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The southern aegis, and Harford County intelligencer. (Bel Air, Md.) 1862-1864, July 12, 1862, Image 2

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A. W. BATEMAN, Editor.
—1 m 1 >■■■■■ =~
Saturday, July 12,1862.
cuTalton among the intelligent farmer* end business men
of Harford, thun any other paper in Hie county. No
“ Lock Hospital” or oilier obscene or “ Lottery” adver
tieements will appear in our columns at any price. A
lapse number 01 our subscribers pay for their paper in ad
vance, and consequently arc ju*l the clue* advertiser* de
sire to reach. ■ ’
The attention of respectable and legitimate advertisers
is directed to the above fact*.
The reports and statements in relation to the
last battle before Richmond are so very contra
dictory, that it is difficult, if no't impossible, to
give any correct idea of what has really happen
ed, be3'ond the fact that .Aiey have had some
hard fighting, with heavy loss on both sides, and
that the Federal army has fallen back under
cover of their gun boats on the James River. It
is said that the latest intelligence from General
McClellan's army is byway of Fortress Monroe,
and is to Sunday the 6th inst., that there had
been'no 'fighting for two days previous, but a
pOrtfon of the Federal army had advanced seven
mile? up the river on the 4th.
Captain Wilkes, of Trent notoriety, is in com
mand of a flotilla on the James river.
•It is said that the Richmond papers of the Ist
and 2nd inst. claim that in the recent battle be
fore Richmond, the Confederates captured eight
Federal Generals, twelve thousand prisoners, all
• of General McClellan’s siege guns, and supplies
enough to subsist the whole Confederate army
for three months. The battle on Tuesday, the
Ist inst., is reported to have been the most bloody
of the war.
It appears that the despatch announcing the
capture of Vieksbnrg was premature. On the
2nd inst. the bombardment of the place continued
from both fleets, the Confederate batteries reply
ing occasionally. All the non-combatants in the
city had been removed before the commence
ment of the bombardment. The Confederates in
the vicinity are believed to be about sixty thous
and. Prisoners were arriving in Richmond all
day on the 2nd. It is claimed that Gens. Hooker
and Sumner were wounded.
The latest advices state that General Jackson
is not dead, as reported, that Igst week he cap
tured a train of army wagons three miles long,
on their retreat from the White House.
The late Richmond papers, it is said, state that
Beverly Robinsdn, of the Fourth Virginia Cav
alry, has been appointed a Brigadier General,
and taken charge of the troops lately command
ed by Col. Ashby.
A letter from Newbern, North Carolina, states
that Gen. Burnside’s army had moved inland
from that point, on the 2d inst., destination not
Despatches state that thp people of Ohio and
Indiana are responding to 'the call for more
A Federal wagon train was attacked by a
small party of Confederates on Monday last near
Flint Hill, Virginia. A panic among the team
sters ensued, but it is said, that the Confederates
were compelled to retire.
Most of our farmers have been engaged in
harvesting this week, and a large amount of
grain has been cut. We hear from all parts of
the county,‘that the wheat is unusually good;
indeed it is a question whether the present
crop in this county does not greatly exceed that
of any former year. Most of the growing crops
look well. The corn although badly cut by the
worm early in the spring, has come on rapidly
since the hot weather set in. Mr Samuel Gallo
way has a field of corn near this town, which has
grown almost incredibly within the- last few
days. Some of the stalks—not the most flour
ishing—have been found by careful measurement
to "have grown six and a half inches in twenty
four hours.
We regret to learn that a species of fly hereto
fore unknown is doing the'growing oats much
injury. A friend informed us the other day that
he feared that Ge would lose most of his crop if
indeed It was not entirely destroyed.
We have bad an unusual warm spell of weather
for some ' days past. Last Monday was the
warmest day we have had this summer; the
mercury ip the shade raised to 94 degrees, at
which point it stood for several hours.
