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>prarm r ml Keep the eggs dry. Gather and burn the rubbish. Why don't ducks? farmers raise more A nervous cow is not necessarily an undesirable cow. There is no better grain feed for young calves than whole oats. Keeping record of the individual cow is the road that leads to success. The market poultryman was never In such a strong position as he is to day. It is said that the cow, of all ani mals, should have good and pure food. It is a mistake to let another win ter begin without installing a litter carrier. Severe drouth has thoroughly test ed the profitableness of spraying po tatoes. The most money is made upon the farms where the best methods are followed. A small box or Jar of lime should be kept in the cellar to keep the air pure and dry. A balanced ration is a good thing, but a balanced judgment is needed Just as much. One should so plan that all the hay and straw will be used on the farm, and keep stock enough to consume tt all. Eggs may be preserved fairly well (or a few months by packing dry in a mixture of equal parts salt and ■awdust Hog raising, like everything else, In the stock line, has its many little details that must be met as they come up. All shrubs that have done blooming Bhould be pruned at once. This in duces blooming buds and branches for next year's crop. Give the apple orchard plenty of fertilizer, particularly potash and phosphoric acid. A starved orchard is not a money maker. Constipation in hogs, the forerun ner of other troubles and diseases, is. generally caused by too exces sive use of one kind of feed. Anything that prevents the fat globules from coming in contact with each other delays the churn ing and decreases the yield. The honey bee annually produces a crop of honey valued at around $20, 000,000, and there are vast opportuni ties for increasing this output. Until ready to ripen, the fresh cream from each skimming should be Immediately cooled down to 50 de grees or less, and held in cold stor age. If you expect to ship any cocks this Winter to poultry shows or to custo mers, take the precaution of applying glycerine liberally to the combs and wattles. Well dressed fowls are more at tractive to the hungry than well dressed people. If you don't believe It leave it to the hired man or the growing boy. To overcome the habit of cows holding up their milk it is necessary to refrain from exciting the natural obstinancy of the animal by any dis turbing influence. Nut-bearing trees, owing to their peculiar system of roots, are much more difficult to transplant than are fruit-bearing trees, or even those known as seed-bearing. The experienced cattle feeder will say that there is no ironclad rule for feeding. He watches his animals and feeds them according to what they seem to be able to stand. Give the houses a good cleaning, and plow or spade up the yards. Dirty houses breed vermin, and polluted soil are incubators for the gape worm. In selecting breeders for a farm flock buy pure-bred fowls, but it is not well to lose sight of the fact that gen shouId be the first consideration. The returns as regards meat and egg production will be most Satisfactory irom breeding stock that to strong and vigorous, even though they may not be as perfectly feath ered. Many dairies, apiaries, and even regular farms are owned by women who are able to set an example to the owners of neighboring places In such work as caring for poultry, wom en are likely to prove superior to men. If any work requiring greater strength than they possess, they can do exactly what the regulation farmer would under slmi'ar namely, hire help that ^doX^f' ; Inquired at ia i Treat the cow kindly. Keep the vigorous chickens. The tide 1b setting toward the farm again. Burnt lime Is harmful unless It Is very carefully used. Lime is not a fertilizer, and should be used only to correct acidity in a soil. Hogs often fail to get a sufficient amount of water during the winter time. The cost of high living does not worry the farmer; he makes his own living. With present real estate prices the expression "dirt cheap" loses much of its force. The value of the manure from the hay and straw used on the farm Is no small item. The right way to water cows In winter is to keep the water before them in the stable. Hogs may be badly diseased with tuberculosis and not show it in the least before slaughter. A well-defined system of manage ment for the growing of cattle needs to be put into operation. Instead of experimenting with a large planting of a new variety of tree fruit, top-graft a few trees. The farmer who is too far from town to deliver milk at a profit will find buttermaking his salvation. It pays to maintain a heavy flow of milk, even if expensive feeds must be given the cows at certain seasons. If It were not for the milk checks in the winter time the profits of many a dairy farmer would be insignificant In apple culture the first great es