Newspaper Page Text
j Garden CORN AND FODDER TIME. Progressiva Farmers Cure the Crop as They Do Wheat. All through August and far into the autumn months, according to locality, the corn harvest will be under way. In the south It Is called “fodder pull ing time.” Wherever corn is grown the season for gathering it in is al ways interesting. There seems to be more sentiment in the corn harvest than in any other. At the same time the work of stripping com from the stalk and in stacking the fodder shocks is not altogether play. The progressive farmers of the northern and middle states are more expert in the saving of fodder than are the farmers of the south. The plan is simple. They cut down the stalks, blades and all, and cure them In the shocks as many farm ers do with their wheat and oats. Many southern farmers have tried the plan of cutting and curing in shocks and afterward snapping off the ears and shredding the blades and ■talks. For a year or two the plan was very popular. It looked as If it would be al most universally adopted. Those who were fortunate In getting first class shredding machines and who exercised ordinary judgment and skill in han dling the corn crop in this way were delighted with their experience, and many are still following the practice. For ten or twelve years the Georgia experiment station has practiced the cutting and shocking and shredding system, and this plan Is still pursued with satisfaction. One or two years, owing to unusually bad seasons in §1 • COBNHUSKING TIME. September (a rare occurrence) or a little unskillful handling, more or less of the shredded stuff was badly dam aged by dampness and heating. When sweet and free from damage the horses, mules and cattle ate it freely, rejecting but a small percentage. Work animals and milk cows are kept in good condition on it, with no other roughage for months at a time. The stalks by this process are out of the way of the sowing of small grain. The refuse stalks are not left to be in the way next spring. The illustration “Cornhusking Time’' is the good old way in all sections, and, although it is tedious, it is always sure. Quality In Farm Labor. The time has come when the bar rier known as the contract labor law should be modified so that farmers could hire the right kind of farm hands in England and northern Eu rope, advertising for them in a co operative way in the foreign farm pa pers or securing them through Amer ican consular agents. First class men could be obtained if they could be legally promised jobs in advance. As it Is now, only a few of the best class care to run the chances of coming over with no definite prospect In view, and the bulk of our immigration is not well suited to labor on northern farms. Importation of trained, relia ble help from northern Europe would help to solve the immigration prob lem and that of farm labor as well. Sift out the low grade Immigrants, but take down the bars against those who make the best kind of raw mate rial for citizenship. Value of Cowpeas. The cowpea is a large beanlike plant that produces a large amount of for age. It is valuable for a green food or for plowing under for green ma nure. It has been used successfully for improving wornout soils, especial ly those that are light and sandy in texture. Its greatest advantage for this purpose is its ability to gather nitrogen from the air and mineral ele ments from subsoil. W 7 hen the crop is plowed under these are left near the surface, where they will be avail able to shallow rooted crops and those which cannot get nitrogen from the air. It has been little used for hay in the north, because it cannot be read ily dried In this climate. It makes a good green feed for milk cows be tween Aug. 15 and Sept. 15, or it may be preserved In the silo by mixing With com fodder. Pumpkins For Fall Feed. It will pay to sow plenty of pumpkin seed. Pumpkins are one of the best fall and winter green feeds for almost all kinds of stock, especially dairy ani mals. They are especially relished by hogs and cows, and they are excellent to mix with dairy feed for the produc tion of milk, the cows relishing them greatly. Baskets For Berries. In making provision for the crop of red raspberries order pint baskets