Newspaper Page Text
Garden ROLLERS OF CONCRETE Process For Making Cheap and Desir able Farm Articles. A concrete roller Is a very desirable article to have on a farm. One may be made at slight cost that will be quite as serviceable as an lroh roller costing several dollars. Following Is described a simple and practical way of making a concrete roller: The first cut shows two completed rollers, one with an iron handle, the other with one of wood; 2 by 4 should be used for side pieces. The weight of a concrete roller may be figured at about 150 pounds per cubic foot. These directions will □/dir COMPLETE ROLLER. be for making a roller eighteen inches long and eighteen inches in diameter, weighing, therefore, about 400 pounds. Larger sizes may be made by merely changing the dimensions of the forms. Have a tinner cut No. 24 galvanized sheet iron to a size 18 by 57 inches and roll in his machine until the edges lap two or three inches. Get some strips one-half or five-eighths inch thick and two inches wide. Cut eight pieces one foot long and one piece sev enteen Inches long. Select a smooth board surface two feet or more square, drive a nail in the center and tie a string to it. Fasten a pencil to the string Just nine inches from the nail and draw a circle eighteen inches in diameter. Take the eight pieces cut out, lay them on the circle, with each piece just projecting beyond the circle. Nail these firmly together where they overlap with small nails. Mark the same circle on this form and cut out with a compass saw. Nall the seventeen inch strip across this and bore a hole exactly in the center to fit the axle, which should be a piece of shafting one Inch in diameter, or three-quarter inch gas pipe two feet long. Next make a baseboard about two feet square of dressed lumber, cleats on the underside. Bore a hole in the center of a size to fit the axle. Lay the follower before made over this and put the axle through both holes. Take the sheet iron and place around vsy i •I M -r -J J MOLD POB CONCRETE ROLLER, the follower, drawing it up snugly. Drive fifteen or twenty eightpenny nails into the baseboard close up around the sheet iron to hold it in place. Draw the follower to the top of the sheet iron and put another wire around the latter to keep it from spreadingout j also one ortwo at the cen ter. The second cut shows this clearly. When ready to fill place the base board on a solid surface, allowing the axle to project three Inches below the top of the baseboard. Coat inside of sheet iron and baseboard with linseed oil or lubricating oil. Make a con crete of one part portland cement, two parts of sharp sand and three or four parts of small stone, well mixed and wet enough to pour. Raise the follower about six inches from the bottom and pour in two or three Inches of concrete. Tamp thoroughly. The object of tamping is not so much to settle the concrete as to remove air bubbles and get the stone away from the forms, so as to have a smooth surface. Raise the follower three or four inches and pour in more concrete, and so on until the form Is full. As the follower is raised it keeps the sheet iron perfectly round and the shaft in the center. Take the follower off and smooth the top with a trowel. Remove the sheet iron in a day or two, but do not move the roller or baseboard for a week. The roller should harden two weeks before using. Picking Hops. There are two drawbacks to hop picking. One is so called hop poison ing, which is simply a sort of prickly heat or rash, sometimes produced by contact of face and arms with the net tle-like fuzz on the stalks of the hop vine. It does not affect all pickers. The other is the dark staining of the hauds resulting from the resin of the blossom. It may be removed with the crashed green leaves of the hop. Undersized Birds. Little chickens confined in close quar ters take on flesh and fat at the ex pense of bone and frame. Such birds will be undersized and make poor breeders. AGRICULTURE IN ALASKA, Remarkable Possibilities of the Far Northwest Possession. The area of Alaska is so great that the United States government main tains five agricultural experiment sta- I tlons in the territory, so situated that ; crops may be tested under all the cli j matic conditions. Sitka, on the strip of coast projecting southeast, has a j fairly mild climate, while the station j at Rampart is close to the arctic cir- I cle. C. C. Georgeson, special agent in | charge of all the stations, in his an j nual report for 1908, recently issued by | the United States department of agri culture, declares unqualifiedly that “Alaska is an agricultural country,” that good hay can be produced "in any quantity” for winter feeding, while the native grasses “can maintain live stock In excellent condition in summer.” He says also that “potatoes, cabbage, caul iflower. rhubarb, turnips, lettuce and, In short, all the hardy vegetables can j be grown to perfection up to and even within the arctic circle, as has been proved by thousands of settlers.” But before Alaska can be largely settled railroads and wagon roads must be built. Under present conditions, he says, “few farmers can afford to go to Alaska with their families, live stock and equipment.” The expense of trans portation “would equal the cost of a farm in the states.” Abundant sunshine is essential for good crops in Alaska. In 1908 the rain fall during the growing season at Slika was 16.22 inches against 24.76 inches the year before and 18.91 inches in 1906. The smaller rainfall meant more sunshine, and the result in 1908 was large crops of potatoes, cabbage, cauliflower and various root crops. The quality also was better. Mr. Georgeson believes that Alaska has undeveloped resources sufficient for the support of a large population. But there, as he says, “Nature is stern nnd uncompromising, and we must sub mit to the conditions she imposes.” Among many interesting facts given In the report is this: Watermelons were brought to maturity out of doors on the Hot Springs farm, which is in the Tanana valley, in latitude 64 de grees north It seems that on part of this farm the soil is warmed from the same source, whatever it is, that heats the water of the springs. This farm has now 150 acres regularly under crop, the greater portion devoted to po tatoes. The Pest That Kills Plums. The quickest and most economical method of lighting the curculio where there are only a few trees is to place a sheet under each tree early in the morning as soon as the insects appear and jar the trunks. When they fall gather and burn/ This should be done twice a week for two or three weeks, when most, if not all of them, can be caught before the fruit is injured. The plum, the damson and the apricot are the fruits most injured. Slugs that at tack the pear and other trees may be killed by dusting the leaves when damp with fresh air slaked lime. Ap ple trees should be sprayed early in the spring when buds commence to form, after the blossoms fall, wher fruit is one-third grown and when half grow. The bordeaux and paris green solution is the best remedy. These solutions may be had already prepared at the agricultural stores. Orchard Ladder on Wheels. The accompanying sketch represents an orchard ladder on wheels. It is something that will be appreciated un til the orchard crops are in. Take a pair of old mower wheels and one piece of 2 by 4 scantling for an axle. Place the ladder upon this scantling. To keep it upright use poles, two at the bottom and one near the top of the USEFUL IN THE ORCHARD. ladder, extending to the ground. The upper one is forked at the top so us to hold the ladder firmly. The ladder is eighteen feet high, and as the foun dation is broad there is no danger of its falling over. The brace is so made that it can be adjusted, thus enabling one to place the ladder rt any angle. Keeping Surplus Eggs. When eggs are only required to be preserved for two or three months they keep very well packed In dry salt or bran. The meat of the egg may shrink and rattle within the shell when shaken, but its edibility is not impaired. Coating the egg with vase line or butter will also keep it for a short time, or any application which •ifejctively seals the pores of the shell imd exciudes *air will prolong the freshness of eggs. If the egg is even momentarily submerged in boiling wa ter the albumen thereby becomes suffi ciently coagulated to