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St. Landry democrat. (Opelousas, La.) 1878-1894, March 30, 1878, Image 2

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St. ünirT Democrat.
OPELOOS AS, •• LOUISIANA.
CURRENT PARAGRAPHS.
Southern News.
There are three families in North Car
olina that poll thfrty-five democratic
votes.
The salary of the speaker ot the Lou»
isiana house of representatives is $24 a
day.
Vessels are not allowed to load at Port
Royal, South Carolina, on «Sunday. A
blue law.
The moonshiners of the Alabama
mountain districts manufacture crooked
brandy.
The spring cattle drive in Texas, ac
cording to the Ban Antonio Express, will
number 323,400.
The agricultural population of Georgia
is 900,000 souls, and the number of acres
in cultivation is a trifle over 600,000.
The Palatka (Forida) Herald says one
of the best evidences of a heavy «range
crop next season is the backward spring.
The real estate prices in Atlanta have
been much higher since the determina
tion to make that city the Georgia
capital.
Montgomery, Ala., has purchased fif
teen guns of the most approved pattern
for the use of the police force in cases of
emergency.
There is fully a car-load of North
Carolina specimens intended for the Paris
exhibition in the bands of the agricultu
ral department at Ealeigh.
General P. M. B. Young, of Georgia,
the southern commissioner to Paris, is
very enthuiastic over the prospects ot a
liberal display of southern goods at the
exposition.
The auditor of public accounts of Vir
ginia has declared the financial condition
of the state to be deplorable; that no
money was being received for taxes, «11
payments being made in coupons, on
which there was thirty per cent, dis
count, and that he can run the slate
government not an hour longer.
New Orleans Democrat : Joseph Jef
ferson (Rip) is over on his beautiful 1
plantation, shooting, fishing and painting
between timss. Why does Rip Vau
Winkle come so far to spend his leisure
time ? To get away from the managers,
<ny good friends; mails irregular, no
telegraph, distance great, can hunt ducks
quietly here., without beiDg hunted by
the managers.
The Jacksonville (Fla.) gun and Press
says that oue of the best business men of
that city offers to take the contract of
running the city government for a year
for two-thirds what it now cost«. He will
be mayor, alderman, police—in fact, the
whole machinery of the government—ard
if at the end of the year the people by
their votes say that they have not had as
good a city administration as they have
had for years, he will pay the bills and
claim nothing.
The general conference of the Method
ist church south will be held in Atlanta
the first Wednesday in May. The
general business of the conference will
embrace many interesting subjects,
prominent among which will be : 1. The
relations to each othrr of the two
great branches of American Methodism.
2 The adjustment of the presiding-elder
question. 3. Temperance and great
moral subjects, including perhaps the
questions involved in the discussion of
the subject of dancing.
Russell (Ala.) Register: There was a
negro marriage in Talladega a few day«
ago, and a few minutes after the cere
mony had been performed a rejected
suitor of the bride threw his arms around
her neck and in the presence of a number
of persons inflicted upon her eight or
nine stabs, from which she died almost
instantly. He then mounted the court
house steps and proclaimed, " I done it
hang me, or kill me just as you please,
only bury me by Liza'e side."
Charleston Journal of Commerce: A
dispatch received states that the bark
Azor left Boston for Charleston on Sat
urday afternoon at 5 o'clock. As the
Jong t»lked-dr and anxiously-awaited
vessel is indeed on her way hither, this
announcement is expected to infuse un
restrained joy into the hearts of the
many hundred future Liberians who
have doubtless been dreaming for some
time past of the unalloyed happiness
and luxurious ease that are in store for
them upon their arrival in the land of
"milk and honey." Liberty, thou art
but a name!
Brunswick(Ga.) Appeal : Capt. Clay,
of the whaling schooner Golden City
captured in our harbor on Monday last
an enormous white whale, measuring
sixty-five leet in length, and from which
he feels sure ef " trying ®ut " one hund
red barrels of oil, and getting between
seven and eight hundred pounds of whale
bone. The tongue of this monster of the
deep alone produced five barrels of oil.
The captain thinks this leviathan wilt
net him about $4*000. We have at our
office a smell piece of the bene taken
from the mouth of this whale, which we
will take pleasure in showing to any one
who may call to see it. We are informed
that six more of these ^monsters have
been recently seen in eur harbor.
