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continued organisation and success of the
democratic party l , W V v 1 That the presepratku| of thaUonstnu tion demands it; The of %nd free democrat!cal government demands it,* • The restoration of a sound system of internal policy demands it; Economy and honesty in the public ex penditures, now at the rate of four mil lions of dollars a day, demand it; The rapid accumulation of an enor mous public debt demand it—a public debt already one thousand millions of dol lars, and equal, at the present rate, in three years, to England's debt of a pentu ry and a half in growth ; The heavy taxation, direct and indirect, State and Federal, already more than two hundred millions ol dollars a year, eating .out the substance of the people, augment ing every year, demands it; Reducetj wages, low prices, depression of trade, decay of business, scarcity of work, and impending ruin on every side, demand it. And finally, the restoration of the con cord, good feeling and prosperity of for mer years, demand that the Democratic party shall be maintained and made victo rious. W. A. RICHARDSON, of Illinois. A. C. KNAPP, oflliinois, J. C. ROBINSON, of Illinois. JOHN LAW, of Indiana. D. W. VOORHEES, of Indiana. W. ALLEN, of Ohio. C. A. WHITE, of Ohio. WARREN P. NOBLE, of Ohio. GEO. H. PENDLETON, of Ohio. JAS. R. MORRIS, of Ohio. C. L. VALLANDIGHAM, of Ohio. PHILIP JOHNSON, of Penn. S. B. ANCONA, of Penn. GEO. K. SHIEL, of Oregon. Note. —The names of absent’ members concurring in the above, will be affixed to the pamphlet edition of this address. Hr. Sumner on Hayti. The next step in the Abolition program me, siucetbeemancipation of negroes in the District of Columbia is evidently the recog nition of the so-called Republics of Hayti and Liberia. We are to have nigger am bassadors at Washington, to dine and wine with the Presidentand members of the Cab inet. Mr. Sumner made a speech in the Senate, in which he gave a glowing account of Hayti, which he says, “has a surface of 30,000 square miles, and excels in the production of sugar, cotton and palm oil.” Mr. Sumner ought to study geography a little while. The entire island of San Domingo comprises 26,000 square miles, but more than one-half of it is the Spanish portion know as Dominica. Hayti con tains only 10,000 square miles, just one third what Mr. Sumner states. As for this story that it excels in the production of “cotton, sugar and palm oil,” it is “all in my eye, Betty Martin.” Hayti does not now export a pound of sugar. ‘The cotton she exported into the United States,which is the whole of any consequence, for three years, is os follows : 1853 215,199 lbs. 1854 196,127 lbs. 1855 189,214 lbs. This is not so much as the contrabands at Port Royal have picked. As for palm oil, there is no such article of export from ■ Hayti. Coffee, picked from the wild trees, mahogany and logwood, are the prin cipal exports from Hayti, all of which grow spontaneously. There are no, or uext to no cultivated exports. The prin cipal trade of Hayti, it is true, is with the United States. The negroes get their salt pork, beef, fish, &c., of us, together with 1 soap, candles, coarse cotton goods, &o.— 1 Mx. Sumner says that the exports of Hay- 1 ti amount to $2,673,000. 1 Mr. Underbill in his recent work, 1 says be could find no statistics at all 1 in Hayti iu regard to her commerce.— Mr. Sumner also stated that Hayti takes 1 more from us than Cuba and Porto Rico; 1 but he omitted to say that the reason is, that Spain’s exclusive tariff destroys our 1 trade with Cuba. If Mr. Sumner would 1 introduce a bill to send five thousand 1 American soldiers to Hayti, to take posses- 1 sioa of it and set the negroes to work, be 1 would do a real serviee to the cause of 1 civilization; but as for a diplomatic repre sentative there, one might as well be sent 1 to the Feejee Islands. As for one of the l*iy Hayti negroes coming here, we think 1 any white man mean enough to suggest it 1 ought to be larruped.”— N. V. Cauccuiau. A Suggestion to the Intolerant.