prevent the en trance of air. In some of the rural districts in England and Scotland eggs for home consumption are smutted over with a mixture of sulphur and lampblack, a cheap and effective pre servative. But the limewnter mixture la best for general purposes. A House Open to the Sun. Spacious Porches Provide For a Large Balcony Over* head—Can Be Built For About $7,000. Designed by Thomas L. West. Seattle, Wash. PERSPECTIVE VIEW FROM A PHOTOGRAPH. ■■ "| BOWDU2 Ctmdanmsai H == omen oiamjzd l Jj II •*— J) FIRST FLOOR PLAN. SECOND FLOOR PLAN. The home shown in the above photograph is designed for sunny climates. Note the spacious porches with a large balcony overhead. The windows are wide and so arranged as to flood the rooms with light and air and the warm rays of the sun when warmth is desired. The rooms are large, making solid oak floors and plate glass windows suitable accompaniments. The exterior may be covered with plaster on metal lath, a finish which harmonizes with the general design. Width. 82 feet: depth. 35 feet: height of first story, 9 feet; second story. I 1 feet *• inches: basement depth. 8 feet. With hot water heat ing. porcelain plumbing, gas and electric fixtures complete the house can be built for $6,000 to $7,000. THOMAS L. WEST, Architect FRED. W. BERKOWSKI THE VILLAGE BLACKSMITH Gardenville, Baltimore County, Md. Bel Air Road, Opposite Southern Avenue CARRIAGE and WAGON BUILDER Repairing and Painting of Carriages a Specialty Agricultural Implements Repaired UfIDCC OUnCIMP On Scientific Lines to Pre nUnut dnUtlNu vent Interfering All orders by ’phone or mail will receive my prompt and careful at tention, and work wHI be called for and delivered when required. Lowest prices for the highest quality of work. Phone, Hamilton 77—4 Lumber and Mill Work New Yard opened in TOW SON by a Practical Builder M. H. Merryman Washington and Susquehanna A vs., at M. and P. R. R. Station Bill Stuff, Siding, Flooring, Shingles, Sash, Doors, Blinds, Building Paper PEACH BOTTOM ROOFING SLATE The Best in the World, Always on Hand C. & P. Telephone, Towson 63—R. ' 1 SEMI-ANTHRACITE COAL An excellent screened lump fuel for Kitchen Range use. Especially adapted for Steam and Hot Water Heater use. A FREE BURNING Coal—free from all du6t, dirt, • slate and clinkers: nothing to injure your stove or furnace. 52 Our Yard-926E. Monument St WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF BLACKSMIIHING COAL Smokeless Fuel Company Main Office—339-41 Equitable Bldg. Tel.-St Paul 1565 1845 1909 MEN’S CLOTHING Oldest and Largest Popular- Priced Tailoring Estab lishment in Bal timore City LARGE LINE OF NEW SPRING AND STO NER GOODS NOW IN STOCK, AT POPULAR PRICKS B. WEYFORTH & SONS 217-219 North Paca Street —' Both 'Phones J The Old Town National Bank Cor. Gay and Exeter Streets, Baltimore, Md JACOB W. HOOK, AARON BKNEBCH, President. Vice-President. HENRY O. REDUE, Cashier. Capital, $200,000. Average Deposits, $1,400,000. Surplus and Profits' SBO,OOO Accounts of corporations, firms, individuals, societies, trustees and executors solicited. Speoial and prompt attention is given to the accounts of farmers and to receiving sums of monev for safe-keeping for long or short periods. rKNStKNStKNSiKf tisKNSsKNtsKMsKf WILLIAM HANNEMANN 8* | Tin AND & Sheetiron S Worker l ►I Tinware Neatly Repaired gg & Particular attention paid & Jt to Metallic Roofing, Outlets, \ Spouts, Hot Air Furnaces, H jl and Fire/tlace Stoves, Etc. A s * ? TOWSON, Md. - Allegany Ave., Near York Rd. i C. & P. Phone—Towson 192 W WS. VA •S?*. AVAWAIMW GROOM'S ICE CREAM Wh °"““ le PARTIES, PICNICS, FAIRS, Etc., Will receive undivided attention and prompt service. Goods right and prices right. George Groom, Prop., Towson, Md. OVERLEA COTTAGE Terminal of Bel Air Road Car Line A. N. SNYDER, Proprietor Rooms by the day or week, with or without board. Meals to order. Five cent car fare to Overlea Cottage, Over lea, Baltimore County, Md. We invite an inspection oi our beau tiful suburban cottage. High elevation, spacious porches, bracing, pure country air, good rooms and meals, and fine water, which please the epicure. R. Q.TAYLOR & CO HATTERS Umbrsllas Hand Bags Lap Cevara Canaa MARK CROSS