
ation proceeds to apIprove the act
of the IPresident enlisting men for
hree and five years. By what atu
hority of the constitution and la-w
"as he done this I The power is not
n the constitutionnor guaranteed by
aw. Therefore it must bb illegal and
mnconstitutional; again the Presi
:aent hr hi. wllt barn1 nAA1: irnFT.
mensely to the army, whereas the
constitution says Congress alone
have the power to raise armies. He
has also added to the navy against
the warrant of the constitution.
these acts are not defended on con
stitutional or legal grounds, and he
pronounced them usurpations. This
resolution goes on to recite that the
President has suspended the writ of
habeas corpus, and proposes to rati
fy and make that valid. We have
a, great deal of talk about rights
the rights of States, the rights of in
dividuals, and some of them have
been said to be shadowy and imagi
nary, but the right of every citizen
to be arrested only by warrantof law,
and his right to have his body brought
before a judicial authority-, in order
that the grounds of that arrest may
be detenrmined on, is a real right.
There can be no dispute about that.
It is the right of rights to all-high,
low, rich or poor. It is especialiy
the right of class which his excellen
cy the President calls plain people.
It is a right, the respect for which is
a measure of progress and civiliza
tion. It is a right that has been
struggled for, fought for, guarded by
laws, and backed up in constitu
tions. To have maintained it by'
arms, to have suffered for it then to
have it established on foundations
so immutable that the authority of
the sovereign could not shake it, is
the chief glory of the British people
from whom we deprive it. In En
gland the legislative power alone can
suspend it. The monarch of En
gland cannot suspend that right.
But the trans-Atlantic freemen seem
to be lager to approve and ratify acts
which a European monarch dare not
perform. It needs no legal argument
to show that the President cannot
suspend the writ of habeas corpus.
I content myself with referring to
the tact that it is classed among the
legislative powers by the constitu
tion. And that article conferring
powers on the President touches not
the question. I may add that, upon
no occasion, has it ever been asser
ted in Congress, so far as I recol
lect, that this power exists on the
part of the Executive. On noe occa
sion, Mr. Jefferson thought the time
had arrived when the writ might be
suspended, but he did not undertake
to do it himself,; and did not even
recommend it. Hie submitted it to
Congress, and in the long debt teo
which followed, there was not the
least intimation that the power be
longed to the Executive. I then
point to the constitution, and ask
Senators from what clause they de
duce the right, by any fair cnustruc
tion of the instrument itself, what
part contfers the power on the Presi
ldent? Surely not that clause which
enjoins him to take care of the con
stitution and the laws, and faithful
Iv to execute them. Tihe most eni
imeit coramentators of the constitu
tion declare it to be a legislative
right. The opinion of the present
Chief .Tustice, which has never been
amnswered, imakes all flurther argrunent
idle and supertuinous: and one of the
worst signie of the times is the mtan
ncr in which that opinionl has bce :i
received. A subordinate military
officer in Baltimore a:rrest.. a private
citizen and confines himi in a ta fr
tress. His friends get a writ of ha
bea~ corpus, but it cannot be excu
ted. The Chief Justice then gives
an opinion, which is coIImtnennlded. not
only by the proftssio, of which he
is so great an ornamnis t. hut by all
thoughtful man in the country. ''h".
newspapers of the country. and the
men excited by violent I:esions. have
denounced tihe Chiief .lustice. but
have not answered his opinion. ''Thlere
it stands, one of those productione
which will add to his renown. The
abuse of the press, and the rceflusal to
respect just authority, and the at
tempt to make that high judicial of
ficer odious, will yet recoil on these
men. I honor him for the courage
with which he did his duty, as well
as for the calm and temperate man
ner in which he pertformed it. 1 am
glad he yet remains among ns, a
man so remarkable for his honored
length of yearn and his eminent pub
lic services, and for the rectitude of
his private life, that he may be just
ly ranked among the most illustrious
Americans of the dcay. You propose
to make this act of the Presideat va
lid, without making a defence of it..
either on legal or constitutional
grounds. What would be the effect '
In thus approving what the President
has done in the past. you invite hin,
to do the like in the future, and the
law of the country will lie prostrate
at the feet of the Exeu~rie, and in
his discretion he may. msstitute the
military power for judicial .authoai
Again Mr. President, althoun
there are few of us here who take t1i
view of the constitution by this righlt
which I am advocatiugto-day, Itrust
we will not under any ciscumstances,
fail to protest in temperate but manly
language against what we consider a
ursurpation of the Presideht. Let
me call the attention of the Senate
briefly to other acts against which I
protest in thename of the constitution
and the people I represent. You hasve
practically martial ljtw all over thii
land. The houses of private citizens
are searched without warrant of laW.:
The right of the citizen to bear arms
is rendered nugatory by their being
taken from them without judicial pro
cess, and upon mere suspicion. In
dividualsare seized without legal war
rant, and imprisoned. The other day
since Congress met, a military ofliccr
in Baltimore, appointed a marshal of
that city. Will any man defend the
act? Does it not override all other
law ? Is it not substituting the ruhr
of a military commander for the law
of the land ? What more authority
had this officer to appoint a marshal
for the city of Baltimore than hbe bd t.,
appoint a pastor for one of their con
gregations,or apresidentfor one oftheir
banks ! The constitution guards th~
people against any seizure without ;a
warrant of judicial authority. Has
not the President of the UnitedStates.
by one broad sweeping act, laid hip
hands upon the private corresponden,
of the whole community? ýVho de
manded it, as conformable to the con
stitution? I am told sir-and if I
had the power I would offer a resolu
tion to inquire into it, in the name ",t
the public liberties- am told th:a
at this moment, in thejail of this cit-y,
there are individuals who have bee~si
takenu by military authorities fro':;
Mary land and other States, and noew
lie htere and vannot get out, and i a
some, instances they have actuall'
been forgotten. I was told of one i'
stance where a man was put in jall
here and fogotten. His friends mad, .
application at one of the Departmen-..
and they looked into the case a:. ,
found nothing against him, and he : n.
tlischarged. But in the rush ofevnve ,
the very existence of this man. a;n1
the cause of his imprisonment, f' a
forgotten. W any pass thli.- j,
resolution to approve thesoacts ai .
make them valid, but we coumnt mak.
them valid in ftct. I know that I, t.
gress,,in the cxercis:e of its l.l:,i:l m .,
tunctions. may appropriate I11,11,"'..
but it ',:as beens expended byv thl, l'r-=
ident witholtt warrant of lawn. ti.1
whatev,-r unconstitutional act h, lrr:.
hav- comnnitted c:aunnt be curetd l\ ,
joint resolution. It stahds there. :..
will stand forever. Nor can this ( ,( c
:ress p,rev'ent a succeeding C,.ngre, -
from holding any officer of the (;: overi
mient responsible for a violation of hli
constitution. I eltmerate what i1 -
gard as the utsurpaution of the Exev,.,
tive, and against which I wish to r,
cord tlhe protest of tlhose who are ,.
willing to seh the 'onstitution subv-,.-r -
ed, under whatovetr pi'retxt, netcessict .
or othertvise.
Afr. Breekinridtge then re-eni~,nr
atod the several acfs in the resolutin
to which he had referred. This,
great fundamental rights, sir. ti,
sanctity of which is the measurce ;
progress and civilization, have bee i
trampled under foot by the militar'.
nd are being now trampled une-,

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