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ST. U1WRÎ DEMOCRAT.
M. D. KAVANAO H, Editor. terms for subscription. ONE dollar and Fift f Cents a year, in ad vance The year eau be begun at any tune, as fifty-two numbers of the paper make a year's subscription. AGENTS OF THE DEMOCRAT : D P. Saizan Barre's Landing Capt. Sum. Haas Bayou Chicot J.J. Hicks - Ville Plate Leopold Godchuu x - - - Biff Ca ne Abraham Richard Churchvilie Dr. J. F. Leal er. IVtn Prairie Heui y Wood worth WaslAgton Mentor Andrus..... .Grand wreaii Foreman & Duson Plaquemine Bruleé Andrew Henry . Mermento T C Chacliere Prud homme City Jos Pabacher Pabacher P. p J.D. Bernard Poiipevijle E. C. Roger Arnaudville M J ^ostêët V V." The gentlemen above named are our agents j and as auch requested to solicit subscriptions. M. I). KAVANAGH, Editor. OPELOUSAS. SATl'UDAY, MAB€H 16, 1878. j j The Legislature. The session oft the Legislature ex pired by limitation ou the 7th inst. The Governor on the same day issued his proclamation convening an extra ses sion for fifteen days, for purposes of leg islation, set forth and expressed in the call. He did right in calling the extra session. The Legislature had done nothing during the regular session. Of its members taken collectively, well may it be said, " They have left un done those things which they ought to have done ; and they^ have done those things which they ought not to have <lone ; and there is no health in them." • We confess we have been greatly dis appointed. When it began i f s session in January we had every reason to hope that the session would constitute an ein in the history of legislation in Louisiana. No Legislature ever assembled under fairer auspices and certain it is, noneevei had a fairer field to operate in. Ye! nothing has been done. Even "tin milage and per diem" steal still standi* unrepealed so far as the present member* •aie concerned. The many red hot re formers, who went to the capitol, in the early days of January, breathing nothing but retrenchment and reform, proved unequal to the task, even undei the scathing taunts of Gov. Warmoth. of cutting down their own compensation under the mileage and per diem steal. No sooner was it proposed to get rid of this act, than casuists began to split hairs and talk about the constitution, «► glibly as if they knew what they wen talking about. Republicans as a bod.\ were not expected to vote to repeal tlii act, because it was one of theii pel schemes to deplete, the treasury and ro' the State ; but Democrats and especially leform Democrats, were expected t< stand in solid phalanx aud vote as a unit to get rid of it, aiul expunge it from tin statute book ; but they didn't do it. They said it would be violative of arti tiele 39 of the constitution to repeal it. What uonseuse! Whilst this article of the constitution does fix the per diem of members at $8, during their atten dance, and goingand returning, and dews prohibit a Legislature from either in creasing or diminishing this compen gatioii (hiring its term of service, yet we woul'l like for one of these so called reform Democrats to show us anything in this article which eays one Legisla ture has not the night to repeal au act ■of a Legislature, which has proceeded it, especially when that act is uncon stitutional on its face, as was act No. 11 of 1873. Eight dollars a day is not too ■much compensation» for a member of the Legislature. This is what the con stitution allows him. But the act of '73 clearly violated this article «39 of the constitution ; in this that, it did increase the compensation of the members of the Legislature, who passed it indirectly, if not directly. It fixed fictitious and exagerated distances from the Court houses of the different parishes of the State to the seat of government; fixed what should be considered as a days travel, and allowing pay at the rate of 8 oenta per day, both going and coming and mileage at the rate of 40 cents per mile, and under this same act (to show how the members of the Legislature of 1 73 fudged, we will instance St,. Landry alone) the distance from Gpelonsas to New Orleans^is fixed at 400 miles. Jt is about 300 miles by the river route and 190 by the mail route. Thirty miles was fixed as a days tiavel, and $8.00 pet- day . „ , ,a.ud 40 cents a mile allowed as eotiipen- ; sation going and coming. At the rate -of 30 miles a day, it would require just | H&i days to make the trip. Four davs were limply sufficient.. During this ïong trip, which our forefathers made in lesatime in their "broad hours" and •' keel bouts" «ixty years ago, each mem ber was entitled to his $£Q0 per diem .— . compensation,, and his 40 ceuts per mile, j mileage, for each mile traveled. On ar- j riviug at New Orleans from Opelonsas | : ,, . . . , - . ! he was allowed a total of §>160 tor | mileage and #106.25 for his compensa- i This was the case fill over the ! ! tion State. The eame was alllowed them returning home. The distance fixed in many cases was about twice oir three times what it really was and this at $8.00 per day, count ing 30 miles ai* a days travel, with the enormous mileage of 40 cents per mile was what was deplitiug the treasury. It was not to abrogate article 39 that the people clamored, but to have the in iquitous act of '72 repealed. Yet wlieu impelled by a sense of decency aud a pro per regard for truth aud economy an attempt was made to repeal this " odious and unconstitutional act, this unmiti gated and outrageous steal " our modern reformers were not found equal to the ta«k, though ever so ready and willing to cut down tlte salaries of constiCutional officers.. This may be considered a sample of the reform Legislation of the session. The taxpayers asked for bread and they received a stone. We say give us bien nial, eren