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PEICIANA SENTINE .
, 2" ST. FRANC1SVILLE, LA., SEPTEIMBER 22, 1877. NO. 13
Sbu raeY at Law,
A COtrtLOf AT LAW,
in the Comrtts eMtMt and
ja.ruerr at Law,
in the Courts of the 5th
J. FO WELL,
AttorneY at Law,
St Francisville, Louisiana.
pirtice in the Parishes of West
Feliciana. and Pointe Connee.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
pusetee in the courts of East and
ciana and the upreme Court of
Atltrney at Law,
-P Francisville, Louisiana.
ee in the Parishes of West
Feliciana. and Pointe Conpee.
-RNEY AT L AW,
o'dthe North side of the public
june 28, '76.--1y
WICKLIFFE. C. L. FISHER
ICKLIFFE & FISHER,
Atterneys at Lsaw,,
St. Franeisville, La.
practice in the Courts of West
SFelicinau. Pointe Couljx+ and
ing Parishes. june'2'76.-ly
I. U. BALL,
HiYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Bayou Sara, Louisiana,
at residence .juno 28, '76..1y.
Dr. E. Green Davis offers
his servies to t the people of
this Iltand adjoiing Parishes.
lersaddressel to him, at his resi
will reei v, proujlt attention.
I will alntend all calls on
the Coast, from Natchez to
New Orleans; also the back
y, when :tcee'sable with a buggy.
nis wishing lny services, can pro
SmuneI, by addlresing me, at my
D. STOCKING, D. D. S.,
,'7i.-ly. St. Francisville, La
Sun Street, Bayou Sara, La.,
Goals, Groceries, Confections, To
Wines and Liquors.
ROM I.P TIA L,
At L. Vresintsky's old stand,]
HRueon Sara. La.,
0ONABLE BOOT & SHOE MAKER
tfully solicits a share of the pub
lasgo and guarantees satisfaction
,er of Camp and Coanason s'reets,
New Orleans. La.
IMFORD & WATSON.
ARD,-Two dollars and fifty
day. june 28,76-1y.
Bayou Sara, Louisiana,
i5ALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN
ries. Provisions, Western
Nce and General Plan
OMMISSION MARCH ANT
BAYOU SARA, LA.
anbe procured by the day, week
, and at reasonable rates. In
asin the past, the table will
swith the very best fare the
f•ords. Elegant and well fur
ome0. Accommodating servants
y in attendance. Patronage so
aid tisfaotion guaranteed.
PSFeYAN & CO.,
,fthe Road, St. Francisville, La.
ttore Steam Cotton Gin
end Baetll Dealers in
asgoods, generaldry goods,
rcultral', provisions, hay,
ul mplements, bag
eand a generl asowtmpent
btla and glast ware,
tmaket pAee paid Fw cot
te Sentin~ omca,
St. Francisvillo La.,
FASHIONABLE BOOT& SHOE MAKER
St. Francisville, La.
Carweater ald U udertaker,
Will-give prompt attention to all busi
ness in his line in this andadjoining Par
ishes. June 2 '76.-ly
TO THE PUBLIC.
Ti WtsM PhrtaILA, Juane 16 1877.
To parties livig in West nelicisua
who s. all at any time desire my profes
l nal earvices I would respecttflly an
nwjmce, that they have but to address
me at St. Cla de, Waterloo, in care of
messrs. Edwin Vigne, or R. Pi'ourciaux.
All calls from the citizens of this Par
ish so addressed will receive prompt at
tention and response.
P. G. A. KAUFMANN, M D.. .
pICARD & WElL,
Bayou Sara, La.,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
'ANCY DRY GOODS,
GROCERIES AND PLANTATION SUP
to 'Highest market price paid for cot
Adjoining Post Office,
Foot of the Hill, St. Francieville, La.,
Retail Dealer In
DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, HATS, CAPS,
Boots and Shoes, Glass and Wooden
Ware, Tin ware, Familyand Fan
cy Groceries, Western Pro
FURNITURE AND SHINGLES.
