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TTHE DISCOVERY OF A OFRX. c
New (leansl Times. Last winter Dr. Manoel I)a Gama n Lobo, a scientific physician from Rio C de laneiro, visited this city andother P parts of the United States, and prin- i cipal points in the West Indies and 1 Mexico in the course of his studies and iuvestigations upon the cause V and nature of yellow Lever. c The doctor is one of those who be lieve in a germ cause for disease. lie thinks that diseases are iropagated by the introduction into the human body of living organisms which at tack those parts anld orgains that ° come within their reach and produce the disorders and distress which we i call disease. These germs or orga nisms are introduced into the body c through the lungs and stomach, and hence they are to be sought for with the aid of the microscope in the fluids c and excretions of the body and in the air and water which are taken into the system of the patient. Dr. Lobo is a microscopist, and learned in the science of those minute existences vhich are only to be dis covered and known through magni fying glasses. He first went to work with powerful lenses upon the blood and excrementitious fluids of yellow fever patients to see if lie could find traces of the animal or vegetable or ganism that was the cause of this disease. He investigated these mat ters from patients who had been at tacked at a number of widely distant places. His researches, as he claims, were rewarded by finding in the ex cretions of such sick persons an ani mal, exceedingly small of course, be longing to the order of infusoria and the family of baccillaria. lie then sought in the water of the rivers, lakes, ponds, swamps and in the sea near the several places where there had been epidemics of yellow fever for traces of this animal. This search was also successful, these deadly I baccillae having been found in the water supply of Vera Cruz and Ha vana, but nowhere else. These two places, the doctor believes, are the hotbeds and native sources of yellow fever, whence it is transported to all other places where its ravages awe known. We will endeavor to give in the doctor's own words, but unfortunate ly without the drawings and dia grams with which his views are il lustrated, a sketch of his discoveries as detailed in a pamphlet on the sub ject, just issued by him from a New York press: The yellow fever is a disease of continuous type produced by the 1 Opunsia Mexicana, an animal whichi belongs to tilhe ftimily of Baccillarum. 4 The Jamapa river supplies the City of Vera Cruz with fresh water, and in the lake a stream has its source which 1 at a place where it passes under the bridge of a road bordered with co coanut trees takes the name of T''a- 1 noia river. It afterward empties into the sea. The Laguna de los Cocos is sixty feet wide in the suburb of I Vera Cruz, and from thence it ex tends to Medellin river. This lake or swamp is twelve miles in length, and is covered withl aquatic plants like the lakes of tile Amazonas river. The Jamiapa river rises in the moun tain and empties into the Gulf of Mexico some miles south of Veria Cruz. A steam machine takes the water andt sunds it through iron tubes to the city, where it is largely dis tributed, being fresh for the use of the houses and fountains. This water is clear, and only a few roots can be seen in it with thie na ked eye, but with the aid of the mni croscope one finds a great many in fusoria, Navicula, Flagellata and Opunsia. The place where I found the Opunsia was a tfountain surroun ded by small cocoa trees near a house used formerly by Spanish offi cers, and very near the ruin of an old churclh by the side of a railroad. This fountain I was told received thie water from the Jamapa river. The existence of an oval cell char acterized by a bright spot which re fracted the light strongly foundby me in the black vomit in the blood of the nasal hemorrhages and in the billious vomit attracted my attention during the year 187:. when I began to study thie pathlological alnaiomy of the yellow fever, then prevalent in the city of Rio de Janeiro, according to the method I had learned from my eminent teacher, Professor Virchow. Further examination inclined me to the beliet that this cell belonged to the vegetable kingdom and that it was the cause of the yellow fever. In 1874 I sought for it in the blood which I took from patients, and I