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IL. .MILOLER. Editor.
ENNDT. : : LOUISIANA.
Two and by two fl the doves through the
Past the red sunset's far lines;
Past the tall, sentinel pines;
Dip the long willow-tips, yellow and
Down where the dark water shines,
Glowing in hollows, where floats the bent
Scimitar-like of the moon:
Where the round sand-eddies croon;
Down where the sinuous brook-currents
Dripping through rock-niches hewn.
Two and by two go the reapers together,
Figures in dusky relief;
Bearing the scythe and the sheaf;
'Vhere the keen tang of the Autumny
Perfumes each blossom and leaf.
Two and by two stoop the doves to the
Where the wind's whisperings pass
Through the wet reeds and the grass,
Down where the river its still bosom
Gray and transparent as glass.
Two and by two drift the bronze upland
Bird-shapes thro' mist-spaces blown,
Over the meadows new mown;
And I and the night, like a lass and her
Meet in the twilight alone.
-Earnest McGaffey, in WVoman's Home
The Boy and the Woman. :
By A. Myers.
IN THE CONSL'LTING-ROOI.
fiA tHAT'S a fellow to do, Doc
f tor ?"
"D)o? You blithering idiot. Go
home if you can't give it up."
"No names, Doctor dear. Shure it's
mesilf that hasn't got the passage
"Where's the £200 .you had last
Tom Griffiths blew a silent but sig
nificant ejaculation out of his cigar
ette, and lay back with a smile in
the doctor's leathern armchair.
"She's devilish pretty," he said,
after a moment's silence.
"That's the word," responded the
More silence, filled up by energetic
"Can't think why you bother your
head about me, Doc."
"Can't think 'why I do, except
that I've seen such a lot of chaps
go the same way."
A flush mounted to the lad's face.
He rose and turned his back-a strong
muscular back-to his friend.
"Where are you going?"
"To the Devil, Doctor dear."
And the door closed sofitly.
AT THE DEVIL'S.
"You're late. Tommy."
For answer he drew a low chair up
"May I smoke?"
She held a lighted match to his
cigarette. Hie puffed for a moment,
then drew the hand to his lips.
"You're looking awfully fit to-night.
TVhat's that thing you've got on. I
haven't seen it before."
"That's the New Creation. Flam
and's. She says I'm the only woman
here who could wear it. It's copied
from a print of Louire de la Valliere."
Tommy didn't know who Louise de
la V'alliere was, so he nodded wisely.
"Did you have a hard day?"
"No. Licked 'era easily. Why didn't
"Who was there?"
"All the pretty women. They'd
have looked ugly beside you."
She smiled. "I am pretty, am I
not? That's why you like me, isn't
He drew an end of the loose lace
about her neck and kissed it.. He was
perilously near her face, but she did
not move except for the faintly ac
celerated pulsation of her breast.
"Doe wants to send me home."
She smiled bitterly. "Out of my
"Why do you let him malign you.
An undercurrent of controlled pas
silon escaped him.
"They--T-we're none of us fit to tie
"You're silly now, Tommy. Don't
idealize. I don't pretend to you. Threy
-pay for my silks. D)on't you?" The
sentences came with difficulty. She
let her fingers slide along her skirt.
smoothing the soft folds. She laughed
into his eyes, lnut there was a tired
ness in hers that hurt him.
"I love silks-and-scents-and
flowers-and luxury. They're meat
and drink to me."
"And we pay for them-and jolly
glad to get the chance, too-to have
the pleasure of looking at you," he
"And-to kiss me-sometimes."
"I dare swear," he said indifferent
ly. "A man would be a fool not to
"But-you never have, Tommy."
Her voice was very low.
He flushed red. "No, dear."
And then Fleurette did a funny
thing. She put her arms round the
boy's neck and kissed him on thie lips.
He didn't move.
"I love you, Tommy, I love you!"
"I believe you do, my dear." ills
voice was husky, hut he disengaged
her arms and she smiled again into his
"You have the most reason to doubt
me-and you believe ini me. Incredi
*I must go, Fleurette.n
S"''ou've aily come:"
.*!ll come again tomorrow--if I
"And to-morrow, and to-morrow.
And Doc will send you home after
that, and itcwill be good-bye."