The Galveston News ou mob law :
The logic of the advocates of systematic
jail-breaking and mob execution involves
radical hostility to the whole constitu
tional ground-work of our criminal juris
prudence. But the logicians are not con
sistent in confining their revolutionary
operations to sporadic cases of raiding
upon jails and hanging untried and un
convicted prisoner«. According to their
theory, the evil is palpably embodied in
courts and lawyers and juries, and the
logical and consistent thing for them to
do, therefore, is to wage war directly
upon courts and lawyers and juries. Let
them purge these away by recognized
processes in the art of lynching, and
ther«! will be no more occasion for mask
ing and for midnight executions. A
howling local communism—or unre
strained mobism, if you prefer the phrase
—will rule in place of general laws and
a Tegular administration of justice.
Clarke county (Ala) Democrat: A
negro man named Dale Tyson, living
near Bashi. in this county, was shot in a
singular manner Borne two weeks ago.
It seems that Dale was acting wizzard,
or imagined that by certain evolutions,
gesticulations or articulations he could
surround his body with a magic armor
that would be entirely impregnableto shot
or ball. The strangest part of the story is
that any one should be wicked enough to
experiment with his imaginary armor.
Two young negro men and a white man
fired a few shots at him without injury,
when one of the negroes fired at him
agaia and shot him down. He lingered
aboui a week and di^d
Foreign Intelligence.
Thekhedive of Egypt is ruining him
self by extravagance. He sustains up
wards of twenty palaces, in which he
supports in Itixnry'tbree " proper wives"
and three hundred women of the harem.
Each of the grown princes of the blood
also has his separate palace and retinue
of servants, and the horses in the stables
of the father and sons are numbered by
hundreds.
Mrs. Abraham Lincoln, the widow of
the late President Lincoln, is living a
secluded life in an interior town in Franc«?,
and declines to return to America lest she
may again be placed in a lunatic as/lum.
It is said that in France she still indulges,
to a moderate extent,jin her propensity
for buying things for whici she has no
use, and filling closets with articles
wholly unnecessary.
The Cuban war seems to have come to
a close. It has lasted now, in a somewhat
spasmodic manner, for ten years. During
that time Spain has seut over 80,000
soldiers, and has expended over $80,
000,000 in the attempt to quell the
revolt. She b-*s finally quelled it, less
by force of arms than by increased wis
dom of administration. The Spanish
government itself has been revolution
ized since the Cuban revolution began,
and reforms have been granted to Cuba,
among which is a promise of representa
tion in the Spanish Cortez. How
substantial these reforms will be remains
to be seen, but not even a Spanish
government will be ready to provose
another Cuban revolt by acts ot palpable
injustice and oppression.
The conditions of the peace between
Russia and Turkey, now duly signed,
while giving Russia all that she an
nounced she would accomplish last April,
and securing to her many territorial ad
vantages, leave England without the
shadow of a casus belli, except that Russia
exists, and, according to British views,
the existence of Russia is a constant
menace to India. The continued military
preparations of England, and her an
nouncement that she would not feel
bound by the decisions of the approach
ing congress, make it appear that Bhe will
provoke a conflict by keeping her fleet off
Constantinople, where it has no right to
be. The position of Hornby in the sea of
Marmora is, in fact, England's declara
tion of war. Finding that she caunot
inveigle Austria into an alliance and that
Russia and Turkey prefer to arrange
their businees in private, England has
chosen to be very sulky and has gone to
cleaning her sword. Of course, if she is
very anxious for a fight, she can secure
one by shelling Constantinople or occu
pying Buyukdeie or Yeni-Koi. It will
be seen, however, that her military pre
parations mean that she will confess to
having been outmaneuvered by Russia,
and will take the spoils suggested long
ago by Nicholas, viz., Crete and Egypt.
—[Courier-Journal.
All Sorts.
A California firm' proposes to can jack
rabbits for the English market.
There are nearly 70,000 cases before
the pension bureau at Washington,
awaiting action.
The Gentiles of Utah still have hopes
that they will secure the expulsion of
Delegate Cannon from the house because
of his polygamous practices.
A boy of fifteen and a girl of fourteen
were married with the approval of their
parents in Russellville, Ky. Then they
were sent off to separate schools for three
years.
The house poBtoffice committee has
•greed to recommend the adoption of a
double stamp return postal card. The
purpose of this is to permit an answer to
be returned on a postal card.
King AHonsohasgiven Queen Mercedes
town composed wholly of diamond« ;
gowns costing altogether about $35,
000 ; also mantillas at $2,000 apiece. A
mantle wom by the queen at the state
dinner on the wedding day cost $15,000.
