«T. L.ANIÄ1T DEMOCRAT.
M. D. KAVANAGH, Editor.
TERMS FOE SUBSCRIPTION.
One Dollar axd Fiftv Cents a year, in ad
Tance. The year eau lie. begun at any time, a»
äfty -two numbers of thepaper make a year's
AGENTS OF THE DEMOCRAT:
7 Grand Coteau
::::::::^A ; iamn™City
Fabacher P. O
D. P. Saizan
('apt. 8am. Haas
J. J. Hicks
Abraham Richard ...
Dr. .1. F. Lester
Hen y Wood worth
Mentor Arnims >.
Foreman A: Dusou ....
T. C. Chachere
J. D. Bernard
E. C. Hoger
B. 8. Gay
M. J. Rostect „
The gentlemen a'oove, named are our agents J
and as such requested to solicit subscriptions.
M. D. KAVANAGH.
oi'kloi 'SAS. SATURDAY, MABtl! 30, isïs.
There will be a meeting of the State
Central Committee of tin* Democratic
Conservative party, held on Wednesday
May 1st, in New Orleans.
The State Central Committee of the j
Democratic pa, ty has be t n called to- !
getliei for the 1st «if May. St. Laudiy
isenlitled to a representative, and
think the two old committees
put their heads together and agree on a
delegate. Lay aside your prejudices,
gentlemen, and work for the goéd of
Stnator Garland returned by stage
Saturday evening, alter an absence of j
about ten weeks. If hard work in com- j
niittce and on the floor 4»f the Senate, j
be the sign of merit, then our Senator]
can expect to receive the plaudit, " well j
done, good and faithful servant." As j
an instance of the esteem in which he is
luld by his brother Senators, they, pre
vious to adjournment, elected him a
member of the Printing Board, and
chairman of the Committee on Contin
gent Expenses of the Senate.
Senator YV. A. Robertson reached home
Thursday,looking in excellent health.
His term as Senator from the 10th Dis
trict, expired with the present years'
session of the Legislature.
The record he has made in the Senate
during the past four years is one of which
any man or any constituency, may well
.• .. i • n .i ,!
Die Democratic party during all thai (
trying period has liad no more faithful, i
energetic or fearless champion in the j
State Senate than Dr. Robertson. He M"
. . , .. , ,.. i
lias been hi the fullest sense ot the term !
a man not of words but of deeds. His!
That courteous.enterprising merchant !
acts speak for themselves.
of Main street, Emanuel Phillips, lias
lately received and continues toreeeive
the very latest style of spring goods for
ladies and gentlemen, which he is dis
posing of at wonderfully low piK'es.
Ah an instance of what bargains he is
ottering, a gentleman from the parish
«d' Av«»yelles, who called expressly at
Iiis emporium, told the w riter, he be
lieved Phillips was " busted," as he was
virtually giving away his goods. fMve
hiui a call and see for yourselves whether
lie is " busted " or not.
We had our attention called lately to !
a book case of elegant workmanship, j
made by our townsman Louis Vatter
for F. Pen« »lin, Esq. It is made «d'
cypress, beautifully stained, to repre
sent black walnut, and in design and
finish is a mil work «d' art. The upper
portion enchised with glass, is intended
for books and law papers, the lowei
shelves have soli«f doors, and may be
intended to contain theopjaos/feof solids,
diil we not know the abstemious habits
of the District Attorney. Mr. Vatter is
r«*ady to put up anything in the cabinet
line at New Orleans prices. Patronize
home w ork men.
Landscau be bought for 50cents, $1,00
to $5.00. A railroad will increase these
prices- tenfold. The very flow develop
ment of this parish has been very great
ly due to the want of proper and rapid
transportation. Our section is a stock
and farming country.
Hides, cotton, chickens, eggs and
stock of all kinds, are the ai tides of
commerce that give a balance «m the J "
credit side of the ledger-cut H# and I P
sugar the debit. Steamboats will do
sugar the debit. Steamboats will do
for the latter, but a railroad is necessary
for the former.
Then let us rejoice. The day is near
at hand when the p«*ople «»f St. Landry
can bleak fast at home and sup in New
Moreover, the completion of the Paci
fic road, will force Morgan iu self-de
fence to move forward with the Ope
lousas road. These two roads would
place us in the v<ejy acme of good hu
mor. Let us reduce our parish tax,
build up our public highways, bridges
and streams and w e will not wait long to
see a stream of strangers pouring in
The bill for the aid «d' the New Or
leans Pacific Railroad having received
the signature of the Governor, places
that imp«irlant enterprise in a position,
which will enable the company to com
plete the work as far as Alexandria at a
very early period.
T«$the citizens and land holders, par
ticularly of this parish, this railroad
will be of incalculable value. It pene
trates some of the most magnificent
forest and passes over some of the rich
est soil of Louisiana. A section of
country, heretofore comparatively un
known aud uninhabited, with forent»
abounding iu game and streams teem
ing with fish—it does really cause us to
rejoice in the belief that South Western
Louisiana, the loveliest part of the gl«>be
is to be brought, in contact with tlmout
side world, its resources known; its
geuial climate sought, and its fertile
The excitement amongst our people
is great and nlreadv lands that were
looked upon as valueless, and many of
which bave been soid for taxes, are
now assuming a market value, and as
the rond progresses will enrich their
To thofce who would desire to lire in
our beautiful section, we wottld say,
jjQvr is the time to invest.
OPELOUSAS, LA.. SATURDAY, MARCH 30, 1878.
Attention Town Voters.
