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ST. LANDRY DEMOCRAT.
M. D. KAVANAGH, Editor. TERMS FOE SUBSCRIPTION. One Dollar ani> Fiftt Cents a year, in ad vance. The year can be begun at any time, as fifty-two numbers of the paper make a years subscription. AGENTS OF THE DEMOCRAT: D. P. Saizan Barre'» Landing Capt. Saui. Haas Bayou Chicot j. J. Hicks VHle Plate Leopold Godcliaux ..Big Cane Abraham Richard Chureliville Dr. J. F. Lester Petit Prairie Henry Wood worth ..Washington Mentor Andrus Foreuian <fc Dusou .. Andrew Henry T. C. Chachere Jos Fabacher J. D. Bernard E. C. Roger B. S. Gay M. J. Rosteet Grand Coteau Plaque,mine Brûleé Mermento Prud'homme City Fabacher P. O PoupeviHe Arnaudville Bayou Boeuf Lake Charles The geutlanien above named are our agents and as such requested to solicit subscriptions. M. D. KAVANAGH, Editor. 0PEL0USA8, SATEBI »AV, FEBBl'AUY 2, 1878. Peach trees are beginning to bloom. We have had some dark cloudy weather this week, but not a great deal of rain. We will soon have almost a new bridge across Bayou Tesson. The lumber is on the ground: The Enterprise speaks of our friend Alcee Dupré killing 74 birds at 80 shots. That's nothing, another-friend of ours killed 40 at one shot a year or two ago. The Rev. E. Cater will preach at the Masonic Hall in this place on next Sab bath, Februar} 3d at 11 o'clock a. m., and 4 o'clock p. m. Judge Hudspeth is converting the late residence of B. F. Linton, deceased, into a law office. It will be a nice place for a law office ; near the Courthouse and well shaded. Dou't forget the entertainment to be given thiseveningby theUnited Friends of Tempeiance, at Wilkins'Hal!, Wash ington. Admmittance 25 cents. Re freshments in keeping with the princi ples of the order, will be on hand. J. 0. Chachere, Clerk of Court, Judge B. A. Martel, E. T. Lewis and Jos. M. Moore, have returned since our last from New Orleans. J. N. Ogden, Esq., is still in the city, but will be at home Monday. The Parish Court, Judge J. B. A. Fpnteuot, adjourned on Thursday. A Probate term will begin the 1st Mon day in February. Judge Jones, and one of his sons Mr. 6. F. Jones were in town this week*on business. The Judge and his family came from Missouri to this parish du ring the past summer. They purchased 1000 acres of good farming land on Pla qneroine Brulee, where they are engaged "in farming and stock raising, and seem well pleased with their investment. We liope the Judge may induce some of his frieuds to come to St. Laudry as we " have ample room and a harty welcome for such gentlemen as Judge Jones and his sons. We extract the following article from the Washington Enterprise of the 30th ult.: We hear a great many asking about the new paper of Opelousas, and we have not yet heard a soul that could tell anything about it. When the Jour nall suspended it said nothing to the public about the change. The Journal head was taken off, and the St. Landry Democrat was the new paper. Is it possible that the people of this parish are so ignorant as to believe such politi cal tricks as that? if so they deserve what they will get in the November election, that is tricked by the Court house clique, and that body remain in power a few years longer. The Courthouse element knew that a new paper would have to be started for their benefit,and a ' catch-name' at the bead to win. A uew editor was neces sary as the retired editor of the Journal could not edit a Democratic paper, aud even if he did, the boys would not bite, so he plays quits, and the name of M. D. Kavanagh, appears at the head of the infant. * v In conclusion we will say that the St. Landry Democrat will be published tor the benefit of the Courthouse clique, and we ask you ail to look aud see who that body is composed of. A few years - agooue of the leaders was a Republi can. now he hops over to the Democrats and asks their support, and expectH as a matter of course that the 'rads' are boundtostick. Wehavenothingagainst J^ie editors of the Journal -Sr: Landry ^ D emocrat , but d—m it, how we hate to gee a people suffer for years at the hands of a party and then suffer themselves to swindled under a new name. As oiir readers are aware, the Enter prise is about the size of a lady's cam bric pocket handkerchief, is edited by Frank Conelley, who floated in here from the State of Arkansas, about a year ago. Since coming here and starting the Enterprise he has been on all sides of all questions. Originally he could say nothing toe mean or too low, about the negroes, scjdlawags, carpet-baggers, Re publicans generally. A trip to New Orleans, and a little kind treatment at the Customhouse, brought him back an ardent admirer of Matt Wells and An derson, whom he gave the special bene ^fit of a gushing column on his return. Originally an advocate of the Sunday law, threatening to denounce all who were opposed to it, in his columns ; prais ing Untile skies when enacted ; we next find bins denouncing and damning it as a nuisance and reprobating and con demning it in bis peculiar slang, which is neither " French, English nor good Choctaw." Next he was an ardent ap plicant for " Editor of the new. paper," not getting which he tutus round in his spite and commences to throw his filth at us. It is not strange that this apologist for Matt Wells and Tom Andersou ; this Radical and