— - So numerous, indeed, and bo powerful, are the causes which serve to give* Mae bias to judgement, that we upon ttiany occasions, ' see wise and good men on the wrong as weH as on the right side of questions of ' the first magnitude to society. And a 1 farther reason for oantkm in this respect 1 might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who 1 advocate the tenth are actuated by purer ; motives than their antagonists. Ambi tion, avarice, personal animosity, party opposition, and many other motives not 1 more laudable than these, are ape to oper ate as well upon those who support, as up on those who oppose, the right side of a question. ul >,twdj . ,e4t ; s -‘ll .ait.vi 1 Were them nut even these judgments 1 to moderation, nothiogconid be mere ill judged tia that intolerant spirit which has at fli times characterised polities! par- i tkk I’For in politics as to religion, it is eqttftlly absurd to aimat making proselytes iw mi * mmf v ■ f• AW. BATEMAN, Editor. 8 i \ ■■ ■ - ■■■#- =1 B ; EL AIR, MD., Saturday, May 24,1862. ffiJ-TSe “ Southern he* a more extended cir calminn among thu intelligent farmers and busiueat men of HarlSrd, than any oilier paper in the county. No “ Loch Hospital” < other obeoone or “ Lottery” adver tisement* will Hppear in our columns at any price. A larjie number of our subscribers pay for tbclr paper in nd vance, and consequently are Just the class advertisers de sire to reach. The <mtendon of respectable and legitimate advertisers ii directed tn the above facts. , WAR NEWS. The latest advices from Gen. McClellan state that his headquarters is at Baltimore Cross Roads, near where the Richmond and York River Railroad crosses the Pamunkey river. Further particulars of the recent engagement at Fort Darling, state that only two of the gun boats participated ..in the attack on the fort some of the boats having been disabled below, and others tjeing unable to get np because of the obstructions in the river. The Galena was struck by 28 shots, 18 of which penetrated her armor. Advices from Corinth report that there was still farther advance by the Federal force on Sat urday, with much skirmishing, and several small engagements. In an attack on an advanced posi tion of the Confederates, Gen Sherman’s division lost forty-four killed and a considerable number wounded. "The Confederates retired behind their works, their loss being 40 killed and 100 wounded. The Federal troops still held the po sition on Sunday, but were under arms expecting an attack. The near approach of the armies, as indicated by these movements, will doubtless soon precipitate a general engagement. The report of the evacuation of Pensacola by the Confederates is confirmed by Southern au thorities. A despatch states that the navy-yard and forts were destroyed on the night of Satur day, the 10th inst. All the movable Confederate property was carried off, and the railroad track leading to Montgomery was torn up. The next day several Federal vessels, with a flag of truce, went up to the city and demanded its surrender, hut the mayor refused, and said that the military forces had left and he had no power to oppose.— The Federal officers replied that they would oc cupy the city on the following day. A despatch from Fredericksburg, dated Sun day, says the Confederates again appeared in force along the entire lines on Saturday and ven tured very near the Federal pickets. The rail way bridge across the Rapahannock was comple ted'on Saturday, just one week from the time it was first commenced. It appears that the first visit of the Federal troops to Suffolk, Va., was merely a reconnois sance, the place not being occupied until Sunday morning lost. The troops took possession of the town without opposition. Information has been received that. Gen. Curtis, with a large force, is rapidly marching on Little Rock, the capital of Arkansas. The advance of Gen. Stoneman reached Cold Harbor, in Hanover county, five miles north of the Richmond and York River railroad, and about twelve miles from Richmond, on Monday. The Confederates were found to be force in the vicinity, and their pickets were driven in within two miles of the main body. The Confederates have concentrated oil their available force for the defence of the city, and will make a desperate stand. Official correspondence between the officers of the Virginia Legislature and Jefferson Davis is published, in which he says that it is notlhe inten tion of the Confederate Government to withdraw its forces from Virginia, or of abandoning the State; ,but if the capital should have to be surren dered—a necessity which he did not see or an ticipate—that would