employed in my experiments the black vomit and the blood of the hemorrhSniS with which I mixed al cobol and .hromic and osmic acids, hi At the same time I studied the at- in mosphere of the swamps, receiving in ti, cotton the bodies that, were in sus pension in the air which crossed them fil having for that purpose 1an apparatus st in operation at a convenient point. a' During the day I examined also the pi waters of the swamps of Belem, Ma- to caou and other swamps remarkable c( for breeding pestilence. During the w yellow fever epidemics I dried the ft blood taken f'om patients, putting ' it into bottles or drying it on rags. h I began my observations in the e: month of November, of 1880, with the st hemorhages and black vomit which I si had preserved from 1873 to 1879, and si in them I found only oval cells with ti one shining spot upon each.ll The si black vomit and hemorrhages treated ii by the chromic acid and showed oval tl cells, some of them segmented and a others without the shining spot on tl each segment. I obtained the same I resultfrom those treated with the al cohol and osmic acid. The studies upon the black vomit and then hem orrhages of the month of February and March, of 1880, I made in Decem ber of last year. The method of development gave me the idea that the oval cell was an animal and not a vegetal as I at first thought. To seek for this animal I ft went to Memphis, New Orleans, Vera , Cruz and Havana for the purpose of examing the waters, lakes and swamps and the salt water of the harbor of Vera Cruz and Havana and of com- e paring them with the water of the Texcoco lake, near the city of Mexi co. Neither in the Bayou of Mem phis nor in the canals or swamps of New Orleans nor in the Pontchartrain and Texcoco lake nor in the salt wa ters which bathe the shores of the Vera Cruz and Havana did I find any thing like the animal which I had found in hemorrhages and black vomit from yellow fever. In the month of January, 1881, when exam ining the water for drinking supplied B at Vera Cruz from the Jamapa river, I found the animal, the Odunsia, ad- I hering to the roots of aquatic plants and sediment. Sometime afterward, a I discovered the (Opunsia in the swamps at Yera C('ruz and in the Al menda river at Havana. This, then, is the germ, which, en tering the human body through the water drank, sets to work being bi sexed as many of the bacillaria are, to beget an immense family of de stroyers which pervade the blood of the victim and work havoc in his sys tem, besides furnishing an abundance of offspring to he transported over the world to start deadly epidemics wherever climatic and unsanitary con dlitions mhy favor. If the doctor's discoveries are real discoveries, a fact which it slhiould not be difficult to determine since the ax amiunmtions he made are open to oth ers, the cause of yellow fever is proba bly what is here claimed. If so, then it should not be difficult to tind a rem edy to kill-off this microscopic mon fster. Who wi4l do it? Perhalps, if the doctors would quit quarreling over their differences of' remedial ortho doxy, cease their disputes about con flicting theories and set themselves to honest investigation, they would lind out something auonout disease and its Sremedies. GAVE UP THE GIRL HE LOVED TO A RICH C('HUM. Clum'ao, June 25.-At Amherst t College, in the class of '53, there were two chums, who had stuck together Sever since they had first entered col lege. They were fast firiends and no trouble had ever disturbed their friendship. ()ne wastthe son of rich Sparents and thie other ,f a country 1minister. When they graduated the rick man's son went into business a with hisfather in New York and took his friend with him as an eml)loye. i Things went smoothly for some time, I. when that cormoen accident of life l happened. They both fell in love with thile same girl. The light in the heart of the - employe was long and bitter, but, Scontrasting his position with that of f his friend, the difference in the ad e vantages he could offer thie woman, I he yielded, and with scarce a word of n parting, with noone of explanation, he f left New York and went West. Ayear aI afterwald found him in San Francis g co, and he soon joined the gold-dig y gers. His fortune was varied, at times . rich, at times poor; afterwards in Ne o vada he tollowed silver mining, and o when the silver craze struck Leadville t he went there. There