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SBlA SEA FRUIT.
The mystery of the Mihling Whaler Vfiluante solved by the rew of The Steamer St. Paul. •Wreeked in the Aretie *egiona and Frozen to Death. The Scene of the Famine in an In. dian Village. New Orleans Times. SAN FRANCISCO, August 15.-The Alaska Commercial Company's steam er St. Paul, which arrived this morn ing, brings the following advices from Alaska: Capt. Hooper, of the revenue cutter Corwin, received intelhgonce of the discovery of some wrecked whalers by Indians on May 20, and he at once sent out a stage party, un der Lieut. Herring, to investigate the party landed on Laluchinin Island on June 2, and made their way over the ice westward to the mouth of the Wankeerem river, about one hundred miles from Cape Serdze, where they fell in with a party of "natives, in whose possession were found ar ticles taken from the wreck. The Corwin's party also saw and talked f with the natives, who had boarded the wreck, and exhibited two piles of articles which they said they had taken from her. They consisted prin- I cipally of carpenters' tools, etc. The following articles were recovered and have been brought to San Francisco i to be forwarded to the United States t treasury department: One whaling t iron, marked Blank, possibly initials t of the owner of the Vigilante, with five dots, supposed to mean boat No. t 5; one pair of silver bowed specta- 1 cles and cases; one pair of marine glasses, and one knife, marked V on the handle. The natives said that i the wrecked vessel carried a pair of a reindeer horns on the end of the jib boom. The Vigilante is known to have car- C ried such ornaments and is said to have been the only vessel in the sail- " ing fleet having such, which leads to c the conclusion that it was her that J' was wrecked. Her cabin was full of " water, her masts were gone and four ti dead bodies were found in her, one of them in a berth, the others on the d floor. The natives said the bodies tl looked as if they had been dead many it months, that the skin of their faces was withered and drawn tight. From 11 this description it it is surmised that l the vessel was wrecked as far back it as the winter of 1879, the first winteg G out, and that the wreck subsequently i drifted out to sea and was lost sight P' of. The sledge party being unable ci to go further was withdrawn on ac count of the melting ot snow, proceed- t ,ud to Cape Serdze, and were picked st op by Corwin on June 2!th. They fa traveled in all 13) or 140 miles. The to taltter had her rudder carried awaye ,y ice on June Ist, but the damage was repaired in St. Lawrence bay, 1l with material obtained from the ci wreck of an old whisky smuggler 53 ashore there. ,Later, she made a to iound, landing on that island, and at sent parties ashore to visit the scene " ot the destructive famine of 1878r3-'79, i. Indian villages. Few changes fri were discovered, dead bodies were co still lying about in numbers. The Pa siirriving natives appeared to be in cr no want; they were abundantly sup- C plied with arms and ammunition, "' and also with goods plundered from the wreck of the schooner Laleta. ta 'Thie last intelligence cutter's govern- u ment is up to July 9, when she sailed from Norton Sound to (ovulovil Bay, tl thence to proceed northward to Kotz- re: ebue Sound and Point Barrow to look fot after revenue matters, and then west- no ward to Wranggelland, before the ice te closed, in search for the Jeannette. 'lhe mildness of the previous winter I n :idtl the thinness of the iceencounter- 18i etd by the Corwin gave Capt. llooper mr s:rong hopes of being able to reach an ar:d explore that land. Whalers, who thit were interviewed, considered the del prospect favorable. Fears are enter tained that some whalers have been in lost, as early in July large quantities str of whale oil were reported seen by its natives and other hunters on the near the Suak Island. Fourn casksof whale oil the drifted ashore there about the same inf time. These signs give rise to the the atpprehension that some remaining ala whaler was wrecked in the fog on the to 1 routlying reef or rocks about that is- pre laid. 'lThe tfact that the packages cur ,of oil found were unbroken is thought th~e to indicate that possibly one side of St, the unfortunate vessel was broken in j letting the cargo out. No turther ed tetails of the supposed wrecks have gre ieached Alaska up to August 4, when tral the St. Paul left. ruil in two days of the present week; I claims were filed at Albany to twenty irn alleged gold mines discovered in am New York State. am .....