sential In the successful culture of the apple is the Improvement of the soil. If it is winter eggs you want better let the oldest hens go. They some times lay a few eggs but very few as a rule. When buying bran for the cows get enough to divide with the hens. As a hen food bran is just as valuable as a cow food. It does not pay to plant crops In the peach orchard. Some people do ^t, but it is generally believed to be a bad practise. A balky horse is made so by a cranky or cruel driver, and can rarely be cured. So be very careful In breaking the colts. Convenient coops for marketing the chickens will pay not only in the sat isfaction that they afford but in the greater convenience. i ~~ charm of country Bordeaux mixture is likely to cause russeting of apples on young trees, as it produces excessive development of cork cells In the skin. — It has been suggested that the packer who puts rotten eggs on the market should be sentenced to serve time as a target for the eggs. Have the floor of the hen house warm and dry. The time Is near when the hens to do well must have warmth and dryness under foot. It is quite true that hogs have not such dainty appetities as sheep, yet they will respond surprisingly to any increased attention in this respect . 6 j ! FS declare that 6 because it has given em the best results; so with the Berkshire men and also the Tanwortb advocates. Sugar beets make very good feed for cattle, but some grain and clover and alfalfa should go along with them, as they contain too much water to be fed alone. On the average farm the sheep are the most neglected animals, and it is really astonishing to note the waste of opportunities in conditioning and marketing lambs. When the nests are put In order for the winter, sprinkle ashes into the material and put a couple of moth balls in as well. These tend to dis courage mites and lice. Carefully scrape away the dirt around the base of one or two of your trees, and you will be able to discover whether the roots are growing too closely to the surface or not. Many fail with sheep because they fail to keep the breeds that are best adapted to their farms and do not raise the kind the market demands and is ready to pay the highest price for. Letting a calf go hungry for a day and then feeding him to repletion will give him the stomach ache and scours, and set him back a week in hie growth. For those who appreciate It, the life outweighs everything the city can afford. If there are children in a family, life J n the open is far better than in a crowded flat, and the surounding Influences are superior. The fact that the health of a family is involved, has sent many into the fresh air and sunshine. This is a good time to give the mites and lice in the chicken house a final blow before winter sets in. Drive the birds all outside, place an old iron pot or vessel of some kind in the center of the floor, throw on a pound of sulphur and set fire to it. Keep the doors and windows closed ^ ° f 1°™ aDd get 0lU of the bouse y° urs e ] f as soon as you caD ihave lighted the sulphur. The Scotch usher-Ghil I VA. TJZ& JViS&zr/G £>QJL<& I T IS a very great privilege to know the Scotch fisher-girl, and only a very special introduction at Yar mouth will open the gate to a somewhat exclusive land. Thought less journalists and zealous photog raphers have tried in vain to enter. "We're not wild beasts to be stared at," sent the photographer sorrowful ly away, and the journalist lost caste for ever. Both the intruders mistook the peo ple with whom they had to deal. They judged the girls by their work. They did not know—how could they?—that not merely girls who can gut fish are here, but a whole community is rep resented with all its intellect its tal ent and its pride. Whole villages go to the fishing from the Moray Firth But they are the fisher-people, and each member of the family takes a part in the industry. As naturally as a duck takes to the water do the chil dren turn to the fishing. It is a tradi tion, the mantle falling from Elijah's shoulders. In the winter the girls are engaged in mending the nets which have been destroyed at the fishings during the year. Each man may have half a mile of nets to re pair, and the girls are experts at the work. They join heart and soul with their fathers or brothers in the task of preparing for the fishing. That is what they live for. The talk in the winter is of what has been at the fishing, to be presently replaced by what may be at the next. Meanwhile their hands are busy, if not with the nets, then with knitting, for fathers and brothers and hus bands want thick hose and new Jer seys; they themselves have soft, thick stockings to replace, and probably new ijerseys for the fishing. Some of the girls go to service, but not many. And Ithen it Is only for the winter months, i ^ the call of the fishing, tradition re ^asserts itself; the fisher-girl is born jagain. She may bind herself to do jmestic service