The plates for printing the notes of
nearly three hundred defunct rmtin n n i
banks, which have accumulated at the
treasury department, are to be melted
down in one of the furnaces in the
Washington navy-yard, in the presence
of a commission of prominent gentlemen.
Savannah News : The meeting of citi
zens of Jacksonville, Florida, which has
extended an invitation to Capt. Eads, of
jetty fame, to visit the St. John's river
bar, has requested and authorized the
city coupcil to appropriate one thousand
dollars to pay the expenses ot Capt. H frd g
in the contemplated vkdt of inspection.
Sister St. Charles, of the Umüipe
Convent, in Brown county, Ohio, died
on Saturday. She was a daughter of
Gen. A. S. Roaecranz, one of the moot
noted Ohio ^generate in the late war, who
is now a resident of California. She had
been an inmate of the institution for a
number of years.
WEARY.
The following poem is from a reprint of a volum 1
of Mrs. Browning's early poetry, pub ished in 1826
when ehe was between sixteen and seventeen year?
of age
Mine of es are weaiy of conveying
The fairest things too soon decaying ;
Mine ears are -weary of receiving
The kindest words—oh, past believing :
Wesry my bone, of ebb and flow ;
W eary my pulse, of tunes of woe ;
My trusting heait is weariest !
I would—I would I were at restl
For me can earth refuse to fade?
l"or me can words bi faithful made ?
Will my erobitter'd hope be sweet'
M v pulse forego the human beat?
Nö I Darkness must consume mine eye
-ilence, mine ear—hope cease-pulse die—
And o'er mine heart a stone be nressd—
Or vain this—" Would X were at rest !"
There is a land of rest deferr'd :
Nor eve hath seen, ner ear hath h'ard,
Nor Hope hath trod the precinct o'er ;
y or hope beh Id is bops no more!
There human pulse forgets its tone—
'I here hearts may fci.ow as they »re known !
O, for dove's wingB, thou dweiliug blest,
To fly to thee, and be at rest 1
Hunting for an Ideal.
" No girl will ever have a chance to
marry me for my money. I'll tske good
care of that. When I wed there shall
be nothing but the most disinterested
affection thrown into the scales—no ideas
of a grand home and carriages and opera
boxes and fashionable parties and rich
dresses and diamonds, and all that sort of
thirg." And Charley Marshall tossed
his half-finished cigar out of the window,
and added, with emphasis: "No! the
girl I mske my wife will have to love me
for in/self alone—take me without the
slightest idea of future ease ; be content
with the anticipation of ' love in a cot
tage,' and the prospect of having to prove
a 'help-meet' in fact as well asii name."
" That is, cook, sweep, wash dishes,
scrub the floors, and all other drudgery,"
added Fred Tryan, with a peculiarly ex
pressive whistle.
" Certainly. That's just what I mean."
'• And you expect to find such a girl
in this beflounced, bediamond age,
Charley ? "
" Why not?"
" I thought they had all died out with
our grand mothers. Matrimony nowa
days is a very different thing from a
century ago. The homespun age has
given place to one of satin-work and
frivolty. It's a mighty hazardous un
dertaking to marry. Women are daily
driving poor fellows to bankruptcy and
the dogs ; and the salary that a few years
since would have been ample for house
hold expenses wouldn't now pay the
rent."
" You are cynical, Fred."
"A trifle, perhaps ; but that doesn't
alter the facts of the case. It is different
with you who 'have plenty—are one of
the 'bloated bondholders.' How I wish
I was ! But what in the name of com
mon sense would I de getting married
with only a couple of thousand a year ? "
" Do well enough if you marry the
right kind of a woman, and train her
properly in the beginning."
" As how ?" with a dubious smile.
"As I intend to do. I have told you
that no one shall marry me for money.
The girl shall consider me poor—look
upon her future in that light—and after
the ceremony I shall take her to a plain
country home and test her well before
revealing that her lot is to be otherwise."
" What if she rebels ?"
" No danger of that. With my fore
thought I shall not be likely to be de
ceived."
" But if, after your chrysalis puts on
the gorgeous garments of the butterfly,
what if she should spread her wings and
revel in the surrounding splendor? In
other words, what if the uplifting from
poverty to riches should make her giddy
and wild ? The change from a country
girl to a city belle is very great, and has
turned the head of many an one."
'• Granted ; but I shall guard against
such a thing."