quad reu nial sessions of the Legislature hereafter. If we have to pay two hundred and fifty or three hun dred thousand dollars per session of our Legislature, to have f!re cotapanies in corporated, municipal charters amended &UÙ « little Quartistio " tinkering " done I ' » * VOLUME 1. OPELOUSAS, LA.. SATURDAY, MARCH 16, 1878. NILMIiER 9. on our Civil Code and Code of Practice then we for one sav, pat the sessions as far apart and have as few of them as possible. The proclamation of the Gov ernor, it strikes up has something of the sarcastic in it. He evidently has been ^ disappointed, because when lu preached reform he meant it. However it is to be hoped, for th< sake of common decency, that having had their special attention called to what they are wanted to do, our Legis lators will £o to work and co-operate with the executive. They have had a sixty days frolic, and it is about high time to get to doing something. We call attention of our readers to the two articles headed " Robbery in South Carolina" and "The revelation of Mosses." They will give an idea of the manner in which the machinery of government was used by the carpet bagger, to steal from the tax payers, du ring their domination in the South. And yet the pious folks of the North turned up the whites of their eyes aud cried " bloody shirt," persecution, &e ; when to save the last remnant of their prop erty Southern men voted to rid them selves of such pirates. Such rascality and thievery as these carpet baggers, were guilty of in the "Palmetto State," deserved no less iimiislimentthan death and that it would have 1 ten meted out to every mothers , ()! i of .them, had it not been for the inotecting arm of the Federal govern ment can not be doubted for an instant. Should it ever be again attempted in any Southern State we look for a con siderable rise in the price of hemp. Phillips has discovered some new ideas. They lie in the way of a stiil further reduction of the prices of goods He sells goods now, not " still lower,'" or "lower than ever," but "at prices unheard of." Hai d times, or " the con tinued dullness of trade," have caused him to make the discovery of this new i(lea—" prices unheard of." We advise everybody to call on Phillips, and learn his "unheard of " prices. Phillips will '»e certain to accommodate and to pleas« von. We learn from a reliable source, that Hlias. Morgan has commenced opera tions on his road, this side ot BurwickV Bay. It will be remembered that In obtained a charter from the Legislatur« two years ago to build a railroad t< Texas from Burwick's Bay via Wash ington—the road diverjringatthatpgint. one track going through North Louis iana and Arkansas, and the other run ning in a Westerly direction to the Sabine river. From appearances, St. Landry will eventually be covered with a uetwork of railroads.' Our many townsmauand parishioners, who went down to see Rex, mardi-gra> day, have nearly ajl returned home. It was the first trip of some of the boys, and as a matter of course they think the Cresenff city a considerable burg. By resolution passed at a call meeting of Hore Hook and Ladder Company, held on the 14th inst., the company will meet in full uniform on Sunday evening at 3 o'clock p. m ., at the Truck House. We again say to our town council, give us a "dog ordinance" that will relieve ns of our present deluge of fistes, curs and mongrels. Rev. E. Cater will preach in Belle vue next Sabbath at 11 o'clock a. m., and at the Masonic Hall in this place at 3* o'clock p. m . The Opelonsas Courier wants to know what we think about the coming elec tion for State senator from this sena torial district. We think, as every genuine democrat thinks, that the ques tion of who shall s iceeed senator Robert son should he decided by a demociatic district convention. No one bnt a " con servative," or a "democratic conserva tive," or son}«* other equally unreliable ' undefinable politician, dareB to deny an the right.of the democracy of the entire «lintrict, in convention assembled to »e lect their candidate for State senator.— [Lake Charles Echo. The Leqiçii, [From the London Lancet.) Few people know the value of lemon juice. A piece of lemon bound upon a corn will cure it in a few days; it should j t»© renewed night and iuorning. A free j use of lemon juice and sugar will al | w ays relieve a cough. Most people feel ! poorly in the spring, and so take medi | ejue for relief ; but if they would eat a i lemon before breakfast every day for a ! week—with or without sugar, as they ! like—they would flrrfj it better than medicine. Lemon-juice, used accord ii}g to this recipe, will cure consump tion, even after the doctors have given it tip as not to be benefited: Put a dozen lemons into cold water, and slow ly bring to a boil; boil slowly until the lemons are soft, but not too soft ; then squeeze until all the juice is extracted; add sugar to your taste, aud drink. In this way use one dozen lemons a day. I If they cause pain or loosen the bowels ' too much, lessen the quantity, and use only five or six a day until you are bet ter, and then begin* with a dozen a day. After using five or six dozen the patient will begin to gain flesh and enjoy food. Hold on to the lemons, and still use them several weeks more. Another use of lemons is for a refreshing Urink in summer, or in sicklies» at any lime. Prepare as directed above, and add water and sugar. But, in order to have this keep well, after boiling the lemons squeeze them and strain carefully ; then to every half pint of juice add one pound of loaf or crushed sugar, boil and stir a few minutes more until the sugar is dissolved ; skim carefully and bottle. You will get more juice from the lemons by boiling them, and the preparation keeps better.