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A. W. BATEMAN, Editor. BEL AIR, MD.“ Saturday, November 1, 1862. culation anion; the iniellizeiit farmers and huainesa men of Harford, than nay oilier paper in the county. No “ Lock Hospital” or other obscene or “ Loitery” adver tiaemer.ia will appear in our -columns at any price. A I nr ye number of our subscribers pay for their paper in d vance, and consequently are Just the class advertisers do tire to reach. The attention of respectable and legitimate advertisers is directed to the above facts. * To Correspondents. All communicalinns tor publication must be accnni paniod with the teal name of the author, or no atten tion will he paid lo them. The real name of the author will noi be published unless desired, but we cannot consent to insert communications unless we know the writer. DECLINE AND FALL OF THE RE PUBLICAN PARTY. Whatever may be the result of the State elec tions yet to take place, no man of ordinary intel ligence and observation can have fulled to notice tte rapid decay which every where seems to at tend the Republican party. That the country is soon to be relieved from its blundering and dis honest control; is abundantly shown by (he re cent elections in Pennsylvania, Delaware, Ohio and Indiana. That, those who now occupy high places are soon lo be dismissed, is made clear by the facility with which the Democratic party overcomes heavy Republican majorities. The time seems to have come when the people are de termined to force power from the hands which abuse it, and restore it once again to the keeping of those who for more than sixty years adminis tered this government in obedience to a written Constitution. For more than sixty years this nation prospered, ns no other country ever had. Agriculture, Commerce, Manufactures and the Arts flourished to an extent not beforaknown in any nation so young as ours ; and bit for this miserable faction known as “abolitionists,” we would to-day be enjoying in peace and content ment the rich blessings transmitted to us by the fathers of the Constitution. In every instance where they have obtained power, they have abused it; and this abuse of • power lies brought about their defeat. In the States whi h have just voted, they have been fairly beaten. They possessed all the Federal and State offices, and dealt out with a liberal hand Federal as well ns State patronage. Threats even were —says some of our exchanges—brought to beay on The laborers and mechanics who were ■ employed on Government works, and had its effect upon some of the more timid. But the great mass of the people have shown them that they are neither to be intimidated nor flattered into the support of a party whose principles are subversive of the best interests of the country.— They have shown that they prefer the government of Jefferson and Washington to that of Beech er and Greeley. They have shown to this fac tion that “its days are numbered,” and that it will soon be “among the things that were.”— The Republican party commenced agitation al most with its birth, and has continued it up to the present day. Having no principles!© recom mend it to popular favor, its only road to power lay over the waves of fanaticism, agitation and deception. But, “fortunately,” says a contem porary, “the world places no confidence in these Abolition slanders. They have deceived the na tion too often, and their character is known and read of ail men.” Fortunately too, the cloak which has heretofore covered the deceptions and deformities of this faction, has at last fallen from it, and exposed its unsightly proportions to pub lic view. Once seen, it could no longer be ca ressed. Those who love liberty and venerate the institutions of their fathers have set their faces against it, and it is now passing to its political grave “unwept, unhonored and unsung.” WAR NEWS. Gen. McClellan has removed his headquarters to the Virginia side of the Potomac. This may be taken as indicative of important movements to transpire shortly in that quarter. It seems that there is no positive information of the retir ing of the Confederates from their advanced posi tion, the statements to that effect being entirely based on rumors. A despatch has been received staling that Gen. Pleasanton’s advance arrived yesterday at Pur cell ville, a few hours’ march of Gen. Longstreet’s command, which is believed to be at Upperville, near Ashby’s Gap. Purcellville is in Loudoun county, fifteen miles south of Harper’s Ferry and twelve miles west of Leesburg. Two reconnoiteriDg parties sent out on Thurs day met with