" Educate her up ! " laughed Fred.
" Well, I wish you success. But where
do you expect to find such a paragon of
loveliness (for with your aesthetic tastes
you would never marry any but% beau
tiful woman) and good sense and pro
nounced character? Certainly not in
the city ? "
" I can scarcely indorse such a sweep
ing denunciation. Yet I intend to look
about in the country."
" Among the green valleys and ' forests
primeval' ! I wonder how* Priscilla,' the
meek and loving, would have stood such
an exaltation? and whether 'Miles'
would have believed in [your theory?"
And Fred laughed heartily as he thought
of the stern Puritan captain and his
quaint idea of courtship—his
Steady, straightforward and strong, with ir
resistible logic :
Orthodox, flashing conviction right into the
hearts of the heathen.
" You can make merry as much as
you please," answered his friend ; " but
this is no idle whim of mine. I have re
flected upon it long, perfected my plan,
and intend to carry it out to the very
letter."
" Bon voyage, then, and I hope you
will not meet with shipwreck. But
promise me one thing."
" If it is within reason."
"That you will train your rustic di
vinity to love cigars, so that I may come
and see yon sometimes, sit with my legs
under your mahogany, have a good old
fashioned smoke, and gaze upon the de
licious wonder of the nineteenth cen
tury 1"
" You will be welcome at any time."
" One thing more: Have it one of the
marriage vows, Charley, that the di
vinity shall never eat Jonions ! " And
Fred Tryaa departed laughing, though
not until he had promised faithfully
keep the plans of his friend a profound
secret.
The proposed delusion in his marriage
(whenever it should occur) had become
a pet scheme with Marshall. He had
given it much thought, and flattered
himself there could be no miscarriage.
Certainly if a girl loved him as abe
ought, she would be content to dwell
with him in an humble abode and min
ister to his comfort.
In fact, his " castle in Spain " was al
ready built—everything perfect except
ing the perfect woman who was to be
come the satin of the inner shrine. She
was yet to be found, and he resolved to
no longer delay. Mad it not been for the
conversation with his friend, he would
have continued dreaming as before, for
he was naturally dilatory. But the only
half-hidden.sneers of his friend had stung
deeper than he had at first been awate
and roused him to immediate action.
" I will commence my search to-mor
row," he said resolutely ; " and before a
year has passed will show Mr. Fred Tryan
and the rest of mankind a model wife
one whose only love is her husband ; who
accepted poverty with him, and when
given riches and position and influence
was not unduly exalted. He quoted j
Miles Standish. So can I, and to the
purpose ; for I shall astonish his critical
eyes with
The skv was all blushes, the earth was all
bliss,
And the prayer of each heart: "Be the end
ing like this."
" Aha I Mr. Fred ! I think I shall
have you upon the hip then."
A few days enabled Marshall to finally
arrange all his matters to his satisfaction,
and he disappeared from the city, no one
but his friend knowing whither he had
gone ; even his own family little dream
ing that he had set out upon such a
Quixotic mission — had indeed under
taken to find a perfect woman.
Partially disguised, and under an as
sumed name, he journeyed hither and
thither, looking for the thornless rose,
the diamond without a flaw, the pearl
without a speck. But disappointment
met him at every turn. Girls of all
kinds, golden, auburn and raven-haired (
arose before him like daisies in the
meadow—a perfect bouquet of loveliness.
But alas! there was an indescribable
something lacking—the rare combination
of mind and physical proportion that was
to insure him happiness, make the humble
and wealthy home alike happy—to stand
the severe test of both poverty and
riches.
Any ordinary mortal would have been
satisfied with the choice offered ; could
from out such a bevy of beauty have
selected scores that would indeed have
been " a jewel in the crown of her hus
band." But he was very hard to please
His ideal was altogether too high for
human nature to fill. At least he found
none that satisfied him, and, after a long
search, was about to return home, rest,
and take a new departure for foreign
laads, when accident caused him to be
delayed in the picturesque little village
of Ferndell.
The breaking down of the stage landed
him, in the midst ef a violent storm, in
front of a large farmhouse, the surround
ings of which indicated unusual thrift.
"Who lives heie?" he asked of the
driver, who had informed him that it
would be some hours before they could
proceed.
" Zenas Partridge, one of the richest
men in the county," was answered.
"I shall have to trespass upon his
hospitality. Anything would be better
than remaining in this miserable old
conveyance, through the roof of which
the water passes like a sieve."