"I can't give you silks and cushions
"And-I can't do without them
IN THE CONSULTING-ROOM.
"Hullo! Back again?" The doctor
hadn't moved from his placid position,
save in the shifting of a big tome
which lay open at his elbow.
"Yes. I'm restless. Give me an
"Not I. Look at this diagram of
the battle of Omdurman."
"Oh, d-m Omdurman."
"Quite so, quite so. Have a drink.
The whisky's behind you, brandy to
"Doe, that girl's as good as they're
"Quite so, quite so. They've all
said so. Never knew one that wasn't."
"I tell you, Doc- "
The doctor flicked some ash off his
waistcoat. There was a pleasant
flavor of cigar-atmosphere in the
room, homely and pervading.
"It's serious, then."
"Well, ask her to marry you."
Tommy laughed. There was a
curious strain in his voice.
"She wouldn't, Doc."
"Have you tried?"
The boy buried his face in his
hands. "She's fond of me," he gulped
"She's fonder of the Devil."
"No, only of silks and things
dolls and sweets."
"Did she tell you so?"
The doctor whistled and finally
brought out his first remark: "My
boy, go home."
"Yes, yes, I will, I will. I'll go
A FAG-END OF CONVERSATION ON
"What's the run going to be to-day.
Jack nodded his bald, grey-fringed
"Ye mann consult the second en
gineer. Ile knows more about it than.
"Hullo, Fabert, we're just. talking
about you. Come and give ius a tip."
Fabert lounged up to them.
"Can't. I say, that chap Grifliths-
by Jove-I never saw such a chap.
Ten whiskys and it's not 11 o'clock
yet, and as fit as a fiddle. Pity, isn't
"He's going home. Shipped out, and
I should reckon shipped back. Some
thing about a girl. Thle best of them
isn't worth the spoiling of ai boy like
that. I've half a mind to try and
pull him in. Stick tight and preach
'the guv'nor.' atnd 'prove yourself a
man,' and all the rest of it."
"IHe's too (leep in now. Ilced think it.
irn awfully good joke, and have the
whole ship down on you, Saint "a
Fa'bert Sighed. "I'm sorry for the
"lHe'll get over it. They all do.
What will the run be?3 :3h4?"
"haven't the ghost of an idea."
He lounged off again, and ilhe man
who had accosted him lit a cigarette.
"Never can get an~Sything out of thal
c;lap. lie's so close and so selfish."
TO THOMAS GRIFFITHS.
New Year's Day.
hJear Tommy-Your letter reached
me in the middle of a supper party
with your pal Timothy and the V'yner
girls. At the next table was Mrs. Pal
grave. When she was Nelly l'ellett
she was grateful to mle for my cast
off gowns. She cut me dead. I was
tremendously amused, andi we drank
her health. Good champagne, Toinuny.
Why weren't you there? We also drank
yours. and then-I don't know why-
but mine suddenly tasted all wronia.
Blest l'errier-Jouet, too! Then, in
conies the l'rince. lie had been to my
place, and Milly tolt him where we
were, so elit brought up my letters.
One was yours, the other ia irovoking
bill from Flanumland. wh-o refuses to
make my Ilnew tel-gown until her
"little account" is settled. Little ne
count, intledtl! £74. I couldn't hellp
letting a tilny tear drop omn 1the P'rince's
glove,. and he swore he'd wipe out the
delit with his blood. llt I'd sooner
have eash. And I lent him the fifty
I horrowed from you the other day
to pay a debt of honor, so I know
hlie hasn't got any. I'm sending'you
by the same post £30 of the amount
you lent mne. Hlow did I get it? Well.
I was lucky at the races on Satiurday,
and if something comes off hefore
next W'ednesday-I won't tell you
what, as it's a dead secret with the
Prince--I'll hand you over the balance
next week and clear off Flamand too.
Oh dear, how I want money-and how
I love you, Tommy dear. I laugh and
joke with T'im and the others, hilbut
my heart is heavy. Timmy calls me.
He asks me to sing "Du fragst mich
taglich" and "Ich libe dich," and I sit
dlown to the piano; but instead my
fingers play "Ich grolle nicht," andil I
find the tears getting into my voice.
