Newspaper Page Text
ST. LANDRY M. D. KAVANAGH, Editor. terms for subscription. ove Doli.ak and Fiftv cents a rear, in ad vance. The vcar can be begun at any time, as fifty-two numbers of the paper make a year's subscription. AGENTS OF THE DEMOCRAT: X). P. 8ai7.au Barre's Landing Capt. 8am. Haas ° Bayou Cliieot J. J. Hicks Ville Plat« Leopold Godcliaux Big Cane Abraham Richard Churchvillo Dr. J. F. Lester Petit Prairie Henry Woodworth Washington Mentor Andrus Grand Coteau Foreman <fc Duson Plaquemine Bruleé T. U achaî& Jos Fabacher Fabacher P. O J. 1). Bernard Poupeville E. C. Roger Arnaudville P.. 8. Gay Bayou Bœuf m. J< Rosteet Lake Charles The gentlemen above named are our agents and as such requested to solicit subscriptions, m. d. k a van ag h, Editor. : OPKliOUSAS, Saturday, mai» h 9. 1878. - •• We call special attention to acts of the Legislature pubiished iu our issue of to day. Some of them are impor tant and deserve attention, especially Act No. 17. i Adrien Dartez of Vermillion parish, I charged with the murder of his own j brother, in said parish, who was ar- j rested in Texas last December, by G. B. f Shaw, sheriff of that parish and brought We understand 1 hat No. 7 has again been at work in our town, and another man left here early Wednesday morning with Iiis face in mourning. We learned from a secret source that the society was organized by Dr. Harmon, the great temperance lecturer, while on his last visit for the purpose of aiding the U. F. Î of T. Let the good work go on. here and incarcerated shortly afterwards for safe keeping, was taken home Thurs day by deputy sheriff Lyons for trialf The charge against him is certainly a horrible one. Marpi-Gras .—There was an unus ually large turn out of mardi-gras mask ers last Tuesday. Our sister town Washington was largely represented on j our street«, and everything went off well. Our devil turned out in full cos tume and seemed to enjoy himself huge ly. Why don't Washington aud Ope lousas organize a mystic krew of their own. They could do it aud afford at home the diversion which so many of their citizens annually go to New Or leans to witness. Col. Bush .—Some days ago the House of Representatives, passed a resolution allowing Col. Louis Bush, speaker of the house, extra compensation as mem ber ex-oflicio of the board of Liqui dation. The Col. declined to accept it.. This was no matter of surprise to those who know him ; especially his old army friends. He is above all things an earn est man. He is not one of that numer ous class that are eternally prating re form, but fail to practice it when the opportunity presents itself. Ile always means what he says. Louisiana has no more worthy or devoted son than Louis •Bush. He has served her faithfully, alike on the field and in the Legislature. Our greatest regret is that there are not more such as he in public life in the State. Opelousas Greatest Need .—What we want most iu Opelousas now, is a dog ordinance similar to the one in , force a few years since, when E. S. Andrus was Constable. The census we believe gives Opelousas a populatiou ot *500 souls. In the corporate limits, we ■ are satisfied there are over 500 dogs that c "OiUd be spared to the great relief too of ihe inhabitants. They render night hideous by their howling, barking aud fighting. They are an absolute nuisance and should either be gotten lid of at opce, or made to yield a rev enue to the town. The town council at its very first meeting should give this matter its attention. Let an ordinance be pi;*8 ed requiring every dog running * at large" wear a stamped collar, not I*"to cost le.* 8 Ihai) $1.00 and in default of such collar, let the Constable be au thorized to him and haul him out of towii. Tlu' rc are many valuably dogs in the corp» wation ; all such will be immediately prov ^d e< l w »th collars, and therefore protected. For every one of such dogs there are at least, five listes, enra and mongrels, not worth a dollar, all of whom could be s.'iot and hauled off. Gentlemeu of the town council give this matter your attention sind r'd us of this intolerable nu.'^anee. The dog days will soon be on ufir and one rabid cur may do more dama.ee iu an hour than the whole fraternity Is worth. Our town could be greatly beautified in a few years, if the owners of property would only plant shade trees along the side walks on which their property touches. There is no more beautiful tree than the water oak. It makes ftiaguificentshade; hears transplanting well, grows rapidly and lasts for ever, Many years ago Dr. Campbell and Dr. Littell, adjoining proprietors on Church street, planted a row of tliese trees along the whole front of their property. The cost was iusiguicant. The small sapplings have grown iuto magnificent trees, making a dense shade grateful alike to man and beast ou a hot day, greatly beautifying the street and enhancing the value of ptoperty. How much would it improve the ap pearance of our town a few years hence, were the proprietors on either side of our principal streets to plant rows of these trees adjoiniug the side walk liexi winter. They would increase tlife healthfulness of the town, enhance the value ot' property and be found a great safeguard against the conflagrations Y'hich have proved so destructive iu some rtf our country towns. In our opinion it would be a wiso policy in our town council to encourage the planting ol' trees 011 the street«. We are now »boat out of debt, and what objection conld there be to passing an ordinance, in part commuting town taxes of pro prietors, who would plant the water oak; elin, pecan or walnut along the side .walks, bordering their property. Think