Demo crat; this advocate and opponent of the Sunday law, who runs the En terprise and aspired to edit the " new paper ; " whose political orthodoxy changes with the dinner he eats or the L last man he talks to ; should squirm like a worm on hot ashes, when lie sees an honest eff'ort being made to fuse the Democratic party of St. Landry together again. He sees the handwriting on the wall. He knows and feels it will be an extinguisher on all such as he. Our readers we hope will pardon us for speaking thus of him. It is the last time we expect either to notice him or - VOLUME 1. OPELOUSAS, LA., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1878. NUMBER 3. Parish Expenses, Parish Taxes We are indebted to the Clerk of the Police Jury for the following revenue of expenses of the parish for nine months of the last year, aud the pay of witnesses and jurors for the spring and fall terms of the District Court, for 1877. These are expenses created not by the Police Jury, but lixed by the laws of the State. The only thing the Police Jury has to do with these expenses is to pro vide ways and means for their payment. During nine months of 1877 these ex penses as follows : Sheriffs criminal fees $2230 00 District attorneys tees for convictions. 1«50 00 Sheriff and clerks salary by spel act No 165 of 1808 Sheriffs per diem attending District Parish and Supreme Court Jail fees Magistrate fees Constable fees Witnesses before magistrate Expenses witnesses and Jurors -2 terms 1000 00 700 00 2043 00 2294 00 2179 00 840 0i District Court 3716 40 \dded together tbese foot up a total aggregate ol' $17283 40 Expenses are given for nine months only, because of the provisions of sec tions 2 aud 3 of act No. 5 of 1877, pro hibiting the approval or issuance of any evidence of indebtedness by any Police Jury after October 1st, 1877, un less the money was in the treasury for payment of the same. This year the Assessor will have to be paid in addi tion to above, about $1000 for making assessment. During 1877, the total parish tax levied was $48069 90, of this amount as per report of tax collector, only $36251 37 was collected; the remaining $11818 45 being for delinquents; property bought by the State and uncollectible. By this statement it will be seen that of the amount collected, to wit: 36231 37. $17283 40 was absorbed by claiu» created by the State and not by ordi nances of the Police Jury. The total amount of taxable property in St. Landry is $2176,600. A tax of on« percent on this will amount to $21176. Suppose this had been the rule of taxa tion in 1877, aud the delinquent aud un collectible tax had amounted to $11,818, 45, we would have had left $10357 55, or a little more than enough to have paid one-half the amount of expenses sad dled on us by the State, leaving nothing for contingent expenses, outstanding indebtedness, internal improvements and other expenses of the parish. The figures and facts here given speak for themselves. They demand that some action should be taken and atouce to remedy this state of affairs, and we specially call them to the attention of our Senators and Representatives in .the Legislature. . Were the State to assume payment of these expenses now saddled on the parish, then there would be no trouble iu getting along on one per cent of as sessed value of property. There is not a member of our Police Jury, but pays taxes, some of them very heavy ones. They have been as economical as possi ble as the law stands. Any measure of our legislature, looking to a saving of expenses aud consequent reduction of -taxation will be thankfully receivedand acted upon by the Police Jury. The Eastern War. The war between Russia and Turkey we take it is about ended. As a matter of course Turkey has got the worst of it. As heretofore in wars betweeu these powers at the outset the Turks got the best of it. Their successes however were momentary. As soon as the Russiaus had sufficient time to concentrate and bring up their reserve troops, reverse after reverse overtook the Turks in rapid and bewildering succession. For tified towns were carried by assault or starved into submission ; the passes of the Balkius were forced and the Rus sian legions poured like an avalanche towards Adrianople. Suliinan Pasha, with the last organized Turkish army was overtaken on his retreat, his wagon trains and artilery captured and his army cut in two. When the Russians had reached Adrianople the English fearful of their future control of the East began to exhibit symptoms of un easiness and last week it looked highly probable that old England would again iiave to stop the career of the Russians as in 1829, when Diebitchs onward march to Constantinople was so sud denly stopped, to the amazement of the world, and not explaiued until years afterwards it was revealed by the pub lication of dispatches of the English Government, to their naval commanders in the Black Sea and Mediterranean to take part, at once with the Turks, if the Russians advanced further. However, judging from the tone of the dispatches, this time it will not be necessary for England to interfere. The Turks have concluded, it seems without delay to take peace on such terms as the Russians will grant them. The war has been short, sharp and de cisive, as all wars must necessarily be, where both parties use modern