in stead of quarts. The fruit carries much better in the smaller package, and profits are generally larger. The oblong pint basket may be used in th 3 ordinary tbirty*two quart crate. ESTIMATING THE WHEAT. Probabilities of thl Outcome cf a Very Interesting Season. The wheat season starts with small er reserves even than in the famous year 1897, when low supplies of old wheat, followed by a 30 per cent short age in the European crop and a 100,000,000 bushel increase In our own. had some remarkable financial results. This means a sure and quick market for the new crop. It is impossible as yet to estimate the probable foreign wheat harvest of 1909; latest advices indicate that, while the crop in France, England and Russia will be sufficient, Germany and tbe Danube states bave fared badly, so that the total European crop will hardly match the abundant yield of 1905 and 1900. The obvious meaning of such a situation is that Europe must have such of our wheat surplus as the American market can spare and must pay fair prices for It. Had the winter wheat estimate of Aug. 14 confirmed the 400.000.000 bushel prediction current a few weeks before, instead of raising the calcula tion to 432.000,000. and had the spring wheat promise been in any way seri ously impaired tbe country would scarcely have escaped a later repeti tion of the Chicago speculation of last May and our export trade would have been greatly restricted. But 32,000,000 extra bushels make a considerable dif ference. It still remains to see what happens to our spring wheat crop and to for eign crops in the two remaining months. But as matters stand, how ever, there are several reasonable in ferences : First, the American farmer will sell an abundant wheat crop at highly remunerative prices; second, those prices are not likely to go again to the “famine figure,” which will impose hardship on consumers; third, the railways will have the average amount of wheat to transport to market; fourth, our export of wheat and flour, which in the past twelve months was cut down 50,000,000 bushels from the year before and 31,000,000 from two years ago, should be increased by twenty-five to forty millions, thereby helping our market for international exchange and at the same time easing the strain on Europe’s wheat trade. WORTH REMEMBERING. Saddle grafting is used for small plants, the stock being cut to a wedge and the scions cut and set upon the wedge. In splice grafting of the sim plest form the two parts are cut across diagonally and laid together, being tied together with a string and waxed. It is useful for soft or tender wood which will not admit of splitting. ( By separating the roosters from the hens after the breeding season tlieir vitality as breeders will be strength ened. If kerosene is rubbed lightly on their feathers they will not fight and will soon become acquainted with each other. A horse that will walk steadily five miles an hour will cover the same ground in a day with much less fa tigue than one that trots half the time. We do not sufficiently appreciate the value and capability of good, fast walk ers. Land burned over almost always comes up with an inferior growth, such as gray birch, wild cherry and soft maple. Such land offers the most hopeful chances for cheap improve ment through seeding or planting pieces and cutting the other trees in a few years. An odor will be observed in the mill: if silage is fed to cows a short time before milking, but if given shortly after milking the silage smell cannot be detected. It will mean a loss to the farmer to have the cow afraid of him. It is a loss every time she is frightened. To run a cow to pasture is like throwing money away. A cow in any way wor ried will not do her best. Tbe cow that is made a pet of will make money for its owner. The milk of a fright ened or abused cow is poisonous. Pay an occasional friendly visit to tbe little trees set this spring. Rub off unnecessary sprouts and make sure that no label wires have been left on the trees to choke them. Nearly every farmer has more or less tillage land that is too sour for best crop production. He would try the ef fect of lime on an acre or two if he knew that the specially prepared form of lime can be spread