Hleigh-ho! Are you playing the good
brother in Ireland? Taking Molly to
the rectory to have tea with the one
and only curate, and piloting Norah
Malone through the mazes of cro
quet? There isn't any Norah Malone?
Oh. yes there is, but maybe she goes
by another name. She's small and
round, with innocent blue eyes and
a pouting mouth, pink and white all
over, and sunny hair. Have you told
her yet that it's like wisps of gold ?
Jealous? Of course I'm jealous, Tom
my dear. But I think you'd like oys
ters and champagne like we had on
your birthday-do you remember 'how
Tim spilt the may.onnaise over my new
gown?-better than wishy-washy tea
and bread and butter and the pretti
est. ingenue :ever created by Pinero
and company. Come back, and I'll in
vite you again, and give you a lovely
cushioned chair all to, yourself, and
sing reveries and cradle-songs and
love-songs--oh yes, especially love
songs-to you till you shut your
mouth with kisses-what am I saying?
No, no, let us be careful, and cold
surtout cold. But one little kiss does
not matter, does it? Just before one
goes out into the night-which is so
callous, -so indifferent. And so I bid
you farewell, Tommy dear. Hope for
a letter next week. It will mean my
luck is in. Your Fleurette.
"It's no good, Dad. I've stuck to it
six months and it's killing me by
inches. i'll have to go."
They were seated in the big book
lined library. Thomas Grifliths, sen
ior, upright in his red leathern chair,
calm and dignified, observed his son
from beneath acute, shaggy eyebrows.
"So I see. It's the young blood again,"
he sighed. "I thought you had sown
your oats, but it seems there's still
a plentiful crop."
"Indeed, dad, you're wrong. I'll
be as steady as the Inchcape Rock,
but-I must get away. I'm choking."
"Can't brook restraint. Home ties
-what are they? Brittle as paper,
solid as water. fMy son!" lie turned
over the leaves of the "Graphic" with
a large paper-knife. and iet his eyes
rest vacantly on the pictures. Sud
denly he spoke again.
"Of course, there's a woman. Will
you tell me who and what she is?"
The roots of Tommy's hair blushed
a quivering red.
"There's no woman," he said, after
"'And before the cock crows ye
shall deny me thrice!' 0 love!"
Thlrough the stained-glass window
fell shafts from the westering sun.
Long shadows lay across the thick
pile carpet, the face of the old man
glea-med like the emontionless stern
ness of a sculpture in the dying light.
"You are choosing. Thomas," he
said at last. "'My way or thy way.
There is no going back. My fortune
goes to your sister if you thwart me.
I can allow you nothing any more."
"I can't stick it, dad," lie repeated
doggedly. "I'm sorry to cross you,
but the fever's in my blood. The hat
tie-cries drown the voice of agricul
"You are not in the army?''"
"The hattle-cry of life. dad, of the
world-the struggling-t he swimmning
to shore. the hurzzas, the champagne.
I must get hack to it, sink or swim."
Mr. Grifiths rose. "I don't speak
your language Thomas. 1 belong to
the old school, I suppose. You have
gone beyond me. Unless you c'hange
your nlind before to-morrow week our
ways lie apart. I)o ntot seek to alter
my decision. You know my--shall we
call it-obstincy-? (;oaodl-niglt.'"
Upstairs in tie bouldoir of his dead
wife Thomas (iritlit Its, senior,. un
locked an eseritoaire. Drawing out a
miniature of a little lad in a Scotch
suit. he held it to the light . while. dliag
onal lines fronl nostril to mouth
deepetled into plougllhed furrows.
"He should have bien named Ab
salom,n" he said bitterly,.
A familiar knock drew Fleurette
bolt upright. She waited breat hlessly.
The door handle was impatiently
turned and a sunbulllrnt nilll stood
bareheaded in the middle of the room.
Tommy didn't say anything. lie
devoured her with his eyes, from the
sober serge gown to the bangleless
"What does it mean. Flehure'tte?"
She laughed. bult the blotod flared in
"-What an aw-ful time sinlce I've seen
yoau? I believe you've grown."
"\What does it mean. Flehurette?"
"What does what doe means hat Don't he
so silly. Tonmmy. You look as if you
were going to eat nme."
"Tell me. please."
"Don't you like it ?'"