reverses. The force that approach ed Manassas Junction was attacked by a superior force of the Confederates and driven back, with a toss of two officers and fifteen men. The other party, when near Bristow Station, was attacked and also forced to retire because of heavy oppos ing forces. The Federal commander was taken prisoner. Twelve of the Confederates were kil led and two captured. The Confederates sent reconnoitering parties to Manassas and Bristow on Saturday, but there was no further fighting. A Philadelphia paper has received the infor mation through a correspondent that Gen. Hen ry A* Wise, at the head of a Confederate force of twenty thousand men, is advancing on York town, the main body having already reached New Kent Courthouse. It is believed that it is the intention of the Confederates to reoccapy the works in front of Williamsburg, t- ■ i ' • Despatches from Cairo report that the Confed erates are very active in the vicinity of Helena, Vicksburg and Holly Springs, evidently contem plating some important movement, hot in what direction is not known. Seventy thousand men arc aaid lo bo gathered at Holly Springs. It i reported that General Price Is on flatebie river with fifty thousand men, marching towards Bolivar.i A force of Confederate cavalry, one thooand strong, is said to be stationed nine miles m. . Ai . 1- , from Htephis, on the Charleston raflmd, sop. .<. ,v-> * •7~ - posed to be the advance of a large force on the 1 city. A skirmish occurred between the Federal troops and several bands of Col. Morgan’s men at Point Lick, Kentucky, on Thursday last, in which the latter were defeated. It was reported and believed by the Secession-; ists that General Lee was concentrating every available man at Winchester, for the, purpose of overpowering and crushing General McClellan ; , when, if successful, lie is to invade Ohio and Pennsylvania. The Rebel raid into the Kana wha Valley has been tally successful as anticipa ted. It is estimated by these gentlemen that the i Rebels have carried off fully two hundred thou sand bushels of salt. / The advices in the Richmond papers of the 21st from Western Virginia, (as furnished by the Associated Press letter from Fortress Monroe,) ; speak of Gen. Echols being still in command in Kanawha Valley, and having issued an order ' urging farmers to come to Kanawha for salt and > bring forage for the army. A late Richmond paper stated that the Gov ernor of Virginia was at the suit works with the view of aiding the people to a supply of the ar ticle. The news received through Southern papers is interesting. On the 23d instant Qcn. Beaure gard telegraphed to Richmond that on the day previous the Federal troops made a movement | evidently for the purpose of cutting the railroad communication between Charleston and Savan nah. The lino was approached between the towns of Pocotaligo and Coosawatchie, but the expedition was unsuccessful, for according to the despatch, the troops were repulsed and forced to retire to their gunboats lying in Broad river, be low Coosawatchie. The scene of the engagement is about sixty miles southwest of Charleston and twenty miles west of Beaufort. The Southern account of the recent affair at Nashville states that the Confederates attacked the Federal line and drove in their forces to the entrenchments, killing several and capturing fifty prisoners. Intelligence will probably soon be received of the resumption of active hostilities in Western Virginia. The reports received from Southern papers that a large army, under Gen. Floyd, had been sent to that section of the State are con , firmed. A cavalry force appeared at Charlestown on the 21st instant, and the infantry is believed to be near the Gauley. The Federal forces at last accounts, were about twenty-eight miles from Charleston, pushing forward for that point. Another military department, to be known as the “Department of Cumberland,” has been formed, over which General Rosencrans will ex ercise command. The new department will com prise all that part of Tennessee lying east of the Tennessee river, and such parts of Northern Ala bama and Georgia as may be taken possession of by the Federal troops. This command will constitute the Fourteenth Army Corps, and that of Gen. Grant the Thirteenth. A Shocking Accident.