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much of a gentleman Sprreaoncilables seem to Spatriote who were not lot of trouble Bartholin elaved if h'e had done it a a egrlier. osevelt refused to 'entertain d Duke Boris. Perhaps she b slippers. r Wi. dLaurier declined a peer . Wha an enigma he must be to lliam ,ldorf Astor. .land t t is being organized in and, prob ,bly for the better pro ction of they old sod. "I3mperor WI lam has 200 trunks out -o the fle4. The horrors of mic warfare axre just awful. .;lohn S. Sargent, the portrait paint r, is comin over here in October. ake your ates for sittings now. ` 'King Alfonso is right, however, ut *American girls being the martes. and handsomest in the t Ru isa and Turkey are now having dis3ute. It's up to the sultan tc make another neat little batch .of .'promises. How many times did the girls say: 'Speak for yourself, John!" at the 'reunion of John Alden's descendants at Duxbury? When a doctor sues a dentist the -long-suffering public, though it come r not by its own, can afford to chuckle 'in its sleeve. Emperor William's great naval vic tory over the Haitian gunboat entitles him to admission to the ranks of the heroic sea dogs. Fourteen Indiana people have been upset by eating cookies, yet the western papers criticise the cheerful pie of Yankeeland. Grand Duke Boris drank wine from the slipper of a Chicago Cinderella. It is safe to say he did not empty the bucket at a draught. The indications are that the army and navy will have to go out in the alley after all to settle which really won in the sham fight. Prices for all the necessaries of life are going up. From Peoria comes the news that whisky has been ad vanced a cent a .gallon. Then, too, Bartholin may have been moved iby' the laudable desire to save the people of Illinois the trouble and expense of a murdg" trial. The deer hunters in the Adiron dacks are engaged in their annual practice of shooting men by mistake. Moral: Don't hunt deer in the Adir ondacks. King Alfonso's announcement that he will marry a millionairess instead of a princess leads to the belief that the young man is not much of a lun atic after all. A leading financial writer estimates Senator Clark's nest egg at $25.0(0, 000. Mr. Clark is one of the mnen who will receive circulars tlisL winter about hard coal. There are more than 4.000 million aires in this country, but only a few of them succeed in getti:ng their names in the papers with any de gree of regularity. Congressman Galusha A: Grow. who has just celebrated his eightieth birth day aniversary, has dleclined a renom ination. Probably he wants to get into some regular business while he is in his prime. Before a wedding could proceed down in Kentucky the groom had to throw two brothers of the bride out of the church window. Here is one woman at least who may be sure of a protecting hand. A Philadelphia man who has been courting a woman for twenty-one years has finally won her by whistling "Darling, I Am Growing Oll." A girl in another town would have de. manded that he grow young. It must be admitted, however, that the people who insist on returning to Martinique deserve fully as much sympathy as the mnan who comes to grief hunting for the North Pole. •King Alfonso says he is going to marry the girl he wants. That's right; speak up, Alfey, and if she says i no hit her a good slap on the wrist. SHolmes says "wisdom is the ab otract of the past, but beauty is a 'i"omise of the future." In other s, beauty is a promissory note. *Sheesteeme6 Washington Post has ifl~iorial entitled "Another Blow at 'Mosquito."' It has been our ex Sthat iFe good swat accurate iqered is au en S has been sehot in the - one's -name was ad. Tle open 5,· ~ H e had no. crown upon his head When he first met me by the way. Hlls feet upon the thorns had bled, Wls gown was sodden gray; But in his eyes, stars, moon and sun Were one. He came, his empty hands outheld: I gave to him with glad good-will, And since my pitying heart rebelled That. he should fare so ill, . I took his gold head to my breast For rest. When lot his empty hands were piled With all gifts craved in dreams of mine. And over me the pilgrim child Spilled beneflts divine; Joy, Heart's-Desire and Peace most fair Fell there. For my great pity in his stress Because that sad and bare he went, I now anm clad with happiness And rich in sweet content; 'Twas Love, the King, who crossed my way. To-day. -Ethna Carbery in Llppincott's. A Modern Love Story. BY VICTOR A. SMALLEY. (Copyright. 