~e--· · .... :all: Reed's Gilt Edge Tome cures Dyspepsia. : Coi A Deply toejeeUtins ra de Agasast ler the Preseat JidleicirY ystem, SinHwIvPOSr, August 11, 1551. To the Editor of the New Orleans Democrat: Ae A fair sample of the objections which have been made to the new ý,. Constitution is to be found in a late issue of the Alexandria Democrat, and republished in several papers of he the State with comments of approval. The Democrat, after a general de nunciation of the Constitutional Con vention of 1879 for having done many absurd things, and some things which brought its name into reproach, pro ceeds to state: "But it did no more 1d foolish and silly thing than in provid ing for us. such a bunglesome and useless judiciary system. With the Constitution of 1852, to which the e people were anxious to return, before 1them as a guide, they must needs try d experiments. Their experiment has now had a fair trial, and if we mis take not the people will demand a return to the old landmarks." e The above specified objection to d the Constitution of 1879 is without d any foundation in fact, and was made s i entire ignorance of the judiciary ý system established under the Consti t. tution of 1852 and of the preceding 1e Constitution of 1845. d We say the objection was made in o ignorance because the judiciary sys tem established under the Constitn g tion of 1852, which was the same as Is that under the Constitution of 1845, h is incorporated in the judiciary sys- , , tern of 1879 and is identical with it. Under the Constitution of 1852, as e well as under the Constitution of n 1845, the judiciary power was vested t in a Supreme Court, in district courts and in justices of the peace. Under the Constitution of 1842 and 1845 the Supreme Court was vested with 1 civil, probate and criminal jurisdic o tion, and the clerks of these courts were authorized to grant orders in i p certain cases in the furtherance of t justice; and justices of the peace i were invested with a limited jurisdic- ; r tion in civil and criminal cases. t Such was the judiciary system un- 1 e der the Constitution of 1852 and 1845, l 3 the whole of which was incorporated in the judiciary system of 1879. Under the new Constitution we t have a Supreme Court, with appel- ( late jurisdiction from judgment of the I inferior courts; and the clerks of these courts are authorized to grant orders in certain cases; and justices of the peace, with a limited jurisdiction in a civil and criminal cases. There is a perfect identity between the judiciary systems under the Con stitution of 1845, 1852 and 4879. so far as the systems under the Consti tutions of 1845 and 1852 have been t extended. The Constitutional Convention of 1879 not only incorporated thile judi ciary system of 1852 in the present system, but made such amendments to that system as were demanded by an enlightened public policy, the wants and necessities of the people. The present Constitution requires from four to six terms of the district courts to be held annually in e€ch parish, to dispose of the civil and criminal business, while under the Constitution of 1852 only two terms were required to be held. This amendment greatly reduced b taxation in the parishes and afforded substantial relief to the people. The present Constitution vests in t the Supreme Court power to try and remove from office inferior judges found guilty ofhabitual drunkenness, nonfeasance, misfeasance, incompe tency or corruption in office. to This was a wise and necessary ti amehdment to the judiciary system of cl 1852. It preserves good morals, re maintains the dignity of the bench, gi and secures a pure administration of he the laws in the interest of public or der and good government. as The present Constitution also vests in the Supreme Court power to re strain inferior .justices within the lim its of their jurisdiction and to compel m them to perform their duties under nil the Constitution and lawsof the State is in all cities, whether appealable to fai the Supreme Court or not. This was also a wise and necessary amendment 'sq to thejudiciary system of 1852. It prevents a denial ofjustice and se cures and enforces the legal rights of po the people in the