be no reason for with drawing the army, os the war could be success fully maintained for twenty years on the soil of the State. Gen. Phelps has advanced to Carrollton, 25 miles above New Orleans,-and taken possession of place. A desperate engagement took place at McDow ell, Highland county, Virginia, on the Bth in stant. . The Federal troops made an attack on the Confederate position on the summit of a mountain, but were compelled to retreat, with a loss of 36 killed and 160 wounded. The Con federate loss is also believed to be heavy. All the baggage of the Federal army, which was left at Monterey, was captured by the Confederates. A despatch from Strasburg, Virginia, states that numerous guerilla bands' occupy the spurs of the Blue Ridge and adjacent ranges, and make constant forays on the Federal pickets and scout ing parties. ——; Tall Walkwo.—An individual named Ed ward Payson Weston, who last year accomplish ed the feat of walking from Boston to Washing ton city in ten days, passed through this place on Tuesday evening, on his way from Washing ton to Boston. The distance is 476 miles, and he expeeft to accomplish it this time in eight days. He left Washington at 5 o’clock on Mon day evening, and after stopping in Baltimore about nine honr% arrived in Bel Air, at the hotel of Mr. Allan J. Prlgg, at C o’clock on Tues day evening, where be remained about an hour, and then left for Philadelphia, byway of Cono wingo Bridge. Ho was accompanied by a wagon containing persons to see that no unfair ad vantage is taken; and bis movements were so rapid, that the horses could with difficulty keep up with Jubl ./I: : iy, . To Cure Dyspepsia —Tate a new ■’*) P* Watery handle ta H, bore a hole in the top of the Iraiadle, fill the bole with gam camphor and seal it np Then take the axe ano cot cord wood at fifty cents a cord, ah til the beat of the handle dissolves the camphor. ' • • f LJ. JJJ .1 H-JLli How the Slaves Went South. I The Boston Gamtte, published in Mas sachusetts, and dated July 17,1758, con tain® the following advertisement: “Just Imported from Africa, end to bo sold on board the brig Jonney, William Ellery, comman der, now lying at New Boston, a number of likely negro boys and girls, from twelve to four teen years of age. Inquire of said Ellery, on board said brig, where constant attendance is given. I “Note.—The above slaves have all had the 1 small-pox. Treasurer’s notes and New England rum will be taken as pay,” There is a good text for a long sermon. Hut tho subject requires but few words. ' Massachusetts,now so piously hostile to sla . very,was at that date, and for half a century later, the great slave trader of the West ern Hemisphere. Her ships, her men, * her money and her enterprise took to that 1 trade as naturally as a duck takes to wa ter. There were thousands of her people who engaged in the “sum of all villainies/’ as John Wesley denominated the slave trade, but not the ownership of slaves.— Massachusetts money and Massachusetts ships invaded the barracoons and coasts of 1 Africau mainland, and thousands of “boys 1 and girls from twelve to fourteen years of age,” were brought to New England for use there, or for sale to the fathers of the 1 present Rebels of the South. New England people were the “mnn -1 stealers” for the colonies of Britain, and ■ for the States which now comprise rebel lious Dixie. There was money in the business—there was gain—there was pelf; and up to the year 1808, when the vile 1 trade was abolished, no one ever heard of a Massachusetts man denouncing this trade in human beings. When her old slave ships were worn out, and she could i turn an honest penny at some other traf fic, she became suddenly conscientious, and has continued to kick up a fuss gene rally with those who own the negroes which she sold to them. Her conscience (which seems to be an india rubber one), has been drawn into many shapes on this vastly mischievous subject. Captain Ellery seems to' have had a sharp .eye to business, and he gives the gratifying announcement that “all the slaves have had the small-pox!” To show the vast philanthropy of Massachu setts—she was always full of religious sentiment—he proposed to take New Eng land rum as pay ! This rum he would' sell or trade on his next voyage,, to pay for a new batch of darkies, adding to bis profits on both species of property. It was a sharp dicker, to be sure, and emi nently worthy of some people who don't live quite a thousand miles from Boston. Massachusetts fetters were placed upon the limbs of the slave,, and “New England rum” debased the soul of the captive. Lord save the world from hypocrisy, and ransom those who deserve the con tempt of man and the dire judgment of Heaven !