— We learn that on Saturday last an accident occurred near Port De posit, by which two persons lost their lives. It appears that Misses Emma and Anna A. Chisto pher, and Mr. Harry Ritchie, of Philadelphia, left that city for the purpose of visiting their friends at Port Deposit. At Havre-de-Ggrace they took the boat for Port Deposit, and when near that place, this painful accident occurred. Miss Anna A. Christopher and Mr. Ritchie wore standing on the upper deck, and while engaged in conversa tion, the boat from some cause lurched and threw them over-board, and all efforts to save them proved fruitless. Mr. Ritchie, who was a good swimmer, it is said, struggled hard to save his companion, but not being a powerful man, his strength soon failed him, and both met a watery grave. , Melancholy Occurrence. —Between seven and eight o’clock on Friday morning of last week, Mr. James W. Hall committed suicide, at the residence of his father, near Abingdon, in this county. Mr. Hall was one of the collectors of county and State taxes, and it is thought, by those most intimate with him, that the diffi culty of making collections, under the pressure of the times, somewhat unsettled his mind, and caused this sad occurence. He was a man of unblemished moral character, and scrupulously correct in all his dealings. He leaves a large cir cle of relations and friends to lament the sad event. Formation of a Tract Society.— The Rev. Jonathan Cross, General Agent of the Maryland Tract Society, visited this place for the purpose of organizing a Tract Society for Bel Air and its vicinity, and at a meeting held on last Monday, the following organization was effected : President—Mrs. Elizabeth Walker; Vice- Presidents—Mrs. Elizabeth Lee, Mrs. Alice Rich ardson ; Corresponding Secretary—Miss Lizzie Blssell; Recording Secretary—Miss Ann Herron. The above ladies, together with about twenty others, constitute the Board of Managers. After these preliminaries; the meeting adjourned to meet in the basement of the Presbyterian Church in this place, on Monday afternoon next, at three o’clock. Hostility to Gen. McClellan.— New York, October 25th.—A special dis patch from Cincinnati to the Herald says that the Governors of the loyal States will assemble at Washington next week to de mand the removal of Generals McClellan and Buell, a more vigorous prosecution of the war, and the enforcement of the con fiscation act and the treatment of rebels ns traitors. Governor Todd does not elßorse the scheme fully, Governor Morgan intends to attend the meeting. The population of the Russian Empire in 1722 was 14,000,000 j in 1803, 86.- at present it amounts to| I THE EFFECT OF THE ABOLITION PROCLAMATION. Hod. T, A. R. Nelsou,who was last year elected a Union member of Congress from East Tennessee, has issued an address to his constituents, denouncing the PresL dent’s abolition proclamation. Among other things he says : We are in the midst of a sea of difficul ties. Many acts have been done in the South to which we were bitterly opposed as a people, aud which we who have ad hered to the Union, in spite of perils and danger, could not justify or palliate.— But the Union tueu of East Tennessee are not now, and never were, abolitionists. The Union men of East Tennessee are not now, and never have been, committed to the doctrines of incendiarism and mur der to which Mr. Lincoln’s proclamation leads. What, then, is the path of duty in the trying circumstances which sur round us '( Is it to belie all our past pro fessions and to sustain Mr. Lincoln’s ad ministration, right or wrong ? Is it to justify a man, whom we had no agency in elevating to power, not only in abandon ing the Constitution of the United States, | but in repudiating the Chicago platform, his inaugural address and messages to Con gress, in which the absolute right to sla very in the States where it exists was dis tinctly and unequivocally conceded ? Or is it, in view of his many violations of the Constitution, and this crowning act of us urpation, to join that side which at pres ent affords the only earthly hope of suc cessful resistence? • I am aware, my countrymen, that you will find difficulties in bringing your minds to the same conclusion at which my own has arrived. Many wanton and unauthor ized acts of cruelty and oppression have been perpetrated among you, which, in stead of changing your opinions, have only been calculated to aggravate and in tensify a heroic principle of endurance.