1902. by Daily Story Pub. Co.) It was on the broad, cool veranda of the spacious Grand Hotel at Macki nac Island. Scores of fashionably cos tumed guests were enjoying the cool, invigorating breezes wafted from that big body of water in front of them, Lake Michigan. The orchestra was in the midst of a dreamy waltz from Strauss, and the environment was one of peaceful languor. Occasionally the quiet serenity of the place would be happily interrupted by a burst of laughter from a group of young men and women lounging on the steps leading up to the porch from the driveway below. A trap or two, laden with pretty, fresh-looking girls in white, and lazy, lolling fellows in blue serge, rattled by, and a few horsemen and equestriennes ambled past. A girl stepped out from the office and walked slowly down the veranda, glancing from right to left in search of a vacant chair. She appeared to be about twenty years of age, was about medium height and very fair. Her face was decidedly pretty, with almost "Gibsonian" features. Her hair was almost golden-Titian, some would call it. She walked gracefully, and at tracted considerable attention as she passed along the piazza. An unoccupied rocker finally caught the girl's eye, and she settled down into it with a little sigh of content ment. Seated directly at the right of the girl was a women of striking ap pearance. The "chappies" referred to her as "stunning;" the middle-aged men called her an "out and out beau ty," while the old gray-whiskered fel lows rolled their eyes ecstatically and said nothing. The object of this astonishing amount of admiration was a brunette in the true sense of the word, and di vinely beautiful. She was of about medium height and a trifle above the medium weight, but the slight super fluity of avoirdupois only accentuated her charms. Her finely shaped head was set upon a throat so symmetrical, so proud and white, that she appeared to be taller than she really was. Her complexion was of the Southern type, olive, with a delicate tinge of rosy hue. Her eyes were the most attractive of her many charms. They were large, luminous, dark as a starless night, and a fringe of long jet lashes almost hid them from sight. As the blonde girl seated herself, her dark-haired neighbor eyed her curiously, penetratingly. The glance was returned, and both smiled in a friendly manner. Soon they were in the midst of an animated tete-a-tete, the girl doing most of the talking, while her companion proved to be a good listener. The girl said she was from the North. She was the only daughter of rich parents, and had just arrived at Mackinac. No, she hardly knew any one, and did feel a trifle lonely. Her parents were ardent golfists, and were at that moment deeply engrossed in the popular game. They made a striking couple, these two women of such differeMt types of Ieauty. and they were freely com mented upon by the passers-by. The girl chatted away volubly, and was i. Were in the midst of an animated tete-a-tete. surprised to find herself making a con fident of her new friend. The large black eyes seemed so friendly and sympathizing that the girl opened her heart in a way that all girls do. She had been away from home so long. and had been so long apart from her chums and intimates, that Ehe felt happy in the possession of a new friend who seemed so interested in her girlish adventures and confidences. At first she spoke only of her schooldays at Smith, but was soon telling of her love-affairs, an ample amount always being the property of every winsome miss who has passed her twentieth birthday. "But I am really and truly in love, now," she went on, coloring prettily. "I met him on the 'Manitou' on our way here from Chicago. He is very handsmome and is quite a good deal o:lth than J. I frst saw him in the was so polite and courteous in hand ing such things that were out of my reach. He looked at me rather per sistently, I should think. Once, when he passed, me the salad, our hands touched, and I fancied that he tried to squeeze mine. "That evening our folks played cards in the cabin, and I went out on the deck to enjoy the beautiful night. It is simply glorious on Lake Michigan after dark! I drew up my chair at the stern of the boat, behind a big wheel which is never used, and be gan to doze and dream of-well, I thought of him. "Suddenly I felt a thrill shoot tI "He's my husband." through me, and I actually believe my heart stood still. I knew he was near. It was so dark I could scarcely see my hand in front of my face, yet I was positive he was approaching. Presently I heard his voice, and he said: "'Pardon me, little friend, if I seem rude; but I am lonely, and you do not appear to be very well enter tained, either. May I sit down and chat with you. Misery loves company, you know.' "Oh, I know I should have sent him away, but I didn't, and we talked for over an hour. He was so interesting, and seemed to be very cultured and a great traveler. He spoke of Paris and Calcutta in the same breath, and entertained me greatly with his remi niscences. How I did hate to go in! But I knew that I had already broken too many rules of propriety, so I bade him good-night and went to my state Poom. "Did he kiss me?" The girl averted her face and her lips trembled as she answered frankly, "Yes, and I am not sorry, either." "Well," she continued, "I did not see