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WHAT SORT OF SCHOOL
OUGOT TIE LOUISIANA UNIVERSITY AND AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COL LEU TO B t To the Editor of the Picayune: Before entering upon any un dertaking, it is of the first impor tange that we have clear and dis tineo ideas of what the undertak% lans is, and the means and appli. snosd at hand to attain the end in view. In seeking to apply thb~ trite proposition to the organization of the above mentioned institution, I do not propose to write an exhaus tive essay on the subject, but only to give my ideas, hoping there~yj to provoke others, and especially the planters and farmers of the State, to give theirs, in order that the Board of Supervisors may know the sentiments of the people, and have something to guide them in their difficult task. I know there are those who t wish to regard the new institution t as simply a continnation of the t Louisiana State University; and the Agricultural and Mechanical as a branch of that institution. h This is pardonable, prehaps, in those who have a parental fond. b aess for the university, and who a insist in the blindness of their de votion that the university is not c dead. But I cannot take that view, and shall insist that the bill uni- I( ting the-Louisiana State University is and the Agricultural and Mechan- i ical College of Louisiana, destroy ed the two prc-existing institu tions, and created another, which is to enter upon a new life, and to make a name for itself apart from fa any reputation, either good or bad, which may have attached to eith er of the defunct schools. What w sort of a school then is this new school to be? Is it to be a literary to institution, a so-called university pr added to the list already too lone in of feeble, poorly supported, second ' rate universities sad colleges scat- bu tered all over the land ? Is there any demand in our State for sur h CO an institution ? Is there any neces- th city for establishing another rival clE for those schools in our own State an and neighboring States. which can ko barely keep alive owing to the ma want of patronage and the want of lea money. In my opinion all of these E questions must be answered in the to negative. I do not believe that ner the people of Louisiana feel the tar want of such a school; of a school il which most come before the Legis- the lature at every session to beg for vie an appropriation, which if once withheld, will leave the school in agr the condition of the Louisiana Ear State University. Those of our people who have the means to give app their sons a finished literary educ- bra tion will send them to the old and necd long established colleges and uni- recl versities of other States-while ordi the larger class of our citizens, who the cannot afford the expense of a col- med legiate course, costing from $500 to neec $1000 per annum, must be satisfied to & to see their sons growing up with- suhj out the advantages which might he in tl theirs if this new institution were M organized and conducted for the pres especial benefit of this class of our that people. Louisiana is and must ;e- the h main for ages to come, an agricul- calle tural State. The chief business of Wha her people will be cultivation of ble y the soil. Then why should not her the ( Slate College be so organized and conducted as to fit her people for that employment which must be their life work. If the Agricultural and Mechan ical College is to be henceforth one Sa of the schools ofa great universits. accou why not begin by putting this as m school in operation first, esnecially in his as all the available assets belong- the ed originally to the Agricultural Teml and Mechanical College ? Then, as sinces sufficient funds are acquired, the addit other schools may be organized as above occasion demands. speak No State in the Union presents Mil such an opportunity for the prac. hones tical application of science and ag- able" riculture as qurs does. Here agri- Ohio culture is carried on upon a more in vie extensive andcostly scale than in in thl any other State; and more knowl- pork edge and skill are required in the to the conduct of the sugar planting in- it will