inferior courts of the dri State. ret T'he present Constitution estarblish- hiR ed courts of appeals to remedy the bo greatest of all evils in the- admninis- bo tration of justice, the vexatious and a ruinous delays in the trial of appeals a in the Supreme Court of the State. yoi For this evil there was only one fift remedy, which was to increase the ani amount in dispute from which an bei appeal would lie to the Supreme ful Court. As this amount is increased as rior appellate tribunal be established in which the right can be exercised. L. In order to reduce the numnber of appeals to the Supreme Court, and at ins the same time not to diminish or de w ny the right of appeal when 'the amount in dispute is less than the it, appealable amount to the Sppreme of Court, it becomes necessary to estib al. lish intermediate courts of appeal. "e- The establishment of- these courts n- was no novelty, or experiment; pre y cedents were found for them in the "h judiciary systems of England, of the o- different States of the Union and of re theUnited States. There isa striking analogy between Id the appellate jurisdiction of the Cir be cuit Courts of the United States and ýe the Courts of Appeal under the new re Constitution. ry The judgment of a Circuit Court of a the United States is final, both on the s- law and facts of the case when the amount in dispute does not exceed $2000. The judgment of a Court of to Appeals, under the new Constitution it on an appeal from a District Court of le the State, is also final, both on the y law and facts of the case, when the i- amount in dispute does not exceed ig $1000, exclusive of interest. If, therefore, there be any weld in founded objection to the appellate s- jurisdiction of the Courts of appeal i- under the new Constitution, the same Is objection exists in full force against i, the appellate jurisdiction of the Cir c- cuit Courts of the United States. t" If the appealable amount to the ýs Supreme Court of the State, under )f the Constitution, be insuficient to d enable that court to consider and dis s pose of the appeals before it, within +r a reasonable delay, then that amount 5 will have to be further increased, and h the appellate jurisdiction of the - courts of appeal will have to be also ,s correspondingly increased by amend n ments to the Constitution. if This is, however, a matter which e the future business in the courts can alone determine. The judiciary sys tem under the new Constitution is - giving entire satisfaction to the peo º, ple, and no just cause of complaint d can be urged against it. There can be no reasonable objec S tions to the amendments which the - Constituttional Convention of 1879 made to the judiciary system of 1852. 1. There can be none to a more s speedy trial of civil and criminal ca ses, and the reduction of parish tax ation to defray the expenses of crimi nal prosecutions, by requiring the District Courts to hold from four to six terms annually in the several parishes. 2. There can be none to the speedy trial and removal of drunken, in Scompetent, or corrupt judges from office. 3. There can be none to the re straining of arbitrary or unlearned judges within the limits of their ju risdiction, and compelling them to perform their duties under the Con stitution and laws of the State. 4. There can he no reasonable objection to a more speedy trial of appeals and a more speedy adminis tration of justice in the Supreme Court of the State. These are the amendments made by the Convention to the judiciary system of 1852, and they have re ceived the emphatic approval of both the people and the bar. NORTH LOUISIANA. A NATURAL MIITAKE. Squire McGill had occasion to go to Cortland last week, and while there he went into a grocery and pur chased a dozen lemons, making the remark to the lady clerk that he guessed he'd have a lemonade when he got home. "Don't you want a squeezer ?" she asked. "Marm ?" "Won't you have a squeeze, sir 1" "Well, marm, ef I wus a young man I would. But I've been married nigh on to 30 years, and the old lady is dreffle sot agin huggin' onto' the family." An explanation was made, and the 'squire bought a squeezer to settle it. - ~ ~- - A Connecticut saloon keeper lost a pocketbook containing several hun dred dollars, and a boy found it and returned it to him. Tears came to his eyes as he gazed utpon the honest boy, and as hie opened the pocket book, unrolled the wad and took out a fifty dollar bill, he said, "You are a goot, honest pot. Now I vill shake you for the drinkse' and hie put the an fifty dollar bill'back in his pocket m and took down the loaded dice and, beat the boy. There are some aw ful mean men in Connecticut as well as elsewhere.