much of him next day, as I was iith my parents almost all of the time. I caught a glimpse of him at the dock when we landed here, and he raised his hat as he shook hands with me and said: "'Good-by, little friend; we shall meet again.' "I saw him a few minutes later as he jumped into a carriage, and-" The girl stopped suddenly. Her hands, clasped together, trembled per ceptibly, and her face was suffused with a carmine blush. She was look ing towards the driveway, where a horse and his rider came slowly up the path. The rider was a man of about forty. His brown, curly hair was streaked about the temples with gray. He was tall, looked every inch an athlete, and rode with the z-ace and ease of a trained trooper. The dark-eyed woman followed the gaze of her companion, and when she caught ,sight of the handsome rider her face lighted up with an amused smile, and she waved her hand fami liarly. The rider touched his whip to his hat, and smiled. "There," faltered the girl; "that is he." "Who?" asked her new friend. "Why, he whom I met on the boat the man' I love," returned the girl im' petuously. "Ah, my dear." said the brunette smiling compassionately. "you masn't mind him, you knew." "Then you know him?" "Slightly; he's my husband." How Rochefort Hurled Ridicule. Rochefort, even more than Hugo, was the natural butt of those carica turists devoted to the destinies of Louis Napoleon. But none of the cartoons directed against him could hit deeper or leave a more lasting sting than his own sallies in the col umns of the Lanterne. His favor ite method of attack was one which either made prosecution impossible or else made the prosecutor ridicu lous. In the Lanterne one found ap parently innocent squibs which ran something like this: "The emperor sat yesterday for his portrait, which is being painted by M. --. M.- has won wide distinction as a paint er of animals and it is expected that the emperor's portrait will prove a great success."-The Bookman. Appropriate ei Itaph for a barten der: "He had a 'smmle' for eve- college pi ofeaspr to a .Ohmcgo agoeld smlitlf, "shat .you'ihave no such thing: a,a pound weight.?" It had, but the professor is willing to bet that not one graduate of a high school Out of twenty has an idea, that there is not a metal weight of twelve euncrg to represent the Troy pound. But there is no such thing. Twelve Troy ounces make a pound, but there is no such material unit of measure ment. There are the grain, the scru pie, the drachm, and the ounce weights, but nothing more. The man who has ten pounds of gold in realit3 has only 120 ounces, and for him to go into the gold market and speak of gold by the pound would be for him to be laughed at. Incidentally these units of measure ment in the Troy scale look a good deal more like Greek or Chinese coins than they look like weights. For the average high school graduate to pick up a set of these weights would be to bewilder him. It is the contemplation of such ab, surdities of the English tables oj weights and measures that bring the student to the metric system as the sane solution of it all. FUTURE OF NAVAL WARFARE English Periodical Tells How Bat. ties Will Be Fought. In the next naval battle the ships engaged will be arranged in three cat egories. Nearest to the enemy's ar ray will be the battleships, drawn up in one line in close order as of old; they will, as a rule, follow each other just in the same way as did the ships of a century ago, but at a high speed in lieu of a low one. Unlike the ol01 timers, the modern battleships will not come to close quarters. They will use their guns, not at musrtet-shot range, or, say 200 yards, but at ranges approaching 3,000 to 4,000 yards. They will not come within 2.1000 yards of their opponent, lest they be torpedoed. Farther from the enemy than the bat tle line will be the cruisers, trusting mainly to guns, as do their heavy consorts, but keeping at a greater range, in order to get the protection which distance will always give. If a favorable chance offers, they might support the torpedo craft in a dash at the enemy's battle line. Out of range altogether will he the torpedo craft, ready to dash in if a favorable opportunity offers, but taking no risks early in the action lest their useful ness should be lost when their serv ices are required.