— Many of these acts have been committed in remote places, without the knowledge and approbation of the authorities at Rich mond, or of those who have held the su preme command in East Tennessee, and under such circumstances that you have felt it dangerous to complain. Gradually and slowly these outrages have at last be come known, aud in the very recent proc lamation issued by Major General Jones you have the assurance that your com plaints will be heard, and the most ener getic measures adopted to- remedy the evil to which you have been subjected. Let not then, a sense of private and present wrongs blind you against the en ormities already perpetrated, and still mere seriously contemplated, by Mr. Lin coln’s administration. If a majority of the Republican party have been sincere in their professions of a determination to respect the right of slavery in the States, and if the light of freedom is not utterly extinguished in the North, may we not hope that a spirit of resistance will be aroused in that section, which, combined with the efforts of the South, will hurl Mr. Lincoln from power, and even yet restore peace and harmony to our distrac ted and divided country ? But if, through fear or any other cause, Mr. Lincoln’s in famous proclamation is sustained, then we have no Union to hope for, no Constitution to struggle for, no magnificent and unbrok en heritage to maintain, no peace to expect, save such as with the blessing of Provi dence we may conquer. The armies which have been sent near you to tanta lize you with hope have been withdrawn, aud, with cool audacity, Mr. Lincoln vir tually tells you that you have no rights. No alternative remains but to choose the destiny which an arrogant and unprinci pled administration forces upon us. It is almost unnecessary to declare to to you that I adhered to the Union amidst good report and evil report, suffering and danger, while it was in my power to support it, and that, when my efforts were paralyzed and my voice si lenced by causes beyond my control, I have cherished the hope that, all might yet be well; but “the last link is broken’’ that bound me to a government for which my ancestors fought, and whatever may be the course of others, I shall feel it my duty to encourage the most persevering and j determined resistance against the tyrants, and usurpers of the Federal Administra tion, who have blasted our hopes and are cruelly seeking to destroy the last ves tige of freedom among us. If you would save yourselves from a species of carnage unexampled in the history of North Ame rica, but unequivocally invited in Mr. Lincoln’s proclamation, let every man who is able to tight buckle on hi/ armor, and, without awaiting the slow and tedi ous process of conscription, at onoo volun teer in the struggle against him. The race is not always to 'ho swift nor the battle to the strong, and it cannot, in the nature of things, be possible that a just God will prosper the efforts of a man or a government which has hypocritically pre tended to wage war in behalf of the Con stitution, but now throws off the mask and sets it utterly at defiance. * * No despot in Europe would dare to ex ercise the powers which Mr. Lincoln in less than* two brief years, has boldly usur ped. He has suspended the writ of ha beas corpus in reg.rd to all persons who have been nr may be imprisoned by mili tary authority, aud thus destroyed the right essential to the liberty of the citizen, a right which the mailed barons of Eng land wrested by forge from King John, md inserted in the great charter of Brit 1 i ish freedom ; a right which it caused cen turies of contest to engraft upon the Brit r ish constitution; a right for which our j fathers sternly struggled, and which is in corporated in every American constitu -3 tion He has called armies into the field i without authoritv, according to his own u • o acknowledgment, and has become a mili tary dictator. He now claims the prerog ative to abolish slavery without our con ’ sent; and, if he can thus take our ue " groes, why may he not take our lands, and everything else we possess, and re j duoe us to a state of vassalage to which no parallel can be found, save in the his ” tory of the Middle Ages ? Thomas A. R. Nelson. Knoxville, Oct. 3, 1862. B ’ 1 An Abolitionist Jubilant. i On Tuesday night, after the Abolition f success in the City of Philadelphia, Col. - Forney was serenaded by the crowd. Af • ter thanking them for the honor [?] con - ferred upon him by their visit, he told u them that this triumph meant u forfeiture i of all slave •property in the Southern Slates, - and ended his jubilant speech by request , ing the Band to “play our grand Nation , al Hymn, ‘John Brown, whose soul is ■ marching on.’ ” [Wc quoto from his - own paper of Wednesday.] The Band - complied witbtho request, and the Press r further says: “The procession, upon a leaving, marched slowly down Fourth to - Walnut, and down Walnut, the Band - playing, in accordance with the request of - Col. Forney, the hymn commencing‘John Brown’s body lies mouldering in the i grave.’ The crowd at the end of each s verse would join in the chorus, aud the 1 music discoursed by the Band, together - with that of the many voices, was grand.” 3 From the above it appears that our - “grand National hymn is not hereafter to 2 be the “Star-Spangled Banner,” or “Hail - Columbia,” but the ultra Abolition strain -of “John Brown’s body lies mouldering in 1 the grave.’’ Forney, the great Abolition j leader, says so, and his word is law. The - patriotic songs which celebrate the victo - ties and glories of the country, are to be 1 laid aside as worthless, to make room for s an ultra Abolition strain which deities an r old horse-thief of Kansas, who justly died - upon the gallows in Virginia, for an in - fraction of the laws of that State ! Is ; this grateful to the ears of the* men who • fought in the war of 1812, or followed - the “Star-Spangled Banner,” from Vera s Cruz to the City of Mexico, or from Palo AUo to Buena Vista in 1847 ? We think 1 not. It cannot be that all love of country has been pressed out of tho people by the 1 black hand of Abolition tyranny.—Lan ■ caster Intelligencer. How it Was Done. ' The majority in this city for the Abo lition ticket, though unexpectedly large, is not to he wondered at, when the causes are explained. Many simple-minded peo ple, oven Mayor Henry, attribute the de | feat of the Democracy to the suspected dis -1 loyalty of that great party, —as if the adhe j rents of principles that made us what we wereus a nation could be disloyal. The facts j are, that corruption, unparalleled in the history of elections, and frauds as palpable as the noonday sun, were resorted to in or der to force an endorsement of the most corrupt administration that has ever curs ed our once free and prosperous country. Seventeen thousand employees, of the 1 Federal Government in this city, one third of whom are Democrats, were driv en to the polls like sheep to the shambles, ■ and made to vote against their conscien ces, on pain of dismissal from cmploy -1 meut. Even the women employed in the Arsenals .were appealed to by Honest John Covode, to use their influence to obtain votes for tho Administration which gave them work. In one of the precincts of the First Ward, called the brick-yard precinct, there were nine hundred votes polled; equal to about a vote per minute, which is rather rapid voting, when it is known that, on an average, each voter walked ; half a mile to reach the polls.—Philadel phia Mercury. Schedule of. Internal Revenue ! Stamps.—Tho following schedule has Just been issued at the office of Internal : Revenue, and will be found of great con venience to the business public. All of these stamps are now ready for delivery : Agreement stamps, 5 cents each. Bank check, (sight, draft or order,) 2 cents each. Inland bill of exchange (draft or note) of S2O to SIOO, 5 cents each ; ex ceeding SIOO to 200, 10 cents j S2OO to; 350, 15 cents; $350 to SSOO, 20 cents ; SSOO to 750, 30 cents; $750 to 1,000, | 40 cents; SI,OOO to 1,500, 60 cents; 1 $1,500 to 2,500, $1; $2,500 to $5,000, $1:50. Foreign bill of exchange, draft ' or note, 3 cents; $l5O to 250, 5 cents; $250 to 500, 10 cents; SSOO to 1,000, 15 cts.; SI,OOO to 1,500, 20o.; $1,500 to 2,250, 80c.; $2,250 to 3,500, 50c.; $8,500 to 5,000, 70c.; $5,000 to 7,500, sl. Bill of lading, 10c. Express, 1, 2 and 5 cts. Bond, 50 and 20 cts. Certifi cate, 2,5, 10 and 26 cts. Charter party, $3, 5 and 10. Contract, 10c. Convey ance, 50c., sl, 2,5, 10 and 20. Tele gram, 1 and 3c. Entry of goods, 26c., 50c. aud sl. Lease, 500. and sl. Man ifest, sl. 8 and 5. Mortgage, 50c., sl, 2,6, 10 and 15‘ Passage ticket, 50c. and sl. Power of attorney, 100., 25c. and sl. Probate of will, 50c , sl, 2,5, 10 and 20. Protest, 35c, Warehouse receipt, 25c. Legal document, 60c.— •' 1 “ V Proprietary stamps (medicines, perfume ry, &c.) 1,2, 8 mid 4c. Ploying cards, 1,2, 8, 4 and 50. Policy of insurance, 25c., 50u. and SI. loyalty and Disloyalty. * The Journal of Commerce says : We have a remarkable state of affairs now exhibited in this country. 