EiHighest market price paid for cot
ton. July27, '76.-ly
A T. GASTRELL,
Bayon Sara, Louisiana,
PLOWS, AGRICULTURAL IMPLE
nments, Bridles, Harpass, Hardware, Guns,
Pistols, Pumps, Pipes, Machine Fittings,
Cocks, Valves, Castings, Ropes, Hollow
Ware, Wagon and Carriage. -.oodwork,
Blacksmith's Materials, Etc., Etc.
TIN 'COPPER AND SHEET IRON MAN
Also Agent for the celebrnted
"CIIAItTER OAK" ST'OVES,
Uric, Gar'rett & Cottman, Briley,. Jas.
Hi. Hall and other plows, Allen's Horse
lines, Wood's Mowing Machines, Horse
Hay Rakes, all of which I will guaran
tee to sell lower than can be purchased
Grangers and others will find it to
their advantage to call and exeamino Imy
stock andl rices before lpucihasing else
N' O. & BAYOU SARA U. S. MAIL
The superb passenger
.1. J. BRowin....................Master.
S. S. STECK..---.---....-------------..............Clerk.
Leaves Bayou Sara for New Orleans
-ve a y ednesday after the arrival of the
cars from Woodville, and every saturday,
at 7, p. m. Returning, leaves New Or
leans every Monday and Friday, at 5, p.m.
JOHN F. IRVINE, Agent
UNITED STATES MAIL & PASSEN
. GER PACKET.
The superb passenger
Robert E. Lee.
rIr r'^: AirBELL ..............aster
Will leave Bayou Sara, on her upward
Itrip, every Wednesday. Returning, will
cave IBayou Sara every Sunday at 7, a.
m., reaching New Orleansbefore dark the
E. d W. WHITEMAN, Agent.
June 28, '76-1y.
UNITED STATES MAIL STEAMER.
The magnificent passenger
T. P. LEATHERS.... .......Captain.
J. F. MUSE.......--------------....Clerk
Will pass Bayou Sara, on her npward
trip, every Sunday morning, at 8 o clock.
Returning, will leave Bayou Sara every
Thursday, at 7, a. m., reaching New Or
leans before dark the same day.
E. W. WHITEMAN, Agent.
every town in the
South for the cel
The easiest learned, lightest running,
most durable and popular machine made.
Received the highest award at the Cen-.
Special inducements offered. Address
Weed Sewing Machine Co.,
No. 182 Canal Street,
New Orleans, La
Jano 1, '77.--lyear.
O R GANS.
Elegant styles, with Valuable Improve
me. 1. New and beautiful solo stops.
Over one thousand Organists and Musi
cians endorse these organs and recom
mend them as strictly lirt elass in tone
Mechanism and dnaUbillty, Warrmatei
for six yean,
,Most Elegani and Latest Improved.
jaye ben awarded the highest pre
n4nlnm in.ompetitiof with others for
sjDi U~a), D urabilitty,
Promptness, andPia~o like action. Pure,
s8eet, and evenly balanced tone, orehes'.
tral peetse, and instantaneuns acce
which may be had to the reade. For
pricpe list address
DANIEls F. BATTYs,
Washington New Jersey.l1
Jfli iana stutintl
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TIHE 14TH OF SEPTEMBER.
THE OICGANIZATION OF THEa WHITE
TIIE VICTORY-T- E BATLLE ON TIE.
[N. O. Democrat.]
The campaign of 1874 threatened, from
the very first, to be a harl fought one,
bitter if not bloody. The Kellogg gov
ermnent, born of fraud, stained its hands
in the blood of our citizens, the very
first month of its life. A score ofdifficnl
ties followed in rapid succession ; a dis
puted election in Grant parish was turn
ed into a battle in order to fire the North
ern heart, beget sympathy for Kellogg
and his gang and back his wild appeal to
Washington for troops. To that follow
ed massacres ofcitize: sat Jefferson, Mar
ket and Jackson Squares, and military ex
peditions to Baton Rouge and St. Mar
tinsville to awe the people in the coun
try into support of that government.
