OAKLAND BUSINESS GUIDE.
a RO CEHIES, etc,
f\AVIS & TOWNSHEND,
■*-' GKNKIiAL MERCHANDISE,
Agents Agricultural Machines,
Opposite Hailey's Park.
T| E. OFFUTT,
Agricultural Machine*, M usioal Instruments,
(inns, Pistols, etc.
fl W. LEGGE,
Cor. Second A Oak sts.
" ORIGINAL NEW YORK STORK,
General Merchandise, Watches, Clocks, Jew*
JOHN O. MICHAEL,
** GENERAL MERCHANDISE.
Second door South Coddington’s Hotel.
I W. ST AL X A KER,
Grocery and Provision Store,
Corner Third and Oak Street.
4 L. OSBOURN,
'*-• ADAMS EXPRESS OFFICE,
_ General Merchandise.
| BUSH & SON.
Cor. Third & Oak sts.
\ T B. WAY MAX,
* General Merchandise,
Cor. Alder A Main Sts.
i>uooks 7 ~
GREAT NEW YORK STORE,
Agent for Fertilizers,
New Ruilding. near Depot
( ' C. MICHAEL,
• GENERAL MERCHANDISE,
Notions, CI.M-ks,Confectionery, etc.,
Next to Coddington’s Hotfl.
icH ARDSON BROS.,
Canned Goods, Fruit, etc.
/"J-EO. \V. CATOX,
I ried and Stewed Oysters. Raw on the shell.
K. T. Browning, Proprietor.
VV r . M. Coddington, Prop’tor,
Alain St., Opposite Jamison’s Hilliard Saloon
It OAit I> IXG 110 USES.
jVfU.S. DAVID RHINEHART,
• LTA Water Street.
MBS. RALPH THAYER,
Oak and Third Streets.
IVY VIS HOUSE,
Cor. Oak A Second streets. |
•jVTEW GLADE HOUSE,
*■ ’ Mrs. It. J. West, Proprietress.
Cor. Third A Alder Sts
* Oak Street.
CABINET M AKEItS AND UN
.4 C. BROOKE,
- 1 ' Res. adjoining Gazette office.
| OIIN SHATZER,
" Shop oil Fourth Street.
|)lt. E. H. BARTLETT,
■* “ Office Main st., op. Dailey’s Park.
T4R. J. LEE McCOMAS,
_ Office on Main Street.
(1 BIST AND SHINGLE MILLS,
Peter Martin, Proprietor.
1 VYK LA X D WOO LEX MILLS,
Sam’l Lawton, Proprietor.
° Residence on Fourth Street
ROOT AND SHOE MAKER.
WM, M. WAGNER,
’ T Shop Cor. Second A Oak Sts.
Q EO. F. LOUGHRIDGE,
Leave orders at Express office.
• Boot and Shoe Maker,
Shop Cor. Water and Second St* ;
LIVER Y STABLE.
R T. BROWNING,
At Browning House.
T P. MOORE,
” ’ Water street, near Martin’s Mill.
Repairing done neatly and promptly.
STOVES AND lIN WARE.
(Q A. BHIRER,
• Oak street, near Second.
A general line of Stove* and Tinware.
4 LEX. C. MASON,
Office over Jamison’s Saloon.
j\f R. HAMILL,
- LTA * County Surveyor,
Office in Offutt’s Building.
Address, Post Office.
• Office in Offutt’s Building.
MILLINERY AND FANCY
Vf RS. M.E. DAVIS,
■ l * a Cor. Oak & Second Sts.
M" L. SCOTT’S Baltimore Store.
Millinery, Gents’ Furnishing
And Fancy Goods, and Shoes.
Main Street, Opposite Dr. Mct’omas’ office.
DRUGS AND MEDICINES.
V’EO. C. STURGISS,
X" Drugs, Medicines.
Perfumery, Toilet articles,Stationery,
Tobacco and Cigars. Alder St.
B LA CKSMITIIS.
T ~F. BROWNING,
” • Shop near Browning House.
CONTRA CTORS <0 B UILDERS
JOHN M. JARBOE,
” Carpenter, Contractor & Builder,
Residence on Liberty St. nearly oppo. Depot.
p A. CHISHOLmT”
• Carpenter, Contractor,
Residence over Jamison’s Saloon.
(M EO. A. SPEDDEN, ~
Residence opp. School house.
JOSEPH M. GRIM,
" Residence on Alder Street.
4 C. BROOKE,
rA * Res. adjoining Gazette office.