—[Loudon Lancet. W aslnngton lins a penny restaurertt. It is said that a man can get a pretty fair meal, but he must not expect to draw any very valuable prizes his * Some of the Causes which Led to an Extra Session. [From the N. O. Times, March 9tli.j There was considerable talk among members of the legislature yesterday, before the extra session convened, con cerning the causes which brought aboiii j I luit state of affairs which made au ex- j tra session necessary. Oi course there j were different causes assigned, but it is j safe to say that the prevailing opinion seemed tobe that the House had delayed action upon the most important meas ui es tintit-the last days of the session, aud when these measures were finally passed and sent to the Senate it was too late for the Senate to give them proper . consideration. During the whole session the Senate has almost daily cleared its calendar, aud that ftio, without lengthy or even iug sessions. The revenu«', appropria tion, Moffett register aud apportionment bills, which ought to have been among the very first bills acted on by tlte House, were not acted upon until the session had almost expired. The time of the House was takeu up with talk upon matters of only minor importance, wiçli the exception, perhaps, of the con stitutional amendments and the mileage and per diem bill. The real truth is that the dominant party was without organization and too many of the members wanted to talk rather than settle down to work. Ap parently more than half of the Demo cratic members thought that they ought to lead their pafty, and when they found that they couldn't they were un willing to tall into the ranks aud fol low the lead of somebody else. It has beeil said, aud perhaps truthfully, that there was uo^a. single agreement made in caucus—anil there were very few caucuses—that was strictly kept on the door of the House. The dominant party did not work lia t - niouioiMly and unitedly together. Theit .vas a lack of sympathy between tin • lie members growing out of the tact, pet liaps, that a portion of them wer« iiixious tor a constitutional convention, I nil regarded it as a party necessity, .vhile another, and by far the largest portion, wished to remedy the evils in he present constitution by amendments .uni save the excitement and expense of ,i convention. The consequence was that there was no disposition to take itold of the work of legislation syste matically and earnestly. They drifted along in an aimless un certain way that indicated from the oeginuiug what the final result would oe. They now see, and do not hesitate to acknowledge it, that they ought to have tiada thorough organization, with chosen •eaders, upon all important questions, «nil that, before acting upon the flooi «•f the House, a thorough understanding should have been arrived at in caucus, it cannot be said that the Republicans retarded legislation. It is true thei were well organized and well led, but they did not, as a party, attempt to ninder or retard any bill except that providing for the re-apportionment ot (lie State. This was a party treasure, and of course it was expected they would oppose it. Only one day, however, was consumed upon it. Upon all other matters of legislation they rather sought to hasten than im pede action, aud from the first were op posed to an extra session, uot so much perhaps from economical motives a» for fhe reason that they believed that the longer the legislature remained in ses sion the greater was the danger that there might be legislation harmful t>. their party. But while the House is in a great lucasijie responsible for the extra ses sion, it is perhaps but just to say t hat it could have been avoided had the Senate chosen to act promptly on the general appropriation bill. If this bill had been passed the gov ernor would not have issued his pro clamation, since it is reported that he was very strongly opposed to calling the extra session, and only did it because fhe wheels of government would have been blocked without the passage of the appropriation bill. The Senate had sufficient time to consider this bill if it had been so disposed. If reports are correct however, there were two ele ments at work to prevent its passage so as to force an extra session. These ele ments were those who are favoring a constitutional convention, and those who deem the apportionment bill a party uecessity. Without an extra session there was no hope for either of these measures. With an extra session one of them at least might be successful. It seems that the «lominant party in the Senate kept very quiet their intentiou and it was known to all of the Democrats of the House and, perhaps flot to the governor, what the Senate intended to do until it re fused to take up the appropriation bill. This was as late as nine o'clock in the evening of the last night of the session. There is no doubt but that a majority of the Democratic members of th&House were opposed to an extra session. While every member regards the regular session as almost a barren one, yet the members feel that they have ilone in committees and in other ways a large amount of work. It is a fact that they have been very regular in their attendance in the sessions, and have looked after their committee duties con scientiously. Thö F.XTUA SESSION will be devoted first to those measures mentioned by the governor. They will on all occasions be given preference. The seseion, if continued the entire fif teen days, will cost about $25,ÖQQ. It is hoped, however, that the session will be concluded in less time,,but the chances are against it. • a a is An Eastern editor says a man in New York got himself into t'ouble by marry ing two wives. A Northern editor îe plies by saying he knew a number of meu who had got into trouble by marry ing one. A Southern