—lndianapolis Sentinel. What Taxation will Do. According to statistical calculations fur nished by the Boston Chamber of Com merce, the aggregate value of the produc tions of the country amounts to the sum of two thousand millions of dollars. At the close of the war the interest on our debt may be estimated as being likely to amount to one hundred millions. Then it may be calculated that another hundred millions will be necessary to meet the annual ex penditures of the Government. Conse quently, two hundred millions will have to be raised by taxation to meet tho interest of the debt and for the support of Govern ment. This will amount to ten per cent, on the above aggregate value of the nation al wealth. This amount of taxation will be derived from labor apd laud—tho two elements which are the sources of all na tional wealth, and by which tho chief weight of taxation will have to be borne. We arrive by tho above data at the follow ing general conclusion:—First, that the value of fancy city property in all the great cities will bo reduced about fifty per cent.; all other property ten or twenty per cent. Labor will have to pay the tax an amount equal to ten cents on the dollar, or ten per cent. In the meantime Govern ment securities will rise in a few years from ninety-one to a hundred and twenty five, 'according to circumstance. There will be tiring and almost revolutionary times in all financial affairs; and no won der.—AT. V. Herald. The foregoing brief article from the New York Herald tells nearly what the ef fect of the war will be upon the property and labor of the country. • The estimate of a hundred million* of dollars for inter est and of another hundred millions for current expenses of tho Government is lowj should the party now in power be left in control of the Government. Twd hun dred millions of dollars a year, it will be seen, is ten pet cent, of the whole estimated Wealth of the United States, so that ten years taxes will be equal to tho whole of the country. These are significant facts. —Dubuque Herald. —— i—■■>. ——. 49“ When a person is very ill ,*he says ‘God has afflicted me;' bat if he feels very happy, and very well) how rarely does be say, “God has made me happy.” How pto&e are wo to think God is at burials, bat not at bridals; how prone to think God Uin all dark, sepulchral and gloomy places, but not in the midst of all that is bright, giving it greater brightness, and in aU that is joyful, adding to its i intensity and its purity. .1 The best heads*can bat misjudge in oases belonging to the jurisdiction of ■ ■ ■' % . ■ "'V'"” Who Wants to be an Editor? Some people think it big thing to.be an editor. Well perhaps it is—bat We don't she it. 4 fellow is dead-beaded into cir cuses and concerts, and rides on a few rail roads frte, but that one fact destroys neaf ■ ly all of the pleasure. When we bad to scrimp for a week to get a dollar to buy a ; seat at the opera, the delight experienced was proportioned to the sacrifice of money i it cost us. When yon can ride on a rail road for nothing you don’t care a snap about going at all; and so on. An edi tor occasionally gets presents, but they are nine times out of ten articles that are of ‘ no sort of use to him. In his paper he may say forty good things unapplauded, but if he happens, through some care i lessuess or mistake, to get off an obnoxious paragraph, he catches from the entire community. If he omits anything he is 1 lazy. If he speaks of things as they are, people are rnad. If he glosses over— -1 smooths down the rough points, he is bri bed. If he calls things by their proper ; names, he is unfit for the position of edi tor. If he, does not furnish his readers ; with jokes, he is a mullet. If he does, he is a rattlehead,, wants stability. If he condemns the wrong, he is a good fellow, but lacks discretion. If he lets wrongs and injuries go unmentioned, he is a cow ard. If he exposes a public man he does so to gratify spite—is a tool of a clique, or belongs to tho “outs.” If ho indulges in personalities ho is a blackguard—if he does not, his paper is insipid. They put Job through a pretty hard course of sprouts, according to Holy Writ, but there is no record of his being obliged to serve as an editor of a country paper. That would doubtless have been more than even his patience could have withstood. He probably, in such a case, would have taken the advice of his friends—cursed, and died. —Dubuque Times. The Memory of a Mother.