of it Messrs. couucilmen. * ^5 VOLUME I. OPELOUSAS, LA., SATURDAY, MARCH 9, 1878. NUMBER 8. Party Organization. This veur the people of Louisiana will members of the Legislature, Sheriffs, oue-half the Senators, members of the Police Jury, etc. These elections will be Ci,1Ied U P°° to elect a State Treasurer, , . . take ))lace uilt ie mouth of November. In our parish unfortunate ly, 'there lias been a division iu the Demo ciatic party for the last four years, which j ias g le;i tly impaired its efficiency as a p ar [y Organization, and at the last elec tion resulted in a partial defeat of the two Democratic organizations dividing the parish. That this will occur again in 1878, unless the present rent in the Democratic party is healed, and on a grander scale no one can doubt for a moment. The initiatory steps, so we have learned, have already been taken by th« Republicans, and the ouly way to obviate this is for Democrats to cease wrangling amongst themselves, come together at the proper time, nominate a ticket and elect it. Some there are who will sneer at this, but all such had bet ter reflect, that this is a two handed game ; that in the last camp aign ther were t w0 Democratic organizations St- Landry, each having its own exeeu tivc committee; each having an equal representation accorded it iu the Baton Bouge Convention ; each recognized by equally regretted the sendingof a partial the State Central Executive Committee each equally intent on electing the Stat* and Senatorial ticket, and each number ing in its ranks men who had never beeu anything in politics but bold out spoken Democrats. These two organi zations, nearly equally divided the party and the result of the election was such that neither could boast, whilst both delegation of Republicans to the L.e islature. This being the case, how ai these two factions to be brought to gether aud made one uuiteü party? I it by oue constantly iterating and re iterating false charges and accusations against the other ? Is it by keeping; up a constant war of crimination and re crimination towards each other ? Would this serve to settle differences of opiu ion between two individuals ? We think uot. Common experience teaches us it would only widen the breach and keej open, wounds which otherwise might be healed, aud after all what are parties but an aggregation of individuals? In our opinion there is but one way to close up thi$breach and that is by each side pursuing a conciliatory course towards the other; each forgivingand forgetting each remembering that neither side can be held blameless for what accurred here in 1876, when the party split ou local favorites and not on principles, for the leaders of the two factions vied wit' each other throughout the campaign in support alike of the National and State ticket aud State Senator. If this course is pursued the party can soon be liar mouized. If this is not done the party never can be uuited. We advise har mony and we intend to make an honest effort to harmonize the party and then when the time comes shall advocate with all our might the calling of a con vention to make nominations for every office to be elected by the people. In this way and this way alone can St. Lan dry make her might felt alike in the couuciis of the party, and at the polls on election day. It is time this matter were beginning to receive the earnest consideration of the leaders as well as of the rank and file of the party iu this parish. We don't want to see re-en acted again, the scenes which took place iu the last State convention at Baton Rouge By reference to another column it will be seen that the bill granting State aid to the New Orleans Pacific road has passed tlie Legislature. This insures the early completion of the road and by next Christmas the whistle of the iron horse will wake the echoes of our Atchafalaya swamps. The road will cross Bayou Petit Prai rie, at, or near Capt. Carmouches place, about nine miles from Opelousas on an air line. The intervening country is for the most part a heavy forest. It is penetrated by no large streams, and it would require but a small outlay of capital to build a branch road to this point. This would make Opoiousas a considerable shipping point, and depot for the surrounding country. This is a matter of importance not anly to Ope lousas, Jhut to all the surrounding coun try West aud South, and should begin to receive the attention of our land owners and business men generally. In the West the building of this branch would be at once undertaken and we see 110 reason to prevent our people taking steps in the matter at an early day. Instead of being out of the world as we now are, the completion of this short branch would put us in rail com munication with New Orleans, New York, St. Louis, San Francisco Chicago aud Galveston. The New Orleans Pacific Rail road . A bill has passed both houses of the general assembly, and is uow only awaiting the Governors signature to become a law, granting State aid to this road. This wo regard as the most im portant act of the present Legislature. It ensures the speedy completion of the road aud once completed we see no rea son why New Orleans should not soon become one of the greatest commercial centres of the world. New Orleans now has deep water navigation to the gulf. This alone has already quadrepled her gram trade. The completion of this road to Marshall, Texas, will again orin^ back that ixutmrnse trade diverted o t late ymvst ta Gaboon &tuifit. Louis neces ?