A strong effort was made to create a
military government. The whole Kel
logg regime was put on a war basis.
The standing army of militia and Metro
politans was largely increased; guns
were distributed in the country parishes,
and negro militia companies organized;
a cavalry force was projected, the nucleus
of a navy organized, and cannon and
Gatling guns innumerable purchased for
use here. This Radical army was fre
quently drilled, was taken on expedi
tions to the country and paraded on our
streets, fully armed, on every possible oo
casion, to inspire awe and fear.
Early in June a number of citizens,
members of the Crescent City Club, a po
litical organization that;had taken part
in previous political campaigns, organ
ized themselves into the Crescent City
White League, and called upon all per
sons interested in the preservation of
white civilization from the Africaniza
thon threatened it under Radical rule, to
join with them in this fight for the
white people of Louisiana. The White
League, a full account of whose organizae
tion will be found in another column,
rapidly spread through the city and soon
numbered several companies of a semi
military character. The State convention
of 1874 responded to the appeal of the
White League and the platform began
with the words: "We, the white peo
ple of Louisiana."
The campaign of 1874 was inaugurated
in New Orleans on the night of the 1st of
September. The nominations for Treas
urer and Congressmen had been made but
a few days before at Raton Rouge, To
indorse and ratitfy these, September 1
was selected as the time, and Canal street,
opposite the Varieties Theatre, as the
place for a grand reass meeting of the
people, i~ftoon thousand turned out.
The meeooting was orderly, and quiet, peace
ful; yet such was the moral effece or this
outpourting that the distant roar of cheers
terriied thp frightened Kellogg who orept
from his house tq the police stat ion ibf
protection. Some rockets,. sent off in
honor of the occasion, alarmed the pqlice,
who were hastily called in froma their
heats to the stations, where they stood
armed with rifle aid cannon, ready to at
tack the citizen, should any qutbreak
take place. There was none. The crowd
was enthtilsastiate, bat, at the same time,
cool and determined.
On the outskirts of the meeting, Jus
tin Bourdonnay, a member of the White
League, was most foully murdered by a
Radical desperado and paid hanger-on of
Kellogg; yet, such was the calmness of
the crowd, that although there were
fiteen thousand of Bourdonnay's friends
around, who felt that Kellogg would par
don the murderer (as he attempted to
do), they refrained from what almost any
other crowd would have demanded, an
immediate vindication of justice--lynch
Thus began the campaign of 1874 in
New Orleans. The first blood was spilt
by the Radicals.
There was no need of blood to arouse
the popular feeling. Every deed of the
Kellogg government, from its very incep
tion, rallied the people against it. His
false title, his lies, his standing army,
tax seizures, illegal and arbitrary arrests,
military expeditions to the country, the
abolition of courts, pardons, murder, ra
pine and theft-all these had made our
people desperate and determined. There
were no courts to appeal tt· hey had
been abolished; no law, it ham4een mur
dered. The only remedy lay in arms.
the registration offices were thrown
open at the beginning of September and
then the Radical plan of the campaign
became only too evident. This was to
throw such difficulties in the way of the
registration of white citizens as to prac
tically disfranchise them; and, at the
same time, produce some popular upris
ing, which the Radicals hoped, with their
State arms, backed by United States
troops, to defeat and break thereby
the spirit of the people and the opposi
tion to the fraudulent Kellogg govern
From the first they meant that the
campaign of 1874 should be a fight of
armed forces not a contest of votes.
An appeal based on the Coushatta af
fair was made by Kellogg, through Laun
dalet Williams, early in September, for
use in Louisiana. These, of course, were
promised him. At the same time hIis
own forces were largely increased in
number, particularly on September 4,
when they were joined by a large nnm
ber of levee hands, thieves and convicts,
familiarly known as "The Mnulligan
Guards," and drilled each day to make
them thorough soldiers.