Residence on Second St.
T LOYD CHAMBERS,
* J Residence Coddington’s Hotel.
•' Residence cor. Water & Third sts.
PAINTING d PAPER HANG
-* House and Sign Painter,
Leave orders at Coddington’s Hotel, or at
the Stores of 1). K < Mlutt or G. W. W. Legge.
IA MES ENI A )W,
** House and Sign Painter,
Residence adjoining Gazette Office.
|7 J. FRINGER,
House and Sign Painter.
And Caper Hanger.
Leave orders at Bush’s Store.
SADDLERY AND I/A JtNESS.
[JELL & BUSII,
" In Basement of Bush’s Store.
rii B. FORDYCE,
* Ju Win. Siriouse’s Building.
Sewing Machines, Watches and Clocks
Cleaned and Repaired.
PIIOTOGRA Ell GA LEERY.
rj \V. MERRILL,
Photographs and Ferrotypes
Made in the best style.
Albums, Picture Frames Picture Cord for sale.
Third Street, Opposite New Glade House
/ 11LMOft s. HAMILL.
VJT ATTORNEY AT LAW
AND SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY.
Office in Ofkutt’s Building,
Particular attention given to Conveyancing.
m vestigution of land titles and collection of
laims. Loans negotiated. jeU-ly
I As. M. SCHLEY,
I ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Will practice in the Courts of Washington,
Allegany and Garrett counties. Agrnt for
<alc oft),000 acres of land in Garrett county,
within one and a half to three miles of Oak
REAL ESTATE AGENT.
Garrett county, Md
Office at residence on Main Street. JeH-ly
JOHN M. READ,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
NOTARY PUBLIC. Maryland,
• ATTORNEY AT LAW
SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY',
Oakland, Garrett County, Md.
Will practice In the Courts of Garrett County
and the adjoining Counties of West Virginia,
and in the Court of Appeals of Maryland.
THOS. J. PKDDICORD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW
SOLICITOR IN CHANCERY,
Oakland, Garrett County, Md.
Will practice In the Courts of Garrett County
and the ft4)o!ning Counties of West Virginia,
ami in the Court of Appeals of Maryland.
NO BULLDOZING IN OAKLAND.
OWING TO HARD TIMES and SCARCITY
of MONEY, I have curtailed my expenses
and will give the advantages to my custom
ers. On and after this date my prices will bo
reduced to the following low rates:
New Shoes, all round SI.OO
Being a practical mechanic, ns my work
will attest, I am able to guarantee all work.
BLACKSMITHING IN GENERAL DONE
IN A WORKMANLIKE MANNER.
C. H. SINCELL,
Oakland, Md., March 17th, 1877.
DR. J. DAILY,
From one to a full set
of teeth inserted In the
most beautiful and
substantial manner. jaaaSALL— —; fa.
paid to cleaning and .Wffi :i#Si it fry
filing the natural teeth
All work warranted'®! J
to give satisfaction, or
money refunded. Je2l-ly
OAKLAND, MD., SATURDAY, MAY 19, 1877.
LETTER FROM VOLCANO.
Volcano, W. Va., May 9,1877.
Ed. Republican : Having a;
few leisure moments I come to thes
“anon” promised in my last letter.]
Since then three temperance meet-j
ings, under the auspices of the “Mur--
phy” movement, have been held
Volcano, the first bv the undersigned
and the second and third by others'
from afar. These resulted in the or
ganization of a branch of the “Na
tional Christian Temperance Union,”
on a basis similar to that of the Oak
land Band of Hope. Nearly two
hundred names were enrolled as
Yesterday we had a Masonic fu
neral in this place. The remains of
the deceased brother were taken to
the Odd Fellows’ Cemetery at Piv
kersburgaml there buried according
to the ceremony of the Order.
Though the afternoon was rainy and
very inclement, about sixty Masons
of the Voloano and Parkersburg
Lodges formed a procession at the
latter place to do honor to the mem
ory of the dead. Among those pres
ent were two Episcopal ministers
and two M.E. ministers. The young
man who died had not a relative
present, was far away from home,
and comparatively unknown. Kind
ly hands smoothed his pillow to the
last, and give him every needful at
tention. “Care for the dying and
bury the stranger,” was not forgotten
by the Masonic fraternity of Vol
cano and vicinity.