Govxhnob Bradford's Proclamation.—Gover
nor Bradford, in view of the President’s coll for
three hundred thousand additional troops, bos
issued his proclamation, addressed to ‘‘the loyal
men of Maryland,” urging them to respond
at once to the call, and reminding them that
they are “the natural body-guard of the Capital
of the nation,” and says: “Let the loyal men
of Maryland, then, remembering only the gnat
stake they have In the Union, and that their lo
cal position subjects them to the first shock of its
assailants, prepare to take a corresponding posi
tion in the front ranks of its defenders.”
The Governor, after speaking of secret sympa
thisers with secession, and declaring that the re
hellion is to be pat down by force of anas at
Mhlftever colt and regardless of all considers-
Twni of her sods, answer, and answer promptly,
brethren onOecent battle fields be cheered by the
assurance that on the next these sons will be bo
lide-them. %
tl.lil lUttfliim,! ihAl'r'uiniiTrjia will Aifkinrn
ASH* die imiMonfliiv next
j Vkrmont Democratic State Convention. —
The Democratic State Convention of Vermont
mt at Bellows Falls on the 2d inst., and nomi
nated Benjamin H. Smally for Governor, B. A. .
Chapin for Lieutenant Governor, and George
Washbnrn for Trensurer. The resolutions de
clare that the preservation of the Democratic or
ganization is necessary to the safety of the coun
try-; regret the existence of slavery, and assert
that the abolition opinions of a portion of the
people of the North, have tended greatly to pro
duce the present war, and condemn in strong
terms the Abolitionists both in and out of Con
“Stonewall” Jackson.—A correspondent of
the Baltimore Republican says that “Stonewall”
was applied to General Jackson from a remark
made by General Beauregard at the battle ot
Bull Run. Upon observing Jackson aud his
men—like so many statues —standing amidst a
terrible fire of shot and shell awaiting orders to
advance, .turning to his aid, Gen. Beauregard
remarked—“ Look at Jackson and his men, they
stand like a stone wall.” This, says the writer,
is the true origin of the expression—he having
been at the battle of Bull Run at the time the re
mark was made. ,
The Philadelphia Evening Journal learns
from the Boston papers that Governor Andrew’s
decision that no more Irish regiments should be
raised in Massachusetts, unless officered by Amer
icans, has caused considerable excitement among
the Irish citizens of Boston. A large meeting
has been held, and the course of the Governor
in strong language. The Journal is
very severe, and denounces the decision of his
Excellency as miserable and bigoted, and con
tinues :
Why, then, this deliberate insult of Mr. An
drew, who is of consequence only because he
happens to be a Governof, and who only dis
graces a State which was once dignified by the
possession of a Webster?
Public Opinion.—We learn from the Chicago
Times , that the Assembly of Wisconsin passed
just before its late adjournment, the preamble
and resolutions adopted last winter by the Legis
lature of Maryland and sent to all the Northern
States, denouncing the further useless and wicked
agitation of the slavery question. The vote
stood 52 to 38. This is one step in the right di
rection, but there is still much room for the pru
ning-knifein Wisconsin.
Ohio Democratic State Convention.—This
Convention met at Columbus on the 4th inst.,
and adopted resolutions in favor of the Union
and Constitution, denounced the abolitionists,
declared opposition to confiscation and emanci
pation, as unconstitutional, tending to drive the
South to desperation, and to be an ever present
incentive to the disruption of the republic, and
to fill Ohio with a degraded negro population,
and opposing taxation to secure emancipation.
Snow in June.—The Chicago Journal of the
19th of Jane says that on the day previous it
snowed quite briskly in Chicago and was cold
enough all day for overcoats and fur out doors,
and for coal fires within, and that it continued
extremely cold up to a late hour at night.