artillery and breech loading rifles. It has been conducted with savage fury and bar barity on both sides reminding one of maidievil times when the horrors of war had not yet been tempered with the mercy of Christianity and civilization, of the days when the Cresent and the Cross struggled for the mastery of Europe. It is-** strenge notion to advance against the prosecution of crime that it will purthe cou u try at cost, If that not. tion is to prevail, let us abolish the whole system of law, and save the sat-» aries of judges aud officers of courts. If the laws are cot to be enforced be cause there is expense involved, why not at once do away with the whole machinery of justice and let everv man be a law onto himself? That is the ine vitable conclusion. Could a more mon strous proposition possibly be brought forward?—£Ei. Attention, Deer Hunters. Section 1 of act No. 60, extra session of 1877, reads thus: "That it shall be unlawful in this State to catch, kill or pursue with such intent, any wild buck, doe or fawn or to have the same in pos session, after it has been caught or killed, between the 1st day of February and the 1st day of August of each year, under a penalty of $25.00, for each offense." Hence after to-day (Thursday) the deer are under the protection of the law until the 1st day of August and oui deer hunters for the next seven months will have to turn their attention toother game. Deer are now reported to be unusually abundant in the eastern part of the parish. The law so far as re gards our swamp deer, should be changed so as to terminate the 1st of November, instead of the 1st of August. This would give adequate protection to the fawns. As the law now stands it ter minates too early. When does are killed in August, the fawns are left motherless, too young to take care of themselves. There was tint one convic tion under the statute iu our District Court last year. The law was heartily acquiesced in by our hunters who all desire to see deer protected, that they may increase in number. Mr. Editor .—Our people must un derstand by this time that planting cot ton ou a large scale, and depending upon the merchant for meat aud bread won't do. If they have not reached that conclusion, experience can never reach them anything. Immediately ifter the war the high price of the staple induced many to try to make money in its production. It was not long how ever before it began to tumble over, down from 30 to 7 cents a pound, and this notwithstanding the many visita tions of caterpillars and storms, siill we ivould not give up the idea that there was money in cotton, and cotton we would plant. The consequence has been exactly what any safe mau could have foreseen. We have become poorer and poorer uutil the merchant has well nigh '■eased to make advances of provisions, is in days gone by. This may seem to some as a hard fate. It should be con sidered only as a good lesson and we ought to profit by it. In agriculture, as iu all other callings, no one cau succeed who will not to a great extent defend himself. The man who does look around for assistance, but boldly rolls up his sleeves and goes to work determined to achieve success by his own unaided ef forts seldom fails. My fellow farmers ought to follow the same rule. Let each one make sure of raising a full supply of meat and bread at home. Let him have his own pork, his chickens, milk aud butter, corn, rice, potatoes aud a good vegetable garden and when he has made sure of all this, if he has time and room he may plant a little cotton and take the chances of selling it at nine cents a pound. The winter season could be used ad vantageously in the raising of crops that would go a great way in feeding our horses, cattle and hogs, and in suriug as good a supply of milk aud but ter as we obtain in summer. Let us cultivate the rust proof red oats, rye, rutabaga turuips, &c. Just after the corn crop is gathered in the month of October, all these things could be sown. They need no other cultivation than a thorough preparation of the soil be fore dropping the seed. They are ripe and ready to be gathered by the latter part of May, in time to plant corn, peas, sweet potatoes, rice, &c. There are fanners in this parish, who have been planting oats for nearly ten successive years, and who have never failed to make a good crop every year. They feed nothing else to their horses. What is there to prevent every farmer from trying it on a limited scale. Oats can be sown till the 1st of March aud will ripen by the latter part of May. The corn crop last year, as everybody knows, was very short. Many farmers will have none to feed to their teams by the 1st of March. They will be com pelled to use the uew corn as soou as it. is hard enough for food. The result will be that a larger supply will be re quired to meet the wants of this and next year. Plant oats and you will have them to feed until late in the winter aud thereby save the corn raised this year for next year. We must get out of the old ruts. Farmer. The Returning l $oar «t Trial. ? Messrs. Wells, Anderson, Casamave and Kenner the late Returning Board of the State charged wifli altering and forging the returns of election from ernou parish, at the election in 1876, were called for arraignment in the Su perior Criminal Court last week. They interposed a special