The fact that the present Board of
I Police ad«»pted the Snnday h,w last fall,
O 1 ' ' '• «• * _.n—• •
J to fake J)*;ice next Monday,
which wast he «teat rallying cry against
S it a week ot two ago, may now he con
i «idered as eleininated from the election
The Legislature by act No. H4, pub
! lished in our last, has conferred powers
_ j ou the Police Juries to close up stores
I and drinking saloons, inelinling those
in incorporated towns in their respective
Oui Police Jury will no doubt adopt
such an ordinance on the 8th of April. It
will take effect in all the incorporated
j '»» nsof the parish and hence no matter
! " hat the Board «IP.dice_ may do, after
that date, stores, will be closed
Opelousas, aud we will haveaSunday law
j'lespite the Board. Hence such «if our
citizens as are going to vote against the
present Board, because it passed a Sun
day law, will find by the following week
they have done a vain thing.
The Log Business.
Our friends in Calcasieu, and the
Florida parishes have at last found a
friend in Senator Eustis, who has the
boldness to denounce the pimps and
scoundrels, who have carried things
with such a high hand in their pro
ceedings against the lumber-men of
this and other States.
We copy the following extract from
j the Washington Post of the 20ih inst.,
j which in speaking of the debate of the
i previous day, relative to the loi; seizures
of Secretary Sellin z, says :
Senator Eustis pronounced the Schurz
system of protecting the Government
"timber a disgrace to the civil service,
lie described the outrageous manner in
which people of Louisiana had been
treated. Writs had been issued against
" certain persons unknown " and prop
erty of dozens of innocent citizens
seized. Air. Eustis showed himself to
be one of the clearest and most grace
lie one of the dearest and most grace
( f|| , spe . tkels ifl Congress. He is a ready
i debater, as Mr. Dawes found to iiis dis
j eoniiiture, Dawes took up the cudgel
M" 1 "Schurz, bu* Ml. Eustis floored the
i old man without the least effort.
I Colored voter
in a communication
published in the last Courier, says; *' I
! trust that all the citizens, both white
a ml colored, who love justice and fail
dealing and abhor injustice and favori
tism, will heartily support the new
ticket, w hich is composed «d honest and
in»!ight men who have the interest of
the whole community at heart."
It is strange how men differ. We ab
hor "injustice and favoritism, and we
are just as t'oud of honest and upright
men, as " colomj voter" possibly can
be, ami for these very reasons we inteml
to support the present board, all of
w hom we hope will be candidates next
Monday. They have show n more ad
niinistrative ability than any hoard the
town has ever had, coupled with less
favoritism and less injustice than any j
that has ever preceeded tliein. To il- j
lustrate this we call attention to the i
following facts 1st. That the town over
$3000 in «lebt four sears ago, is out of
«lebt to-day. 3d. When a laboring man
i*s employed by the town now, he gets
the cash and not town paper worth 50
cents on the dollar, as he used to, when
he calls to get Ids pay. 3d. Because
the streets and bridges are in better
condition to-«lay than they have ever
been known, and will bear favorable
comparison with those of any iucorpor
ateil town in the State, New Orleans
not excepted. 4th. Because the town is
better policed tliau at any previous
period in its history.
Ordinarily, we are in favor of strict
party nominations for all offices not ex
(Vptinp T " wn Councils, but we sup
poM \ ,n H,e Present instance, there has
" ot , M * 11 su ' <J|lt t ' UK1 £ ,-t an t ' x "
P rt * 89 '"" nf P"'fy "" the subject.
The Rev. E. Cater will hold a series
of Religious services in the Mafonic Hall
at this place, commencing with a ser
mon next Friday evening, April 5th, at
candlelighting, and a sermon Saturday
morning at 11 o'clock and 7 o'clock i\ m.
Also a sermon Snmlay morning at 11
o'clock. Immediately after the Sunday
morning's sermon the Holy Communion
will be administered,
At the store of S. Hiriart, Esq., can
be seen a very extroniinarv freak «if
nature in the way of a double headed
pig. It was born this week «m the
Homestead plantation, the mother
being the property of Mr. Leon Aeliee.
If has but one skull, but we believe it
has two sets of brains, a ear on each
side of the head and four eyes twit
snouts and mouths, with full setts of
teeth—a perfect, female pig in every
respect, except the d<--fortuity of the
head. Mr. Hiriart, informs us that it
was kille«! the sec«»nd day of its birth
by the old sow lying down «in it. He
has it now preserved in alcohol and in
tends sending it to the Medical Museum
in New Orleans.—[Iberville South.
There has been tnboh discussion about
the number «if men engaged <«i either
SjUü at the batile of Gettysburg, lint
f.i f, j îesf À on '» ,s nev "er been definitely
settled. Gen. Longstreet estimated the
Conte«lerafe force at 53,000 men and the
j-edernl force at 95,000 men. Geu.
Humphreys writes to flie Philadelphia
\\ eekly Ft mes aletter oil flie subject.
Ho evidently goes over the figures with
peat car«*, ami makes the "effective
I,-! Confederate infantrv 54,
doß men, «ir sibling the officers, 50.457.
Meade s army he estimates at 70,873
men. The total «if all arms, infantry,
cavalry, arrdlery, provost guards, digital
c°rp8, engineer brigads, etc., in M«a«le's
-, H ' n r era ? H'wipltreys Pttt at. 9Q,.
ti cja V ''in. * 2 of all arms was
74,880. » h est* tigmea are probably the
most accurate that hâve lieen given.—
IN. 0. Tintes.
A man went home and found his
hou«? locked up. Getting in at the
window with considerable difficulty, he
found on the table a note from his wife :
I have gone out. You will find the
key on oue side of the door-step,'
! E.iiro'r»Oiiel.msu"* (".uric.'