" Yes, it is a better dry-weather stage,"
laughed the driver. " But go right in.
'Squire Partridge will be glad to see you.
He is one of the most friendly kind ef
»en. Besides," and the laugh grew
broader, ''there's the prettiest kind of a
girl in there, and I guess the time won't
htng very heavy on your hands."
■ " A pretty girl ! " and Marshall looked
dismayed ut his wet and mud-splashed
waidrobe.
"That ain't nothing," replied the
friendly Jehu, reading the expression 0 f
his face. " She ain't one of the stuck
up kind, but just as good and clever as
she is handsome."
Thinking what a foel he was to have
been standing even thus long in the rain,
Marshall made bis way through the
closely-mowed and clean-kept door-yard,
along the path fringed with flowers, and
knocked at the door. It was opened
with little delay, though his quick ear
caught the rustle ef feminine skirts, and
he was satisfied he had already been in
spected, and most probably by the
"pretty girl" herself.
•' Walk in—walk right in," was the
welcome he received, and the broad palm
of Zenas Partridge closed upon his own,
and emphasized the hospitable reception
" Thank you sir. I shall be gratefuj
W shelter for a time—until the stage is
repaired," replied Marshall.
" And that won't be to-night," said
his host. "They are slower than mo
lasses in a cold cellar on a January morn
ing."
■"But I can not think of trespasing
upon your kindness for so long a time,
sir."
"There, there! Don't mention it.
My wife and Lena will be only too hap
py to have your company."
" Lena—your daughter?"
"No; haven't chick or child in the
world. Lena—Eleanor is the right name
—is a neice, and Well, you'll
have a chance to see for yourself."
Eleanor Rivington, as she appeared at
the supper-table, was nearer the beau
ideal of Marshall than any he had ever
seen. She was a sparkling beauty, could
not have been called either brunette or
blende, but partook of the best charac
teristics of both ; was a happy, medium
type, fair, not tall in height, and of well
rounded proportions/with dainty feet
and hands, the latter just tinged enough
with labor to show that she was not un
familiar with it. Her eyes were of a
peculiar soft grayish hazel ; her hair a
mass of golden braids; her lips delicate
cleft, and red as the ripe clover-blossm ;
her nose and chin exquisitely cut, and
there was the charm of perfectly graceful,
lady-like self-possession and culture in
her movements, albeit her dress was of
the simplest in texture and fashion.
To say that Marshall was delighted
with the vision was simply less than the
truth. And he found, as the evening
passed, that her mind was well stared by
reading; that she possessed a rich and
trained voice, and played and sang in a
manner he had seldom heard equaled.
In fact she grew in his dreams to be the
paragon of loveliness and worth he had
so often pictured ; and when detained
the next day he poured out (by letter)
to his friend Fred Tryan a glowing de
scription, and predicted that at last the
spotless pearl he had so long been in
search of had been found.
It Cupid had made especial terms with
Jupiter Pluvius the matter could not
have been better arranged. Such a storm
as raged had not been known even by
tbat ubiquitous individual, " the oldest
inhabitant." Streams were flooded, and
bridges carried away, and all travel stop
ped. The old stage still remained un
repaired by the wayside, and Marshall
was kept within doors, feasting upon
delicacies, and passiug'the time reading
to Lena, and hearing her sing, or con
versing with her.
And naturally, as they became ac
quainted, they talked to themselves,
and he hinted at his peculiar ideas with
regard to married life ; that when he
married the beginning would be in a
small way—an humble home; and that,
while he was willing to toil for the
woman he loved, it might be necessary
for her to take up her share ot the
burdens.
The beautiful girl met him half way
—did not seem averse to "love in a cot
tage," seemed to consider it would be a
pleasure to contribute to' the making of
a home ; and some dainty dishes from
her own fail hands were proof positive
to him that she was versed in the cul
inary art.
The storm ceased at last and they
parted. No words of love had been
spoksn, but the touch of hands and the
glancing of eyes and the tell-tale blood
had given full promise of what would be,
even as the rosy tints of morning tell of
the golden glory of noonday. Of what
Marshall thought, his words to Tryan
told the entire story.
" She is as beautiful and good as an
angel, Fred. The most perfect being
both in mind and body."
" And will cook your pork and beans
and do up your shirts with smiles ?" was
the quizzical question,
" Without doubt. Oh, such dishes as
she can prepare ! They are focd for the
gods."
" Apples of the Hesperides, sweetened
with nectar and ambrosia ! But of course
she knows of your wealth ?"