Does it Mean ?—The Phila
delphia Inquirer, of Friday last says :
The Post office of this city yesterday re
fused to receive a U. States Treasury note
in payment for postage amounting to near
ly three-fourths of a dollar. No explana
tion was tendered gr given, beyond the
words, “We do not receive Treasury
notes.” It certainly cannot be that the
notes are intended only for circulation
among what President Lincoln very prop
erly calls ‘’‘plain people,” and that *hey are
to be refused by the paid servants of those
The endowment upon the back of the
notes is presumed by the community to
have some force, and to be valid and effec
tive. It is as follows :
This note is a legal tender for all debt
public and private , except duties on im
ports and interest on the publio debt, and
is exchanged for United.Statos Six-Per
Cent twenty year Bonds, redeemable at
the pleasure of the United States after
five years.
Oh, Yes !—Mr. Senator Grimes—
bonnd to blow his born on the nigger ques
tion —has introduced a resolution to arm
and equip negro regiments. Oh, yes,
Mr. Grimes, by all means.
, What's a white man or woman, that mer-
Cy should be shown them? Nothing. Theyl
are seven millions and we are twenty-three
—it is not only just, but absolutely neces
sary, that black iquscle should be aYmod
against them, and black malice unbridled.
The Eqglsh used to employ Indians
against us in the wars of the Revolution
and that of 1812, and earned considerable
fame by snob refined exploits. By all
I means-—if you want to be famous hereaf
ter, as England is now—organize negro
regiments, and. tend them to fight the
South.— Dubuque Herald.
t ;• ■
Reckless Extravagance.— The Cin
cinnati Commercial , a Republican paper,
ia much alarmed at the various proposi
s tions before Congress for the expenditure
, of the public mohey—enlarging canals,
| building air line railroads, ka., ko., —and
! says the expenditures of the war are so
great, thafr Congress seems to assume that
i a few millions or hundred of millions more
\ are small matters. This idea, and the
I I 1 , . ,
■ i muoß oi luu rccaiess eztravagßQce wmen
.•a 1
• * * * * It is a fact not generally
known, that the power to coerce by arms
delinquent States was proposed by Mr.
Randolph to be given to Congress, but
was by a most decisive vote postponed in
definitely. On the 29th of May, 1787,
as appears in JJUiott’s debates, Mr. Ran
dolph introduced the followingproposition:
“That power be given to Congress to neg
ative all laws passed by the several States,
contravening in the opinion of the Na
tional Legislature the articles of the Union:
or any treaty subsisting under the articles
of the Union : and to have power to call
for the armed force of tbe Union against
any member* of the same failing to fulfil
its duty under the articles thereof.” '
Mr. Madison immediately moved the
indefinite postponement of the proposition,
and said: (“The more I reflect on the
use of force/ the more I doubt the practi
cability and efficiency of it, when applied
to a people collectively. The use of an
armed force against a disobedient State or
States, would look more like a declaration
of war than an infliction of punishment,
and would be rightly considered a dissolu
tion of the previous compacts by whiah it
might be bound.”
Mr. Madison, in opposing the proposi
tion with great earnestness said : “The
most’ jarring elements, fire and water, are
not more incompatible than such a strange
mixture of civil liberty and military exe
cution. Will the militia march, from one
State to another for the purpose of coer
cion ? If they do, will not the citizens of
invaded Slates ■ assist one another, until
they rise, and as one man shake off what
they will denounce as the hated Union al
together? If you subjugate them, how
are you to hold them under a Constitution
that is to be imposed to insure domestic
tranquility, and promote the general wel
fare ?”
Governor Ellsworth, afterwards Chief
Justice of the Supreme Court of the Uni
ted States, then a member from Connec
ticut, still more forcibly said:
“No doubt a coercion principle is neces
sary for the Unipn; but it is a momentous
question, whether it shall apply to a coer
cion of laws or of arms. Where will those
who advocate.military coercion land? A
necessary consequence of their principle
will bo eventually a war of States, one
against the other. Attempt to execute
the laws of the Union by sending an arm
ed force against a disobedient State or
States, and the will be involved in
untold calamities.’’