terest than is at uresent available the .a anywhere. There is a present de- ing on mand lor meu whose education fits being them to take charge of the manus Sam facture of sugar, now carried on ty, go in so slovenly a manner that but a moul little more than oneshalf of the brain 1 crystalizablo sugar is obtaiucd worse from the cane. When we reflect Randa that a vast amount is invested in Ferc costly machinery which stands idle dignifi nine or ten months in the year, we speake cannot avoid the inquiry. Is there of the not a chance here for the applica- are the tion of science in so conce trating lie. the cane just as to securea dry N. F product to be easily handled, ship- speake pod and stored ip the warehouses rious ca ofthe refiner, whose costly machin ceal thi ery can thus be kept at work all the .year round? Then, there is the important subject of under draining and saving of thousands r AND of acres *now unproductive-as AL coL- open drains. And in connection with drainago there is the question of using the great river which flows through our State in order to irri y un- gate our fields and thus make the por- planter independent of seasons. a dip- These are only a few of the great ertakh andu important subjects needing appli. through study and'scientific inves md in tigation, which would, if not at once, yet soon attract the attention trite of the corps of scientific men whom on of we hope to have as professors in on, T our agricultural college, and whose :baus- work would result in a vast addi only tion to the wealth of the State, do oeret ing for our sugar production what ecial y has been done in Europe by scien f the tific method applied to the beet Sthat root sugar manufactory -the only may rival of cane sugar in the world. opmay I have not touched upon the them great and important problem of renovating the worn out lands' of w the State, counted by millions of n acres, and bringing them back to Sthe their original fertility. This can aud be done economically and certainly I only by scientific agriculture. The lion, haphazard unmethods of ou* day must give way scientific methods, fond and those scientific methods must i who be taught our young farmers in our de- agricultural college. Just as our young doctors are taught medical iew science end art in our medical col new, lege and hospital--and our young C nity lawyers the science and practice of t tan- law in the lecture-room and in the c moot court. The man who doubts 'v- this is a long way behind the ad vanced thinxters of the age both in to Furope and in our own country. from Then, again, when are our voong c bad farmers to learn the science and a aith art of that varied agriculture from i Phat which alone is to come certain wealth to our farmers? We have too long confined ourselves to the li production of two staple crops, and c ione ead to bo taught by the professors u ;ond in any agricultural college that d cat there is wealth in the production of -i butter, and of cheese, as well as in rh cotton and sugar, to say nothing of b' cen the breeding and raising a better B ival class of stock, horses, cattle, sheep cc ate and hogs. Who in our State w can knowe anything correctly of these tb the matters now-and where shall we t of learn quickly and accurately but in rese a school whose chief business it is m the to teach these very things so much Ir hat needed to be known. I think the al the large majority of our people, both oN ool in the city and country, will admit the correctness and wisdom of these for views without further agument. In foe Now, in order to teach scientific dr in agriculture it is absolutely neces- in sin ary to have a farm adjoining the to r furaishea with all the ie appliances adapted to teach this :a. branch of knowledge, just as it is tui nd necessary to have a hospital in con er, irection with a medical schcol in sid ile order to teach the young doctor is ho the art as well as the science of of I- medicine. To have a farm it is to necessary to have money. How ed to get this money shall form the mc I- sulject of another communication mc bo in these columns. tin e May I not ask of the country 1C press to copy this article in order it that the farmers in every part of bi