Tommy spoke slowly. "No, I like
the gew-gaws. frills anad things.
Where alre they?"
"1've c'hlangReI--t ired of t hem. I'm
capricious. You haven't saidl you're
g'la to see me."
lie looikel alt her with suclth iint, nsity
that. she stirred uneaasils-.
"'(olne andI tell inie iall ya'ul've seen
anld alhlna. I've lbeen ]lhul'gerinFg for
"Is that true?'"
"'Of course not. Do 0o1 think I
should say so if it was? I want to be
They sat down, and a stratined si
lence fell laetween them. Tommy
broke it diffidently.
"I've got a billet with a chap who
came asut on my boat. Rle's on
'change.' A speculator, rich as Croe
sus. I get £30 a month and pros
"It will keep you in tobnacco."
"I'mn not sure. It will give us oys
ters once in a way."
"I don't like oysters any more,
"It will buy an occasion ficlhu."
"T-don't like fichus."
"It will let us aask Tim and the
Prince and Milly -"
"Milly's married, and-TI haven't
seen Tim or the P'rince for six
Tommy got uip and paced the room.
"Then what in the world's to pre
vent us-to prevent you-to prevent
"I don't know. 'Tommy dear. Ex
cept that you won't ask me."
"No, I won't, by Jupiter. I'll take
you without asking."
"Oh! Fleurette. Flenrette." The
boy's sobs betrayed the man. Andl
Doe was best man after all. -Idler.
HE WANTED SEEEPS.
With Whiceh to Ensage in the Game
with Antes and the
A young Frenchman, recently na'
rived in this city, found .himself in
a pleasant boarding house in Michi
gan avenue, wnere most of the board
ers were of long residence and were
well acquainted-almost as members
of a family, says the Chicago Chron
icle. The Frenchman was a bright,
intelligent, gentlemanly fellow, and
was taken into full fellowship soon.
One night a little poker game was
started-a "penny ante" game, or
something of the kind. The French
man took to it very quickly, and
found it very fascinating. The next
day he detern'ned to purchase for
himself a poker outfit to take back
with him to France when he should
return. So he went to "a large de
partment store and asked if they
had some "sheeps."
"Upstairs," said the polite clerk,
"in the toy deparment."
The young man went up two floors
and again asked for "sheeps."
"Over in the far corner," said the
When he reached the counter to
which he had been directed a young
worian to whom he made known his
wants showed him a number of
wooden sheep wtli, wool fastened
"Pardon; ect ees not zese I want.
I weesh 'sheeps.' "
"Well. these are certainly sheep."
said the young woman. "and they are
very good sheep." Then a new idea
enlme to her, and she added: "Of
course, if you want something cheap
er. you lwill find some tin animals
over at that other counter," point
ing across the room.
"linut it is not "sheeps' I want, but
'sheeps.' I want not 'sheeps' ze ani
mals. buit 'sheeps to play wiz."
"\IM dear sir, these are 'sheept to
play with!' "
The poor man was growing dis
tressed, when a setond girl cams to
the rescue. "I know \\ lwhat you want."
she said. "colme with tile."
Hle went with lier. aind she piloted
hint over to a ceunter on which
were piled miniature ships, yachts.
and so forth.
"There you are!" she exclaimed, tri
"BIut eet ees no, not zis! It is
'sheeps' zat I want."
By this time it began to be the
general impression on the floor that
the man was crazy, and this was
strengthened by his explanation that
he wanted the "sheeps" for his 'aun
"T'he'y nlust keep a boarding
house." whispered one girl to anoth
er. "'and he has nmistaken this for a
l1n t a sophisticated man overheard
the F.'renchnian's last remark, and
"i:xcuse mts,. sir. but I think I un
derst what t you want-poker
chipls. isni't it ?'"
"Smtrt'lee!. Sheeps for pokeair! Zat
ee l; ct!"
HIS BLUFF DID NOT WORK.