1 • • - - -
Editor of the St. Landry Democrat :
In the Courier of the 22<l of Marcli ap
peared the following communication :
I learn that a ticket is in the field in
oppnsitjon to the old Board, most of
i y l,om » if I s »'»'lerstood, will be candi
ites at the town election to be lient on
Monday, April 1st. Owing to the leger
demain of certain parties, we have bail
no election for town council for four
years; and 1 trust that all citizens, both
white and colored, who love justice and
fair dealing, and abhor injustice and
fa voi it ism, will lieai tily support t lie now
ticket, which is composed of honest and
upright men who have the interests of
the whole community at. heart.
A Color kd Voter.
A casual inspection of " colored
voter's" communication shows it to
have been written in utter disregard
of the truth ; and must inevitably have
forced upon the mind of every reader
the fact that he either was actuated b\
a desire to falsify facts, or that he is a
Rip \ an Winkle, who has been quietly
asleep these many years and totally
oblivious of what has been going on
around him. On the 4th of April, 1874.
a public meeting was held at the Court
house, and nominated the following
ticket for tow n council : Geo. W. Iluil
spetli, C. Mayo, Dr. James Ray, P. J
Lefebvre, A. B. Chachere, C. Moriihin
veg, Sr., Chas. N. Ealer. There wa>
another ticket in*the field. On the 6th
of April, the election took place
the gentlemen above named wereelected
l'Ile town was then in »lebt over $3000;
the streets almost impassable and tin
bridges in decay. The new board be
gan by inaugurating .lie most thorough
reforms. Salaries of town officers alone
were cut down over one thousand dol
lars at the first meeting. B> observant*«
of a rigid economy tin* finances of tin
town were soon put in a healthy
tiou, and by the time <d' tin
of their term of office
the repairs and
in 1875 many ol
repairs and improvements since
completed were commenced.
On the 15th of March, 1875, Dr. James
Ray, President of the town board of
police, addressed the clerk of the 8th
District Court, a communication, (which
was pnbljsheil in the Opelousas Jour
nal of April 9th and which "colored
voter " can see at the Democrat
office if he desires to «Jo so) request
ing him in accordance with the pro
visions of the chattel of the town, as
amended in 1806, to "publish the elec
tion of members of the Board of Polici
of the town to lie held on the 1st Mon
lay of April for the ensuing year."*
This the clerk declined to d«> for flu
reason that under sections 26 and 27 ot
the election law of 1872, he had no powei
to <lo so, the authority having been In
said act expressly delegated to the par
ish Supervisor «if Registiation. Hi.*
letter may be seen in the same nnnibei
of the Journal at the Democrat office.
This was the " legerdemain " resorted
to m 1875. Had the clerk possessed flu
authority to order it an election would
have been held, and the board elected
in 1874, n-«m Id have been re-elected.
This pow er, though by subsequent, leg
islation, had been conferred on the Su
pervisor of Registration, He «lid not
order an election ; none was held; tin
«iffices were vacant and tilled by tin
Governor, under the general laws of
the State, by recommissioning all tin
niemliers elected in 1874, except Messrs.
Hudspeth and Moruhiuveg, in wlios«
stead were commissioned Messrs. Victoi
Lastrapes and YV. G. Bell. The Gov
ernor could have done nothing more
acceptable to the taxpayers and citiz«*ns
of the town than to have re-appointed
the «»111 board. Under their administra
tion the town debt had been greatly
reduced ; town certificates of indebted
ness were rapidly approximating pat
with currency; the streets were thorough
ly repaired aud put in order and the town
better police«! than for years previously.
On the 3d of April, 1876, notwithstand
ing the broad assertion of "colored
voter " to the contrary, an election for
members of the Board «if Police was
held in Opelousas. There was some stir
over it, and a very large vote p«»lled.
The result was the election of the pres
ent town council, four of whom wen
elected iu 1874, over the ticket brought
«nit in opposition to it by an average
majority of 3 to 1—in a vote of over300.
In 1877 there was no election held, for
the reasons that by an act of the Legis
lature in 1876, amending the town
charter, elections for members of the
the town council are held only every
two years, and the present mem
bers having been elected iu April,
1876, subsequent to this amendment of
the charter their term does not expire
until April, 1878. These are the facts «if
the case, and before "colored voter"
rushed iuto print he should have prop
erly informed .himself and not been
guilty of making such extravagantly
false assertions, about a matter within
the knowledge of every voter in the
A YVhite Voter and aTax-Paykr.
Good Advice .—It is better to trea«l
the path «if life cheerfully, skipping
lightly over the thorns and briars that
«ihstruct your way, than t«i sit down un
der every hedge lamenting your hard
fate. The thread of a cheerful man's
life spins «iiif much longer than that «if
a man wh«i is continually sad and <!es
pot.diug. Prudent conduct in the «*«in
cerns of life is highly necessary—but if
«listless succeed, «lejecthiu ami despair
will not aftbrd relief. The best tiling
to be d«me when evil comes upon us is
not laiuentathm, but action ; not to sit
and suffer, but to rise and seek tlie
A German Jew was eating a pork
chop in a thunder storm. On hearing
au unusually loud clap he laid dowu his
knife aud fork and observed, ' Yell, did
anybody ever hear such a fuss about a
little piece of bork ! '
. K«) P8tate at Atiatifci, Ga., lias risen
m value since that place was selected
as tlie capital of the Statt,
1 tie tacts relative to the character ot
tile animals slaughtered and the meat
>1(1 in this market, stated in a commit- |
j mcaiioii signed "Brutus,'' printed inj
j the Democrat.yesterday morning, should J
I attract general attention. We think it
j is safe to say that New Orleans is sup
| plied with the poorest meat at higher
I prices tlian any other large city in the
I Union. With the high price of this
j inferior meat the Slaughter-House tuoti
j opojy has certainly a great «lea! to do,
; for it levies a heavy tax on every animal
slaughtered here for consumption. We
I do not believe, however, t liai the respon
sibility for the class and condition of
the animals lies in tin* same quarter.