Elbridge Gerry,said: “Sir, this, if I
understand it, is to be no Government of
force. Fear is essentially the attribute of
the slave. And the government appeal
ing to this principle for support is already
a despotism. Opinion, free, intelligent
opinion, can *lcne perpetuate our institu
tions, and when this fails, all that can
maintain them fails, Ihe sword can dis
solve, but can never cement the Union to
gether by the blood of its own citizens /”
General Hamilton still more pointedly
said in the New York Convention : “It
has been observed that to coerce States by
military force was one of the wildest pro
jects ever devised. Under the form of
Government you now. establish, it would
be. A failure to comply with the laws of
the Union will never be confined to. a sin
gle State. This being the case, would it
be wise to hazard civil war ? Suppose Mas
sachusetts, or any other large State, should
refuse to obey the laws of the Union, and
Congress should attempt to coerce, would
not Massachusetts have the influence to
procure assistance from those States*lying
contiguous? What a picture does such
an idea present to view ! Can any man
expect to be well disposed towards a Gov
ernment that would make war, carnage
and desolation the means of supporting it
In fact, pofcjmpartial mind can carefully
study the debates of the Constitutional
Conventions,-peeking for light, and light
only, without being overmastered by the
conviction —that tbe enlightened framers
of the-Constitution believed that the moral
interposition of tho States, resting on the
force of reason, and appeals to a sane pub
lic opinion, woulu redress every grievance
in tho of the system
! they vpppe, fthous; to inaugurate. In all
the contemporary discussions in the State
Conventions, upon the adoption of tbe Con
stitution—the State Governments are con
stantly referred to—insisted upon in Mas
sachusetts-r-was.ipade part of the Consti
tution: “that powers not delegated to the
United Statefi by thr Constitution, nor
prohibited by it to the States, are reserved
to the States respectively or to the people.”
They were to be ultimately not only the
voice but the arm of public discontent.
Says Madison, in the Federalist , No.
28: “It may be received s an axiom of
our politic*! system, that State Govern
ments will in all possible contingencies
afford complete security against invasions
of the public liberty by national authority.
The Legislatures of States willhave better
means of infformatipn—tbey discover,
danger at a distance, and possessing all
the organ® of civil power’and the confi
dence of tho people, they can at once adopt
a regular plan 6f opposition to the Nation
al Government, in which they can com
bine all the resources of the community.
The great extent of country is a further
same effect against the enterprises of am
bilious rulers iu the national councils.—
If tbe Federal army should be able to quell
the resistance of one State, the distant
States would have it in their power to
•make headway withlresh forces. The ad
vantage gained in one place, must be
abandoned to subdue the opposition in
others, and the moment tbe part which has
been reduced to submission is left to it
, self, its efforts would be renewed and re
sistance revived.”
Says Hamilton, vol. Ist, p. 169, of the
Federalist :—“Tbe State Legislatures will
not only be vigilant, but suspicious and
jealous guardians of the people, against
, the encroachments of the Federal Govern
ment. They will bo ready enough, if
. anything happens, to sound the alarm to
the people, and not only become the voice
but the arm of their discontent.”
Says Hamilton again, in No. 16:—
“Whoever considers tho populousness and
’ strength of several of these States singly
at the present juncture, and looks forward
to what they will become, even at the dis
tance of half a century, will at once dis
, miss as idle and visonary any scheme
which aims at regulating them or coer
cing them in their collective capacities by
| the General Government. A prospect of
. this kind is little less romantic than the
monster-taming §piritj attributed to the
fabulous heroes and demigods of antiqui-
And again in No. 16 :—“Even in these
confederacies which have been composed of
members smaller than many of our coun
ties, the principle of legislation for sover
eign States, supported by' military coer
• cion, has never been found effectual. It
has rarely been attempted to be employed
against the weaker members; and in
most instances, attempts thus to coerce
the refractory and disobedient have been
the signals of bloody wars, in which one
half of the confederacy has displayed its
banners against the other. Wc ivant no
such a Government as this
■ This is the testimony of the men who
made the Constitution, and it stands upon
the record in letters so plain, that he who
runs may read, and the way-faring man,
though a fool, cannot err therein. In fact
this appeared to have been the theory at
first adopted by President Lincoln and
Secretary Seward, judging from the fol
lowing letter written by tho latter to Mr.
