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ST. LANDBV DEMOCRAT.
Official Journal of (lie Parish of St. Landry. AUSTIN D. WILLIAMS, Publisher. TERMS FOR SUBSCRIPTION : Two D oixaiis a year, in adrance. The year can lie begun at any time, as fifty-two numbers of the paper make a year's subscription. OPELOl'SAS, SATCUDAT, JIXV 81. 1^80. ' In I'rovideuce we trust"—everybody else cash Democratic Ticket m winpjelo s.hancock WILLIAM H.ENCUSH For President : W. 8. HANCOCK, Of Pennsylvania.' Vor Vice President : W. Ii. ENGLISH, Of Indiana. —Nothing can intimidate me from doing what I believe to be honest and right— ! W infiéli » S. H ancock. The health of Opelousas and surround ing country was never knowu to be better than it is at this season of the year. With good crops, and good busi ness, everything will brighten up cousi erably. Postponed .—The tournament which was to take place last Thursday, July 29th, has been postponed on account of unfavorable weather until next Tuesday, August 3d. Invitations for ball good for that day. —The great, principles of American liberty fitill are the lawful inheritance of this people and ever should be.—[ W infield Scott H ancock. Cotton-picking has commenced in real earnest on several plantations on the Ouachita aud lied ltivers. There is no sign of anything of the kind in this section, though this is measurably ac counted for by the abominable spell of wet weather we have experienced for the last six weeks or more. —Power may destroy the forms but not the principles of justice. These will live in spite even of thesword.—[ Wjnfield Scott Hancock. We have had some decided improve ment in the weather since our last issue. It used to be one shower per day, but bow we have as many as three or four drenching ones each day. Either the ilood gates of heaven are badly swung, or the clerk of the weather is on a reg ular "boom." Judging from the tone of rampant Republican organs throughout the coun try—North, East and West—one would suppose that the soldier element was composed mainly of Republicans. It turns out, however, that the Hancock soldier clubs have at least one-third more members than the Garlield clubs. But this is not all. New and influential converts from the Republican party are constantly Hocking over to the support of the Democratic presidential ticket, and if this thing goes on up to the time of the election, at anything approxima ting the same rate it has been going on since the nominations have been made, but lew, if any, States at all will go for Garfield and Arthur. Immigrants from Central Mssis SlPPi.— A party of seven gentlemen all practical farmers—arrived here a few days ago from Kosciusco, Attala county, Miss., for the purpose of examining our country, with a view of purchasing lauds and locating among us. They represent to us that several more of their friends contemplate doing the sam^thing shortly. We hope our peo ple will extend to them every courtesy and aid they may require, and inform them where they can find the best lands aud healthiest localities. Their names aie: R. B. Webb; R. G. McAffee and sou; Emmit Kelly ; W. F. Suddeth ; Van Shelley; Sam. Miller. —The right of trial by jury, the habeas corpus, the liberty of the press, the freedom of speech, the natural rights of persons and the right.**, of property must be preserved.—[ W infield S cott llàNCOCK. The Williamsport (Penn.) Banner ob serves that it is peculiarly unfortunate that leading Republican papers so far forget their fealty to the party as to express the truth concerning the crimi nal acts of Gen. Garfield, acts that all the whitewashing of partisan workers on the press, rostrum or iu private con versation cannot expunge. A promi nent fact worthy of especial considera tion is this, that all the charges against Garfield emanate from Republican sources, and they remain as yet, and ■will likely remain to the end, undenied and uncontradicted. This accounts for the vast number of desertions from the Republican side. Honest Republicans are wheeling out of their old party ranks, aud are coming over to Hancock, not because they have lost faith in the rectitude of their political convictions, but because they cannot and will not support a man whom they know to be tainted with criminality. —The true and proj>er use of the military power, besides defending the national honor against foreign nations, is to uphold the laws and civil government and to secure to every person residing among us the enjoyment of life, liberty iuid property.—lWuau;u> Swn H a.v fiock. 