plea in bar, hieb was overruled by Judge Whita ker. Subsequently the defendants filed a motion accompanied by their affidavit asking for a transfer of their case to the United States Circuit Court. This was argued and overruled on Friday last. Judge Cullom, one of their at torneys then moved the Court for com missions to take the testimony of wit nesses in Alabama, Illinois, etc. This wasj likewise overruled. Judge Whita kerthen announced that he would pro ceedSrith the trial on the merits, at 6 o'clock E. if., and discharged the jury until that tin?e. For what look place on the reassembling of the Court, we refer our readers to the following ex tract from the Picayune of the 38th. Last evening, when the superior Criminal Court was called to order for the trial of the Returning Board case, it was found that none of the four ac cused bad appeared is The names of Wells and his confreres were severally called, but no appearance was made. Accordingly, on motion of the Attorney General the court ordered the bonds of the accused forfeited, and capiases were issued for the arrest of the main parties—Wells, Anderson and company. The bonds originally stipu lated by the c;mrt were $5000 for each of the accused. Oscar Hunsacker and Charles Hill severally went on the bonds of Wells and Anderson for $2500 each, Jas. Lewis bailed Louis M. Kenner at $5000, and Paul Boissonier guaranteed the same sum for G. Casnave, the other member of the Returning Board, mak ing in all twenty thousand dollars. This was forfeited by the ruling of the court yesterday, owing to the failure of the accused to appear, though it has been lately hinted that these bonds would have been found worthless had the test been applied. ■ The parties were either insolvent or owned nothing taugibly seizable, and therein resides the idea that, from a money point of view, nothing material would be likely to emanate from a forfeiture of the bonds aud a failure to capture. On the issuance of the capaises the Sheriff proceeded to commission an in creased number of deputies. Visits were made to the domiciles of the four, but no account of their whereabouts was obtained. Indications finally poin ted to the Custom-House as the place of abode, and the increased vigilance at the entrances, together with othei cir cumstances, convinced the Sheriff that the quartette had sought shelter iu what is called United States territory, to wit: the Custom-House. They were evidently there, and it is known that telegrams were sent requesting either Judge Wood or Justice Bradley to re pair to New Orleans to issue out a writ of certiorari transferring the records to the Uuited States Circuit Court. No answer was received last night to these dispatches, and the accused kept within their retreats. A watch was kept up by the Sheriff and his deputies all night, but no sign of the appearance of the accused mani fested itself. Should they hold out further the Sheriff «ill to-day report to rhe court asking if he may not enter the Custom-House and there arrest the parties. Nous verrons. In execution of the capiases placed in his hands, on Saturday the 26rh Sheriff Houston proceeded to the Customhouse to arrest Wells, Anderson, Casanave and Kenner. Arriving there the Sheriff aud his deputies found a guard of U. S. marines posted in the main corridor, leading from the collector's offices, and at the head of the broad staircases of the Customhouse. Tiie collector's pri vate offices were locked and bolted and in charge of an United States Deputy Marshall. The Sheriff having explained the purpose of his visit, announced that if the doors were kept closed against the authority of the State, he would be compelled to force an entrance. At this stage of the proceedings Deputy Mar shall Wurzeburger came forward and arrested the Sheriff. He carried the Sheriff before Judge Billings, who re fused to take cognizance of the arrest, as it was not done by any process issued from his jurisdiction. He then carried the Sheriff before U. S. Commissioner W. G. Laue, where Deputy Tomlinson made an affidavit against him foi op posing and interferring with him as U, S. Marshall, aud attempting by force and violence to break open the doors of the Customhouse. Lane released the Sheriff to appear on his own recogni zance ou Monday. It was then ascer tained that the Deputy Marshall had acted on the orders of Geo. S. Lacy, U. S. District Attorney and the Collector of the Port. Finally a parley was had until the Attorney General of theUnited States could telegraphed at Washington City, aud consultatiou had with the law officers of the Government in New Orleaus. About 9 o'clock p. m., in con sideration of telegrams from the Dis trict Attorney of the Uuited States the U. S. Marshall and marines were with drawn and Houston proceeded to make the arrest. On gaining admission to the Collector's office he found only An derson, Casanave and Kenner, Wells wasgonp. Anderson and the two col ored returning boarders, were taken iuto custody and incarcerated in prison. Whither Wells has goue has not been at this date (Thursday,) ascertained. The Sheriff has made vigilant but in effectual search for him. Some think he has goue to Washington, others that he is in city and others still that he has gone to the Pinewoodsof St. Tammany. Monday morning Andersou, Casanave and