e- the State may have their attention "O called to this important subject. yot ýf What more interesting and profita. the y ble question could be discussed in bo` the Granges of the State ? d R. H. RYLAND, M. D., ro upc THE SPEAKERSHIIP. Cau par flanhigo1ng(o Capital. e Sam Cox would make the most sit accomplished speaker, could lhe have alp. s as much lead in his heels as genius g in his brains-were he a member of ing the Mrs. Rutherford B. Hayes bus 1 Temperance ass., were he a little Of t ssincere-rmoresedate. With a few tie : Sadditional qualities--sich as the and above--he would make a first-class nel speaker. Milton Sayler would make an ou Ihonest, conservative "Old Reli ab'e" sort of speaker. Being from Ohio hurts him with the house, and noraI in view of the prevalence just now, ome in the political market, of Ohio little pork, from the White House down that to the sergearitat-arms of the house, knoW it will hurt a really good man with peril the nation. Only one creqted be. aud ing on earth was ever benefited by thit t being born in a stable. instce Sam Randall would make a shif- well ty, go-to-hell sort of speaker, with norai a mouth full of white teeth and a thii' brain full of subtlety. 'There are tng v worse men, though, than Sam who, Randall. Most of them in jail. who I Fernando Wood would make a lack i dignified, old Tulrveydrop sort of thoug speaker. lHe is an "old Mustache" e o of the empire. though, and these empty are the halcyon days of the repub - lic. N. P. Banks would make a good .11ana speaker if he hadn't that "amysi e wletli rious carriage of the body to con ed.'" ceal the defects of the mind which sir; g< irk all men call dignity." We quote from here is Montaigne, To use slang-to under- which we are averse in discussing usands classics and fine old ruins-Na y "e-as thaniel has played it once and the section people "won't have it again.n nestion Our real choice is Ben Butler, if b flows he will emigrate to Colorado and o irri. raise sheep. instead of staying ;e the around peaceable communities and .asons. raising Cain, as he has been doing great for twenty years. eeding - ionves- MORE FACTS ABOUT CHOLERA lot at MORBUS. ention whom Cholera Morbus is now tray ars in eling through the country, whose ostensibly for its health, but , dd- really in the interest of Sor what row and Suffering. It has scien- been to Oil City, and having beet had a brief but spirited inter only view with it, we desire to ridthe warn the public against it. em of Cholera Morbus doesn't say di'of much. It appreciates the fact us of that actions speak louder than k to a street merchant with a new can kind of glue. It is quiet and The unassuming, and allows its day victim to make all the fuss. hods, It is the champion wrestler of must the world, catch-as-catch-can' a our or any other hold, and as a dical prize fighter is to be avoided. col- It has no respect for the rules oung of the P. R., and will strike ce of below the belt nine times out the of ten. Without a word of 'na warning it will catch a man h in in the stomach, and double Y. him up quicker than the kick )Dog of a mule. If the victim he and a short man, he will roll up from like a dough-nut. If he be have a tall man, he will fly together the like a watch spring. In this and condition he is of no earthly sors use, unless as a worm in a that distillery. A man rolled up m of like .a thread on a spool can't g of be expected to do much work. tter But to hear him groan and veep complain and carry on in one tate way and another, you would iese think he did more hard work t in for 'less wages than any other t is man on the 'ace of the earth. uch In this condition he will do the almost anything. He will roll oth over the floor like a hoop mi snake, to the infinite amuse ment of the neighbors' chil ific dren, who are doubtless peep es- ing through the blinds. And the to hear him yell for the cam phor, cr mustard plasters, the is turpentine, his wife and moth )n er, and all the doctors this in side of the Rocky mountains, tor is enough to move the stones of of Rome to pity. But it w doesn't move the cholera le morbus. Because the cholera on morbus is a stayer. Every t;me the victim yells, say for ry aqua