On the 28th ult., the first number
of the Went Virginia Oil Record was
published here, a weekly paper,
chiefly of a business character. It is
much needed, and appeal's to be
ably edited. From it I learn that
the prospect for a very brisk and re
munerative trade in oil is good, at
least for a considerable time. Dur
ing the financial depression the peo
ple of this community suffered, and
are now joyful over their more than
ordinary “streak of good fortune.”
Several of the wells are kept going
all night, and quite a large number
of new shafts have been sunken and
are now in full blast. It is quite an
interesting sight to watch the process
of “drilling for oil.” Sometimes
they have to drill to a depth of 800
and 900 feet, and nearly always to a
depth of 500 feet, more or less ; and
when they happen to lose their tools
or when their tools stick in the rock,
or mud, if you were very near you
might, perchance, hear a few “ex
plosives” more emphatic than re
Changing the subject a little, I
hear less talk about politics here than
any place I have ever been. No one
has yet approached me on any polit
ical topic. Suppose the “fuse” is all
exhausted after the recent campaign,
and the people are taking their
The weather for a week or so past
has been very cold and disagreeable.
On the first day of May we had
heavy hail, snow, rain, etc., and the
rain has continued ever since, with
intervals of a few hours sunshine,
just to show us what old “Prob.”
could do if he liked. Well, an Eng
lish Divine once said that the weath
er never goes astray, and I presume
he was right, for it is better than we
deserve, when we remember our
manifold sins and transgressions.
On last Sunday afternoon I atten
ded service in the Episcopal Church,
and was called upon to conduct the
closing portion, and at a funeral ser
vice in the same church recently the
same was repeated. I merely men
tion this to show that in some places
the Protestant Episcopal Church is
as willing to fall in with the spirit of
fraternity as any other, and I would
that this were more generally culti
vated and promoted.
On Sunday, April 29, in the fore
noon my pulpit was filled by a min
ister of the Presbyterian Church,
who preaches here about once in ev
ery two months. He visits us from
The strangest sight of all is a Bul
garian Monk, (so he styles himself,)
in his long black calico wrapper and
very small red cap, who, with un
kept hair and sunburnt face, is
to-day parading our mountains, and
arranging for a hail wherein to lec
ture on the countries of the East.
How such a variety of people find
their way to Volcano, is something
I can hardly understand.
Vegetation here is about three
woeks behind Parkersburg, so that
after all we have not fallen very far
in our descent from Oakland.
I notice some three or four big
“roosters” here, and they seem to be
doing nearly all the gardening for
this ancient burgh. One thing I do
know, they ha ve undone my garden
ing for 1877. They are Methodists,
: But I think they have fallen fiom
j (trace, and their future state ' (in my
(bind) is nearly settled.
ul.I was glad to see from your last is
that the Band of Hope contin
ues to work. Long may it wave.and
|Well may its members fare here and
The temperance movement in
Parkersburg is still increasing in in
terest. Over one thousand have
signed the pledge, and meetings are
held every night. Let us hope that
the movement is not spasmodic but
I recently married a very hand
sipie young couple “with the ring.”
fusji! it Is quite refreshing" to one’s
ears in this advanced age to hear a
young man promise, “with all my
wordly goods I do thee endow,” es
pecially when, like the Parson he
hasyet to earn the endowment given;
but such is life.
The Grand Lodge of I. O. G. T.,
for this State is to meet in Volcano
next fall. Please send us a fraternal
delegate. One who is able to climb
And now, Mr. Editor, as I have
been trying to write a letter without
having much to write concerning,
allow me to close. My regards to
the friends of “ye olden times.”
J. A. Fullerton.
General Butler gives a lively ac
count of his interview with the Pres
ident. It must be given entire, for
condensation would ruin it: “Yes,
sir, I have had a very delightful in
terview and understanding with the
President. I told him I was de
lighted that he had postponed the
session, and that it would evenuate
in our being able to organize the
House. I told him that if the South
ern people behaved themselves and
kept their pledges it would be the
first time they ever did so, and that
they should have due credit for their
good from me. But 1 thought he
ought to have th recent murders in
Mississippi inquired into, as I was
one of those who were of the opinion
that they were ourageous massacres
caused by political hate. lie said
the matter was being inquired into.