Kenner were brought into Court for trial. A severance having been granted the State. Anderson's case was first called. He asked for a change of venue. This was overruled and the case proceeded with. Anderson's bond was fixed at $2000, Casanave and Kenner's at $500 each, Casanave gave bond on Monday eve ning. The trial will be one of the causes celibre of our day. The State is represented by Attorney General Ogden, Assistant Attorney General Egan and District Attorney John J. Finney. The defense by Cullom, Castellavosand Jno Ray. We will give further details in our next. " On Tuesday morning," says the N.O. Democrat of the 30th, '* the court room was again crowded, the talesmen sum moned to appear iucreasing the assem blage. Anderson came to the bar look ing slick and nice, improved since yes terday, and beside him sat his son." The organization of the jury was then proceeded with and completed late in the evening. It is composed of G. M. Bayly, jr., J. R. Daily, N. E. Bailey, E. W. HerricK, J. K. Reuaud, W. P. Con verse, Jr., R. Dumestre, Conway Boyle, Jerermiah Lincoln, Jas. Prince, L. L. Montplaisir, Richard \yehih—ten white and two colored. It being too late to proceed, Judge Whitaker adjourned court till Monday morning at JOo'clock, locking up the jury, remanding Ander son to Prison. Wednesday ' morning the testimony will be opened, and the case probably closed during the week, perhaps by Thursday. Wells is still a fugitive. We hope the old sinner may be picked up. Whatever may be the result of Anderson's trial, it seems gen erally conceded that Wells must be convicted whenever he is brought to trial. New Orleans Pacific Railroad. A bill providing for State aid to the New Orleans Pacific road was intro duced in the House of Representatives on the 24th inst., by Mr. Kelly of Winn. The aid contemplated is in the nature of a loan of ten thousand dollars ou each ten miles of completed road, se cured by first mortgage bonds of the company. Under its provisions says the New Orleaus Democrat, the State seems to be fully guaranteed against loss. We hope the bill may pass.' It will hasten the completion of this great work of internal improvement,destiued to play so graud a part in the develope mentof Louisiana, aud the restoration of commercial prosperity to New Or leaus. The road will cross Bayou Petit Prairie at Capt. Carmouehe's plantation, about nine or ten miles from Opelousas on an air line. When completed the buildiug of a branch to Opelousas, will be the next thing. If we are not mis taken, about 1870 Gen. Crose, connected with the road at that time, offered when the road was completed, to I build a bianch to Opelousas, if the parish would subscribe $57,000 in bouds of the parish, running twenty years, bearing eight per cent interest, the bouds to \«e issued aud delivered wheu the branch was completed. The matter was talked ol considerably here at the time, but the Franco Prussian war coming on, the matter of building the main line was abandoned, owing to financial derauge meuts consequent theieon. i To show our readers the progress that has been made iu this work, tflie coun try it will penetrate, the traije it will opeu up, &c. We> reproduce ffroui the New Orleans Democrat of the?25tli inst., the report of the cotton exchange com mittee, appointed to confer «with the New Orleans Pacific Railway pompuny, relative to its work expenditures, pros pect for completion and financial status, with the remarks thereon of Mr. Clarke, general manager of the Ne\| Orleaus, St. Louis aud Chicago railroad. Perry Nugent, President of the cotton ex change presided and the following re port was read by Henry G. Ilister, Esq : To the President and Directors of the New Orleaus Cottou Exchange : Gentlemen —The undersigned ap pointed a committee uuder your reso lution of the 9th inst., to confer with a committee from the New Orlefius Pacific Railway Company, as requested by the president of said compauy, respectfully submit this their report : : We met the président andi board of directors by appointment, whfcu the ad vantages of the road, to the Jeotton in terests of the city, were explained, and a full aud free exhibit made «f the pro gress of the work, the condition on winch it is being done, the|assistance already received, its present fuecessities aud prospects. The first point we will not jiuow elab orate, as no doubt each meinler of your board is already convinced <jif the de sirability of railroad connection with Texas. Already 150 miles aire graded, comprising the heaviest portion of the route, leaviug 100 miles to rei'cli Shreve port, or 115 miles Marshall, 'fexas. Of this latter 115 miles, Marshal* agrees to giade, bridge aud cross-tie? 28 miles, Oeiug the distance from Marlihall to the State line. The work is being done by Penitentiary convicts, aud, perhaps, ou more favorable terms thau i#uy similar work was ever before undertaken. The company contracts to cloths and feed the laborers, to pay the salaries of the necessary guard aud allow the coutrac tor a sum that barely suffice^ to support his familyj the balance of tile pay to be settled With first mortgage bonds on completion of the contract. Culverts have been built as the work.progressed, aud all bridges on the route^can be built at light expense on piles, exi-ept the oue crossiug the Atchafalaya. j