COMPANY'S LONDON GLOVES —AGENTS DUNLAP & CO - - - New York CHRISTY & CO - - - London 11 North Charles Street JOHN A. UMLAUFF Paper Hanger and Decorating High class workmanship and low prices. Let me estimate on your - work, whether it is a single room or the whole house, be • fore placing your order. —OFFICE— Bel Air Road, between Maple and Over lea Aves., Overlea, Baltimore County, Md. P. H. GUTTMANN & CO. Carpenters and Builders If you intend to build, let us give you an estimate; or if you have any jobbing to do, we will do it at a reasonable price. Telephone— Wolfe 1668 M 2418 E. Federal St., Baltimore, Md IMepflej In Co., WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. ICE, ICE CREAM %- • FISH & OYSTERS. York Road and Chesapeake Avenue, TOWSON, MD. @r-C. & p. PHONE, TOWSON 191-K. Having purchased the business of the late SAMUEL K. DICKERSON, of Towson, and BRYAN St LEE, of Kuxton, I am prepaied to furnish ICE in any quantity from 10 pounds up. Special pricea on carload lots. Also furnish be-t ICE CREAM and OYSTERS for Private Families. - Churches, Schools and OYSTER StTPPERs. in any quantity at moder ate prices. Also FRESH FIBH received daily. Stores and families supplied at moderate prices. 8. CLAYTON SEITZ, i Proprietor. iililili Oakleigh Station, Md. & Pa. R. R., 2X Miles from Towson. Constantly on hand A LARGE STOCK OF HULES, TO SUIT ALL PURPOSES. 3S -DL Coach, Driving, : TTflTinrin Saddle and : ■ II K \ H \ General Purpose 11U 111) 111) FOR SALE OR EXCHANGE. whorsesToakdedh C. St P. TELEPHONE. DUANE H.~RIOE, Prop’r, TOWSON, Md. Oct.24—lv I FRANK I. WHEELER. WILLIAM P. DOLE. I | WHEELER & COLE, | Successors to Offutt, lim mart St Wheeler, i FIRE INSURANCE AGENTS, i * OFFUTT BUILDING, TOWSON. Md. J Telephone—C. St P„ Towson 188. ! German-American Ins. Co., N. Y.; Continental ' Ins. Co.: Home Ins. Co. of N. Y.: Hartford Ins. 1 Co. of Hartford, Conn.; Pennsylvania Fire Ins. ; Co. of Philadelphia; St. Paul Fire and Marine ' Ins. Co.; London and Lancashire Ins. Co.; Orient I of Hartford, Conn.; Dixie, of Greensboro, N. C.; ! Fire Association, of Philadelphia; Royal, of Li v -1 erpool; North State, of Greensboro, N.C.; West- I ern, of Pittsburg: Spring Garden, of Phlladel ; phia; Niagara, of N. Y.: .Etna, of Hartford, > Conn.; Norfolk, Norfolk, Va. I I Representing as we do the above named ttrst i olass Fire Insurance Companies and an agency I of twenty-five years'standing, that has so long enloyed the confidence of the publio,we respect fully solicit of the people of Baltimore county a continuation of their patronage. 00t.24 —lyl WHEELER St COLE. TOWSON STORB A NEW LINE OF UP-TO-DATEMILLINERY ... JUST OPENED. HATS AT ALL PRICES ... NO CHARGE FOR TRIMMING IF ALL GOODS ABE BOUGHT OF~ME. Retrimming and Making Oyer a Specialty INCOME IN TO BEE ME. THE TOWSON MILLINERY STORE, York Hoad and Pennsylvania Ave.. Towson, Md. WM. J. BIDDISON, - FIRE INSURANCE ACENT Fire, Tornado and Windstorm Poli cies Issued. NO ASBESSMUNT. —REPRESENTING— HOME FIRE INSURANCE CO. OF N. Y„ Assets $20,000,000.00: GIRARD FIRE St MARINE INSURANCE CO. OF PHILA.. Assets $2,141,263.79. Office—Belalr Kond and Maple Avenue. Baapeburg P. 0., Baltimore Comity, Md. C. St P. and Maryland Phones. HT* A share of patronage will be appreciated. Jan.2—ly VEGETABLE PLANTS OF ALL KINDS SALE^ Lettuce and Cabbage for Fall Planting. S. W. SHANKUN & SON, Sept. 26 -tfl WHITE MARSH, Md. •RASPEBURG POULTRY YARDS* ~ SAIR’L D. MARKLEY, MKKS? ! BLACK MINORCAB, BARRED PLYMOUTH ROCK. ROSE COMB RHODE ISLAND RED. COCKERELS F BALE [Feb. 27—ly T7IIRB INSURANCE. INSURE YOUR HOMES AND FARM BUILD INGS IN THE MUTUAL FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY IN HARFORD COUNTY. BBLAIR, MD. (Incorporated In 1843.) Rates 30 per cent, tower than other Companies. All risks prompt ly met. Apply to JAMES KELLEY. Director, Mob. 7.—tf. Towson Md. JIJONET TO LOAN. IN BUMB OF S6OO AND UPWARDS. ON FIRST MORTGAGE. Apply to WILLIAM 8. KEBCH, Feb. 17—-tf Towson. Md. Money to loan on FIRST-CLASS REAL ESTATE, IN SUMS TO SUIT, AT 5X PER CENT. Apply to GRASON St BACON, Dec. 16—tf Towson. Md. <£7 nnn TO IN SUMS of SI,OOO I AAJU AND UPWARD. Apply to E. W. HERMAN. Ju 4.—tf. Attorney at Law. Towson. Md.