«j% greatly benefitted by the early completion of this road. It will run through one of richest and most productive regions of our great parish and will bring nec essarily emigration and capital. The Col. and No. 7. —The Col. was in town this week, after an absence of a few months. Ou Mardi-Gras day he amused himself splendidly up to 11 o'clock at night; after this hour we saw him 110 more, lie left for parts unknown. He was black from head to heel, Iiis last words as he left was I am "going for water." Bead notice in another column of the President of Board of Police. Some Facts About Silver. [N. O. Democrat.] Few persons seems to be aware of the fact that the old silver dollar—the "dol lar of the daddies"—and the subsidiary silver coins of the United States, issued prior to April 1, 1853, were a full legal : j ,. • I, . ... , . ----- I tender tor all debts, public aud private, without any distiuction. These subsi diary coins consisted of the half-dollar, quarter-dollar, twenty-cent piece, dime and half-dime. Prior to April 1, 185JÎ, $68,679,507 of half-dollars au enormous sum of smaller silver pieces had been coined in the mintsof the United States. They are all invested to this day with unlimited legal tender power, aud the government is compelled to receive them in payment of its customs dues at their nominal value. The " dollar of the daddies "contained 412i grains of silver, aud the subsidiary coins their due proportion of this weight of silver—the naif-dollar 2064- grains, the quarter-dollar 103i, etc. But on the 1st of April, 1853, Congress, owing to the fact that, because of the increased value which silver had acquired, our subsidiary coins could not be kept in circulation, reduced the weight of these coins aud provided that they should 110 longer be a legal tender for more than live dollars in any one payaient. No change, however, was made in the old silver dollar—" our dads' legal dol lar." That coin of 412£ grains, niue tenths flue, is still a coin of the stand ard value of the United States, and was and is a dollar with unlimited legai power. But its further coinage was prohibited by the act of February 12, 1873, aud what the Bland bill aims at is the repeal of that act in so far as it de monetized that old silver dollar—" loved better than all." What Can Be Done ?—A great many persons in this country out of employ ment are in the habit of asking what they can do to make a living—how they can go into business for themselves without capital—how they cau go to farming without a farm to go on—and if they are ottered land for only the cost of entering it how they are to get it, stock it and work it without horses, wagons, implements aud a year's stock >f provisions. Probably the best way to answer these questions is to cite facts, showing what can be done by what has been done. The Southern States have produced some flue examples of indivi dual effort iu the way of making a living under very adverse circumstauces, and it will not be unprofitable to mention a few of them. The Newberry (S. C.) Herald says there are four widows in that vicinity who have each accoinlished what many a man would hardly dream of doing. One while raising four chil dren without assistance has managed to make a crop every year, keep out of debt and pay cash down for all she buys. Another has the proceeds of one cotton crop ahead and 3000 pounds of flour be sides—all the product of her own farm. Another has labored heroically on her farm ever since the war and with the assistance of her children, six in num- j ber, made a ljving and bought addition al land for which she paid $1400. An other has managed her own little farm since the war and managed it so well as to have reared several children, kept out of debt and saved some money which she loaus out at interest. Hun dreds of similar cases are to bo found in the Southern States—and in the Nor thern States, too. When an American woman lias a living to make she gen erally goes at it and succeeds. There ire no female tramps, they all belong to the other sex. He Came Back .—A story is lold of Gov. Duval, of Florida, which will never wear out. He was the son of a " poor white," in Virginia, a stern, strong taci turn man, the boy, a huge growth of fit" teen. At the cabin fire, at bed time, ac cording to the custom of putting 011 a back log, the old man said, between whiffs of his silent pipe: " Tab, go out and bring in that gum back log and put it on the fire." Tab went out and surveyed the log. He knew that it was no use explaining that it was too heavy, nor prudent for him to return without having it on his shoulder. His little sister passing, was surprised that lie requested her to bring out the gun and power-horn, as a 'pos sum or coon might have passed, or the brother might have seen bear signs. She bought the gum and Tab started. He found the way through the woods into Kentucky. This was about, 1791. After an absence of eighteen years he was elected to Congress. À man pf im mense size and strength, lie started for Washington, going by. the way of his old home, to see the folks, who had long since given him up for dead. Entering the little cabin door pear bed time, he saw the identical gum log. He shoul dered it, paüed the latch string; aud with his load stood before the old man, who sat, pipe in mouth, as quiet as usual. " Here is the gum back-log, father." " Better late than ever—put it on the fire and go to bed," was the reply. Topping Cotton .