easily on land without any disagreeable effects on the user or any troublesome preparation of tho material. A good horse and wagon, neat clothes, clean packages and polite manners nat urally go with a choice retail trade in farm products. Millions of Onions. Fourteen million bushels of onions were raised in the United States last year, and so great was the demand that 1,400,000 bu .Is more were Imported from Spain. Egypt, Bermuda and the south sea Islands. The value of America’s crop was $10,000,000. and the department of agriculture believes that of 1909 should be worth twice as much. It has just issued a bulletin on the subject as a gentle reminder to the average farmer and truck grower that they are overlooking the onion— ns If any one could do such a thing. For many centuries this vegetable thrived only In the valleys and low lands. but improved agricultural meth ods have made it possible to raise it with profit on the hilltops. The Ber muda variety is being grown with tremendous success in all of the south ern states, especially along the gulf coast. Each succeeding year brings new ideas as to marketing, and the danger of having the fruit rot in transit is fast becoming a thing of the past. A Cozy One Story House. Plan That Has Been Built From Many Times— House Can Be Well Constructed For About SI,BOO. Copyright. 1609. by Thomas L. West. Seattle. Wash. —-T J PERSPECTIVE VIEV/—FROM A PHOTOGRAPH. The original plan for this well ar- - r— rauged. cozy and convenient home, all n S the outline of ** CH | JJclos? I a bungalow, has been built from many I times in different towns and states. Tut* architect’s estimates of cost for | KrrcrtEN A | construction includes plastered walls. M—i double flooring, gas and electric light fixtures and porcelain plumbing. Koun || 7g: dation walls of cement, but without t basement as everything is provided I 5 . P ' for in the main floor. Cedar siding and I j j cHjyima. cedar shingles. The wide and deep bay II ! ia.’n* v ia-’S” i ... .of the dining room, with side windows I * lO’B'xiS. O at an un gj e gives a view in three direc t "yfc*-rrg:irTr™yr’-~ _ tions. The bedchambers are well light | HALL Ig” ed from without, have large closets and [jjgrxß'c^* | plenty of free wall space. Kitchen is of “V i n'o*Xl3'o* suitable size for a small house and is | conveniently located. Size 26 by 42 feet; ■ 1. 'nnnM-Jl _L ceiling nine feet. Stained wood makes fBKl H.AU a desirable finish for the whole interior ■ ~~~~= except the bathroom, which should be plete as described for about SI,BOO. FLOOR PLAN. THOMAS L. WEST, Architect. nil fi it Fti Oakleigh Station, Md. & Pa. Ft. R., 2X Miles fkom vowson. Constantly on hand A LARGE STOCK OF MULES, T ° BOIT ALL PDIiPOBEB ' Coach, Oriving, : IT HU HP 0 Saddle and : ■ II K \ H \ General Purpose 11UIIU U U KOK BALK OR EXCHANGE, ay- HORSES BOAR D C. & P. TELEPHONE. DUANE H. RICE, Prop’r, TOWSON. Md. Oct.24—lt FRANK L. WHEELER- WILLIAM P. COLE. WHEELER 8l COLE, Successors to Offutt. Emtnart & Wheeler, FIRE INSURANCE AGENTS, OFFUTT BUILDING. TOWSON. Md. Telephone—C. & P.. Towson 138. German-American Ins. Co., N. Y.; Continental Ins. Co.; Home Ins. Co. of N. Y.; Hartford Ins. Co. of Hartford, Conn.; Pennsylvania Fire Ins. Co. of Philadelphia; St. Paul Fire and Marine Ins. Co.; Londonand Lancashirelna.Co.; Orient of Hartford, Conn.; Dixie, of Greensboro, N. C.; Fire Association,of Philadelphia; Royal,of Liv erpool: North State,of GreeDßboro, N. C.; West ern, of Pittsburg: Spring Garden, of Philadel phia; Niagara, of N. Y.: Afina, of Hartford. Conn.; Norfolk, Norfolk, Va. Representing as we do the above named flrst olass Fire insurance Companies and an agency of twenty-five years'standing, that has so long en loyed the confidence of the public, we respect fully solicit of the people of Baltimore county ■ SKSCSf* * COLE. WM. J. BIDDISON. FIRE INSURANCE ACENT Fire, Tornado and Windstorm Poli cies Issued. INTO ASSESSMENT. —REPRESENTING— HOME FIRE INSURANCE CO. OF N. Y.. Assets $30,000.000.00; GIRARD FIRE & MARINE INSURANCE CO. OF PHIUA., Assets *2.141.283.79. Office— Helair Road and Maple Avenue. Raspeburg P. 0.. Baltimore County, Md. C. & P. and Maryland Phones. HTA share of patronage will be appreciated. Jan. 2-ly SPECIAL SALE 1 GAS and ELECTRIC I FIXTURES Riff Inducement 1n I DINING ROOM and LIBRARY I I DOMES. Inverted lights at. 69 cts. I Hi LOFCENER CAS LIGHT CO. g 433 N. Gav St. Baltimore, Md. £ RASPEBURG POULTRY YARDS* SAIKTL D. IKIARKLEY, "<>■ 11 LACK MINORCAS, BARRED PLYMOUTH ROCK. HOSE COMM RHODE ISLAND RED. I CPtKEF ELS [Feb. B7—ly TO LOAN <*> MUST <niitl A* , One sum of *auu,->uc sum <>i fin,, on. n. SI,OOO. one sum of f’.ooo. I r JOHN H. ooNTO-v > Attor. er at Law Tnwwno* n v May 4.