I gave him to understand that I had
learned an effort was being made to
displace Dr. Parker, Postmaster at
New Orleans, lie is my brother-in
law. General Key was in the room,
and he was at once reminded by the
President that Parker was not to be
touched for the present. I told the
President that Samuel Bowles was
in the ante-room, and that perhaps
Adams was also somewhere around,
at which the President looked
alarmed, and I followed up my ad
vantage by just giving the President
my opinion of Samuel Bowles. I
think I have balked any game he
was after. The President asked me
about the seven schooner loads of
paving stones from. Cape Ann Quar
ry, now lying at the Washington
wharves, and I told him they were
purchased by contractors, and that it
was the best stone in the world. I
did say a good word for Mullett, for
he would always buy the Cape Ann
stone when he was architect. The
statements that I am on bad terms
with the President are false. We
will show the Democracy next fall
how we stand. lam going to join in
the campaign in Ohio in September
Postmaster General Key is a good
deal amused at the way he shut up
the Democatic press on the Butler
appointed by showing the beautiful
letters of Sayler and Cox. He said
to a correspondent .of the Philadel
phia Times’. “How the Domocratic
papers would have pitched into me
if I had not had Cox’s and Sayler’s
letters! Now, it is in order for them
to repudiate Nephew George.” Mr.
Key says he made the appointment
manily on General Butler’s recom
mendation, to show that an ex-rebel
was willing to forgive even him.
It was the Democratic majority in
Congress that forced upon the coun
try the expense and annoyance of an
extra session, and now they are un
happy because the President has
named a date which will moderate
the burden into its most endurable
form and weight.
President Hnyes probably named
ths 15th of October for the opening
of the extra session in order to fur
nish the opposition with more time
to manufacture “issues” is largely
in excess of the supply.
A Water Wonder.,
About three years ago an intelli
gent mechanic of Baltimore began
to put into shape some ideas he had
concerning water as a propelling
power for vessels. He believed that
by judicious manipulation a boat
could be propelled without Wheel or
Bcrew. With an inventor’s sublime
faith in the correctness of his theory,
he gave his spare moments to putting
his ideas into practical form. He
built a model and launched her in a
trough. He “fired up” with kero
sene and raised steam to work his
pump. The experiment witli the
working model satisfied the inven
tor that he was on the right track.
But between that model and the trim
little “Alpha,” which ran down the
bay oil her trial trip Thursday, there
was a wide gulf of hope, disappoint
ment, hard work and expectation.
■At one o’clock Thursday afternoon,
Mr. George C. Caldwell, the inven
tor; Captain Jeremiah Cotterell,
master; Mr. John Ahern, business
agent, and Mr. William Warren,
who has aided Mr. Caldwell, went
on board at the long dock, accompa
nied by representatives of the press.
The “Alpha” is a Baltimore built
boat, constructed on the tugboat
model, and as neat a thing of the
kind as there is afloat. She is 40 feet
in length, and has 10) feet of beam.
She is furnished with one 16-horse
power horizontal tubular boiler, and
No. 7 Knowles pump. From the
pump to the stern are two lines of
Pipe, which strike the water about 3
feet beneath the surface. Two simi
lar lines run to the bow. The pump
drives through each pipe a 2) inch
stream, which enters the water
through a 7-8 inch nozzle. With 60
pounds of steam the pump makes
180 strokes to the minute, each stroke
driving a stream into the body of
water. This is all there is about
this wonderful device. And yet,un
der all the disadvantages of a trial
trip, this was the device which yes
terday enabled the “Alpha” to make
ten knotsan hour under sixty pounds
pressure. There was not a ripple
astern, and no perceptible displace
ment of the water, except the little
made by the cutting of the bow.
She was backed and turned with per
fect ease. To back the boat the
stream is driven through the bow
nozzles and the craft obeys on the
instant. If the boat were to |spring
a leak, the pump would simply draw
its supply from the hold and go on
with its work. It is claimed that a
vesselprovided with this appliance
could not sink under ordinary leak
age. For prudential reasons there
were no experiments in this line yes
terday. A remarkable feature of
the Caldwell contrivance is that the
power which propels will also steer.
To accomplish this the nozzles are
worked alternately from side to side,
using the streams as levers, on the
principle of the oar. There is yet
another use to which this device can
be applied. In case of fire on board
or about the docks a line of hose is
attached to the pump, and in a sec
ond there is a floating steam engine
which could at least hold its own
with anything on wheels. The in
ventor claims that his device can be
profitably applied to any vessel, al
though it is mainly intended for ca
nal service, where* he demand is for
a cheap propeller that will not wash
the banks. Mr. Caldwell declares
that both the first and after cost of
his invention will be far less than
that of anything now in use. The
entire driving apparatus is below,
and no part of it could be carried
away by accident or design. The
whole thing is so simple that there
is not much to get out of order and
nothing that could not easily be re
paired. The attempt of the British
government in 1866 to apply water
as a propelling power to vessels is
the only similar effort within our
knowledge. The “Water Witch”
was propelled by streams forced out
at the sides, a rotary fan supplying
the power. The “Water Witch”
achieved a failure and retired from
business, Mr. Caldwell’s invention
has been patented in Europe, as well
as in this country. Of its merit it
can only be said that it works and
performs;itß task. It is something
to know that the whole affair is a
Baltimore enterprise in the hands of
Baltimoreans.— Hallo. Gazette, 10th.