" Has not an inkling. In fact she does
not even know mv name—thinks it is
Charley Marsh, and that I have to de
pend upon business for a livelihood."
" The name of the goddess, Charley?"
" Eleanor Riverton."
'• Ah ! A romantic name. When io
she to change it?"
" That is undecided as yet. I have
not even whispered of my devotion."
" But intend to do so very soon ?"
At the earliest practicable moment."
With such a commencement as had
been made the growth of love could not
have been otherwise than rapid. The
visits of Marshall to Ferndell grew fre
quent, became more and more lengthy ;
and, one evening when the moon sailed
as a silver boat over the slightest waves
of clouds, the fond vows were whispered,
and two hearts pledged to beat as one
for all time ; soft hand was clasped in
broader palm, and burning lips were
pressed to lips in the first lone", passion
ate kiss Of betrothal.
Fred Tryan laughed a cynical laugh
when he heard of the engagement.
Something in the matter seemed to
amuse him very much. Yet he con
gratulated his friend warmly upon his
choice, and wished him all the happiness
he anticipated. *
And for once love seemed to run a
broad, deep, untroubled river, with noth
ing to mar the smoothness cf its course.
The wedding-day was a glorious one,
golden with sunshine, with only rosy
clouds ; without even the slightest pre
monition of future storms ; a day of per
feet June, when
" She, the Puritan girl, in the solitude of the
forest,
Making the humble house and the modest
apparel o( homespun
Beautiful with her beauty, and rich with the
wealth of her being.
The wedding feast finished, Marshall
took his bride in the conveyance he had
provided, and carried her to what he led
her to believe was her future home. The
journey ended, they stopped at a small
cottage in the outskirts of a manufactur
ing town. It was scarcely more than
comfortably furnished, the surroundings
not attaractive, and only such as a bride
in the most humble circumstances would
have been contented with.
But the young wife took up her lot
cheerfully. She went around sineing
all the day long, brightening up every
room with tasteful womanly touches—
always had meals ready upon the return
of her husband—and seemed to enjoy
what well might have been called "play,
ing at housekeeping" ; and even objected
when her husband proposed to employ a
girl to do the drudgery.
But if it was fun for her it was'not for
him. He had nothing |to do. and soon
grew tired of "loafing" around the little
village, killing time, so as to make his
wife *believe he was hard at work. The
months he had intended to be passed in
this manner dwindled into two short
weeks. Hecouldendure.it no longer;
and, having made the necessary prepara
tions (through his friend Fred Tryan),
he determined to move to the [city and
his true sphere in life.
Money smoothes most ways as it did
bis, and a few days later he escorted his
bride into a " brown stone front,'-' exquis
itely furnished, told Lena it was hers,
and that he had deceived her, as he was
rich.
" No, Ch8riey," she answered, with
rippliDg laughter. " No, Charley, dear,
you have been simply deceiving your
self. I knew you all the time. My
cousin, Fred Tryan, had pointed you
out to me, and told me all about you."
" The deu "
"Hush!" and she kissed him into
silence. " But I won't make you any
the less a good wife, dear."
She hasn't, though she has cuted him
of many foolish notions of mortals being
prefect ; and he has learned to rejoice
that his Quixotic quest resulted so well
and happily, when the chances were as a
thousand to one against anything b u
disappointment.—[W. H. Bushneil.
THE PEACE TREATY.
A Synopsis of the Twenty-Nine Articles Agreed
Upon by the Eastern Belligerents as
the " Preliminaiies of Peace
The Indemnity Details
Post oned.
The treaty bears the title, "Prelimi
naries of Peace," and contains twenty
nine articles. The opening articles relate
to Montenegro, Servia, and Bulgaria.
The indemnity is fixed at fourteen hun
dred and ten million roubles, but eleven
hundred and ten millions are covered by
territories. Nothing is fixed concerning
the terms and period of payment of the
three hundred and ten million. No
guarantee is stipulated, nor is there
mention of the Egyptian or Bulgarian
tributaries, or the Turkish fleet. The
treaty simply states that Russia and
Turkey shall agree subsequently about
payment. Pierott remains, but in the
limits of Bulgaria. . Servia includes
Sienitza, Novibazer, and Vranja. Mor
henegro includes Artivari, ppuz and
Nicsics. All the Bulgarian fortresses are
to be razed an J the Turkish troops with
drawn. A military read will be estab
lished for the Ottoman posts, and tele
graph, and the passage of troops, which,
however, must not make any considerable
halt while passing through the country.