01 « VOL. III. OPELOUSAS, LA., SATURDAY, JULY 31, 1880. NUMBER m The Railroad. In another column we print a very interesting article from the New Or leans Picayune touching the progress and extension of the Morgan road from Vermiliouville onward to Opelousas and Alexandria. The main facts em bodied in the Picayune's statement come directly from Mr. Pandely, the manag ing magnet of this branch of the road, and may be relied upon as correct in every particular. In this connection we will impart to our readers the additional information that a construction train reached Darby's Wednesday evening—a point directly abreast of Grand Coteau— and that one of our prominent citizens has been in formed by the contractor that the lîayou Bourbeux (8 miles from Opelou sas) will be reached by Saturday (to day.) Notwithstanding the continuous and incessant rains we have experienced for the past fortnight, the work has been steadily progressing at the rate of three-quarters of a mile per day. This fact removes all doubt of its completion to this place in a shorter time than that specified in the contract. Let us all rejoice. A Press Convention. Several of our country exchanges in this State are urging the propriety of holding a press convention at some early day not yet definitely fixed upon, but do not specify their reason for such a convention. For our part we would gladly join in the movement, if we thought that any good would result therefrom. What is expected to be accomplished Is it for the purposo of coming to a mutual understanding in regard to the price of subscription, ad vertising, job work, etc ? If so, we are heartily with them ; if not, we are op posed to anything of the kind. Many years ago we attended what is called " a press convention," under the assurance that the same would result beneficially to publishers and proprie tors of newspapers throughout the State. We were terribly disappointed. Not the first thiug was done in that direction. There was a large attendance of mem bers of the press, but all their delibera tions aud pow-wows ended in smoke. Ifauything, the printing business lias been in a state of decadence ever since, and growing from bad to worse. Out of about MX) country printing offices in the State, no .two of them charge the same price for the same kind of labor, whilst their expenses are nearly about the same. One office will charge §1.50 a square for advertisements, another one-half that price, and some other even so low as one-third or fifty cents a square! The same may be said of job work. Now, if the object is to estab lish a uniform scale of prices, and a resolution adopted to shoot the first publisher who departs therefrom, we promise to go into the thiug cheerfully aud cordially ; otherwise, couut us out. The Forty Day Fast .—Dr. Tanner has entered upon the thirtieth day of his unnatural fast. Up to this time be has lost 27* pounds in weight and six inches in height. Should he be success ful in holding out the full forty days, it is said he will come out an entirely differ ent looking man and will have to get his name changed, as not one of his old friends will b' 1 able to recognize in him the Dr. Tanner of old. Col. Forney, of Pennsylvania, a very high authority, states that his informa. tion assures him that thousands and tens of thousands of Union-loving sol' diers that heretofore supported Repub licans for office, will cast a vote for Gen. Hancock next November. When will the Census enumerators be paid is now a question that puzzles the brain of those lately engaged in that work. Secretary Schurz lias decided that no pay can be expected until an official report of the Census has been made. The question is what is a report 1 Is it not the closing of the work and the forwarding of the returns t^ Washing ton City ? Or is it to mean that the enu merators are to wait for their pay until the report has been made to Congress and adopted ? Evidently Mr. Sliurz is trifling with the men who have labored assidiously in that work and he is in terpreting the law to suit himself and to conform to the fact that " men in high office seldom exercise common justice."—[Marksville Bulletin. Census enumerators need not expect any pay for their services for some time to come. Every dollar that can be kept back by the Hayes administration will be used in furtherance of the Republi can success. Perhaps after the election something may be done toward liqui dating these claims, but before that time the chances are against the poor enumerators. Hydrophobia —A special from Wood ville, Miss., to the N> 0. Times, dated Jply 37th, says t Yesterday evening a eolored boy, ten years old, was bitten by a mad dog. A liorso and several other dogs were also bitten before the dog was killed. Hy drophobia seems to be epidemic among the dogs throughout the county. Many valuable packs of hounds and five point ers have been destroyed. DaSoto Democrat: We are informed by Mr. Jas. Bradford that he bas some cotton openiug on bis farm. Opposed to Holding' Country