'That par ty spirit against which all the great and good men of N old time warned the citizens of the American Republic, but which hu manity, perhaps, must fall into, has led us to an opening of a campaign in politics in which one party without hesitation pro nounces the other traitorous and rebellious. This is the highest fever of party spirit. It would lead at the next step to battle for persona) safety, since the party thus denouncing its opponents must necessarily insist on the propriety of imprisoning and executing the traitors, while the latter, if they believe themselves loyal, must neces sarily demand that their trial be held in due form of law, and justify resistance to all attempts at executing them without regular process, conviction, and sentence. There stands the fact in the history of America, that two great portions were en gaged in civil war, and one of those por tions being divided into two parties on the questions growing out of the war, one party denounces the other a rebellious aud traitorous party. * • But the next fact is more startling still. It appears at the election that the party , thus branded as traitors and rebels arc in large majority in the three great States of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Indiana, and this loads to the belief that they will be in vastly larger majority in the Empire State. What, then, becomes of the party which boasted its loyalty and abused its opponents ? Can a majority of the people of the United States be treasonable in a mere matter of opinion as to the policy which should control the war ? Never was a more treipendous rebuke given to the madness of Abolition radicalism than it has received in the result of these elec tions. . Now, as heretofore, the Abolition leaders have endeavored to keep back all the real issues out of sight, and persuade the people that the question before them was a question of loyalty or treason. But with that issue offered by the radicals, the people have chosen the side which the pol iticians called treason, and the terrible truth stares these men in the face that they have been telling Europe and the South that a majority of the men of the Northern States were actually in sympa thy with treason ! Fortunately the world places no confidence in these Abolition slanders. They have deceived the nation too often, and their character is known and read of all men. The Revolution in Ohio. —The Gin-* cinnati Enquirer in speaking of the elec tions which have just taken place, and the effects to be produced thereby, thus alludes to Ohio : The Abolitionists had not the least sus picion that there was such a revolution iu public sentiment going on in our midst.— They counted upon carrying the State, with scarcely any opposition worthy of the name. To be beaten in Ohio—which was never a Democratic State except when the opposition were divided into two fac- - tions, which was the case with the Whigs and Frcesoilers—was an event that they did not make the least calculation upon. It fell upon them like a thunderbolt.— Conservative men saw the coming change, the revolution—felt it in the political breeze which set in strong, especially when the President succumbed to the Abolitionists and issued his Emancipation Proclamation; but the Abolitionists were blind as bats. Up to the day of the elec tion they were denouncing the majority of the people aa secessionists, traitors and copper-hcads. This revolution in'Ohio, which is but the forerunner of what will take place in the free States, makes a new era in the history of the country. From this time , henceforth a different spirit will guide the administration of public affairs. Fa naticism will give way to patriotism, and the Constitution will be considered of more account than a piece of blank paper, in which light it has been viewed for the past eighteen months. A Good Speculation. —When Gen. Butler took command at New Orleans, af ter the surrender of the city, one of his first orders interdicted the circulation of Confederate notes, which, constituting al- . most the exclusive circulating medium, wore held in immense numbers. This in terdiction brought the rebel paper down : to fifteen cents on the dollar. At that rate, Andrew J. Butler, brother to the | General, and formerly of San Francisco, 1 went quietly intb the market, supplied with the specie from the United States * ta Hilary chest, and bought up all the rebel paper he could get hold of. When his purchases were completed, an order was is sued by Gen. Butler commanding the banks of the city to redeem all Confeder ate paper presented to them, with their own paper, specie or United States Treas ury notes at par. Thereupon Andrew J. Butler walked down to the banks with, it is said, about $1,500,00,0 Confederate notes, for which he paid fifteen cents on the dollar, or $250,000 iu United Slates money—received his $1,500,000, return ed (probably) $250,000 to the military chest whence he had taken it, aud came out of the little job with $1,250,000 prof it on less than six weeks’ work, and with out the investment of one dollar of his' own money. —Stockton Democrat.