The Mussulmans may return to Bulgaria.
Any property of Mussulmans who have
not returned, which they leave undis
posed of, will be sold, after two years, for
the benefit of the widows' and orphans'
fund. The arrears of taxes in Bosnia and
Herzegovina are to be remitted. The rev
enue until 1880 is to be applied to indem
nity for sufferers by the insurrection, and
to provide for local needs. Austrian and
Russian commissioners will arbitrate in
all disputed claims. The navigation of
the straits is declared free for merchant
vessels during peace or war. Six divis
ions of Russian infantry and two of
cavalry will occupy Bulgaria until the
formation of the Bulgarian militia, the
strength of which shall bs fixed later by
Russia and Turkey. The Russian army
of occupation will preserve its commu
nications, both through Roumania and
the Black sea. The expenses of Russian
occupation are to be borue by Bulgaria.
Roumania is author'zed to make her
demands for indemnity direct to the
porte, and make a direct treaty. No
indemnity is stipulated for Servia
or Montenegro. Russian, Turkish and
Bulgarian commissioner« will determine
the Bulgarian tribute The refotm pro
gramme of Constantinople will be applied
to Bosnia and Herzegovina. An organ
ization similar to that granted to Cretejis
stipulated for Thessala and Epirus. No
mention is made of Greece or Crete.
Batoum, Ardahan, Kars and Bavazid are
ceded to Russia. Erzeroum and Trebi
zond are not mentioned, except that the
Russians may embark at Trebizond on
their return home. Asiatic Turkey is to
be evacuated iu six months, and the
evacuation of European Turkey is to
begin immediately and become accom
plished within three months. The
European Danube commission retain
its former rights. The porte undertakes
the expense of re-establishing naviga
tion on the Danube and indemnifying
private losses, the amounts of which are
to be deducted by the Danube commis
sion irom the sums it owes the port«.
Russia receives Dobrudscha to exchange
it for Bessarabia. The question of the
Turco Persian frontier shall be speedily
settled. The treaty is to be ratified
within fifteen days, but its provisions
become obligatory immediately. Noth
ing is said about a ratification by con
gress nor ths capitulations, nor of a
Russian-Turkish alliance. The details
about the payment of indemnity, which
were to have teen arranged at San Ste
fano, have been postponed, and the nego
tiators have arrived at Constantinople.
Artesian Wells.
Artesian wells number 1,000 in Cali
fornia, Of these three hundred are in
Santa Clara valley, fifty miles from San
Francisco. Most of them overflow the
surface, and the tubes average seven
inches in diame'ter. The local resources
of artesian water are now mapped out.
Under the valley runs a broad river,
coming from the great lakes of the Sier
ras, two hundred mijes off. The pressure
from 6,000 feet elevation suffices to throw
the water above the surface. The depth
of the bore runs from one hundred and
fifty to two hundred and fifty feet.
Outside the boundaries of this subterra
nean river—several miles wide—no depth
of boring has struck artesian water.
There is reason to believe that every
valley in the state has an underground
rirer, leading direct from the same lakes,
and lying below the superficial currents
that have no direct connection with any
elevated re servoirs
A basnful young man applied to his
village paper for information on the im
portant subject, " How to win a woman's
love." The reply was, " Kiss the babies
caress the tomcat, and pay strict atten
tion to the old lady."
GRAVE AND GAY.
The Opera Box.
Well, we're here in good time, alter all, rr>« ;
How glad I am pa tcok a boi I
See, there'« Mrs. Jones, in blue velvet —
Bo handsome; 1 dote on blue to*.
Don't you think that the troupe muet [eel Battered?
The nouse is just crammed - such a crowd I
Thero's the count in the balcony- look, Katel
Just across from us-quick, dear!—he liowed.
Throw your cape back, ma, over your shoulder,
Carelessly, so the lining will show.
There's Fanny Duval wit» her husband—
They're newspaper j>sopIe, you know.
He <4 does the dramatic " or something.
She told me ; th( y go evervwhere;
That's one of her last winter's uressef—
Made over—quite well, I declare.
How these singers do dress ! my! wlist lecf»
Those diamonds are perfectly grand !
Please lend me your opera-glares -
I left mine at heme on the stand.
Ma, I wish you would shut your libretto;
It's shoddy to stick to it so
Looka like you wen rrt u'ed to the opera :
Can t you read It at home when we go v
There, Charlie Van Zandt and his cousin.
