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THE DISCOVEarY OF A GeN.* cobl
New OileanA 'Iimes. Last winter Dr. Manoel Dai Gama moi Lobo, a scientific physician from Rio cott de Janlciro, visited this city and other pen hav parts of the United States, and prin cipal points in the West Indies and in Mexico in the course of his studies Du' wat and investigations upon the cause wa and nature of yellow tever. for The doctor is one of those who be lieve in a germ cemse for disease. He y thinks that diseases are propagated blo it i by the introduction into the human body of living organisms which at- mo tack those parts and organs that hem come within their reach and produce h the disorders and distress which we ha call disease. These germs or orga nisms are introduced into the body oni through the lungs and stomach, and bl hence they are to be sought for with by the aid of the microscope in the fluids el ol and excretions of the body and in the ot air and water which are taken into ea rex the system of the patient. Dr. Lobo is a microscopist, and u up learned in the science of those minute u existences ihich are only to be dis- an covered and known' through magni- be fying glasses. He first went to work with powerful lenses upon the bloodM and excrementitious fluids of yellow an fever patients to see if he puld find th. traces of the animal or vegtable or ganlsm that was the of this CI disease. He investigat& mat- ex lers from patients who 1 at- an tacked at a number of widely distant V4 places. 'His researches, as he claims, pa were rewarded by finding in the ex- Ti cretions of such sick persons an ani- co mal, exceedingly small of course, be- p longing to the order of infusoria and Nv the family of baccillaria. He then at sought in the water of the rivers, te lakes, ponds, swamps and in the sea V near the several places where there tl had been epidemics of yellow fever fo for traces of this animal. This search was also successful, these deadly baccillae having been found in the in water supply of Vera Cruz and Ha- al vana, but nowhere else. These two places, the doctor believes, are the hi hotbeds and native sources of yellow al fever, whence it is transported to all other places where its ravages are known. We will endeavor to give in the doctor's own words, but unfortunate- t( iv without the drawings and dia- a grams with which his views are il- ,s lustrated, a sketch of his discoveries t( as detailed in a pamphlet on the sub- si ject, just issued by him from a New tl York press- ti The yellow fever is a disease of o continuous type produced by the t 'Opunsia Mexicana, an animal which v belongs to the family of Baccillarum. d The Jamapa river supplies the City of Vera Cruz with fresh water, and in d the lake a stream has its source which I at a place where it passes under the a bridge of a road bordered with co- f coanut trees takes the name of Ta- 1 noia river. It afterward empties into i the sta. The Laguna de los Cocosa is sixty feet wide in the suburb of F Vera Cruz, and from thence it ex- t tends to Medellin river. This lake t or swamp is twelve miles in length, 4 and is covered with aquatic plants 1 like the lakes of the Animizonas river. I '[he Jamapa river rises in the mnoun tain and empties into the Gulf of 1 Mexico some miles south of Vera Cruz. A steam machine takes the water and sends it through iron tubes to the city, where it is largely dis tributed, being fresh for the use of the houses and fountains. This water is clear, and only a few roots can be seen in it with the na ked eye, but with the aid of the mi croscope one finds a great many in fusoria, Navicula, Flagellata and ()punsia. The place where I found the