On the other hand, companies of ci: i
zeus were organized in all portions of the
city. There ere no lack of men-every
bodyoffered himselffreely to Louisiana
but weapons were sorely nIeeded. The
police were armed with the finest breech
loading rifles, supplied by the United
States government as the State's quota
of arms, while the citizen soldiery had old
shot-guns, rusty Belgian rifles, and many
not even these.
On September 8, two boxes of second
hand Belgian rifles, intended for the citi
zen soldiery, were seized by the Metro
politans as they were being conveyed to
Olivier's gun store on Canal street and
carried off to the police station. The
owners of these guns claimed their prop
erty and made several attempts to get
them back. A court of competent juris
diction, heard and decided the case and
ordered Badger, Chief of Police, to
surrender the guns to their true own
ers. Badger laughed at the order, re
fused to obey it, and when the court
sought to punish him for contempt, pro
duced a full pardon previously written
out by Kellogg, which absolutely author
ized him to defy all courts and law.
Not content with the seizure of private
property the Assistant Attorney General
discovered a statute, begotten of a Radi
cal Legislature, creating a crime known
as treason to the State, and the gentle
men who owned the guns the Metropoli
tans had stolen, were arrested and held
to answer for the crime of owning them.
Fearful of a popular outbreak in con
sequence of this outrage the police were
again called in from their beats that
night, and concentrated, fully armed for
a sortie, at the stations. This practice
was followed for several nights in suc
cession, during which the streets were
free to burglars and murderers, while the
police drank themselves into braggart
courage at the stations.
On September 10th, the police, em
bolded by their late successful seizure,
invaded Oli vier's store and carried off
some seventy more muskets, A large
crowd gathered at the corner. There
were some threats, but no violence,
The next day, the police visited the
levee and carried offeix more boxes of
guns, just landed from the steamer City
Another attempt was made to take
tihe matter into court and test it judicial
ly, but this the Radicals would not per
mit, and continued their arbitrary acts
in defianoe of laws and courts. A simi
lar attempt to seize some guns that came
is by the Jackson Railroad proved un
suooessful and the arms were safely dis
tributed at Leed's fthundry.
It was pubnhlicly known that the steam
er Mississippi, which was expected to
arrive in this pert Sunday, September 13,
contained a large supply of arms for the
citi~ans. This was well known to the
police. In fact, the citizens made no
cofnlealnnt oqS it; c1qime~ds tle right to
have arms sent them, arc declared
that they *ould vindicate this right.
On.the otll& hand, the police authorities
declared most emphatically that they
would seize idll and any atndt cdnlhig to
this city. In order to Carry dit this pur
pose, a large for'e if police;, nared With
Springfield rifles, with one eanndni Was
placed on duty Saturday evening at the
wharf of the steamer, opposite Jackson
Square, ready to seize the arms the mo
ment they were landed.
The people, however, were just as de
termined to insist on their rights, and, in
response to the strong popular feeling, a
call, written on the inspiration of the
moment, appeared in the Sunday papers,
ealling for a grand mass meeting at Clay
Statue, September 14, to assert, demand
and enforce the constitutional rights of
the people of Louisiana "to keep and
bear arms," and "to meet in peaceable
assembly and petition."
Monday, September 14, proved a hot,
sunny, Southern day. The streets around
Clay Statue were crowded from an early
hour, and groups gathered on every cor
ner discussing the situation. ]Some fore
saw war; others believed theret would
be no trouble, and not a few wandetked
pff to the regatta fixed to take place at
Carrollton that day. Most ofthe stores
opened in the morning, but finding busi
ness dull, no ladies out shopping, and the
men too excited to think of anything but
their rights, closed at an early hour.
From 10 o'clock the crowd around Clay
Statue increased rapidly. in numbers,
and within an hour there were some four
or five thousand persons collected
there. The appearance of half
a d"zen well-known gentlemen on the
gallery of the Crescent Hall opposite,
with tables, glasses and papers, the para
phernalia of speakers, caused the crowd to
surge over to that corner where bare
healed and with up-turned faces, on
which the hot sun glared pitilessly down,
they waited for the watchword.