Terms. One of our Supreme Jiuiges, on his return to New Orleans, was interviewed by a newspaper reporter, upon the sub ject of the recent terms of the court held at Monroe and Opelousas. The Judge said, in substance, that not only himself, but the other Judges also, were very much displeased with these couutry terms, and assigned, among other ob jections, the want of proper law books to enable them to arrive at intelligible decisions, bad hotel accommodations, expensive traveling, etc., etc. He inti mated, in the course of his conversation with the reporter, that the Legislature should abolish the country terms, and make all the appealable cases from the country returnable to New Orleans. Every Supreme Court that Louisiana ever had has kicked against the country terms. And it should be in order, here after, for the Governor of the State, before he makes any appointment of Judges, to ascertain from them person ally if they are opposed to holding country terms. If they are, he should Jet them severe!;/ alone, and select none other than those who are willing to serve the people of the country parishes as well as those of the city. We are aware that the country towns at which the court is held do not otter so much attractions aud facilities as does the city of New Orleans, but, then, that is no valid reason why the whole business of the couutry parishes should be merged into New Orleans. Wheu they accepted the appointments at the hands of the Governor, the Judges knew just exactly the amount of labor they had to perform, and for which they were to be paid, aud all about the in conveniences and privations—either im aginary or real—they would have to encounter in the course of their terms of service. If these labors were too much for them, or too repugnant to them, they should have decliued the appointments tendered them. Others could easily have been found of equal legal abilities to fill the bill. For the Judges, personally and indi vidually, we entertain the highest regard, for we believe each and every one of them honors the position he holds. No Supreme Bench ever made a more favorable impression upon the people of this section than did the present one. But we are free to confess that know ing, as we do, that everything was done here that human engeuuity could devise to promote their personal comfort, and make their short stay among us agree able and pleasant, and that they had free access to the finest law libraries to be found in the State, not excepting New Orleans, we feel astonished and even mortifield to hear of their com plaints. We are not prepared to speak of the accommodations aud treatment they may have received at Monroe, but here at Opelousas, we are certain, they have not one particle of reason upon which to base the slightest complaint. They urge that they had not sufficient room facilities for the proper delibera tions of cases submitted to them. This may be so. But we are puzzled to know how much more room they required when the best half of an entire hotel building was placed at their disposal, and every attention lavished upon them that mortal man could imagine or de vise. Further comment is unnecessary to show tip the real cause that underlies these gratuitous complaints—for it con sists in nothing more nor Jess than an absolute aversion to holding terms of court outside of New Orleans. This is the secret in a nut-shell. Frank and Jesse James .—Hon. J. A. Dacus of St. Louis, the well kuown ed itor and ex-Member of the Missouri Legislature, has written a careftrlly prepared "Life and Adventures of Frank and Jesse James," which has been issued by the well known publish ing house of N. D. Thompson & Co., of that city. Mr. Dacus we are informed, spent two years iu the preparation of this work, much of which time was with the family and friends of the James Boys, whose friendship and confidence he gained, and who gave him all the facts concerning the almost numberless robberies, dashing raids and vengeful murders committed by them during the 80 years of their career in nearly as many Statesand Territories. The book is the most startling record made in history. The careers have no parrallel in the history of highwaymen. Hold and dashing to a degree that seemed reckless to personal danger, yet they have never been apprehended during this long period though rewards to the amount of #75,000 have been ofi'ered for their arrest, dead or alive. The book is sold by subsription, and we are informed by the publishers that 31,000 have been sold in four months. Agents are reap ing a rich harvest with it. We adver tize it in another column. The next election is iu Alabama on the 2d of August. Arkansas follows on tlie 7th ; Vermont on September 7th ; Maine, September 18th ; Georgia on Octoberthe 6th, and