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7. :Hag ius,
" S .
in~ a Walker Building. with Dr.
. Phone 2S.
Owner. %F %V
sare after yor trade in the food
di neUa. We areafter it with good,
h el, honest feed; with prompt er
,wiee, tb wleighte and right prloee. It
d eeoa't matter to u whether you buy
'feeod for one horseo or a hundred-we
wanr toedl yea what oeed you hbuy.
FAIN & KRIELOW
DR. E. A. LEE,
Rooms 1 and 2, Morse Building.
OFFICE HOURS 2 to 3 p. m.
Residence, North Main street.
C. E. TERRY, M, D.,
Special attention given Surgery, Sur
gical Diseases and Diseases of Women
Local Surgeon for Southern Pacific
OFFICE t CITY PSIARIlACY.
RESIDENDE: DeJOAN HOUSE.
TELEPHONE No. 5.
DR. THOS, L. TERRY,
Physician and Sunreon.
Special attention given Surgery, Sur
gical Diseases, and Diseases of Women
Chief Local Surgeon for Southern Pa
Office: Over Walker's Store
Residence North Mlin St.
E. S. HEMPSTEAD,
JUSTICE of the PEACE.
Collections given prompt attention.
Office next to Terry's drug store.
D. M. GOzme. FRxNK COTroN.
SlIER & COTTON,
CIVIL ENGINEERS '*W '
*F xv and SURVEYORS.
Mr. Cotton will locate in Welsh and
Mr. Grier will continue to reside in
Rates $10 per day. Assistants and
Expenses extra. 283&wlm
D. R. WILLIAMS & CO.,
Real : Estate
Wild Lands, Improved Farms
and Town Lots. Rice and Pine
Lands in Louisiana and Texas.
Office in the new Iiullick Building,
E, F. ROWSON & CO.,
Wild Lands, Improved Farms and
Town Lots, Rice and Pine Lands
in Louisiana and Texas.
CITY BAKERY, 2
BOLLICH BROS, Props. +
Headquarters for fine Bread and
Cakes. Bread delivered to your
own door. Patronize homeindustry.
IMPORTED AND DO
Wholesale agents. Jennings, La.,
Branch A. T. Morris Wholuesele Ci
gar House, Cincinnati. Ohio.
QUEEN & CRESCENT
'i IROUT E. L
The Beat Line to New YorkPhila.
di1phia. Baltimore, Washington, Cin
,'lanati, Chattanooga, Birmingham and
'* l; dinta in the.East.
Through Bleeper, New Orleans to
New York via Chattanooga, Bristol,
Lynohburg, Washington and Pennsyl
PIllman Sleeper, New Orleans to
Dinng Car Service on both New
''Ikia Cincinati Lines. serving all
ed Information tarnished
aa ' SL~e. mdon,
What Caused the Great Illinois Soldier to Forget
The attitude of Gen. John A. Logan.
.in' the exciting days immediately fol
lowing the first election of Liacoln and
the outbreak of the civil war has been"
the subject of a good deal of discus
sion, to which a writer for the Illinois
State Register of Springfield, IlL, has
just contributed an interesting chap
Aocording to "Appleton's Encyclope
dia of Amqrican Biography" Gen. Lo
gan was from the first an ardent sup
porter of Lincoln and the Union. It
"On the first intimation of coming
trouble from the South he (Logan) de
clared that in the event of the elec
tion of Abraham Lincoln he would
shoulder his musket to have him in
Further on the encyclopedia says:
"In July, 1861, during the extra ses
sion of congress called by President
Lincoln he (Logan) left his seat in
congress that he might overtake the
troops that were marching out of
Washington to meet the enemy, and
fought in the ranks of Col. Richard
son's regiment in the battle of Bull
With both these statements the
writer in the Illinois State Register
takes issue. Describing himself as a
warm friend and admirer of Gen. Lo
gan, he avers that Logan did not sym
pathize with Lincoln at the start and
was not favorable to the cause of the
Union when the war began.
He further says that while Logan's
patriotism was fired by the roar of
the Bull Run guns, the story that he
left his seat in congress to overtake
and fight in the ranks of the Union ar
my at Bull Run is erroneous. He says:
"The history of Gen. John A. Lo
gan is a family one, and the object of
the writer is to correct that history
with no intent or aim to pluck from
the brow of one of America's bravest
a single laurel to which he is entitled
or to wrong his memory in the slight
est degree. But the truth, the whole
truth and nothing but the truth, as
the oath goes, is this:
"John A. Logan was not favorable
to the Union side when the war of the
rebellion commenced, and those who
claim that he was not only do him but
themselves a great wrong.