editor retorts by saying he knows of some who got into trouble by merely promising to marry without going any further. A Western editor clones up the list by sayingThat a friend of his got into trouble enough by being fouud with another man s wife. A Pittsburgh editor has been found guilty of libel and sentenced to pay a fine of one thousaud dollars and be im prisoned for one year; and thus the grim question of how he was to get through the win ter is solved. Sparrows and editors are watched over. Mr. Beecher, in answer to what has lieeome of the devil now that hell has been abolished, politely ijitiniates that possibly a letter may reach him at Chi cago. But some people persist in send ing to Brooklyn. Shack Nasty Jim, according to last advices fftnn the Modocs, has turued farmer, and can sit around the stove, talk oxen, and read an agricultural ex change for three hours on a stretch as successfully as auy Wisconsin granger «ver did. The Meiv Orleans Pacific Rail way. j j j j [From the N. O. Democrat, March 9tli.] The bill to aid the New Orleans Paci fic Railway passed both Houses of the General Assembly some days ago ; it is now before the Governor, aud he will probably sign it or veto it to-day or Monday. We will not presume to dis cuss the constitutionality of this bill with Gov. Nieholls. He is himself one of the first constitutional lawyers in the State, and will determine that question himself, or with the aid of other emi nent legal gentlemen amongst us. There are, however, mauy facts and figures, and many questions outside of the law to be considered in determining the merits of this important act, which, in the multiplicity of affairs and press of public business, the Governor may not have found time to fully examine. Some of these we propose to present to his attention and to that of the people at large. If, as"we have previously stated, this bill proposed to add, even tempoiarily, to the burden of taxation, we should op pose it. But it is clear to our mind that it will not do so. Indeed, it seems, to us that, it is bound.to largely increase the assessable value of the property of the city and State, and to so greatly increase our trade that it will render the weight of taxation much more endurable. The road will extend from New Or leans to Shreveport, through the whole length of Western Louisiana, compris ing a large area of the richest land in the Southwest. These lands are uow, except in favored localities, unsaleable for anything like the p;i« es far inferior lands are worth on the line of any rail road we know of. A eaieful and ac curate estimate of the area ot the lands wnirii He adjacent to the route of the Xew Orleans Pacific shows tiie number >i acres to be four millions, varying in ijtialily from the richest alluvial to ex cellent uplands. It is estimated that the completion of the road will enhance I he value of these lands iive dollars per acre, increasing the value of the whole area, twenty millions of dollars. We l egaid this as a low estimate. The con struction of the Jackson road increased the value of the wretchedly poor lands through which it passed from twenty iive cents and fifty cents per acre to five dollars and eight dollars. But the es timate has been made by cautious aud well-informed gentlemen, and we ac cept it. The influence of the road upon the property of tfie city w ill be even greater than upon that of the rural districts. Its construction, at the lowest calcula tion, will increase the value of city prop erty tweut.v millions of dollars. The road itself, at a knv estimate, will be worth five millions. Those who have opposed it claim that its- value would be from eight to ten millions. It. asks and will receive no exemption from taxation, and will be assessed at cer tainly not less than five millions of dollars. Now, let us see from these estimates what effect the road, if constructed, will have upon the taxable, property of the State, and, consequently, upon its rev enues : Increased valu.' 4,000.000 acres land, per Here, $20.000.000, taxed at 1 per.cent..§200,000 Increased value ot eitv property^$20,000, 000, taxed i per cent 200,000 Value of the railroad stock, etc.. $.">,000.000 taxed at 1 percent GO,000 Total increase of revenue from increase of value of property $450,000 Thus the city and State would derive a direct revenue of at least $450,000 per auiium from the completion of this road, which it is asked to aid without incur ring any risk. In addition to this, the people of this city would, iu the item of meat alone, be relieved of a btirthen some indirect tux, The cost ot trans portation of cattle from Texas would be greatly reduced by its construction— reduced, iu fact, at least one cent per pouud ; and as about 80,000 pounds of beef are sold per day in the city, the people would be relieved of an indirect tax ou that article of at least §393,000 per annum. If our estimates are correct, aud we believe they are entirely too low, fr the construction of the New Orleans Pacific Railroad »ill increase the revenues of the State $'450,000 and relieve the peo ple of the city of an indirect tax of $292, 000, thus beiug worth to the pockets of the people per annum $742,000. In this estimate we say nothing of the reduction in the cost of the transpor tation of cotton, sugar, iaoJas§es 8 graiu ami all the vastmerchandise w hich will pass over the road ; nothing of the in crease of our trade; nothing of the in crease of property through the growth of the city,andot the rural lands through new buildings and improvements. There may be widely varying opinions about these. We give only facts and figures which impress us as indisputable and as ob vious to every man who will examine the question, j In another column we print a com munication from Mr. Archibald