Culled for "PI'ickled Elephant" But
Took ('heerne Snndwlic'hen
Stories o1 Yankae shrewdness have
al 'a\\ s y been w\idt liy Ii irctulalt ed, bit
when one gets ahead of a Yankee
there is very little said about it, espe
cially on the part of the man from
the north. Several dayvs ago a hotel
keeper at a small station ca one of
thlie roads running out of lMemphis
put the lautgh on a drunnmmer from
the north in a very good way. and
thte traveling inan was conmll'lt'ed to
b)eat at hasty retrenat. The drullnner
arrived at the hotel about .eight
o'clock in the evining.'and fearing,
that he would not be al114' to get
any supper he asked the Iantidlord
what he could get to eat.'re'attes the
"Mv friend." stid the hotel kerper.
"I can give you anything front a
pic'kled elephant t.o a broliled ctanary
bird's tongue for sutpper to-night."
The drummer looked at the "man.
and, thinking that lihe was jesting.
decidtled to (all his bluff.
"'.\ll right, myII friend." said tle
ldruntlmer: "I'll take snnome picied
"'Vetry v \'ell." said thle host, "I'll go
and get it."
lie was pone aibollt five mitiUtmes
and wrhen hlie retutrned said:
"All right. sir: supper wilt be ready
in a moment. You'll have to talk a
whlole one. ais we don't carve themn
The drummer decided that he was
not very hiuniigry, and took sonime
The Mlnmion of Good Hlonel.
We have spoken of the curse of snob
bery. The surest and quickest way to
crush iX out of American sioiety is to
teach our children to value others aind
estimate their own worth by what they
canl produce that is useful ad tdi that
is beneficial to others. And that their
business in life is not to see how much
pleasure they can get, but how mnuch
they can give. instead, therefore, if
weikly clinging to our children andt
ntikiing thent weak by pamnliering themn
in the homne. let us feel that our pa rt
or theirs is not done until we have
taught them to be strong to hIear ant
forbear, to do fore themselves and
carry help and cheer to others. Let us
not hamper their career's with tour vain.
regrets at their leavingi us. but help
themt in all Iupward. onward tend
Prepared for the Enmergebcy.
Sh e-Faith. 't is veryt suddint !
He-An' is it toitne yez want to think
"Och! SNot a hit! Sure, I thought it
w, ould be suddint!"--Pick.
FASHION'S FANIE .
Pkstty Features of the Late Cotatwes
-Newr Ideas in Hato, Trim.
The arttractive use of black velvet,
so popular on summer gowns, will be
extended to the fall and winter cos
tumes. The ribbon designed to trim
the bottom of flounces and skirts will,
however, be wider than formerly.
Lengthwise bands of black and colored
velvet are a charming decoration for
evening gauze dresses. They will be
most in style when sewed down closely
to the top of the flounce, with the end
falling over the flounce in a graceful
loop, says :: fashion authority.
Long boas, reaching almost to the
feet, are among the striking acces
sories to the costume as fall approach
es. If .the collar is of mousse-line de
sole, instead of making the long ends
of the same material, a pretty effect is
gained by a finish of velvet ribbon,
with a cluster of extremely long loops
and ends. 'Brussels net may be em
ployed in the same way wi~th black sat
in ribbon. Black and white boas, in
which the white largely predominates,
also promise to take the -popular fancy,
and among the latest novelties are
those of black liberty silk, with black
and white handkerchief ends.
Round English walking hats of gray
beaver are p.retty for early fall wear.
One of these, stiffened in .the brim but
having a soft crown, is trimmed with
Persian silk, laid loosely around the
crown, and a couple of wings. An
other charming little hbat for rough and
ready wear has a stiff crown with a
perfectly flat top and a broad brim,
while the only decoration is a narrow
band of silk around the crown.
The new ruffled sleeve is :,ne of the
most fascinatinag creations. and lends
itself admirably to the lacy, flounced
evening dresses so much worn. In 1his
sleeve the tight effect is retained from
shoulder to elbow. while from that
point the sleeve falls in two,. three or
four flounees about the 1:wer arm.
Full lengith I lose sleeves may also be
made, and the ruffles plnced on them
with a similar effect.
Mock jewels of s.ilk embroidtery on
black hose aire amongo the latest fads.
One extremely pretty pair displayed
recently had a dninly all-over lace pat
tern running half way up the stocking,
and the jewels were worked in red and
white over the instep.
Tiny buckles or buttons are much
chosen now to set off the high belts
which are made of velvet straps ar
ranged in fa~n-shape front and back.