The amounts so far subscribed are $356,900 to the capital stock=aud $96.000 to tirât mortgage bonds, together $452, 900, of which lias been collected $392, 855, leaviug a balance of $ß0j)45, of which $13,000 to $15,000 is uncollectible. The only iudebtuess, besides wlfat is due the contractor on the completion of the road, as before stated, is §15,000 bor rowed of the banks, There are, at present, 700 laborers employed ou the road, requiring an ex penditure of $13,000 or $141000 monthly, and ou a failure to meet this require ment they would necessarily be removed, in all probability, not to be again en gaged on the same favorable ternis. It is estimated to take $600,000 to grade, cross-tie and prépaie the road bed for the rails, and shoilld this sum be promptly furnished, yoifr committee is well satisfied the work can be com pleted and the tars running over it by the first of November next*. Wheuever a sufficient «tum is sub-' scribed to grpde aud cross jtie the route and build the bridges, we lire convinced the rails and rolling stock .can be had. The former by purchase u^th first mort gage bonds, aud the latter»can be pur chased or rented as may be deemed advantageous. The present and also a leading director have lnid assurances from responsible parties interested in rolling mills that the raiils would be furnished on the terms öanied, but it was hardly to be expecfed that they would enter into a \yritteb contract to such effect before the railroad company on its part could say positively it would need the rails and when. ' As some persons who would otherwise subscribe liberally rqay apprehend the project cannot be carried through and the'amount of tjieir subscriptions would be lost to them without'effecting the object intended,; we will mention that, in case a conditional subscription list of $600,000 is gotten np, a bond of indem nity will be made by respoflMble parties, guaranteeing the completion ana equip ment of the road, We believe the enterprise is entitled to the indorsement and efficient aid of the Cotton Exchange, and: that what is to be done should be dont-* promptly. In that view we recommend a general meeting called, when the Subject can be presented to the member^ by those best qualified; and further, that a committee of influential gentlemen be appointed to make personal application for sub scriptions. T- H. H unt, " IL abocisse, Cha^i Chaffe. After the report had bien read, Mr. Uarke, general managet* of-the New Orleans, St. Louis and Chicago Rail road, was introduced and>-iddreused the meetiug at some length. | He stated that he wouhf not pretend to go into the merits of this road as the means of increasing our cetton receipts. The advantage» of rail cëmmanicntion with Texas were evidently inipiJsSed upon the minds ofethe gentlenrFirbeforc him. He pTo|HH**d more particularly to go into the merits of the road itself. He had examined carefully into the esti mates made by Chief Engineer Greene, and agreed with him that the road could be built at a very low figure. Not being aware of the nature of the country through which the road ran, he could not speak knowingly of its local traffic, but he claimed that the object point to be reached was the great commercial centre of Tex s. As a pav ing investment it spoke for itself. If the trade of northern, eastern and cen tral Texas was a desideratum ; by con trolling it, through the medium of this road a sufficient guarantee of the sol vency of the enterprise would be as sured. The distances compare most favorably with other points, and; nature itself assures it to be a paying invest ment. Mr. Clarke stated that, while the cotton receipts at Galveston, .Mem phis, Charleston, Savannah anil inte rior points were more than they should be, yet he did not feel despondent of recovering a fair proportion, and he did not think tlinjt the citizens of New Or leans should; rest satisfied until they could justly [claim two-thirds of the total crop sljipped to t fii-> market for export. j At theclospof his address, Mr. Clarke, when questioned, stated that he would « illiiitriy suljsci ibe $10,000 to the com pletion of tliic road. On niotion:the following named gen tlemen werelappointed a committee of seven to report resolutions indorsing rhe report ai}'d favoring the road to an adjourned ujeetiug, to be held this af ternoon, at (3 p. m.: Messrs. Charles Chaffe, J. BJLafitte, R. M. Walmsley, Samuel Siiuiisoii, A. H. May, R. T. Buck uer and L. (J. Jurey. The meetijig then adjourned. Afitilicia! Butter. EXTENT Of MANUFACTURE AND USE— DIKKEKKxjr KINDS AND QUALITIES— AVI1AT MAKERS SAY OF IT, AND THE OPINION (|F BUTTER-DEALERS. ■« [Fronl tiie New York Tribune.] From 30,0i>0 to 100,000 pounds of caul fat aie bnjught daily from the large battoirs off this city and vicinity to be tenderers into oil, a considerable part of which, ii!. turn, is manufactured into butter. 