Mit chell, attacking the bill we are discuss ing. Mr. Mitchell, however, has fallen into some grave errors, The views of the distinguished economists from whom he quotes are entirely correct. But they do not apply to such roads as the New Orleans Pacific, Those gentle met) were protesting against the rail road mania which swept over England and subsequently over the West, prompting the construction of multi tudes of roads in every direction with out regard to the resources of the conn tries they traversed or the tendency of the currents of tnide. Such roads are a positive burthen and curse to any country ; the capital invested in them is absolutely lost to the community, aud they would certainly teud to im poverish any country. But Mr. Mitchell is entirely ip error when he classes this road in their category. The New Or leans Pacific, as we have previously shown, runs through a rich and produc tive region, which only needs facilities for reaching markets to become more valuable, and into a trade of incalcu lable value, the natural tendency «if which is to New Orleans, but which the enterprise of St. Louis has seduced and the lethargy of New Orleans has driven away from us. Mr. Mitchell says: I believe that it is not claimed for this road by its advocates that it will yield a remunerative interest to the stockholders, but that, notwithstand ing, it will be an immense advantage to the community by its collateral and indi- i rect influence in promoting business. Our friend is absolutely wroug. The advocates of this road claim for it that it will be one of the most profitable roads in the Union. Mr. James C. Clark, Vice President of the Illinois Central, one of the most sagacious railro: d men in the West, stated a few days ago that he and nine other gentlemen would lease fhe road on its completion for twenty-five years aud pay the stock holders two thousand dollars per mile per annum for it. The calculation of every gentleman connected with the toad and of every one who advocates it; so far as we know, ia that it will be uu extrauely profitable roa4. j Mr. Mitchell is also mistaken in as | suming that the road will not pay, and that the money invested in it will be a ' j dead investment of capital, because i j private funds are not advanced to con struct if. Capital has not the boldness' and sagacity our frieud would at tri ! bute* to it. Manv great enterprises I j which have been made successful bv government aid would have been dis istrous failures if they had depended _ ( scribed to the enterprise. The dilfi- i culty is that the financial policy of the ! national government has contracted I the currency, alarmed capital and forced every great enterprise to fail or upon the sagacity aud courage of private capital. And yet, if there is anything in this argument of our friend, lie ought to be lieve in the road, for probably very nearly all the capital which could be spared from trade here has been sub j j I j ! j ! j j I ! sary to repeat what we have said be- j l'ore, that large and wealthy firms have ; guaranteed to furnish all the steel rails, j locomotives, and rolling stock necessary ! to finish aud equip the line so soon stand on its er« dit. Our people have no money to pub scribe; but our State can, without anv risk, establish the credit of the New Orleans Pacific Railroad and euahl«; it to accomplish what, under a better financial policy, there would be private capital to carrv out. To show that tlu> road is one which inspires capitalists with perfect confidence, it is only neees it is graded and crosstied. If the Governor can conscientiously sign this bill, this can be done and the road be completed in less than twelve mouths. _ ! The Extra Sesssion. [New Orleans Democrat.] The proclamation of the Governor con vening the Legislature in extra session will not be received at first by the peo pie with favor, but we believe the Ex ecutive has acted with great wisdom iu taking this step. • The sixty days of the regular session expired at 12 o'clock last night, with little of the needed legislation accom plished. ludeed, were the Legislature to dissolve now the gravestconsequences would befall the State and the Demo cratic party. We should be left with none of that real reform legislation which the public interests so much de mand, and this would be, cousideriug the situation, a great calamity to tIn state. For the meagre results of so many professions and so many pledges ; for the disappointment of so many hopes, aud the almost absolute failure oi so long and heroic a struggle on the part ol the people, the Democratic party would be held lesponsible ; this would be a heavier load than we could well carry, and if required to shoulder it we might well anticipate a great and dan gerous disaffection in our ranks in the appioachiug canvass. We are gratified, therefore, at the action of the Governor in calling an ex tra session. It we really believed that the Democrats in the Legislatuie were responsible for the failure of the regu lar session, we should think it better and wiser to permit the body toadjouru i aud return home without further ex | pense to the State. But it is not true j that tue whole or the greater part of the responsibility rests upon the Demo crats. There has been unfortunately a woful lack of unanimity and aggres ! siv'eness amongst them. But the Radi cals have been chieiiy instrumental in thwarting the work of the session. The House of Representatives is very nearly evenly divided, and the liadicals, under the astute leadership of Warmoth, reinforced by a few lottery members, have used their large power to defeat every wise aud proper measure. The single purpose of Warmoth, one of the iiKJst consummate tricksters iu South ern politics, iias beeu to bring a Legis lature containing