The buckles are placed at the points
or extremities of the ribbon straps.
The broad collars of lace fancied
most for evening wear just noiw are
made full, and fall over the shoulders
in folds, reaching sometimes nearly
to the waist. A handsome lace in enru
shade is one of the mo,st fashionable
mnaterials fti' these collars.
CALF'S FOOT JELLY.
Ennily Preplnred and Very Pnlatable
and Nonriahing to the Delicate
This is a delicious form of gelatine
jelly with which we are so famiti:iar. for
gelatine is made of nothit r else than
lhe feet iof calves and of o( her animals
and of similar substances. Time is
too val'uable to s.petid in tnatling jelly
from't calves' feet. but eca-iunally it
iay lie worth w' hile ;:,i '''}are ja:le -
thus, if only to apl,e.r ia u;e ltlw l xuy
of modern labor-saiwi:ng Im .It ,,:-. \'e
insist, however, that there i- no su
lperiority in jelly n t te iilret :\ i'fr, ll
calves' feet and tha it.h'e ' '' ,
extrac.ted froml calc. - ' c :" in trust
vworthli nulatlllfeturers. says the New
I'Procurtre four feet of a ea:f 'ihich
have beeln ciarefully 'elia:ned by the
butcher. loil sloe ly in four quarts
of water.(put over them cold) until
the liqc(ide is reduced one-half. It should
take about six hours. sit'in the liquor
and let it stantid over night. hlen skim
ifT alll the fat anti add a pint of orange
juicye. the ,juire of a lenm on. faor cups
of .surar. a litt le cinnation and half thet
peel of the orad'ge used. Add also'the
whites of tlree eggs anid the shells
broken up. Let the. liquid slowly come
:to the bh iling point- and -let it sim-nl .t
12 titlutes slowly. At the end of thisb
time st rain t het jielly thr',ugh a fluatnuel
iau- tw ice. l'ur'i i iinto molds ti nd let
it cool on the ice or too'4r it itntil firm.
Olive anti E~gg Sanlad.
lRemiove the sh(ells fromI tht nlllutIlier
of hard-boileld e.ggs 'desired. and be
gitining ah thle sitil tend ciit the
'whitee, almlost to tlhe base. into fiftlhs
lIntgthwise. rt''tmoving thie yolks: tien
back tthe petals lthus fornd so that
they will cutrl piretti[y. and tint them
a le'liuttte pink with beet jitie: niush
the yolks to a smlooth cream, addll
chopped olives-half a cupful to, half
a dozen egg"s--and a teaspoonful of
paprika: mold again intoe balls, re
turn to the tinteu petals, prick with
a fork to roughen the surfaee, and
pIlce on each a tablespootnftl of may
ounnaise: set each in a nest of fringed
endive. This is especially artistic. re
semblilng pink blossoms with golden
hearts.--People's H omte Journal.
Tomatuto 2uustu ld.
Slice hilf a bushel of ripe tomatoes,
bruise hlilf a cdozen, small rtet plieppers
;and adld to, tile tomatoes; buil for ione
hour. then rub through a coarse sieve;
anrd two tablespoonfuls of blactk pep
petr. i 'vo otllluces of ginger, ani otunce of
nilspice. half anII ounce of cloves.eig gt h
of an Oulliee of nmace, quarter of a
piund of salt: boil gently for an houlr.
\\h'len cold stir in twoi oOuntes oIf nuts
laturd, two of curry powder and a plint
of vinegar.--Washington Star.
Shell c'ean a pint of shrimps. chop
very fine, add l1, tablespoons of lemni
.juice and three tablespons of oil may
onnaise. Spread between buttered
folds of white bread.--Good llouse.
-The tTnlted `ma ti n t b ahiL O :
flat settleahents, 'the rest of h
Of the 125 schools which the Gerx
man government supports abroad,
12 are in British territory.
.Jhe total Roman Catholic popula
tion of the British empire is 10,500,
000, of which 3,549,000 are Irish.
The small German university town
of Jena has no fewer than seven free
reading rooms, with newspapers and
Mark A. Hanna and William J.