Young Ruyter, are coming this way.
Kate, shake out your train, it's a'l doubled.
Ma, where did you put my bouquet ?
That's " Miserere " they are playing ,
It makes me feel awfully sad.
They played It at poor Ned May's funeral,
You know. What's It, n<a-Mrs. Ladd .
Oh yéf, l forgot her reception ;
She'll expect us. What lime is it, Kate ''
ilalf-past ten ? Very well, there's no hurry 7
It's stylish, you know, to be late.
. Ben Wade left no will. He was
'■ worth " from $75,000 to $100,000.
. .The only safe way to keej) a diary is
to put it in the stove, and this is the time
to do it.
. .Pharaoh's heart was hard, but it
was pulp in comparison with a paste
brush that has laid on the floor over"
eight."
. .A new a^ng is called " Always Keep
a Smile for Mother/' Some young men
will drink every drop that is in the
bottle without giving a thought to their
parents.
.. A doctor's wife tried Mie persuasive
effect ol tears. " Wife," said he, " tears
are ueeless. I have analyzed them. They
contain a little phosphate of lime, some
chloride of sodium, and water."
..Colorado giants whould be planted
early in the spring, in rows about two
pestoffices apart. They should be trans
planted in August, when college profes
sors are oir vacation.—[New Orleans Pic
ayune.
.."I was not aware that you knew
him," said Tom Smith to an Irish friend,
the other day. " Kuow him," said he, in
a tone which comprehended the knowl
edge ot more than one life, " 1 knew
him when his father was a boy."
.Now that the telephone makes it
possible for sounds to be canned the same
as beef, milk, lobsters, Iruit, etc., mis
sionary sermons can be bottled and sent
to the South sea islands ready for the
table instead of the missionary himself.
.. A minister was once engaged to
preach to his Sunday-school, but after
the little people were all plsced before
him in order, he told them that some of
them might be weary and want to go
out before he had finished, so he would
rather have any who fancied they would
like to go, to do so uow, and then no one
would be disturbed. For a moment all
sat still ; then one little fellow got his
hat and went down the aisle ; another
and another followed, until not a child
was left.
..Writing of those who scrawl the."
names in Egypt, John Russell Youiij.
says ; " The greatest donkey of the tribe
—the monumental donkey of the age
is 'Powell Tucker,' of New York. If
Powell Tucker reads these lines he will
learn that his name is the theme of re
peated execrations throughout Egypt
Powell, as the story goes, did not content
himself with carving his name on the
walls—that, perhaps, would have been
too much trouble. So be carried a sailor
with him, and this «ailor had a pot of
black paint and a brush. Whenever
Powell came to a monument the sailor
painted in large black letters, ' Powell
Tucker, New York, 1870.' Sometimes it
is only ' P. T.,' but the tracks are here
and there all over Egypt. The authorities
in charge of the antiquities have tried to
rub out this and other marks of vandal -
ism, hut Powell's sailor painted deep."
The Search for the North Pole.
At a recent meeting of the American
geographical society in New York, Capt.
Howgate repeated his colonization plans
for the complete exploration of the polar
district, and affirmed his determination
to use every aid to be derived from
scientific sources in his expedition. He
will not only establish colonies with
ample supplies of food and clothing,
drugs and apparatus for preserving hu
man life in a clime in which mercury
freezes, but will connect the colonies
with telegraph wires and telephones.
More than this, he will prosecute his
Arctic trip with the assistanceof balloons,
having an experienced French a;ronaut,
recommended by the Paris geographical
aociety engaged For these aerial experi
ments. To save telegraph poles, he
gpoke of the new copper telegraph
wire which carries a current
without insulation, and can be
atretched carelessly on the dry enow and
ice of the Arctics without support and
yet be successfully worked, as proved by
late tests.
This subject o! Arctic exploration, so
interesting to the attendants on the New
York meeting, is equally ascinating to
hundreds o< thousands outside, and,
while few are as sanguine of advanced
results from the newly organized explor
ng expeditions as are the participants
themselves, it is most satisfying to be
cermitted to knew that so much of earn
nestness, enterprise and common sense
are associated with the plans.
In addition to the Howgate expedi
tion, which will probably reed ve $50,000
from the United States government,
there will be in the Arctic field the com
ing- summer government expeditions
from England, Holland, Germany and
Russia, besides a few private enterprises
like the Barry expedition at pie^ent
forming in the ea*t.

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