"On the contrary, John A. Logan
denounced the war as a 'damned Abo
lition scheme to free the nigger,' and
went so far in his denunciation of the
Lincoln party, as he termed it, as to
denounce Douglas and many of his
warmest friends in Springfield and at
his home. On the train upon which
Douglas and his wife were going to
Chicago, he declared in the hearing of
hundreds of people:
"'Douglas has sold out the Demo
cratic party, but I'll be damned if he
can deliver the goods.'
"He was so enraged at Douglas he
would not go to Douglas' room in the
American House in Springfield, al
though Douglas implored him by say
"'John, come up to my room and let
us talk this thing over.'
"'Oh. talk the devil,' said Logan,
'I've talked with you and been led by
you, until you have led the Democratic
party into ruin! I'll be damned if
you lead me any more!'
"He would not listen to the speeches
made by Douglas at Bloomington, Pon
tiac and Joliet, at which last place Lo
gan got off the train and Douglas went
on to Chicago, where he died the June
"John A. Logan had been elected to
congress as had old Col. 'Dick' Rich
ardson, as everybody called him. Col.
Richardson on the day before the bat
tle of Bull Run made up a party of
six, four to go in a carriage and two
on horseback, to witness the battle.
(rhey arrived near there on the even
ing before the battle and could get
no place to sleep, until one of the
party, Col. I. E. Goddell of Denver,
John A. Logan.
Colo., improvised a camp by taking
sheaves of oats from a field near by,
upon which the party slept that night.
"The party consisted of Col. Rich
ardson, Col. John A. McClernand, con
gressman from Springfield; John A.
Logan, the Hon. Burt Cook, Col. R. E.
Goddell and one other to be remem
bered. The party were soundly sleep
ing in their oat-sheaf beds when the
sound of a cannon was heard and
Gen. McClernand exclaimed:
" 'My God, boys, It is the beginning
of the tug-of-war! Get up and let us
hurry to the front.'
"They went without their breakfast
and were as hungry as bears, but still
anxious to see the fight. They pushed
along until they began to meet strag
glers coming toward them, running at
their best speed. They came thicker
and faster, and then they were met
by three men carrying muskets.
"John A. Logan jumped toward them
" 'What is the matter? Where and
what are you running for?'
"One of the men replied: 'There's
a hell of a fight and the rebels are giv
ing us hell and we are trying to get
out of their reach.'
"John A. Logan then grabbed one
of the muskets and exclaimed: 'There
b but one side to take in this fght
and I am going to take the Union
"With that his friends cheered him,
for he had been still finding hult with
the war and saying sharp things
against the leaders of his own party
'for helping Lincoln and his party.'
McClernand at once said:
"'He has been converted,' and con
gratulated him on his change of
And this, according to the writer
in the Illinois State Register, is the
true history of how John A. Logan,
for once and for all, threw aside his,
Southern sympathies and enlisted,
Mrs. John A. Logan.
heart and soul, in the war from the
Union in which he made so splendid a
record as a brave and loyal soldier.
IN THE OLDEN TIME.
Ways of American Duelists One Hun
dred Years Ago.
The New York Evening Post of Feb.
1, 1802-a century ago-contained the
"Yesterday morning an affair of hon
or was settled at Hoebuck, between
Mr. Chandler of Philadelphia and Mr.
Carlisle of Albany. Three shots were
exchanged, and the latter was wounded
in the thign.
"A second was terminated at the
same place, between two gentlemen.
The particulars of this are vari
ously related. We give the follow
ing as the most current, and we be
lieve the most correct: A challenge
was given about a fortnight since, and
time and place appointed, but no wea
pons agreed upon. When the chal
lenger came to the ground he per
ceived his antagonist (who, it is said,
was a Yankee) there before him, with
two muskets. This, the Yankee in
formed him, was his mode of fighting,
offering him his choice of the guns;
the other declined the musket, as not
a gentleman's weapon. The Yankee
remonstrated that it was placing him
on disadvantageous terms to use pis
tols, as he had never fired one in his
life; but if the meeting could be post
poned for a fortnight, so that he might
practice in the meantime, he was con
tent to use pistols; or his adversary
might take the same time to practice
with the gun, and he would then meet
him with that weapon. The first offer
was acceded to, and the parties met
yesterday accordingly. Three shots on
each side were exchanged; the Yan
kee's second fire carried away the
other's pocket flap, but his third shot
him through the fleshy part of both
thighs; and here the affair ended.