for a while, but blood is thicker than water. Her "ain folk" are going, and nothing short of a pris on would keep her back. There is a story of a Highland girl who was brought to London to sefv i ce - It was hoped that she would adapt herself to circumstances. In the morning a crowd gathered round the door. The Highland lassie was adapting circumstances to herself. Clad in short gown and petticoat, with bare feet, she was swilling the steps. A leopard cannot change its spots. Associated with the Scotch fisher people are those from Shetland. Meet f ! he fis f hi " S ' which J S Q h ® t ^ rS *, g fishing 0 f the > ear the Shetland men go forth with the boats to earn a living for the winter; the gi r i s follow the herring, so they, too, may provide for the barren months, In the Shetland isles there is nothing else for the people to do; they have no 0 th er means of making money. During the winter they live on the earnings of the summer, with the help of the farm produce which each cottar He possesses half can call his own. 6i .^7 Lassies Packing Herrings. an acre or more of land, a cow, some sheep and a few hens, and he makes the most of them. Butter and milk and eggs keep the family from want, and the wool from the sheep's back provides the clothing. All this means work for the wom en, and right willingly do they go about it. W^ien they are not digging up the peat to dry for fuel, they are on the potato field. Early morning finds them milking the cow or feeding the hens: at night-fall they are bend ing over the spinning wheel. In be tween times they are knitting . . . knitting—you never see a Shetland girl without her knitting. All the world knows her beautiful work— scarves and spencers and soft Shet land shawls. But not all the world knows of the labor entailed, of the washing and spinning and winding and knitting. For one moment come to Shetland and see the flsher-girl at home on the peat isle. It is quiet and dull and very cold. But the air is beautifully clear and the Shetland girl's cheeks reflect the transparency; her figure responds to the healthy glow. Very poor are the people around; they derxfo^a fishing. If It has been poor, theyl.î^Je in hope for the next, and maybe run into deb' with the grocer. Then is the truck açt set at naught, for beautiful Shetland shawls pass over the counter to he sold in Glas gow and London for prices th»t would take away the breath of the girl who is worried over tea and sugar. The Shetland girls have no nurket for their work, and the middleman reaps the benefit. Providing for immediate wants, preparing for the fyture need, the winter wears away. The summer brings the fishing. Then tùe Shetland girls go down to the fishing stations and the Scottish girls cojne up. They all live together in the little wooden huts which the curers have built for them. Just a room is all the hut con tains, a ro«m with two beds. The flsh«r-girls do not live indoors; they only fleep beneath a roof. Nev ertheless, they make their temporary homes coirfortable. They bring wall paper and their own handiness with them; thair "Kists" hold pictures and photographs. It Is remarkable of HI 1 Off Duty. the fisher-girl that wherever she goes she takes her individuality with her. From the Shetland fishing she may pass to Aberdeen, to Fraserburgh, to Scarborough and to Grimsby, then on to Yarmouth and Lowestoft. But al ways she is the Scotch flsher-girl; pride of race is in her blood, the grace of forefathers in her heart. One can never forget that they are a people, these fisher-folk who go from fishing to Ashing, making food for the win ter; they do not change color in the different dyes in which they dip. The diamond comes up, dimmed, it may be but still a diamond. How to Be Happy. There are as many ways to be hap py as there are people in the world. And the duration of human happiness is as long and as short as human life. But the best and most enduring hap piness of all is that which is wedded to some sort of philosophy, and the key to all the philosophies is the hu mor sense. It is the humor sense that saves us from ourselves by re vealing to us how little we are, and of what small account in the cosmos schere, however big we may seem to ourselves or to one another. So we learn our own limitations and are con tent to abide within them; so we learn the limitations of others, and are fain to be tolerant and charitable to ward them. So we learn that it is not in art, or literature, or politics, in wealth, or fame, or power, in the lust of the eye or the delight of the mind or in any other of those sounding ab stractions, that we shall find the best guerdon of life, but in the. hearts ol other men and women, like unto our selves.