11| is with reference to this trafic in artificial butter, or oleomar garine, thatjii law was recently passed by the legislature of this State. It is en titled "An« act for the protection of dairymen, ;md to prevent deception in the sales of butter." Whatevej; may be the merits of oleomargarine, it cannot be denied that some persofisare still somewhat squeam ish about using it, and would not in dulge half; so heartily were they to discover that the substance of which they are partaking "in the semblance of butter "Ms not the "legitimate pro duct of the dairy," aud is not "made exclusively of milk or cream," but is an article "into which the oil or fat of ani mals, not produced from milk, enters as a component part." In view rft the interest excited in the subject by the passage of the bill, some inquiries \tere made by a Tribune re porter to ascertain the exteut of the manufacture and use of oleomargarine in this vicinity, what is claimed for it by its advocates, what butter-dealers think of it, and what will be the effect of the new law. The law provides that all packages containing artificial butter shall be plainly labeled with the name, "Oleomargarine," and that all retail dealers, when selling it, shall furnish the purchaser! with a card, also marked " Oleomargarine." To ascertain the value of oleomargar-1 ine, two classes were consulted—those who made! it or the oil from which it is made, anil prominent butte'™ dealers. The estimate of these persons seemed to differ, i" It is a contemptible fraud," saitl the first dealer whuse opinion was sought, "Yon might as well make butter out of castor oil, no matter what the soft-headed professors who furnish them with" certificates say in its favor. It looks well enough for a while, but in a month the parts disintegrate and yon have nothing bu(grease. Butte?dealers won't have anything to do with it." Other dealers Were less decided in condemujiiK it, but all who were visited^ stated that they did not deal in it, and seemed te regard it as veiy important to avoid giving the impression that they had anything to do with it. Some ad mitted tluit oleomargarine bears a close resemblajice to dairy butter, and that it cau no| be distinguished from it Un less the per cent of oil is very large, and that it will pass for a fair'quality of butter, s The persons who make the oil and butter were more positive in its favor, saying: 1' It looks like butter, it is but ter; its constituents and their relative proportions, as determined by analysis, are the sjune as that of dairy butter. It is m<|de from the fat of liewly slaughteied animals, and as much care is exercised in. making a puie article as is used itji making dairy butter in the best regkilated dairy. Only prejudice preventsiit fiom being: regarded as a valuahlcjtood product." There jire two kinds of oleormagar The first may be called the origi nal and genuine; in making it the oil is adulterated witli just enough cream to allow pif its being churned, the pro portion (*f cream to .oil being about 1 to 30. The original and genuine is made in large factories operating under the Mege parent. Butter dealers claim to be able t|> distinguish this article from dairy butter quite readily, lacking, as it does, the "texture" of the latter. The second kind is that in which the oil has been largely adulterated with cream—perhaps with 50 or 60 per cent, of créa life. This kfnd is made by country dairy men, andf, it is believed, in considera ble quantities; and to detect its com position baffles the skill of any except the most experienced dealer. The man ufacture of the " original and genuine" is still quite limited, and much of it is exportedj so that the quantity in the market is really very trifling—a pro tracted search would be necessary to find any. At least, those who make it so represent, To what extent the new law will protect dairymen, good house wives aud confiding boarders remains to be seen. I he manufacturers of the "original •WR genuine " _ will probably comply faithfullyj with its provisions, since the detection jof violations is, in their case, easy. Maniy of the retail dealers will, perhaps, furnish with each puund or half pound sold a beautifully tinted card marked " Oleomargarine." But the dairyman; will doubtless continue to buy oil, adulterate it with cream, churn it into " substance in semblance of but ter, and consign it to the city labeled, not ' 0. m|,' but ' Choicest Creamery •; — The sid* door of a bar room says the Chicago Kost is like a great many peo ple's prayfer books—good only on Sun day. » School û #r«. (Harper's Bazar.) Once more by mount and meadow aide, The merry bells are ringing, Once more by vale aud river wide The school-room doors are swinging ; Forgotten books win pensive looks. And slates come forth from cover, For hand in hand to lesson-land Go little lass and lover. Vacation hours were full of Joy, Vacation skies were cheery ; Yet days which pleasant tasks employ Are neither dull nor dreary. The rvthmic beat along the street Of feet that dance in walking Give witness true that three times two Is better l'un than talking. WUAt need of bliss were ours, my friend, If we, like these, were able Our cares and discontents to spend In vanquishing a table— If we could be so light and free Amid our garnered pleasures As these who sweet the tale repeat Of ruuioweights aud measures ! Ah! children dear, our later days Have brought us wise anointing ; We see In all your sunny ways The Father's kind appointing. Your morning bell is ours as well— We go to school to Duty, Whose brow severe from year to year Wears fadeless wreaths of beauty. The Lards Prayer. Our Father By right of creation, By bountiful provision, By gracious adoption— Who art in heaven— The throne of Thy glory, The portion