he was suc cessful, and thisspring, a rich man, he d deteripined to return East for the first I time in twenty-four years. Yesterday, e as he got off the southwestern train at e Wilton, Iowa, and went to get on the .1- main line train which was to carry him to Chicago, a lady who was try-. ing to turn a sent attracted his atten-. tion. Stepping forward to help her,-he first looked with wonder, then joy, to see that it was the woman he had ruai away from so long ago, a woman now past forty, but handsome yet. He talked to'her timidly at first, and un certain. When he learned that she ,was unmarried his questions came faster yet, and her present condition was soon known to him. Her parents had died, and, depending on lier own exertions for support she had taught school in western Iowa. The old love still lived in the miner's heart, and he soon found that he had not been en tirely forgotten by her. To make a story short, it was a very happy-look ing couple who got off the train here that night, looking for a minister, and a still happier one which registered at the Shereman as Mr. and Mrs. -, Leadville, Col. WANTED. Capitol Bonds Parties having Baton Rouge Capitol Bonid' for 4al., can find a purchaser by applying to the undersigned and stating price thereof. ISIDORE NEWMAN, Banker and Broker, 26... ......... Carondelet Street... .........26 New 'Orleans, La. G. PICARD, New Orleans rillIP .TOL! eiqte for lel;p Goods1 BEST PRINTS, 5 CENTS. 36-ln. LONSDALE, domestic, cennine. 10e 36-in. HOPE, domestic. soft finish..... 9e 4-.4 LINEN LAWN, printed, fast color. 9C BARGAINS IN Hosiery, Laces and Embroideries. Please come and be convinced. LAUREL STREET, Between Lafayette and Third. CS O - OJ The Jeweler, THIRD STREET, BATON ROUGE, LA. !FINE JEWELRY :GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES: .......... ........... ..... " si .vR AisRE Having received, lately, a large lot of NEW and ELEGANT PATTERNS in JEWELRY. I now offer the best assortment of goods in my line ever seen in Baton Rouge. REMEMBER, KEEPNOTHING BUT FIRST-CLASS GOODS, AND WARRANT EVERYTHING TO C E STRICTLY AS REPRESENTEDI oI will sell goods assortmenthe same quality cin Thafkeel for liberal patronage in the past, I shall by fair dealing, try to merit the same in the future. jan31 Flavoring Extracts, Lemon and Vanilla, Standard and Extra, at , Family Grocery of JOSHUA BEAL. t 4 Vear Old. My 4 Year Old Apple Vinegar Is splendid goods. Try it JOSHUA BEAL. Pork, Bacon and Lard! e You will find a good stook of Pork, Bacon and * '. 2 D Fresh DO S edldiNa. n Aoy rtld s,, oo, Meershum an Briar Pipes, Olgartte" wiP class Drug Store dli ast reasonable d.. og ii eb3ated P ons fratO ark D Russian z ' , Vc Seeds Southern Comnan's trietlyPure White, s Mixed Paints, Varnisabes, grushes, Tarpentftle Yoia o rk Neatsfoot Kinelow and Head Light Ois. Pl et of t llo Mallon's Liniment for man and beast. Woul o te e fact that I sell Cstor Oil. Turpentine, Pills, &o. pup~t ca'nt Orleans pricea. Natural Medibinal Waters, frahill , C tection against Moths, Mildew and Infection, sl Pai' £ater . t ew. S MRS. JAOº PIP3 FURNITURE ANI UNHIIEAKING ESTI IUSIIENTI (PIPER d BRADPOED'B OLD 8BAfNfi, MAIN STREET, BATON ROUGE, LA. Dealer in Bedsteads, Armoirs, BUREAUS, AND CHAIRS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, Parlor and ed-t&oom Sets, Kitoham 1 ituan And various other articles at the lowest market price. Metallio and Imlitaton Care. Codfi tl kinds, with Hearse when required, firnished at any hour. Also, Weten Wire Xlttresme_. These Mattresses are so well known that it Is not necessary to eulaLupon their merits. Their superiority over all springsl s they'are elastie, noiseless, durle, leanly, hal. ful and economical. The Guy Wire is an improvement, oonsistingof a lame wire put on the fabric,which makes a stiff edge and prevents its bengreased on the febS rail. No other Mattress possesses this feture. Guaranteed f Ive years. TRADE MARK RECISTERED Malarion is the Best Family Medicine Known I M ALARION Cures Chills of long standing! ALARION .....Cures MalalaralFeverI ALARJIO ....... Cures Liver Complaint! II ALARION Cures Headache and e ALARION Cures Miasmatic Rheumatism! ALARION ..Cures Bowel Comp)lrf i A.LARION Cures Ililliousness & Jaundice! . ALARIO .......NLever Falls to 1re For sale by J. STEENMEN, Ph. D., Third Street, saton Rouge. - OF NEW SPRING GOODS! AT MRS. J. M. PARKER'S, MAIN