-Peek's Suan. of p .t W !H a e- Wrea4Ut Irea AbEatrsI Wheel sad b- - oee flrae igtfMr, lu Inie fti~olte.i COMPLETE ORDER-OUARIANTEED AS ts GOOD AS NEW. Just the thing for a Cotton Gin-or 1 t Cane le Mill. For sale Cheap. Address, le JAENs H.AWs O,, f 'Or inclare Plantation, Brly~ ho. · THE'fGENUINE SINGER r Ld . TRADE . . MARK .e d n SSewing Machine d 500,000 OLD ANNUALLY. Two.thirda of all the Sewing Machines sold in the United States are SINGERS. The best is the cheamest, and the tSfner is the best. It will last a life time. Send for pricelist. THE SINGER MANUFACTURING CO., 85 Canal Street, New Orleans. -Branch office- e Main Street, BATON ROUGE, La. B. B. KEYSER, Manager. J. J. CAPDEVIELLE, --DEALER IN SGROB RIES AND LIQIUOIR .EAR CORN, Lime, Holpple Flatboat Aleut. All orders for Goods in the above line will re ceive prompt attention. Deals only in first-class 1 articles, such as are suited to this section of coantry. Calll and examine for yourselves. 1 March 6, 1880. v3n4v. t O e O a-t 'V And Manfacture.'s Agent, m opol- 0 Cant St., New Orlea1n. a ! Cut, ut 3-lr JX fPOx T~E~I L11IIAAID iStems rmral cuhsrp h ol I.hseerse.Poduto wms Th~osadhetetdi.LETOCfote blodblt, t. ee alst ueC IL ad, FEER Slbydrgitancoty O~l~wSumekars MERCH'J om . fn ý._Ifk 4 . Y b . pleet a7 %Cse. ASo.h t. ,,'ups Ineorporated in 1868 for R TWENTY FIVE YEAR8I By the Legislature of the State for Educational and Charitable prposes with a Capital of $1,000,000! To which a reserve fund of over S$420,000!oo has since been ad4ed in By an overwhelming me PopU.1ax TVote its franchise was made a part of the present State Constitution, adopted De cember 2d, A. D. 1879. ITS GRAND SINGLE NUMBER DISTRI. BUTION WILL TAKE PLACE MONTH. LY ON THE SECOND TUESDAY. e- IT NEVER SCALES OR POSTPONES! if Look at the Following Distribution ! Grand Monthly Distribulon J CLASS J, AT NEW ORLEANS, Tuesday, Sept. 13, 1881. Capital Prize, SSO, 000! 100.OO0 Tickets at $2.OO Each HalfTickets, $1. LIST OF PRIZES: I CAPITAL PRIZE...............30,000 1 .. .. ............... 10,000 1 -- .. ............... 5,000 1 2 PRIZES OF 2,500.................. 5,000 S,ooo0................ 5,000 0 500................ 10,000 A 100 .. oo100................ 10,000 1 200 .. 50................ 10,000 500 .. 20............... 10,000 1000 .. 10................ 10,000 APPROXIMATION PRIZES 9 Approximation Prizes of #300........."2,700 9 do do 200.......... 1,800 9 do do 100......... 900 1857 Prises, amounting to............. 110,400 Applications for rates to clubs should be made only ta the office of tho Company in New Orleans. Write for circulars or send orders to b 31. A. DAUPHIN, 2 NEW ORLEANS, LA. Al or our Grand EXTERAORDINAiRY DRAWINGS C Under the supervision and management of Gal. B. T. EBIIJ lD, df loniaiaa, i, ld oa. JWIL I. KlL1, of Jirgiaia Capit- l Pl, P.m. Whole akete,611.I MARG MECHANICA I t . ILOUISIANA. Finest quality of Wines and LiMura. Lunch from 10 A. N. to li P. . FRED. BERTRAND, NEW ORLEANS; LA. GEM SALOO, Oyster i .Bay, 17 ROYAL STREET NEW OORLEAN F inest Wines and Liquors. LOS ch from ALL. LOUI CP. OOL. HALL & COOK, No 24 FRESt. Charles treet, NEW ORLEANS, and EI LIS,'FPSTOLS, SfTIIl and SIHING TACKLE of every daerr~ . iPire Arum Repaied cnd 'lested. GUNS RE.BORED TO SHOOT CLOSE. OP. O. Box 3r7. SMactur of Hard Rubber and Duck Call to anything ever used. N. Auath' FafigLinesa 1spealty.Wholegale Agynt. f0or McUniel 's Rus Preventle. AGELNTS FOR THE BAKER CUE. C08MOPOLITAN RESTAURANT, NOS. 13 & t15 ROYAL STREET, NEW ORLEANS. LOUIS CHAPLAIN. ...PROPRIETOR The FINEST ROOMS for the accommodation of travelers at all times. EVERY DILICACY the market affords served in the very best style by polite attendants. Charges modee. L. C. ARNY, • 2o,28 & 80 so Bienuil St., * NEW ORLEANS,.LA. SNorthern Cider, Ginger Ale, Lemonade and Sarsaparilla, WM. MASSEY & CO.'S PHILADELPHIA DRAFT ALE A SPECIALTY. Crescent City Spring Water From Waiukesha, Wi. In barrels, half barrels and bottles constantly on hand. Send fo'r reul vir. p.1y Ca'Med PreshAppleg. GRATED.."3 pound amos," so cents. UTHARTEEDS.1 gallo cam csaent& THE FIREST ms4ChssPggt .