—Edwin Pugh, in London T P.'s Weekly. Dr. Johnson's Electioneering. Southwark was once the scene of Dr. Johnson's electioneering energies. This was in 1780, when Johnson's friend, Ralph Thrale, was candidate for the di vision. Dr. Johnson wrote Thrale's ad dress to the electors and on several oc casions went canvassing in company with Mr. Thra'e. One night, as Boswell records, an cxcited burgess seized the doctor's hat and, slapping him on the back, ex claimed: "Ah, Master Johnson, this is no time to be thinking about hats!" •No, no, sir," returned Johnson, "hats j are of no use now, as you say, except ! to throw up in the air and huzza with." And seizing his own hat again he showed how the thing should be done —Westminster Gazette. Alarming. "Were you very ill?" ^ "Pretty sick, my boy." "Have a consultation of doctors?" "Worse than that. There was » consultation of my creditors." Literal Satisfaction. "Jane, is the dessert in nice order to put on the table?" "Yes, ma; in apple pie order." G ïng Senatorial Trifles Cost Much Money £2® J uncl F SAM WILL\ pay FOR these ASHINGTON.—The vanities, fol lies and eccentricities of states men are brought a trifle further into the limelight through the secretary of the senate's annual report, made pub lic in congress. It discloses the little odds and ends of luxury and comfort near a senator's heart, when It can be obtained at government expense. From May 1 to June 28 there were 232 cases of appoliharis splits fur nished the senate, costing $1,856. Taxicabs for taking senators home at the close of sessions cost $110. Twen ty-six boxes of lemons were used du ring the month of July last year. They cost more than $175. It required two barrels of granulated sugar, costing $36.33, to sweeten them. Five gallons of witchhazel cost $3.25. One dozen bottles soda mint and pepsin tablets to cure Indigestion were purchased for $44.20. Three large bottles of bromo seltzer were worth $2. Nineteen dozen of assorted hair brushes cost $3.20. Ten cases of soap were obtained for $27.50. Twen Crop of Capital Rumors Is Abundant Wj no F THE legislative season is dull, the rumor crop is very large, and it has been what might be called a season of denials in the capitol. Re cently whisperings of changes in the president's cabinet were afloat, and they multiplied so rapidly and as sumed such distorted shapes that they led to vigorous denials from the white house authorities. The two in parti cular that were whispered around were the resignation of Secretary of the Treasury MacVeagh and the ele vation of Mr. Taft's secretary, Charles D. Norton, to the place, and the ele vation of Congressman James A. Tawney to the position now occupied by Secretary of the Interior Richard A. Ballinger. Both called forth the most vigorous denials. Aside from denying rumors, Presi dent Taft's chief work has been along the lines of the Panama canal zone, which he Intends bringing to the at tention of congress very soon. The president has recommended and is preparing to urge legislation appro priating large sums for the fortifica tion of both entrances to the canal zone, and this in itself will cause a struggle. In addition there Is pend ing before the senate a bill, already Postal Thieves Reported Plentiful ; j u*: mtt à 2 MAIL NUMEROUS complaints are coming daily to the postoffice department at Washington caused by the losses of packages and money. Mails are easy to rob, but few postal thieves ever escape detection. They are sure to be caught and punished in the end. No thief is harder to catch than ore those who rob the government '3 mail. Their methods are skillful and the plunder Is easily hidden or destroyed. Postoffice thieves are not arrested ev ery day, although valuable letters and other articles are stolen almost daily and an army of sharp inspectors are on the watch. Positive proof of guilt must be in the possession of the in spector before an arrest is made. Cir cumstantial evidence does not go at any time. In almost every case an arrest means conviction. The postofHce employee never knows when he is being shadowed. Outside of business hours, even, he may be watched, when not under sus Living Expense Doesn't Effect Army »JTH'HICM COST 0' LIVIH' JS A JOKE S' OLDIERS of the regular army read of the high cost of living and smile. It is not a matter of particu lar interest to them, for the commis sary is bound to- issue the regular ration at regular intervals, regardless of what the cost may be. In the war department the situation causes some concern, for it means go ing before cocgress with a plea for more money for the army, incidentally for funds to make up a large and j growing deficiency now amounting to ! $1.125,000. Uncle Sam's are the best-fed sol diers in the world. The ration pro vided for tbem insures plenty of the best of food three times a day and the army ration intelligently handled soon produces ft company fund, from the Life's Varied interests. "The weather's rather bad, isn't (It?" said the young woman. "Yes," replied the nonchalant youth. "Lucky thing it is. Helps conversa tion. It would be a deadly bore to go on forever saying 'It's a pleasant day."