Adams, the prsent Minister to England,
and to whose sentiments I invite particu
lar attention. They are sentiments for the
utterance of which the Secretary has not
scrupled to send more honest men than
himself to the gloomy casemates of La
fayette and Warren. On the 10th of
April, 1861, he writes to Mr. Adams the
following letter:
“For these reasons he (the President)
could not be disposed to reject a cardinal
dogma of theirs (the seceding States,)
namely, that the Federal. Government
could not reduce the seceding States to
obedience by conquest, even although he
was disposed to question the proposition.
But in fact the President willingly accepts
it a&. true —only an imperial or despotic
Government could have the right to- sub
jugate disaffected and insurrectionary
States. This Federal Republican system
of ours is, of all forms of Government, the
very one the most unfitted for such labor.”
It will require more than the proverbial
ingenuity and craft of the Secretary to es
cape from the logical conclusion that such
a letter must create in the mind of every
man that reads it.
Leaking Oat. '
A Washington letter of June the 27tlr
to the Lancaster Intelligencer, says :
The developments which arc daily be
ing made by Messrs. Joseph Holt and
Robert Dale Owen, the Commissioners to
whom are referred the claims of Govern
ment contractors arc exciting much atten
tion. The scandalous charges of. some of
tho contractors prove that they are worse
enemies to the Government than tbe
rebels. The system of brokerage on
the part of members of both branches of
Congress, is not the least humiliating fact
which has been brought to light by the
Commission. The attempted justification
of Senator Simmons, in receiving on a
contract five per cent, amounting in all to
over fifty thousand dollars, meets with
universal condemnation.
There are other Senators and Repre
sentatives who are in the same boat'with
- him, and believe that their transactions are
-fair and legitimate. A stringent law in
- regard to such transactions on tbe part of
~ Government officials is necessary, but
1 there is no prospect of such a law being
' passed at the present session. The dis
-1 closures made by the Commison are bring
’ ing to light Others. It is alleged that tbe
! currycombs furnished by some Philadel
phia contractors aro made out of jhte—
that the tents are less weight than tbe at
f my standard—that the wagons are inspec
ted and passed contrary to law, and other
> matters which have for their object tbe
1 depletion of the National Treasury. All
■ these things will be brought to light at
■ the proper time. Several of the Investi
■ gating Committees will remain in sesaidn
1 all summer.
t v The Tax Bile.— Tbe Senate Tuesday
■ last passed the tariff bill, wijji an ameod
- meat patting tbe internal tax law into ef
. feet,on the 21st inst., instead of the Ist of
r August, with the exception of stamp du-
I ties, which are deferred to the Ist ot Sep
i tember, but unßtampedinstrumeots are not
) to be made void until the Ist of January
More Evidence of the Design of the
Party in Power to Establish a Mili
tary Despotism.