-Blackwood 's Mag agine. A MASTER OF LANGUAGES. Kansas City Man Can Boast of Won derful Attainments. Few cities in this country or even in the word can boast of possessing a man of linguistic acquirements and versatility like to those of Prof. Ed mund De Vemie of Kansas City, Mo. Mr. De Vemie is a teacher of mod ern languages. He came to this coun try and to that city in 1879. This many tongued Kansas Cityan speaks and reads English, Geralan, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Rou manian, Provencal, Romansch. Flem ish, Dutch, Friesian. Plattduetsch, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian and Ice landic. He reads, but does not speak Greek, Romaic or modern Greek, Latin, Old French, Old Provencal, Anglo-Saxon, Old English, Old Saxon, old and Middle High German, Nordic, Bohemian, Polish, Russian, Hebrew, Breton, Basque and Hindustani. Moreover he has a general knowledge of the grammatical construction of several more representatives of the different branches of human speech, such as Irish, Welsh, Hungarian, Finnish, Japanese and some more. All He Was Paid For. The leader of the band frowned as he brought the music to a standstill in the middle of a bar. "Say, Pumperickel," he demanded, in a loud whisper, "what do you mean by playing a lot of half notes where there should he whole?" Pumpernickel took the horn off his neck. "Vell." said he, "I make explana tionings by you. You rememnber (lot you cut down my vages to halluf, don't you?" The leader stared in amazcment. He had done so, hut "Und so I gontinuings to make der nodes out mid dis born, halluf nodes, until ider vages vos 'restorededt unto whole vages. Ain'd it, yes?" Sometimes a comedian can produce a grave crisis. History Rewritten. Queen Elizabeth hadl refused to re consider the dleath warrant of Mary Queen of Scots. "No," she insisted, "my mind is made up." "I think your face is, too." instantly retorted the captive sovereign. Richard, hav'ing done his turn at Bosworth Field, was wildly applaud ed. "How nobly he carriedl himself!" exclaimed Norfolk. "No wonder," re plied Catesby, with a grip, "he had a hlorseless carriage." Diogenes had been taking baths for his complexion. "But why," asked his friends, "do you carry the tub on your shoulder?" "To make a liar," replied the old cynic, "of the fool who said it must stand on its own bot tom." Japanese Newspaper in New York. One of the newest newslpapers in New York is the New York Japanese Weekly, published every Saturday. Besides being the only Japanese paper east of San Francisco ever pub lished by means of movable Japanese type, it will make an effort to lead a movement for the reform of the Jap anese langtuage. Hundreds of copies will be sent to Japan every week, where the prevailing Interest in America is expected not only to ex ert a marked influence on current Japanese newspaper methods, but to have an important effect in remodel. Ing the Japanese language. Nice women shudder at chorus girls who get presents of valuablp Jewels, but they can't help thinking how luck7 :thaa .aor. Study of Natural Repiroduotion 'of Trees. A line of work recently taken up r by the Bureau of Forestry, and for the first time receiving adequate at tention in the United States, is the study of the tendency of natural for eats to extend over the land devoid i of forest growth. This tendency bas been noticed in many parts of the country, but has never been studied with a view of controlling it for prac tical use, or assisting it where desir able. A field party from the bureau u is now investigating the -reproduction of white pine on pastures and aban doned lands in Massachusetts and. New Hampshire, to learn the condi tions under which reproduction takes place. The bureau is making this in vestigation in order to be able to give owners of such lands directions as to the best methods of handling them, with a view of securing a stand of pine by natural seeding. A field party of six men is studying the same problem in Oklahoma, in connection with the hardwood growth which composes the timber belts of that re gion. It has been found in certain places in the middle west that natural forest belts have extended up streams as much as two miles in the last twen ty-five years. Particular attention will be paid to devising methods for ex tending and improvirg the forest growth of the Wichita Forest Re serve, where at present the stand of timber consists of only a scattering growth of oak. A similar study is being made on the Prescott Forest Reserve in Arizona, where the stand of timber consists almost entirely of western yellow pine. For several years only a scant reproduction has taken place on this reserve, and one of the objects of the present investi gation is to devise means of increas ing the stand of young timber. Soil for Rye. Manly Miles: Although rye can be successfully grown on a great variety of soils, yet it is of the finest and best quality when produced on a dry, san dy one, where few, if any other grains can be cultivated with equal advan tage. By this we do not mean the poorest soil that can be found and which contains but little of the ele ments of plant food, or that rye can be successfully grown with but slight preparation of the land and the con-, stant cropping of the same fields with it and no manure supplied to return the nutritive properties extracted by successive crops. We have seen a good growth of rye on a sandy soil that would produce scarcely anything else, but the soil was fairly enriched before the seed was sown. Clay is not favorable to its cultivation, espe cially a heavy undrained clay, and it will never do well in a wat soil or any kind. A clay loam will produce a fine growth of straw, but the grain will not be as good as that produced on a sandy soil, the latter prodlucing a more plump kernel of better quality than the forme:. A rich loam will produce a larger quantity of grain than sandy soil, but of less value. Rye is a strong feeder and will ex tract about the last element of solu ble plant food from the soil; hence, land that has become so exhausted that it cannot yield ry, is very poor indeed and will require a long period of rest or a large quantity of manure of some kind to cause it to produce anything.