The Roman Catholic Bishop of the
Diocese of Nebraska has issued cir
cular letters to the clergy calling for
special masses during the months of
May and June that the people of the
State may be relieved of the plague
of grasshoppers aud the cousequent
When the Sultan learned the result
of the two days fighting he just
stamped around and Karst and
History says, "Ceasar had his Bru
tus.” But somehow or other we al
ways had the impression that Brutus
rather had Ceasar.
The Turks are suffering considera
bly from Roumaniatism. (Explana
tion of this joke sent free to any ad
dress on receipt of postage,)
The carpet baggers were not al
ways so unpopular. The Egyptians
hated it awfuiiy when the Israelites
packed their gripsacks and said they
guessed they’d have to Mosey.
A Ru&sian engineer has invented
a bomb proof tower,which is moved
by steam, and in which artillerists
sit and pelt the enemy with destruc
tion. By the time the next war
breaks out the warrior will sit in a
rocking chair in the front parlor of a
hotel and talk his .enemies to death
with a revolving telephone.
Whereas, Charles Francis Adams
flatly maintains that President Hayes
“must forever carry on his brow the
stamp of fraud;” and, whereas,
Charles Francis Adams has belonged
to every new party that has been or
ganized since the; caucus at Babel
brokelup in a row; therefore, resolved
what is Charles Francis Adams going
to do about the new whig party?
The Washington correspondent of
the Springfield Republican gives this
amusing Hiid undoubtedly truthful
picture of the ludicrous contortions
produced among the “leading states
men “The President is showing
a good deal of shrewdness in his in
tercourse witli public men. He sees
all who come who have influence.
Especially is this true of Southerners.
He consults both sides, Democrats as
well as Republicans. Some of the
Republicans complain that he re
ceives Democrats as cordially as Mr.
Tilden would do. And the Demo
crats are angry—some or them, at
least—because leading Democrats
have anything to do with him. I
know ot more than one Democrat
who will hardly forgive Senator
Bayard because he called upon Mr.
Hayes the other day. But the South
ern Democrats say they will do as
they please, and that they will no
longer submit to be called to account
by their Northern associates for
their connuct. Randall, Cox and
Morrison—three prominent Demo
crats in the House—are rather double
faced on this quesion of the recogni
tion of tiie President. Privately
they are as clever as one could ask,
but they are so much afraid of the
maiignants of their party that in
public they feel compelled to put on
an air of sourness and ugliness. It
will not do for them in public to for
get that Mr Tilden should be in the
White House, and, if Congress had
come together as was planned, this
hypocritical leeling would have been
exhibited in away not pleasant to
endure. By October ! think these
gentlemen will not be afraid to treat
the President with decency, and the
Republican grumblersiwill have got
over their ill feeling. Time, that
softens all griefs, will alleviate theirs,
I have no doubt, and very likely Mr
Hayes will within a year be the most
popular President we have seen in a
long time. It will certainly not be
strange if such should be the case.”
A Terrible Tragedy occurred a few
days ago near Brittsville, Cloud
county, Kansas. Andrew Edwards
loved the wife of his uncle, Albert
Edwards, and succeeded in aliena
ting tiie affections of the wife from
the husband. She left film, and for
some time they lived apart. On
Sunday last Andrew went to the
house where the wife was residing
and was refused admittance. The fol
lowing day the.unde was found in
the yard bleeding from three deadly
wounds, one in the neck and two in
the body. Since the shooting the
nephew has not been seqn, and sus
picion is trong that he fired the fatal
shots. The thought that the husband
and wife were about to settle their
dfflculties amicably was the motive
for the deed.
Mr. Beecher is “Interviewed every
day or two now on thu political sit
uation, and each time he takes a more
cheerful view of the outlook. He
said to a reporter of the Philadelphia
Tones on Monday; “With a return
to specie payments, with the South
ern question expunged from politica
with reawakening industry, the fu
ture looks brighter than it has done
for twenty-five years.”
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