a majority of Demo crats into ridicule and odium, by thwart ing the majority iu attempting to carry out every pledge yf reform they have made. There is abler and better lead ership among the Democratic members, but their want of unity and experience has cou tribu ted largely to »'^süccessot Warmoth'sshrewd but dishonest scheme. The past sixty days, we believe, with their atteudant failures and humilia tions, have inspired the real Democrats in both houses with a determined pur pose to enact some* beneficial measures and also teuded to unite and consolidate their power. If, therefore, the proper measures for consideration are taken hold of, we are hopetiii that the extra session will adjouru amidst the plaudits of the people, iustead of the reproaches which were heaped upyu the closing days of the regular session. if our Democratic friends will not deem ns impertinent, we would suggest that a strict caucus be organized; that the most important bills he discussed MJ U1WWE „„ uont . M , tiiere; that the most skillful parliamen « ^ •_ I. . j i „ tarians be put in the lead, and that, when they meet in session, every mail abide by the decision of the caucus and force the relorm bills to au issue by the most vigorous and summary proceed ings. The dilatory tactics of the Re publicans should not be permitted to interfere with the groat work which ought to be done in the next few days; the tricks of Warmoth should not be permitted/to thwart the measures re quired for the relief of this long-suffer ing State. Let the speeches on the Democratic side be made and the dif ferences of opinion among the refor mers healed iu the caucus, aud the vot ing promptly done in session. The Democratic members must bearin mind that the fate of the Democratic party in the next canvass and from their stand point, the good of Louisiana, depend on the record they may make in the next fifteen days. The falure and humilia tion of the last sixty days must be re deemed by vigilant, brilliant and thor oughly reform legislation iu the extra session. Warmoth fully realizes this tact, and he will move heaven and earth to defeat or delay every reform meas ure that comes up ; and lie has a follow ing sufficient to accomplish his end, un less the strictest discipline is observed iu the Democratic ranks. Had the Leg islature adjourned last night he and the other Radicid chiefs, iu fact eyery man who wishes harm to the Democratic party, would have been greatly rejoiced. The extra session is their defeat. Let the Democrats see to it that they do not convert that defeat into another aud to thery more glorious victory "What's the difference," asked the teacher in arthimetic, " between one yard and two yards?" "A fence!" said Tommy Beales. Then Tommy sat on the ruler fourteen times. L ive asîd L earn .—Vigor's daughter : "And why did Aaron make a goldeu calf?" Sharp child of three and a half : " Please, Miss, because he hidn't enough gold to make a cow."—[Judy, " When tempted to anger," says a writer, breathe a prayer." Jes' so. When you happen to stub your toe, for in stance, murmur, " Now I lame me. Blcckade of the Hiver. Calcacieu « , ... . , L, 1 '"j? " lf ' tte1 ' appears in another part of ,ca . vull( *» a™" whether_or not the joverntneiit of t.ie L ni ted States has a ! ï " oe 't** the navgable streams [New Orli iiiiS Picayune.i correspondent at Lake Charles, of the State of Louisiana. Our corres pondent informs us that the Calcasieu Hiver is blockaded by agents of the United States, by meansof an iron boom thrown across the stream. We do not understand that the Government of the I nited States, or its agents, have any such right. Even in the. case of navi t<>rs H !'î vin ~ , two "" ^ t;itl ' s ' l'"* h !' ll( ; e subjected to the !. "I'd adnnralty junsdictron maritime am the Federal Courts, the light of block ade by the Government would be very questionable. It certainly could not be exercised unless by authority of some special statute. But in the case of the Calcasieu River all the elements of jur isdiction and power are wanting. That stream lies wholly within the limits ot tlie State, and the Federal Courts have no jurisdiction over it beyond the tide water limit. Moreover none of these arbitrary proceedings have been taken !•' l ,,n '' sl V' 1K ' ( ' °t •'"!>' admiralty or mari J'. 1 la, t ' "J vvi-it« at * hey ai e the act of umuthorized I |( * ,sm ! s pretending to proceed under in struct ions from the Secretary of the In terior, who has no authority for this conduct in any statute of the United States. The United States appears a. plaintiff in these eases with exactly tlie status of ii private citizen seeking to re cover property alleged to have been stolen by him. The suitsare brought in the United States Court and the court acts according to the processes, and de cides according to the principles of the law ot the State. If the private ownei of cet tain logs, alleged to have been tolen from him, were I" £<> into court ; tn ,t , out a writ ot séquestration, as the United States has done, authorizing the seizure of the property, he would be very far from having the light' to close the navigation of a river, and thus put a stop to ingress to and egress from the stream on thnjhcory that if he let anybody's logs oui, Iiis own might es cape. The United States has no mort right to do this than a private citizen has. The Government, in these cases, is simply the plaintiff in a suit at law with certain citizens of Louisiana, and, in that capacity, can have no legal rights other than those which a private citizen enjoy. The proceedings taken by Mr, Schurz are utterly without warrant of law, bu il persisted in, it is hard to see how they can be resisted. It is possible that some judicial process, invoked by in terested persons, might