fortis, the cholera mor of bus might be hard to reply : "O, I'll give you aqua fortis, t. you miserable worm!" and a, then it thumps him in the in bowels until he prays for the rocks and hills to tumbled in upon him. He does this be cause he realizes that, com- pared with the cholera mort l bus, the rocks and hills will t sit as lightly upon him as an alpaca coat. There is noth' Sing too mean for cholera mor bus to do. It will take a man e of the build of Carl Schirz, Stie a bow knot in his middle, e and offer to sell him for a Sneck-tie. Avoid it as you would the tax collector. ~Ia.Simple and unpretending ig- two Snorance is always respectable, and rometimes charming; but there is Slittle that more des.rves contempt Sthan the pr'etense o! ignorance to knowledge. 'T'he cure and the perilofthe language in this day, and particularly in this country, is that it is at the meicy of mnien'whlio, instead of being content to use it well according to their bonest ig- * norance, use it ill according to thos their affected knowledge; who. be ing vulgar, would seem elegant, who, being (remply, would seem tull; who make up in pretense what they 3 ( lack in reality, and whose little thoughts, lot off in enormous phra ses sound like fire-crackers in an empty barrel. LE' l.Behind the scenes. Stage Manager- "John, go and see whether the ballets are all dress- and ed."' John returns-'About ready, sir; got most of their clothes off." 1genel from ED. W. thWHITMAN. er, if and Cor. Principal & Levee, Ste., Bayou tying and. sara, La. loing RECEIVING, FORWARDING RA AND ray- CO MMSON Ei3TCH'NY ,try, AND DEALER IN but jor has GROCERIES, PROVISIONS ping AND ter to WST.RN Pa D 7 CE it. say fact AND MANAGER OF TIlE ran WOODVILLE " BAYOU SARA ew xud TELEGRAPH LINE. its 1ss. of ed. iker ° oof )le be 4 ter - Ld .k C _ " G= ly a also proprietor of the tLEE, NATCI IZ KATIE.d two of the best patterns now kI he awy o I hav also pVopnictor of tile those bleautifulns and icsubstatburgal IIILYIONE MPCET. Lc S NMADNUFCUD TIlE CELEBRA TED . in. "Louse. -----0-~-B. Sand(hich ha given such thoseneral beatif and substatlction. I ;eneral aiatistaction. THREE MEDALS AND THREE DIPLOMAe THEIR NEW ROTARY HOOK LOCK--STITCH SEWING MSAQ No THE STANDARD MACHINES OF THE WORLDS COMPARE WHEELER & WILSON'S CENTENNIAL AWARDS WI Bayou AWARDS TO ANY OTHER SEWING MACIIINE COMPi. ROM a TEE OFFPPICIAL .P PORT A WARDS TO WHEELER ,4" W'ILSON: 1. A Modal and Diploma for the "The Now Wheeler & Wilson $ ING chine," for the following reasn. Stitch Sewing Machine, uasnrpo fine workmanship of its par, ing great originality, geat A different kinds of work, both- leathers beauty of stitch,ease of motion, and completeness of dh 2. A Medal and Diploma foi Wheelcr& Wilson SewingMae., ther, for-"BUPERIOR QUA,1, WORK IN LEATHER SE, G~ )NS 3d RE;PORT.·WHEELER £ SE WING MACHINE NEE DD "A superb display of Needle.We_ upon the Wheeler & Wilson 8e" Sine, exquisite in design and 8a lightest gauze to the heaviety ISignatures of Judges.] LEWIS Z. BRg Barney House, Baton Rouge, La., GENERAL Ai East and West Feliciana, Pointe Coupee, Iberville, East & West &O÷ and St. Helena Parishes, or J. B. COLE, Canvasse Bayou Sara, La., or Post Office Building, Baton Roue 0 Needles for all Machines sent by nail at fifty cent dozen. All kinda of Machines repaired. March 3d, 1877-lyear r T- _ GRANDp __ ME ~ WARRANTED FIVE YEARS It requires no Instructions to run it. It can not get o d It will do every :lass and kind of work. It will sew from Tissue Paper to Harnett Leatba It is far in advance of other Sewing Machines in the magnitude of il improvemonts, as a Steam Car xoells in achievements the old faaliloned Stage Coach. Prices Made to Suit the Times, either for Cash or W Send zor Illustrated Catalogue of STYLES and Prieht Address WILSON SEWING MACHINE Chicago, Ill. Now York, N. Y. New Orleans, La. St. Iaf, nI I o poGl.C;~1 payie e StnSe t'tos l v a 1 Ladies Jet Set, Orname e ns o; 1 Gents' Elegant Lake George Diamond ý, W -' -+ Car " go ... . acaSr tin ndEl ant Watc Cino TAaE YOrUra . CHI NTRE OF iOaPIhoru aeCS, SnT oSTr PAI ree n , FO ANY Ire E Yat OUin for h sdealing, and ORlt i0 CnTd bS N iaSy' " ,F. SRED _ Sr F. STOOKMAN, 27 Bon4 Str~ee~t, N.