-Farmers' Review. Novel Method of Planting Trees. The Forest Department of South Australia, the most enterprising body in forestry in the Colonies, have adopted the bamboo tube system in planting out young trees, and it has proved very successful. The plant com monly called bamboo (Arundo donax), really a reed, is cut into lengths of above 5 inches, and filled with prop erly prepared soil. Then a small pinch of seed is placed in each tube, and with judiolbus watering the seed lings appear in due course. The tubes may vary from one-half inch to 1 inch, but should not be obtained from very old bamboos, as such tubes will not rot when planted out. All gums reared for planting out in South Aus tralia are grown in these tubes, this plan having been found to be the best and most economical in rearing, plant ing, and carrying over long distances, at the same being safer than any other system, as far as root exposure is concerned. The soil having been well worked, an opening is made with a spade, and the tube is .placed there in, but care most be taken to plant the tube right to the bottom. If this is not done, when the tree sends out young roots at the bottom of the tube, they would come into empty space and pe~ish, and the death c: the young tree would follow. It is recommended to plant the tree as far under the soil as possible, as the tube is more certain to decay when well in the ground, as the damp can act on it better than when it shows on the surface.-Indian Agriculturist. Reclamation of Shifting Sand Dunes. The protection of valuable property from the encroachment of shifting sand dunes is becoming an important problem in some portions of the coun try. The regions most severely af fected are the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, the lake district of Michigan, and the Columbia river district of Washington and Oregon. Two field parties from the Bureau of Forestry are at work on this problem. One will investigate the worst dune dis tricts along the Atlantic coast, and will study carefully the grasses, shrubs, and trees that can be used either for temporary or permanent re tention of the sand dunes, and will also inquire into other methods of holding the active dunes, or changing their direction. Very successful work in holding the sand by grass and shrub planting has already been done by the state of Massachusetts on a portion of Gape Cod known as the "Province Lands." The problem along the Columbia river is somewhat dit I feretit from that along the Atlantic Scoast, owing to the different:origin and: charaeter Of that sand. JRAt expected, lhowever, t;fiat e control of the usand Mature Ewes and Rams for Breedes i. An experiment station bulletiui says: As a rule It is injurious to breed immature -stock; and the bestd returns are not to be expected from weak or very old animals. Both ob servation and experience have .cotr vineed me that the use of a ram lamb, for example, as sire in a flock, results in lambs lacking in character and of uncertain quality, while the use of a matured ram would have given satis factory returns. There is a general tendency, in the anxiety to secure re suits from 'breeding herds, to breed the females at too early an age, which too often injures the vitality and growth, and promotes reduced size and quality. Animals should not be required to take on themselves the burdens of motherhood until they have acquired fair maturity and development. The man who breeds his ewes to first lamb as long yearlings, to have his beef cows first drop calves at thirty months old, or his dairy cows at twenty-four or twenty-six months, or his sows to first farrow at twelve or fourteen months of age, is on safer ground in building up his herd than the man who will not wait for this matur y. In a measure, there is also objection in using very old or weak animals for breeding. Strength of character from such cannot be expected to equal that from animals in the prime of age and condition. Selecting Sheep for a Flock. W. J. Boynton of the Minnesota Stock Breeders' Association says: Anyone that starts a pure bred flock should be fond of sheep and ambitious. He should take pride enough in the flock to be determined that it should not only be kept up to as high a stand ard as