"The third duel took place in New
Jersey about ten days since. The only
particulars which have come to hand
worth mentioning are that there were
several spectators who accompanied
the parties to the field, and all of
whom. together with the two seconds,
climbed the trees, to be thus out of
harm's way while they saw fair play.
But, as one of the gentlemen chose to
terminate the affair by firing his pistol
in the air-a thing unforeseen-the
ball passed through the upper limbs of
the very tree where the second of his
antagonist had taken his post, and
who was so much alarmed at the whist
ling of the bullet that he fell and broke
his collar bone, which was the only
accident attendinr: the exhibition; hap
pily no lives were lost."
Coal Tar Dyes.
Every one knows how largely coal
tar products figure in the production
of the beautiful aniline dyes now so
largely employed in coloring fabrics
of all kinds. A. G. Green enumerated
the relative importance of British and
German enterprise in the matter of
these manufactures in a paper read
b)efore the British association. Some
of his figures should attract the atten
tion of those who are interested in
the alleged decline or backwardness
of our native chemists as compared
with the advances made in Germany.
Of coloring matters used by the Brad
ford Dyers' association it is stated
English makers contribute 10 per
cent, German 80. Swiss and French
4. Of aniline coloring matters used
bly the British Cotton and Wool Dyer's
association, English makers furnish
22 per cent and foreign 78 per cent. Of
alizarine hues of English make 1.65
per cent are used and of foreign prod
ucts 98.35 per cent. These figures
should cause us to open our eyes re
garding the enormous advantage com
mercially speaking, which German
technical education has conferred
upon that nation. I also read that be
tween 1886 and 1900 completed Eng
lish patents for coal tar products to
the number of 948 were taken out by
German firms, while during the same
period only eighty-six patents were se
cured by English houses.
Turks Not Hostile to Christlans.
A Belgian diplomat who recently
returned from Turkey says that the
Turks are not hostile to Christians.
At Constantinople the minister of
waters and forests has chosen a Ro
man Catholic priest as a tutor for his
son. It is also asserted that the Ar
menian massacres were not provoked
by hatred against Catholics, but by'
the detestation in which the Arme
nian race is held for its tendecq to
overreach in trade
SFATE. 0 1AX|LlsaA.
Page of History That Reads Like eh extract from a
OZL some mAon bb past, in
addition to the many other
representatives of foreign
governments, Vienna has
been harboring a new dip
lomatic mission from Mex
ico. The presence in the
Imperial City of this par
ticular embassy, consisting of two men
with the high-sounding names of Don
Jose de Teresa Miranda (a near rela
tive of President Diaz), and Manuel de
Lizardi, means that there is now a
coinplete renewal of official relations
between Austria-Hungary and Mexico,
which were broken off thirty-five
years ago. The recent reception of
the Mexican ambassador was, how
ever, preceded by the consecration of
an expiatory chapel at Quertaro,
erected to the memory of Maximilian,
and to which the emperor Francis Jo
seph sent a magnificent altar piece, as
a memorial of his martyred brother.
This new state of things naturally
brings once more before the public eye
the noted Mexican city, where a gen
eration ago was played the last act of
There is still living in Vienna an
old, energetic, little man who was an
eye-witness to the terrible event, the
Hapsburger Maximillian's cruel death.
This man, Prof. Von Busch, was the
only European the emperor took with
him in his suite when he left the
Mexican capital to go to Quertaro.
Prof. Von Busch was therefore able
to give to the world a graphic and
authentic account of the last days
of this short-lived and noble mon
According to Pro. Von Busch's
statements, Maximillian from the very
beginning played a thankless role,
surrounded as he was by his treacher
ous assistant emperor and his not
too unselfish ministers. Marshal Ba
zaine appears, though, to have been
the greatest enemy of all, and
Prof. Von Busch accuses him, in his
book (sanctioned by Napoleon III.),
of grossly violating the contract by
the withdrawal at a most critical
time of the French troops, which,
according to the convention of Mira
mer, had been placed at the service
of the emperor of Mexico.