—"If a practice sometimes fails and sometimes succeeds, then we insist.that the error IS in the practice and not in the principle upon which the practice is conducted." I graut that to be true in mechanics, but I deny that the failure to do good in topping cotton is chargeable to the top per. From over twenty years' close ob servation and practice I am thoroughly convinced that the good or bad results from topping cotton are wholly depend ent upon the season after the topping is done. If the seasons after the cotton is topped are propitious for a rapid growth of tue stalk it will cause the stalk to fling out succors, and thereby sometimes prove a serions injury by shading and rotting the bottom crop of bolls. On the other hand, ebonhl the season be very hot and dry after the topping, the fruit will hold on better, and therefore be benefitted by the topping. My ex perience is that two years ont of every five the benefit derived from topping was not much more than to pay for time and labor of topping, and three out of every five was a loss instead of rofit ; hence, for the last ten years I „ave abandoned topping altogether. My experiments ware tried from the mid die of July to the latter part of August.— [Correspondent Southern Cultivator Bottled lager is recommended for a morning drink. A new kind of corked ale probably. Laws of the State of Louisiana, ♦ act An keg I 'lar session of 1878. [No. 4.] An act to amend and re-enact an approved; March 2d, 1876, entitled act" regulating the time of holding the regular terms of the District Court of the Eighth judicial District, pari!« ot Calcasieu. the State of Louisiana, in and for the P ar ' s h of Calcasieu, shall commence 011 the lust Mondays of April and October " Sec. 2. He it further enacted, etc., That Section 1 . Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representative's of the State of Louisiana, in General Assembly eon ■uened, That an act regulating the time | of holding the regular terms of the j Distrjct Court of the Eighth Judicial ! District, parish of Calcasieu, approved 1 March 2d, 1876, be amended and re enacted so as to read as follows, to-wit : " I hat the regular terms of the District Court of the Eighth Judicial District of all laws or parts of laws in conflict with this act be and they are repealed, and that this act shall take effect from and after its passage. (Signed) Loi rs Hush, Speaker of the House of Representatives (Signed) Louis A. Wiltz, Lieutenant Governor and President, of the Senate. Approved February 1st, 1878. (Signed) Francis T. Nichoi.i.s, Governor of the state of Louisiana. A true copv : Will A. Strong, Secretary of State. FNo. 17.] An act to amend and re-enact section 474 of the Revised Statutes, "and to authorize copies from the record in cases of loss or destruction of origi nals, to be substituted for such origi nais in criminal and civil proceedings in courts." Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Louisiana, in General Assembly con vened, That section four hundred and seventy-four of the Revised Statutes be amended and re-enacted so as to read as follows: " it shall be the duty of the cleiks of com t, within three days after the filing, to record in a well bound book the petition, answer and pleadings in all causes, together with any original docu ment filed with the petition, answer or other pleadings on which the suit, other demand 01 defence may be founded, and within three mouths after ffnal judgment, to record in the same book orders of court, interlocutory judgments, and final judgments rendered herein : aud in case of tlie loss, or destruction of the original ot any such pleadings, docu ments or judgments, a duly certified copy of the same from the record made as herein provided may be received in evidence in any court in this State; and if such loss or destruction shall take place during the pendency of the suit of which such pleadings, documents, etc., shall form a part, then the suit may be continued and prosecuted to final judg ment, upon the filing in the court' hav ing jurisdiction thereof, a duly certified copy of said pleadings, documents, etc., from said record so made, and incase.of the loss destruction or abstraction of the original of any filial judgment, order or decree of any court, it shall be com petent for the judge of such court upon satisfactory proof made before him in i chambers, of such loss, destruction or abstraction, to order, upon the applica tion of any party in interest, that a duly certified copy from the record of such judgment, order .or decree be substitu ted for such original, and the execution and enforcement thereof be proceeded j with as upon the original of such iud» nient, order and decree, and that it shall be the duty of clerks of court of this State within ten days after the adjourn ment of any term or session of court, at or during which any bill of indictment, information or bail bond have been filed, to record in a carefully bouud book kept for that purpose, all such bills of indictment,informations,and bail bonds, and in case of the loss, destruction or abstraction from such court of theorigi nal of any such recorded bill of indict ment. information or bail bond, it shall be the duty of the judge of such court 011 proof of such loss destruction or ab straction, to order that certified copy from such record of said original be sub stituted for the original, and that the trial and further proceedings in such cause be had as on the originals of such lost, destroyed or abstracted indictment, information or bail bond," (Signed) Louis Bitsh, Speaker of the House of Representatives (Signed) Louis A. Wiltz, Lieutenant Governoi and President of the Senate. Approved February 0th, 1878. (Signed) Francis T. Nicholls, Governor of the State of Louisiana, A true copy : / Will A. Strong, Secretary, of State. [No. 25.] A11 act to amend and re-enact section twenty-six hundred aud sixty-seven (26G7) of the Revised Statutes of 1870, and to repeal all laws or parts of laws in conflict with this act. Section J. Be it, enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the S ta te of Louisiana, in General Assembly con vened, When two or more persons, some or all of whom are minors, hold property in common, and it is the wish of any qpe of then?) qr f ot a minor repre sented by his tutor or tutrii, to effect a partition on the advice of a family meeting, duly convened according to law, to represent the minor or minors, said property may bo sold at private sale for its appraised value, said ap praisement to O(0 made and the terms of said sale to be fixed by the fainilv meeting, and said proceedings to be homologated by the Judge of "Probates of the parish in which tlie said minor resides. Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, ete„ That all laws ar parts of laws in conflict with' the provisions oi>this act bo and the same are hereby repealed, and that this act take effect from and after its pas sage. (Signed) Louis Bus 11, Speaker of the House of Representatives (Signed) Louis A. Wiltz, Lieutenant Governor and President of the Senate. Approved February 16,1878. (Signed) Francis T. Nicholls, Governor of the State of Louisiana. A true copy : Will . A. Strong, Secretary of State. [No. 26.] An act to punish the unlawful deten tion, or removal, multilation or de struction of public records, docu ments, books or writings and their non-delivery by any outgoing to any incoming officer, qr other authorized person. Section 1. Be, it enacted by the Senate mi4Home of Representatives of the State °f Louisiana, hi General Assembly con vened, That, every officer of this State and of the parishes, cities and towns ibexcot, upon the expiration o£ Iiis term, Iiis resignation of, or removal from his oflice. shall deliver up, with out delay, to his successor or to a ner son duly authorized to receive the same, all the books, records, documents and! writings appertaining to his office.! Sec. 2. Be it further enacted etc., That' every officer of this State, and of'.. parishes, cities and towns thereof, who wit hh old s or detains from his successor or other person entitled by law thereto, any of the books, records, documents or writings appertaining to his office, or shall mutilate, destroy or take away the same from the building or office 1 where they have been usually kept, shall, on conviction thereof, be im prisoned in the Penitentiary not less - - , such books, records, documents or writ-! ings, and shall refuse to deliver tlie j same to the proper authority, or who I shall wilfully mutilate, destroy, with- 1 j 1 j thau one, nor more than ten years. ! Tlie provisions of this section shall ap- i ply fo any person, or persons, who shall I nave in his or her or their possession i hold or detaiu the same, or aid in the ! mutilation, destruction or detention of , the same. j S ec . 3. Be it further enacted etc., That ' I ■ ! i j i i 1 this act shall take effect from and after its passage. (Signed) Locis Bush, Speaker of the House of Representatives (Signed) Louis A. Wiltz, Lieutenant Governor and President of the Senate. Approved February 16, 1878. (Signed) Francis f. Nicholls, Governor of the State of Louisiana. A true copy : Will . A. Stroxg, Secretary of State. cases, by preference, in the Supreme 1 [No. 30.] An act to provide for appeals in crimi nal cases; to fix the return dav of such appeals, and to limit the time within which such appeals may be granted, and to provide for the trial of such Court. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Semite and House of Representatives of the State of Louisiana, in General Assembly con vened, That iu all criminal cases, in which appeals are allowable under the constitution, the party desiring to appeal shall file his motion, either verbally or in wiiting, in open court. This motion for appeal must be tiled in the courts other than those of the First Judicial District during the term at which the sentence shall have been rendered, aud in the courts of the First Judicial Dis trict within ten days after the sentence shall have been redered. Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, etc.. That all such appeals shall be suspensive, and no bond shall be required from the appellant. Sec. 3. Beitfurther enacted, ete.. That no appeal shall be granted in such cases aftei the time herein specified shall have elapsed. Sec . 4. Be it further enacted, etc., That all such appeals shall be made returna ble to the Supreme Court within ten days after granting the order of appeal, whenever the said Court may be in ses sion on the return day, and that all such cases shall be tried and determined, bv preference ; provided that should the Supreme Court have ad journed sine die at the place of return, the clerk of the said Court shall at once forward the re cord and briefs filed with it to the place where the Supreme Court next addressed to the clerk of the said Court, and the case shall be then and there tried ; and provided further, that the Judge of the Court, whence the appeal is taken, may when necessary flx a dif ferent place for the return of the appeal when in his opinion such a change will conduce to a speedy determination of the appeal. Sec . 