when it comes into his hands but that it should constantly improve. All successful breeders must progress. Start with the breed that you 'like best, if it is suitable for your location and there is demand enough for it to make it a paying investment as well as a pleasant business. In selecting the ewes for the foundation flock get as uniform a lot as possible, as this will be a great help to you. It is hard to breed anything uniform from an uneven lot. Size is important, but not so much as the quality. The se lection of the ram is the most im portant. He is one-half if not three fourths of the flock. Don't be afraid to invest your money in a good ram. You cannot keep your flock up if you do not use good sires. A flock of poor quality ewes can be greatly improved by using good sires, but a poor ram will run down the quality of the best flock of ewes. A highly fitted and fin ished ram should be avoided. He is at his best and will never look as well again. Pay for the quality but not the fitting. Locality Affects Quality of Apples. A variety of apples will vary in quality largely according to the local ity in which it grows. We have been struck with this fact as we have test ed apples grown in different parts of the United States. Just what are the elements entering into the problem it is hard to say. The writer was once on the fair grounds at St. Louis and was looking over the apple ex hibit. To the man in charge of the Missouri exhibit he remarked the want of flavor of a certain variety of apples grown in the prairies states. He was answered that the same va riety grown in the Ozarks had a fine flavor, and, to prove his assertion, handed the writer an apple from the region named. It was indeed highly flavored. Possibly the composition of the soil has much to do with this. The clay soils that are rich in lime seem to give high flavored fruit. Yet it may be due to other things than the condition and composition of soil. Perhaps on the rich prairie soil the growth of the trees and of the fruit is too rapid to admit of the best of results in the way of tlavors. We would like to hear from our readers on this point. Do soils affect flavor of apples?-Farmers" Review. Danish Co-Operative Bacon Factories. There are 26 co-operative pig slaughteries and bacon-curing factories in Denmark, and 16 large private ones, besides a few smaller ones not curing for export. Exact statistics can only .be had from the co-operative establish ments, and at these 651,261 pigs were killed in 1901. The price averaged 56.9 kroners per hog, or 44 ore per lb. (10.56c. per American pound). The av erage weight of the pigs was 129.5 Danish lbs. The aggregate number of the co-operative bacon factories' mem bers was about 65.000. The total kill ings of pigs in Denmark cannot be given with certainty, as the private establishments refuse to publish their Ikillings, which are generally supposed to be two-fifths of the total, the co-op erative receiving the three-fifths. Cal culating upon this basis, the total kill ings of pigs in Denmark in 1901 I amounted to very nearly 1,100,000, rep resenting a value of 63,000,000 kro ners. For the week ending May 3 the killings in Denmark were not less Sthan 30,000 pigs. This was the heaviest killings recorded for one week since 1896.-Smor Tidende. Beans in the United States. Impcrtant as are beans, as an article of diet, they play but a small part in the crop totals of the country. It is Scertain, however, that the census bu reau fails to get reports of millions of bushels of beans raised and con sumed on the farms. These are never Srecorded as entering into commerce. On many farms the farmers raise only enough beans for home use. The last census report gives the crop of 1899. 1 It shows Michigan and New York to be the leading bean producing states. SThe yields in bushels for the most im Sportant bean raising states are as fol lows: Michigan, 1,806,418; New York, s1,360,445; California, 658,515; Florida, S176,304; Wisconsin, 148,182; Maine, S137,290; Virginia, 56,189. Landslides Are Feared. c A portion of the cone of Mount le euvius has fallen in and precautions IIre beaing taken against pbsitile land i slides. Dairying and igmplmyment tflLra:' It is not =infreula eutr tly hw; dattying that 4it.itre-' i: agreat more labor. to carry it on tbpn it does any other kind of farming. This i thought in some localities to be a very good argument against -it 'hen. the thing is analysed, we find that the argument is in favor of dairying rather than against it. The good of the whole community is desired by every patriotic .citizen. The happi ness of the one is bound up. in the happiness of all. 