Opunsia was a fountain surroun ded by small cocoa trees near a house used formerly by Spanish offi cers, and very near the ruin of an old church by the side of a railroad. This fountain I was told received the water from the Jamapa river. The existence of an oval cell char acterized by a bright spot which re fracted the light strongly found by me in the black vomit in the blood of the nasal hemorrhages and in the billions vomit attracted my attention during the year 157:3. when I began to study the pathological auaiomy of the yellow fever, then prevalent in the city of Rio de Janeiro, according to the method I had learned from my eminent teacher, Professor Virchow. Further examination inclined me to the belief that this cell belonged to the vegetable kingdom and that it was the cause of the yellow fever. In 1874I sought for it in the blood which I took from patients, and I employed in my experiments the black vomit and the blood of the hemorrhages, with which I mixed al cohol and ;bromie and ossito acids. li At the same time I studied the at- 11in mosphere of the swamps, receiving in ti cotton the bodies that were in sus pension in the air which crossed them fit having for that purpose an apparatus se in operation at a convenient point. a During the day I examined also the p waters of the swamps of Belem, Ma- to caou and other swamps remarkable c for breeding pestilence. Dfiring the w yellow fever epidemics I dried the fi blood taken from patients, putting w it into bottles or drying it on rags. h I began my observations in the e month ofNovember, of 1880, with the s hemorhages and black vomit whichdI a had preserved from 1873 to 1879, and a in them I found only oval cells with t one shining spot upon each. The e black vomit and hemorrhages treated i by the chromic acid and showed oval I cells, some of them segmented and a others 'without the shining spot on t each segment. I obtained the same I resultfrom those treated with the al-' cohol and osmic acid. The studies upon the black vomit ond then hem orrhages,4of the month of February and $aroh, of 1880, I made in Decem ber f h.st year. Th, method of development gave me the idea tb t the oval cell was an Sanimal anld ot a vegetal as I at first Sthought..' To seek for this animal I Swent to Memphis, New Orleans, Vera CruI andavana for the purpose of - examing the waters,1akesand swamps - and the salt water of the harbor of t Vera Cruz and Havana and of com " paring them with the water of the - Texcoco lake, near the city of Mexi -co. Neither in the Bayou of Mem phis nor in the canals or swamps of New Orleans nor in the Pontchartrain n and Texcoco lake nor in the salt wa ' ters which bathe the shores of the a Vera Cruz and Havana did I find any e thing like the animal which I had r found in hemorrhages and black h vomit from yellow fever. In the y month of January, 1881, when exam e ining the water for drinking supplied L- at Vera Cro from the Jamapa river, 0 I found the imal, the Odunsia, ad he iering to the roots of aquateic plants w and sediment. Sometime afterward, ,1 I discovered the Opunsia in the re swamps at Yora Cruz and in the Al menda river at Havana. 