5. Be it further enacted, etc., That all laws and parts of laws inconsistent with this act, be and the same are hereby repealed, and that this act shall take effect from and after the first day of March, 1878. (Signed) Louis Busii, Speaker of the House of Representatives (Signed) Louis A. Wiltz, Lieutenant Governor and President of the Senate. Approved February 19, 1878. (Signed) Francis T. Nicholls, Governor of the State of Louisiana. A true copy : Will A. Strong, Secretar y of State. A lady writing to the New York Times says : " Without giving any receipts for making soap, I wish to tell all the hard worked farmers' wives how much labor they may save by fnot using such vast quantities of this article. For nearb five vears I have used it only for wash ing dishes and other kitchen purposes. My family has ranged from three to twenty-five. I have used cistern water, limestone water, as hard as possible, aud hard water composed of other in gredients besides lime. I find with all these my plan works equally well. Have your water quite hot, and add a very little milk to it. Tlijssoftens the water, gives the dishes a fine gjqss, aud pre serves the hands; it removes grease, even that from beef, and yet no grease is found floating on the water, as when soap is used. The stone vessels I al ways set 011 the stove with a little water in them when tjie victuals are taken from them j thus they are hot when I am ready to wash them, and the grease is easily removed. I find that tinware keeps bright longer when cleaned in this way than by using soap or by scour A strict Turk is obliged not only to wash his head, face, neck, ears and feet, but also his teeth at each of the five daily calls to prayer, so he very soon wears out his tooth brush, and those articles are generally sold in packets of a do^eu. They are made of olive stocks about ten inches long and half an inch in diameter. At one end for about half an inch thev are split in all directions, so as to form brush closely resembling a stenceling brush. It is easy to see that they are not calculated to endure hard wear. The less particular Turks use ordinary European tooth brashes, but as even the most lax among them look on the pig and all belonging to him as vile and un clean, they would as soon think of de fining their mouths with a Russian bris tle tooth brush as of eating a pork chop or a rasher of twoon. The shopkeeper, therefore, swears by the heads and souls of his father and mother that the hair of willen ms tooth brushes are made grew on the back of the camel, the cow or the horse. An organ grinder with his organ IH 2? rn 1 i ?S for the dead^king, presented a touching spectacle aud his silent grief was respected—until he be gan to gr ind out " Mulligau Guards." Oil has been struck in the Black Hills, r or the benefit of gentlemen who have been interviewed by the natives of that region, we hope it is hair oil. Washington has a penny restaurent, it is said that a n*an can get a pretty tair meal, 'but he must not expect to draw any very valuable prizes iu his bash. Silver aud «^old. ' /v.i- ,.,. v .... * ■ -..T. * ! I,, M,UK K 8 kkkkct TIIK 1,A!> * A Gh oktiik sii.vkk mm. „ , „ , 7 i. * 1,M,aili, l wlls -J inauguration of President Huven I have regarded the repeal of j 'y 1 -' resumption act as hopeless. Ho was ! P! et *ged to resumption •„ every vote for ! 11 was j'"'' resumption. If John Slier ! u . lilu ' :i t head of the Treasury, holds ' Potion, lie will enforce the strict 4, st and hardest execution of the law, 1. 1111 ,\V S »»derstood that any bill to re ■ ^ tu hoard greenbacks and tin , to . withhold and withdraw cir i- 1 llatl J r11 lu the tear .of'being crushed by , ■ c !. ■ emption in gokl. A fa vont and it is audi peal tlie clause will now be vetoed. 1 }'. aAe heretofore said that, in my be ' tlllî resumption law has been (he j il,u V c( - of. the greatest calamity to the ,lusllJ( ' s s interests and prosperity of the î' olultl '.v. It has had the t fleet of cans forced 1 tol ' e i" n .trade has promoted a re-1 V, to payment, acid if balances s 'iall continue in our favor, I expect to j °" 1 ' money at i»ui with at an early day. VV ill the restoration of silver money mitigate the evils of contraction caused by the resumption law? That is now the hope of the business men of Indiana. II is not as cheap nionev that the peo pie demand its restoration, but as a legal tender and coin contemplated by the constitution. When restored it will be come again a standard and measure of value. Before its demonetization silver was :il par with gold, and when res tored 1 think it will rise again to the same level. 1 need hardly say to you that the value of any class or descrip tion, ol property greatly depends upon the înipoi tant uses to which it may be applied. Silver was money. They stripped it of that its most important use, and now say it is worth 8 per con betöre, and, therefore, it can not be good money. Is that a fair ar guiueut as a material for the manufac turer of ware? Silver will have 011I3 the value which that use can give it but when stamped with the quality ol money aud made a legal tender for i ll payment of all classes of indebtednest It becomes the active agent of trad and commerce, measures value and dis charges debts, and in such use becomes correspondingly more important to so ci et y aud .more valuable. Were goh. «tripped of the quality of money, what would be the effect upon its value? 