It is a well known fact that the first
class Texas cattle are all sent over the
railroadsor ilriven to the Western cük*s,
while the refuse are bought up by a
wealthy company and brought to New
Orleans chiefly over Morgan's line. Thus
while we are nearer than any
large city iu the Union to the
meat fields of I exas, we are supplid, at j
h 'gh prices, wiili wretch«*«! anil, Oiotiften,
mi wholesome beef. I his tact is due to
'w.'i' 1 "'nmaiiicatioii by rail with
Western Texas. The existing road
not. capacitated to transport more than
the inferior beeves bought by one com
pany, and thus the meat supply is in the
hands of, practically, hs great a monopo
ly as the slaughter-house, but the
-Slaughter-House Company is not res
nonsitile for this, nor are the laws of
The construction of a competing road
o T«*x*s would relieve the city in this
respect ; it would force Mr. Morgan to
complete his line and increase its capa
city, and it would furnish other com
panies or individuals a means of rapid
i.v reachtugour market with fine, healthy
cattle at very hnv freights.
Beyond question, the monopoly fea
• nie of the Slaughter-house charter
ought to be repealed ; that repeal would
relieve the people of New Orleans of a
very heavy and oppressive indirect tax;
but the quality of our meat will not be
greatly improved unless, like «»tliei
great and enlightened cities, we, extend
■ »m- railroad facilities and place our
selves in rapid and cheap communica
tion with those regions of country from
which we draw our supplies of food aud
gather our trade.
The character of the animals brought
to this market, thousands of them ac
tually diseased ; the high freights paid
tor their transportation, and the limite«!
facilities for supplying our market witl ,
them, constitute one of the stronger t
irguments that could be advanced I« ,r
the construction of a new railroad to
This is a broader question, we think,
than is generally »upposeil; and the
practical monopoly for the supply ot
• ver 350,000 people With beef, created
by the loial want «il railroad couiiitiii li
catioii with I'exas, is oue of 4he nt ost
serious evils to which we are subject ed.
The above, copied from the New Or- j
tus Democrat* of a recent slate is per
üieut to the situation. Give n& wmi- |j
munication by rail to New Orleans
len hours, and St. Landry can furnish
ill the meat required at low prices..
Xow, tliat you have the charters, gen
tlemen, build those railroads.
channel depth oktvvkntv-four feet »
[Special Telegram to the Cincinnati Commercial. î
Washington , March 18.—-A letter was.
received by the secretary of war to-day
from the inspecting engineer at tiie jet-'«
<lat«*«l tlie lO.h of this month" int
which it is stated that «luring the forty
days preceeding the lOili the channel ol
twenty-four feet, and of the full width
of 250 feet, had moved down 3000 fee',,
which brings it to w ithin 1500 feet « »I
the «leep water.
The depth of twenty-four feet w as
secured to within 200 feet of the deep
water, of a sufficient width to p;»->s
steamers drawing that aniouutof wat er,
A letter was also received here to-d.ay
from Mr. Schmidt, the assistant-engiiveev
of the jetties, dated the 12tn, stating
that but 15,000 cubic yards wouhl laav e
hi be scoured before reaching flu? re
quired tlepth of twenty four fet-t of
250 feet width, to obtain the next pay
ment. These statements give au em
phatic denial t«i the rumors which for a
few days have been actively circula teil
tuning members of Congress that the
pass was tilling up.
During the last ten years billiard ;and
whisky saloon-keepers have iuctea.se«!
four hundred per cent, iti this count ry
whilefarniershaveincreased but twe» ty
five per cent. These figures show bet ter
tliau anything else the tendeu<*y of the
country. Thousands «if able-butlied
men enter the tramp class, simply be
cause they are «Jemoralized aud ton. lazy
to c«nne down to " Imnest toil." A large
class of men go at once into the whisky
business if they cau scrape togefhei
few hundred dollars. Sous of farmer,
turn their backs «m the paternal acres
and go t«i the cities, where they enter
stores at pitiful salaries, ami, spending
their spare hours at gambling hells ami
houses of shame, soon drift into the
gutter. Repugnance to toil is the basis
of the tramp system ; the basis of the
•urrent.outlawry, both of which are
distinguishing features of the Northern
States. The large cities are overrun
with work-shirkers who would not take
the slightest interest in offers to work
«m farms at $20 a month and board, and
yet go howling about the streets com
plaining «if hard times and talking jif
the " rights «if the poor mau."—JCourier
The Anderson Case.
the attorney general has filed an
application for a rehearing.
the points made in the application
will be found set forth in flll
(From tue New Orleans Times.]
On Friday, the attorney general filed
in the supreme court an application for
a rehearing in the case of the State vs.
J. Madison Wells et als. as follows:
A clear sense of duty impels rnbtoask
at y«iur hauds a reconsideration of the
groumls upon which this case has been
Tin* principles of law involved are of
the highest consequence, and I should
greatly regret that any omission of effort
upon my part should contribute to fix in
the jurisprudence of the State an erron
eons c«instrnctlon in relation thereto.
My anxiety in regard to the Hs of the
prosecution >3 this particular' case will
be readily umlersfo «Kl when your H«in
ors reflect that the real contest here ts
tor the protection «if the purity of »» >
ballot, not only in Loaisi»»*- - <->«e
L nited S ta te a . ' |v -a, ont in the
jn tL- - ■* oo tnneh has happened
past tew years to shake the foun
f'f V 0IV,t and I can
an . ea P ecuiï "»xtety, as a
l )ull,lc < '^ t 'ei' J that m a case of such in
wreefc Um çouat should rest iu decisiua
j upon no principle of law in regard to
the soundness ot which there coiiid be a
j serious question among candid, disiu fer
I ested and enlightened jurists througli
| out the country.