It came, after a long list of grievances
read by Mr. Marr, in a formal demand for
the immediate abdication of William Pitt
Kellogg. At these words, the crowd
burst forth in the wildest applause and
cheers, in shouts that bore evidence
that the movement was successful; that
the people accepted the demand for Kel
logg's abdication as the issue of the day;
were determined on it; would insist on
it, and would fighl for it. The die was
cast. The meeting had been called sim
ply to defend the right of our people to
bear arms; but when the people e~et to
gether their enthusiasm grew so strong,
their strength became so apparent, that
they lost sight of their original griev
ance; and demanded that the tyranny
that had so sorely aflicted them should
end at once. From that hour the Kellogg
government was doomed.
The history of that memorable day
moved rapidly after this: A committee
was chosen to bear this demand and
challenge of the people of Louisiana to
Kellogg. In half an hour they had re
turned and reported. Kellogg was gone;
Kellogg was missing; Kellogg was not to
be seen; but in some secret hiding place
he had mustered courage enough to re
fuse this demand.
"What must be done now t' asked one of
*"We must fight !" "Give us arms!" "Call
out the troops ." were the' cries from a
Dr. Beard stepped forward, and in glow
ing words, called on them, in behalf of
liberty and Louisiana, to defend their
rights. They must bring their arms,
pitch their tents upon the neutral ground,
determined never to leave there until the
last vestage of Kellogg's riilo had been
uprooted from our soil. If they needed
food their wives and children would glad
ly bring it
"Go home, get your arms," said Mr.
Marr. "Come here again at half-past 2
o'clock, and you will find leaders to lead
you on to victory."
It seemed scarcely a second before
armed men began to appear in every di
rection. Old armories and gun stores
had been ransacked to find something
military. One man had an ancient Ro
man broadeword, taken from some thea
tre's green-room; another bore as his
only weapon a keg of powder ; old mus
kets, disabled shot guns appeared carried
on the shoulders of old and bending men.
Those having arms rapidly coaleseed
into squads and these squads were or
ganised into companies by officers who
moved here and there among the crowd,
and then marched up the street.
At the same moment that tLe meeting
broke up the papers appeared on the
street containing the proolamation of
Lieut, Gov. Penn, Gov. MeEmery being
absent from the State, deolaring the
McEnery government organized and call
ing on citizens and milita to arm and
drive Kellogg from power. This proc
lamation also appointed Gen. Fred. N.
Ogden commander-in-chlefof the militia.
It have become apparent that the ob
ject of Kellogg's military forces then as
senmbled down town, was to disperse the
masas meeting and arrest the leaders of
the people under the lately discovered
crime of State treason, messengers were
at once sent to the various officers of the
White League aqd other forces in wait
ing, each 4t it~ own rendezvous, with
the informatRqq that the polica yea deo
terminaled to reclpitate a fight andl that
a conflict was, therefore nuavoidable;
Aecordfigly, at 2 o'clock, Gen: Ogden
put his forces in movement from Felicity
strest down Prytania and thence dowd
Cafmp. Shortly afthr a potioii . f Gen:
Angell's command, about t~efj itreng,
under CIpt. McGlohi; o&ldpted the City
Hall, In order td lie idt jIolesion of thie
important position and the Central Police
Station. Care was taken at once td
break up the telegraphic communicatiot
between the tatiouS polite statlonsMhieli
A few minutst latet the Crescent City
White League and.diiiliary bodiesi.wittl
two lfone-uida edsid; i idd r inWrc il
Camp street to Poydras, along Which
they prepared to form their line ofdefense
under Gen. Ogden as commander-in
chief, and Col. Behan second in eoaaiin
Protector White League of the 8eond
District, Battery C, and Coufpany I~ C.
C. W. L. Capt. Peftmd t.f formned~ e1ti
street.; Thence thbe line extended upi
Poydras in the follo'ing otier :
Company A, Capt, W. T. Vadury; dom-"
pany B; Capt C: H. Lord; Company C,
Capt.; S. H. Blink;/tomlfany 0, Capt. 11.