STREET, - - BATON ROUGE, LA. W HITE GOODS-Vic·toria Lawns. Plain and Dotted Swiss, Mulls, India Lawns, Table Linens, r Napkins. Towels, Piques and Nainsooks. DRESS GOODS-Linen Lawns, Muslius, Organdies, Lace Buntings, Black and Colored Cash. meres, etc., etc. HOSIERY--Ludie&'. Misses'. Children's and Inlants' Colored Rose, in great variety. SPRING CLOTHING-A large lot ou hand, and for sale at ASTONISHLYN(LY LOW RATES. SHOES-Sandals and Newport Ties. Also. a large anm varied stock of Gents', Ladies', Misses' and Children's Shoes. PARASOLS-Silk. Gingllam and Cotton- a large assortment. MILLINERY AND NOTIONS-My Spling Stock will be complete by the 10th or 15th or April, and will be repltnished every month with the latest novelties of the season. MRS. P. KAUFMAN, -DEALER IN Dry Gids, Iotions, Clothing, Boo, Sos, I:, Is pI, L Also a !arse and well selected stock of SPRING AND §UMMER GOODS, and Fancy and Family Groceries, Crockeryware, Glassware, Tinware, Etc., CORNER MAIN AND CHURCH STREETS ..............BATON ROUCE, LA. ANDREW JACKSON, COTTO1T BTTTYERL. -AND DEALER IN ROCERIIE8 .NND PLANTATION SUPPLIiS, NO -T HRASIT Corner Main and Third Streets, ns,,, BATON ROUGE, LA. Louisiana Life Insurance Company. 39-----.......------ Carondelet Street................39 NEW ORLEANS, LA. LIFE A,.TD ACCIDENT ! THE ONLY COMPANY DOING BUSINESS IN LOUISIANA WHICH Secures Policy Holders by a Deposit with the state! WINSLOW ROBINSON, General Agent. NO. 4, PIKE'S ROW ......... ............ATON ROUGE. LA. n03 MANUFACTURER OF Steam Trains, Strike Pans, Boilers and Tanks, STEAM PIPE AND STEAM FITTINGS OF ILL KINDS, - AND - ALL KINDS 4 SUGAR HOUSE WORK. WOý..~ O , CORNER FRONT AND MAIN STREETS, NEAR THE FERRY LANDING, feb'i ATOh ROUGE. LA. MCHIOLAS WAX, ST. LOUIS STREET ....----.........--..-- ...------ COURTHOUSE SQUARE Wholesale and Retail Grocer. .DiALER fLN 1wý AUw I' lN, wPlhc , ý1W Il , Nl, Ui C O, CROCKERY, LAMPS, UTLERY, CIGARS AND TOBACCO. Agent for Blats' Celebrated Milwaukee Lager Beer. P : and owfe ..t,: mostre o ble r . --i: ,' , EO. . WILSON, Westen Pr0 duce, hf0Cei,~r ,il PLANTATION 'UPPLIES, ,_ AM ºdly an theapoua h Copner of Tirdy and LConventn St. ezaiiane.n L. JADOT. G. 0.o VT. 0O1I81O1 EIRlHITS - And Real Estate Agents. RA N[I DA :Z . Conibdhdtionutt l4Pt SoGlda Corner of Main and Itdesroom: BATON RUOail, rA. The Boarding $"llptu ,_- 1 ICE-! IC# Is runow prepared to finsh the same to the coastt trade and supply all local demands the most reasonable terms. eeBayou Gold ds WaPortudern, Bayou Wo GEO. H.MEND WLSON, Dealer in WesterFancy Poand Staplue roceries, PLANTATION SUPPLIES, Saddlerocky aery, Notons Corner of Thiayettrd and ConventMain Ste, febl5 BATON ROUGE, LA. L. JADOT. . L. VBOT.G, JADOBOOK MUSIC VARIE STORE, AUCTIONEERS CO1ISSIO IEftOIIAITS And eal Near State Agents. Offi Miscellanuce and Blalesroom nk BookNT STREpT, tland ancy Statione ryr M BAl Ins TONts, Sheet Muo, Worted . an CHARLES WIECK Having Just received a large supply of PurLxe Lake Zce Is now prepared to fnrnish the same to the coast trade and supply all local demands at the moelebra-t reasonable rates. All orders from Plaquemine, Bayo Golake, Piaort udson, Bayon Sra,ived for ville, Jackson and Clinton promptly and satis factorily filled. City Ice House. Open from half-pNewspapert or Magazine oclock in the morning till eight o'clock in the evening. S. MENDELSOROMAN,Manager ounded with great care and on scienti ciples, and with the freshest and Provisionsle ingredients, Cthey are ininnitely superior to the Norther an patent nostrumeets, SfeblI I BATON ROUGE, LAI For CoughS. Cold, Consumption, etc.ING, Third sphtrized earod Liver ouIle, BACK'S ASTRINOGENT CORDIALL. for HEBREW DRoPin Sch for Chisellaneos and BFever, Aguen etc. Prepared Piand r sale byfor CEO. M. ROMA, BUCHELr. UFame ilomey Groeredies Bein ompounded fitpreat care and ons All sientifc the prncLowes, and wh the frehicest and peror tC the Norther Main patent non stse. SCAI BATON ROUGE, LA.SPECIII NE orW LACES, LaCnedolds, ConsMaline, Victoria, For eTuscanerdeblty, PuValenaennes, Torchouns, Bretonne, CholeRussian, Boorabant, Venitan, eto. PMaltese and 'uy EBRtW DROPS, for Chills and Fever, g-e, et. Prepared adfor sale by ARleW JACKSON.by .Flour ! Flour tSN, son's B2tf Third street Balso large. of ANDREW JACHELN. l at onDeAld'B I. Familyn Grocerie t old' Iu DI rt GOODS NewAll at tee "York at'ow Caa the e Corner Main a.dJacoson mts.