— When temptation appears, and we are almost persuaded to wrong, how often a mother’s words of warning will call to mind vows that are rarely broken. Yes, the memory of a mother has saved many a poor wretch from going astray. Tall grass may be growing over the hallowed spot where all her earthly remains repose; the dying leaves of autumn may be whirled over it, or the white mantle of winter may cover it from sight; yet the spirit of her, when he walks in the right path, appears, and gently, softly, mournfully calls to him when wandering off into the way’s of error. JB9” If we die to-day, the sun will shine brightly and the birds sing as sweetly to morrow. Business will not be suspended a moment, and the great mass will not bestow a thought upon our memories. Is , he dead? is the solemn inquiry of a few, as they pass to their work. But no one will miss us except our immediate connection, and in a short time they will forget us, and laugh as merrily as when we sat. beside them. Thus shall we all, now active in , life, pass away. Our children crowd , close behind us and they will soon be gone. In a few years not a living human being can exclaim,” I remember him.” Hazel Eyed Girls. —Major Noah said a hazel eye inspires at first sight u Platon ic sentiment, as securely founded as the 1 rock of Gibraltar. A woman with a hazel 1 eye never elopes from her husband, never 1 chats scandal, never sacrifices her husband’s comfort to hor own, never talks too much or too little, always is au intellectual, agreeable and lovely creature. We never knew, says a brother editor, : of but ono hazel eyed woman who was un interesting or unamiable, and she had a 1 nose that looked, as the Yankees say, like 1 the little end of nothing, whittled down 1 to a point. 1 The grey is the sign of shrewdness and 1 talent. Great thinkers and captains have it. In women it indicates a better head than heart. The duck hazel is noble in its ' significance, as well as its beauty. The blue is amiable but may be feeble. The black—take care. There’s thunder and lightning there. Flowers. —Well has a writer said— “ Flowers are not trifles, as one might know from the care God has taken of them eve rywhere; not one unfinished; not one bear ing the marks of a brush or pencil.— i Fringing the eternal borders of mountain winters, gracing the pulseless beat of the gray old granite, everywhere they are i harmonizing. Murderers do not ordinarily ' wear roses in their button holes. Villains seldom train vines over cottage doors.”— And another adds, “Flowers are for the young and for the old, for the grave and for the gay, for the living and for the dead; for all but tho guilty, and for the guilty when they are penitent.” Engaging Manners.— There are a thousand pretty, engaging little ways, which every person puts oft, without run ning tho risk of being deemed either af fected or foppish. Tho sweet smile, the quiet, cordial bow, the earnest movement in addressing a friend or more especially a stranger, whom one may recommend to Cttr good regards, the inspiring glance, the gracefbl attention which is so captiva ting when united with self-possession— tMM will insure ns the good regards of ettetl a churl. Above all there is a certain softness of manner which should be culti vated, and which, in cither man or woman* adds a charm; and almost entirely compen sates for lack of beauty. • Franklin Asking foe Woek When a youth, Franklin wont to London, entered a printing office, and inquired if he qould net employment. “Whej are yon from ?” asked the fore man. “America," was the reply. “Ah!” said the foreman, “from America ? A lad from America seeking employment as a printer ? Well, do you really under stand the art of printing ? Gan you really set type ?” Franklin stepped up to one of the cases, and in a very brief space of time set up the following passage from the first chap ter of John: “Nathaniel said unto him, can any good thing come out of Nazareth ? Philip saith unto him, come and see.’ 1 It was done so quickly, so accurately, and contained a delicate reproof so appro priate and powerful, that it at once gave him a character and standing with all in the office. , Signs op a Good Apple Chop.