Ohio, Indiana and West Virginia, October 14th. There will lie a good deal of interest; about tiio Maine election. Leading Republicans at the North, East, and West are nearly all coming over to the support of Hancock and English. From a Pennsylvania paper which chauccd to find its way here, we noticed nearly a whole column of closely printed matter announcing political changes iu that State alone from the Republican to the Democratic side. Noticing these changes, the Baton Rouge Sugar Planter pertinently re marks: Were we to publish all the changes from Garfield to Hancock or say from the Republican to the Democratic party, with the published reasons for the change, the twenty columns of the Sugar Planter would be weekly filled with no other reading matter. Our political experience of some forty years chronicles no similar movement on pait of the people. It is an uprising of the masses from center to circumference— from one point of the compass to the other—it includes all ranks, all profes sions, all creeds, and we might say all colors—all anxious to change our rul ers, to redeem the government from the disgrace into which it has fallen and to bring back the purer days of the Re public under the lead of the gallant llaiicock, who to-day is the idol of the American people. And they intend to put him into the White House and keep him there until the great work of re generation is accomplished. Gen. A. L. Pearson, of Pittsburg, Penu., has sent in his resignatiou as member of the Union Veterans' Na tional Committee. After elaborately setting lot tli his reasons for withdraw ing his membership, he concludes by saying : "The entire issues that divide the two op posing parties is the issue of hate and usurpa tion en the part of the Republican party, with military dictation at the polls. Against this bad policy tlie Democratic party lias arraigned itself, and has chosen the gallant Gen. \V. a. Hancock, w ho had placed himself squarely on that issue by proclaiming the right of trial by jury, the habeas corpus, the liberty of the press, the freedom of speech, and that the natural rights of persons and the rights ot property must be preserved. " In choosing between these two parties I cannot see how a patriot can blunder. " Nearly every soldier who fought with Han cock to obtain peace will vote with him and for liini to make that peace effective and perma nent. " Entertaining the highest respect for my fellow committeemen, and earnestly hoping that they will view this important matter iu the light that I do, and come to the same con clusion. viz : to vote for Gen. Hancock, "I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant. A, L. P earson. "To Gen. U. S. Grant, chairman of Union Veterans' National Committee. Col E. W. Robertson . — The name of Col. E. W. Robertson will again be pre sented to the Convention of the Sixth Congressional District as a candidate for re-election to Congress—a position which he has ably filled for the past four years. He is decidedly our first choice aud he is the unanimous choice of the people of this parish for re-elec tion, and iu saying this we know where of we speak. There are several other candidates for the same position who will present their claims on the 9th of next mouth, whose merits we are un prepared to speak as they are com paratively strangers to the general voters of the District, although unques tionably good men. Our chief reason for again supporting Col. Robertson is that he has performed his duties faith fully and well in the past, which are the best auguries of what he will do in the future. Congressional learning is not acquired iu a mouth or a year, nor does it come intuitively. It takes long practice to familiarise one with the duties of such a station in public life, and that is the reason why the North has always had such great advantage over the South—their Congressmen are not often changed, unless for good and sufficient cause. Col. Robertson had much to contend with the past four years, as much from his own party as from Iiis political opponents, and bravely has he surmounted all difficulties. If re-elected to the House—and we believe he will be—he will have the advantage of long experience, over many other members ot that body, as it is self-evi dent that great changes will take place in the personnelle ot the next Nation al House of Representatives.