I iie record upon which this decision
has been rendered contains more than
fi ve hundred pages of written matter.
Th «'counsel for the State had scarcely
the time necessary to prepare for so im- i
port ant an argument, as the case was j
fixed by preference with only three da> s
notic e. The argument occurred on
l'u«'s( lay, and the decision of the court
was re ad upon the following Monday.
Iîrro rs ha ve crept into i his decision no
doubt both from the imperfection of
III«* premutation made by the State, anil
from the" shortness of the period during
which the com t held tin* easebinder con
sideration. A convictioiu that you will
be not «iirly willing but anxious to eor
rec-t those eirors if I am able to make
tin-ill apparent, emboldens me to lay be
fore jou tili» application.
The constitution gives y ou an appel
late jurisdiction in criminal cases m |y
j u'pon questions purely of law. Youcan
ll( ,t My an is,lie of fact. Whether a
par ticular document is or is n. >t a record
is n i «*very case necessarily a question to
be si dtle«l by evidence. Take th'eoocu
mi'iit. nn«ler discussion and suppose that
mi its face it should not appear to be a
record . would not prove that if has b> en
«iff'ereo ' ami received in evidence in a
court o ,t justice make it at once a publii*
record . find constitute its alteration a
crime iu. wb-r the statute ? Is not this too
plain for discussion ? This question is i
settled in the able opinion of Chief j
Justice Pa rker, of file supreme court of j
Massachus efts, one of the very first jur- '
ists of this country and age. In tin
case of Breen vs. YVoodhury, reported
365, the question arose ;
jartii'iilar instrument j
in 1st Picke t in.
as to whether a,
which was a !legitt to ha ve b«-eii forged
and altered, was or w.ts it«it. a record —
just as that question has atiseu her«—
and the court says :
"A rec«ir«l is conclusive e vidence, but
what is or is not a record is matter of
evutt-nce, anil may be proved iike other
facts; otherwise there would be no
It is evident that the judge's charge
t« < the jury as to w hat constituted a re
cord, and the means by which they were
to reach a conclusion upon this point,
was the sole matter for review in this
court. If the charge upon that point
was sufficient, the finding «if the jury
under it ts beyond your reach, because
it necessarily embraces an iiujuiry into
the facts connected with the «locuiiient.
No better illustration of tlie importance
of this principle could be found than
that presenteit by this very case. The
jury reached the conclusion that this
paper was a,record, not only from what
appeared upon its face, but from tin
proof of several witnesses, that this
particular document had b«-«*u n-ceived
liy the board of returning officers as a
reciird, acte«! upon by them as such,
falsified as such, aud finally carried into
their compilations as such, and made,
uitli other doenmeuts ol the same kind,
the basis ot that traud by which
the voice of the people of this great
country was hushed, ami the will of
fiiur men entlimued at Washington.
If a document formidable enough toac
complish all this evil is not a record,
what is it 1
It ts useless to say that the forgery of
these consolidated statements could
cause no injury. That forgery did cause
great and irreparable injury. It. not
only deprived in«livi«luals «if rights, but
it actually overthrew a government
which had been elected by the people,
All this the jury knew, but y«iu ctiuhl
"°t kiiow as a court, because, under tin*
constitution, you cat) not notice any
matter of fact in a criminal case. Ami
from all fiiis it. plainly appears that this
court ought not to have interfered with
(lie tindiiig «if the jury upon this point.
Hut assuming for argument sake that
the court hail a right t«i pass upon this
questmu. The statute is that any per
son wno shall utter and publish as true
any false, altered, forged or counter
feited record w ith intent t«> defraud any
person shall on conviction, etc.
The paper charged to have lieeu al
tei«*«l or falsifie«! is a paper which the
supervisor oi registration of every par
is! i is required to make after each elec
tion in tneState. Tliisotlicerischarged
i«i receive from the commissioners of
election at the «Jiffereut polling places
their certificates aud returns. He is re
quire«! t«i examine these papers and re
p«nt the results of the election in the
parisli»at large, iu w hat is termed a con
solidate«! statement iu the act. The re
turns to him and Iiis consolidated state*
menthe is required to send to the re
turning board. The fact that this cou
solitlateil statement has been altered ami
falsified by the defendant has been es
tablished by the verdict of the jury,
i'he question is whether this paper
comes within the purview and scope of
the statute ?
At the common law, forgery consisted
ot the altering of a writing fraudulently
to injure another, the purpose being to
give to the writing an operation which,
in truth, it ought not to have. At tin
common law the counterfeiting or al
teiing «if any authentic matter of a
public nature was a forgery, because all
public matter which the law requires t«i
lie authenticated, if falsified or coun
terfeited, is presumptively pernicious
aud teuds to the injury of the common
wealth. The instances put of such
papers are certificates of holy orders, etc.