1e This, then, is the germ, which, en - tering the human body through the - water drank, sets to work being bi Ssexed as many of the bacillaria are, es to beget an immense family ofde b- stroyers which pervade the blood of w the victim and work havoc in his sys tem, besides furnishing an abundance of of offspring to be transported over lie the world to start deadly epidemics clh wherever climatic and unsanitary con y. ditions may favor. If the doctor's discoveries are real discoveries, a fact which it should not be difficult to determine since the ax aminations he made are open to oth ers, the cause of yellow fever is proba bly what is here claimed. If so, then it should not be difficult to find a rem edy to kill off this microseopic mon F ster. Who will do it ? Perhaps, if the doctors would quit quarreling over Stheir differences of remedial ortho ,doxy, cease their disputes about con s flicting ltheories and set themselves to honest investigation, they would find - out something about disease and its f remedies. GAVE UP THE GIRL HE LOVED TO A RICH CHUM. - CHIcAGo, June 25.-At Amherst ,f College, in the class of '53, there were two chums, who had stuck together v ever since they had first entered col- - - lege. They were fast friends and no - trouble had ever disturbed their - friendship. One was the son of rich d parents and the other of a country d minister. When they graduated the - rick man's son went into business a with his father in New York and took - his friend with him as an employe. n Things went smoothly for some time, i. when that common accident of life d happened. They both fell in love with the same girl. The tight in the heart of the - employe was long and bitter, but, y contrasting his position with that of )f his friend, the ditference in the ad e vantages lie could offer the woman, n he yielded, and with scarce a word of ,n parting, with none of explanation, he f left New York and went West. A year n afterward found him in San Francis ig co, and he soon joined the gold-dig y gers. His fortune was varied, at times v. rich, at times poor; afterwards in 'e to vada he followed silver mining, and to when the silver craze struck Leadville it he went there. There he was suc cessful, and this spring, a rich man, he )d determined to return East for'he first I time in twenty-four years. Yesterday, he as he got off the southwestern train at he Wilton, Iowa, and went to get on the l- main line train which was to carry ing to turn a seat attractea his aeattn tion. Stepping forward to help her, he first looked with wonder, thin Joy, to see that it was the woman he had ran away from so long ago, a woman now past forty, but handsome yet. He talked to her timidly at first, and un certain. When he learned that she was unmarried his questions came faster yet, and her present condition was soon knownto him. Her parents had died, and, depending on her own exertions for support she had taught school in western Iowa; The old love still lived in the miner's heart, and he lsoon found that he had not been en tirely forgotten by her. To make a story short, it was a'very happy-look i ing couple who got off the train here Sthat night, looking fora minister, and i a still happier one which registered at I the Shereman as Mr. and Mrs. -, e Leadville, Col. WANTED.. Capitol Bonds I T.A.S;S' T~ED! Parties having Baton Rouge Capitol Bonds for sale, can find a purchaser by applying to the undereigned andhtating price thereof. ISIDOItU NEWMAN, Banker and Broker, 26............. Carondelet Street............ 62 New Orleans, La. G. PICARD, m New, Orleans !t: fol r eCnp 111111. BEST PRINTS, 5 CENTS. 864in. LONSDALE, domestic, genuine, 10e SO.In. HOPE, domestic, soft finish..... 9e 4.4 LINEN LAWN, printed, fast color, 9e me BARGAINS IN Hosiery, Laces al Emroideries. Mi of Please come and be convinced. - LAUREL STREET, Between Lafayette and Third. 