—[Baton Rouge Sugar Planter. The above has our cordial indorse ment. No man deserves better of his constituency thau Col. Kobertson. From Natchitoches Register: The Iberville South is opposed to an extra session of our Legislature, and from the extract below, it don't seem to have much confidence in the capacity of our law-makers : " We are opposed to an Extra Session just as we are, and always have been, to any other useless expenditure of the people's money. We sympathize with New Orleaus iu her distress and would like to help the old noble city along, but we have no faith iu the remedy. We believe it to be worse than the disease complained of. The last legisla ture worked fruitlessly on a City Charter ninety days, and we believe that had the session been protracted 90 days more the result would have been about the same." This is an iudorseuient of what we said in a former issue of the Democrat. Rapides Parish .—We clip the sub joined article from the Alexandria Dem ocrat of the '38th. inst : Judge Barbiu presided on Tuesday and Wednesday of last week, at the preliminary tiial of William F. Jackson, charged with the killing of Horace Marshall. The investigation was a thorough and impartial one, the State represented by E. G. Hunter, District Attorney, and the Defendant by W. F. Blackmail, Esq., resulting in the De fendant being required to give bail for his appearance before the District Court in the sum of four thousand dollars. The required bond was readily given and the prisoner discharged. C. C. Dnson, in obedience to the recent decision in his favor of the Su preme Court, has been commissioned sheriff of the Parish of Saint Landry. Hurrah ! Hurrah ! !—[Alexandria Demo crat, The Republicans virtually confess that they are unable to carry the presi dential election in a legal way, when they afford every day unmistakable evidences that tliey intend to resort to their favorite mode of carrying it by fraud. One would think that common prudence would dictate to them the necessity of keeping their plans secret. Hut madness is an incident, of approach ing destruction, according to the adage. Hence they are continually prating of their ability to carry the Democratic State of New Vorlc by taking from the people their right to choose presidential electors and vesting the power in the state Legislature. There can be little doubt that they will resort to such an ex pedient, unless they come to the conclu sion that they would lose more than they would gain by such a high-handed outrage. The intimation that such a plan is contemplated has awakened the Dem ocracy to the necessity of devising the means of circumventing it. Mr. Html, of Ohio, an able constitutional lawyer, takes the ground that such action would violate the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, and that if the whole body of the people of New York should thus be deprived of the right to vote, the whole electoral vote should bo counted out. If the election should be close, it would not avail the Democracy anything to have this vote rejected. It must be counted for the Democratic candidate. A correspondent of the Ht. Louis Republican, in a very ingenious article, takes the ground that there is no warrant in the constitution for an election of electors by the Legislat ure ; that the words "in such manner as the Legislature shall determine," do not give the Legislature the right to assume this duty itself. Perhaps other plausi ble arguments may be found to satisfy the scruples of those m ho would rectify such a great wrong, but who would like to keep both within the letter and spirit of the law, while they are doing it. Hut the Radicals will perhaps find that a Democratic Congress will not be so mealy-mouthed as to the method they shall adopt to secure the inauguration of the man whom a majority of the people shall elect to the Presidency. If a majority of the people of New York vote for Hancock we will gaurautee that the electoral vote of the State will be cast for him. The Republicans can not learu too early that the days of eight to seven commissions, and, there fore, the days of fraudulent elections are about over. No Democrat, there fore, need be discouraged by the fear that his work in this campaign will not bring forth its legitimate fruit because of the fraudulent acts of our opponents. He should the rather be encouraged by the knowledge that the Republicans would throw up the campaign at once if it were not for the hope of a fraudu lent election, the ways and means of which they are openly devising.