A late case decides that a forged letter
of recommendation for service as a
schoolmaster is publishable under the
law. R«*gina vs-Schorman, 24 L. and
C. Y. 553.
The paper prepared by the supervisor
of registration is a paper of a public
nature—directed to lie made by the leg
islature—to be certified by officers of
the State ami to be carefully sealed up
with other papers and sent to other offi
cers ot the State who have duties to
perform. This paper is evidence that
the commissioners «if elecfititi have
transmitted t«i the supervisor returns
as required by law. It is evidence that
this officer within a short period has
examined these returns and ascertains
the results to which he certifies. If by
any fraud or acciilent the commissiou"
ers returns lie falsified here is some
check, and here is furnished some evi
dence of the fact. Any variance in
this statement from that which the re
turning b«iard might make would lead
to inqu.ry and detection. The case be
tote the court illustrates the value of'
such a paper. The members of the
made a fraudulent te
8 h Vernon
r « consul their fraud they
an d falsified the supervisor 's
statement. I cannot undershtud
iimumeut tlj^ pryauun«*» - - ...
oW«'!Hi paper " : .«unity au
shall h** - ttte statute directs
* , :v ,,1! «de aud placed in the hands
y "Hicers and b«;inj< «if no value
w efficacy may be altered, forced and
talsified with impunity. The paper
would he admissible in any contest for
offii;e, among the candi«hiti *8 in Vernon
parish. It might, with other evidence,
overthrow the certificates of the re
ICoatlaued On Fourth Page.]
I'liristiattiiy in India.
ci.'lar teaching as much a missionary in
stifi'iiion as in the avowedly leligious
schoi. Î by its side. None would «1
If Christianity is evi-r to become the
dominant religion of India, it will he
borne on tin-stream of the civilization
with which it is So closely associated;
it will be, that is, through the widest
possible diffusion of the means < f learn
by courting rather than discour
! aging llit* spirit «if inquiry; not by in
! troducii.g new saeeidofal pretensions
j into :i land sick with those of the past,
I but by a spirit which has the courage to
j eiy, " If the Lord be God, follow II i m ; j
I but if Buddha, then follow him ; or if
; Brahma, Vishnu, and Siva, then follow ;
them." it is perhaps not more possible ,
; now than a hundred yeaisago to foresee [
i for Christianity a peinianent triumph!
i over the older religions of .the East;;
'and a residence in india tends, it is to j
! la* feared, tociush the hopes ot all but j
! the most hopeful) ; on the «ither hand,
j it needs no unieasouing enthusiasm to!
regard such a consummation as possible !
ami «'Ven natural ; only it seems certain |
that an intellectual revolution must j
first take place, and its influence per- j
meat«* Eastern society, before a change \
so marvelous can come over these an
cient lands. That such a revolution j
has begun and already deeply and per
manently affecti-d the most influential ;
strata of nativ«- society is a patent fact,!
and it, iu bmking into the future, it is I
safe to expect that liuth will ultimately !
prevail, it is not difficult to see in flit
Government school with its purely se- j
the . 4
... ...M i. ... , t . i , ,t j
position v. onlti lie strengthened la t ht- 1 !
otherw ise than honor the work of the
devote«! missionaries of India, yet theii
woaki -neil by recognizing that
rate system of secular education
iuvi *. insi.-atl of un ii religious
. ».....»it i
r.'l ironist, the iik»>i pown ^ ol
1 Ips . Tlmr*- who hîivi» Sern much of [
native Christians will be ready to ail-J
mit that it ts thnsi—.few though tlicx |
may be as yet—w hose conviction is tin
result of a l Ii or« /Hg h cours«* of English
education, lather 'ban thos«* who have)
igi oi-intly \iehh-d '«» the moral power
of the preacher upo.'i whom reliance
may In st be placed for the exercise ol j
any permanent influence.
The Massachusetts legislature
leafed a prohibitory litpior '»ill by
vote of 118 to 93.
Jl'DK'l 11, ail v k I-XIC II l<! /*T««.
j^MERSFF'S SAI .E.
« ECON D.ÎU1H C I AT, I) LST R K T CO U KT, PA fi
ts 11 OF JEFFERSON, No. *251.
HENRY L. GARLAND VS. Et.OIlILE LAM
By virtue of a writ of fieri fm-iiis issueil
out of the honornlile -id .liiilicisit I)i.slr et Court
ill ;iii«l forth«; parish of Jetferkorn, in the above,
ouîiîletl suit, ami to nie direct«*«!, f will proeeei?
to sel! at public auction, to the highest bidder,
at the Court house of said parish, in the towr
of Ope'ousas. on SATURDAY, the 4th day ol
May, 1878. at II o'clock a. m ., the following des
cribed property, to-wit :
A certain plantation or tract of land, togethei
with a'l the buildings and improvements there
on. situated in # le parisj ol St. Landry. .State
of Louisen a. #n tile Bayou Coin-tableau, ant',
bound*-«! tin tlx; front by said Rayon C'onrtableau,
ibove bv lands of Elbert liantf, be'ow by laniii
of Sam Ifi.ok and Lenielie tract aiift in tile rear
by la ds of Elbert Guutt, containingsixtv-eight
ami OOjKin acres more or l«;ss.
C. C. DUSON,
inch HO Sheriff of the Parish of St. Landry.
ÏIKHS F F'S «.«I.E.
PARISH COURT. PARISH OF ST. LANDRY,
JOHN M, GOULD VS. WM. S. LANE ET AL.
PARISH COUKT, PARISH OF ST. LANDRY
HENRY L. GARLAND VS. WM. 8. LANE
By virtue of two writs of alias fieri facias issued
out of tiie honorable Parish Court, in and loi
the parish of Si. Landry, in tlie above entitle«;
suits, and to nit* directed. 1 will proceed to sell ai
public, auction, to the highest ti'ulder, at tin
Courthouse.of said parish, in the town of Ope
lousas, on SATUKIIA Y. tiie 30th day of March
1878. at 11 .l'clock a . M., the following described
property, to-wit :
The trading boat Jockey Boy and the stock
of merchandise therein, as per inventory oi
tile in Sheriff's office.
C. C. DUSOV,
Sheriff of the Parish of St. Landry.
DISTRICTCOUKT, PARISH OF ST. ORLEANS
A BORNET & CO. VS. THOMAS M. ANDER
SON, ET AL.