Oa Monday week, the United States
House of Representatives passed a bill es
tablishing new ranks and titles in the Na
vy of the United States—that of Admiral
being the highest. During the long peri
od in which the Government of the Uni
ted States was under the control of the
Democratic party several attempts were
made, but futilely, to create the rank and
title of Admiral in the Navy; but now
that the Government has fallen into the
heads of the anti-Dcmocratic parties, ifcis no
wonder, on the contrary, it is perfectly
consistent with the principles and policy
of the party in poker that new ranks of
office and new titles are about to be crea
Almost every act of Congress proves
the design of the dominant party to sus
pend the present form of constitutional
Government by that of a Stratocracy or
Military Despotism. This creation of
ranks and titles in the American Navy
analagous to the highest ranks and titles
in the Navies of the European Monarchies
proves it, as does the concentration of
power in the Executive head of the Gov
ernment,, and the disregard for the Con*,
stitution, for the Judicial branch of the
Government, and for the long established
usages and practice of the Government by
the Legislative and Executive Depart
ments. Need we appeal to the patriotism
of the people for their country, to their
loyalty to the Constitution anc( to the
Government established by it, to frown
down, and if needs be to strike down
every attempt to engraft the ranks and
titles and habits of Militdry Monarchies
upon the soil and Government of the Uni
ted States. Congress is making the at
tempt to do this great wrong, and if it
should be successfully accomplished, it
will only be another incentive to the al
ready aroused indignation of the people to
hurl from place and power the Party
which has little more than a year un-
Araericanized the whole fabric and sys
tem of the Government. —Dubuque Her
ald. '
The Story of One Reoimet.—When
the Maine Eleventh passed through Broad
way last November, the ‘‘Hallelujah Cho
rus’’ chanted by eight hundred and fifty
sturdy fellows, few persons who saw them
could have anticipated that those tall lum
bermen would, within a twelve-month, bo
almost decimated. Arriving in Washing
ton they built those famous barracks,
which were visited by so many stangers;
but in spite of the flue shelter the typhoid
was soon busy in their ranks, and when
.down with Casey’s Division they were
only seven hundred and fifty strong —one-
eighth died of disease. While on the Pen
insula they lived on hard biscuit and wa-’
ter for five weeks, owing to the inefficien
cy or rascality of some one, so that when
they took up the double quick for Wil
liamsburg the mon fell on tho road and
died from sheer exhaustion. At tho Bat
tle of Fair Oaks they numbered, fit for
duty, one hundred and eighty men. One
half of this number were in action, and
were nearly all killed or wounded. —New
York Host.
* ■" % -f-
More Men Wanted.—The Philadel
phia North American thinks a Camp of
Instruction of 50,000 volunteers is by no
means sufficient to meet tho exigencies of
the country, and to recruit the rapidly
thinning ranks.of the army. It says :
“As our army has been reduced by siok
uess, casualties, deaths in the field, and
other causes, from its original number of
700,000 to about 400,000, we hail a step
in the right direction, the formation of a
camp of instruction under Gen. Wool, at
Annapolis, of fifty thousand men. But
that number will not suffice. We need
three hundred thousand*, and it is best
that we should, look the necessity soberly
in the face.”
, 1 ■“ I "
Confederate Manufactures.—A
Federal prisoner at Macon; Ga., writes •
from that place under date of the 28d
ult., as follows.
The Confederate States have about $lB,-
000,000 worth of army stores here, and in
'my opinion, they manufacture cannon and
small arms in considerable quantities, as
there are extensive machine shops and
iron works here. They even have a steel
pen manufactory here, and I am now wri
with one of the pens—the best steel pea 1
ever handled.
Baltimore Markets.
- Flocb.—Super, $5.00a56,25; extra, $6.00;
City Mills super, $6.25a6.60: extra, $6.60a8.60.
Corn Meal,- $2.76 per bbl. Rye Flour, $3.25a
3.80 per bbl.
Grain. —Wheat—fair, $1.20a51.25; prime,
$1.40a1.5S per bushel. Corn—prime white, 88a
60c.; prime yellow, 60a52c. Oats—Md. 37a39c.;
Penn. 39a40c. per bushel. Bye, 70a770. per
bushel. >’ j
1 Guano.— Peruvian, S6O per ton; Mexican, $22:
White do. S3O; Nawwsa, $26; California, S4B;
Manipulated, $47; Phosphate, $46. Bone Dust,
Hay and Stbaw.— Baled Timothy s!Sal7
per ton, loose $14alB: Clover, baled ,$8al0;
loose s7a9. Rye Straw- sllal2 ; Oat straw
$8a9.00; Wheat do. s9alo.Qo. ♦
Wood.— Unwashed, 23a26c.; washed, 36a38c.;
polled, 30a34c.; common fleece, 30a38c.
Provisions.— Bacon sides, 6a6ic.; shoulders,
4a4jci; Hams, 9a10c.; Lard, Baloc. , .
Catoji.— Prime, $3a54.80 per 100 lbs. Sheep,
, $3.00a4.00 per 100 lbs. Hogs, live, $4.25*4.60
per 100 lbs.

in the 7th year of her age. ;
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