'It is therefore of in terest to every man to have all labor constantly and profitably employed. The dairy business gives not only a great deal of employment, but it spreads it over the entire year. In stead of there being work at it for but a few months in the year there is work twelve months. For this rea son, butter should never sell at a low price. It is necessary that labor have its reward, and when that is accom plished in the making of butter it means that a considerable sum has been added to the cost of each pound of butter. There is nothing to be gained by the community in re ducing the cost of making butter. If a milking machine could be manufac turedthatwouldtake the place of four fifths of the milkers it would not help the community at large very much. It would simply throw out of employ ment a large number of men and wom en. Individual dairymen would, how ever, profit by it. It is for the inter est of the community to keep every man employed. On the dairy farm the increased amount of work makes it possible to keep the children at home much longer than would be the case with other kinds of farming. This is very true in localities where there are good schools. The boys and girls can well afford to take a high school course at the expense of their parents, if those parents are engaged in dairying. The boys and girls are at home just when the milking should be done and are at school in the mid dle of the day, when dairy duties are not generally pressing. This is a point that should be more generally considered than it is. Many young women and young men that now think their parents cannot afford to give them a High School education can ob tain it by taking care of a few cows night and morning. Milk Hauling by Factorles. In some of the localities where there are creameries the milk is hauled by the patrons. In other localities the creameries do the hauling themselves. There are some advantages and some disadvantages for each method. One of the reasons why the factory can af ford to haul its own milk is that it thereby gets about all the milk there is in a locality and gets it all the time. Where farmers haul their own milk they cannot be depended on to bring the supply at all times. In the summer time when the field work is pressing they not infrequently find it pays them better to keep the milk at home for a day or two and make but ter from it than to take the time of a man and horse going to the creamery. Of course there are obstacles in the way of the milk being gathered by a factory employe. One of the obstacles is the difficulty of working in the Babcock test with such a system. If a man goes out to gather milk he can not carry one or more cans for each customer if his milk route includes a large number of patrons. He wants to economize space by putting the milk of several patrons into one can, where that can be done. Analysis of any value to the individual patron be comes then impossible. Nevertheless it may well be doubted if it pays a farmer with a few cows to haul his milk to market himself, if his time is of any value. Where it can be prop erly controlled the hauling of milk by the factory is advisable. Watery Butter. Recently in Chicago a car of butter from a Kansas creamery company was examined by government experts and found to contain 24 per cent of water. It consisted of ladle goods, Sand this explains how the water got into it. It was probably worked in intentionally in the process of work ing over the butter. This is a trick - that is worked with variations. Some Stimes chemicals are used to help in Scorporate the water with the butter, Sand at other times heat alone is de - pended upon. This butter was evi Sdently ,reworked at a high tempera ture. At the present time the ruling of the government is that butter must not contain over 16 per cent of water. In the past, as there has been no law on this point, no investigation has Sbeen made, and it has been assumed Sthat the trick was not being worked as - extensively in this country as in Eu - rope. It may turn out, however, that Swe have been constantly victimized in Sthis respect, and that the imposition has been going on all the time. The government inspection will now bring it to light and will at least prove a check upon it. Summer and Fall Feeding. Wise dairymen now feed their cows in both summer and fall if the pas tures are such as not to give a full a feed without too much labor on the 1 part of the cows. Allowing cows to Sfall off in their milk is not a profita ble operation. It may save a -little Sfeed, but it loses far more in the value of lost milk. When cows are allowed r to drop in their milk yields for even a few weeks they can not be brought v back to their previous yields until t they again comr in fresh. The men Sthat have planted corn. oats, peas I and the like for summer feed will L have no trouble this summer and fall in keeping up the milk flow. Those Sthat have sallage will find no difficulty at all. The men that have no green Sstuff to feed can only lament their I misfortune, as it is very doubtful if; , at the present prices, Lt will pay to feed considerable quantitiU t:i" cows on pasture. a Nothing can co i. In that has not founidatioL-4ulw er.