0 D <Oo 0~ ý+ c; a t f O' I ILI S~ ~ S p1 . P O O ) W ~ JOHN JOHNSON,: }iThe Jeweler, THIRD STREET, e BATON ROUGE, LA. *FINE JEWELRY: e :GOLD AND SILVER WATCHES: e............................ eSILVERWARE~ )f :cP cH .s, NITiC:, Having received, lately, a large lot of NEW and ELEGANT PATTERNS in JEWELRY, I now offer the best assortment of goods in my line ýfever seen in Baton Rouge. ie REMEMBER, I KEEP NOTHING BUT FIRTCLS GODS ~~~tlo5 AN ARN VRTIGTOB STICL AS REPREENTED ~~ I ~ wlselgosaloasteamqulit a e- be bogti o ren rayhr le Thnflfrliea arngei h at st ~ C 4 erOd My 4 Yea Ol AplVieaIspend Ygod. ryi JSHABEL R Pek acnad ad be Towiid odaokfokBofai Lad;alo a onholers tt soso 17 AIDR JASN Bogel' Old Stand,T REEPS CONSTANTLY ON HAND PA PtU A S' Fresh Druags, Medicines, Fancy Articles, Oatley, oo, Hershaub and BriarPipes, Cigafttes and Paper- t claa Drug Store, nd at reasonabla pries.' t for 41, it ebra Ped rtio Dark's R .. itaLn~ite;. ea 'au n Seed& Southern Company's Strictly Pure hits Lead ; -alo s e of Colors n 01$ e Pat, Varnhbea, Brathes, Tupenbitine and New Y k n Raw Neatafoot Kinslow and Head Light Oils. 1fprletorofM los ndtPp Mallon's iniment for man and beast. Wold al the atttinofthentrv tO fact that I eell Castor Oil. Turpentine, 'ills, &c putipi o" tape arket5Ii Orleans prices. Natural Mediinal Waters, fre, In botte, C o ap, i tection against Moths, Mildew and Infection. and Pass' Eaatej , oinethlng news MRS. JACOB PIPE'S : FURIITURE 80 DUHORAKiTNG LAt (PIPBR d BRADPORD'S OLD ,8TAND,). MAIN STREET, BATON ROUGE, LA. Dealer in Bedsteads, Armoirs, BUREAUS, AND CHAIRS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION, Pa1lor and Bed-Room Sets, %itohen ukritue And various other articles at the lowest market price. Metallio and Imitatiaon ases Cols o all kinds, with Hearse when required, furnished at any hour. Also, Woven Wire Xsttresses. These Mattresses are so well known that it is not necenssartorie upon their merits. Their su periority over all springsis .they are elastic, noeles , leanly, health. ful an economical. TheGuy ireis an improvement, conesisting of alarge wire put on the fabric,which makes a stiff edge and prevents its beingpressed on the feb8 rail. Nio other Mattress possesses this featiure. Guaranteed for five years. TRADE MARK RIOISTEEED Malarion is the Best Family Medicine Known 1 M ALARION Cures Chills of long standing ! '4ALARION .....Cures Malarial Fever! ALARION....... Cures Liver Complaint ! I ALARION Cures Headsche and Agne! ALARION Cures Miasmatic Rheumatism! ALARION..Cures Bowel Complainte! ALARION Cures Billiousness & Jaundice! ALARION .......Never Fals to Cure! For sale by J. STEENSEW, Ph. D., Third Street, Baton Rege. GRA1ýTý OPERIICj -OF NEW SPRING GOODS! AT MRS. J. M. PARKER'S, MAIN STREET, - - BATON ROUGE, LA. TWHITE GOODS-Victoria Lawns. Plain and Dotted Swiss, Mulls, India Lawns, Table Linens, yy apkins. Towels, Pi ues and Nainsooks. DRESS GOODS-Linen Lawns, Muslin., Organdies, Lace Bantings, Black and Colored Cash meres, etc.. etc. HOSIERY-Ladies, Misses', Children's and Infants' Colored Hose, in great variety. SPRING CLOTHING-A large lot on hand, and for sale at ASTONISHINGLY LOW RATES. SHOES-Sandals and Newport Ties. Also, a large and varied stock of Gents', Ladies', Misses' and Children's Shoes. PARASOLS-Silk. Gingham and Cotton-a large assortment. MILLINERY AND NOTIONS-My Spring Stock will be complete by the 10th or 15th of April, and will be replenished every month with the latest novelties of the season. MRS. P. KAUFXMAN, -DEALER IN 117 ook, Ition, 1lthi, Bos, Shoes Idsl, hp s ý. Also, a large and well selected stock of SPRING AND SUMMER GOODS, and Fancy and Family Groceries, Crockeryware, Glassware, Tinware, Etc., CORNER MAIN AND CHURCH STREETS.............BATON ROUCE, LA. ANDREW JACKLSON, COTTO1N - nT.Tr m. -AND DEALER IN V11OC(RIS .AN PLANTATION SUPPlIE8S, NOrRTHEIAST Corner Main and Third Streets, febd BATON ROUGE, LA. Louisiana Life Insurance Company. 39-----------........Carondelet Street--........