Bryan have each given $100 toward
lifting the debt of Nebraska Wesley
England holds the record for mis
sionaries, with a total of 5,136. Next
comes the United States with 4,110,
and Germany is a bad third with
In England only one child receives
secondary education to 15 who re
ceive elementary; WVales is the only
part of the kingdom which has a
complete scheme of secondary edu
Three European Buddhists are now
in Burmah with the avowed object
of turning the Christian converts
back to Buddhism, and two Amer
ican women from Chicago are on
their way there for a similar pur-\,
pose. Among the natives these for
eigners seem to have unlimited in
To-day there are 629 universities
and colleges and 43 schools of tech
nology in the United States. The
total value of the property possessed
by institutions for -higher ecation
amounts to $342,8,36(il, a gain of
about $I31.00.000 over the amount for
the preceding year. The endowment
fund amounts to $134.121t.tl0. The
total income for the year. excluding
benefaet lolls, almounted to $27.739,
1154. The value of gifts and bequests
during the year I -,S-lPt99 amounted
to $21.925.4:3. Soime $2.500 is invested
for each student who is now enjoy
ing the advantages of any of the in
stitutions of learning.
TESTING VASES FOR AGE.
Can Be Fixed Approxinintely by the
Ise of the Magnet-How
It Is Done.
The attempt to ascertain the age of
a porcelain vase by testing it with a
magnet may appear to the lay mind
as rank lunacy. but a French scientist
with the musical name of Fo'lphoraiter
claims, with much plausibility, that he
can fix, approximately, the dates of
old potteries in this way, says the Chi
The magnetic needle dioes not, as
many people suppose, point exactly
to the north, but deviates from a north
and south line to an extent which dif
fers in different places, and also varies
froom year toi year tit th-e same place.
At I'aris,. for example, the deviation,
or "declination," as it is technictally
called, was 11 /.. degrees to the east in
thie yveal 15S0. In (1663 there was no
detclination-that is, the needle pointed
due north. Since then the declination
has been westerly. The greatest west
erly declination-about 2'-/ ., degrees
occurred in 183;5, since which time the
needle has been slowly coming back to
the meridi:an. The ec lint i.mn is now
It- than 1.5 degree,.e anLd il aunother
centuryv it will te zero.
Furthermiore, a. l .11 Vc ii'ti- t it
nmi:inetie . i', F t<;.e not he, horizon- -
tulLi tl o nt i ton\aird the ntorlIh, and
hLi d pippin g, or "inclination," varies,
as the declination does. It is evident
that if we know the inclination and
declination for all past times, or konw
the laws of their variation so that we
can compute their values at any epoch,
we carn fix the date of any occurrence
by the declination and inclination at
Now, most clay contains ican and is
magnetized in the dir'ection of the pre
vailing force-that is. parallel to
the co(mpass needle. \W'hen the clay
is "fired." or baked, the direction of
t.his mragmetism becomes fixed, parallel
with the direction of the compass
needle at that instant. Hence, if the
resulting vase or brick were undis
turbede.it would preserve, graven in it,.
so tYo speak. a record of the date at
which it was made.
Vase(s are disturbed. anti we c.annotl
fell which side was north in the firing
kiln, so that we cannot use the ma.g
nettie "'declination." but we cnt make
use o<. the "dip," or iatclinatiin.
This ingenious method has been ap
plied to vuses of the lroman and Etrus
can periods. The former give a very
different inclination from the latter,
indicating a great difference in age,
which is at least interesting and grati
fying as a first result.
Other investigators have endeavored
to fix in a similar way the epochs of
volcanic eruptions from the magnet
ism ot clay beds which have been cov
ered and baked by hot lava. No satis,
factory results have yet been obtained,
Retirement of the Sword.
The sword, which has had so long
and so distinguished a military record,
has been placed on the retired list.
itritish army authorities have decided
that in the future unmounted officers
shall carry carbines instead of swords
during mnaneuvers and inactive service.
The decision is the result of experience
gained in the war in South Africa. The
sword is not only useless as a weapon,
except in close quarters, but it servea
as a mark to distinguish the officer
from his men. He thus becones a tar
get for the enemy's sharpshooters,
and when the private soldiers shall
have small power of initiative, as is
the case in most European armies, the
loss of a large number of officers may
mean disaster. The passing of the
sword is one of the signs of the
changed conditions of war.-Youth'u.