* ty-four dozen whisk brooms aggre gated $50. One bag of ground alum salt cosl $1 ; two ounces of quince seed, Zt cents f one quart of castor oil, 41 cents; one drahm oil rose, $1, and two bottles of salhepatica, 90 cents. Two thousand quinine pills were bought The small items of the pharmacy and toilet cost $215.47. One pound ol snuff, to replenish the two boxes jusl within the senate chamber cost 8f cents. When a senator wants to look real ly dressed up he must have a pair of white gloves, and ten dozen of these, costing $21.50, is one senatorial ex pense item. Some senators like their offices to look nice and cozy for old home visitors, so twenty-three velouf sofa pillows figure in the list The items in the report printed In fine type, cover over more than 700 pages. Any one who has a lurking suspicion that senators don't Imbibe water freely should glance at the record of $1,834 spent for apollinaris water. More than $3,000 was expend ed for other mineral waters. A number of senators drew practfc cally nothing against their annual al lowance of $125 for stationery, and they are given a refund of the amount. Others were heavy stationery users, the amount of their commutation ac count being small. passed by the house, replacing the canal commission by a director gen eral at the head of a civil govern ment, the details of which are being worked out by the president. Moreover, there is the question of canal tolls, which on the recommenda tion of the president, Is being worked out in a bill by Chairman Mann of the house committee on inter-state com merce. He is also anxious that the tolls to be charged be decided on at this session, so that there will be time for the world's commerce to adjust itr self to the proposed rates. In order to embody some of the president's recommendations in the pending bill Senator Flint has secured the recommitment of the bill In the senate, so that the committees can In sert such changes as the president decides. It is likely that at every stage of the legislation - bearing on the canal there will be opposition. The transcontinental railroads opposed the canal at the outset and they are ex pected to fight vigorously against tolls so low as to make the ocean liners real competitors of the railroads. On the subject of fortifying the canal there has already developed op position, and though both houses can be counted on to vote for fortifica tions, many long speeches will be made on the other side either by peace advocates or by congressmen general ly hostile to the expenditure of money on the canal. The election of United States senators by popular vote 1« also looming up. picion of theft to see if he is spending more money than his salary will al low. It Is wonderful that there are aa few thieves among the many thou sands of clerks who handle the mails, for great temptations surround them, as they handle millions of valuable parcels. These clerks soon learn tc tell by the very touch of a lettei whether it contains money. It would be an easy matter for the dishonest clerk to slip letters into his pocket and open them in some private plaça But the cases of dishonesty are con» paratively few. There are but two successful way» to catch a postoflice thief and thes« are by constant watch and by decoj letters. With these and a large sup ply of patience the game will be caught. It often requires months and sometimes years to accomplish thia It is one of the most annoying and difficult lines of detective work a man ever engaged in and requires the most earnest labor. Not a single thin/ must be overlooked. But few arrests have been made In Washington where there I b a powerful army of postoffice employees. They seldom go wrong, yet inspectors are no more numerous there than in othe; cities. commodities not used, suffi cient to keep the mess table supplied with luxuries. A few years ago at western posts the commissary could easily contract for beef at 5 cents a pound, half the price now demanded. The skyward tendency of life's necessities is ol merely passing interest to the enlist ed men, though it is a real tragedy to ,the young officers. Those of the ju nior grades draw very low pay con sidering the incidental expenses their position requires. For a second lieu tenant the salary of $116 a month, particularly if he be stationed at some eastern post, is forever falling short These young officers live in a mess— a real mess—these days when the cost of living is twice as much as it used to be, and it never did fit the salary. Friends of young army officers sometimes exert themselves to have them detailed for duty in Washing ton. If he has money outside his pay account this may not ruin him. If he is dependent on his pay, such a detail is a tragedy. Always Busy. "And you are really settlement workers?" interrogated the housewife as she handed each of the wanderers a wedge of pie. "Yes, mum," responded the dusty spokesman, with a low bow, "we work every settlement we come to." r \BI\ET ALK the cost