------------9 NEW ORLEANS, LA. FIFE ANA ACCIDENT ! THE ONLY COMPANY DOING BUSINESS IN LOUISIANA WHICH Secures Policy Holders by a Deposit with the state! WINSLOW ROBINSON, General Agent. NO. 4, PIKE'S ROW.............----..... - BATON ROUCE, LA. n103 MANUFACTURER OF Steaffm Trains, Strike Pans, Boilers and Tanks, STEAM PIPE AND STEAM FITTINGS OF ALL KINDS, - AND - ALL KIND)S SUGAR HOUSE WORK. WO1EERbIB5OP· s CORNER FRONT AND MAIN STREETS, NEAR THE FERRY LANDING, febs BATON ROUGE, LA. NICHOLAS WAX, ST. LOUIS STREET........----..---.-- ...--- .COURTHOUSE SQUARE Wholesale and Retail Grocer. ..DEAL.RN IN ulAIT L soa IWI, lKT D IWtI IIs U' U 8P I CROCKERY, LAMPS, CUTLERY, CIGARS AND TOBACCO. Agent for Blats' Celebrated Milwaukee Lager Beer. AG DR. D. JA an~rd tll the popdatr~ @TAýON DE1 . onfoothie~agemtliang strtapea D1LPULL-ORE Feamile. xl ."' _ ' UN.M Dualr AM Corner of Main and ' t, eypond teMieets, BAlTO5 BA5TO i. L. JAD~ i~joT. ** &* VAT The Boawdlaa epH tat lran in themotp stA AYbort Families willbe lII I .IS the most reasonable ter s,. Oee4.ldU.e4aWd M ad al u GEO .H: ,# Dealer :,la Western Prwdce, P'I TATION SUPPII#S 2 SaB.iy aM yameis Corner of Third and Oonventlwa-ts., feb15 BATOO N OUGE, LA. L. JADAOT. JaY1L. VAT. JADOT & VAY AUCTIONEERS rAnd Real Estate Ag mts. reasonl Allt omrers ulramrr BATON BOU6E2, LA. Port Husn ''' ICE s ICE3 h CHARLES W) ECK S Hainglu ast received a large supply I P're IrLe~Ae ZooE Is now reparedll to futnish the same to the coast trade an- i s al local at most reasonabjle AUorders i ayou (goula, PortHudson, Bayou garba, vile, Jackson and Clinton pea p dliat satis factoriy fihed. Cityo GlassaeU open from halfpaset ve olock in the mlornig till eight o'clock in theevenlfig. S. - MENDELS0 N, O II flmilE in Fancr asn Ne Stt ose, Provisions, PlantationSuppliesl, outery Wines and Llouora, Tobacco, Glassaret Corus'-,Lafaystte said Mlain S~treets, Third Street, Near State House, BATON ROUGE, LA. ST1EALER in School, Miscellaneous and Blank d 1 Blooks, Staple and Fancy Stationery. uet cal Instruments, Sheet Music, Wosted, Canvas and Notions ef all kind cyfor theeelebra ted Blake Piano. reeived for any Newspaper or Magaine published. CEO. M.HEROMAN, Manager. augl1vrn58 6m. Use Home Remedies YT Being compounded with great care and on S scientific priiples, and with the freshest and most reliable ingredients, they are infnitely superior to the Northern patent nostrams. Use Steensen's SCANliAlYiA CcoGBl SPECIFICI For Conghs, Colds, Coasumption, etc. ' Phosphorized Cod Iher Oil! For general debility, Pulmonary affectiona, etc. BACKE'S ASTRINGENT CORDIAU for Cholera, BowelComplante, etc. PAIRLSEN'S HEBREW DROPS, for Chills and Fey r, Agne, etc. Prepared and forsale by J. agTEENISEN, n~n9-2-tf Third street, Baton Bouge. .. CEO. N. BUCHEL, DE3ALR IN Family Groceries, LIQUORS, DI.,T GOODE Plantation Supplies, PLOWS AND HOES AND FARMING IM3 PLEMENTS GENERALLY, All at the Lowest rash Prices MaCorner Min and Jackson ste. BATON ROUGE, LA. va TE W LACES, Lanedoc, Maline, Victoria, IU Tuscan, Valencennea, Torchon, Bretonne, Russian, Brabant, Venitian, Maltese and Clnny Laces,just received at Bosenfeld's. SADDLES ^ HARNESS-A ood SADDLESh of Saddles and Bar eses for sale by ANDREW JACKSON. Flour! Flour! I have just received another invoice of Jack LRE son's ert Fancy Familj Flour- also a large assortment of ether grdes for sale at the store of ANDREW JACKSON ~I C(OBBETS-A new supply of Corsete of evry Sdescription just renewed at RosealeM's. THE LATEST Novelties in Fans and Para ,G sole at Rose nfeld's. . iGINGAMS, Tolls du Nerd and Sursackers in great variety atr ef's NaObssOh", " tate" sta "ea the eat" OlF* at Family Gcs**ry of ObA c IALs .