,£>' y, !rt , ue of S, W1 ', ät r ,,f fleri facias issued
onto the honorable 5tli District Court,in am' foi
tlie Parish of Orleans, in the above entitled suit
and to me directed, 1 will proceed to soil a
public auction to the highest bidder at tin
Courthouse of said parish, in the town of One
lousa-s, on SATUKlJ.v Y, the 15th day of Apri .
1878, at 11 o'clock v. il. , th.- following describe«!
property, to-wit :
<)ne kiin of brick, seized as the property o
r. 31. AiiUer&oii.
inch 30 Sheriff of the Parish of St*. L;in<l rv.
PARISH COURT, PARISH OF ST. LANDRY,
JONATHAN L. MORRIS VS. WM. R. HUGHES.
® y „y, irt , ne of :l writ of fieri facias issueo
«Mit t»f the honorable Parish Court, in and for tin
I aristi of St. Landry, in the above entitled suit
and to lue directed, f wili proceed to sell a:
publie auction, to the highest bidder, at tin
Courthouse of said parish, in the town of One
ousas tin SATURDAY, the 2llth day of April.
1878, at 11 o clock a. m „ the following des
cnbed property, to-wit : , 8 ues
A certain tract of land situated on Bavon
Jawjue, south by Hill, west by D. C. Hiliànd
sa r .<l contain twelve hundred acres.
Terms-To be sohl « n a credit of twelve
go<\d !n«l 1 sMffi " S, ' f r ' M ' ia ~ r,M l"ir.d to furnish
M>»(1 and snffien-nt security according to law
aud special mortgage ou the property sold, with
interest from the day of adjudication at the
SM ' Ä at f'^" 1 h ï Th >-< jbdgment in
dato 1 ' 8 t ,er ee.'it l«;r annum from
mch ?3 Sheriff of tlie Parish of SL Landry.
DfSlRrCT COURT, PARISH OF ST. LANDB V
JAMES M DOWLfNG VS
.. virtue of an order «if seizure and sale
issued out of the honorable District Court
u. and tor the Parish of st. Landry Jn theal'i,v «■
t'.ciii /'V.r" ,ue ( l' r ected, f will pro«.-cd
«t ïi , I 1 ,' 1 a,,etl< "i. to the highest bidder,
at the Court House, St. Landry parish, iu tlie
t«iwn ofpiHjlo"s.is,on SATURDAY, the 2 CK Ii .»■*
of April, 1878, o'clock 4 m - '*,
lowing def-crilipd property 1»^—" •> T ^. e
A certain lot ul' ai»«- .»it:
of Qpefousa» 4 - ..«a situated in the town
sil« ..i said ;i trish. together with all
oiiildiugs and" improvements thereon,
bounded east and south by property, of John
E. King, a.irth by Landry street and ,we«t by
riayoii Tesson, i «eilig same property purchased
bv Alexander B. Ciiaeiiere from James O. ( ha
«•here, as per act passed before. Archie P. Wil
liams. Notary Public, on the 14th day of April
A. D., 18.3. and duly recorded iu recorders
office of , tiie parish of St. Landry in alienation
book A No. 2, page 23«.
Term?—To be sold on a credit of twelve
months, purchaser furnishing bond and security
according to law, and paying all costs and
taxes in cash.
C. C. DUSON,
mcb 23 Sheriff of the Parish ol 8t. Landry* •
Spcriaf Vo. 183.
CONCERNING AD VI RTfSlN' 1 NOTICE OF
LIABILITY TO SPECIAL TAXES, &C.
Tk hash r y D e pa lîtm knt,
Office of Internal Revenue,
Washington, February 14, 1«78.
The Annual Notice of tlie Liability to Special
Taxes should tie advertised by «„'olleetors in the
following f. rui, viz :
(form of advkrtiskment.)
I NOTICE U. 8. TVTERNAR-REVENUE SPE
I Fader the Revised Statutes of the United
! States. Section* 8232. 3237. and 32 1). every
pei-Min eiurastd in any business, avocation, or
! employment, which rentiers him liable to a
! special tax. is required la procure and place awl
I coiispictumsi!/ in his establish en or ■ luce
0 business a STAMP denoting the payment of
: said special tax for tlie special-tax year begin
| Iiiiiff May 1.1S78. Secti0113244. Revised Statut« s,
1 designates who arc liable t• • special tax. A re
turn, as prescribed ell Form 11, is also required
! In/ law ot every person liable to special tax as
! above. Severe jienidtifS arc prescribed for lion
i compliance with the foregoing mjnirenicnts.
it for continuing in business alter April 30,1878,
without paj nient ot tax.
Appl cat ion should be made to L. I-Yntelier,
Deputy Collector of Internal Revenue, at New
This advertisement slion'd be inserted in such
papers not exceediiif/ one in each count;/ in aiiny
case, as may be best calculated lo reach all
classes ol special-tax payers. The number of
insertions must not exceed four tor weekly is
sues. or six tor daily issues.
Attention is called to rates for advertising,
prescribe«! ill Sections *53 and854. Revised Stat
utes, which read as fo'lows:
" Si:«:. 853. For publishing any notice, or order,
required by law, or the lawful order of anv
court. Depart cut, bureau, or other person, in
any newspaper, * * forty cents per folio for
1 he tlrst insertion, and twenty cents per folio
lor eaeli subsequent insertion * *
•* S ec . 8."4. The term folio, in this chapter,
shall mean one hundred words, counting each
ligure as a word. When there are over tiny
and under oue hundred words, they shall be
counted as one folio ; but a less number than
ii t.v words shall not be counted, except when
the whole * notice, or order contains less
than fifty wonts."