of Thy children, The temple of Thy angels Hallowed be Thy name By the thoughts of our hearts, By the words of our lips, By the works of our hands— Tiiy kingdom come— Of Providence to defend us, Of grace to retlne us, Of glory crown us— Thy will be done on earth as it is In heaven— Towards us without resistance, By us without compulsion, Universally without exception, Eternally without declension Give us this day our daily bread— Of necessity for our bodies. Of eternal life foi our souls— And forgive us our trespasses— Against llie commands of Thy law, Against the grace of Thy gospel— As we forgive those that trespass against us— By defaming our characters. By embezzling mir property, By abusing our person— And lead us not into temptation, but deliver as from evil— Of overwlie'ming afflictions, Of wordl.v enticements, Of 8atau's devices, % Of error's si du <'iion. Of sinful affections— For thine is the kingd.m, the power and the glory forever— Thy kingdmi overns all. Thy power si lues all. Thy glory is . ::ove all. Amen. As It is in Thy purpose, Bo it is in Th\ promises, Jjo be it in our prayers. + * noiishill be to Thy praise. Front the 1 Infrlicia " ol Ada Isaars Menken. Where is the promise of my years, Once written on my brow, Ere errors, agonies and fears Brought with them all that speaks in tears, Ere I had sunk beneath my peers— Where sleeps that promise now 1 Nought lingers to redeem those hours. Still, still to memory sweet— The flowers that bloomed in sunny bowers Are withered all, and evil towers Supreme above her sister powers Of sorrow and deceit. I look along the condemned years And see life's riven fane, Just where it fell amid the jeers Of scornful lips, whose mocking sneers. Forever hiss within mine ears, To break the sleep of pain. I can but own my life is vain, A desert void of peace— I missed the goal I sought to gain And lost the measure of the strain That lulls fames fevor in thy brain, And bids earth's tumult cease. Myself ! alas, for theme so poor, A theme but rich in fear— I stand a wreck on error's shore, A spectre not within thy door, A houseless shadow evermore, An exile lingering here t Tax Parera, Take Notice. J Bloch .1 Dubourdieu EDEstilette F J Montgomery F B Smith S B Harmon Jas H Houston 'lias S Hollier Alphonse Levy Leoiicc Sandoz Julius Meyers J P Smith H A Phillips H David Eugene Richard Lncius David Addison iJimmick c M Daly W L Truman John I Gardiner Geo H Gardiner F A Barry J L Guilbeau R Barry J W Gardiner J Chretien Andre D Meche David Meohe Jno Collins Albert Burleigh Alex Burleigh TB Dai ley W R Wilson C C 8wayze W M Johnston R M Davis OUK TORE 18 HEAVY ! COME LET US CONSULT TOGETHER. The undersigned land owners and taxpayers invite a public meeting of all citizens that have an interest in equalizing and reducing the bur den of taxation, to assemble at the Courthouse in Opelousas on the 9th of February, 1878, to take suital,le 8t!, ps in furtherance of the object ^bove expressed. „ DIED t McCARTY—°n Friday t;, l6 25thi at 7:50 p '. . «'fy A. Shauglmessy, ^ ife of ThotllH.8 &£Tf J d 31 VA'll'H A of New Ovleans. H^T remains were corn ej ed to New Orleans for interment. JUDICIAL AnVERTISBlENTS. SHERIFF'S SALE. DISTRICT COURT. PARIS'! OF8T. LANDRY, Nos. 10710 iSc 1 .'020. CELKSTINE 8IMOM ADMX. VS. ALEXIS LAGUii ET AL. By virtue of aw of fieri facias Isnued out of the hounralilt District Court, in and forthe parish of St. La "try. In theaboveentitled suit, and to nie directed, I will proceed to «ell at publie auction, to the highest bidder, at the Courthouse of said piir'sh. iu the town of Ope lousas. on 8ATU KDAY, the 16t dav of February 1878. at 11 o'clock a. m ., the following described property, to-wit : A Riiw mill with all the apparatus and engine thereto belonging attached under writ of at tachment issued in suit No. 120-20 of the District Court, entitled Celestlne Simon, aduix. r» Alexis Lague et al„ on 2d April, 1870, aud now on the plantation occupied or owned by Frerre Alexis Nezat on the east side of Bayon Tccho in said parish, C. C DUSON feb a Sheriff of the Parish of 8t. Landry. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. To the Officers and Members of HOPE HOOK AKD LADDER COMPANY At the regular meeting which Is to be held Monday February 4th, 1878, there is to be an election of officers. A punctual attendance la required. SOL. BLOCH, Feb 2 Secretary. Taken Up! An american mare mule, brown color, with saddle and harness marks, about fourteen hands high, with no visible brand. Bald mule has been taken up by the undersigned on Bayou Bœuf. The owner is requested to eome for ward prove property, pay costa and take her away. J08. M. ROBERTS, Jan. 2<-5t Oakland Sate JUitS, OPPOSITE WASHINGTON, LA. I have on hand a chole-e lot of Atchafalaya cypress lumber for sale, and am prepared to saw all orders for lumber at the lowest rate» and at short notice, On bills over 5flO feet toilage pa ht by mill. S. R. WALKER. Jan. 19-Sm JYottce to Gardeners. Owing to the fact of the country being flo oded with garden seeds which are put up for sale on commission, D. Landreth & Sons navs made a reduction on their seeds of owe hundred* per ccnt to wholesale purchasers. We are now selling Landreth's seed at a like reduction at retail 5 et«, per paper or so cts. per dozen C. MAYO, A«rt., jas-u-tt tit* Big «ort«.