— Some years since, an old gentleman enter ed the orchard of his neighbor in the month of May, when the trees were in full bloom. Going through the orchard, he re marked—“ Well, I see you are to have but few apples this year.” Pointing to one full of blossoms, “you will have none on that tree.” Pointing to another equally full, “you will have a peck on that.” Then to another, “you may have five bushels on that.” Keeping a note of bis remarks, it was found in the autumn that his predic tions were correct. On inquiry for indi cations, he said that red apple blossoms indicated fruit, and white did not. Small Stature but Laeoe Faith. —Last winter a little boy of six or eight years, begged a lady to allow him to clean away the snow from her steps. He had no father or mother, but worked his way by kucH jobs. On being questioned, he confessed that he often got little to do, and the lady further asked, if he did not fear that he could not get on. The child looked up with a perplexing and inquiring eye, as if uncertain of her meaning, and troubled with a new doubt. “Why,” said he “don’t yon think God will take care of a feller, if he puts his trust in Him, and does the best he can ?” — ' How He Started Them.— A Metho dist preacher, whose hearers were in the habit of going to sleep over his preaching, got a tin whistle, and one Sunday, when he saw a goodly number under the somno lescent influence, he drew forth his whis tle and blew a shriek, In an instant the whole congregation was awake, upon their feet, staring at the minister and at one another, wondering what in the name of human nature was to come next. “You’re a set of smart specimens of humanity, ain’t you?” said the divine whistler, as he slowly gazed around on the astonished assemblage. “When I preach the gospel to you, you all go to sleep, but the moment I go to playing the devil, you’re all wide awake, up and a coming, like a rush of hornets with a pole in their nest.” Very Pressing. —A young girl, who had become tired of single-blessedness, wrote to her true swain as follows : “Deer Jim cum rite off ef yn air cum min at all. Bill Collins is insistin that jfc shal hav him, and he hugs and kisses mo so kontinnerly that i cant holed owt much longer but will have 2 kave in. Betzey. “Mamma! papa’s getting very rich, isn’t he?” “I’m sure I don’t know. Why, child?” “ ’Cause he gives so much money to me. Almost every morning after breakfast, when Sally is sweeping the parlor, he gives me a sixpence to go out and play.” Shortly after Sally re ceived a notice to quit. Strange ! JJ£aT A rich joke is told of an eccentric divine who, while preaching one evening, was somewhat troubled with one of the feminine gender. After awhile she arose and went out. “There goes the devil’s daughter,” he said. The lady turned around and in a polite manner said: “Good night, father.” “My boy,” exclaimed a deacon, “you do very wrong to fish on Sunday.” “It ain’t no barm, deacon, I hain’t cotoh any,” replied the boy. A man heaping of another who was an hundred years old, said contemptu ously : “Pshaw! what a fuss about nothing! Why if my grandfather was alive he would now be a hundred and fifty years old.” Baltimore Markets. Flour.—Super, $5.37a55.50; extra, $5.16; City Mills super, $5.28a5.37; extra. $5.76x1.00. Corn Me*),'s2.B7 per bbl. Gram.—Wheat—fair, $1,88a51.40; prime, $1.85a1.65 per bushel. Corn—prime white, Ola 63c.; prime yellow, 50a61c. Oats—Md. 38a400.; PentL 40a41c. per bushel. Rye, 10a74c. per Guam.-Peruvian, S6O per ton; Mexican, f 23; White do. S3O; Navassa, $27: California, $47; Manipulated, $45; Phosphate, $45. Bone Dust! $26. Hat and Straw.—Baled Timothy s!7al6 per ton, loose $16al8; Clover, baled $18al7; !&&t R / * Straw $12*13; Oat straw $9a9.50; Wheat do. $9a9.60. Sams.—Clover seed. $4.87a6.0; Thnotby do. $2.00.2,12; Flaxseed,' $> 66a1.90. . jT&Sr-t*' o *fleece 3m2o ‘ ! Provisions.—BscotrAides*”Baßfclj Aooldfers. 4sasc.; Hams, la9e.; Lard, Baßlc. Cattu.— Prime, $3.76a55 pec 1901b*, Sheep. $3.50a4.00 per 109 lb*. Hogt, live, $4.75a5.50 per 100 lbs.