Collectors are informed that no charges in
excess of tin* above rate can tie allowed or paid,
anil a copy ol this circular should, therefore, be
sent to each newspaper selected ; and whether
the advertisement is accepted or declined. Col
lectors must relv principally upon the posters
with which they will b supplied) and Foini 11
j for notifying tax-payers
Collectors will see to it that a copy of the
poster, relative to special taxes, isposte'd in each
post office in their districts, and in such other
conspicuous places as will bring the same to
' he notice of every one liable, or likely to be
come liable, to special tax. and that " Form 11 "
j is sent to each person liable to special lax in
No further expense for advertising, except as
herein prescribed, or for p'intingtn connection
j with special taxe*, will be allowed ill the fcttle.
j i nent of Coll c1 ir's accounts unless the same h;ig
»nent ol Cm 11 ct >r s JK'ccuniTH uniepft tli<*8jniii* luis
1,^.1, previously :tutlionze <ll>y tili» l>t*t »artui< a iit.
[ Collectors shouM begin niiii inj: " F mi 111 11"
by the 15tli of March, connneiicing with the
iio>t remote tax-pajers. so that every tax
jiayer will liave received it b> the 1st of April
■>r as soon I hereafler as possible. Tlie posters
should be put up during the first week in April.
I'he Advertisement in th** weekly issues should
He inserted twice during the latter half of March,
and twice during the latter half of April; Ihe
■ me in the daily issues twice a week (on Wed
in sitay und Saturday, or other (lays not imme
diately sue«-eciliiig each other) «luring llie tirst
: liri't- weeks in Api il.
The lulls fur advertising, duly receipted for,
ami accompanied iu eiu-h case by a copy of the
idvertisement in the paper in which inserted,
should be seheduletl oii Form 85. noting in the
nargin the name of county in which the paper
is published, ami char-..
.11 line No. 10. un For:
i he quarter iu which t !
A revised Form (11)
it should be used in si! !
the t'liited States,
11 for the last month of
x pense was incurred
it. just been issued, and
uses in lieu of the oue
March :10th, 1S7S-«
R£KN B. RAWiN,
F 1RS T
For Sal«- by the lliiiiili-eii or Thoiixniial,
QUAM TY .
CAMP HAMILTON PLANTATION,
inch 23 tf T. MILLER ANDERSON,
rjtHE WASIIIIVOTOIV, OPGLOl'MAS
NEW ORLEANS TRANSPORTATION CO.
H. H. BROAD, Master Theo . Joins, Clerk.
Leaves Washington every Saturday 10 a ,m
Leaves New Orleans every Tuesday 5 l*. ii'
Ii E R T H A ,
M. KENLSO.V, Master,.E. Qkatrevaux, flerk
l eaves Washington exery Wednesday 10 m.'
Leaves New Orleans every Saturday's p. , m ,
Keati ! Read ! !
The continued Dullness of trade lias brought
EVERYBODY WANTS GOODS IF THEY ARE
to enable all the people of the parish of St.
Landry to get all they may require. I have
reduced every article in store and will positively
iflOVDAV, MARCH f MTH, I8Î»,
\S1> Disro-K OF OUR EN'TIUt STOCK, AT PRICES
Don't fuiS to take advantage of thix
I mean what I say.
Additions to our Stock by Every Boat
K1IAHBI, Paill. 1.1 I'M, A J
March 16-tf Next to Julien Clamle's.
JVolice of Registration,
The citizens of the town of Opelousas «m
tiereby notified that f will open my office in
said town for the purpose of registering th"
\oteia of the corporuti.n. oil the 2eth of March
w ' , ' r « iu 1 H1 » "l'en uniil the evening of the
iOih of March, 1878. office hours from 9 o'tloek
v. m. to 1 o dock I*. m„ and from2 o'clock i*. n
to 5 o clock daily. ADut.PHE STAGG
inch 10-at Registrar, Parish St. Landry.
JVolice of Town Election.
The qualified electors of the town of Onelou
ssw are iiereliy notified tlmt all election ot seven
^e ubers.jf the Boar«: Police of said tow"
87s Th®. n f 1 T, V i,s 0,1 Monday April 1st,
■ J '- .J 1 . 1 " polls will In opened at 9 o'clock a. m ,
••u said day and closed at 5 o'clock i*. m., and
sapen ised by three coiamissiouers of di ction
^»"ufeti by ne, according to the
amended charter ot sai l town.
Uiëh tu BWU1 ' <1 ° f 1,01106 '"^"'^Ki'sas.
■yjEETISfi OF CUE OITOKIÜ.
ESTATE OF BENJAMIN A. SM.iTH.
A meeting of the creditors of the estate of
Benjamin A. Smith, deceased, will be held at
the office of John f. Smith, Esij ., Notary Public
111 and for the parish of St. Landry, at Grand
«.'liteau, on TUESDAY, the 23 (1 (lay of April, 1878,
tor the pin-pone of deciding on what terms and
conditions the real estate of said estate of Ben
jamin A. Smith, deceased shall be sohl.
]yOT«'E OF FI AI, TAüleaI'.
PROBATE COURT, PARISH OFST. LANDRY,
ESTATE OF BENJAMIN A. SMITH.
Whereas, J. Lacms Gnilbc-au of the parish
of St. Landry, administrator of the estate of
Benjamin A. Smith, deceased, having filed a
tableau of elassitlcaton of the /above estate,,
accompanied by hie petitii 11 praying for the
homologation of the same.
And whereas, the prayer of said petition has
been granted by an order of court, bearing data
March 19th, 1878.
Now, therefore notice is hereby given to at!
persons interested t > make opposition to said
tableau in writing at ray office in the town of
OpeloiUias, within the time required by law, why
the said tableau should not homologated and
confirmed. JAMJjö O. CHACHERE, Clerk.
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