— [Shr eveport Standard. Hitherto 350,000 was the largest im migration this country ever received in any one year. That was iu 1854. The lowest figure was in 1877, when, under the effect of the panic and general de pression, it fell to 35,000. This year it will probably reach nearly 400,000. I) : K I> : BREWSTER—At Queue Tortue. St. Landry Parish, La., on Thursday, July 15th, 1880, Mrs. A dai.ini; R rewsxek, aged 35 years, 5 months and 23 days. Too good, to pure, you seemed for earth, tied called thee up on high To dwell with holy angels, Far up above the sky,' JIDICIAIi ADVERTISEMIiNTsr ^IlËKIFF'S SALE. DISTRICT COURT, PARISH OF ST. LANDRY, No. 1587. OCTAVE FONTENOT, ADJIR. YS TRE VILLE RIDEAU ET ALS. By virtue of a writ or fieri facias issued out of till) honorable District Court, in and for the parish of St. Landry, in the above entitled suit, and to me directed, I will proceed to sell at publie auction, to the highest bidder, at the Courthouse of said parish, in the town of Opelousas, on SATURDAY, the 4th day of September, 1880, at 11 o'clock a. m .,the following described property, to-wit: All the right, title and interest in a tract of land situated in Plaisance, containing fifty arpents more or less, with all tiie buildings and improvements thereon, beim: the undivided half of said property, bounded north by lands or Hébert Doueet, east by lands of Caieline Joseph, souih by lands of Nelson Lartiguc and west by lands of Louis Bordelon, being the same property purchased by gaid Rideau from Francois Doueet, Sr, Terms—Cash. C. C. DITSON. Aug't 1. Sheriff of the Parish of St. Landry. NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. fVlT R Î! Great chance to malte money. ^ I ' o We need a person in every town to take subscriptions for the largest, cheapest and best illustrated family publication iu the world. Anyone can become a successful agent. Six elegant works of art given free to subscri bers. The price is so low that almost everybody subscribes. One agent reports taking 120 sub scribers in a day. A lady agent reports making over 320U clear profit in ten days. All who en gage make money fast. Yoii can devote all your time to the business, or only your spare time. You need not he away from home over night. You can do it as well as others. Full directions'and terms free. Elegant and expen sive Outfit free. If you want profitable work send us your address at once. It costs nothing to try the business. No one who engages fails tomakegreat pay. Address (ieorge Stinson & Co., Portland, Maine. AGENTS Î HUM Vl'uro" WANTED : A JAMES, The Kotecl Western Outlaws. Bv Hon. J. A. D.\crs, Ph. D. A tree and thrillin'" account (Illustrated) ol their bold operations for 18 years in 20 diflerent States and Terri tories, batlling iletectivesand officials of the law. Best Selling Book of the year, sold in three months. 50 cents for outfit ; #1.30 for sample copy. Liberal Terms to Agents. IV, J). THO-tlPSOS &- CO., Publish«'»-«, 520 Pine St. St. Louis, Mo. T> TT' Éjrjlbusiness now before the public. .I. You can make money faster at work for us than at anythaig'else. Capital not required. We will start you. $12 a day and up wards made at home by the industrious. Men, women, boys and girls wanted everywhere to work for ils . Now is the time. You can devote your whole time totliework, or only your spare moments. No other business will pay you nearly as well. No one willing to work can fail to make enormous pay by engaging at once. Costly outfit and tenus free. A great opportu nity for making money easily and honorably. Address True & Co., Augusta, Maine. fib/»/* a weck i» your own town. $."> Outtit free. No risk. Rouler, if you want a business at which persons of either .sex <;tu make, great pay all the time they work, write for ptuUculurs to H. IluUett&Cu,, PuitUma,Maiue, Take Notice! That this is the ouly Lottery iu any State ever voted on aud endorsed by its people. THE LOUISIANA State Lottery COMPANY This Institution was regularly incorporated by tlie Legislature of the State for Educational andCliari t able purposes in 1808, For the Term of Twenty-rive Years, to which contract tlie inviolable faith of the State is pledged, which pledge has been renewed by an overwhelming popular vote, securing its franchise in the new constitution adopted December 2d, A. 1)., 1879, with a Capital of $1,000,000, to which it lias since added a reserve fund ot $350,000. Its Ciraud Single Number Distribution will take place month ly ou the second Tuesday. It Never Scales or Postpones. LOOK AT THE FOLLOtVlXU DISTHIBUTIOX : At New Orleans Tuesday, August lOlh, 1880. CAPITAL PRIZE, $30,000! 100,000 TICKETS at $2 Eacli. Half Tickets $1. LIST OF PRIZTCS"; 1 CAPITAL PRIZE $30,000 1 do do 10,000 1 do do 5,000 2 PRIZES OF $2,500 5,000 5 do 1,000 5,000 20 do 500 10,000 100 do 100 10,000 200 do 50 10,000 500 do 20 10,000 1000 do 10 10,000 APPROXIMATION PRIZES 9 Approximation Prizes of $300.. 2,700 !) do do 200.. 1,000 0 do do 100.. 900 1,857 Prize«, amounting lo...$110,400 ikp 3 Applications for Agencies or Rates to Clubs should only be made to tlie office at New Orleans. Write, clearly stating full ad dress, for further fuformatiou, or send orders to M. A. DAUPHIN, New Orleans, La. Or to C. M. THOMPSON, Opelousas, La. All our Grand Extraordinary Drawings are under the supervis ion and management of GEN. G. T. BEAUKGAIID of La. GEN. J CBAL A. EARLY, of Va. CAPITAL PRIZE, $100,006 WHOLE TICKETS, S10