M. Kilpatrick; Compbny K, Capt. Ed,
Flood; Andress' -iy ny, Allen's Com-.
pany; Dupre's C'~,ny; Company F;
c. c. W. L, C Afcintyie; Philps#
and 1Tennyson's C any ( Roman'aCom
pany-whichfor e e extreme of thde
line on Poydrit i t ; being stitioetd
at the corner of St. C led atd 'oydrsaw
Anugell's Battalions, Capta-Borand, Mc
Gloin. Richardson, Blanchard, Lincoln
and Hill, were in line on St. Charlese,
some of them being stationed in the
Crescent Hall, and otberti along Canal
street as ski~sf'ieth
T'he rear line was formed on Julia street,
where Coleman's Battery, and Capta.
Augustin's, Mitchell's and Prados' com
mands were stationed. There were al
together twenty-five companies on ditty ;
few of them, however, were strong its
numbers, the whole force of men .with
muskets or rifes amounting to probably
less than 800. The new reeuitat were
drafted into these seapnpes, wille man3y
lookers-on, armed only with pistols, fell
into line and prepared to do battle lea'
A few moments after' the line' way
formed the news spread along the line
that the police were advancing to attack
them. There was intense excitement.
The men knew that the police were bet
ter armed and better drilled -thaur they',,
were nearly eliual in numbers: and boast
ed of a large artillery force;; they fore
saw, therefore, a desperate and bloody'
fight, but not a single man wavered J'
this thought. Every one Was determin
ed to fight to the bitter end, to give ap
his life if necessary in defense of the
rights of Louisiana. Fortunate, indeed
was it for the Metropolitans that day
that they were so easily beaten and so
early in the action, for had they been,
temporarily successful, had they gainedl
some slight advantages at the begin
ning, their defeat, which ultimately
must have come, such was the firm de
termination and spirit or the people,
would only have been the bloodier aid
more destructive to them.
At the same time that the citizenawesee
organizing, the police were preparing 1b
battle. The Jackson Square Station was'
selected as their head-quarters from ito
pioximity to the arsenal and State-House.
Here they rendezvoused early on the'
morning of the 14th, and organlized and'
armed. The other stations were wisely
deserted so as not to weaken and divide
their forces. The Supreme Court room'
and the station were transformed into'
barracks, and the greater part of the)
police station in these, under arms, and
ready for an immediate sortie. The can
non in the arsenal were hitched to the
horses, so as to be moved out at a mo-
ment's notice. The total police, force,
which had been largely increased in the
previous few days, numbered about 650'
men, with six cannon, two Gatling guns,.
three Napoleons and a howitzer. In the
State-House, two squares distant, was
stationed an additional force of militia,
about 600 strong, for the most part ne-"
groes, well armed, but without artillery.
Scouting parties and spies were frequent
ly sent out during the morning to report'
the action and feeling of the citizens.:
About 3o'clock these reported that the
citizens organised, and preparing to
march to the steamer Mississippi, lying
opposite the station, to protect the sta
tion, to protect the landing of the gunr
she contained. A conference was at once
held, and it was determined to advance
to Canal street and give battle there.
A picked body of men, organized into
t. tee companies, chosen fortheir conspic
uous courage, very fewof whom, by-the
by, were colored, wasaccordingly moceh
ead down toward Canal street, under the
command of Gens. Badger and Long
street. At Canal these took up a posftieie
in the centreof the Custom-House, with
four guns pointing northward toward St.
Charl&b so as to sweep it.
A squad of mounted police rode up
both sides of the street,oalling to the cit -
izens to disperse, as the polic, were
about to open fire, The crowd on Canal
street was, at that time, very large,. par
ticularly around Clay Statuei Most of
thoese were non-combatants, and not a
few of tlnne latdei he t, bet. h ad4 tlep
rcoN meNL'E Ox )Lwent meaGR