This Mexican expedition, how
ever, seems not only in its ending but
throughout the whole affair much
more like an adventure than anything
else. Through it a liberal prince be
came the tool of the Tuilleries. by
allowing himself to be forced upon
a foreign people who had no wish
for a foreign monarch. Maximilian
found on his accession an empty state I
treasury, and in this beggared condi
tion his ministers allowed him to
undertake the expedition to Quertaro.
Consequently, during its siege, he suf
fered many hardships and experienced
untold anxieties. He waited for
money and troops, but neither was
sent to him from the city of Mexico.
And to add to all his other troubles,
a perfidious follower wound himself
successfully into the emperor's confi
dence, who, unfortunately, mistook
treachery for faith. But his greatest
bitterness was against the French.
And only a few days before his execu
tion. in a conversation with Von
Busch, the emperor dwelt with sad
ness on the infamy of Bazaine, who
not only had shown himself indiffer
ent to the fate of Mexico. but wlho
also before his departure from the
capital had dishonestly sold the fur
niture belonging to the government
and had turned the state equipage
the carriage of Santa Anna-into
money; and who, it was also discov
ered, had sold weapons and ammuni
tion to those fighting against the em
peror. But in forsaking his post
four hours earlier than he had promis
ed and thus imperiling the city,
seemed the most direct treachery of
It was, however, only after Maxi
milian becamen quite certain that
the French troops had left the Mexi
can valley, that he (with a staff of
generals of the national Mexican
army) placed himself at the head of
the troops. and directed the assaults
which were to decide the existence or
downfall of the empire. Here again
treachery followed in his path, for
Marquez, who had been chosen by
him a.; generalissimo against the re
publican troops of Juarez, proved
himself also a traitor. For, when no
help came from the city of Mexico,
the emperor sent Marquez there, es
corted by 1,100 riders, to bring aid.
And though it was quite well-known
he had passed the enemy's line in safe
ty he never returned. Thus Quertaro
fell and Maximilian was the sacrifice.
In his last hours Von Busch was with
him. What brave words were those
he, at the end, spoke to his physician
-"I can assure you dying is much
easier than I had thought!"
A few hours before his execution
the emperor handed his physician his
wedding ring, saying to him, "You
will soon be going back to Vienna;
talk with my parents and relatives
and describe minutely to them the
siege and also the last days of my life.
And to my mother say that I did my
duty as a soldier and died like a.
And as he looked out at the blue
sky, he continued: "I have always
wished that I might die when the
weather was beautiful, and this wish
at any rate has been granted me."
He was to have been shot on the 16th
of June, but for some reason the exe
cution was postponed until the 19th.
"That is hard,' said the emperor
upon hearing of the delay, "for I had
already finished with the world."
Then turning to the weeping Father
Soira, who, during those last bitter
hours, stood constantly by his side,
he added, "I somehow seem to have
'changed places with my father con
fessor, and it appears that it is I
who must comfort and strengthen
him, so that he does not lose courage
and break down at the last"
With wonderful thoughtfulness,
even at the very last sad hour, the
emperor telegraphed the republican
government begging it to pardon two
of his faithful Mexican generals and
let him be the only sacrifice. But
this petition was refused. And not
withstanding this, Maximilian wrote
back a letter filled with regret and
magnanimity to Juarez.
Maximilian's nature was a truly
great one, and the story of the suf
ferings of the noble man whose re
mains now lie buried in the princely
vault on the "New Market Platz" in
Vienna, is one that still shines vivid
ly through the years.
Standing but a few steps from the
magnificent tomb of the beloved
Emperor Joseph, II. is a simple sarco
phagus, on which sparkles a foreign
crown, and on whose side is the fol
lowing short inscription, telling the
tale of a tragic life:
"Ferdinand Maximilian, Archduke
of Austria, was born at the palace of
Tchoubrun, July 6, 1832. In the year
1862 he was chosen emperor of Mexi
co, and on June 19, 1867, by a cruel
and bloody death, he died a hero."
LAST OF FINNISH DRAGOONS.
Russian War OMfce Makes an End of a
The disbandment by the Russian
war office of the only Finnish regi
ment of dragoons, already reported by
cable, is likely to have a sequel. It
will be remembered, perhaps, that the
commander of the regiment, Col.
Schaumann, when directed by Gen.
Bobrikoff, the governor of Finland, to
administer the Russian oath to the
soldiers, refused to do so, on the
ground that it had not been sanctioned
by the Finnish diet, as was required
by the constitution of the country.