compel the un authorized blockaders to remove the obstacles which they have placed in the Calcasieu River, but tiie State, we pre sume has no power to intervene. Biennial sessions of the Legislature have become extremely popular, a large majority of the State "Legislatures now meeting only every other year. The idea was inaugurated iu the West, we believe, and was sjion adopted by a number of Southern and Western States, which lotuid this one of the safest and surest ways of economizing. New England, and the East generally, held out against the new system for some time, Vermont alone excepted. The experience of Western aud South ern States have show n so emphatically the advantages of biennial sessions that there is every probability of theii becoming universal in this country in a few short years. Missouri, which adop ted this sjgjteui three years ago, finds that it saves the State directly $275,000 a year, and how much more indirectly it is hard to say. A special commission appointed by the last Connecticut Legislature to ex amine and report, upon the subject ot public expenditures in the State with a view to retrenchment aud a more cctuioiuical administration of State affairs, recoin mends, among other things, the adoption of a constitutional amend ment providing for biennial instead of annua! sessions ijf the Legislatuie ot that State, Twenty four States have already adopted biennial; legislative sessions: Arkausas,California, Deleware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Mississippi, Mis souri, Nebraska, Nevada, North Caro lina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Ten nessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia aud West Virginia, most of which have adopted this system within a very few years. It is probable that Louisiana and Connecticut will soon be added to the list. The New lork papers suggest this plan tor New York as well, aud a move ment will be made in that State to the inatfer.before the Legislature at once.— a. ( ). ! iciinn -mr Accommodating Journalism. j,— The Philadelphia Presbyterian reflects the experience of mauy journalists in the following: '"Good uaturod editing,' says some wise man, 'spoils half the papers in the Uuited States.' Yea, verily. ' Will you please publish the poetry I send,' says one; 'it is my first effort;' and some crude lines go in to encourage budding genius. 'Our church is in great peril, says another; ' will you publish our ap peal V and a long dolorous plea is in serted. ' My father took your paper for twenty years,' writes another; ' 1 tliiuk you should publish the resolutions passed by the session of the Big Brake Church when lit; died ;' aud in go reso lutions of no interest to a majority of the readeis. ' Kaiu particularly anxious that the views çhat I present should go bel'ore tiie chujeh tliig week, 5 and out go a covey of sijtall, pithy contributions, to make room tpr three columns from a ponderous D. It*. 'There is an imme diate necessity jor the exposure of one, who is a bitte!' enemy of the truth,' writes another^ as he sends an attack upon an antagonist which will dll an entire page. ' I am about to publish a book, ldentlfyiiig the Great Image of brass, iron an« clay, aud I would be obliged to y oui to publish the advance sheets of the fifth chapter, which I here with inclose to you,' 'Why do you not. publish in full H 's great speech in the General Assembly? it would in crease your circulation largely," 5 If you will publjjh the sermon I transmit to^ you, I will take eight extra copies.' 'The church must be aroused on the subject of foreign missions,' says a pas tor, as he forwards the half of his last Sabbath's se|mon, And the ladies bless their jsweet smiles aud sweet voices—the good-natnred editor sur renders to tfeem at once, and they go away happy*» utterly unconscious that they have helped to spoil the paper. As the deX falls noiselessly upon the just am} th» unjust; as the present passes sileinh' in the past; and as the perfume of U kimlly act rises heaven ward unseen}; so the hired girl slips out the back way of nights with a little tea and sugar for her next of kin. King Alfonso spends honrs aDd hours talhintr with his bride by telephone. A ! rear from this date he will probably j liire a lightning-rod man to run hia I machine while he loafs at the club, and I she will have her chamber maid instruc ! ted to keep the thing going while she i reads Daudet's novels. ; A clergyman was preparing his sermon ! for Sunday, stopping occasionally to re | view what lie had written and to lerasö . that which he was disposed to disap ! prove, when he was accosted by his lit j tie son : " Father, does God tell you what to preach ?" "Certainly, my child," " Then what makes you stratch it out f" i you Proceeding« of Ihe Police Jury. Oi'Iclol'sas , March llth, 1878. ! The Police Jury inet pursuant to adjourn ! ment. Present: R. H. Littel!, President; A. Guidrv, I). P. Saizan, G. T. Hnwkins, E. Da I buisson, H. J. GniUory, 8. Haas, P. Savoy and I>. E. Clark. I The minutes of the last meeting were read and npproved ! To tiie Hon. Police, Jury of the Parish of Ht. Landry : „ , j We the undersigned members oi the commit I tee do hereby petition tu your Hon. body to allow us to réconimend the following change I in our report of Dec. 7th, 1877, towit: Instead I of the road running between the lands of the j Heirs of Pierre Richard aud S. N McSpadden, I to go straight out to S. N. McSpadden's east [ line to the south-east corner of the pasture fence, thence turn west straight along his fence . to the lauds of the Heirs of Pierre. Richard. >S. ; N. McSpadden obligates himself to put the j above changed portion of the road iu good I condition. Respectfully submitted, Lucius David, H. L. Daigle, Eugene Richard, V. 