—tf. I, —-1# 1845 1909 MEN'S CLOTHING Oldest and Largest Popular- Priced Tailoring Estab lishment in Bal timore City large link or new spring and sum mer GOODS NOW IN STOCK, AT POPULAR PRICKS B. WEYFORTH & SONS ,217-219 North Paca Street Both 'Phone* 1 I & WILLIAM HANNEMANN ►2 1 Tin AND & Sheetiron 2 Worker 2 ►2 Tinware Neatly Repaired g Si Particular attention /Hint % J 9 to Metallic Roofing* Untie/** J Sphut*. Hot Air For/• act*. 8* Fi ref fitter Store** Fie £ \ % >2 $ ft TOWSON, Md. 2 _ Allegany Ave , Near York Rd ! * P l*!i lie—To-W.ii ISW •SNtt'SfOa'ifiUKfXeV AWIHMbAMfcW The Old Town National Bank Cor. Gay and Exeter Streets. Baltimore, Md JACOB W. HOOK, AARON BENEBCH. President. Vice-President HENRY O. REDCE, Cashier. Capital, $200,000. Average Deposits, $1,400,000. Surplus and Profits' SBO,OOO Accounts of corporations, firms. Individual,, societies, trustees and executors solicited. Specia and prompt attention Is given to the accounts ot farmers and to receiving sums of money fo safe-keeping for long or short periods. OVERLEA COTTAGE Terminal of Bel Air Road Car Line A. N. SNYDER, Proprietor Ron ip b bv the day or week, with or without board. Meals to order. Five cent car fare to Overlea Cottage, Over r lea, Baltimore County, 'd. We invite an inspection ol our beau tiful suburban cottage. High elevation, spacious porci.es, bracing, purecountry air, good rooms and meals, and fine water, which plpase the epicure. I’ ~ I TELEPHONES Md. Phone-W 4541 C. & P.-Hamilton 33 R George Sack & Sons LAURAVILLE, HARFORD ROAD BALTIMORE CO., Md. CEILING UP-TO-DATE DOORS LATHS FRAMES PICKETS | lIMRFR BLINDS SHINGLES V ¥ PAINTS FLOORING AN ° OILS sash BUILDING MATERIAL hardware MOULDINGS , At the very lowest prices CEMENT, &c. To those who contemplate the building of Suburban Homes we can furnish all the material required and will cheerfully make estimates on the cost of same Why Not Buy the Best ? A Get a Fireplace Heater, Cook Stove, Range or Furnace of The B. C. Bibb Stove Co 101-109 Light Street, Baltimore, Md. And you will never regret it SEMI-ANTHRACITE COAL An excellent screened lump fuel for Kitchen Range use. Especially adapted for Steam and Hot Water Heater use. A FREE BURNING Coal—free from all dust, dirt, slate and clinkers: nothing to injure your stove, or furnace. Our Yard*926E. Monument St WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF BLACKSMITHING COAL Smokeless Fuel Company Main Office—339-41 Equitable Bldg. Tel.—Bt Paul 1565 C, &P. Telephone ... - Madison 476 —M ROBERT RAINEY 1015 YORK ROAD, WAVERLY Registered Sanitary Plumber ■ 'l. ■■■—— ■■ - == GAS FITTING and HOT WATER HEATING Cottage Work a Specialty All Work Guaranteed Estlmatea Cheerfully Given fED. K. MUNROE Engineer and Contractor Govanstown STEAM HOT WATER HEATING Special attention to Heating Apparatus for Suburban Homes Save Money by saving Fuel. How much Coal did you burn last Winter? Repairs promptly attended to Baltimore Office —1068. Gay St. Telephones —Md., Courtland 111; C.<ScP.,Bt.Paul 1973 Govan9 Office—C. & P., Tuxedo 229 F R. Q. TAYLOR & CO HATTERS Umbrellas Hand Bags Lap Cavars Canas MARK CROSS COMPANY'S LONDON GLOVES —AGENTS TOO.— DUNLAP & CO - - - New York CHRISTY A CO - - - London 11 North Charles Street F. COOK 527 YORK ROAD TOWSON. DEALER IN Boots, Choes and Rubbers, also Dry Goods and Notions SHOE REPAIRINMEATLY DOME P. H. QUTTMANN & CO. Carpenters and Builders If yon intend to build, let ns give yon an estimate; or if yon have any jobbing to do, we will do it at a reasonable price. Telephone-Wolfe IGSB M 2418 E. Federal St., Baltimore, Md GROOM’S ICE CREAM PARTIES, PICNICS, FAIRS, Etc., Will receive undivided attention and prompt service. Goods right and prices right. George Groom, Prop., Towaen, Md.