Gen. Bobrikoff was so enraged by this
reply that he forgot his good manners,
and expressed himself in such violent
terms that Col. Schaumann then and
there resigned from the service. Gen.
Bobrikoff then asked for his dismissal
and transfer to a cavalry regiment of
the reserve. Upon this all the other
officers resigned in a body, and this
action was regarded in St. Petersburg
as an act of deliberate mutiny, as it
undoubtedly was, whatever the provo
cation. The disbandment of the regi
ment itself followed; but the end is
not yet, for it is said that all the of
fending officers will have to answer
before a military tribunal. Whatever
the result may be, it is safe to predict
that it will not allay the growing ex
asperation of the Finns.
An Idea or Eternity.
"The best illustration of what eter
nity is, with its endless flight of time,"
*aid a Western member of Congress
the other day. "was one I heard given
by a preacher who was conducting a
revival at a Colorado mining camp.
The revival had been well attendedl.
butt there was a poor harvest of souls.
and the rough old preacher depictedi
the joys of heaven and the tortures
of hen, with discouraging results. One
evening he announcetd that the revival
would close with that meeting unless
the sinners slowed a (lesire to repent.
Hie then depicted the sufferings of the
lost, and in telling them how long it
wvuld be before they would be freed
from their envtironment of fire and
brimstone, lihe said:
" 'You will suffer for all eternity.
Do you know what that means? Ill
tell you. If a little splarrow was to dip
his bill into Lhe Atlantic Ocean and
take one hop a day and hop across
the country and put that drop in the
Pacific Ocean and then hop back to
the Atlantic, one hop a day, and if he
kept that thing up until the Atlantic
was dry as a bone. it wouldn't be
sun-up in hell.'
"It isn't necessary to add that
mourners came to the bench that
night, and the meeting was continued
for some time."
Two Bahieq Greet Each Other.
Representative Lever of South Car
olina is the youngest member of the
lower house of congr'ess. being but 27
years old. When he made his first
call at the white house President
Roosevelt greeted him with the re
mark. "I am glad to meet the 'baby ot
the house.' " Mr. Lever responded,
"The baby of the house is honored in
being greeted by the baby president."
The president enjoyed it so much that
he repeated it.
Wild Goose Farm.
Capt. Joshua W. Whealton of Chin
coteague, Va., enjoys the distlnction
of owning the only wild goose farm in
the world. He owns 100 acres along
the coast and geese come there every
year in vast flocks to hatch their
young. When they are still young
Mr. Whealton cuts their wings and
thus keeps them captive. Long rows
of roosts are provided and the geese
hatch there every year, much to the
captain's financial benefit.
Immensity of BSiberlia.
Few people realize the immensity of
Siberia, which extends through 120 de
grees of longitude and possesses one
nint.1 of all the land surface of the
globb. The United States, Great Brit
ain, and all Europe, except Russia,
could be put into Siberia, with land to
BUY AND SELL
AS WELL AS
RICE AND OIL LANDS.
Office at McFarlain House.
Dr. Tom Terry's Drug Store.
AS TO THE QUESTION OF HEAT, WELL
The fire was hot enough for Dr. Tom and burnt up all his Drugs.
but seekers of Bargains in Toilet Articles, Perfumeries, Patent
Medicines, Etc., will find Dr. Tom a hot number among the Drug
gists. He keeps the Latest, Freshest and Best Stock in the Town.
He Sells Cheaper and His Prescription
Department Is Managed by a Scientific Druggist.
Front Street, Same Location as Before.
LAND AND INVESTMENT CO,
N. R. STRONG, Manager.
Offices W ' X Record Building.
J. A. ZABOLIO. PERCY LONGMAN.
ZABOLIO & LONCMAN,
New Lot of Gents' Furnishing Goods. Ladies' Shirt Waists, etc.
FREE DELIVERY. JENNINGS, LA.
--------- ~ ~ --- -- -- - - - - - ---- - -
J. S. LEWIS & CO.,
Rice and Oil Lands and Town Lots For Sale.
J. W. MITCHELL,
W AND "P
City Meat Market,
ON THE OLD SITE......
The Proper Way to Travel.
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~ THE EAST.
Send lOc. in stamps for a copy of the SOUTlERI PACIFIC BICE COOK BOOKL, containing o00 receipts
S. F. D. MORSE. L. J. PAIRKiS,
Pas. Trafe Manager. Gen. Pea.. & Tichet Ag,
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