8. Rourque, Committee. On motion of Mr. Clark, Resolved, that tho above amended report be received and the re commendatiou adopted. t o the Honorable President and members of the Police Jury of the parish of St Landry : The undersigned citizens «>f Belairs Cove and vicinity, respect!ully pniy that the following change be made in the y. .Hie. road leading from aid Cove to Ville Plab -wit: Starting f oui ihe point between Jen Dardean's ; let the roa ning between said .lea. until it reach« s Ihe <aid Jeanisse and fr southern line of said .. he dividing line betw 'liapiuan, until it inter« four petitioners would represent that said •'hange will great fa« .litate your petitioners uid the traveling public, as the prestuit road is inpracticalile. owing to two ponds through »vhich it passes, the same beim; so located that iliev cannot be drained, ihe uiulersigned pe .itn'me.rs pray that the following petition be duly considered aud receive the sanction of vour honorable body. Signed by 45 citizens, On motion of Mr. Guillory, Resolved, that the ibove petition bo granted. On motion of Mr. Guidry, Resolved, that Gar uett Hawkins bo and is hereby elect«;d as a leueticiary cadet to the Louisiana State I'ui ■ eisity and Agricultural and Meeliauical Col lege. an ordinance To assess and levy the amount of taxes to bo collected lor the services aud expenses of the current year, and to make appropriation for that purpose, I!e it ordained, that the sum of thirty-one thousand six hundred dollars, be and the same is hereby assessed and levied as the amount of taxes to' be collected for the services of current year, 1878, aud that the said sum be appropriated as follows, to-wit : Pay of otticers and members police jxry.. .$4000 sheriffs and clerks salary looo Contingent expenses 1500 Magistrates fees in criminal cases 2000 Constables " " " " 2000 District Attorneys fties for convictions 500 Sheriff fees in criminal cases 2500 sheriffs per diem 700 Pay of grand and petit jurors 2000 " " witnesses in district court 2000 Interna! improvements 2. 5000 Maintainauce of parish Jail 2500 " " indigents 500 Existing debt 3000 Pay of assessor 1000 Commission of tax collector 1400 On motion of Mr. Haas, Resolved, that all delinquent taxe« be receivable in warrants to the 1st of August, 1878, and after that date only >0 per cent will be receivab e in warrants. Voting aye : Messrs. Haas, Dubuisson and Guidry. Votiug nay: Messrs. Hawkins, Savoy, Saizan, Clark and Guillory. The following appointments and chauges wero made in Road Overseers: Ducordre Dupre vice Alphonse Reed, and François D'avy is hereby instructed to assist D. Dupre in working Taylors lane with his hands. John Smith from Boons place toGrand Prairie. Sevain Prejeau, from DeJeans Bridge to the gully near Mrs. Brooks place. Andre Deshotels, flls from Ville Plate to Anse Bourheims. Emile aoileau from Ville Plato to Bayou Petit Jose. J. M. Daniels vice J. Enochs. Clermant Vidriue, from Opelonsas and Ville Plate road to Washington and Ville Plate road via Gulllorys Bridge. G. 8. Chevis vice T. Duplechin. L. 8. Havard from Casons lower lino to the parish hue. Vftlsin Richard from Grand Coteau to Caron cro Bridge. On motion the Police Jury adjourned until Monday April 8th. 1878. R. H. LITTELL, President. Attest : C. Mayo , Clerk. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. Head ! .Read,! ! READ!!! The continued Dullness of trade lias brought forth New Ideas. everybody WANT jod8 if they are Cheap Enough to enable all the peoj • of the parish of 8t. Landry to get all the/ may require. I have reduced every article in store and will positively commence on MOVDAV, JIABCn 1ST 18, 1878, and dispose of our ent1kk stock., at pricks Unheard Of. Don't fail to take advantage of thla OFFER. I mean what I say. Additions to our Stock by Every Boat. EiTlANl «L PHILLIPS, A K t., March 16-tf Next to Julien Claude's. JVolice of Registration. The citizens of the town of Opelousas are hereby notified that I will open my office in said town for the purpose or registering the voters of the corporation, on the 26th of March anil will remain open nntll the evening of tho 30tli of March, 1878. Office hours from 9 o'clock a. m . to 1 o'clock i*, m ., and from2 o'clock p. m . to 5 o'clock daily. ADOLPHE 8TAGG. inch 10-at Registrar, Parish 8t. Landry. Bees for Sale. About 20 colonies in frame hives. Very cheap— less than value ot the hive. Apply at this office. inch 16-tf JYotice of Town Election. The qnallfletl electors of the town of Opelou sas are hereby notified that an election of seven members of the Board of Police of said town will be held at Ope ousas on Monday April 1st, 1878. Thn polls will he opened at 9 o'clock a. m., on said day and closed at 5 o'clock p. m ., aud supervised by three commissioners of election to be appointed by me, according to the amended charter of said town. JAMES ray, President Board of Polico town of Opelousas. mch 9 -41 JUDICIAL ADVERTISEMENTS. j^HERIFE'ft SALE. PARISH COURT, PARISH OF8T. LANDRY, NO. 1953. PETER JACOBS V8. EMILE A. CAEMOÜCHE By virtue of a writ of fieri facias issued out of the honorable Parish Court, in ana for the parish of St. Landry, in theabove entitled suit, and to me directed, I will proceed to sell at public auction, to the highest bidder, at the Courthouse of said parish, in the town of Ope lousas, on SATURDAY, the 23d day of March. 1878. at 11 o'clock a. m ., the following described property, to-wit : . A certain engine on the plantationandin the possession of Alphoncç Gooeau, on Petit Frame.. Tcrms—Cash & ß pûso3îi juch S Sheriff oî tlw Parish ol ®t. Landry » feanisse to Oscar oiitinue ou a line run sse and Onile Lafl«'ur, itli-westei'ii corner of thence following tho uisse, the same being a him and Jean Louis «•pts the resent road.