1 do not believe the pennyweight of gold in the beautiful wine-cup is as useful tc society nor as valuable as the same weight ol gold in the stamped coin, which does its busy work in channels of trade, and the demonetization of void would demonstrate that fact. I hav« heretofore sah! that silver has become 1111 important product of this country, inasmuch as the world recognizes it as a money medium of exchange, lean not see why we should not utilize our large product of that metal to the great est extent, that may be found practica ble. Its value as money to this coun try is too great to be thrown away. Should experience prove that becausi ot the increased production of silver there will be a permanent aud impor tant difference between silver and gold Congress is clothed with ample power to provide the proper and adequate remedy. It is objected to the restoration of silver money that it will be iu bad faith towards the public creditors. If 1 thought that possible I would not favor restoration, however important to oui interests I might esteem it. My judg ment, however, is so entirely satisfied that I have no anxiety upon that que« tion. The question is settled by the fair reading oft,he public credit act ot 1869, and the refunding act of 1870. Al the date of the former act it was law tuito pay the 5-20 bonds in treasury notes ; but it was contended that be cause of the circumstances attending the creation of the debt it would noi be proper so to construe tho Jaws and that payment ought not to bo made in paper. To remove doubt, and settle all controversy the act was passed It pledged the faith of the United States to payment in coin. I opposed the ineasnres in the Senate and said that its effect would be to make the law to read that the debt shall be paid in coin, The bill passed and became a law. There upon the debt became payable only in coin, not 111 gold coin alone but in silver coin as well, for the silver dollar was then a part of the coin of the country,' as it was honored in law and commerce as gold. Next came the law of July 14, i$70 to refund tho national debt. That act provided tor the issue of new bonds to the amount of $1,500,000,000j bearing 4 4 - •?»« 3 per cent interest. The bonds so to be issued were to be exchanged tor the outstanding 4-30 bonds " par for pal, 01 sold for coin, aud the proceeds were to be used iu redeeming the 5-20 bonds. In the first section of the law it was provided that the new bonds should be made '• redeemable in coin at the present standard value." That law gentlemen, had no uncertain meaning! 1 he new bonds were to he'substituted tor all outstanding 5-20 bonds. They were to be sold for were to be sold for coin, and it 'was to be made a part of their language that they >}lia.l be ■ redeemed in coin of the present standard value." My views on this subject were recent bv . ot , 8u .%ient importance by a distinguished citizen of New York to call ror a review and answer by him selt. He had unquestionably given the phraseology of the laws relating to the bonds a closer study than I had, for it was m the line ot his business and his profits. I had examined these laws with no profe8§iqçal or business purpose but only as a citizen interested iVtRian cial policy of the country. He found it usetu 1 to h s#,gu,"er,t te show, if'po£ ?Ä/1 tl,e , a . w l1nt,er w 'hich the pub ic debt was being refunded required the bond to be paid in gold. He used this language : " Yet I am supported by the opinion of illustrious lawyers iu the land that gold payments or the debt are required and assured by the refund ing act of 1870 itself, which indeed men tions generally com 11. its first section • but then its fifty section to cany Zi the act, excludes sjlvef and sneciX commands the Secretary of the Treas ury receive only gold coin as the coin of deposit and payment." I am sure it will astonish you after hearing the pas sage read, to learn that the fifth section has nothing whatever to do with the provisions and sajes of the new bond«! ÎL pr 2 Y Iw fortl I i8 . an(1 110 more—that the Secretary of the Treasury might for two years receive gold on deposit aud issue gold certificates bearing a low rate of interest, and that the deposit might be withdrawn at any time after thirty days upon ten days' notice, and 25 per cent should be retained in the Treasury to pay the certificates and the residue used to redeem the five-twenty bonds that it was criticised by this gen tleman for using the words "gold and 1 coin " as synonymous in a public sneeeh. 1 n .1 I • « ! , . ■ . j - - , public speech, yet to maintain ins argument he asked i it to be believed that coin and srold coin ! are loosely used in the same sense in dif- I toi ent sections or one of the most im portant laws of the United States. Gold certificates were to issue only upon gold deposits ; but in the second section the bonds were to sell for coin, and in the first section they were to be redeemable in coin of the present standard value. The solemn assurance given by that law to the public creditor was that the bonds issued under it should be re deemed iii gold and silver at the weight and fineness then fixed by law. Upon this subject I have no new opinion to express. In my letter accepting the St. Louis nomination for Vice President I said gold and silver are the real standards of J value, Indeed, I would rejoice if our supply of the precious metals was suf ficient for the wants of our trade and commerce, but we all know that it is insufficient, and we also have <1 paper currency, aud therefore I have opposed the policy of a forced resumption ot specie payments, based upon contrac tion, by withdrawing the Treasury notes from circulation. The Treasury note has been a safe ciin- ncy, and the peo ple have had confie ice in it, and have not asked for its " deuiption. W hilst it is a safe currency, it is also a cheap currency in the se e that it does not represent any int. est-bearing obliga tion of the goven nent. In that res pect, and in the respect that it is a legal tender, it is a better currency than the national bank note. Because of these views I have urged the repeal not 01.ly of the resumption clause, but also of the provisions that sought to substitute bank notes for the outstanding Treasury notes. No higher duty rests on the leg islators of this country than the prompt .uid final settlement ôf financial ques rions upon a right and permanent basis, From (he farm and the shop and the market place there conies the earnest ippeal for final decision, that as far as may be finance may be taken from poli tics, so that under a stable adjustment confidence and prosperity may return to every interest. A Darkey 's Discourse. My 'scourse dis mornin' will be from de fust varse of the twenty-fust chap ter of de Rebelations. Aud I saw a new heaven and a new yetli, for de fust heaven and de fust yeth was passed away, and dar was no mo' to When I think, bruddersand sisters, of de recent risin' up of the workin' men of do country ana 'inandin' livin' prices for dere labor, I feelsswell iu my bosom .le knowledge of what may come atany time, not specially mentioned in de good 100k—fori saw a new heaven and a new yeth, for the fust heaven aud the tust, yeth was passed away. De time 1111 cumin' for which we've prayed. I)e A 'hite folks' trials and tribulations have •eguu, and de new heaven and de new veili is neali. If could 'press upon de niuds of de listenin' congregashun de fact dat dar salvation and dar future pended on dar turnin' from dar ebil ways and lookin' for de Sabior, 1 would lie willin' to leab dis land befo' my time, and walk de golden streets of do New Jerusalem, whar water-melons and cat fish are nevefteeen ; but a niggah will be a niggah. When de new yeth comes ind de white folks stand whar we now ■dand, den we cau sing 'Der'll be no more sorrow dere.' We'll own de rail roads ; we'll owu de steamboats; we'll ib iu the front part of de house and de white folks in de kitchen. We'll run the banks and de postottices, whar (bress le Lord) we can get letters ebery day, iud not be pendent on postmasters dat ;in you one ebery three or four months while de white folks gets 'em ebery day ; we'll run de hotels and get de best of beefsteaks 'stead of liver and shank »ones—For I saw a new heaven and a new yeth. Things is gwine to turn round. De bottom is gwine to be top md de top is gwine to bo bottom. Bress le lamb. De great day am comin', and it only 'mains for you cullud folks to be -itaudiu' and awaitin'. Keep on yo' ar mor of faith. Gird up yo. loins with strength. Take de staff'of righteousness in vo' hand and put on de slippers of lioliuess and march up de hill of Ziou to le new Jerusalem whar, restin' in de «hade of de trees wi'i white folks keepin' le flies oft"n you, you can shout and sing forever—For 1 « - w a new heaven iud a new yetli. ] •• time 'proaehes, my hearers. We may >t all lib to see de iew yeth, but if w -iie in de faith we may see de new h- ven. I now 'peals to you sinners in di room, u hose hearts is hardened and whose neck is stiffened ro make one mo' efloit to slink« off' de I Hilden of siu befo it is to«« ; one mo'effort to put on de robes; .«!;« mo' effort to sing de new soi>^; one mo* < ff'ort to pray de new prut ; so ,l;.t when called 'pon to quit de miseries and de trials and de goodnesses of dis life yo' feet will be planted on de rock aud not Hi de 111 iah ; and glories of de new heaven rt "ill descend, like fallin' snow, and wrap you in an embrace as soft as chillun's arms— I wish to'nounce a festival for next Saturday night; and would also say dat ir some of the niggahs heab would change der clothes and not come into dis house sineilin' of de kitchen it would be mo' 'cepternate. After de hat is passed and a song sung, de congrega shelum will pass out and de elders will main lor business. For I saw a new heaven ahd a new yeth, for the de fust heaven and de fnst yeth had passed away, and dar was no mo' to see. Lightning .—A worthy-couple during a thunder-storm were discussing tho ca «??Tr? n . the coarse of nature. Who invented lightning?" inquired the lady. " Benjamin Franklin," promptly re plied the husband. At this astonishing intelligence the lady paused awhile, 11s if reflecting upon the achievements of the inventor, and finally manifested her appreciation thereof by the'exclamation, "Cussed tool, wasn t he 1 " Miss Von Hillern says she "hates awfully to have women kiss her." Sorry we can't agree with you, Bertha. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Woticc of Town Election. Tlie qualified eloctors of tlie town of Opelou sas aie hereby notified that an election of seveö members of the Boanl of Police of said town will be held at Opelousas on Mondav April 1st. 1878. the polls will Ue opened at !» o'ciock a. m., ou said dav and closed at 5 o'clock v. m .; and supervised by three commissioners of etcctors to be appointed by me, according to the amended charter of said town. „ JAMES RAY, President Board of Police town of Opelousas. mch 9—it _ JFound : December, 1877, in Bellevue, near Capt. Mont gomery's place, a large plain 18 karat gold wed ding rinif, with four initial letters and the word " Married to .Vor., 1864." The owner is re quested to call on the undersigned, prove prop erty, pay charges and get the same. CHAS. N. EALER. 1 <)u8a8 - on 8aturd JUDICIAL ADVEKI'IMK.lfENTM. MALEi PARISH COURT, i'ARTSH OF ST. LANDRY, no 1953. PETER JACOBS V8 TmTlE A. CARMOUCHE By virtue of a » t of fieri facias issued out of the honoral' > Parish Court, in and forthe pariah of St. I. dry. in the above entitled suit, and to me dire «1,1 will proceed to sell at public auction, to e highest bidder, at tho Courthouse of said pu -ish, in the town of Ope SATURDAY, the 23«! day of March. M-, the following described 1Ö/Ö, ill 11 u tllKn , propertv* to-wit: a certain engine OD the plantation an ( Ui ! . t , ,,e poatewionof a !phoncoOoaeau,on Patit Prairie. Tenn^-Canh. I(UhON< utcii sheriff of the parish of st. L uuùt £.