of life Is ths price of food. The Beat of the stomach. Omelets Galore. "To make an omelet, you must first ûreak eggs." An omelet that is tender, putfy and well seasoned and cooked is not an easy thing to prepare. The cook who is able by practice and skill to pro duce the edible variety is certainly worthy of praise. The French cook says that no liquid should be added to the omelet: in America some add milk, others water. It is generally accepted that water it better than milk, as It makes a mow tender omelet. Use as many table spoonfuls of water as eggs, separating the yolks from the whites and beating the yolks until thick and lemon-col ored. Another secret of a tender ome let is In the whites of the eggs. If they are beaten until dry, the omelet will not be as tender. Stop beating when the egg stands up well. A steel frying pan is best in which to cook the omelet. See that the pan is perfectly smooth, as a little rough ness will often catch and spoil an ome let. A good plan is to scour out the pan with salt before using. Have the pan smoking hot and add a tablespoonful of butter, greasing the sides of the pan well. Combine the whites and yolks with seasoning and pour into the pan. Slide a spatula around under the edge as it Is cook ing, so that the center will have a chance to cook. When well cooked on the bottom, set a moment In the oven to cook on top, then fold and serve. Chopped chives and parsley are added to omelets for flavor. A sweet omelet is a favorite with many for luncheon. Just before pour ing the omelet Into the pan, put • handful of blanched almonds into the pan, and pour over the egg, cook care fully not to scorch the nuts. Bet In the oven as usual, fold on the plat ter and pour over the omelet a halt cup of hot maple sirup. Tomato may be spread over the omelet Just before folding, or a little apple jelly or any sweet jelly or pre serves, too small In amount to use otherwise. In fact, almost anything eatable may be used in. on or around an omelet. HE tender Waffle heart* ar* set upon Is either Crisp or Soggy, and Anon Like Maple Sirup made of Corn and Cob* Lasts but a scant Ave minutes and U gone. Breakfast Dishes. Most housekeepers will agree that Oreakfast is the most difficult meal to provide variety. Here are a few un usilal dishes which may suggest oth ers and thus furnish a change. Bacon Scramble.—Fry several slices of bacon until about done; drain off part of the fat, and add six eggs well beaten; stir constantly until well cooked. A little grated onion may be added for flavor. Season while cook ing. Southern Buckwheat Cakes Four cupfuls of buckwheat flour sifted, one half a compressed yeast cake dis solved In a little lukewarm water, on« teaspoOnful of salt and one tablespoon ful of molasses. Mix with enough warm water to make a thin batter and set to rise over night. For a breakfast fruit, grape fruit Is one that is both appetlzipg and me dicinal; a fresh apple or one baked and served with cream is another good dish. Stewed prunes, or a few dates steamed with the oatmeal are another favorite combination. Codfish Balls.—Take a cup of shred ed codfish, after soaking, two cups of mashed potatoes, one beaten egg, one and a half teaspoonfuls of butter, pep per to taste. Mold into cakes three fourths of an Inch thick and saute In bacon fat. Serve a poached egg on each and garnish with fried bacon. The omelet is a breakfast dish that should have a chapter to Itself, as they are legion. However, all omelet« are only variations of the plain ome let. Beat three eggs, whites and yolks separately; add three tablespoonfuis of water to the beaten yolks, season with salt and pepper, cut and fold in the white and turn into a smokinghot omelet pan that has been well but tered. Lower the heat at once, and when the bottom is browned, set in the oven to finish the top. Cut the edge on opposite sides and carefully fold and roll on the heated serving platter. Garnish with parsley. To Encourage the Stork. A rich resident of Paris with a view to checking the decline in the birth rate, has left under his will $1,000 to each head of a family in the neighbor hood where he resides who, having been married within the five years preceding his death, shall have fiv« legitimate children living. between asked a A Matter of S er "What is the difference /trmness and obstinacy?" young lady of her fiance. "Firmness," was his gallant reply, "is a noble char acteristic of women; obstinacy Is • lamentable defeat in men."—Stray Sto ries. Rattler May Be Useful. No doubt many uses can be found lor a rattler's existence and yet when you have your gun with you and you find one within range, you kill it on principle, not that you are afraid of it biting you, but that there is a chance of it biting the next thing, hu an or otherwise, that comes along. New Style in Pincers. Pincers that lock when closed and *hich require considerable forcé^ to open have been patented by a Cali fornia inventor.